OPERATION BLUESTAR 1984 The Massacre of Sikhs WHAT was Operation Bluestar? June 3 to June 6, 1984 was an Indian military operation at the Harimandir Sahib in Amritsar, Punjab, the holiest temple of the Sikhs. Preplanned attack on supposed Sikh “terrorists” However, innocent lives were taken -men, women, and children were beaten and shot and thrown into the Holy Sarover WHY to rid India of “terrorists” the fundamentalist Indian government was scared because the Sikhs were asking too many questions… Freedom/Rights Equality Justice Broken promises Freedom/Rights False democratic system -gov’t didn’t work for all people, only the rich -caste system is illegal, yet still practiced Basic needs not met -water -electricity Taking money from working people Water is a Human Right Water is essential to sustain life. It is enshrined in the right to life and dignity, as set forth in the International Bill of Human Rights. In 2002, the United Nations adopted water as a human right. This adoption commits the 145 countries that have ratified the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights to gradually ensure fair and non-discriminatory access to safe drinking water. Equality Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s first teaching was to treat all human beings as equals The Indian gov’t did NOT treat everyone equally The Sikhs believed that not only should they be treated fairly, but also their brothers and sisters from other faiths The Sikhs questioned the gov’t and the gov’t didn’t like that… Justice Sikh men being killed in fake police encounters Corruption within Indian government Police paid off by rich people to lie Wrongful convictions against Sikhs Broken Promises What does it truly mean to The Indian government be “democratic?” is not a true democratic Democracy- “government by the people; a form of system government in which the supreme power is vested in Caste system the people and exercised Untouchables directly by them or by their Trapped in system elected agents under a free electoral system” Sikhs wanted justice for -by the people, FOR the everyone silenced people Personal Accounts WHAT happened AFTER? October 31, 1984: 9.20 am: Indira Gandhi was shot by two of her security guards at her residence No. 1, Safdarjung Road, and rushed to All India Institute of Medical Sciences. 11 am: Announcement on All India Radio specifying that the guards who shot Indira Gandhi were Sikhs. 4 pm: Stray incidents of attacks on Sikhs in and around that area. Late evening and night: The violence against Sikhs spread.The violence included the burning of vehicles and other properties of Sikhs. That happened even in VIP areas like the crossroads near Prithviraj Road where cars and scooters belonging to Sikhs were burnt. No Protection for Innocent Every police station had a strength of about 100 men and 50-60 weapons. Yet, no action was taken against miscreants in most places. The few places where the local police station took prompt measures against mobs, hardly any killings took place there. All the Sikhs who fired in self-defence were disarmed by the police and even arrested on trumped up charges.