06-STAPLE FOOD CROPS IN THE ANDEAN REGION: ROLE IN THE LOCAL FOOD SECURITY AND
POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION AT THE GLOBAL LEVEL, ALSO THROUGH BIOTECHNOLOGY. Miguel Angel
Silva Ramos. Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Rural Development. Agricultural Biotechnology Unit. La Paz, Bolivia.
One of the principal characteristics, existent in the countries that conform the Andean Region is the wealth of the biological
diversity composed of the megadiverse biomass, the presence of centers of diversity and domestication, rich in endemism
and favorable for the development of a wide genetic variability in native populations of vegetable species, the presence of
international centers of agricultural research, international agencies of cooperation and important units of conservation of
genetic resources ex situ maintained by national programs of the Andean Region that now shows a clear agricultural
vocation. the principal contribution of the region are the products of the biological diversity, for the food security. A great
number of native nourishing species makes part of the diet of local populations of the region. The available species in
natural state they are: Andean tubers, grains, fruits and vegetables, stimulants and condiments like several types of peppers.
The crops mentioned in the present paper posses a great potential for the improvement and promotion of new species to find
the food security at global and local level through by: (a) amplification of the genetic base of the active collections; (b)
genetic introgression starting from secondary and tertiaries genepools; (c) development and production of new materials
starting from species little diffused and promisorious; (d) development and utilization of biotechnology’s for the
conservation of germplasm; and (e) propitiate the airy exchange of germplasm with ends of research for the improvement,
contemplating norms cuarentenary and contracts of access.