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Superfund: The Great Cover-Up Why We Live in Enclosures Today Prepared for Dr. Robert W Kipper, Director, HRS Prepared by Student Name, CSPR Student Name, CSPR Student Name, CSPR Student Name, CSPR July 24, 2075 Table of Contents Executive Summary.................. Error! Bookmark not defined.1 The Cover-up....................... Error! Bookmark not defined.1 Asthma Case 1242 ............................................. 5 The Lincoln Cancer Epidemic of 2011 - 2013 ................... 6 The Old Government’s Economic Policy......... Error! Bookmark not defined.3 Foreign Wars, Oil Shortages, and Cronyism .................... 7 Suppression of The EPA’s Warnings.............................. 8 Economic Policy and Case Law ................................. 9 A Recipe for the First Enclosure.............................. 10 Floods, Toxins and Halliburton .............................. 10 Floods Bring Toxins to the Surface .......................... 11 Works Cited........................ Error! Bookmark not defined.8 Table of Figures Figure 1: Endemic Asthma and Cancer rates in Eastern Nebraska ................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.2 Figure 2: Superfund's Shrinking Budget....... Error! Bookmark not defined.3 Figure 3: The EPA's Loss of Effectiveness...................... 9 Figure 4: The Great Storm of 2010............................. 10 Executive Summary In early 2074, Langley Virginia enclosure worker crews discovered a long-forgotten secured data vault. Located beneath the remains of what was once the United States Central Intelligence Agency’s headquarters, the vault contained top- secret Old Government paper documents and computers. Researchers recovered several magnetic storage devices from the nearly fifty-year-old computers, along with the contents of seven paper file cabinets. Due to the previously classified nature of the secured data vault, security personnel from the HP initially reviewed the freshly recovered information. The search revealed long forgotten information regarding the Old Government’s policies on the environment, and specifically on an Old Government environmental cleanup program called Superfund. These previously classified documents revealed much of the actual rationale for the Enclosure Act of 2026. The Enclosure Act of 2026 was passed to protect citizens from the increasingly toxic environment of the Wilds. The first enclosure, Nebraskarium, protected the city dwellers of Omaha, Nebraska and surrounding communities from exceptionally high levels of environmental toxins. After Nebraskarium’s completion in 2014, other governments followed America’s success in building enclosures. At that time, the Old Government had a program called Superfund tasked with cleaning up large industrial toxic waste sites. What citizens did not know is that the Superfund could have cleaned up the toxic waste sites, and failed due to measures taken by the Old Government: reallocation of Superfund funding, suppression of environmental standards, and cover-ups of reports warning of the increasingly toxic environment (“Governmental Activities Overview”). The lack of funds was caused by the combination of expensive foreign wars, oil shortages and the resulting elevated energy prices, and increasing health care costs. Old Government officials repeatedly denied funding misappropriations. To protect themselves and maintain the status quo, the Old Government officials perpetrated a series of successful cover- ups. Soon, the environment became saturated with heavy industry’s toxic byproducts. Citizens were largely unaware of the environmental toxicity due to the suppression of the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) annual “Report on the Environment” (ROE) and other warnings (“Report on the Environment”). In addition, unknown to the public, hundreds of thousands were dying and many millions more were chronically ill because of repeated exposure to dangerous amounts of industrial pollution. The introduction of the enclosure system offered a safe and expedient solution to the toxic Wilds. The Cover-Up During December 2002, Old Government president George W. Bush and his administration successfully pushed large reductions to the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Clean Air Act through legislation. These substantial changes enabled coal power generators to release substantially increased levels of dangerous pollutants including mercury, sulfur, and carbon monoxide into the air. To ensure that these changes would not be overturned, the Bush administration suppressed the EPA’s “Report on the Environment” (ROE) by marking substantial sections as “National Security.” Analysis of the EPA’s ROE shows the Old Government was abusing its authority in classifying this information, improperly suppressing the EPA’s warnings. This suppression of the EPA’s report was not unique. The Bush administration started a trend of classifying any information it did not agree with through the method of classification (“Governmental Activities Overview”). Asthma Case 1242 In May 2011, U.S. President John McCain used the new information suppression policy to hide evidence of a pandemic rise in childhood-related asthma in America. Approximately 6,500 of over 800,000 emergent cases in America were reported in the eastern half of Omaha, Nebraska, within the five years prior to 2011. At that time, the eastern half of Omaha was home to only 7,500 children. Government officials intervened, releasing combined evidence of only 1,848 cases. They publicly attributed the cases of childhood-related asthma to natural causes. The recently found classified documents suggest otherwise. Specifically, the classified and released documentation of Asthma Case 1242 differ significantly in their diagnosis. Place Figure 1 about here Caption: Endemic Asthma and Cancer rates in Eastern Nebraska The public documentation of Case 1242 asserted that the child involved – Kevin Edwards – was affected by a case of acute childhood allergic asthma. The documentation states the primary cause of the child’s asthma was genetics, with improvement expected by the child’s late teens. The classified documents revealed that the actual diagnosis by Dr. Chune Rice was that of intrinsic asthma. Nearly all of the other cases in the Omaha area also indicated intrinsic asthma. The classified documents also indicate moderate concern on the part of the involved Old Government health officials as to why 6,500 cases of intrinsic asthma would be found in children in the same area (“Types and Causes of Asthma”). Old Government officials deduced that Case 1242 was in fact the beginning of a much bigger trend. The severity of the issue was attributed to the revised Clean Air Act. A letter recovered in the hidden data vault from then Nebraska Governor John Quentin to U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Director Cynthia McTavish sums up the Old Government’s attitude: “Keep case file 1242 classified. Our duty to the American public is to protect them from the panic likely to be stirred up by these documents!” (“CIA Hard Drive”) The data vaults contain many other similar examples of this “protection,” involving suppression of increasingly dire environmental toxicity. The Lincoln Cancer Epidemic of 2011 - 2013 Beginning late in 2012, government officials recognized a substantial increase in the number of cancer cases in the Lincoln, Nebraska metropolitan area, approximately 50 miles southwest of Omaha. Classified documents reveal knowledge of nearly 4,000 cases annually in Lincoln between of 2011 and 2013. Between 1970 and 2000, the government officials reported an average of only 511 cases annually (Wilkins, 77-82). Government investigators concluded that the contents of a nearby Superfund site was leaking aluminum fluoride trihydrate into Lincoln’s water supply, and was the cause of several forms of cancer common to many of the cases. Richard Wiles, the founder of the environmental concerns group “A Cleaner Environment for Everyone” said, “I've spent 20 years in public health, trying to protect kids from toxic exposure. Even with DDT, you don't have the consistently strong data that the compound can cause cancer as you now have with aluminum fluoride trihydrate (Woffinden, 33).” Just two days before Wiles was to go public with his findings in August 2013, he was found dead. Official sources declared his death a suicide. News sources said Wiles died by falling five stories from the balcony of his apartment. Classified reports found in the data vault revealed CIA operatives had a difficult time getting Wiles to let go of his balcony’s railing. On the public front, three years of private investigation commissioned by his environmental organization produced no leads, and the troubling circumstances surrounding Wiles’ death faded into obscurity. Findings on the recovered CIA computer hard drives revealed Robert Ross, aid to Governor John Quentin, had ordered the murder of Richard Wiles (“CIA Hard Drive”). The public never knew the actual reason for “The Lincoln Cancer Epidemic of 2011 - 2013.” The Old Government’s Economic Policy Few citizens were aware of the dire consequences a plunge in Superfund budgeting would cause. Beginning in 2000, Superfund experienced a dip in funding that continued into a downward trend, ultimately leading to the shelving of the Superfund program. In 2006, there was an investigation by concerned Old Government bureaucrats to determine if funds were being misappropriated. Confidential files revealed three major issues that determined the Old Government’s economic policy regarding Superfund: increasingly expensive foreign wars, “The Great Oil Shortage of 2010”, and cronyism between presidential and upper government officials. The Old Government’s focus on these other activities increasingly caused Superfund to lose funding and the public’s attention, ultimately dooming life in the Wilds. Foreign Wars, Oil Shortages, and Cronyism In 2003, under orders from President George W. Bush, the United States invaded Iraq and successfully removed Saddam Hussein from office. Leading up to the removal of Hussein, the Bush administration falsely claimed that Hussein had weapons of mass destruction. The real reason was that America needed an inexpensive and reliable oil source to keep its economy highly productive. Bush and his administration successfully rallied the American people into engaging Hussein in war. However, with war came significant monetary costs. Much of this money ultimately came from domestic and environmental programs, and specifically from Superfund’s budget. In fact, Superfund experienced a budget shortfall of $250 million in 2005 (“Governmental Activities Overview”). Insert Figure 2 about here Caption: Superfund's Shrinking Budget In early 2009, a militant religious extremist group known as the “Islamic Militant Saudi Jihad” overthrew the rulers of Saudi Arabia, the Sauds. This new group had an unfavorable opinion of the U.S., and promptly cut off vital oil supplies. In the summer of 2009, the McCain administration ordered the U.S. military into Saudi Arabia to secure oil interests and “give the Saudi people their freedom and protect American interests.” This conflict lasted for three years and continued to drain funding away from Superfund and related environmental programs. The priority set by the Old Government to put war ahead of environmental needs during the early 21st century greatly contributed to the Enclosure Act of 2026 and increased the United States’ dependency on foreign oil. Even as oil prices continued to rise during the first decade of the 21st century, the American people continued to increase their use of oil. Increased consumption, combined with the devastating hurricanes from 2005-2010 in the Gulf of Mexico that destroyed offshore drilling facilities and onshore refineries, led to record worldwide oil prices. In addition, much of America’s chemical production industries were located near the Gulf. The hurricanes damaged numerous chemical plants and chemical dumps, triggering the release of large amounts of chemical toxins into the Gulf region. As a top priority, the Bush administration funneled billions of dollars into restoring the Gulf’s oil producing capacity. However, Bush largely neglected the clean up of the released highly toxic chemicals. In 2009, the United States Congress passed a bill that opened the Alaskan wilderness to oil drilling without restrictions. The passage of previous bills had opened restricted areas of the Alaskan wilderness to limited drilling, but the additional bill in 2009 paved the way for future accidents related to oil production. By that time, the nearly unfunded Superfund program was incapable of addressing these oil spills in Alaska. Eventually, creation of the Alaska City enclosure provided a safe haven for Alaska’s inhabitants. The recently recovered data files describe how Halliburton was selected as the primary contractor to handle both the Gulf of Mexico oil production restoration and the preparation of the Alaskan wilderness for drilling because of the company’s close ties to President Bush’s Vice President, Dick Cheney. During this time, billions should have been spent on environment restoration, but instead were awarded to the administration’s favorite companies in an attempt to keep the American economy energized (“CIA Hard Drive”). Suppression of The EPA’s Warnings In the early 2000’s, the government’s aggressive economic policies and disregard for the environment culminated in the suppression of America’s primary environmental protector, the Environmental Protection Agency. The George W. Bush administration was deeply committed to using foreign wars as a form of economic stimulus. China was emerging as a superpower, and Bush believed the accelerated growth resulting from wartime economics embodied the best hope for countering China’s high economic growth rate. In Iraq, an extended occupation and rebuilding process yielded a limited success in stabilizing the region and increasing oil supplies. Beginning in 2003, the suppression of EPA programs and reports diverted potential concerns of the American population. Since Superfund was one of the primary projects handled by the EPA, the depleting funds and looser environment laws limited its effectiveness. Economic Policy and Case Law The first major step taken by the Bush administration to cover up the funding issues was taken in 2003 when Bush labeled significant warnings within the EPA’s Report on the Environment (ROE) as classified. President Bush clarified the reasoning behind this classification as a matter of national security. In reality, the war budget, along with several other personal funding objectives of the Bush administration, was exceeding its allotment. EPA officials refused to remove the elements deemed unfit to publish by Bush, and eventually the report was shelved. For the draft versions of the ROE between 2006 and 2009, the Bush administration repeatedly labeled many sections within the report as classified. In each draft, the Superfund program was invariably described by the EPA as being a “prudent, effective program for cleaning up our increasingly polluted environment.” (“Report on the Environment”) Unfortunately, the American public never read the EPA’s advice and warnings, due to their “classified” labeling. While in office, President George W. Bush made sure that his pre-presidency supporters would be comfortable in the years to come. He appointed close colleagues to the Supreme Court and key government positions, and funneled choice government projects to his supporter’s companies. Insert Figure 1 about here Capture: The EPA's Loss of Effectiveness The practice of suppressing the EPA’s ROE became a trend that only increased over time. The escalating suppression of environmental concerns ensured that the information deemed harmful to the best interest of key government personnel would stay out of the public eye. The EPA had virtually no success in making the Bush or McCain administrations understand the severity of the environment’s increasing toxicity and the future problems this would cause. In addition to Bush and McCain’s efforts, major industries neutralized the EPA’s environmental regulations, largely due to decisions by corrupt U.S. Supreme Court appointees. The Sedro vs. Allied Chemicals case (2006) opened the door to routine violations of environmental laws and regulations by the heavy industries. The case’s verdict made clear that the companies driving the American economy would take priority over the health of America’s environment – and ultimately, its people. Figure 3 illustrates the adverse effects on the EPA’s actions and awards precipitated by the Sedro vs. Allied Chemicals case (“Governmental Activities Overview”). Additional cases heard by the nation’s high court cemented the position of America’s companies as the worst polluters in the world and prime corruptors of the Earth’s precious environment. A Recipe for the First Enclosure Record levels of floods and toxin releases were recorded in the years between 2006 and 2014. This dangerous combination resulted in severe contamination that eventually forced Nebraska State government officials to test a revolutionary protection system designed by Zuni Franklin and Greg Passio. In 2014, Nebraska’s public was introduced to a new way of life within the first enclosure, aptly named the Nebraskarium. (“Report on the Environment”) Floods, Toxins and Halliburton In 2006, Halliburton won lucrative U.S. Department of Defense contracts for new types of thermobaric bombs. These powerful bombs were developed to attack the caves and underground bunkers of America’s “enemies.” Halliburton set up armament development and manufacturing plants in Omaha, near the site of what would become the Nebraskarium. Halliburton chose Omaha to take advantage of a zero-tax program offered by the City of Omaha, along with the area’s excellent distribution capabilities. Unknown to Omaha residents, the by-products of the manufacture of the thermobaric bombs were highly toxic. Halliburton took advantage of the recently relaxed Clean Air and Water Acts and positive relations with important friends in the Old Government, emitting abundant amounts of toxic contaminants into the Omaha area. Some of the toxins were released into the air while other toxins were buried dangerously close to the Missouri River. Effects ranged from many new cases of intrinsic asthma, to an epidemic increase of rare, deadly cancers. Testing of the new thermobaric weapons was performed in south- central Nebraska. During testing, additional toxic chemicals were introduced into the environment. The high-yield, high-focus blasts produced by the thermobaric weapons introduced large amounts of toxins into the Ogallala Aquifer. In just a few years, toxins related to the thermobaric weapons permeated a large portion of the Aquifer. In addition, prevailing weather patterns pushed airborne toxins related to the new weapons across the Omaha metro area. (“Report on the Environment”) Insert Figure 2 about here Caption: The Great Storm of 2010 Floods Bring Toxins to the Surface Between 2007 and 2011, the upper Midwest experienced unprecedented storms. These storms brought record-shattering amounts of rainfall, causing breaches in several key levy and metropolitan sewer systems. Nearly all of these storms victimized the Omaha metro area. By the time “The Great Storm of 2010” hit Midwest America, the heavily polluted ground around Omaha was saturated by the rains, and water was standing in several areas around the city. The 26 Superfund sites in and around Omaha, including the Halliburton site, released their toxins into the environment, exposing much of Omaha’s population to a deadly stew. Unknown at the time, land around the Gavins Point Dam and power plant on the Missouri River, upstream from Omaha, was also saturated. In addition,the reservoir behind the dam contained a critically high level of water that was in the process of being control-drained from the previous storms. When the “Great Storm” hit the upper Midwest in 2010, several dams above Omaha, including the Gavins Point Dam, were overwhelmed. Flooding of the areas below these dams along the Missouri River was catastrophic, far exceeding the damage caused by the “Great Flood of 1993” along the Mississippi River and the flooding caused by the hurricanes in New Orleans in 2005 and 2006. (“Report on the Environment”) Facing an astronomical cleanup expense of the toxins saturating the Omaha area, the federal government decided to evacuate much of the city and surrounding areas. In an attempt to appease the resulting public outcry, the government unveiled plans for testing a new environmental enclosure system designed by Zuni Franklin and Greg Passio from the recently formed Institute of Global Design. Franklin and Passio’s designs outlined the experimental enclosure system, which would “protect at-risk inhabitants from the toxins released during the Great Flood of 2011.” (“Governmental Activities Overview”) Franklin and Passio’s designs were brilliant but modest. The first enclosure, small by current standards, was designed to house only 50,000 inhabitants, and occupied a mere 16,000m2. Halliburton was awarded key parts of the enclosure construction because, as the Bush administration pointed out, their heavy equipment was already onsite. After the Omaha enclosure’s initial completion in 2014, the government was inundated with requests for entry into the enclosure, aptly named “Nebraskarium.” Indeed, many of the requests came from concerned individuals living in other parts of America. Between 2014 and 2016, the additional “mega” floods and storms, along with the continued reduction of environmental standards to support escalated wartime production and activities, resulted in a substantial increase in toxin releases to the United States’ environment. As a response, the federal government expanded Nebraskarium to house 120,000 people, and initiated eight additional enclosure projects. By the Enclosure Act of 2026, Nebraskarium had expanded to house 1,350,000 inhabitants, occupying 435,000m2. (“Governmental Activities Overview”) The Enclosure Act of 2026 After the turn of the century, foreign wars dominated America’s economic and political efforts. Superfund, the primary American program tasked with cleaning up industry’s mistakes, took a back seat to the ceaseless cycle of foreign wars. Wartime production, ever-shrinking oil interests, and cronyism each played a role in crippling Superfund. Without Superfund, poisonous sites grew to encompass all major population centers in America, sending city dwellers to the safety of the enclosures. Indeed, other countries tended to follow America’s lead, allowing their own toxic industries to strangle their population centers. Continued negligence on the part of the American Old Government paved the way for the enactment of the Enclosure Act of 2026. The Old Government repeatedly and successfully suppressed many of the most respected voices of warning, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s annual Report on the Environment. As a result, many industrial toxins and wastes were left in the earth, air, and water. Mounting exposure to these industrial toxins caused many aggressive cancers and chronic diseases in people – especially children. These conditions, exacerbated by the Great Floods of the late 2000’s, led to the first enclosure in Omaha, Nebraska. The foundations of the current enclosure system were soon built as conditions worsened around America. Millions escaped the toxic Wilds – a poisoned environment caused by a poisoned Old Government.
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