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MEASURING CHICKASAW ADAPTATION ON THE WESTERN FRONTIER OF THE COLONIAL SOUTH: A CORRELATION OF DOCUMENTARY AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL DATA

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The restudy of archived site collections allows the seriation of pit features from several colonial period Chickasaw sites in northeastern Mississippi. The result is a fine-grained chronology which allows the relationship between the archaeological record and the documentary record to be examined in unusual detail. Documenting changes in the faunal, ceramic, and lithic assemblages which occurred between 1650 and 1750, it is clear that while the Chickasaw were quick to take advantage of the economic opportunities made possible by their position at the intersection of colonial ambitions, they were slow to replace traditional technology with trade goods. Ceramic data provide information on relationships between the Chickasaws and their neighbors, and these external relationships shifted through time, displaying a pattern which was structured by internal social organization and traditional offices. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

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