State of America's Children 2008 Education Highlights by coopmike48

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									About two-thirds of public school 4th graders cannot read at grade level; 6 out of 10 cannot do math at grade level. More than 80 percent of Black and Hispanic 4th graders in public school cannot read at grade level, compared with 58 percent of their White peers. Eighty-five percent of Black 4th graders in public school cannot do math at grade level, compared to 78 percent of Hispanic children and about half of White children.

Reading and Math Achievement of 4th Graders
Percent of Fourth-grade Public School Students Performing Below Grade Level: 2007
Reading Asian, Pacific Black Hispanic Islander
87% 80 80 91 87 82 85 82 91 84 86 77 — 86 88 84 82 86 91 — 83 81 88 88 92 88 — 90 84 75 78 85 83 88 — 86 89 90 87 90 88 — 92 83 — — 81 79 87 89 — 86 83% 83 87 84 89 85 84 76 85 72 79 79 85 82 83 82 81 — 74 — 79 82 81 84 — 78 70 84 86 80 77 84 82 82 — 79 85 90 85 88 83 85 80 79 85 — 74 82 — 83 79 83 — 72% 54 — 58 53 41 38 — 43 51 78 — 46 — 51 58 — — — 43 42 56 71 — — — — 70 57 40 — 50 59 — — 64 68 59 70 — — — 52 74 — 52 53 — 67 — 55

Math American Indian, Alaska Native
— 90% 91 — — — — — — — — — 80 — — — — — — — — — — 80 — — 83 — — — — 87 — 83 85 — 75 79 — — — 88 — — — — — 82 — — 82 80

Total
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming United States 71% 71 76 71 77 64 59 66 86 66 72 74 65 68 67 64 64 67 80 64 64 51 68 63 81 68 61 65 76 59 57 76 64 71 65 64 73 72 60 69 74 66 73 70 66 59 62 64 72 64 64 68

White
61% 60 64 64 60 53 48 56 26 56 60 60 61 58 63 62 59 64 69 64 51 44 61 58 69 63 58 60 65 58 48 60 53 61 62 58 69 66 53 61 65 63 66 56 62 59 54 59 72 59 61 58

Total
74% 62 69 63 70 59 55 60 86 60 68 67 60 64 54 57 49 69 76 58 60 42 63 49 79 62 56 62 70 48 48 76 57 59 54 54 67 65 53 66 64 59 71 60 61 51 58 56 67 53 56 61

American Asian, Indian, Pacific Alaska White Black Hispanic Islander Native
64% 50 52 54 48 46 43 47 27 46 54 54 55 50 48 54 42 66 63 57 45 35 56 42 66 55 51 55 57 47 37 57 44 44 51 47 61 60 47 59 50 54 64 41 55 50 47 49 67 46 52 49 90% 78 84 88 85 80 85 80 92 85 87 76 — 91 86 83 79 88 89 83 83 74 88 84 91 88 — 91 84 75 75 82 82 85 — 82 90 84 82 84 86 85 91 79 — — 82 83 81 90 — 85 83% 74 85 78 85 81 82 75 81 67 80 81 82 81 74 75 71 85 69 — 72 77 74 78 — 74 60 85 82 73 71 84 75 72 — 75 78 88 72 85 79 79 85 70 84 — 72 81 — 73 77 78 — 63% 41 59 44 47 36 30 — 41 37 69 — 38 — — 33 — — — 32 34 31 57 — — — — 57 36 22 — 31 40 — — 52 47 34 59 — — — 30 56 — 40 46 — 50 — 41 — 84% 85 — — — — — — — — — 87 — — — — — — — — — — 72 — — 84 — — — — 83 — 76 83 — 71 82 — — — 87 — — — — — 74 — — 79 74

— Data not reported; number of students too small to calculate a reliable rate. Sources: U.S. Department of Education, National Assessment of Education Progress, The Nation’s Report Card: Reading 2007 (2007), Tables A-8 and A-9; and U.S. Department of Education, National Assessment of Education Progress, The Nation’s Report Card: Mathematics 2007 (2007), Tables A-8 and A-9. Calculations by Children’s Defense Fund.

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Seven out of 10 public school 8th graders cannot read or do math at grade level. More than 4 out of 5 Black, Hispanic, and American Indian/Alaska Native 8th graders cannot read or do math at grade level, compared to 3 out of 5 of their White peers. Three out of 5 Asian/Pacific Islander 8th graders cannot read at grade level; 1 in 2 cannot do math at grade level.

Reading and Math Achievement of 8th Graders
Percent of Eighth-grade Public School Students Performing Below Grade Level: 2007
Reading Asian, Pacific Black Hispanic Islander
91% 83 81 92 90 82 88 86 91 87 87 79 — 90 90 83 88 86 92 — 86 83 93 87 93 90 — 88 84 80 83 87 86 90 — 88 87 79 86 90 91 — 92 86 — — 84 84 89 92 — 88 80% 76 89 85 89 83 86 79 81 77 83 79 86 84 79 84 83 — — — 76 85 86 81 — 88 — 79 89 — 78 88 84 84 — 69 91 86 86 94 85 — 82 84 88 — 75 84 — 83 87 86 — 73% 52 — 65 64 55 53 — 54 — 82 — 54 — — — — — — 38 46 — 73 — — 79 — 74 — 43 — 63 66 — — — 56 42 73 — — — 48 70 — 46 63 — 73 — 60

Math American Indian, Alaska Native
— 90% 91 76 78 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 87 — — 62 — — 62 — 92 — 85 87 — 77 68 — — — 80 — — — — — 78 — 63 77 81

Total
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming United States 79% 73 76 75 79 65 63 69 88 72 74 80 68 70 69 64 65 72 81 63 67 57 72 63 83 69 61 65 78 63 61 83 68 72 68 64 74 66 64 73 75 63 74 72 70 58 66 66 77 67 67 71

White
71% 64 63 68 66 57 54 59 — 64 62 69 66 62 65 62 60 70 71 62 55 51 66 59 71 63 58 61 70 63 52 71 57 61 66 58 69 63 59 65 65 61 68 57 67 58 60 61 77 62 64 62

Total
82% 68 74 69 76 63 65 69 92 73 75 79 66 69 65 65 60 73 81 66 63 49 71 57 86 70 59 65 77 61 60 83 70 66 59 65 79 65 62 72 68 61 77 65 68 59 63 64 81 58 64 69

American Asian, Indian, Pacific Alaska White Black Hispanic Islander Native
73% 56 60 91 61 52 56 57 — 63 63 72 62 59 60 62 54 71 72 65 47 42 65 52 76 64 — 59 68 — 49 67 61 54 56 58 75 61 56 65 56 57 70 47 64 58 53 58 81 94 61 59 96% 85 85 92 90 79 93 90 94 89 89 — — 93 91 89 84 89 93 — 87 87 95 86 96 94 — 95 88 86 86 88 90 86 — 91 91 72 87 91 85 — 93 84 — — 85 84 96 82 — 89 97% 77 88 — 90 87 90 83 91 79 84 85 84 87 80 87 84 — — — 79 81 89 82 — 83 — 89 89 — 80 90 85 77 — 75 92 86 83 93 77 82 87 77 88 — 76 87 — 60 78 85 — 67% 48 — 54 52 39 35 — 52 — 80 — 45 — — 48 — — — 34 26 — 66 — — 85 — 64 — 31 — 47 50 — — — 47 34 69 — — — 33 68 — 47 59 — — — 51 — 88% 88 83 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 81 — — — — — 93 — 83 86 — 83 84 — — — 86 — — — — — 82 — — 83

Sources: U.S. Department of Education, National Assessment of Education Progress, The Nation’s Report Card: Reading 2007 (2007), Tables A-15 and A-16; and U.S. Department of Education, National Assessment of Education Progress, The Nation’s Report Card: Mathematics 2007 (2007), Tables A-15 and A-16. Calculations by Children’s Defense Fund.

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Although 3 out of 4 9th graders graduate from high school in four years with a regular diploma, there is great variation among the states, from a low of 5 out of 9 in Nevada to a high of 7 out of 8 in Wisconsin. Expenditures per public school pupil also vary, from $5,216 in Utah to $14,117 in New Jersey.

Public School Education: Various Indicators
Pupil/ teacher ratio Fall 2005
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming United States
n/a — Data not reported. Sources: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Public School Graduates and Dropouts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2005-06, First Look (August 2008), Table 1; and U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics 2007 (March 2008), Tables 63 and 172. Ranks calculated by Children’s Defense Fund.

Averaged freshman graduation rate 2005-2006
66.2% 66.5 70.5 80.4 69.9 75.5 80.9 76.3 n/a 63.6 62.4 75.5 80.5 79.7 73.4 86.9 78.4 77.6 59.5 76.6 79.9 79.5 73.6 86.2 63.5 81.0 81.9 87.0 55.8 81.1 84.8 67.3 67.4 71.8 82.2 79.4 77.8 73.4 n/a 77.8 n/a 84.5 71.8 72.5 77.6 82.4 74.5 72.9 76.9 87.5 76.1 73.4

Expenditures per pupil 2004-2005 Dollars Rank
$ 7,073 10,847 6,184 7,659 7,905 7,826 12,263 10,911 13,348 7,215 8,065 8,997 6,319 8,896 8,919 7,962 7,926 7,132 7,669 10,342 10,031 11,642 9,340 8,718 6,548 7,858 8,133 8,794 6,804 9,771 14,117 7,834 13,703 6,904 7,829 9,330 6,610 8,071 10,235 11,667 7,549 7,464 6,850 7,246 5,216 11,972 8,886 7,717 9,024 9,755 10,190 43 9 50 37 30 34 4 8 3 41 27 19 49 21 20 28 29 42 36 10 13 7 16 24 48 31 25 23 46 14 1 32 2 44 33 17 47 26 11 6 38 39 45 40 51 5 22 35 18 15 12

12.8 16.8 21.3 14.4 20.8 17.0 14.5 15.1 14.0 16.8 14.7 16.3 18.0 15.8 17.1 13.7 13.9 16.0 16.6 11.7 15.2 13.2 17.4 16.4 15.7 13.7 14.0 13.4 19.0 13.2 12.4 14.8 12.9 14.8 12.3 15.6 15.2 19.5 15.0 10.7 14.6 13.4 16.0 15.0 22.1 10.9 12.6 19.3 14.1 14.6 12.6 15.7

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Black, Hispanic and American Indian students are more likely than Asian or White students to be suspended. Black students are more than three times as likely as White or Asian/Pacific Islander students and more than twice as likely as Hispanic students to be suspended. Policies focused not on achievement but on “zero tolerance” often succeed only in encouraging suspended students to drop out, in effect pushing many into criminal activity and the pipeline to prison.

School Discipline: 2006
Number of Suspensions per 100 Public School Students
Total, all races Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming United States
— Number too small to calculate a stable rate. Source: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, 2006 Civil Rights Data Collection, projections. Calculations by Children’s Defense Fund.

American Indian, Alaska Native 4.835 8.209 9.973 4.684 12.238 8.652 5.218 — — 7.170 3.742 5.996 8.607 2.906 6.063 5.181 5.807 3.791 6.791 6.365 8.543 4.976 6.754 10.016 12.689 6.999 9.597 6.712 6.612 — 3.654 8.282 4.473 14.883 8.047 3.724 3.992 7.169 3.425 11.771 9.571 6.841 3.415 3.053 6.859 — 4.039 11.305 8.201 13.506 6.416 7.931

Asian, Pacific Islander 3.188 4.609 2.609 3.492 3.268 3.242 2.386 3.312 — 2.871 2.110 5.528 1.649 1.664 1.791 1.605 2.921 1.514 2.618 2.935 2.156 2.520 2.202 2.463 3.000 2.888 2.333 1.913 3.859 2.235 1.433 2.526 0.690 2.661 — 2.055 1.778 2.091 2.669 7.162 2.873 2.988 2.694 1.625 4.210 — 2.065 3.689 2.369 2.119 — 2.712

Hispanic 4.289 5.944 6.359 4.879 7.876 8.138 11.407 9.216 — 7.702 5.424 5.655 5.105 5.971 7.383 3.190 6.559 3.982 4.716 5.732 12.907 11.952 7.422 5.350 4.259 5.366 3.501 5.047 8.482 12.104 6.897 5.388 2.790 7.206 3.139 5.970 5.309 5.479 8.694 12.576 6.500 4.310 5.351 5.730 6.662 4.121 5.598 7.158 11.208 7.528 3.102 6.777

Black 18.272 10.014 11.805 15.892 17.093 13.153 17.182 20.058 0.400 19.334 15.007 7.008 3.486 14.478 17.266 11.432 14.614 13.324 14.643 8.956 8.176 10.277 17.782 14.432 14.757 20.153 4.919 12.584 15.476 8.733 12.371 6.988 7.285 20.027 5.003 14.602 12.056 8.807 18.903 14.617 19.220 7.122 12.847 12.674 7.759 5.838 13.939 11.979 21.493 19.721 3.168 14.982

White 5.801 4.564 4.462 5.011 5.962 4.544 4.019 6.384 — 7.863 4.798 4.879 3.278 3.758 5.957 2.432 3.824 5.809 7.063 4.453 5.760 4.230 6.091 2.427 5.548 4.573 3.737 2.564 5.139 5.365 3.668 3.951 3.350 6.480 1.478 4.558 3.910 4.780 4.165 6.664 6.892 1.934 5.538 2.887 2.432 3.989 4.723 5.255 9.683 2.714 2.721 4.760

10.113 5.895 5.892 7.313 7.507 6.031 6.838 10.938 0.360 10.459 8.831 5.473 3.585 6.439 7.377 2.963 5.091 6.565 10.349 4.565 7.087 5.563 8.205 3.731 10.216 7.286 4.475 3.702 7.400 5.567 5.670 5.265 3.799 10.763 2.173 6.246 4.887 4.942 6.786 8.380 11.882 2.686 7.240 5.563 3.197 3.994 7.233 5.947 10.206 4.970 2.850 6.864

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More than 17.4 million children receive compensatory education under Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. More than 6.6 million students ages 3 to 21 receive educational services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. About 1.1 million children receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI).

Children and Youths in Federal Education and Disability Programs
Supplemental Security Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Fall 2006 Income (SSI) Child Recipients Ages 3-5 Ages 6-17 Ages 18-21 Total 3-21 December 2007 7,111 1,954 14,097 11,795 68,002 10,802 7,660 2,264 567 32,819 18,454 2,477 3,976 36,957 19,530 5,872 9,608 20,591 10,151 3,889 11,752 15,920 24,097 14,286 8,422 15,629 1,971 5,179 5,715 2,523 19,580 6,337 63,040 19,914 1,560 23,137 7,617 8,572 28,145 2,967 10,472 2,683 12,264 37,528 8,023 — 16,845 13,529 5,849 14,867 2,842 699,841 72,475 14,703 111,197 51,249 572,039 67,886 57,929 16,240 9,383 338,254 163,747 17,320 22,897 269,319 150,171 59,856 53,178 84,793 73,579 29,045 88,166 142,986 199,899 97,960 54,043 115,243 15,400 38,342 40,818 27,055 218,547 37,540 366,760 162,729 11,399 228,859 83,143 65,846 249,280 24,652 87,714 14,484 102,581 411,227 52,622 — 142,344 104,165 39,622 105,773 10,785 5,575,244 5,186 878 5,842 2,921 30,863 4,389 3,398 931 913 20,019 7,223 644 1,116 15,392 9,375 3,476 2,926 3,803 4,423 1,491 4,667 7,841 12,580 7,086 3,252 7,420 787 2,166 1,799 2,696 11,972 2,507 23,915 9,025 657 17,746 4,563 3,846 16,440 1,414 5,545 804 6,080 23,994 2,421 — 9,307 6,004 2,384 5,856 627 330,610 84,772 17,535 131,136 65,965 670,904 83,077 68,987 19,435 10,863 391,092 189,424 20,441 27,989 321,668 179,076 69,204 65,712 109,187 88,153 34,425 104,585 166,747 236,576 119,332 65,717 138,292 18,158 45,687 48,332 32,274 250,099 46,384 453,715 191,668 13,616 269,742 95,323 78,264 293,865 29,033 103,731 17,971 120,925 472,749 63,066 — 168,496 123,698 47,855 126,496 14,254 6,605,695 29,090 1,165 18,449 21,145 102,144 7,495 7,099 3,441 4,490 82,435 36,259 1,606 4,444 44,997 22,781 7,502 7,685 29,096 31,491 3,707 15,816 20,247 39,043 12,027 22,987 20,992 2,238 3,715 6,570 2,089 23,239 8,117 75,387 39,919 1,040 44,872 15,381 8,606 64,360 4,224 19,139 2,144 23,665 105,084 4,625 1,732 23,272 15,716 9,196 17,958 845 1,120,766

Title I 2003-2004 Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming United States 321,823 24,908 403,842 173,293 3,254,327 144,579 105,477 37,990 70,805 1,033,041 639,088 110,474 44,845 673,508 126,868 66,219 101,481 340,639 390,981 25,953 157,048 274,244 610,029 141,628 317,805 200,139 47,606 55,606 67,558 19,631 304,024 142,218 820,602 414,782 19,894 503,615 288,023 139,168 450,832 33,992 273,558 28,295 337,325 2,869,777 78,837 31,163 181,011 255,733 90,568 180,113 2,758 17,427,723

Sources: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04 (2007), Table 4; U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Children and Students Served under IDEA, Part B, by age group and state: Fall 2007, at <https://www.ideadata.org/TABLES31ST/AR_1-1.xls>; and Social Security Administration, Office of Retirement and Disability Policy, Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics, SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2007 (September 2008), Table 16. Calculations by Children’s Defense Fund.

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Black and American Indian students are more likely than those in other racial groups to be enrolled in classes for students with mental retardation. Black children are more than twice as likely as White or Hispanic children to be in these classes, and more than three times as likely as Asian/Pacific Islander children to be in these classes.

Enrollment in Classes for Students with Mental Retardation*: 2006
Percent Enrolled
Total, all races Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming United States 1.051% 0.433 0.867 1.777 0.748 0.440 0.445 1.764 0.597 1.241 1.437 0.841 0.667 1.150 1.846 1.213 0.914 2.506 1.281 0.437 0.626 1.547 1.593 1.044 0.864 1.182 0.771 1.622 0.456 0.436 0.499 0.546 0.526 1.578 1.084 1.674 1.112 0.745 1.272 0.711 1.442 0.877 0.757 0.692 0.626 1.008 0.878 0.524 2.864 1.235 0.610 1.027 American Indian, Alaska Native 0.649% 0.741 1.252 1.064 0.864 0.613 — — — 0.944 — — 0.742 — 2.058 1.313 0.753 — 0.951 — — 1.195 1.445 1.715 — — 1.187 2.789 0.612 — — 0.630 0.646 2.868 1.919 1.712 1.050 1.098 — — — 1.568 — 0.735 0.654 — 0.717 0.973 — 1.651 — 1.107 Asian, Pacific Islander — — 0.511% 0.518 0.842 0.229 0.240 — — 0.602 0.502 0.919 — 0.489 0.497 0.646 0.390 0.505 0.313 — — 0.793 0.686 0.733 — 0.498 — 0.871 0.390 — 0.235 — 0.274 0.499 — 0.371 0.392 0.490 0.414 0.649 0.501 — 0.245 0.424 0.399 — 0.491 0.330 — 0.995 — 0.599 Hispanic 0.378% — 0.961 1.046 0.734 0.563 0.497 1.390 — 0.895 0.863 0.732 0.764 0.866 1.350 1.292 0.749 0.933 0.429 — 0.620 3.832 1.294 1.067 0.335 0.745 0.996 1.701 0.435 0.634 0.648 0.566 0.574 0.891 — 1.932 0.792 0.607 1.516 1.289 0.493 1.489 0.355 0.598 0.667 — 0.657 0.590 1.596 1.193 0.674 0.768 Black 1.530% — 1.447 3.399 1.135 0.888 0.703 2.953 0.664 2.358 2.201 — — 2.329 3.891 2.081 2.070 3.517 1.881 — 0.943 5.483 3.159 1.858 1.211 2.145 — 2.615 0.742 — 0.921 0.816 0.876 2.978 1.720 3.233 2.117 1.433 2.127 1.169 2.324 1.333 0.823 1.299 1.013 1.926 1.565 0.789 3.155 2.529 — 1.919 White 0.822% 0.324 0.688 1.387 0.629 0.352 0.394 1.205 — 0.897 0.973 0.516 0.650 0.835 1.595 1.167 0.832 2.441 0.819 0.434 0.418 0.793 1.254 0.963 0.508 1.002 0.693 1.504 0.406 0.430 0.348 0.464 0.415 0.925 0.974 1.358 1.023 0.750 1.101 0.526 0.866 0.751 0.770 0.597 0.621 1.000 0.613 0.494 2.877 1.067 0.602 0.885

*According to the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD): “Intellectual disability is the currently preferred term for the disability historically referred to as mental retardation.” Frequently Asked Questions on Intellectual Disability and the AAIDD Definition, at <http://www.aamr.org/Policies/faq_intellectual_disability.shtml>; accessed November 2008. — Number too small to calculate a stable rate Source: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, 2006 Civil Rights Data Collection, projections. Calculations by Children’s Defense Fund.

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Black and American Indian children are more likely than those in other racial groups to be enrolled in classes for students with emotional disturbance. Black children are more than three times as likely as Hispanic children to be in these classes, and more than seven times as likely as Asian/Pacific Islander children to be in these classes.

Enrollment in Classes for Students with Emotional Disturbance: 2006
Percent Enrolled
Total, all races Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming United States 0.215% 0.404 0.731 0.174 0.325 0.910 0.794 0.709 0.559 1.111 1.354 1.118 0.506 1.101 1.317 0.855 0.733 0.883 0.437 1.361 0.749 1.137 1.121 1.993 0.302 0.872 0.679 0.734 0.484 1.163 0.694 0.685 1.288 0.770 1.044 0.931 0.809 0.790 1.183 1.207 0.698 1.055 0.316 0.747 0.507 1.956 0.795 0.448 0.760 1.732 1.011 0.845 American Indian, Alaska Native — 0.510% 0.640 — 0.858 1.785 1.555 — — 0.982 — — — 0.772 1.272 — 0.956 — — — — 1.608 1.280 5.677 — — 0.809 2.411 0.627 — — 0.742 1.970 1.204 1.526 — 0.671 1.254 — 3.264 — — — 1.053 0.863 — 1.052 0.821 — 5.691 2.308 1.114 Asian, Pacific Islander — 0.151% 0.216 — 0.091 0.259 0.160 — — 0.091 0.183 1.051 — 0.247 0.219 — — — — — 0.082 0.347 0.213 0.410 — — — — 0.140 0.133 0.117 — 0.191 — — 0.113 — 0.204 0.201 — — — — 0.150 0.209 — 0.167 0.119 — 0.325 — 0.203 Hispanic 0.085% 0.202 0.382 0.068 0.174 0.637 0.992 0.397 — 0.600 0.358 1.299 0.193 0.542 0.396 0.603 0.319 0.277 — — 0.556 1.569 0.673 1.451 — 0.332 — 0.319 0.164 0.580 0.557 0.587 1.384 0.168 — 0.855 0.241 0.365 1.036 1.195 0.168 1.291 0.082 0.484 0.391 — 0.454 0.215 — 0.995 0.895 0.460 Black 0.226% 0.773 1.568 0.162 0.809 1.804 1.238 0.917 0.624 1.805 1.721 1.268 — 1.888 2.122 2.324 1.318 1.933 0.607 1.595 1.039 2.432 1.482 5.084 0.271 1.468 — 1.825 0.969 0.936 1.341 1.147 2.692 1.367 2.241 1.742 1.111 1.683 2.059 2.148 0.987 0.590 0.293 1.183 1.520 1.926 1.126 1.050 1.689 2.844 2.550 1.426 White 0.221% 0.372 0.994 0.194 0.514 0.964 0.695 0.667 — 1.083 1.306 1.392 0.560 1.058 1.288 0.799 0.749 0.769 0.314 1.368 0.630 0.976 1.091 1.729 0.341 0.779 0.661 0.668 0.674 1.211 0.614 0.810 0.889 0.557 0.977 0.777 0.903 0.868 1.036 1.113 0.534 0.342 0.967 0.515 1.994 0.737 0.471 0.719 1.632 0.962 0.857

— Number too small to calculate a stable rate Source: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, 2006 Civil Rights Data Collection, projections. Calculations by Children’s Defense Fund.

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About 1 in 20 public school students is in a class for students with learning disabilities. Black and American Indian children are the most likely to be in these classes.

Enrollment in Classes for Students with Learning Disabilities: 2006
Percent Enrolled
Total, all races 5.357% 3.692 5.434 4.779 4.613 3.898 3.719 8.007 1.393 6.484 3.334 5.046 4.199 6.674 6.122 7.848 5.659 2.309 4.097 5.420 3.887 6.684 5.502 3.969 5.477 5.118 5.831 5.449 6.116 6.629 6.899 6.001 6.148 4.343 5.313 5.516 7.326 5.102 7.905 7.397 6.487 5.370 4.245 5.068 5.429 4.725 5.039 4.474 5.848 4.847 5.357 5.353 American Indian, Alaska Native 4.113% 5.844 9.013 4.836 5.868 5.662 4.566 — — 6.524 2.946 5.443 8.558 6.857 6.063 8.792 6.994 — 4.757 6.506 3.745 7.127 7.563 6.405 6.250 4.287 8.102 8.249 10.851 6.346 5.592 7.237 7.700 4.805 8.934 6.550 7.163 7.522 6.245 11.474 5.701 9.508 3.610 5.225 10.114 — 5.760 7.476 10.582 7.671 9.116 6.995 Asian, Pacific Islander 1.228% 1.105 1.662 1.323 1.473 1.449 0.988 2.024 — 1.885 1.088 5.032 1.474 1.919 1.594 3.288 2.631 0.488 0.637 2.138 0.992 2.446 1.409 2.969 1.017 1.514 2.640 2.462 2.291 1.836 1.686 3.098 1.854 1.786 — 1.564 2.214 1.619 2.121 3.435 1.645 3.071 0.952 1.213 2.948 — 2.193 2.337 — 3.317 — 1.906 Hispanic 3.724% 2.381 5.719 3.775 5.064 4.579 4.419 8.576 1.780 6.458 3.384 6.424 4.760 6.431 4.487 7.166 5.168 1.872 2.173 3.992 5.307 7.574 6.073 5.594 2.594 3.431 6.006 4.978 5.704 7.030 7.392 6.105 6.598 4.216 6.475 5.716 5.950 4.965 9.345 9.273 4.176 5.564 2.477 5.230 7.281 — 6.231 5.727 6.166 4.688 6.732 5.503 Black 7.135% 2.254 6.588 5.441 7.901 5.267 4.479 10.556 1.369 6.605 3.329 5.381 4.835 7.850 6.515 10.378 7.296 2.101 5.383 4.531 4.237 7.509 6.371 5.793 6.558 6.120 6.114 5.413 9.419 5.047 8.962 7.816 7.432 4.733 4.846 5.786 9.684 6.342 9.410 8.637 7.173 4.998 3.302 6.910 7.658 3.970 5.964 6.739 6.497 6.366 5.873 6.322 White 4.484% 3.182 4.820 4.765 4.239 3.570 3.571 6.752 1.040 6.663 3.468 4.765 4.067 6.638 6.283 7.843 5.632 2.367 3.121 5.505 3.692 6.756 5.374 3.675 4.466 5.053 5.516 5.545 6.110 6.757 6.770 5.350 6.068 4.234 4.970 5.529 7.322 5.242 7.692 6.958 6.271 4.811 4.744 4.469 5.092 4.793 4.690 4.170 5.843 4.670 5.133 5.261

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming United States

— Number too small to calculate a stable rate Source: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, 2006 Civil Rights Data Collection, projections. Calculations by Children’s Defense Fund.

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Children’s Defense Fund


								
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