Canada in NORAD continues the story from 1957 to 2007 and is focused on the origins and history of the North American air (and now aerospace) defence agreement and the organization created by that agreement known as the North American aerospace command or NORAD. The book looks at three aspects of NORAD: the trajectory and growth of United States-Canadian cooperation in North American air defence as the threat changed; NORAD as a United States-Canadian binational command; and the evolution of the agreement itself.The United States and Canada established NORAD to respond to the threat presented to North America by Soviet bombers. They realized that the speed at which those bombers could arrive, plus the lethality of their nuclear cargo, necessitated an immediate, coordinated response. It was clear that there would not be enough time to plan as each incident developed. [Joseph Jockei] convincingly argues that what made NORAD politically possible was the concept of "operational control" Jockeis description of how the agreement works is excellent he notes that the commander of NORAD (by custom an American officer with a Canadian deputy commander) would "have the power to direct coordinate and control the operational activities of forces assigned" while command would remain in national hands (35). Command here means administration, discipline, training, pay, promotion, and the ability to assign or remove forces. A key point is that the "assign or remove forces" responsibility rests with each government and not NORAD.Both governments have strongly supported NORAD. Until very recently, it has usually been the American position that NORAD should be the primary vehicle for North American air defence, supported by other commands. Jockei cites a statement by NORAD's commander in 1967: "Air and missile defense must be directed by a single individual and this individual must be CINCNORAD.... NORAD should be the primary command" (75).
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