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					PRESENT SIMPLE                                                                     PRESENT COUNTINUOUS
ROUTINE                                                                            MOMENT OF SPEAKING
*James works for an investment magazine. Every month he writes articles            *Take these figures to James. He
about new investment opportunities.                                                needs them for an article he is
*James is a receptionist. He deals with customers at a hotel.                      writing.
                                                                                   *Please go and help James. He is
                                                                                   dealing with a very difficult
                                                                                   customer.
GENERAL ACTIVITIES                                                                 CURRENT PROJECT
*I work for Teletraining. We make training videos.                                 *At the moment we are making a
*The hotel Grand Martha Sheraton in Mumbai is a 5 star deluxe hotel. It            training video for British Telecom.
offers quite spacious and elegantly furnished rooms.                               At the moment the hotel is also
                                                                                   working to improve its Courtyard
                                                                                   Chain of extended-stay properties.
PERMANENT SITUATIONS                                                               TEMPORARY SITUATIONS
*Peter deals with inquiries about our hotel room sales.                            *My name is George. I am dealing
                                                                                   with inquiries about our hotel room
                                                                                   sales./ Are you enjoying your stay
                                                                                   here?
FACTS                                                                              SLOW CHANGES
As a rule, cheap imports lead to greater competition.                              Cheap imports are leading to the
                                                                                   closure of a number of inefficient
                                                                                   factories.
PROGRAMMES/TIMETABLES                                                              FUTURE
Hurry up! The train arrives at 5 o’clock.                                          PLANS/ARRANGEMENTS
                                                                                   I am playing tennis at 5 o’clock.
                                                                                   Let’s meet tomorrow.
IF CLAUSES                                                                         IF CLAUSES
If I work late, I will get/I get tired.                                            If the water is boiling, it means the
                                                                                   food is nearly ready.
TIME CLAUSES                                                                       POLITE
WHEN, AS SOON AS, BEFORE, (NOT) UNTIL, AFTER, NOW                                  REQUESTS/INQUIRIES
THAT, THE MOMENT THAT, BY THE TIME THAT                                            I am wondering if you could do
He will do it AS SOON AS he gets better./He won’t do it BEFORE he ...              this for me.
ITINERARIES-descriptions of travel arrangements
On day three we visit Stratford-upon-Avon.

INSTRUCTIONS/RECIPES/SUMMARIES OF EVENTS/HISTORIC
PRESENT IN NARRATIVE AND FUNNY
STORIES/HEADLINES/MAKING DECLARATIONS
First you roll out the pastry./May 1945: The war in Europe comes to an
end/....So then the second man asks the first one why he has a banana in
his ear and the first one says.../ I bet you don’t have an answer.
Dr Alberto Garcia works for the WTO. The World Tourism Organization is the only intergovernmental
organization that serves as a global forum for tourism policy and issues.

Pizza delivery company Domino’s is opening more branches in Manchester and creating up to 300 jobs in the
north west. Dommino’s Pizza sells freshly-baked hot food and employs 1,500 people.

The White Lion Hotel is old. The hotel owners have decided to make certain alternations to improve their hotel
according to the recommendations of hotel inspectors. They are bringing about a number of changes to fit in
with government regulations and allow guests with special needs to stay. Describe them using the following
phrases:
install lift to upper floors/widen doors to all communal rooms/build safety rail on steps to entrance/build outside
fire-escape (from upper floors)/ build extra toilets (including one with wheelchair access) near bar, to replace
existing outside toilets/fit smoke alarms/install electric stair lift for wheelchair access to first floor (alternative to
existing hidden service lift)/put ramps on all outside steps
redecorate throughout the hotel/install central heating on the top floor (other floors already have it), convert the
attic to extra room, build an extension on the bar (extra seating)/ build a children’s play area in the corner of
garden/ build tennis courts in the grounds/ refit all bathrooms (20 rooms)
Put each verb in the bracket into the most suitable present tense.
S: Brian! How nice to see you! What (1) .................................. (you/do) these days?
B: I (2) ............................. (train) to be a supermarket manager.
S: Really? What (3)........................... (be/it) like? ...................................(you/enjoy) it?
B: It’s all right. What about you?
S: Well, actually I (4) ..................................... (not work) at the moment. I
(5) ...................................... (try) to find a job but it’s not easy. But I’m very busy. I (6)
............................. (decorate) my flat.
B: (7) .......................................... (you/do) it alone?
S: No, some friends of mine (8) ........................................ (help) me.
Complete the sentences using one of these verbs: GET/CHANGE/RISE/FALL/INCREASE You don’t
have to use all the verbs and you can use a verb more than once.
       1. The population of the world ......................... very fast.
       2. Ken is still ill but he .................................. better slowly.
       3. The world ............................................... . Things never stay the same.
       4. The cost of living .................................. Every year things are more expensive.
       5. The economic situation is already very bad and it ........................................... worse.
Put each verb in the bracket into the most suitable present tense.
       1. I ......... (hear) that you have been promoted. Congratulations!
       2. .................................. (you believe) in God?
       3. Excuse me. ......................................... (anybody/sit) here?
       4. Can you ring me back in half an hour. I ...................... (have) dinner.
       5. Who ..................................... (this/umbrella) belong to?
       6. What ............................... (you/do)? Be quiet! I ...................... (think).
       7. British people .................... (drink) more and more wine, apparently.
       8. What .................................... (it/say) on this notice?
       9. What .....................................(this notice/write)?
       10. What exactly ............................ (this job/involve)
       11. Who exactly ............................. (this car/belong)?
       12. Who is that man? What ........................... (he/want)?
       13. Who is that man? Why .............................. (he/look) at us.
       14. I can’t understand why he ....................(be) so selfish. He isn’t usually like that.
       15. Normally you are very sensible, so why ............. (you/ be) so silly about this matter.
       16. Why isn’t Sarah at work today? ................................................. (she/be) ill?
       17. You’ll like Jill when you meet her. She .............................. (be) very nice.
       18. What .............................. (you /think) of Ted’s new book?
       19. It’s time we turned on the central heating. It ..................(get) colder every day.
       20. Jane is away on holiday so Linda .................................(handle) her work.
       21. The price of the holiday ...................................... (include) the cost of excursions.
       22. What .......................... (this/box) contain? It ........................... (contain) ...
       23. What time ...........................(the banks/close) in Britain?
       24. ’Where .......................... (Martin/come) from?’ ’He is Scottish.
       25. ’What ........................ (you/do)?’ I’m a travel agent.
       26. ’It .................... (take) me an hour to get to work. How long .............................. (it/take) you.’
             ’It ......................... (take) me ............ ’
       27. Sue ..................(come) to see us tomorrow. She .......................... (travel) by train and her train
             ................... (arrive) at 10:15. I ........................... (meet) her at the station.
       28. ’Jenny is a student at university.’ Is she? What ......................................... (she/study)?
       29. We .......................... (go) to a concert tonight. What time ..................... (it/begin)?
Complete using one of the following: I apologize/I insist/I promise/I recommend/I suggest
       1. It’s a nice day. I ............................. we go out for a walk.
       2. I won’t tell anybody what you said. ..................................
       3. (in a restaurant) You must let me pay for the meal. .....................
       4. ............................. for what I said about you. It wasn’t true and I shouldn’t have said it.
       5. The new restaurant in Hill street is very good. .....................................it.

				
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