Implementation of the GMS Cross-Border Transport Agreement - RCSP

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					Implementation of the GMS
  Cross-Border Transport

       Border Crossing
       December 2006

At the end of this session, participants are expected to:
• Be familiar with the GMS Agreement for the
  Facilitation of Cross Border Transport of Goods and
  People (CBTA)
• Understand Single Stop Inspection (SSI) and
  Single Window Inspection (SWI) processes.
• Provide input to new operating procedures for
• Be prepared to implement SSI/SWI procedures
  at the Mukdahan-Savannakhet border crossing.
          PART A.
   The GMS Cross-Border
Transport Agreement (CBTA)

      The GMS Cross-Border
   Transport Agreement (CBTA)
What is the CBTA?
• Multilateral agreement ratified by all six GMS
• Purpose is to eliminate non-physical barriers
  to cross-border transport in the GMS
• Includes references to existing international
  conventions (such as the KYOTO)

   The GMS Cross-Border Transport
        Agreement (CBTA) (cont.)
• Covers in one document all the relevant aspects
  of cross-border
• , which includes:
  Facilitation of cross border movement of goods
  Single-stop/single-window inspection
  Harmonization/integration of systems
  Exchange of traffic rights
  Provision for transit traffic
  Cross-border movement of persons
   The GMS Cross-Border Transport
        Agreement (CBTA) (cont.)
• Has 20 implementing annexes and protocols
  - Facilitates Border Crossing Formalities:
  Annexes 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 14, and 15
  Protocol 1
  - Facilitates the Exchange of Traffic Rights: Annexes
  2, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13a, 13b, and 16
  Protocols 1, 2, and 3
• Applies to selected and mutually agreed routes
  and points of entry and exit in the six countries.
        CBTA Annexes and Protocols
Annex 1: Carriage of Dangerous Goods
Annex 2: Registration of Vehicles in International Traffic
Annex 3: Carriage of Perishable Goods
Annex 4:   Facilitation of Frontier Crossing Formalities
Annex 5:   Cross-Border Movement of People
Annex 6:   Transit and Inland Clearance Customs Regime
Annex 7:   Road Traffic Regulation and Signage
Annex 8:   Temporary Importation of Motor Vehicles
Annex 9: Criteria for Licensing of Transport Operators for Cross-Border
  Transport Operations
Annex 10: Conditions of Transport
Annex 11: Road and Bridge Design and Construction Standards and
        CBTA Annexes and Protocols
Annex 12: Border Crossing and Transit Facilities and Services
Annex 13a: Multimodal Carrier Liability Regime
Annex 13b: Criteria for Licensing of Multimodal Transport Operators for
  Cross-Border Transport Operations
Annex 14: Container Customs Regime
Annex 15: Commodity Classification System
Annex 16: Criteria for Driving Licenses
Protocol 1: Designation of Corridors, Routes, and Points of Entry and Exit
   (Border Crossings)
Protocol 2: Road User Charges for Transit Traffic
Protocol 3: Frequency and Capacity of Services (Quotas) and Issuance of

                                                          Coverage of CBTA
                                   BY 2009            •   Lao-Bao – Dansavanh
                            FULL IMPLEMENTATION       •   Bavet – Moc Bai
                                                      •   Mukdahan – Savannakhet
                                                      •   Aranyaprathet – Poipet
                                                      •   Hekou – Lao Cai

                                FIRST PHASE           •   Mae Sai – Tachilek
     SECOND PHASE           (commencing in 2005/07)
                                                      •   Mohan – Boten
   (commencing in 2007)
                                                      •   Myawaddy – Mae Sot
                                                      •   Chongmek – Wang Tao
                                                      •   Ruili – Muse
                                                      •   Houayxay – Chiang Khong
    THIRD PHASE                                       •   Hat Lek – Cham Yeam
(commencing in 2008/2009)
                                                      •   Nongkhai – Thanaleng
                                                      •   Nam Phao – Cau Treo
                                                      •   Veune Kham – Dong Kralo

 The GMS Cross-Border Transport
      Agreement (CBTA) (cont.)
What does the CBTA Provide?
  • Facilitation of border crossing formalities
     • SSI & SWI,
     • coordination of operating hours,
     • advance exchange of information,
     • harmonization and simplification of
     • priority order of border crossing clearance,
     • risk management,
     • provision of border facilities and services.
 The GMS Cross-Border Transport
      Agreement (CBTA) (cont.)
• Cross-border movement of      goods
  • freedom of transit,
  • exempts goods in transit from inspection,
  • guarantee mechanism for goods in transit,
  • SPS compliance,
  • classification of dangerous and perishable
• Cross-border movement of      people
  • visas, quarantine, duty-free allowance,
  • passenger services provision and associated
    carrier liability regime                  11
 The GMS Cross-Border Transport Agreement
                (CBTA) (cont.)
• Requirements for admittance of road vehicles
   • mutual recognition of vehicle plate and certificates
     and driving permits,
   • adoption of road traffic signs and signals,
   • compliance with 3rd party motor vehicle liability
     insurance requirements,
   • temporary admission
• Exchange of commercial traffic rights
   • criteria for licensing transport operators for cross-
     border operations,
   • price setting of transport services,
   • carrier liability regime
 The GMS Cross-Border Transport
      Agreement (CBTA) (cont.)
• Infrastructure
  • compliance of CBTA routes to ASEAN Highway
• Institutional arrangements
  • Joint Committee, National Transport Facilitation
    Committees, border level cooperation
• Other provisions
  • nondiscriminatory treatment,
  • promotion of multimodal transport,
  • container customs regime
    Status of CBTA Implementation
•   2004-2005/2006: Negotiation, Finalization, and
    Signing of all the remaining annexes and
•   2004-2008: Ratification of all annexes and
    protocols, (Stage 1 signed in April 2004, Stage 2 in
    Dec 2004, and Stage 3 in 2005/2006)
•   Commencing 2008/2009: Full implementation of
    the GMS Cross-Border Transport Agreement and its
    annexes and protocols,
•   2005-2007: Initial implementation of the
    Agreement at: (Dansavanh-Lao Bao, Bavet-Moc
    Bai, Mukdahan-Savannakhet, Poipet-
    Aranyaprathet, Mae Sot-Myawaddy, Mae Sai-
    Tachilek, and Hekou-Lao Cai) border crossings.
     Joint Committee Action Plan
By 2007: commencement of the initial implementation
  of the CBTA in at least seven key border crossing
  points and formulation of comprehensive and well-
  coordinated national action plans for CBTA
By 2008: ratification of all the annexes and protocols
  to the CBTA, and commencement of implementation
  of the national action plans.
By 2009: full implementation of the CBTA.
By 2010: formulation of sustainable subregional
 institutional coordination arrangements to monitor
 the full implementation of the CBTA.           15
   Benefits of CBTA Implementation
Connectivity: CBTA maximizes benefits of sub-
  regional transport infrastructure (faster border
  crossing times, opening of new trade markets,
  increase in cross-border trade opportunities and
Competitiveness: Improved efficiency arising from
  easier flow of goods and people across borders
  (reduced transport costs, increased competitiveness
  in the transport sector, better services from public
Community: CBTA fosters greater sense of
  community and promotes regional cooperation, and
  harmonization of rules and procedures (increased
  interaction among the peoples of the GMS,
  harmonized procedures for the transport of goods
  and people)                                    16
        PART B.


• Single stop inspection is included in the GMS
  CBTA (Article 4, Annex IV.)
• The objective is to reduce duplicate inspections
  by countries sharing a land border
• Single stop inspections are carried out by both
  customs services at the border on a site that is
  located in the territory of either country, or
  straddling the border

              SSI CONCEPT

• Border processing and inspection is carried out
  once at the border for imported and exported
  goods and vehicles.
• Commercial vehicles, drivers and crew undergo
  export and import processing at the same time,
  jointly and simultaneously by inspection
  agencies from both countries.
• Vehicles only stop once at the border

             OPTIONS FOR SSI
  Two basic methods of Customs control under
  SSI :
1. “delegated authority/mutual recognition”
   Customs of one country delegates inspection
   authority to the Customs of another jurisdiction.

2. “joint Customs control/operating in foreign territory”
   Customs of both jurisdictions carry out joint,
   simultaneous/ or near simultaneous inspection in the
   other’s territory.

What is SWI?
• The Single Window approach to border clearance
  aims to speed up and simplify information flows
  between trade and government to reduce delays and
  complexity in cross border trade.
• A single window is a system that allows traders to
  lodge information with a single body to fulfill all
  import-or-export related regulatory requirements.
• In practical terms, Single Window provides one
  “entrance” either physical or manual for the
  submission and handling of all data and documents
  and inspections related to the clearance of goods.

• SWI means streamlining, simplifying and
  elimination of duplicate information requirements of
  various government agencies. This reduces time,
  cost and administrative burden to clear goods.
• The information requirements of all relevant
  government agencies can be met efficiently and
  effectively. Trade is facilitated.
• In an automated environment, data is submitted on
  a single administrative document (electronic) to
  government through one agency.


• That Agency (generally Customs) electronically
  passes the information on to other competent
  agencies for their action.
• All government requirements are met through
  this single document.
• Some control and inspection responsibilities may
  be delegated to Customs.


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