DISPENSING WITH CONSCIENCE: A HISTORY OF DIFFERENCE by ProQuest

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Clarification of Scope The author recognizes that the very principle behind conscientious refusal to participate in pharmacy activities transcends the boundaries of emergency contraception and includes refusal to participate in abortion, euthanasia, assisted suicide, fetal and stem cell therapy, and sterilization.3 For the purpose of brevity and except where outside factors or principles are significant, the scope of the discussion will focus on the place of conscience in the dispensing of medicinals that prevent pregnancy in all phases. The author also adopts the meaning of the phrase "refusal clause" from the definition provided by Weiss et al of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU): A refusal clause (sometimes also called a religious exemption or "conscience clause") is a law that allows entities and/or individuals to refuse to provide or cover certain health services based on religious or moral objections.\n On the other hand, there is an emphasis on the inherent dignity of human life at all stages of their story.

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