Africa has a sordid collection of conflict: the Nigerian civil war from 1967 to 1970 led to mass starvation and a humanitarian disaster; the debilitating civil war in Mozambique cost 900,000 lives between 1975 and 1994 and left a legacy of mine amputees; the twenty-year civil war in Sudan caused more civilian deaths than any war since the Second World War - 1.9 million - and this excludes the genocide in Darfur; civil wars in Algeria, Liberia and Somalia brought these countries to their knees. There have been human rights victories in the form of Nelson Mandela's forgiveness after apartheid; the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; the Sierra Leone Truth Commission and hybrid Special Court; the denunciation of former Liberian President Charles Taylor and Botswana's stable and quiet enclave of constitutional stability. For the first time in international law, the Protocol explicitly entrenches the reproductive right of women to medical abortion when pregnancy results from rape or incest, or when the continuation of pregnancy endangers the health or life of the mother.
THEWORLDTODAY.ORG AUG-SEPT 2008 PAGE 12 RIGHTS IN AFRICA Bonita C. Meyersfeld, A SPECIALIST IN HUMAN RIGHTS LAW, WORKS IN THE HOUSE OF LORDS Why Africa?
Pages to are hidden for
"Why Africa?"Please download to view full document