Balaji et al present their findings in a report by CDC regarding the prevalence and extent of HIV prevention education and the prevalence of HIV infection policies among public secondary schools. Their findings indicate that, in 2006, the majority of secondary schools in 34 states and 13 school districts provided some education on HIV prevention topics in required health education courses. Also, a median of less than 50% of lead health education teachers among states and a median of approximately two thirds among school districts had received staff development on HIV prevention. Staff development on health topics is critical for effective teaching. These groups, along with public health and legal professionals, should work together to develop and implement HIV-related policies and continually assess them, based on new legislation, scientific data, and real-world experience. A CDC editorial note is presented.