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         To The
Canadian Defensive Pistol
   Certificate Course
This course is designed to help
 candidates develop necessary
 skills/knowledge to engage in CDP
 activities in a safe and competent
All candidates will accept and adhere to
 principals of this shooting sport as
 defined in IDPA manual and rule book
 This portion of the course will
include lecture, discussion, and
      dry fire practice only.
1. Successful candidates will have the skill set
   to compete safely & competently
2. Candidates will have a working knowledge of
   rules, regulations & procedures for CDP
3. Candidates will understand scoring system
4. Part of skill set will be drawing a firearm
   from concealed carry, using cover &
   engaging targets on the move
5. Candidates will learn how to deal with the
   challenges of simulated real life scenarios
6. Candidates will learn how to do tactical
   reloads and reloads with retention.
1.    Background on CDP
2.    Structure of CDP
3.    Principals
4.    Rules & procedures
5.    Scoring
6.    Range Commands
7.    Equipment
8.    Safety
9.    Shooting Basics
10.   Dry fire skill building
11.   Malfunctions
12.   Live fire skill building
13.   Stages
                 Here’s What We
                 Are Going To Do

1. Cover in class all topics excluding live fire
2. Class time, with break should run 3 ½
3. Facilities, breaks, lunch, etc.
4. All participants will be safely handling
   firearms prior to live fire drills

Your attitude will determine your altitude, or
 in this case, your competence.
We recognize that everyone here is familiar
 with handguns and probably have some
 well-developed skills, however, we ask you
 to set aside any preconceived ideas and
 maintain an open mind throughout the
 duration of this course.
               We Recommend:

•   Listen
•   Observe
•   Forget what you know
•   Determine what you don’t know

With the right approach on your part we
 guarantee you will be shooting at a new
 level before the course ends.
              Background One
• This course is modeled on the Black Badge
  Course but incorporates many of the
  defensive pistol actions & concepts not
  necessarily part of the IPSC Course.
• The rules of CDP with some exceptions are
  modeled on the IDPA concepts.
• The IDPA rule book (public domain) is
  freely available at (80
               Background Two
• This is a competitors course for club level
• Most club level match organizers should
  accept it for CDP, PPC & IPSC matches
• All CDP matches at any level will recognize
  & accept it.
• Some clubs in U.S. will accept it.
• For U.S. sanctioned matches you would
  need to join IDPA U.S.
              Background Three
• The defensive pistol concept was
  developed by a breakaway group of
  individuals in the U. S. who saw the need
  for a more practically oriented discipline.
• CDP is a group within CSSA that has
  adopted & adapted that concept to the
  Canadian scene.
1. Create level playing field for all competitors, testing skill &
   ability rather than equipment or gamesmanship
2. Promote safe and proficient use of guns and equipment suitable
   for self-defense
3. Offer a competition forum for shooters using standard factory
   produced service pistols
4. Provide practical and realistic courses of fire that simulate a
   potentially life threatening encounter or that tests skills that
   would be required to survive a life threatening encounter
5. Provide a shooting sport that is responsive to shooters &
   sponsors with unprecedented stability of equipment rules
6. Offer a practical shooting sport that allows the competitors to
   concentrate on shooting skills and fellowship with like-minded
5 Divisions:
•    Stock Service Pistol (SSP): Double Action/Safe Action factory
     service pistols such as Glock, Beretta, S&W, Ruger, and Browning
     & Sig
•    Enhanced Service Pistol (ESP): Single action 9mm/. 38 Super/40
     Cal service pistols such as the Browning HP, CZ 75, EAA Witness,
     and 1911 pattern pistols
•    Custom Defensive Pistol (CDP): 1911 45 cal single stack & high
     capacity pistols such as the Para-Ordnance, STI/SVI, and Lock
     20/21. There are many 1911 style pistols that can be used
     competitively in this division with little or no custom work..
•    Enhanced Service Revolver (ESR): Any revolver of 9mm (.355 or
     larger) using rimmed cartridges with a safe power factor of 165,000
     and with a barrel length of 4.3 inches or less, 5” or 6” in Canada
•    Stock Service Revolver (SSR): Pretty well all-stock service
     revolvers 38Spc & up generating 125,000-muzzle velocity. S & W
     Model 66,686 or Ruger GP-100
                HOW IT WORKS
• None of the divisions compete against each
• Pistols will be classified first by action, and
   then by calibre
• Any pistol used in SSP can be used in ESP
   or CDP depending on calibre.
• All pistols with empty magazine inserted
   must fit in a box 8 ¾ x 6 x 1 5/8
• See handout for complete description of
   each division.
5 Classifications:
•   Master         85 - 100%
•   Expert         70 - 84.9%
•   Sharpshooter 55 - 69.9%
•   Marksman       40 - 54.9%
•   Novice         under 40%
•   Shooter classification is very easy in defensive
    pistol. Simply shoot the 90 round classifier match
    and your classified on the spot.
•   Shooters compete against shooters using the same
    or similar handguns and also at comparable skill
                 Scoring One
• Scoring based on the Vickers points down
  system. Designed to reward accuracy
  rather than speed.
• Any shot requiring a close look is
  automatically credited to the next higher
• Scoring plugs & overlays are not used.
                  Scoring Two
• To score Vickers count take the raw time to
  shoot a string and ½ sec penalty for every
  point down
• Add any applicable penalties to get final
             Easy Way to Score
•   Record raw time from timer
•   Count the misses
•   Multiply misses by 5 points down
•   Add # of points down from remaining shots
•   Add total point down & multiply by ½ sec.
•   Add 3 sec for any procedural penalties
•   Add raw time to converted points down &
    applicable penalties for final score
Mandatory Event Rules - Safety - Have Fun

Safety will be covered in much greater detail

Match Procedurals & Rules:
• Safe muzzle Direction, always down range,
  may exceed 180 depending on range
  layout and authorization.
Procedural errors: 3-second penalty.
• 1st finger in trigger guard violation
• Not using cover properly 50% rule
• Not reloading as required
• Not drawing from concealment as required
• Not shooting while moving as required
• Not following other course of fire rules as
Failure to do Right           20 second penalty
• Any attempt to circumvent or compromise the
  spirit of any stage by the use of inappropriate
  devices, equipment, or techniques.
• Firing extra rounds so you can reload at a better
• Purposely committing a procedural error to
  improve your score.
• Not reloading to fire one more round because
  your score will be better, even with a miss.
Hits on Non-threat targets 5 sec penalty
• Only one penalty per target.
• If round goes through a non-threat and hits
  a threat target count the hit and the one

Failure to Neutralize         5 sec penalty
• Target scores less than 4 points
Match Disqualification:
• Endangering another person
• Violating muzzle direction rule
• Handling loaded firearm when not on active
  firing line
• Dropping a loaded firearm
• Second finger warning
• Unsportsmanlike conduct
• Premature, unsafe shot (more later)
                   Minimum Power Floors
•   Stock Service Pistol        125,000 (bullet wt x muzzle vel.)

•   Enhanced Service Pistol     125,000 (   Same )

•   Custom Defensive Pistol     165,000 (   Same )

•   Enhanced Service Revolver   165,000 (   Same )

•   Stock Service Revolver              125,000 (    Same )
1. Safety glasses
2. Hearing protection
3. Handgun 9mm (.355 dia.) caliber or larger
4. Holsters
5. Belt
6. Magazines (3)
7. Pouches (1)
8. Timer
9. Chronograph
                The Vital Four ACTS of
                    Firearm Safety

A ssume every firearm is loaded
C ontrol the muzzle direction at all times
Trigger finger must be kept off the trigger
   and outside the trigger guard

S ee that the firearm is unloaded – PROVE it safe
P oint the firearm in the safest possible direction
R emove all cartridges
O bserve the chamber
V erify the feed path
E xamine the bore
• Finger off trigger anchored to frame unless shooting
• Firearms may only be handled at Safety Area or on
  active firing line
• No ammo at Safety Area
• All uncasing/casing is done at Safety Area
• Firearms are carried in holster stage to stage,
  unloaded, hammer down, no magazines inserted
• Eye & ear protection must be worn while on range
• Under no circumstances may firearm be handled in
  any fashion outside the Safety Area without express
  permission of Range Safety Officer
                Range Commands
•   Range is hot
•   Load & Make Ready
•   Shooter Ready
•   Standby
•   Unload & Show Clear
•   Slide Down or Cylinder closed
•   Hammer down
•   Holster
•   Range is Safe
         Safety Issue Commands
• Yell “finger” for trigger guard violation
• Yell “muzzle” for muzzle approaching
  safety point
• Yell “stop” for gross unsafe action or
• Yell “cover” for failure to maintain cover
                     Load & Make Ready
From the active firing line, facing downrange shooter:
• Unholsters pistol
• Immediately points it downrange with strong hand on grip & finger
   outside trigger guard
• Inserts a magazine with 1 round
• Locks elbow, with arm extended, muzzle downrange
• Turns pistol slightly horizontal (toward weak side)
• Pinches slide between thumb & index finger of weak hand using the
   rearmost slide serrations
• With a push/pull motion assertively pulls back the slide all the way and
   releases it so that the cartridge in the magazine is chambered, always
   pointing down range.
• Immediately applies safety
• Removes empty magazine and stores in pocket or drops it.
• Inserts full charged magazine, keeping trigger finger outside trigger
• Holsters pistol, always with the safety applied.
                     Unload & Show Clear
With a Pistol
• Point pistol downrange with strong hand, trigger finger outside trigger guard
• Remove the magazine
• Drop magazine or put somewhere other than a pouch. Do not try to hold in
   other hand
• Move safety off.
• Extend arm, pointing pistol downrange.
• With weak hand, pinch rear slide serrations with thumb & first finger
• Pull slide back sharply to eject chambered live round to ground.
• Hold slide open until RSO inspects firearm by locking the slide back as
• Turn slightly sideways and with pistol always pointing downrange, cup weak
   hand on slide, making sure to never pass hand in front of muzzle, then shift
   right hand so thumb is under slide-lock, exerting slight upwards pressure,
   rack slide rearward with push/pull movement until slide locks back into
• Shooter stands for inspection, facing downrange with pistol pointing
   downrange, trigger finger always well outside the trigger guard, magazine out
   slide locked back, chamber exposed to view for RSO
              Unload & Show Clear

With a revolver:
• Take the finger out of the trigger guard
• Press cylinder latch, open & dump
  cartridges on the ground
• Continue to face downrange with cylinder
  open for inspection, always with finger well
  outside trigger guard and muzzle
                 Clear, hammer down, holster
With a semiautomatic:

•   Always with finger outside the trigger guard
•   With slide locked, extend the pistol to arms length and apply the pinch grip at
    the back of the slide
•   Let the slide down easily, retaining the pinch grip until the action is closed
•   With the pistol always pointing downrange & into the backstop, press the
    trigger so that the hammer falls. If through inadvertence, there is a cartridge
    in the chamber, it will be discharged in a safe direction downrange. This will
    immediately draw attention to the inadvertence without danger. The hammer
    must be dropped by pressing the trigger so if there is a cartridge in the
    chamber it will be discharged. This ensures there is no possibility that a
    pistol will be holstered with a live cartridge in the chamber.
•   Holster an empty pistol (always be careful with muzzle direction, never point
    the muzzle back to find the holster) Keep the muzzle downrange and bring
    the pistol back until the muzzle will drop into the holster in a forward motion
    and then insert into the holster.
•   Same for revolver
                         Shooting Basics
1.  Stance : Weaver
2.  Grip
3.  Draw
4.  Clearing Holster
5.  Push/Punch
6.  Sight
7.  Sight Alignment & trigger control
8.  Safety remains on until both hands have come together and the pistol
    is being pushed out towards the target.
9. It is only after the safety has been wiped off that the trigger finger
    comes in contact with the trigger and starts to take up pressure.
10. Shooter must learn acceptable sight picture for target distance, keep
    strong hand grip relaxed enough to provide good trigger control.
11. Constant dry fire practice will help. For dry fire practice remove ammo,
    magazine, and firing pin
                     Dry Fire Practice
• No live ammo
• Practice basic commands
•            Load & Make Ready
•            Unload & Show Clear
• Practice Draw
• Practice Holstering
• Practice magazine Changes
• Each candidate must demonstrate these procedures
  safely before moving on to live fire.
• Ideal location for dry fire practice is at the firing line.
• Dry fire practice can also be used during the day if
  some new skill is introduced or if a previously taught
  skill needs reinforcing.
•   Failure to Fire
•   Failure to Eject/Stovepipe
•   Failure to Extract or Double Feed
•   Hangfires
•   Misfires
•   Squib Loads
                 Failure to Fire
Caused by failure to properly seat the mag.

Solution : Whack – Rack – Bang

1. Whack the magazine
2. Rack the pistol
3. Fire
          Failure to Eject/Stovepipe
Usually caused by a weak grip on the pistol

Solution : Grab – Pull – Release – Fire

1. Slide hand over top of pistol, grabbing the shell
   and slide at the same time
2. Pull back, cycling the slide and removing empty
   at the same time
3. Let slide slam forward
4. Continue firing
               Failure to Extract or
                   Double Feed
1. Lock slide back
2. Remove magazine
3. Rack slide several times to clear ammo
4. Re-insert magazine
5. Release slide
6. Continue firing
At all times, finger must be off the trigger,
    and muzzle must point down range.

So unusual that we treat it as a misfire.

Unusual, but it can happen.
1. Rack slide to eject unfired round
2. Make sure magazine is fully seated.
3. Continue shooting
                   Squib Load
Very dangerous as you now have a bullet
  lodged in your barrel.
Always identified as a psst or puff with no
  noticeable recoil.
Cease shooting immediately, notify Safety
  Officer if a STOP or CEASE FIRE hasn’t
  already been called
Follow the Safety Officer’s directions
                         Live Fire Stages
Stage 1
• Distance 7 meters, open time, 1 target, 6 rounds, start hands at sides
• Draw & fire 1 round, repeat 6 times
Stage 2
• Distance 7 meters, time 2 sec., 1 target, 6 rounds, start hands at
• Draw & fire 1 round 6 times.
Stage 3
• Distance 7 meters, timed 3.5 sec., 1 target, 12 rounds, start hands at
• Draw & fire 2 rounds, repeat 6 times, 12 hits 6 center shots
Stage 4
• Distance 7 meters, draw & fire one shot strong hand only, repeat 6
                     Live Fire Stages
Stage 5
• Distance 7 meters, remove pistol from holster, transfer to
  weak hand and fire 1 shot. Repeat 6 times.
Stage 6
• 7 meters, draw, fire 2 shots right hand only, repeat 3
Stage 7
• 7 meters, remove pistol from holster, transfer to weak
  hand and fire 2 shots. Repeat 3 times.
Stage 8
• 7 meters, draw & fire 2 shots. Repeat three times
                     Live Fire Stages
Stage 9
• 7 meters, draw & fire 2 shots in 3 sec. Repeat 3 times
Stage 10
• 10 meters. Draw & fire 2 shots in 4 sec. . Repeat 3 times.
Stage 11
• 15 meters, 1 target, draw and fire I shot in 3 sec. Repeat
  6 times Move out to 20 meters and repeat.
Stage 12
• 10 meters, 2 targets, draw & fire 2 rounds per target,
  reload with retention and fire 2 more rounds per target,
  repeat twice.16 rounds.
                     Live Fire Stages
Stage 13
• 7 meters, 2 shots, tactical reload 2 shots 1 target repeat 3
  times each string in 6 sec. 12 rounds.

Stage 14
• 7 meters, open time, 3 targets, 6 rounds. Start with hands
  at sides
• Draw and start moving. While moving engage targets with
  1 round, left to right, and repeat moving right to left
• Trigger must be out of trigger guard unless engaging the
  target, and muzzle must be down range at all times
                    Live Fire Stages
Stage 15
• Distance 10 meters, open time, 6 rounds, 1 target. Start
  with hands at sides
• Draw and begin moving toward target, engaging target as
  you move.
• At the 5 meter distance, stop, apply safety reload, and
• On command, begin to carefully move backwards,
  engaging target with 6 more rounds as you move.
                          Live Fire Stages
Stage 16
• 7 meters, 3.5 sec., 1 target, 6 rounds. Start hands at sides
• Pistol concealed by jacket/vest. Draw, fire 2 rounds. Repeat 3 times

Stage 17
• 15 meters, 3.5 sec., 1 target, 12 rounds
• Start hands at sides, draw, fire 2 rounds.
• Repeat 6 times

Stage 18
•   10 meters, draw kneel, behind barrier engage targets 1, 2 & 3 with 2
    rounds each in tactical sequence. Repeat from left side of barricade.
                     Live Fire Stages
Stage 19
• 20 meters, draw, kneel & fire 6 rounds, no repeat
Stage 20
• 20 meters, draw, kneel, move to prone, engage target
  with 6 rounds Discuss if conditions not feasible.
Stage 21
• 7 meters, turn right, draw & fire 2 shots, repeat 3 times &
  repeat on left turn
Stage 22
• Facing up range turn engage 3 targets, 2 shots each &
  from slide lock reload and engage same 3 targets 2 shots.
                     Live Fire Stages

1. Any or all of these stages can have draw from
2. Time permitting, it is ideal to set up a mini match to help
   reinforce the newly learned skills and information
        As facilitators we want to
• If the learning objectives have been met
• If the desired change in skill or knowledge
  actually occurred
• If participants are able to apply new
• How the course can be improved
• How we, as facilitators, can improve our
  own performance
• Was the content relevant?
                David Burke
    National CDP Coordinator & Instructor

Requests for Instructor Courses should be directed to David Burke
  (800) 721-3109
        Canadian Shooting Sports
          7 Director Court, Unit 106, Vaughan, Ont. L4L 4S5

Phone : 905-265-0692
Fax : 905-265-9794
E-mail :
Toll Free : 1-888-873-4339
Website :

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