Tourism in Nepal - DOC

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					           TOURISM IN NEPAL:

A CASE STUDY OF MYAGDI DISTRICT



                       A Thesis
  Submitted to the Central Department of Economics,
  Tribhuvan University,Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal,
       In partial fulfillment of the requirements
                  For the Degree of
                MASTER OF ARTS
                          In
                    ECONOMICS


                         By
         KRISHNA PRASAD POUDEL


          Central Department of Economics
                Tribhuvan University
             Kirtipur,Kathmandu,Nepal


                   September 2006
                   RECOMMENDATION LETTER




      This thesis entitled "TOURISM IN NEPAL; A CASE STUDY OF
MYAGDI DISTRICT" has been prepared by Mr.Krishna Prasad Poudel under
my guidance and supervision. I hereby recommend thesis for examination by
the thesis committee as a partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of
MASTER OF ARTS in ECONOMICS.




                                             Dr. Pushpa Shrestha Malla
                                                  Associate Professor
                                           Central Department of Economics
                                                 Tribhuvan University

Date; September 7,2006
                           APPROVAL LETTER



      We certify that this thesis entitled "TOURISM IN NEPAL; A CASE
STUDY OF MYAGDI DISTRICT" submitted by Mr. Krishna Prasad Poudel
to the Central Departments of Economics, Faculty of Humanities and Social
Sciences, Tribhuvan University, in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the
Degree of MASTER OF ARTS in ECONOMICS has been found satisfactory in
scope and quality. Therefore, we accept this thesis as a part of the said degree.


                                                             Thesis committee




                                                   Pro.Dr.Madhavi Singh Shah
                                                                      Chairman


                                                      ...........................................
                                                                  External Examiner


                                                      Dr. Pushpa Shrestha Malla
                                                              Thesis supervisor
Date; September 7, 2006
                        ACKNOWLEDGEMENT


This study was undertaken for the partial fulfillment of Master's Degree in
Economics, in The Central Department of Economics, Tribhuvan Unuiversity
Kirtipur. I would like to express my sincere gratitude and hearty thanks to my
thesis supervisor Associate professor Dr. Pushpa Shrestha Malla of the
economics Department for her invaluable guidance, inspiration and supervision.
I like to express my respectful regard to Head of the Central Department of
Economics who suggested me very valuable suggestions to complete the thesis.


I would like to extend my special gratitude to my parents for their great
sacrificial contribution to my study. Hearty thanks to my better half Laxmi
Poudel and dear children for providing suitable, inspiring and lovely
environment to complete the study.


I would like to special thanks to my friends and best wishers; Mr.Chandra
prakash Baniya, Mr.Ashok Baniya, Mr.Damodar Rijal for valuable suggestion;
Mr.Harikrishna Shreshtha; pro. of hotel Dalfphin, Mrs.Bimala Gauchan; pro.of
hotel Yeti, Mrs.Beena Sherchan pro.of hotel Riverside for helping in primary
data collection; Mr.Padam Bhandari for providing required information from
DDC Myagdi; Mr.Hari Khatri and Mr.Indra Poudel for computer typing.


Finally, I would like to thanks to all, who have done directly and indirectly
assists to me for this effort.


                                              KRISHNA PRASHAD POUDEL
Date September 7,2006
                         TABLE OF CONTENTS


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST IF TABLE
LIST OF MAP
ABBREVIATION


CHAPTER-I INTRODUCTION                          1-12
1.1 Background                                       1
1.2 Statements of problems                           6
1.3 Identification of study area                 8
1.4 Objectives of the study                      9
1.5 Significance of study                        10
1.6 Methodology                                  11
1.7 Limitations of the study                    12
1.8 Organization of study                       12


CHAPTER-II REVIEW OF LITERATURE              13-24


CHAPTER-III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY             25-28
3.1 Selection of the study area                 25
3.2 Nature and types of study                   25
3.3 Research design                             26
3.4 Sources of data                             26
3.5 Methods of primary data collection         27
3.6 Data analysis and interpretation            27
3.7 Experiences during the field work          28
CHAPTER-IV TOURISM OVERVIEW ON NATIONAL LEVEL 29-36
4.1 Numbers of tourists arrivals in Nepal                   29
4.2 Tourists arrival by purpose of visits                    31
4.3 Economic contribution from tourism                       32
4.4 Trend of tourism inflow Annapurna region                 34
4.5 conclusions                                              35


CHAPTER-V GENERAL OUTLINE OF STUDY AREA                  37- 51
5.1 Geography                                                37
5.1.1 Location                                               37
5.1.2 Topography                                             38
5.1.3 Climate                                                38
5.1.4 Land system and utilization                           38
5.2 Natural resources                                       39
5.2.1 Forest and Vegetations                                39
5.2.1.1 Types of natural vegetations in the district        40
5.2.1.2 Types of forest based on species and condition      41
5.2.1.3 Non-Timber forest products                          41
5.2.2 Wild animals and birds                                42
5.2.3 Rivers                                                42
5.2.4 Lakes and Ponds                                       43
5.2.5 Falls                                                 43
5.2.6 Georges                                               43
5.2.7 Minerals                                              43
5.3 Social/Economic aspects                                 44
5.3.1 Population                                            44
5.3.2 Casts and Religions                                   45
5.3.3 Income and Occupation                                 45
5.3.4 Human Development status                          46
5.4 Infrastructures                                     47
5.4.1 Transports                                        47
5.4.2 Communication                                     48
5.4.3 Electricity                                       48
5.4.4 Health service                                    49
5.4.5 Banking and finance                               50
5.5 Conclusions                                         50


CHAPTER-VI TOURISM ATTRACTION IN MYAGDI             52- 65
6.1 Adventure Tourism                                  52
6.1.1 Mountaineering                                   52
6.1.1.1 Himalayan Peaks                                52
6.1.1.2 Mountain Ridges                                53
6.1.1.3 Glaciers                                       54
6.1.2 Trekking                                         54
6.1.2.1 Annapurna circuits trek                        55
6.1.2.2 Dhaulagiri circuit trek                        55
6.1.2.3 Dhorpatan circuit trek                         56
6.1.2.4 Trekking through Raghu ganga                   56
6.1.3 Rivers for Raftings                               57
6.1.4 Others Potentialities for Adventure Tourism       57
6.2 Sight seeing and Village tourism                    57
6.2.1 Ghorepani                                         58
6.2.2 Dhorpatan                                         58
6.2.3 Gurja Khani                                       59
6.2.4 Todke Gajane                                      59
6.3 Eco-tourism                                          59
6.4 Cultural Tourism                                    60
6.5 Religious Tourism                                                 61
6.5.1 Galeswer Dham                                                   61
6.5.2 Pulahshram                                                      62
6.5.3 Beni Bazaar                                                     62
6.5.4 Jagannath                                                      63
6.5.5 Others                                                          63
6.6 Historical Tourism                                               63
6.6.1 Takam                                                          63
6.6.2 Dholthana                                                      64
6.6.3 Beni Bazaar                                                    64
6.7 Hot spring Tourism                                               65
6.8 Conclusion                                                       65


CHAPTER-VII TOURISM IN MYAGDI                                    67- 81
7.1 Tourists inflow in Myagdi                                        67
7.2 Trend of tourists' arrival in Myagdi                             68
7.3 Tourism Relationship to ACAP area                                71
7.4 Tourism Relationship to National Level                          72
7.5Moutain expedition on Dhaulagiri                                 73
7.6 Economic of tourism in the district                             74
7.7 Pattern of tourism in the District                              75
7.7.1 Displays the frequencies and percent of various of respondents 75
7.7.2 Main Purpose and Destination of Visitors                      76
7.8 Satisfaction and feelings of Visitors                           76
7.8.1 Satisfaction from attractions                                 76
7.8.2 Opinion on services and pricing                               77
7.8.3 Feelings of mostly favorite in this area                      77
7.8.4 Interest to revisit in this area                              78
7.9 Major problems of tourism in Myagdi                             78
7.9.1 Diversity in purpose and destinations                    79
7.9.2 Lack of Expositions                                      79
7.9.3 Tourism service management and infrastructure            79
7.9.4 Shortening foot trails                                   80
7.9.5 Institutional efforts                                    80
7.9.6 Protection o Historical and archeological heritages      80
7.9.7 Conflict                                                 81
7.10 Conclusion                                                81


CHAPTER-VIII SUMMERY CONCLUSION
AND RECOMMENDATIONS                                         82- 89
8.1 Summery and Conclusions                                     82
8.2 Recommendations                                            88


QUESTIONNAIRE
BIBLIOGRAPHY
                               LIST OF TABLE


1. Tourist arrival in Nepal                                               30
2. Purposing visiting of tourist in Nepal                                 31
3. Foreign exchange from tourism                                          33
4. Gross foreign exchange earning in convertible currencies               33
5. Comparative feature of tourist flow in this region                     34
6-.Land utilizations pattern                                              39
7. Vegetations classification based on Geography                          41
8. Demography and General description.                                    44
9. Population as tribunal base                                            45
10. Sector wise GDP of Myagdi District                                    46
11. Human Development Indicators of Myagdi                                47
12. Road and foot trail networks in Myagdi                                47
13. Means and quantity of communication service in the district           48
14. Total generated power in the district                                 49
15. Health service center in the district                                 49
16. Peaks in Dhaulagiri range                                             53
17. Major mountain ridge in Myagdi                                        54
18. Tourist enrollment in the district with regional and National level   67
19. Computation the trend line of tourist inflow Myagdi                   68
20. The projection of tourists' arrivals in Myagdi                        69
21. Computation relationships between ACAP area and Myagdi                71
22. Computation relationship National level and Myagdi                    72
23. Number of expedition teams                                            74
24. State of tourism business in Myagdi                                   74
25. The profile of tourist on sampling          75
26. Main purpose and destination                76
27. Satisfaction from attractions               76
28. Opinion on service and pricing              77
29. Extremely favorite's resource to visitors   77
30. Interest of revisit                         78


LIST OF MAP AND PICTURES


1. Map of Nepal and Myagdi
2. Map of Myagdi                                36
4. Picture of Mt. Dhaulagiri-I                  51
5. Picture of ascending on Mt. Dhaulagiri-I     66
                              ABBREVIATION


ACAP     -Annapurna conservation Area
B.C.     -Before Christ
B.S.     - Bikram Sambat
ICIMOD   - International Center for Integrated Mountain Development
DDC      - District Development committee
GDP      - Gross Domestic Product
GNP      - Gross National Product
HDI      - Human Development index
HMG/N    - His Majesty's Government of Nepal
K.M.     - Kilo-Meter
NRB      -Nepal Rastra Bank
NTB      - Nepal Tourism Board
NTFP     - Non-Timber Forest Product
USA      - United State America
Rs        - Rupees
SAARC     - South Asian Association of Regional Co-operation
SDP       - Sustainable Development Project
TU        - Tribhuvan University
UNO       -United Nation Organization
UK        - United Kingdom
VDC       - Village Development Committee
WTO       - World Tourism Organization
ADB       - Agricultural Development Bank
UNDP       - United Nations Organization
REDP       - Rural Electricity Development Program
AD         -After Christ
Questionnaire for Hotel/lodge owner


Name of the Hotel; ..........................................................................

Location; .........................................................................................

Name of Proprietor; ........................................................................

Capacity of the Hotel; No. of Rooms;..........No. of Beds ..............

Available Facilities; .......................................................................

Total Employment; ........................................................................


Total Numbers of foreign Guest;

In the Year 2004 A.D ...................

In the Year 2003 A.D ...................

In the Year 2002 A.D ....................

In the Year 2001 A.D ....................

In the Year 2000 A.D ....................

Opinion on prospects of the tourism busyness ................................... ...........
..........                                                                                                              .........
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................
Opinion on problems of the tourism busyness ................................... ..............
.......                                                                                                                 .........
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................
Any Suggestions                     ................................... ..................... ......... ......... ......
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
.................

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR VISITORS

Name ; ................................... ....................... Age........................Sex.................

Nationality; ...............................               Occupation ................................................

Main purpose of visit ........................................................................................

Main Destination                .............................................................................................

Visiting time

How much are you satisfy from followings attractions in this area?

 Satisfactory                           Level of Satisfactions
 Resources                              Best     better     good                   Not so good no response
 Natural beauty

 Cultural heritages

 Attitudes of people


How much are you satisfy from followings services in this area?

 Services                               Level of Satisfactions
                                        Best     better     good                   Not so good no response
 Accommodations

 Food and beverages

 Pricing of services                    Very cheap                                 Cheap                   Expensive




What is your mostly favorites thing in this area? ................................................
Are you interested to revisit in this area? ...........................................

Have you felt any bitterness in this area? ...........................................
                           BIBLIOGRAPHY

Acharya Balaram & Groups (2003). Small, Medium and Micro Enterprises
      (SMME) development and market analysis in Myagdi District.Report for
      DDC, Myagdi.


Andrew Harvard and Told Thomson (1974). Mountain of Storms. Chelse: New
      work University Press.
Baburam Dhakal (2003). A Study of Economic Impact in Nepal. M.A, Thesis
      ,Submitted to Central Department of Economics,TU,
Banskota and Sharma ( 1995).Mountain Tourism in Nepal. ICIMOD


Bhatia A.K.(2000).Tourism Development;Principal and Practice. Delhi


Baniya Ashok (2060 B.S).Looking back to three years Sustainable Development
      Program-SDP,DDC Myagdi.
Baniya C.P. (2059) Beni Bazaar ko Aeitihasik Prishthbhumi.Sahas -3, Myagdi
      Pustakalaya.
BhanuRaj Aryal (2002). The problems and Prospects of Tourism Development
      in Nepal. M.A, Thesis ,Submitted to Central Department of
      Economics,TU.
Burger Veit (1978).The Economic impact of Tourism in Nepal; A Input Output
      Analysis. Cornet University, Ph.D. Dissertation.


Central Bureau of Statistics (2003). Statistical Yearbook of Nepal, HMG


Dahal Omdatta (2003).Rural Tourism.
Dhakal Gagan Sharma (1998). Eco-tourism in Nepal; A case study of Pokhara
      Valley,Kaski District. M.A, Thesis ,Submitted to Central Department of
      Economics,TU.
DDC Myagdi (2059 B.S.).Periodic plan for District Development.
DDC Myagdi ; Resource Poverty Mapping Report of Myagdi District, 2003
      AD
DDC Myagdi ; Citizen Charter -2061 B.S


HMG/N Department of Tourism; Annual Statistical Report of 2002,2003,2004


HMG/N ;Economic Survey -2004


Human Development Report in Nepal; UNDP, 1998, 2005


Karki , Krishna Bahadur; Role of Tourism in development of Tansen
      Municipility, Palpa District,2001
Kayastha;Development of Tourism in Nepal, South Asian Co-
      operation,CEDA,TU,1985
Khanal G.Tourism in Nepal , M.A, Thesis ,Submitted to Central Department of
      Economics,TU,2003
Kunwar Ramesh Raj ; Tourism and Development ,Science and interface
      Published by Laxmi Kunwar,1997
Lamsal B.P.; Tourism in Nepal , M.A, Thesis ,Submitted to Central Department
      of Economics,TU,1997
Max Eiselin ; The ascent of Dhaulagiri,London, Oxford University
      Press,Newworks,Torontow-1961
Ministry of Tourism HMG/N;Pilgrimage of Nepal,1999


National Planning commission; From first plan to tenth plan.
National Research Associates, Kathmandu;Nepal District Profile,1982


Nepal Tourism Board; Nepal Guide Book, 2003


Nepal Tourism Board; Trekking in Nepal,2003


Rabinson, H.; Geography of Transport, LONDON, 1976


Rai, L.R. ; Tourism Industry in Khumbu Region ,Nepal, M.A, Thesis
      ,Submitted to Central Department of Economics,TU,2003Rana S. ;
      Tourism in Nepal, M.A, Thesis ,Submitted to Central Department of
      Economics,TU,2001
Regmi, R.C.; Impact of Tourism in Nepal'Economy, Tourism in Nepal, M.A,
      Thesis, Submitted to Central Department of Economics,TU,2004
Satyal, Y.R.; Tourism in Nepal; Aprofile,Adooit Publication,Delhi,1999


Shakya Karna; Shoch,Nature.com. 2061


Shrestha,H.P.; Tourism Marketing in Nepal, Unpublished , Ph.D.
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Shrestha Pushpa; Tourism in Nepal; Problems and Prospects, Ph.D.
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Shrestha Teka Bahadur; Parbat Rajya Ko Aeitihasik Ruprekha, Asian
      Foundation,2002
VDC Pulachaur; A Study of Pulachaur VDC,2059


WTO; Year Book of Tourism Statistics vol-1,1995,Madrid
WTO; News From the world Tourism Organization on 1998,Madrid.

				
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