Based on the test series of Reference 20 (high axial load ratio), the I^sub e^ becomes equal to I^sub g^, and for a wall tested in Reference 18, the I^sub e^ again becomes inconsistent with the test results. 4. (3) or (4) leads to an overly conservative design for the practicing structural engineer and will not be a cost-effective design, especially for high-rise reinforced concrete buildings.
a control environment. The lateral-force-resisting systems and predicting volume change cracking in a structure. An (LFRS) in the facilities had
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"Test of High-Rise Core Wall: Effective Stiffness for Seismic Analysis. Paper by Perry Adebar, Ahmed M. M. Ibrahim, and Michael Bryson"Please download to view full document