The Orthodox Church History Structure by gaa11000

VIEWS: 154 PAGES: 21

									The Orthodox Church:
 History & Structure
The History of the Orthodox Church


 The Church was incarnated
 by the Holy Spirit when He
 entered the Apostles on the
 First Pentecost nearly 2000
 years ago, resulting in their
 going forth to teach and
 baptize throughout the
 world.
The History of the Orthodox Church



 During the first decade of the Church,
  Christianity was largely kept among
  the Jews and they continued to
  practice their Judaic traditions –
  resulting in many of these practices
  becoming the basis for Christian
  traditions.
The History of the Orthodox Church


  The primary language of the Roman
   empire was Greek, thus the Gospels
   were Written in Greek. Due to the
   unity and freedom of movement in the
   roman empire as well as the common
   language, Christianity spread across
   the Empire – to Gentiles as well as to
   Jews.
The History of the Orthodox Church




 The mission ministry of the Apostles, especially St Paul and his
 followers, resulted in the spread of Christianity throughout the
 major cities of the Empire by 185 AD and even spreading into
 parts of Asia.
The History of the Orthodox Church




† During the first 300 years, the Church suffered terrible persecutions
       – first by the Jews, then by the Romans
† In 312, Constantine embraced Christianity and then founded
  the New Rome at Byzantium, which was later called Constantinople
The History of the Orthodox Church




        First Ecumenical Council – 325 AD
    Articulation of Christian doctrine and order,
            including the Nicene Creed.
 Seven Ecumenical Councils – last one in 787 AD
The History of the Orthodox Church




               First Major Schism: 453 AD
 Separation of Assyrian & other non-Chalcedonian Churches
     ~ Coptic, Ethiopian, and Armenian Apostolic Churches ~
 chiefly over the understanding of the person of Christ
                     ~ one vs. two natures ~
The History of the Orthodox Church




    Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 AD
†   imposed the authority of the Bishop of Rome over the whole Western Church
†   Claimed supremacy of the Bishop of Rome over the whole Church everywhere
†   Catholic applied exclusively to Church of Rome
†   He claimed people of East were not Christians unless they submit to the authority
          of the Bishop of Rome
The History of the Orthodox Church




             Great Schism between East and West
Unity began to disintegrate after the 7th Ecumenical Council in 787 AD
                Complete break took place in 1054 AD
      Since that time the Orthodox Church remains tenaciously conservative,
                        holding to dogma and Holy Tradition
The History of the Orthodox Church

  The Appearance of Islam




                   Beginning with the 7th Century,
  Islamic Forces attacked & overcame most of the Eastern Church.
           Only the very northern portion remained free.
In the 19th Century the present day Church of Greece emerged from slavery
                    followed by other Balkan Churches.
The History of the Church

   The freeing of the Eastern Church led to its spread to the West




 …predominately into Western Europe, Australia, & the Americas.
 These jurisdictions are under the authority of the Ecumenical Patriarchate
The History of the Church




        First Greek Colonists landed in St Augustine in 1768
         Saint Photios Shrine is in Honor of these colonists.
First Greek Orthodox community was founded in New Orleans in 1864
The History of the Church




Jurisdiction of Greek Orthodox parishes of North American
† initially under the Ecumenical Patriarchate
† transferred to Holy Synod of the Church of Greece in 1908
† returned to the Ecumenical Patriarchate in 1922
The History of the Church




     The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople,
 one of the five original Patriarchates, has hierarchical authority over
 the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, including granting its
  Charter, appointing its Archbishop, and approving its regulations.
The History of the Church




Rapid immigration of Greeks during the late 1800s and early 1900s ~
  sixty percent of current parishes in US were founded by 1920 ~

 Archdiocese of North & South America was officially established in 1922
The History of the Church




        Six Archbishops in 80 plus years
           Archbishop Alexander (1922-1930)
           Archbishop Athenagoras (1931-1930)
             Archbishop Michael (1948-1958)
             Archbishop Iakovos (1959-1996)
            Archbishop Spyridon (1996-1999)
        Archbishop Demetrios (from Sept. 18, 1999)
The History of the Church




         Most Recent Significant Change:
               Major revision of the Regulations
    of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America in 2005
The History of the Church




                    Recent Transitions
     In 1996 The Archdiocese of North & South America was
                         reorganized into
                  The Archdiocese of America
  and the Metropolitanates of Toronto, Buenos Aires, and Mexico
   In 2003, the new Charter created 8 Metropolitanates in the US
      plus the New York Direct Archdiocesan District in 2003
The History of the Church




       Each Hierarch has authority over his parishes
…assigning their priests, approving their facilities, and holding them
             accountable for achieving their mission.
The History of the Church


All Parishes Linked through Hierarchical Authority

 While a majority of America’s
 original Greek Orthodox parishes
 were independently initiated by
 early immigrant families, these
 parishes along with all other
 Greek Orthodox parishes are now
 linked     through   hierarchical
 authority to all other Orthodox
 parishes of the GOAA.

								
To top