2007 SCIENCE EXIT PROJECT GUIDELINES

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					                     2007 SCIENCE EXIT PROJECT GUIDELINES
      NAME____________________________________                         CLASS ____________

           The science exit project is where YOU create an experiment of your own:
                     You choose an experimental question you’d like to research.
                      You follow the scientific method to answer the question.
                       You present your findings in writing, visually, and orally.



                           The science exit project has three main parts:
                                          The written report
                             The project board or PowerPoint presentation
                                         The oral presentation
          The requirements for each of these sections are explained on the next few pages.



                                           Project Format:
            The exit project MUST be typed. The font should be 12-point, double spaced.
      If you DO NOT have access to a computer, let me know now, and I will make one available
         to you. Please note that no one will be given an extra day because of the excuse “my
     printer broke.” If you do not have a printer, you may bring in a disc to print out your work
     in our classroom, but you must do so BEFORE the due date, not the day work is due. There
                                          are no exceptions.



                                         Project Due Dates:
          MAY 2007
7    8      9     10    11    12   13
                                        Project topic: __________________________________

                                        Research: _____________________________________
14   15     16    17    18    19 20
                                        Hypothesis: ___________________________________

21   22     23    24    25    26 27     Draft of experimental procedure: ___________________

                                        Data & observations from completed experiment: ________

28   29     30    31     1    2    3    Analysis of results and conclusion: ___________________

                                        Completed 1st draft of the written report: _____________
 June 4-8: Presentations                Project board OR PowerPoint:    __________________
          WRITTEN REPORT: How to conduct and write about your experiment:

   1. Identify a problem/question that can be tested by performing an experiment. This will
      be the title of your exit project.

   2. Research your topic question and write a summary of what you find. Use this summary
      to decide on a hypothesis.

   3. Conduct an experiment by following the scientific method:
         a. Purpose: what is the question/problem you wish to test?
         b. Research: what information is available about this topic?
         c. Hypothesis: What do you think will happen and why?
         d. Procedure: Design an experiment, identify the independent variable, the
            dependent variable, and constants. Set up experimental and control groups. List
            the materials you will need.
         e. Observations: Keep track of your findings in a data table that includes the
            independent and dependent variable. Keep careful records about any other
            information that you think is important to the data you are collecting.
         f. Results & Analysis: Analyze the data you have collected. Graph the data and look
            for patterns. Write about the patterns in sentences.
         g. Conclusion: Answer the question you asked in your purpose. State whether your
            hypothesis is correct or incorrect based on the experimental data.
   4. After writing your conclusion, discuss what sources of error might have affected your
      experiment. Discuss how the experiment could be improved if another scientist
      repeated it.
   5. Apply your findings: how is this information useful to others? How does it apply to
      everyday living?
   6. Bibliography: Include a bibliography, written in correct format, of all the sources you
      used during the project. If you need help, ask Ms. Fauvell.



                       PROJECT BOARD OR PowerPoint Presentation
This part of the project should explain your project through visual aides. Include brief
statements describing each step in the scientific method you wrote about in your report. It
should be neat, attractive, colorful, and informative. You will use this during your oral
presentation. IF YOU ARE DOING A POWERPOINT PRESENTATION, it must be handed in
on CD 2 days before the duedate, to make sure it is working. Make sure your name and class
are written on the CD.

                                The ORAL PRESENTATION
Using your Project Board/PowerPoint, you will present your project to the class. Your
presentation should be about 5 minutes long. You should be knowledgeable about your topic,
able to answer questions about your project, and your speech should be clear and loud so that
everyone can hear you.
NAME________________________                   CLASS__________             DATE___________

                    PART A: WRITTEN REPORT                                     1st    2nd Draft
                   (70 POINTS OF FINAL GRADE)                                 Draft
Research: An introduction to your project giving background information.
Any special words should be defined in this part. You can also include
where you got the idea for your project.
(10 points)
Hypothesis: The “educated guess” answering the problem.
(5 points)
Materials: List all the items used in the experimental part of your
project. (5 points)
Procedure: List step by step how you set up your experiment.
(5 points)
Observations: A data table of all observations must be included.
(20 points)
Results & Analysis: Explain what your data means, in words and by
graphing the information in the data table. (10 points)
Conclusion &Application:    Explain if your hypothesis was correct or
incorrect. Explain how your findings are useful to others. Discuss
sources of error. (10 points)
Bibliography: List the names of any books or any publications you used
that helped your research or procedure. (5 points)

POINTS EARNED IN PART A (OUT OF 70 POINTS)



               PART B: PROJECT BOARD / POWERPOINT
  The visual presentation includes all of the steps of your experiment, and
    communicates your project work with pictures, captions, and graphs.
     POINTS EARNED IN PART B ( OUT OF 15 POINTS)

                       PART C: ORAL PRESENTATION
The scientific information you presented is accurate (5 points)
You spoke knowledgeably & understood your topic when questioned. (5 points)
You fully listened to other presenters. (5 points)

       POINTS EARNED IN PART C (OUT OF 15 POINTS)


               EXIT PROJECT FINAL GRADE
                        CHOOSING A TOPIC FOR YOUR SCIENCE EXIT PROJECT

Which area(s) of Earth and Space Science would I like to research? (circle)

    Atmosphere                                        Hydrosphere                              Seasons
    Earth’s Changing Surface                          Lithosphere                              The Sun
    Earth’s Composition                               Atmosphere                               Stars
    Earth’s Movement                                  Plate Tectonics                          Water Cycle
    Erosion                                           Rocks and Minerals                       Weather
    Gravity                                           Rock Cycle                               Weathering

Why do these topics interest me?




What specific questions do I have about the topics that I chose?




Below is a list of science projects from DiscoverySchool.com. You can use one of these ideas, or come
up with your own idea. There are many websites that are very helpful in doing science projects. Two
very good ones are school.discovery.com/sciencefaircentral/ & www.urbanadvantagenyc.org/. Or just
Google “Science Fair Projects.”
Behavioral Sciences                                                         Do different wavelengths of light affect plant
                                                                             growth?
          How teaching styles and color affect learning                    Do fruit and vegetable juices contain the same
          Does learning sign language affect                                amount of vitamin C?
           perception?                                                      How does the type of water you feed a plant
          Do hand motions affect your memory?                               affect its growth?
          Fingerprints: the clue to I.Q.                                   Do hydrating shampoos really strengthen hair
          The effects of teacher and student learning                       more than regular shampoos?
           styles on academic performance                                   How does vitamin C content of packaged
          The effects of class structure on learning                        orange juice compare to freshly squeezed?
           abilities                                                        The effectiveness of sunscreens
          Auditory and visual memories of males and                        Does anti-perspirant affect your pH?
           females                                                          Which bread has the most kilo calories?
                                                                            Effects of nitrates on daphnia pules
Biochemistry                                                                Are you juicy? Do naval and valencia oranges
                                                                             of the same weight give the same amount of
          The effect of gibberellic acid on plants with                     juice?
           red lights                                                       Influence of temperature on the digestive
          Which color Saran Wrap allows plants to                           activity of pepsin on albumen
           grow the tallest?                                                Does temperature affect bacterial growth?
                                                                            Does chewed gum lose mass?
Botany                                                                    How contaminated is the soil?
                                                                          Filtering the dangerous effects of road salt
            The effects of varying amounts of water on                   Effect of environmental stress on plant
             seed germination                                              symmetry
            A comparison of two hydroponic techniques                    How fast do yard waste materials decompose?
            Evaluation of fertilizer types: which works                  Which wood is more resistant to decay?
             best on marigolds?                                           Polluting cars, U.S or foreign?
            The effects of two commonly used window
             cleaners on plants                              Medicine & Health
            Acid rain: an analysis of germination
                                                                          Music and its effect on blood pressure
Chemistry                                                                 Does your hearing level change after exposure
                                                                           to amplified rock music?
            pH of common beverages                                       Rare vs. well done
            How do household bleaches compare?                           Do taller people have a greater lung capacity
            Determination of lead in paint samples                        than shorter people?
            How much vitamin C is really in our juice?                   Does viewing television affect pulse rate?
            How temperature affects viscosity                            What is the effect of music on human blood
            The effects of heating and cooling on the                     pressure?
             strength of glass
            Which bandage stays on best when placed in      Physics
             water?
            Does spending more money for your                            Generating electricity through water wave
             sunscreen give more protection from the sun?                  movement
            The biochemical effects of beverages on                      The effects of spin on a volleyball
             dental materials                                             Which wavelength is most efficient?
            Does fabric softener affect drying time?                     The effect of window films on light
            What determines the amount of aluminum in                     transmission
             canned drinks?                                               Are advertisements louder than news
                                                                           broadcasts?
Earth/Space Science                                                       The effect of temperature on the velocity of
                                                                           winds
            The effect of time of day on GPS accuracy.                   What taping pattern best protects glass in a
            Electromagnetic earthquake precursors                         hurricane?
            Monitoring inland water quality using remote
             sensing spectral information
            Percolation in polluted vs. unpolluted soils.


Engineering

            What is the best insulation?
            Which insulating clothing materials work
             best?
            What is the effect of soccer ball temperature
             in kicking distance?


Environmental Science