The generation and distribution of electrical energy in Canada differs markedly from that in the US. Much of the difference has to do with natural resources, geography, demographics, and history. Begin with energy sources themselves. As of 2006, for example, hydroelectric generation provided 60% of Canada's electricity. Transmission systems also differ. In Canada, the dominant movement of energy is from north to south, not only from hydro projects in the north to Canada's major urban areas, but also via major line construction to customers in the US. The voice of Canada's electricity industry, somewhat analogous to the Edison Electric Institute in the US, is the Canadian Electricity Association, or CEA, founded in 1891. Canadian studies of motor efficiency and repair influences -- and development of "market-transforming" motor rebate programs -- ran well ahead of similar programs in the States. All types of renewable energy, such as wind, photovoltaics, and bioenergy, are of growing importance in Canada.
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