Arbitration and the US Olympic Committee (USOC) have a long history together. Since at least 1978, when the Amateur Sports Act (ASA) was signed into law by president Jimmy Carter, the American Arbitration Association (AAA) has been the designated organization to administer the resolution of several different kinds of sports disputes, most notably those alleging that an athlete has been denied an opportunity to participate on the US Team for the Olympics. This article discusses this history and the AAA arbitration processes that are mandated to resolve Olympic and other sports-related disputes. An athlete's right to participate in the Olympics is protected by federal law. The Ted Stevens Act authorizes the USOC to recognize as an national governing bodies one "eligible" amateur sports organization for each sport on the Olympic Program. Section 9 of the USOC Bylaws amplifies the dispute resolution procedures called for in the Ted Stevens Act to protect the participation rights of athletes.