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					A Presentation from
      ASSAM
                                         In
NATIONAL CONFERENCE on
    AGRICULTURE for
 RABI CAMPAIGN 2004-05
                               17-18 Sept 2004




National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05    Slide No. 1
      OVERVIEW               OF AGRICULTURE IN
                               ASSAM

Net State Domestic Product (2002-03): 31.13 %

27 districts (25 plains + 2 hill): fall under high potential
zone for raising agricultural productivity.

The cropping intensity is 154%

The Summer (Rabi) Rice is grown in an area of 3.27 lakh
ha and area under Summer Rice has shown an increasing
trend with advancement of irrigation facilities through
Shallow Tube Wells (STW).

State has recently installed 2.2 lakh STWs under EAP and
NABARD

National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05      Slide No. 2
OVERVIEW         of agriculture in Assam
  (contd..)

  The other foodgrain crops: Wheat (0.70 lakh ha), Pulses
  (1.23 lakh ha) and Maize etc. (0.20 lakh ha).

  The important commercial crops: Oilseeds (3.99 lakh ha),
  Sugarcane (0.25 lakh ha) and Jute (0.68 lakh ha).

  Horticultural Crops occupy about 5.00 lakh ha.

  The overall growth rate of the crop production over the last
  five years stands at less than 2 p.c.




   National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05     Slide No. 3
                  ISSUES FLAGGED
                  (MAJOR CONCERNS OF THE STATE)

 “Recurrent floods devastated Kharif” left the State with
  only dependable crop season – RABI.

 The typical paradox for RABI is lack of adequate
  irrigation facilities. Only ONE-THIRD of 12 lakh ha of rabi
  area is irrigated. Thanks to 2.2 lakh STWs installed till
  now leaving the 96 % of the ground water potential
  untouched in addition to 120 inches rain induced
   surface   water    potential.                   (opportunities     for
   increased CI in RABI).

 Without Farm Mechanization, crop intensification in rabi
  is doubtful. Needs enhanced financial assistance to the
  small and marginal farmers on mechanization.

   National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                Slide No. 4
          ISSUES FLAGGED                           (Contd..)
 Non-availability of quality seeds within the State (except
   Paddy and Mustard). Innovative Interventions on seed
   production,       processing     and                   storage
   technologies/infrastructure  focused                on   humid
   subtropical climate.

 Non-availability of location-specific cold tolerant HYV of
  Summer Paddy.

 Poor post harvest technology : Harvesting of summer
  rice/    winter pulses coincides with rainfall making
  the process of threshing, drying and storage difficult
  unless some innovations are introduced.



   National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05               Slide No. 5
       ISSUES FLAGGED                           (Contd..)



 Land degradation due to heavy deposition of sand
  caused by floods. This year alone about 25000 ha
  land affected.

 Grossly inadequate Marketing infrastructure &
  Absence of agro-processing facilities make the
  farmers vulnerable to market volatility

 Additional fund of Rs. 2700 lakh is required under
  Macro Management of Agriculture 2004-05 to partly
  restore the losses due to flood.



National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05               Slide No. 6
CROP-WISE PERFORMANCE DURING KHARIF 2004
 Devastating floods affecting 11 lakh hectares covering
  Autumn Rice, Jute, Summer Rice and areas under
  transplanted Winter Rice.
 The area of Kharif rice will dip to 21 lakh ha from the
  target of 22 lakh ha. The estimated production slumps
  to 30.70 lakh MT (targeted 34.20 lakh MT).
 So is in case of area and production of other Kharif
  foodgrain crops like Pulses and Cereals.
    The total production of Kharif foodgrains is estimated
    to be 30.94 lakh MT as against the production of 33.29
    lakh MT during 2003-04.
 The area under important cash crops like Sugarcane and
  Jute are also adversely affected.



    National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05   Slide No. 7
  Targets and likely Achievements during Kharif 2004

Crop                               Area (‘000 ha)           Production (‘000 Tonnes /
                                                                     Bales)
                              Target           Likely       Target             Likely
                                         Achievement                     Achievement
I. Cereals (8% down due to FLOODS)                         10% down
Rice                            2270                2100      3420                 3070
Maize                              19                16         14                    12
Total Cereals :                 2289                2116      3434                 3082
II. Pulses (40% down due to FLOODS                         37% down
Tur (Arahar)                       12                 8          8                      6
Urad (Moong)                       21                12         11                      6
Total Pulses :                     33                20         19                    12
Total Foodgrains :              2322                2136      3453                 3094
   National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                              Slide No. 8
  Targets and likely Achievements during Kharif 2004
                       (Contd..)

Crop                                  Area (‘000 ha)          Production (‘000 Tonnes
                                                                      / Bales)

                                    Target           Likely     Target         Likely
                                               Achievement               Achievement

III. Oilseeds                                       9% down                 7 % down
Groundnut                                  3              3          3                3
Sesamum                                  15              13          8                7
Soyabean                                   3              3          3                3
Castor                                     2              2          1                1
Total Oilseeds :                         23              21         15               14

    National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                            Slide No. 9
 Targets and likely Achievements during Kharif 2004
                      (Contd..)

Crop                                Area (‘000 ha)        Production (‘000 Tonnes
                                                                  / Bales)

                                Target          Likely      Target         Likely
                                          Achievement                Achievement

IV. Commercial Crops                          40% down                 35% down
Sugarcane                            35              27       1500           1100
Cotton                                2              2           1               1
Subtotal                             37              29       1501           1101
Jute                               115               63       1150            650
Mesta                                10              6          50              30
Total Jute & Mesta :               125               69       1200            680
   National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                           Slide No. 10
       Percentage Rise (+) / Fall (-) in estimated Area &
          Production of Kharif Crops during 2004-05

Crop                                         Area                   Production
                                   Over Over Target of          Over      Over Target
                                 2003-04      2004-05         2003-04      of 2004-05
Rice                                - 4.98           - 7.49      - 7.17          - 10.14
Maize                                0.00           - 15.79    (+) 9.09          - 14.29
Total Cereal :                      - 4.49           - 7.56      - 7.11          - 10.25
Arahar                               0.00           - 33.33   (+) 20.00          - 25.00
Moong                                0.00           - 42.86       0.00           - 45.45
Total Pulses :                       0.00           - 39.39    (+) 9.09          - 36.84
Total Foodgrains :                  - 4.86           - 8.01      - 7.06          - 10.40

    National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                           Slide No. 11
MAJOR CONSTRAINTS
FIRST CONSTRAINT - CHRONIC FLOOD : Approximately 3
   lakh hectares of crop area is subjected to annual flood.
   High and extended rainfall also make the management of
   the crop difficult. These factors act as deterrent to the
   investment on farming by the farmers.
   (Crop diversification (flood-evasive crops) and intensification in RABI).


SECOND CONSTRAINT - SEED AVAILABILITY :

     Few local seed growers/suppliers.

     Lack of appropriate storage technology and
      infrastructure for seed storage for humid sub-tropical
      climate.

     Transportation bottlenecks in seed import from the
      other states.     (Seed Bank proposed by the ASCLtd and
         proposal submitted to the GOI for RS 2.2 crores for late sowing paddy and
   National Conferenceblackgram)
         late kharif on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                           Slide No. 12
MAJOR CONSTRAINTS (Contd..)
THIRD CONSTRAINT – SMALL LAND HOLDINGS: 82%
   farmers are Small & Marginal farmers. Lack of capital &
   fragmentation of land pose serious problem in
   agriculture development.
                (Innovations for adaptive small-holder technologies)

FOURTH CONSTRAINT – LOW FARM POWER: Impediment for
  increase of area under double and multiple cropping.
FIFTH CONSTRAINT – SOIL ACIDITY: soil reaction is strong
   to extreme limiting the pulse production &some oilseeds
   (Phosphate management in such soils is difficult.)

   (Central assistance for correction of soil reaction along with strengthening soil
   health infrastructure)




  National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                          Slide No. 13
            MAJOR CONSTRAINTS (Contd..)

SIXTH CONSTRAINT - POST HARVEST TECHNOLOGY :

•    harvesting of summer rice/pulses coincides with high
     rainfall

•    High moisture content in grains and humid climate
     coupled with the storage pests and diseases makes
     the storage a serious problem.

SEVENTH CONSTRAINT - MARKETING INFRASTRUCTURE :
    Grossly inadequate which acts as disincentive to
    growers. Absence of agro-processing facilities make
    the farmers vulnerable to market volatility.

EIGHTH CONSTRAINT – PRODCUTION-LED EXTENSION:

     Needs market-led and demand-driven Extension

National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05        Slide No. 14
              CROP PRODUCTION TARGET FOR RABI

Crop                     Area (‘000 Ha)           Production (‘000 Tonnes)
I. Cereals
Rice                                  550                            1210
Wheat                                 150                             200
Maize                                    9                              7
Small Millets                           12                              7
Total Cereals :                       721                            1424
II. Pulses
Gram                                     6                              3
Urad / Moong                            78                             52
Other Pulses                          115                              62
Total Pulses :                        199                             117
Total Foodgrains                      920                            1541
: National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                              Slide No. 15
         CROP PRODUCTION TARGET FOR RABI (Contd..)


Crop                                   Area (‘000 Ha)     Production (‘000 Tonnes)
III. Oilseeds
Rape & Mustard                                      400                         240
Groundnut                                           25                           30
Sesamum                                              6                             4
Linseed                                             12                             7
Sunflower                                           15                           15
Others                                              28                           22
Total Oilseeds :                                    486                         318


    National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                        Slide No. 16
RABI CAMPAIGN FOR 2004
 Rabi production plan for an amount of Rs. 2700 lakh is
  formulated as an additional work plan under Macro
  Management of Agriculture, 2004-05.

Activities                         Item                                     Proposed
                                                                           Fund (Rs.)
Crop Production Training           10 Nos. Training in each of 62 Sub-       31 lakhs
                                   Divisions (50 farmers per Trg.)
Farm Mechanization                 Distribution of 300 Power Tillers @     135 lakhs
                                   Rs. 45,000 subsidy
Land Development in Sand Mechanized removal of Sand / Silt                 800 lakhs
/ Silt deposited areas   @ Rs. 40,000 / Ha. for 20,000 Ha.
Requirement of Pesticides Bio-pesticides / Chem. Pesticides                150 lakhs
Publicity Campaign                 Leaflets, Field day, Kisan Mela, etc.     90 lakhs

   National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                           Slide No. 17
Activities                   Physical    Unit Cost             Total Cost    Requirement
                          Target (Ha.) (Rs. in lakh)         (Rs. in lakh)   of Seed (Qtl)
Cropping Sequence Demonstration : (seed in kind may be supplied by the GOI)
Wheat                           10,000              0.0462         462.00           12,000
Mustard                         15,000             0.03397         509.55             1,500
Lentil                            7,344            0.02814         206.65             2,203
Summer Paddy                    10,000             0.01968         196.80             4,000
Maize (Fodder)                    2,913            0.03685          24.70               670
Area Expansion Programme :
Wheat                             2,833            0.01765          50.00           33,996
Lentil                              257            0.04665          12.00                 77
Pea                                 466            0.03650          17.00               280
Blackgram                           357            0.04425          15.81                 72
TOTAL :                         49,170                           1494.51
GRAND TOTAL :                                                    2700.00
   National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                                Slide No. 18
Percentage Rise in estimated Area & Production of Rabi
                 Crops during 2004-05

Crop                                                       Area     Production
                                                    Over 2003-04   Over 2003-04
Rice                                                       67.68          89.06
Wheat                                                     114.29         150.00
Maize                                                     125.00         133.33
Small Millets                                              20.00          40.00
Total Cereals :                                            75.00          95.60
Gram                                                      100.00          50.00
Urad / Moong                                               47.17          92.59
Other Pulses                                               94.92          87.88
Total Pulses :                                             73.04          88.71
Total Foodgrains :                                         74.57          95.06
    National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                     Slide No. 19
RABI CAMPAIGN FOR 2004 (Contd..)

 State prepared a production plan for the ensuing Rabi
   season out of Calamity Relief Fund. Arrangement for
   distribution of seed are being made for Paddy 6,000
   qtls., Wheat 35,120 qtls., Maize 1,000 qtls., Mustard
   1,000 qtls., Moong 1,000 qtls., Lentil 5,000 qtls., Pea
   4,500 qtls., Blackgram 5,000 qtls. and rabi vegetables
   47,997 pkts. (assorted).

 Schemes under Centrally Sponsored like TMOP, Macro
  Management are also converged in the Rabi campaign
  aiming at crop diversification programme.

 In view of high requirement of fertilizer during Rabi,
  prepositioning of fertilizer in different sale points is
  being made. The target for fertilizer consumption rate is
  fixed at 102 kg/ha during Rabi.
   National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05    Slide No. 20
RABI CAMPAIGN FOR 2004 (Contd..)
 An intensive plant                   protection measures is   being
  adopted   through                    integrated  pest   management
  programme.

 Short term crop loan through Kishan Credit Card will be
  augmented. The target for KCC is kept at 1 lakh in the
  current year.

 More nos. of farmers will be brought under the ambit of
  National Agricultural Insurance Scheme in Rabi.

 Under Macro Management, farm machineries like Zero
  Tillage Planter, Self Propelled Reaper are also being
  demonstrated     in   the    pursuit  of  agricultural
  mechanization in the current year.



   National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05              Slide No. 21
STRATEGIES
1. To increase productivity of Summer Rice -
   Increase in use of HYV to the extent of 70 p.c.
   Increase in fertilizer consumption to 70 kg/ha.
   The area under assured irrigation will be fully utilized.
    The target for Summer Rice is kept at 4.00 lakh
    hectares.
   Adoption of Intensive IPM & INM.
2. To increase productivity of Wheat -
 Use of zero tillage after the harvest of Winter Paddy for
  timely sowing of seeds.
 Timely irrigation in Wheat during vegetative stage.
 Increase the use of fertilizer in Wheat.
 Introduction of mechanization in harvesting and post
  harvesting stage.
    National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05     Slide No. 22
STRATEGIES (Contd..)
3. To increase production of Pulses -
   Increase of area under Rabi pulses to 1.99 lakh hectares
    including the areas under riverine tracts.
   Adoption of improved seeds and bio-fertilizers.
   Increase of productivity from the present level of 550
    kg/ha to 660 kg/ha.
   Use of soil ameliorant in problematic area.
4. To increase production of Oilseeds –
 Expansion of area in monocropped Winter Paddy land.
 Expansion of areas of                         non-traditional oilseeds like
  Groundnut & Sunflower.
 Replacement of old varieties with HYV.
 Increase in fertilizer consumption.
 Use of Sprinkler Irrigation in specific areas.

    National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05                     Slide No. 23
SUCCES STORY / NEW INTERVENTIONS
 SHALLOW TUBE WELLS
 ORGANIC AROMATIC RICE:
       Organically produced Joha rice and exported 24 MT
       with help of APEDA & planned expansion.
       production of vermicompost and bio-dynamic
       preparation for compost making has already achieved
       last year.
 BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL:

   Tricho Card against Brinjal shoot & fruit borer was
   successfully applied by the farmers in Cachar, Kamrup
   and Nagaon districts.

   State Bio-control Laboratory has produced 22 million
   Tricho Card during 2003-04.
  National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05    Slide No. 24
National Conference on Rabi Campaign, 2004-05   Slide No. 25

				
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