Options Final 2004 by maclaren1


									                             Westside Center for Independent Living, Inc.

                                  C E L E B R A T I N G                    I N D E P E N D E N C E

Vol. 19, No. 2                                                                                    SUMMER/FALL 2006

                     M.A. JONES              Systems Change Advocacy-What is it?
                     Executive Director

                     Have you ever            Centers mean is to compare Systems universal design principles so they are
                     noticed how cer-         Change Advocacy to Individual “visitable” and easy to adapt in the
                     tain phrases or          Advocacy so here are some examples. future.
acronyms have different meanings for
                                              Individual Advocacy: Train 10 stu-       Many people seem to believe that sys-
different individuals or groups
                                              dents with disabilities to advocate for  tems change is not something that they
depending on their background, expe-
                                              themselves.                              can work on locally - that systems
riences, etc.? For example, when I refer
                                              Systems Change Advocacy: Self-advo-      change can only happen in Sacramento
to the ADA, I mean the Americans
                                              cacy education becomes part of the       or Washington. Yet change, real change
with Disabilities Act. If you hear den-
                                              school curriculum.                       in people's day to day life, is experi-
tists use the acronym ADA, I’d wager
                                                                                       enced in communities. Real change
they are referring to the American            Individual Advocacy: Assist one per-
                                                                                       often starts at the grass roots level.
Dental Association.                           son to get a Braille Printer.
                                              Systems Change Advocacy: The When we work on change at the sys-
So when a colleague said to me, “You
                                              Independent Living Center (ILC) and tems level, we change things for every-
know, not everybody knows what you
                                              consumer advocates convince the local one who is in the same situation. This
mean when you start talking about
                                              library to buy a Braille printer for use means that in helping people, we don't
Systems Change Advocacy,” I had to
                                              by the public.                           help them one by one. That is, howev-
acknowledge she was probably right. I
                                                                                       er, how systems change can begin. If
decided to first try doing a little           Individual Advocacy: Assist a person
                                                                                       you have a problem, chances are that
Internet research for a Systems Change        who is deaf to get interpreter services
                                                                                       other people who are in a similar situ-
Advocacy definition. The result was           at a health center.
                                                                                       ation are also likely to be experiencing
amazing—over        300,000     sources       Systems Change Advocacy: ILC and
                                                                                       the same problem. When you find a
popped up. There were some common             consumer advocates provide training
                                                                                       way to make a change that permanent-
themes but there were also things I           to health center staff on how to provide
                                                                                       ly helps everyone who is in a similar
would never dream could result from           appropriate accommodations to peo-
                                                                                       situation, then you are working on sys-
such a search.                                ple who are deaf or hard of hearing.
                                                                                       tems change.
In the simplest terms, systems change         Individual Advocacy: One Habitat for
                                                                                       Got a problem with a particular sys-
is a change in a system that affects          Humanity is built to be accessible for
                                                                                       tem? Call WCIL to learn more about
many people. Doesn’t help much,               one family.
                                                                                       systems change and what you can do
does it? I believe the best way to            Systems Change Advocacy: All Habitat
                                                                                       about it.
explain what Independent Living               for Humanity Homes are built using

          Monday, November 13, 2006
  At the 9th Annual WCIL Charity Golf Tournament

                     Title Sponsors:
       Wells Fargo Foothill and Southern California Edison

            Information: Robin at 310-568-0107 X 14
Page 2

                    The Best: The Sometimes Enemy of The Better
                                                     By Myron Davis
      (Myron Davis has been a dedicated staff member in          support which included the California League of Women
the Resource Development Office of WCIL for four years.          Voters. The California League of Women Voters statement
He holds a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Virginia Tech     stated that “all-mail voting shows that it can increase
and loves the arts.)                                             turnout as much as 15 percent because it removes barriers
On an election day I enjoy going to my polling place and that keep voters from getting to a polling place on Election
casting my vote. I feel empowered because I am doing my Day.”
civic duty and the feeling at the polls is usually jovial. At first (and second) glance I saw vote by mail (VBM) as a
Almost nothing I do gives me a greater sense of being an positive for people in the disability community, especially
American citizen than putting that ballot in a box.              those with physical disabilities. Then, I saw that CFILC
But, there is an alternative that until lately I had not consid- (California Foundation for Independent Living Centers)
ered seriously—voting by mail. I will not be in town when was in opposition to the measure. CFILC sites various
the November election takes place, so for the first time I will philosophical and practical reasons for its opposition, but
be doing an absentee ballot. I first really started to hear the crux of the argument centers on protecting the rights of
more about absentee ballots after coming to WCIL and those with visual disabilities. By having a paper ballot
hearing about its use among persons with disabilities.           there is a lack of compliance with the HAVA (Help
                                                                 Americans Vote Act) and the ADA. Personally, as an ILC
In a recent press release by California Secretary of State staff member and member of an ethnic minority group, I
Bruce McPherson, he certified the vote for the most recent understand the need to protect minority rights, but are we
June 2006 primary. In detailing voter turnout figures, the attacking “the better” because it is not “the best”?
following paragraph is presented:
                                                                 Maybe 100% voting by mail won’t completely address the
“The 33.6% statewide turnout [of registered voters] repre- needs of the disability community, but why not come up
sents 5,269,142 total ballots cast. Of that total, 2,471,358 with compromises and new thinking as some county elec-
votes were cast by absentee ballot, which represents 46.9% tion officials have tried? For example, San Mateo County in
of the votes cast. “                                             California, in cooperation with the local disability commu-
                                                                 nity, set up nine universal voting centers (UVCs) close to
Oregon has had all mail balloting since 1998. In a subse-
                                                                 public transit lines for greater access by the disability com-
quent study in 2003, political scientist, Priscilla L.
                                                                 munity. These UVCs were open two weeks in advance of
Southwell at the University of Oregon conducted a study
                                                                 the June Primary to allow even greater access and conven-
that showed roughly 81% of Oregon voters preferred vot-
                                                                 ience. There could be essentially a 98% vote by mail with
ing by mail over precinct voting. Washington state has all
                                                                 the UVCs available for anyone who wishes to use them.
mail ballots in most of its 39 counties as well. Also, elec-
                                                                 One disturbing figure that came out of the UVC experiment
tions costs are one third to one half the regular costs. This
                                                                 was that of the more than 350,000 registered voters in San
reduction in cost comes from not having polling places and
                                                                 Mateo County only 430 voters visited the sites.
the many administrative costs associated with the polling
process such as recruitment, training, sending notices, etc. Now, we are interested in your feedback, because only
Imagine the impact if our many, thankfully, civic-minded you—by voting, by voicing your opinion to your elected
poll workers were to re-channel their efforts into voter reg- officials, by informing groups that advocate like us, by
istration.                                                       advocating yourself—can help to improve the system.
                                                                 Potentially more important than what the government does
In researching this article I found two recent attempts to
                                                                 to address our issues is what we are doing ourselves. And
allow some counties in California to conduct all mail ballots
                                                                 the San Mateo experiment shows no one can disenfranchise
for voting. AB 707, the most recent, was officially support-
                                                                 you more readily than yourself. Are you voting? Are there
ed by California Common Cause, California State
                                                                 barriers to your voting? What are your concerns? Let us
Association of Counties and Regional Council of Rural
                                                                 know. This newsletter is as much an extension of our
Counties, with no opposition listed. The predecessor to AB
                                                                 organization as it is an extension of you.
707, AB 867, which was vetoed by the governor, had similar

                           WCIL Staff Cartoonist
                         As told by the Cartoonist…
Nola Frame-Gray started drawing when she was five— in the States. Indeed, at one time and with her permission,
once she figured out that if you put a circle on top of a tri- one of her cartoon strips was translated and published in
angle you have a person!                                       German! (Nola was miffed that her “toon” characters could
                                                               speak in a tongue that she could not.)
Over the years Nola’s drawing style has not changed
despite years of taking art classes in secondary and high
                                                               When Nola is not busy drawing cartoons upon request, she
school. Her style is called, “Being too near-sighted to draw can be seen caring for one husband, one cat, and one stub-
anything except a caricature.”                                 born, recalcitrant switchboard…though not necessarily in
Her cartoons have been published overseas as well as here that order.
                                                                                                                      Page 3

                           WHO SEEK GOVERNMENT BENEFITS
    As seen by David Serbin, Staff Advocate for Benefits         when the task might actually take longer in a given
    The next five years will bring dizzying changes to the       case. In the past, time-per-task “standards” (as delin-
    various government benefits programs that affect             eated in the Manual of Policies and Procedures)
    people with disabilities.                                    applied only to a limited number of categories (e.g.,
                                                                 domestic services, laundry, shopping), but now,
    Foremost among them is the increasing emphasis on            unfortunately, will be applied across the board. It will
    automation. Consumers will be encouraged to apply            become harder for consumers to refute an IHSS
    for benefits, not in person, but by telephone and e-         assessment, because the IHSS Social Worker will
    mail. Because the Social Security Administration is          simply state “these are the standards” and the con-
    downsizing, there will be less claims representatives        sumer may not understand that these “standards” are
    available to answer questions or otherwise interact          really only guidelines and therefore challengeable.
    directly with the consumer. Appeals will be handled
                                                                 Moving to Medi-Cal, we are soon arriving at the time
    electronically, and face-to-face hearings will decrease
                                                                 that ALL people with disabilities who qualify for Medi-
    in frequency. The new emphasis will be on video
                                                                 Cal will be forced to join HMO’s in order to get their
    Hearings. For instance, Judges from one part of the
                                                                 medical care. This is a national trend, done for cost-
    country will hold hearings for consumers on the other
                                                                 cutting purposes. Currently, many people on Medi-Cal
    side of the country through the medium of closed-cir-
                                                                 have a choice as to whether to join an HMO or not.
    cuit television. This development will almost certainly
                                                                 That option is expected to disappear. Many people
    result in increasing denials of claims, particularly for
                                                                 with disabilities have had unfortunate experiences
    those consumers with mental disabilities whose dis-
                                                                 with HMO’s in the past, and hence do not want to
    abilities are not as readily seen on a TV screen as in
                                                                 have to join any HMO. HMO’s are not particularly
    person. (Social Security Administration has made it
                                                                 equipped to handle the often-complex needs of peo-
    clear that cost is an issue, and what better way to
                                                                 ple with disabilities.
    reduce costs?!)
                                                                 There is positive news on the horizon, however. Both
    County Department of Public Social Services
                                                                 the state and the federal government are pushing new
    Hearings will also change: less emphasis will be given
                                                                 programs to encourage people with disabilities to
    to face-to-face Hearings, and more emphasis will be
                                                                 enter the work force. Foremost among them is the
    given to telephone Hearings (video Hearings are not
                                                                 Medi-Cal 250% working disabled program, which is a
    expected to be put into place due to the high cost rel-
                                                                 radical departure from the standard needs-based pro-
    ative to telephone Hearings). But the result will still be
                                                                 gram. All needs-based programs have tended to
    detrimental to consumers, since Judges will not see
                                                                 restrict their coverage to people who have limited
    them face-to-face.
                                                                 resources. But under the 250% program, someone
    It is a well-known fact that when adjudicators can           can qualify for Medi-Cal even if they have saved up
    meet with consumers face-to-face, the allowance rate         tens of thousands of dollars in IRA’s or other qualified
    on claims is much higher. (Compassion is more likely         retirement programs. This is truly revolutionary, and
    to be triggered when you can see someone face to             illustrates the government’s commitment to get peo-
    face).                                                       ple back to work. More such programs should be
    Within the IHSS (In Home Supportive Services pro-            encouraged.
    gram), expect to see a reduction in the average hours        One last word about benefits: currently, someone who
    awarded per assessment. The State Dept of Health             qualifies for Social Security Disability Benefits is
    Services will soon be implementing time-per-task             obliged to wait two years until their MediCare cover-
    guidelines for all personal care hours. Previously,          age starts. Please write your Congressperson or
    assessments were made, and hours awarded, on a               Senator and ask them to support legislation to elimi-
    strictly individual-need basis. But now those assess-        nate this waiting period. Too many people who are
    ments will be done using time-per-task guidelines or         awarded Social Security Disability Insurance benefits
    “standards,” so that, for instance, someone with mul-        go without necessary health care because they have
    tiple sclerosis, of a certain degree of severity, might      no health insurance. And this at a time when they
    expect to get only one hour per week for dressing,           have become newly disabled!

                                                                 communicate with each other is using Listserv to exchange
CAP and Listserv                                                 ideas and discuss issues. Examples using Listserv include
                                                                 angles on how to approach the Department of
Working for you                                                  Rehabilitation for a consumer’s modified vehicle request,
By Jennifer Glick, Staff Advocate CAP                            up-to-date changes in legislation and information about the
                                                                 Rehabilitation Services Administration. This way CAP
WCIL is home to one of 56 CAP (Client Assistance                 advocates gain from each other’s prior experience to better
Programs) nationwide. The primary way CAP advocates              serve you.
Page 4

                            Gala Anniversary Lunch

  Ruth Kraft, guest of Honor and Angel honoree      Phyllis Wiseman, Associate Steering Committee                Betty Deutsch between Ricardo and Trini Abellan

        Ruth March between Rosa Stolkin and                           Charlotte Rae and Carl Reiner                Katharine and Leonard Roller with Dascha Auerbach Stuart
            granddaughter Leslie Adams

   Ruth Tober, Marcia Solomon and Dione Fenning             Al Kallis and nephew, Shaun, video taped the event    Corporate Award honoree, Don Olender with presenter, Stan

    WCIL Executive Director, Mary Ann Jones with                                Rita Lear                                        Elka Weiner and Carol Cohen
          Associate Director Aliza Barzilay

    Jack Soll, Laura Schultz and Judge Joel Rudof                             Chelsea Deng                              Robin Druyen, Audrey Parker and Karen Tendler
                                                                                                                                                               Page 5

 Celebrates 30 Years

         Gary Miller, Wendy Jones and Don Jones                  Marjorie Fasman and Suzie Levin                           Dana Kraft Kitaj and Stan Johnson

 WCIL Volunteers, Judith Holtz, Samatha Renteria, Angela           Al Strong and Stan Johnson                                 Ken Floyd and Don Olender
         Fleck and Comptroller, Val Westreicher

 Myron Davis and Dascha Auerbach Stuart greeting guests    Susan Chalek, Trudy Kallis and nephew, Shaun                         Laura Schultz and guest

                  Guests are all smiles                        Mary Bloomberg and Mary Ann Jones                 Ken Floyd and Tatiana Shevchuk of Wells Fargo Foothill

The Westside Center for Independent Living celebrated its Pearl                    Golf Tournament and is a man committed to good deeds to better the
Anniversary with a lovely Lunch Party and Silent Auction at the Luxe               lives of others. The room sparkled with the beautiful potted African vio-
Hotel in Brentwood. The event hosted by the WCIL Board                                          lets and Dutch iris centerpieces by Phyllis Wiseman with the
and the WCIL Associates Steering Committee was                                                        purple theme carrying through to the lavender goody
attended by more than 190 guests and included                                                           bags donated by Dascha Auerbach Stuart and
many Associates and friends along with WCIL                                                             Katharine and Leonard Roller. A special gift
Board members, and Wells Fargo Foothill honoree                                                         arranged by Dascha Auerbach Stuart is the dona-
Don Olender and guests.                                                                                tion by Al Kallis of a video tape of the event. Phyllis
                                                                                                      Cohen and Barbara Gordon successfully chaired the
Highlighting the event was the presentation of the Angel
                                                                                   Silent Auction raising funds for the WCIL mission of helping people with
Award to WCIL Associate Ruth Kraft for her outstanding volunteer work
                                                                                   disabilities achieve and maintain an independent life style.
and generous spirit of caring for others throughout the community by
her great friend, Carl Reiner, and the presentation by Stan Johnson to             As the guests left, they each received a potted African violet plant and
the Corporate Award honoree, Don Olender of Wells Fargo Foothill,                  a lavender goody bag. All in all a beautiful party celebrating 30 years of
who spurred the yearly WFF sponsorship of the Annual WCIL Charity                  success for a wonderful cause and enjoyed by all.
Page 6

                         Thank you to our Celebration Donors

Annette Ades                         Mrs. Ruth Jameson Fine             Mrs. Sue Lapin                     Mrs. Georgina Rothenberg
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Allen            Mrs. Judy Fishman                  Mrs. Helene Laub                   Judge Joel Rudof
All-Cal Insurance Agency             Mr. and Mrs. John L. Frankel       Mr. Richard Lauter                 Ms. Joan Rush
Jim Andrews                          Friars Charitable Foundation       Mrs. Rita Lear                     Mr. Jorge A. Sandoval
Anonymous                            Mr. and Mrs. Elliott T. Friedman   Dr. Lewis E. Leeburg               Mrs. Carole Schlocker
Connie Austin                        Mrs. Jeanne Friedman               Mrs. Jean Leserman                 Mr. Charles Schneider
Jacqueline Banchik                   Mrs. Ruth Friedman                 Mrs. Paul Leserman                 Ms. Laura Jean Schultz
Denedria Banks                       Mr. Walter Furman                  Bonnie Levin                       Marianne Sfreddo
Charles Schneider and Nancy          Mrs. Robert Garber                 Mrs. Marilyn Levin                 Mrs. Annette Shapiro
       Barrier Schneider             Mrs. Lydia Gindoff                 Mrs. Thomas Levin                  Mr. Leonard Shapiro
Harriet Beck                         Ms. Jennifer Glick                 Mrs. Marcus Loew, II               Ms. Marva Shearer
Anna Benatar                         Ms. Ariette Godges                 Ms. Linda Lucks                    Mr. Stanley R. Sheinbaum
A.E. Benjamin                        Mr. and Mrs. Charles Gold          Mrs. Virginia Mancini              Mrs. Betty Sigoloff
Marilyn Bergman                      Mrs. Harriett Gold                 Ms. Joan Mangum Gold               Mrs. Ellen Simmons
Mrs. Frederick Berne                 Mrs. Mae Goodson                   Mrs. Ruth K. March                 Mrs. Judy Simon
Helen Bing                           Mrs. Barbara Gordon                Mrs. Irene Marlow                  Mrs. Sandy Smalley
Mary Bloomberg                       Mrs. Shirley Gordon                Mrs. Connie Martinson              Mrs. Marilyn G. Sobel
Mrs. Richard Blywise                 Ms. Helene Graham                  MG Skinner & Associates            Mr. Jack N. Soll
Amy Boersma                          Mrs. Fay Bettye Green              Mrs. Alathena Miller               Mrs. Frederick Solomon
Mona Brandler                        Mrs. Audrey Greenberg              Mrs. Joseph Mitchell               SRM Securities
Ruth Brooks                          Ms. Mary Jo Greenberg              Ms. Marlene Morris                 Ms. Jackie Stansbury
Mrs. Marian Brown                    Miriam Groman                      Ms. Sandra E. Morton               Mrs. Corky Stoller
Marilyn Brown                        Ms. Brenda Gross                   Ms. Marcia Mosebay                 Mrs. Dorothy Straus
Ms. Christine Bruner                 Mrs. Harold I. Gross               Mrs. Pamela A. Olender             Ms. Dascha Auerbach Stuart
Sandi Burnett                        Mr. and Mrs. Greg Haeseler         Mr. Armand Oppenheim               Mr. and Mrs. Larry Superstein
Mrs. Jacqueline Cahn                 Ms. Maggie Halmy                   Mrs. Leo Orsten                    Marcella Swarttz
Ann Cane                             Mrs. Claire Hammerman              Mr. Arnold Palmer                  Mrs. Louis Taubman
Elaine Caplow                        Ms. Robin Hargrove                 Ms. Audrey B. Parker               Mr. Allen S. Taylor
Mrs. Susan Chalek                    Mrs. Arlene S. Harris              Ms. Susan Pelosa-Holley            Ms. Mary Thompson
Mrs. Phyllis Cohen                   Mr. Rachford Harris                Mr. and Mrs. John Pennish          Three Sisters Foundation
Lucretia Cole                        Mrs. Lita Heller                   Mrs. Shirley Phillips              Mrs. Ruth Tober
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Colen             Ms. Judith Henning                 Preferred Bank                     Ms. Debora Trickett
Mrs. Robert B. Curland               Ms. Harriet Hochman                Ms. June Pulcini                   Mrs. Lauree Turman
Mr. Trevor Daley                     J & M Janitorial Supplies          Mr. and Mrs. Bruce W. Rabin        Tydak Consulting Services, LLC
Chelsea Deng                         Mrs. Irwin Jameson                 Mrs. Charlotte Rae                 Mr. Thomas Virag
Mrs. Alan Desser                     Mr. Stan Johnson                   Mr. Milton Raymond                 Mr. Fred Waingrow
Mrs. Edgar Diener                    Mrs. Sondra J. Jolles              Mr. and Mrs. Carl Reiner           Mrs. Elka Weiner
Mrs. Al Dorskind                     Mrs. Mary Ann Jones                Mrs. Ralph Reiner                  Mrs. Carla Weingarten
Ms. Barbara Elliott                  Mr. Albert Kallis                  Mr. Gerard Reyes                   Mr. Dan Weiss
Mrs. Harvard Ellman                  Mrs. Jean Katz                     Hon. Vicki Reynolds                Mrs. Joseph Westheimer
Ms. Carolyn Ellner                   Mrs. Carol Katzman                 Mrs. Mitzi Robbins                 Mrs. Misty Widelitz
Mr. and Mrs. Donald Epstein          Mr. Jerry Katzman                  Ms. Hilda Rolfe                    Mrs. Ben Winters
Mrs. Paul Escoe                      Mrs. Joanne Kirshbaum              Julianna Roosevelt                 Mrs. Oscar Wiseman
Mr. Aaron Eshman                     Mrs. Dana Kitaj                    Ms. Betty Rose                     Mrs. Bernice Wolf
Mrs. Lynda Fadel                     Mr. Frederick H. Klunder           Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Rose          Judge Leonard S. Wolf
Mrs. Isadore Familian                Dr. Robert Kotler                  Mrs. Lois Rosen                    Mrs. Jane Wyler
Ms. Ruth Schultz Rudof               Mrs. Helen Kozberg                 Ms. Joyce Reed Rosenberg           Mr. W. Hugh Young
Ms. Diane Feldman                    Mrs. Gilman Kraft                  Mrs. Barbara Rosenstein            Mrs. Allen Ziegler
Mrs. Dione Fenning                   Mrs. Rachel Lapin                  Mrs. Marcia Ross

                                                 SILENT AUCTION DONORS

Adamm’s Stained Glass Gallery        Barbara Gordon                     Le Petit Bistro                     S.T. Tattoo Studio
Jim Andrews                          Robin Hargrove                     Myriame Leviloff                    Diana Santiago
Betsy Barker                         The Humble Abode                   Jorge Lopez                         Simply Sarah
Barrington Court and Beauty          Harari                             Linda Lucks and Michael             See’s Candies
Mrs. Harold Berger                   Lola Jameson                       Rosenfeld                           Shahen for Hair
Beverly Hills Pilates                Stan Johnson                       Messy Baby                          Sarah Shaw
Mario Calagna                        Sondra Jolles                      Claude Morady                       Diana Treister
Candy Bouquet                        Don Jones                          Nic Norman                          Trina Turk
Phyllis Cohen                        Jean and Sid Katz                  Palais de The’                      Estate of Jerry Weiner
Jon Condon Hair                      Dana Kitaj                         PALS                                Valerie – Chez Coiffeur
Dicker and Dicker of Beverly Hills   Barbara Kee Ho                     Paper Trail                         Valerie Westreicher
Sydney Evan                          The Kopelson Clinic Products       Re: Form, A Pilates Studio          Xian Restaurant
Jane Fonda                           The Kraft Family                   Doreen Remo                         Dr. Lewinns
David Geffen                         Steven Kreiss                      Takashi Beauty Salon                PALS
Whoopi Goldberg                      Las Rocas Resort & Spa             Trust of Mrs. Ruth Schultz Rudof    Xian Restaurant
                                                                                                                       Page 7

                                       New faces at WCIL
                     John Bamberg,          Policy Liaison                             Osvaldo Munoz, called Ozzie is the
                     /Systems Change Advocate, decided                                 new part-time Job Developer for the
                     to come to Los Angeles to pursue his                              VIVA Employment Program, and a
                     career in the nonprofit world by utiliz-                          very busy man. When asked about his
                     ing his background in working with                                background, he explained that he had
                     the Department of Rehabilitation in                               last been at Goodwill where he was a
                     Missouri. Aware of the goals of the                               job developer, however his career as a
programs found at independent living centers, he prompt-         job developer spans twenty years. He is presently at
ly responded to a WCIL job description on Craigslist and         Starview Community Services in Torrance where as a case-
as a result was quickly welcomed as the new WCIL Policy          worker he counsels high risk/high need adolescents and a
Liaison on Systems Change. The primary focus of his              high school teacher in Duarte teaching graphic design.
work is in three essential areas: housing, transportation        Ozzie has got to be a sensational teacher because I was
and In-Home Supportive Services (IHSS). Excited by the           ready to join his class when he finished telling me of all the
possibility of positive changes, Bamberg holds monthly           things they learn and do — paint murals and automobiles,
meetings with consumers teaching advocacy skills and             and on including silk-screening.
urging consumers to advocate for themselves and others
                                                                 On the quiet side, Ozzie is married, has two sons (7 and 12)
by forming empowerment teams.
                                                                 and plays soccer and runs cross country. Whew! He
                                                                 added “WCIL is very friendly and all the people help
                                                                 you.” Welcome Ozzie.
                     Val Westreicher, Comptroller, came
                     to WCIL highly recommended by a
                     Certified Public Accountant who was
                                                                                      Jessica Anderson,      Mental Health
                     fully aware of the work ahead for
                                                                                      Advocate comes to us from Daybreak,
                     whoever took the job. Val not only has
                                                                                      where she first entered the nonprofit
                     an impressive resume, she also spot-
                                                                                      world. Jessica is working toward her
                     ted the WCIL needs instinctively.
                                                                                      BA in Social work at the California
Interesting in her background is the combination of for-                              State University of Long Beach.
profit and nonprofit positions. When asked why, she
                                                                                        Raised in Bakersfield, she came to Los
paused, then mused, “I am most in tune with myself at
                                                                 Angeles five years ago with her companion, an LA County
mission-driven nonprofits. And, in its way, WCIL needed
                                                                 deputy sheriff and together they are the proud parents of
most what I have to offer.”
                                                                 three little girls, Jasmine, Samantha, and Alexandra.
As calamities grow, it seems more people are drawn to
                                                                 To date, Jessica has already assisted several consumers in
nonprofits where compassion linked with knowledge has
                                                                 finding housing in Long Beach and Downey. All were
the capacity to make changes and heal the damaged. Val
                                                                 either living on the street or facing homelessness.
follows this personal mission and is working to develop a
nonprofit to provide affordable housing for people with          Jessica reports, “I feel very welcome at WCIL and have
disabilities, the low-income, and homeless in partnership        developed personal relationships with my coworkers.”
with established nonprofits in the Los Angeles area.
When seeking peace and quiet, there is Brianna, an adopt-          Banner Volunteers Needed
ed princess (foundling cat) who rules magnificently at
Val’s condo. But travel is her joy, a gourmet cook, Italy and       Please call 310-568-0107 x14
Austria are major spots. As she says, European countries
because of her background always end up on the itinerary.
Val is also funny, loves the Anaheim Angels and the
Hollywood Bowl.

           By Veronica Addison, WCIL Assistive Technology Coordinator

   KNX recently featured a news story related to seniors        develop their own donated cell phone banks. Now the
   and how they call 911 from donated used cell phones.         program has moved to the Department on Aging where
   WCIL developed this program in 2001/02 with such             they are actively organizing the distribution of donated
   success that they soon were training senior centers to       used cell phones for emergency calls.
Page 8

                                               WCIL GETS A LETTER…
With the gracious permission of Nanette Maynard, we are proud            cialties, but also displayed a warm and positive attitude
to print her letter extolling the depth of service our peer staff pro-   towards me. Consequently, I became hopeful and more at
vide. (Ed. Note: this letter illustrates vividly the value of peer       ease with my situation. These people include a mobility
support, someone who has been there. Fifteen years ago, Thomas           instructor to improve my caning technique and orientation
Olzak was losing his vision and he too sought guidance.)                 processes; and an excellent rehab counselor, who is atten-
                                                                         tive to my present needs, as well as my future needs as a
I want to express my sincere gratitude for the tremendous                blind person. I also received assistance in filling out the
help that I received from Thomas Olzak, Transition Team                  necessary government forms. Any questions I had regard-
Leader, with regard to developing and implementing a                     ing the forms were answered in a courteous, knowledge-
strategy to enable me to once again become a productive,                 able and professional manner.
employable individual, despite my vision impairment.
                                                                         Mr. Olzak also found the time in his busy schedule to peri-
I first met Mr. Olzak about one year ago while using the                 odically advise me on the various types of equipment that
Access Transportation Services. Through the conversations                might be appropriate for use in my college studies and ulti-
that ensued during the rides, I became acquainted with the               mately in my own business. Finally, I appreciated the fact
WCIL program and the benefits that it offered to individu-               that whenever I met with a person regarding my recovery
als striving to remain independent. As a college graduate                process, it was always followed by a phone call from Mr.
working in the exacting field of a pathology laboratory, and             Olzak to assess how the meeting had proceeded. If the
living alone, this informative chance meeting proved to be               information I was provided was confusing or misleading,
a most propitious one for me, as ten months later, in March              or if another person needed to be contacted, Mr. Olzak
2006, I was forced to leave my job of eighteen years due to              would remedy the situation immediately. This follow-up
increased diminishing vision, which prevented me from                    technique was also a means by which I could maintain
performing the various tasks required. Mr. Olzak’s enthu-                some control over my progress; that is, to make choices and
siasm and desire to restructure my life were instrumental in             decisions, to exchange ideas, or to simply express my opin-
transforming my once dismal situation into a plan that                   ions, which were always thoughtfully considered.
would provide me with a gratifying and rewarding future,
even as a blind person.                                                  My future is now on track, thanks to this remarkable man.
                                                                         I am looking forward to attending college and starting my
At our first meeting in his office, Mr. Olzak mapped out a               own business in grant writing. There was a time that I felt
plan focused on my re-entry back into the work force which               this would never be possible for me as a visually impaired
emphasized my college education and work experience. In                  person, but Mr. Olzak has demonstrated to me that any-
order to expedite this plan, so that I would be able to reach            thing is possible with the right help.
my main goal faster, Mr. Olzak put me in touch with vari-
ous key people who were not only proficient in their spe-                Thank you Mr. Olzak, and thank you WCIL.

In memory of Charlotte Chouwaiki
Anna Benatar
                                                    In memory of Paul Escoe
                                                    Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Leserman
                                                                                                WCIL says goodbye to
                                                                                                 Armand Oppenheim
In memory of Mort Flom                              In memory of Helen Levin
Mr. and Mrs. Jerald Davis                           Cathy Penso                                  and Harold Cohen.
In memory of Armand Oppenheim                       In memory of Esther Gollub
Betty Deutsch                                       Ruth Tober                                  Armand Oppenheim died on
Louise Escoe                                                                                    Saturday, July 15 at the age of 92.
WCIL Associates Steering Committee                  In memory of Ben Rosenmayer                 For the past 30 years, Armand
                                                    Ruth Tober                                  Oppenheim has been a generous
In memory of Alan Cohen                                                                         and loyal friend to people with
Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey S. Gilbert                     In memory of Charles Kenis
                                                                                                disabilities. His many friends will
                                                    Louise Escoe
In memory of Harold Cohen                                                                       miss him as will we at WCIL.
Mary Bloomberg,                                     In memory of Hal Coskey
                                                    Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey S. Gilbert             Harold Cohen died quietly at
Myron Davis
Louise Escoe, Robin Hargrove                                                                    home on Saturday, July 24, 2006. A
Daniel Harrison, Dascha Auerbach Stuart             In memory of Aaron “Arty” Levine            longtime power in the entertain-
WCIL Affiliates                                     Ruth Tober                                  ment industry, Cohen was not only
WCIL Boardof Directors                                                                          a noted attorney and talent agent;
                                                    In memory of Shirley Harris                 he also produced a number of hit
In memory of Hans Clapper                           Ruth Tober                                  television shows. His enthusiastic
Shirley Gordon                                      Louise Escoe                                and supportive relationship with
                                                                                                WCIL began when his wife,
                                   TRIBUTES                                                     Phyllis, became an active volun-
In honor of Barbara Lane                         In honor of Janice and Arthur Gerry            teer as a WCIL Affiliate, managing
Mr. and Mrs. Jerald Davis                        Ruth Tober                                     the Clothing Store, and serving as
                                                                                                a Board member. WCIL sends their
In honor of Leonard Stone                        In honor of Charles Gold                       sympathy to Phyllis and the family.
Ruth Tober                                       Ruth Tober
In honor of Mary Davenport
Shelley J. Cohen
                                                                                                               Page 9

                                       Happenings at WCIL

                                                                           WCIL MONTHLY FOCUS GROUPS
“Follow the Trail” Leads to Advocacy
Or...Persistence Pays Off
                                                                        Meet at the WCIL Mar Vista Center
John Bamberg’s assignment at WCIL was to negotiate an agree-
                                                                      12901 Venice Boulevard, LA, CA 90066
ment with the Los Angeles Department of Social Services that
would ease D.I.A.L. consumers’ transition home. D.I.A.L. is the          Schedule may change. For current dates
WCIL program for consumers residing in skilled nursing facilities,         and times, please call 310-390-3611

                                                                     David Serbin - Government benefits and how
convalescent homes, or acute care settings who want and are
ready with the help of In-Home Supportive Services (IHSS) to                to navigate through the system
move out into the world. However, there was a fly in the works                   (3rd Tuesday at 12pm)
                                                                         John Bamberg - Advocacy Action Group
that could literally stop the D.I.A.L. consumer transitions.

Before receiving any IHSS support, the consumer had to be                       (4th Wednesday at 12pm)
assessed by the LA Dept. of Social Services who would deter-               Judith Holtz - Money Management
mine the hours of personal assistance based on the consumer                    (2nd Wednesday at 2:30pm)
disability and needs. This concept seemed straightforward.              Judith Holtz - Peer Support Employment
                                                                          Follow-Up Group. (participants only)
                                                                                 (2nd Tuesday at 2pm)
However, the LA Dept of Social Services refused to visit the con-
sumer until after they had transitioned out of the institution.
This meant that the consumer had to move out without any               Jessica Anderson - Strong Women Support
                                                                                  Group. (women only)
                                                                                (3rd Thursday at 1:30pm)
IHSS. This created an impossible situation. Imagine.
Someone who had been under 24-hour care, sometimes for
years, eagerly moves into their home, and they must face the          Fidel Velenzuela - General Housing Meeting
fact that there is no In-Home Supportive Services for them yet.                  and Computer Search.
                                                                               (4th Monday 10am to 4pm)
John Bamberg was on the scent. The LA Dept of Social
                                                                          Fidel Velenzuela - Roommate Mixer.
                                                                     (2nd and 4th Friday of each month 1:30-3:00pm)
Services had flatly turned down the D.I.A.L. Program staff
requests for assessments in the institutions. Digging deeper,

                                                                       INTERESTED IN NEW
Bamberg found gold—a letter sent by the Deputy Director of the
Disability and Adult Programs Division in 2002 instructing all

County Departments of Social Services and especially the IHSS
Program to conduct in-facility assessments as requested so that
the consumer could be safely discharged to their homes with
                                                                     Before you go on the Web, here are some sug-
proper personal assistance. Armed with this information, John
                                                                     gestions, starting with, always use caution.
secured the support of the (IHSS) Transition Committee to con-
                                                                     Tips: call on your cell phone as opposed to
tact the appropriate persons at the state level to discuss the
                                                                     house line or work line. If you choose to meet,
issue. The IHSS committee was established by WCIL’s DIAL
                                                                     meet in a public place during the daytime.
Project and is responsible for providing support and guidance to
                                                                     (Please let us know of your experiences, past or
the program’s priority areas.
                                                                     present, good or bad.)
With the assistance of Brenda Premo, California Olmstead
                                                                     Friends Like Me: http://www.friendslikeme.org
Advisory Committee chair, and Teddie-Joy Remhild, Personal
                                                                     People with disabilities network for meeting
Assistance Services Council, John was able to secure a meeting
                                                                     friends, making dates, and finding information.
with Cliff Allenby, Interim Director of the California State
Department of Health and Human Services, to discuss possible         Jewish Singles with Special Needs:
solutions to solve the issue. The teleconference resulted in the     http://www.jswsn.org Jewish singles organiza-
original 2002 letter being reissued and placed on the depart-        tion.
ment’s web site. In fact, a follow-up letter was also sent out to
all county welfare directors and IHSS program managers to            Signing Singles – Dating Site for Deaf
ensure no misunderstanding could persist.                            http://www.aslsingles.com

John Bamberg had completed his first task and succeeded.             OPTIONS Editor has listed the above as a serv-
The D.I.A.L. program proceeded smoothly, knowing that the            ice, not as a recommendation or sponsorship
assessment by the Dept. of Social Services would be complet-
ed before any transition took place. The consumer would now
leave the institution fully aware of the hours and benefits that
would be available for a safe return home.
Page 10

                                                                HOPE ON THE HORIZON:
    By Andrea Pulcini (Ms. Pulcini, a graduate of the ly, it costs the taxpayers thousands more to pay for a person
Peer Support and Employment Program, recently joined             in prison than it does if we were to pay for their treatment
the WCIL Resource/ Development Department after assist-          in a community setting.
ing with the LILA Project for three years.)                      Not only does it cost so much to house someone in a correc-
On November 2, 2004 the Mental Health Services Act               tional facility, the mentally ill in these facilities do not get
(MHSA) or Proposition 63 was passed with 53.8% of                the proper treatment that they would otherwise get in the
California voters. The Mental Health Services Act levies an      community mental health system because the prisons do
additional 1% tax on incomes of $1,000,000 or greater to         not use the newer and better medications due to cost. They
fund mental health service programs which began on               use older medications such as Haldol and Thorzine that
January 1, 2005. This tax generates an estimated $70 million     have many horrible side effects and mostly keep a person
in revenue per year for Los Angeles County alone.                drugged up to keep them from being a nuisance. According
                                                                 to NAMI (National Alliance for the Mentally Ill) reports,
In 2006 the California Department of Mental Health (DMH)
                                                                 these older drugs do not help a person get better and, in
stated “the funds will be used to start new programs and
                                                                 fact, sometimes exacerbate their condition. For a sane per-
expand existing programs for people with severe mental
                                                                 son, prison would be a horrible and traumatic experience.
illnesses, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and
                                                                 Now imagine a person with a psychiatric disability who is
major depression. The goal of the new services is to help
                                                                 confused, often paranoid and think what this trauma does
people avoid jail, hospital emer-
                                                                                         to their condition. Trauma, as wit-
gency rooms, and homelessness by
                                                                                         nessed by PTSD (Post Traumatic
getting them the help they need to
                                                                                         Stress Disorder) in veterans return-
have full and proactive lives.”
                                                                                         ing from war is considered a mental
However, according to the DMH, it
                                                                                         illness by psychiatrists. If physical
will take approximately three years
                                                                                         trauma to the body and brain of a
for these new programs to have an
                                                                                         “normal” person can change the
impact on the plight of the mentally
                                                                                         chemistry of their brain, in a sense,
ill in Los Angeles County.
                                                                                         creating mental illness, take the per-
Unfortunately, due to the closure of                                                     son with a mental illness to begin
many of California State Hospitals                                                       with, then put them through physi-
in the 1980’s, for some mentally ill                                                     cal trauma in a prison, and they
offenders, prison is the first place                                                     now have an added mental illness,
they have a chance for treatment.                                                        PTSD on top of their existing one.
This is because the state of
California did not have mental                                                                 Now that theMentalHealth Services
health community services in place        A homeless man sleeping on sidewalk in Santa Monica
                                                                                              Act (MHSA) has been passed and
before closing the hospitals. You cannot just let people who there is to be $70 million per year for Los Angeles County
have been living in an institution for years out in the world alone, will the incarceration rate for thementally ill go
without any mental health services in place to help them down? Will the housing programs for the homeless help
adjust to it. Once out on the street, according to the people get off the streets? Only time will tell. Recently one
National Resource Center on Homelessness and Mental housing program that was to build a 33-unit complex for
Illness, the homeless who are mentally ill are twice as like- the mentally ill in Anaheim was stopped by the residents of
ly as other people who are homeless to be arrested or jailed, the community who, according to a recent article in the
mostly for misdemeanors.                                            L.A. Times (June 23, 2006) stated “that a housing project for
Since the rise in police arrests of the homeless mentally ill the mentally ill would bring undesirables to their commu-
has increased the prison population, the California prison nity.” Some residents called these potential residents of the
system has become a huge business for the people who run complex "child molesters" and "crazy" people. Obviously,
them. If you go to the California state website to look up all there is still a lot more education that needs to be done to
the state employment positions available, you will find educate people about mental illness and help break the
many more job opportunities available with the stigma that is still rampant in the “normal” population. The
Corrections and Rehabilitations Department than any other MHSA, which is hoping to use some of its money for edu-
department in the state.                                            cation and “stigma busting,” will help alleviate some of
                                                                    these biases.
According to the California Department of Corrections, it
                                                                    People with mental illness have a brain disorder that is
takes approximately $29,000 per year to house, feed, and
                                                                    caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. With new and
provide healthcare for an inmate who does not have a men-
                                                                    better medications, it can be controlled. Just as someone
tal illness. For a person with mental illness, this cost
                                                                    with Diabetes controls their disease with medications, so
increases to approximately $35,000 to $40,000 a year due to
                                                                    too, can people with mental illness stay stable on theirs.
the cost of mental health services, medication and addition-
                                                                    The difficulty in the California system is how to do this
al staff. In comparison, it costs approximately $28, 000 to
                                                                    effectively before someone decompensates to the point
send someone to UCLA, including tuition, room, board and
                                                                    where they are a danger or disturbance to society and are
books. According to figures from FY2000, the California
Department of Mental Health estimates a cost of $4,000 per
year per person to be treated in the community. So, basical-
                                                                         Photograph: Fabian Lewkowicz courtesy of SantaMonicaClose-up.com
                                                                                                                                Page 11

There has been a trend lately to divert people with mental        only be part of the solution. Until society realizes that men-
illness from the penal system into the community mental           tal illness should be treated on a par with physical illness by
health system with the addition of county Mental Health           insurance companies, there will always be homeless men-
Courts. Although these courts have helped divert a number         tally ill on our streets—no matter how much money is put
of people from going to prison, many people still fall            into the county mental health system.
through the cracks and do not see a Mental Health Court.
                                                                  From someone who has fallen through the cracks of health-
Hospitals, which should be the first step in treatment for a
                                                                  care insurance and ended up having to navigate through
mentally ill person, are overcrowded and, usually will not
                                                                  the L.A. County Mental Healthcare system from psychiatric
even take a person with mental illness unless they have
                                                                  ward, to a 28-day crisis house (after having been kicked out
threatened suicide or threatened someone else. Hospitals
                                                                  of a residential care facility when my insurance refused to
are a business and will generally try to avoid taking a per-
                                                                  pay them beyond a two-weeks stay) and finally ending up
son in who does not have insurance so a homeless mental-
                                                                  at a women’s homeless shelter in Santa Monica, I know
ly ill person is most likely not going to be treated until they
                                                                  first-hand the problems facing people with psychiatric dis-
get to the point where they are picked up on the street by
                                                                  abilities in Los Angeles. My hope is that the $70 million
the police on a 51/50 (code for mentally ill).
                                                                  coming to L.A. County from Proposition 63 (a proposition
Look at the Santa Monica promenade or downtown skid               for which I helped to raise over $1,000) for mental health
row and you will note that the homeless and mentally ill          does enough to change the disparity of treatment for per-
are a problem that is not easy to solve. This is true especial-   sons with mental illness. Whether or not this happens is up
ly with the state of affairs outlined above. The big hope is      to the community healthcare agencies that will be funded
that the Mental Health Services Act will make an impact on        with this money. Until then, my fingers remain crossed, but
the plight of the mentally ill in California. Yet this Act can    I’m certainly not holding my breath.

               Los Angeles County’s Mentally ill: Will Proposition 63
                Have an Impact on the Prison Industrial Complex?

By Andrea Pulcini, The Los Angeles County’s Twin Towers           line every day – believe too many people with mental ill-
Correctional Facility in downtown Los Angeles is the              ness become involved in the criminal justice system
biggest jail in the world. Built on 10 acres of land with         because the mental health system has somehow failed…
buildings that encompass just under 1.5 million square            They believe that if many of the people with mental illness
feet, the Twin Towers                                                                                received the services
Correctional      Facility                                                                           they needed, they
took $400 million of                                                                                 would not end up
local taxpayers’ dollars                                                                             under arrest, in jail, or
to build in the early                                                                                facing    charges      in
1990’s to house the                                                                                  court.”
increasing number of
                                                                                                         In July 2002 the
arrestees that the older
                                                                                                         California Department
jails could no longer
                                                                                                         of Corrections estimat-
handle. Twin Towers
                                                                                                         ed that 23,439 prison-
now serves as a gate-
                                                                                                         ers on the prison men-
way for the 21 new pris-
                                                                                                         tal health roster repre-
ons the state has built
                                                                                                         sented over 14% of the
since 1980.
                                                                                                         California prison popu-
The United States                                                                                        lation. Los Angeles
incarcerates a greater share of its population, 724 per           County jails are one of the largest mental health providers
100,000 residents, than any other country on the planet.          in the country today. According to Richard Lamb,
California alone had 161,000 inmates as of 2003 or 475            Professor of Psychiatry, Law and Public Policy at the
per 100,000 residents. The Twin Towers Correctional               University of Southern California, “it used to be the State
Facility, as of 2004 had over 2,000 mentally ill inmates and      Hospital couldn’t turn down anybody. Now the state hos-
6,000 psychotropic drugs were given out daily. (Bureau of         pitals can and do… It used to be the state hospital was the
Justice statistics) According to the Criminal Justice/Mental      facility of last resort; and today the jails and prisons are the
Health Consensus Project, “Law enforcement officers,              facilities of last resort.”
prosecutors, defenders, and judges – people on the front-                Photograph by G. DeVeteuil courtesy of USC Geography Dept.
Page 12

              Abilities Expo – June 2006
By Andrea Pulcini
This year at the Abilities Expo I was pleasantly surprised to find an Assistive Technology device that had previously been
discontinued. The device, called TeleStik™ is great for wheelchair users, especially those with limited arm and hand
mobility. Unlike the traditional “trigger-action” reachers, which takes not
only dexterity, but strength to operate, the TeleStik™ is very light, weighing
only 2.3 oz and when closed or collapsed, is only 7-8” long.
      There are a couple of models of TeleStik™:
1. Model AD3000 has an adhesive pad that sticks to the object, allowing you
to pull it up. The pad is washable allowing you to use it over and over again.

2. Model MA400 has a hook with a magnet embedded in it so that you can
pick up things such as your keys with the magnet part or you can use the
hook to hook under things like eye-glasses to bring them up.

All of the TeleStiks are made with a collapsible telescoping
rod that is easy to open and close. The TeleStik™ is a really incredible
device that offers independence to people who would otherwise have to
ask others to pick up pens, pencils, paper, paperclips, watches, etc. It may
seem like a little thing, but it is the little things that can make a big differ-
ence in a person’s life!
                                                                                                              Jose Ulloa demonstrating TeleStik™

                                                     For more information on the TeleStik™
  Cougar Mountain Marketing Corporation, Website: www.telestik.com Fax: (604) 542-1906
                               Email: info@telestik.com

                         Make your donation online at: www.wcil.org/donation.htm
The Westside Center for Independent Living is a
501( c ) (3), Tax ID 95-3013310, nonprofit organization
providing services and advocacy to facilitate                               Mar Vista Office
independent living for people with disabilities. WCIL is               Executive Office and Services
                                                              12901 Venice Blvd., Los Angeles, California 90066
                                                                                                                                   NON-PROFIT ORG.
funded by government grants from California State
Department of Rehabilitation, LA County Department of             (310) 390-3611 – TTY (310) 398-9204                                U.S. POSTAGE
Mental Health, and the cities of Los Angeles, Santa Monica
                                                                FAX (310) 390-4906 http:www.wcil.org
and Redondo Beach. Additional funding comes from indi-                                                                                   PAID
viduals, support groups, organizations, foundations, busi-
nesses and corporations.
                                                                                                                                   LOS ANGELES, CA
More than 40 percent of WCIL's budget comes from pri-
vate donations.
                                                                                                                                   PERMIT NO. 34283

WCIL is a member of The California Foundation
for Independent Living Centers and The
National Council for Independent Living

WCIL Board of                Arthur Day
Directors                    Stan Johnson
Brian Buhler, President      Alathena Miller
                             Laura Schultz
Barbara Gordon,              John Whittaker
1st Vice President
                             Mary Ann Jones
A. E. Benjamin, Ph.D.,       Executive Director
2nd Vice President
                             Aliza Barzilay, LCSW
Jorge Sandoval,              Associate Director
                             Robin Hargrove
Audrey Parker,               Resource Development
Secretary                    Director
                             Inferno Advertising
Denedria Banks
                             Andrew Harlow
Amy Boersma
                             Spanish Translator

                                                             OPTIONS IS AVAILABLE IN ALTERNATIVE FORMATS
                             Lorena Pike

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