Illegitimate wage practices in Eastern Europe: The case of "envelope wages" by ProQuest

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									                                                                             Colin.C. Williams


Illegitimate wage practices in Eastern Europe: The case of
“envelope wages”*

Colin. C. Williams**


To evaluate the prevalence in Eastern Europe of a little discussed illegitimate
wage practice in which employers pay their formal employees both a declared
wage and an undeclared ‘envelope wage’, an extensive survey involving 10,671
face-to-face interviews in eleven post-socialist societies is here reported. The
finding is that
								
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