PROFESSIONAL DRIVER E DUCATION Vehicle Maintenance BASIC – CSA 2010 January 2010 The 5th of the 7 BASIC’s is Vehicle Maintenance. Vehicle Maintenance violations are easy to find by This BASIC covers all regulations relating to the enforcement personnel and are why a detailed pre- and inspection, repair and maintenance of commercial post-trip inspection is a must. motor vehicles of all sizes and types. The following steps will bring success in the Vehicle Below are examples of violations in this BASIC: Maintenance BASIC. • Operating an Out of Service (OOS) Vehicle 1. A detailed PRE-TRIP inspection every time a [396.9(c)] Severity – 10 vehicle is taken on the public highway. • Tire – flat and /or audible air leak [393.75(a)(3)] 2. Document and report any vehicle defects found on Severity – 8 (NOTE: Most tire related the pre- or post-trip inspection. violations carry an 8 Severity score.) 3. Complete all paperwork, including Driver’s • All Suspension violations [393.207] Severity – 7 Vehicle Inspection Reports and log inspections on • All Steering violations [393.209] Severity – 6 your Driver’s Daily Log. • Stop lamp violations [393.25(f)] Severity – 6 Remember, many of these violations are noted in the Severity charts as “driver responsible,” which means • Emergency GladHand –Audible Air leak even though it is a maintenance item, the driver is [393.45(a)] Severity – 4 responsible for noting and repairing defects before • Inadequate/contaminated brake linings [393.47] taking the vehicle onto the highway. The violations Severity – 4 noted as Driver Responsible will be recorded against • No/discharged/unsecured fire extinguisher the driver’s record and be used in the Driver Safety Measurement System. [393.95(a)(1)(i) Severity – 2 Protect your ability to drive. Follow the rules. Pre-trip Notice the pattern of these examples. The violations the vehicle thoroughly, fix items noted during the with high severity scores are those that are more inspections and complete the necessary forms. likely to cause a crash. Suspension issues are very serious and could cause the vehicle to lose control and cause a crash. A bad tire or steering systems can also cause a crash, but not having a proper or secured fire extinguisher, while still a regulation and requirement is not as likely to cause a crash. The Vehicle Maintenance BASIC has one of the longest lists of violations in the entire CSA 2010 Carrier Safety Measurement System; approximately 273. If you would like to review them for yourself, go to the CSA 2010 web site - http://csa2010.fmcsa.dot.gov. Click on Motor Carriers and Drivers, go all the way to the bottom of the page, click on CSA 2010 related materials and click on Safety Measurement System (SMS) to open the PDF file with this information. Thanks for your time and attention to this important Driver Education Topic. Information provided is advisory in nature.
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