Building Career Facilitation Skills Offender Workforce Development by xdb19855

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									Series:                    Building Career Facilitation Skills
Curriculum:                Offender Workforce Development Specialist
Module:                    Using the Internet to Support the Career Planning Process

Time required:             2 hours

Summary and Rationale
This module presents an overview of the role of assessment and information in supporting the
career planning process. That process is described in this lesson, and websites that can be used to
support each step are described.

Performance Objectives

At the end of this module, participants will be able to

1. describe the career planning process, including how assessment and information relate to it.

2. identify websites that can be used to support each step of the career planning process.

References

Harris-Bowlsbey, J., Dikel, M. R., & Sampson, J. P. (1998). The Internet: A tool for career
planning. (1st ed.). Columbus, OH: National Career Development Association.

United States Department of Labor (2002). Occupational outlook handbook.. Washington, DC:
U.S. Government Printing Office.

United States Department of Labor. Occupational outlook quarterly. Washington, DC: U.S.
Government Printing Office.

Websites

Association of Computer-Based Systems for Career Information
http://www.acsci.org

America’s CareerInfoNet
http://www.acinet.org

Careers at the Wall Street Journal Interactive
http://careers.wsj.com

National Institute of Corrections                         Office of Correctional Job Training and Placement




                                                 1
Interstate Conference of Employment SecurityAgencies: Labor Market Information Links
http://www.icesa.org/archives/links.cfm?results_sub_id=21

JobSmart/JobStar
http://jobsmart.org/tools/career/spec-car.htm

National Career Development Association (for Guidelines for Career Information)
http://www.ncda.org

Occupational Outlook Handbook
http://bls.gov/oco

The Occupational Outlook Quarterly
http://stats.bls.gov/opub/ooq/ooqhome.htm

O*Net
http://online.onetcenter.org

Equipment

•   Easel stand with chart pad
•   Markers
•   Overhead projector, or computer and projection device
•   Screen
•   Computers for participants (computer lab)

Materials
Occupational Outlook Handbook (http://www.bls.gov/oco/, also available from bookstores for
about $16-$23, http://www.amazon.com)
Guide for Occupational Exploration (available from bookstores for about $35,
http://www.amazon.com)
O*Net Printouts (http://online.onetcenter.org)
America’s Career InfoNet Printouts (http://www.acinet.org)
Activity Worksheet: America’s Career InfoNet
Activity Worksheet: O*Net Online
Handout: Websites that Support Steps of the Career Planning Model

Customizing This Lesson Plan

This lesson plan was developed for use nationwide. The facilitator can make it more meaningful
by adding websites that provide valuable career planning information at the local level. For
example, sites that contain state-specific information about apprenticeships, financial aid,
community colleges, career-technology schools, and jobs would be appropriate for addition to
Steps 4-7 of the model. Information about how to identify these sites in included in the
introduction to this publication.



                                                2
                                                  LESSON
               CONTENT
                                                               NOTE: Materials listed above (some
                                                               available online and some available from
To perform your job well, you will need to be aware
                                                               bookstores) will need to be accessible to
of and know how to use a variety of information
                                                               participants.
resources to assist offenders in making effective career
decisions and following through with a successful job
search. This module is designed to help you to learn
about and utilize some of the same resources used by
counselors in non-corrections settings.

In addition, while the Internet and even computers
may not be available in your work setting, this
resource is invaluable. You need to be aware of some
of the basic web-based resources so that you can
prepare offenders to use them after their release. You
also need to know what local places (i.e., one-stop
career centers, colleges, and libraries) have access to
                                                               Image 1: Performance Objective 1
such resources so that you can direct offenders to them
upon their release.
                                                               •    Describe the career planning process and
Performance Objective: At the end of this module,                   how assessment and information relate to
participants will be able to                                        the career planning process

1. Describe the career planning process, including             Image 2: The Career Planning Process
   how assessment and information relate to it.

As you can see, the career planning process has seven                                    1
                                                                                  Become aware
                                                                                                                          2
                                                                                                                        Take a
components. Notice that this process is circular. Each                            of the need to
                                                                                  make a choice.
                                                                                                                      snapshot of
                                                                                                                       yourself.
step may be repeated several times in a person’s life
and people go back and forth between steps.
                                                                                                                                          3
Let’s review briefly the career planning process. This                  7
                                                                                                   Resources                          Identify
                                                                                                 (assessments,                      occupational
model will be used as the basis for identifying                     Get a job.                      websites,                       alternatives.
                                                                                                databases, print
different kinds of information needed at its various                                           materials, software)

steps and examples of websites that relate to each.

There are websites that support Steps 2, 3, 4, 6, and 7                  6                                                        Get
                                                                                                                                     4


of this model. Your manual provides a list of websites                Get the
                                                                     required                             5
                                                                                                                              information
                                                                                                                            about identified

organized by these steps. Please look at that list on              education or
                                                                     training.
                                                                                                   Choose among
                                                                                                    alternatives.
                                                                                                                             alternatives.


page 14 as the instructor gives you a brief review.




                                                           3
                         1                                2
                  Become aware                          Take a
                  of the need to                      snapshot of
                  make a choice.                       yourself.




                                                                          3
        7
                                   Resources
                                 (assessments,
                                                                      Identify
                                                                    occupational
                                                                                        The instructor gives participants a copy of
    Get a job.                     websites,
                                databases, print
                                                                    alternatives.       the handout titled Websites that Sup;port
                               materials, software)                                     the Career Planning Model.


                                                                     4
         6                                                        Get
      Get the                                                 information
     required                             5                 about identified
   education or                    Choose among              alternatives.
     training.                      alternatives.




                                                                                        Image 3: Step 1 of the Career Planning
Step 1 – Become aware of need to make a                                                 Process
choice.                                                                                 • Become aware of need to make a
                                                                                           choice
There are no specific sites that address Step 1,
though we know that using career-related sites in
general increases awareness of options and need
to choose.

Step 2 – Take a snapshot of yourself.                                                   Image 4: Step 2 of the Career Planning
                                                                                        Process
At this step, individuals need to learn about
themselves – especially their interests, skills, and                                    •   Take a snapshot of yourself, including
work values – in order to relate these to possible                                          • Interests
occupations.                                                                                • Skills
                                                                                            • Work values
There are some activities and inventories
available on the Internet without charge that you                                       Image 5: Websites that Provide
can use to measure interests. There are                                                 Assessment of Interests without Fee
other sites that are on a for-fee basis. All of these
inventories assess the user’s interests in terms of                                     •   Informal –
a Holland code, though alternative titles may be                                            http://career.missouri.edu/holland
used for the six groups.                                                                •   Formal – Career Key
                                                                                            http://www.ncsu.edu/careerkey
The first site listed on the image was developed                                        •   Download as print or computer-
by the University of Missouri Career Center. It                                             administered version:
provides good explanations of each of the six                                               http://www.onetcenter.org/IP.html
Holland types and their preferred activities.
Users self-select their Holland type and receive a
list of occupations that relate to that type. These
titles are linked to lengthy descriptions of the



                                                                                    4
occupations in the online Occupational
Outlook Handbook.

The second site listed on the image,
CareerKey, offers an interest inventory that
results in a Holland code. As with the first
site, a list of possible occupations is
provided, and their titles are linked with their
descriptions in the Occupational Outlook
Handbook.

The third site listed on the image (O*Net)
allows you to download a print version of the
Department of Employment Security interest
inventory, called the Interest Profiler, a work
values card sort, and related interpretive
materials without fee or breaking of
copyright. The same site also offers the
executable code for the interest inventory,
which can be downloaded to the hard drive of
a computer or to a compact disc. In this
mode, the software administers and interprets
the inventory.
                                                       Image 6: Step 3 of the Career Planning
Step 3 –Identify occupational alternatives.            Process
                                                       • Identify occupational alternatives.
At this step, individuals need to find some
occupations that are related to their interests,       Image 16: Websites related to Step 3
skills, and/or work values and that may be
realistic choices. The inventories listed in           •   Assessment sites listed under Step 2
your resource material under Step 2 provide            •   CareerInfoNet – www.acinet.org
lists as a part of their interpretation and thus
                                                       •   Occupational Outlook Handbook –
support both Steps 2 and 3 of the model.
                                                           www.bls.gov/oco
The two sites listed on the image allow the
user to search the occupational database by
keyword and/or by occupational group. For
example, the user might search the site by the
word wood in order to find all occupations in
which he/she could work with wood.
Similarly, users might ask to see a list of all
the occupations in an occupational group.
                                                       Image 7: Step 4 of the Career Planning
Step 4: Get information about identified
                                                       Process
alternatives.
                                                       •   Get information about identified
At this step, individuals need to get recent,
                                                           alternatives.
accurate information about the occupations
they are considering.

                                                   5
Your list gives the addresses for three U.S.
Department of Labor sites.
                                                      Image 8: Websites related to Step 4
•   The online Occupational Outlook
    Handbook which describes 250                      •   Occupational Outlook Handbook –
    occupations in great detail.                          www.bls.gov/oco
                                                      •   CareerInfoNet – www.acinet.org
•   CareerInfoNet, which describes hundreds           •   O*Net – http://online.onetcenter.org
    of occupations, including work activities,
    knowledge and skills needed, employment
    outlook nationally and by state, salaries
    nationally and by state, and provides short
    videos of work tasks.

•   O*Net, the online replacement for the
    Dictionary of Occupational Titles, which
    describes more than 900 groups of
    occupations in great detail. This site can
    be helpful to you, but is likely too
    complex for direct use by an offender.

The Occupational Outlook Handbook and                 The instructor should have at least one copy
O*Net are also available in print form. They          of The Occupational Outlook Handbook, The
are on the resource table. Perhaps you will           Occupational Outlook Quarterly, The Guide
want to look at them during the break. The            for Occupational Exploration, and O*Net.
Guide to Occupational Exploration is another          Participants should be directed to review
reference book that describes occupations.            these either during the session or on a break,
The United States Department of Labor’s               depending on time available.
Bureau of Labor Statistics is an excellent
source for such data. It produces or supports

•   The Occupational Outlook Handbook
•   The Occupational Outlook Quarterly
•   The Guide for Occupational Exploration
•   The Web-based O*Net

Step 5: Choose among alternatives.
                                                      Image 9: Step 5 of the Career Planning
Step 5 of the career planning process is to           Process
compare and contrast the occupations on               • Choose among alternatives.
one’s personal list and to choose among them
or put them in rank order. This step may
include selecting an occupation for first entry
and others to pursue at a later time when more
education and experience can be gained.

There are no specific websites to support this


                                                  6
part of the decision-making process.
Correctional employment specialists can be
very helpful here in assisting offenders to note
the differences between the various options and
to get any kind of closer-to-life experience
with their work tasks that may be possible.
These methods might include work
assignments while in prison that are similar to
the tasks of occupations on the list or
interviewing people in those occupations at job
fairs. If the prison has a career resource center,
it may have additional print materials and/or
videos that would provide additional
information to help with decision making.
                                                         Image 10: Step 6 of the Career Planning
Step 6: Get the required education and                   Process
training.
                                                         •   Know requirements for occupation(s)
At Step 6, individuals need information about                chosen
the education and training needed for                    •   Know what educational options are
occupations they choose and about the training               available in and out of a correctional
they can get while in prison or after leaving                facility
prison. The occupational descriptions available
from the websites listed under Step 4 indicate
the different educational pathways and
requirements for each occupation.

The websites listed on this image provide
information about specific schools and
financial aid.
                                                         Image 11: Websites related to Step 6
Notice that your list of sites includes the
following:                                               •   COOL – http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/cool
                                                         •   RWM Database – www.rwm.org/rwm
•   COOL (College Opportunities OnLine) – a              •   Department of Education –
    site sponsored by the National Center for                www.ed.gov/prog_info/SFA/StudentGuide
    Educational Statistics that provides a
    national searchable database of all kinds of
    schools – four-year colleges, two-year
    colleges, and vocational-technical schools.
    Besides providing information about each
    school, it also includes a link to the home
    page of each institution so that additional
    information can be acquired.

•   The RWM Database – a site that provides a
    national searchable database of vocational–
    technical schools

•   The Department of Education Financial

                                                     7
    Aid site – provides information about all
    federal scholarship and loan programs as
    well as the online FAFSA, the form that
    individuals must complete in order to
    receive financial aid.

Step 7: Get a job.                                     Image 12: Step 7 of the Career Planning
                                                       Process
At this step of the process, individuals are
ready to search for a job. There are hundreds of       •   Job-seeking information
sites that can be used for job-seeking                 •   Job search
information and job search. Your list includes
the following:

•   America’s Job Bank – a searchable listing          Image 13: Websites that Relate to Step 7
    of almost a million jobs updated nightly.
    Job-seekers can place their resumes in the         •   America’s Job Bank – www.ajb.org
    Talent Bank by completing a questionnaire;         •   Richard Bolles’ Site -
    employers can search this talent bank. Job-            www.jobhuntersbible.com
    seekers can release their e-mail address,          •   Riley Guide – www.rileyguide.com
    and the system will automatically notify           •   Monster – www.monster.com
    the job-seeker when a job meeting desired
    characteristics is placed in the database.

•   Richard Bolles’ Site – Bolles, author of the
    famous What Color is Your Parachute?
    maintains a site that provides original
    information, and links to a large number of
    sites that Bolles has evaluated.

•   The Riley Guide – links to hundreds of
    sources for job leads, career exploration,
    and potential employers. Includes
    information on exploring new careers,
    finding places to live, and training and
    education options.

•   Monster.com - allows users to post a
    resume, search a large database of job
    openings, and get career advice.

Of course, in addition to these websites that
specifically address the steps of the career
planning process, there are many other sites
that can assist offenders to find housing, one-
stop centers, and to engage in e-mail
networking.




                                                   8
ACTIVITY: 40 Minutes                                  ACTIVITY: 40 Minutes
Using CareerInfoNet                                   Using CareerInfoNet

Use the worksheets on pages 11 and 12 to assist       This activity will require being in a training
you in working with America’s CareerInfoNet.          facility that has Internet access. If this is not
                                                      possible, this activity can be given as
                                                      homework.

                                                      Refer participants to the worksheet labeled
                                                      America’s Career InfoNet (on pages 11 and
                                                      12 of the participant manual). Have
                                                      participants begin by opening the website
                                                      for America’s CareerInfoNet
                                                      (http://www.acinet.org).

                                                      The instructor asks participants to complete
                                                      all 15 steps on the activity sheet.

                                                      Once this assignment is completed, the
                                                      instructor asks:

                                                      How might you use this information in
                                                      working with offenders? If you don’t have
                                                      access to the Internet in your facility, how
                                                      might you instruct offenders about how to
                                                      make use of this resource?

                                                      As individuals respond, the instructor lists
                                                      responses on a flip chart and facilitates the
                                                      discussion.


                                                      ACTIVITY: 40 minutes
ACTIVITY: 40 minutes                                  Using O*Net
Using O*Net
                                                      This activity will require being in a training
Your instructor will give you activity on             facility that has Internet access. If this is not
reviewing O*Net. Use the worksheet on page            possible, this activity can be given as
13 to help guide your review.                         homework.

                                                      Ask participants to open the O*Net site
                                                      (http://online.onetcenter.org/).

                                                      Refer participants to the handout on page 13
                                                      of the participant manual to help guide their
                                                      review of O*Net. Ask them to do all five
                                                      steps of the activity.


                                                  9
                                                 When this assignment is completed, the
                                                 instructor asks:

                                                 •   How might you use these sites in
                                                     working with offenders?

                                                 •   If you don’t have access to the Internet
                                                     in your facility, how might you instruct
                                                     offenders about how to make use of this
                                                     resource?

                                                 As individuals respond, the instructor lists
                                                 responses on a flip chart and facilitates the
                                                 discussion.




SUMMARY

In this session we have described the career
planning process and seen how assessment
and information relate to it. We have
identified websites that support most of the
steps of the career planning process and have
gained some familiarity with them.




                                            10
                           ACTIVITY: America’s Career InfoNet



1. Open the site for America’s Career InfoNet (http://www.acinet.org).

2. Look at the first tab from the left labeled General Outlook.

3. If not already selected, select fastest growing occupations and requiring only work
   experience or on-the-job training. Now click search.

4. Review the list of occupations and select one (the instructor may want to have all participants
   select a particular occupation).

5. After selecting an occupation you will be prompted to select a state. Select your state and
   click search.

6. You will be connected to a Wages and Trends - Occupation Report for the occupation you
   selected. Some occupations will have videos to view. If your computer has the capability,
   view the video.

7. After reviewing the information on this page, go back to the top of the page and locate the
   link Jobs & Employers and click on it.

8. Once on a new page, click on the Employers link and select an industry and a geographic
   region from the menus, and then click search. On the next page select at least one city and
   click search. On the next page, select one industry and click search. On the next page, click
   on one employer. You will be directed to an employer report page.

9. After reviewing the information on this page, go to the top of the page and click on State
   Info.

10. You will be directed to a profile page for the state for which you have been reviewing
    occupational information.

11. On this page you will find links for Demographic Information, Occupation Rankings, State
    Information, and State Programs. Click on these links if interested, and review the
    information listed. Then click back to the State Profile page.

12. Under State Information, you will see a link for State Resources. Click on it and you will be
    directed to a page of comprehensive information on the state of your choice. Spend a few
    minutes clicking on the links of interest to you.

13. Now click on the tab/link at the top of the page labeled Career Tools. Once on a new page,
    click on the link for Career Exploration. On the next page you will find links to the
    following:


                                               11
       •   Explore Options for Work and Learning
       •   Gain Skills to Get a Job or Get a Better Job
       •   Find Financial Assistance for Education and Training
       •   Find Job-Search Resources and Services to Help You Get a Job
       •   Find Possible Jobs and Employers
       •   View Career Videos to learn more about nearly 200 selected occupations

       Many of these links direct a user back to information already reviewed.

14. Click on Find Possible Jobs and Employers. The topics listed include the following:

       •                             s
           Learn how to use America' Job Bank to find possible jobs
       •   Find potential employers
       •   Use occupational information with employer recruitment literature to help you with
           your job search.

       Read the descriptions provided and click on any links of interest.

15. Now go back the top of the page and click on Career Tools. Once on a new page, click on
    Employability Check-up, and follow the instructions on the pages that follow. After
    completing this, you will have an Employability Profile. Review the information on this
    page and print it if possible.




                                               12
                             Activity Worksheet - O*NET Online



You will not have enough time to do a thorough job on any of the following tasks. This activity
is designed to give you a brief exposure to O*NET. During this activity, you will have an
opportunity to explore the Find Occupations Section, the Skills Search, and look at some of the
system components that are related to disability issues and resources. If you have time, you can
also check out the Online Resources available through the O*NET homepage.

Step 1:       To begin, go to the O*NET homepage (http://online.onetcenter.org/). Note that
              there is a column of buttons down the side of the page and 6 boxes on the top of
              the page.

Step 2:       Click on the Find Occupations box. Spend a few minutes exploring the kind of
              search you can complete from this box. Be sure you look and see what is stated
              about disabilities and accommodations.

Step 3:       Go back to the homepage and click on the box that says Skills Search. Enter a
              number of skills into the checklist and see which occupations are listed in the
              search. If you have time, explore a few of those occupations.

Step 4:       Go back to the homepage. Click on the wheelchair symbol contained in the
              column on the left side of the screen and spend a few minutes looking to see what
              is behind the symbol.

Step 5:       Go back to the homepage. Click on the OnLine Resources title in the left column,
              and take a brief look at what is available.




                                               13
               Websites that Support Steps of the Career Planning Model


Step 2: Take a snapshot of yourself.

•   Informal – http://career.missouri.edu/holland
•   Formal – Career Key
    http://www.ncsu.edu/careerkey
•   Download as print or computer-administered version: http://www.onetcenter.org/IP.html

Step 3: Identify occupational alternatives.

•   Assessment sites listed under Step 2
•   CareerInfoNet – www.acinet.org
•   Occupational Outlook Handbook – www.bls.gov/oco

Step 4: Get information about identified alternatives.

•   Occupational Outlook Handbook – www.bls.gov/oco
•   CareerInfoNet – www.acinet.org
•   O*Net – http://online.onetcenter.org

Step 6: Get the required education or training.

•   COOL – http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/cool
•   RWM Database – www.rwm.org/rwm
•   Department of Education –www.ed.gov/prog_info/SFA/StudentGuide

Step 7: Get a job.

•   America’s Job Bank – www.ajb.org
•   Richard Bolles’ Site – www.jobhuntersbible.com
•   Riley Guide – www.rileyguide.com
•   Monster – www.monster.com


Note: There are no websites that directly support Steps 1 and 5.




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