Xtreme Career Planning Guide

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					Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources
Architecture & Construction
Arts, A/V Technology & Communications
Business Management & Administration
Education & Training
Finance      Career
Government & Public Administration
Health Science
Hospitality & Guide
Human Services
Information Technology
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Securit
Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathe
Transportation, Distribution & Logistics
This book belongs to:__________________________________________

                                 Table of Contents
Roundtable Discussions       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2

Career Cluster Roundtable Questions    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6

Roundtable Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         7

Military Information   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Job Interviewing Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        10

Sample Job Interview Questions     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Practice Job Interview Rating Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Effective Job Applications     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Sample Job Application       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Cover Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

JobLink Career Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Plan of Action   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

                   Wake County Public School System programs are
                   staffed and offered without regard to race, gender,
                     age, color, religion, national origin, citizenship
                         status, political affiliation, or disability.

Roundtable Discussions

Skills Needed for your Future
Learn which workplace skills and attitudes are needed to help you be productive and
develop a healthy work environment. Learn workplace perspectives from professionals
who are involved in hiring and coaching new employees.

Work-Based Learning
Have you interacted with professionals through job shadowing? Have you considered an
internship? What is an apprenticeship, and would it work for you? Students will have the
opportunity to talk with a professional who has worked with high school interns to
identify the processes for learning work-based skills that can put you ahead of others.

Getting Your Foot in the Door
What does it take to get noticed in a room full of job applicants? Students will learn the
necessary skills needed to research and obtain employment. There will be a special
emphasis on networking skills, interviewing, and researching potential jobs.

The Reality of Employability & Inappropriate Choices
What you do with your friends on Friday night may have legal and financial
consequences that can limit your career and college choices, as well as your freedom.
Students will be exposed to laws and regulations that often impact young people as they
prepare to enter the world of employment.

Life After High School
Whether your plans include college, heading straight into the workforce, or taking a year
off, get some practical advice from recent high school graduates to prepare yourself for
the journey.

Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as animal scientist, biochemist,
cartographer, environmental engineer, food scientist, landscaper, soil and plant scientist,
veterinarian, and zoologist.

Architecture and Construction careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as construction manager, carpenter,
electrician, plumber, civil engineer, interior designer, and landscape architect.

2                             Xtreme Career Planning Guide
Arts, A/V Technology, and Communications (performing arts)
Talk to business professionals about careers such as actor, director, dancer, entertainer,
makeup artist, and musician.

Arts, A/V Technology, and Communications (A/V technology,
film, printing) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as graphic designer, A/V equipment
technician, sound engineering technician, desktop publisher, and video editor.

Arts, A/V Technology, and Communications (journalism and
broadcasting) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as radio and television announcer,
broadcast news analyst, reporter, editor, broadcast technician, and camera operator.

Arts, A/V Technology, and Communications (visual arts) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as painter, sculptor, illustrator, multi-
media artist, animator, commercial/industrial designer, fashion designer, floral designer,
and photographer.

Business Management and Administration careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as public relations specialist,
receptionist, legal secretary, budget analyst, chief executive, accountant, human resources
manager, training and development specialist, and public relations manager.

Education and Training careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as education administrator, school
counselor, librarian, postsecondary instructor, teacher, archivist, curator, and athletic

Finance careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as credit analyst, loan officer, bank
teller, financial analyst, insurance appraiser, actuary, and insurance sales agent.

Government and Public Administration (non-military) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as legislator, economist, urban and
regional planner, postmaster, transportation inspector, real estate appraiser, tax examiner,
and revenue agent.

                              Xtreme Career Planning Guide                                    3
Government and Public Administration (military) careers
Talk to military professionals about careers in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines,
National Guard, and Coast Guard.

Health Science (therapeutic) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as psychologist, chiropractor, dentist,
orthodontist, dietitian, optometrist, pharmacist, pediatrician, nurse, audiologist, physical
therapist, dental hygienist, surgical technologist, and athletic trainer.

Health Science (diagnostic) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as surgeon, laboratory technician,
cardiovascular technologist, diagnostic medical sonographer, nuclear medicine
technologist, and radiologic technologist.

Health Science (research, information) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as biomedical engineer, medical
scientist, epidemiologist, medical records technician, and medical transcriptionist.

Hospitality and Tourism (lodging, travel) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as lodging manager, concierge, meeting
and convention planner, interpreter, tour guide, travel guide, and travel agent.

Hospitality and Tourism (food/beverage services) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as food service manager, chef, cook,
bartender, waiter, host, baker, and food server.

Human Services (counseling and mental health services)
Talk to business professionals about careers such as industrial-organizational
psychologist, sociologist, substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselor, marriage
and family therapist, mental health counselor, rehabilitation counselor, child-care worker,
social worker, and clergy.

Human Services (personal care) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as funeral director, massage therapist,
embalmer, funeral attendant, barber, hairdresser, skin care specialist, fitness trainer
laundry and dry-cleaning worker, and tailor.

4                             Xtreme Career Planning Guide
Information Technology careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as computer and information systems
manager, computer programmer, computer software engineer, computer systems analyst,
database administrator, and network systems and data communications analyst.

Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as correctional officer, emergency
management specialist, EMT, paramedic, fire fighter, forensic science technician (CSI),
bailiff, police officer, lawyer, judge, magistrate, private detective, and security guard.

Manufacturing careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as electronic home entertainment
equipment installer, security and fire alarm systems installer, medical equipment repairer,
locksmith, tool and die maker, welder, fabric and apparel patternmaker, upholsterer,
cabinetmaker, power plant operator, jeweler, and engraver.

Marketing careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as customer service representative,
market research analyst, merchandise displayer, parts salesperson, retail salesperson,
model, and real estate sales agent.

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
(engineering and technology) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as aerospace engineer, chemical
engineer, electronics engineer, industrial engineer, mechanical engineer, nuclear
engineer, architectural and civil drafter, electrical and electronics drafter, and surveying
and mapping technician.

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (science
and math) careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as mathematician, statistician,
microbiologist, conservation scientist, astronomer, physicist, chemist, hydrologist,
archeologist, geographer, and political scientist.

Transportation, Distribution and Logistics careers
Talk to business professionals about careers such as avionics technician, aircraft
mechanic, automotive service technician, motorboat mechanic, logistician, flight
attendant, airline pilot, flight engineer, air traffic controller, bus driver, truck driver, and
ship engineer.

                                Xtreme Career Planning Guide                                       5
Career Cluster Roundtable Questions
Questions to ask the career model who is hosting your table.

    •   What postsecondary education is required for careers in this cluster?

    •   Which careers need a license, and what does it take to get licensed?

    •   What are the starting salaries?

    •   What is the job availability?

    •   What are the types of positions within this career cluster?

    •   What is the future/demand of careers in this career cluster?

    •   Which high school courses should I take now to prepare me for a career in this
        career cluster?

    •   Do you use math in these careers? What kind of math?

    •   What reading or writing skills do I need?

    •   Were there any extra-curricular activities that you took in high school that helped
        you in your career?

    •   What do you wish you had done differently in high school?

    •   What kind of communication do you use now?

    •   What kind of technology is used in this career field?

    •   Do you hire people with a criminal record?

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Roundtable Notes:
Name of Roundtable:_____________________________________________________

   Presenter’s name, company and title: ______________________________________


   Key points presented: ___________________________________________________


   Key points related to my needs: ___________________________________________



   Other comments: ______________________________________________________


Name of Roundtable:_____________________________________________________

   Presenter’s name, company and title: ______________________________________


   Key points presented: ___________________________________________________


   Key points related to my needs: ___________________________________________



   Other comments: ______________________________________________________


                         Xtreme Career Planning Guide                        7
Roundtable Notes:
Name of Roundtable:_____________________________________________________

    Presenter’s name, company and title: ______________________________________


    Key points presented: ___________________________________________________


    Key points related to my needs: ___________________________________________



    Other comments: ______________________________________________________


    Other notes: __________________________________________________________










8                         Xtreme Career Planning Guide
Military Information

You may want to consider a career in the military if . . .
   • You are tired of school
   • You don’t feel ready for college
   • You like on-the-job training - getting paid while learning
   • You want to serve your country
   • You need money for college
   • You are interested in traveling around the US and the world
   • You would like to receive free technical training

Military Career Websites

ASVAB Career Exploration Program: www.asvabprogram.com

Branch                    Phone Number             Website
Army                      919/873-0797             www.goarmy.com
Navy                      919/873-1284             www.navy.com
Air Force                 919/873-9793             www.airforce.com
Marine Corps              919/874-2200             www.marines.com
Coast Guard               919/878-4008             www.gocoastguard.com
Army National Guard       919/662-8732             www.1800goguard.com

                           Xtreme Career Planning Guide                   9
Job Interviewing Tips
These interviewing tips could improve your prospects of getting that great job!

•      Do your research about the company by accessing the Internet, visiting the library
       or talking to other individuals.

•      Be prepared to answer questions you may be asked, such as why you want the job
       and what makes you qualified for the job. Sell yourself - - give reasons as to why
       you should be hired. Practice role-playing by having friends or parents ask you

•      Make sure you get a good night’s sleep prior to the interview, and that you have
       eaten the morning of the interview.

•      Dress professionally. Be well groomed. Do not wear too much jewelry, make-up,
       perfume or cologne. Remove jewelry from piercings and try to cover tattoos. First
       impressions are extremely important.

•      Do not have anyone accompany you to the interview. If someone should need to
       provide transportation for you, make arrangements for them to meet you at a
       nearby location.

•      Make sure to take a current resume with you even if you have already sent it to

•      You are being judged as soon as you arrive at a company for an interview. Arrive
       15 minutes early, and take any extra time to compose yourself.

•      Greet the interviewer with a firm, genuine handshake. Extending a limp, clammy
       palm and trembling hand conveys nervousness.

•      Be polite.

•      Body language is a great indicator of how you would perform on a job. Experts
       say nonverbal cues are more important than verbal cues. When you send mixed
       messages, your verbal messages do not match your body language. Words can
       deceive, but body language is less controlled and shows true feelings and

•      Posture sends a message. Maintain a relaxed, balanced posture. Your posture
       should be upright, but appear free and natural to go along with your speaking
       style. You don’t want your posture to appear controlled or rehearsed.

10                           Xtreme Career Planning Guide
•      Don’t start talking right away. Speak in your natural tone. Do not use “uhs, ums,
       like uh, or you know” or display other mannerisms that are an indication of
       nervousness. Do not limit your responses to “yes” and “no,” but do not ramble.
       Answer questions honestly. Do not lie.

•      Do not initiate a discussion about salary and benefits.

•      Do not criticize former employers.

•      Don’t wear the same facial expression during the entire interview. Your facial
       expression should be altered to match your message. It is important to maintain
       eye contact, but don’t overdo it. A gaze lasting longer than 10 seconds can cause
       discomfort. Good eye contact conveys openness and honesty.

•      Do not invade the interviewer’s personal space. The interviewer’s preferred
       distance should be gauged by their seating arrangement. If they seem skeptical
       about what you are saying, move closer. Don’t make attempts to be too friendly.

•      Know how to read the interviewer. Nodding is a sign of approval. Leaning
       forward shows interest. If interviewers disagree with you, they may fold their
       arms, cross their legs, pick imaginary lint from clothing or run their fingers along
       their noses. If interviewers engage in fidgeting mannerisms such as thumb
       twiddling, or finger drumming, this may be an indication that they are not paying

•      It is important to not imagine a hidden meaning in every gesture.

•      Watch for cues that the interview is concluding. A signal that the interview is over
       is when the interviewer stands up and says, “thank you” or “I’ll call you.”

•      It is extremely important to send a thank you note or letter to the interviewer.
       Also, make a follow-up telephone call. Remember that persistence is a virtue.

Key Tip: Remember to communicate the right nonverbal signals, which can help to
      convey an enthusiastic, positive and confident attitude. Your chance of getting the
      job can be improved significantly by learning to read the interviewer’s cues.

                             Xtreme Career Planning Guide                                 11
Sample Job Interview Questions

The best way to prepare for a job interview is to be prepared for the questions that might
be asked. Write out responses to these questions and practice interviewing with a friend
or relative who can give you honest feedback. Before an actual job interview, review
your answers to these questions.

     1. Tell me about yourself.

     2. What course did you like best in high school?

     3. How have your work or education experiences prepared you for this job?

     4. What are your career goals?

     5. What do you consider your greatest strengths/qualities?

     6. What do you consider your weaknesses?

     7. Tell me about your previous work experiences.

     8. Last month, how many days of school did you miss? How would you relate
        absence from school and performance on the job?

     9. Tell me what you know about the career field that you have targeted.

     10. What is this company’s number one product/service?

     11. Why do you want to work in this career?

     12. Why should I hire you?

     13. What accomplishments have given you the most satisfaction? Why?

     14. How would you describe the ideal job for you?

     15. What can you do for this company?

     16. Do you have any questions for me?

12                            Xtreme Career Planning Guide
                   Practice Job Interview Rating Sheet
Student _________________________ School _______________

On a scale from 1 - 10 (1 being low and 10 being high) rate the interviewee using
the following criteria:
Criteria                                                                                Rating
Appearance - appropriately dressed, clean, neat and well groomed; arrives on time

Manner - has good posture, maintains eye contact, speaks clearly and uses good
grammar, self-assured but not cocky

Organization - presents information logically and gets to the point quickly

Strengths - emphasizes strengths - education and/or previous work experiences,
accomplishments, abilities, skills

Preparation - alert and well prepared, asks good questions and makes
knowledgeable responses

Active Participation - stimulates the interviewer by taking an active part in the
interview, creates a positive environment; interviewer is glad he/she talked with the

Interest - shows interest through good preparation for the interview, drive and
participation. Goals and objectives well thought out, expressed interest in the job

Résumé - Résumé is well prepared and free of errors. (if there is no résumé, rate

Communications - articulate, presents self well, fluent English, good sentence
structure, able to express ideas

Overall Rating - the interviewer's overall impression of the interviewee

TOTAL - add all ratings together to get the total rating (1 - 100)

                                  Xtreme Career Planning Guide                               13
Effective Job Applications
While a great resume is important, there are some jobs that will require you to complete
an application. Following this advice can help you complete a job application.

     •   Use the Sample Job Application in this booklet as a worksheet before you
         complete an actual application.

     •   Take this completed application with you as you are looking for jobs, so that you
         will have all your information in one place.

     •   If you cannot type the application, print neatly using blue or black ink. Some
         applications might require black ink.

     •   Make sure the application is neat and complete. If you make a mistake, use
         correction fluid to “white out” mistakes. Write n/a (not applicable) if you do not
         think a question applies to you. Do not leave any section of the application blank.

     •   Avoid using abbreviations, except for those that are very common.

     •   Spell everything correctly and use proper English. Employers value writing skills.
         Misspellings and grammatical errors give a bad impression of your abilities.

     •   Use action verbs to describe your experiences. Begin sentences with verbs, not
         with “I.” (Example: Supervised a shift of seven workers; Initiated a new sales
         strategy; etc.)

     •   Remember to dress in a nice, conservative outfit to pick up and drop off your
         application. You make an impression (positive or negative) to the employer each
         time you step inside his or her business. If you are dressed appropriately, you will
         also be ready for an on-the-spot interview!

     •   Before listing anyone as a reference on your application, be sure to talk with that
         person to get his/her permission. Be sure to keep your references aware of your
         job changes and experience so that he/she can speak knowledgeably about you.

14                             Xtreme Career Planning Guide
Sample Job Application
Name __________________________________ Social Security Number: ___________
Street Address _____________________________ Phone Number _________________
City/County _________________________ State ________ Zip Code _______________
E-mail Address ___________________________________________________________
Valid Driver’s License: Yes ____ No____ State_____ License Number ______________

Highest grade completed ______________ Did you graduate? Yes____No____Year____
Name of High School ______________________________________________________
Street Address ___________________________________________________________
City/County ________________________State _____ Zip Code___________________
Name of College/University/Vocational School/Other ____________________________
Street Address ___________________________________________________________
City/County __________________________ State ________ Zip Code _____________
Years Attended _______________ Did You Graduate? Yes ___ No ____ Year ________
Degree/Certificate Received ________________________________________________
 Employment Experience

   1. Job Title ___________________Duties__________________________________
   Employer_____________________            ___________________________________
   Address______________________           ___________________________________
   Phone________________________           ___________________________________
   Employer/Supervisor’s Name ____________________________________________
   Salary (start)_________Salary (finish)_______Dates: From: _______to___________
   Reason for leaving_____________________________________________________

   2. Job Title____________________Duties__________________________________
   Employer______________________           ___________________________________
   Address_______________________           ___________________________________
   Phone ________________________          ___________________________________
   Employer/Supervisor’s Name____________________________________________
   Salary (start)_______Salary (finish)___________Dates: From ________to________
   Reason for Leaving____________________________________________________


Street Address _________________City/County___________State ____Zip Code_____

Street Address __________________City/County___________State____Zip Code_____

                          Xtreme Career Planning Guide                         15
Cover Letters
What employers look for:
  • An attractive letter that shows attention to proper business format, spelling, and
  • Interest in the company
  • Reasons why you have selected this company and types of positions(s) you are
  • Request for an interview

Contents of the Cover Letter:
 Heading:        Your Address
                 City, State, Zip Code

 Inside           Person you are writing to
 address:         Address, City, State, Zip Code

 Salutation: or use Attention: (if you do not want to use a salutation)

 Body of the letter:

 Tell who, what, why. Explain how you learned of the employer, why you are interested
 in the organization, and state the position title you are seeking.

 Give details and highlights so they will want to talk to you. Highlight your
 qualifications for the position -- how your capabilities, education, and training can
 benefit the employer -- how you can handle the job.

 Tell them how to get more information about you. Statement that your resume, which
 further details your qualifications, is enclosed.

 Request for an interview to discuss employment opportunities, and state when you will
 make the next contact to set up a meeting date.

 Thank them for considering you for the position.

 Insert your telephone number, including area code, in the letter.

 Closing : Sincerely,
    • 4-6 vertical spaces needed here for your neatly written signature
    • Type your name under your signature.

16                            Xtreme Career Planning Guide
Example of a Good Cover Letter

412 East Radison Street
Raleigh, N.C. 27609
June 15, 2009

Ms. Sharon Lester, Manager
Flash Video Company
17 Lord Street
Garner, N.C. 27612

Dear Ms. Lester:

As a regular customer of yours, I noted the help wanted sign posted on your door and the
position advertised in the paper. I would like to apply for the clerk’s position.

I have experience working in retail sales as my enclosed resume indicates. I enjoy
working with the public and helping customers find what they need. In addition to
working with customers, I have assisted in yearly store inventory, worked with others to
meet stocking deadlines, and assisted with office duties as requested. In school, I took
classes that would meet your office and computer needs. My conversational Spanish
skills could be applied in helping customers with selections in your Spanish video

If my qualifications meet your needs, I would like to interview for the position. If you
have any questions about my qualifications or would like to arrange an interview, I can
be reached at 919/555-5309. Thank you for considering me for the position.


Carol Green

Carol Green

                             Xtreme Career Planning Guide                                  17
18   Xtreme Career Planning Guide
Xtreme Career Planning Guide   19
                               Xtreme Beginnings
                                   Plan of Action

My career goal is:

Information I learned from the roundtable discussions that might help my career decision:
Roundtable 1 ____________________________________________________________
Roundtable 2_____________________________________________________________
Roundtable 3_____________________________________________________________

Schools I might consider after graduating from high school: _______________________

Next time I go to a job interview, I will do this differently: ________________________

Information I need to add to my résumé: _______________________________________

The information I gained today will further my career goals by:

20                           Xtreme Career Planning Guide