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Point of view of the forest sector regarding the by fuf15836

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									Point of view of the forest sector
regarding the renewable energy
             sources

                         Kristaps Klauss
       Latvian Forest Industry federation
            Cooperation in Forest cluster
         Latvian Association of Independent          Association "Latvijas             Latvian Union of Timber
           Timber Harvesting Companies                    Mēbeles"                     Harversting Companies

                          Latvian Timber Producers’ &                Latvian Association of Wood
                              Traders’ Association               Processing Companies and Exporters


                               Latvian biomass association        Association "Latvijas Koks"

Architects;
                                              Latvian Forest Industry Federation
Builders;                                                                                             Latvia University of
                                               Forest Sector Information Centre                           Agriculture
Project
                                              Forest and Wood Product Research
developers;                                       and Development Institute;
                    Association "ZaĜās
                                                                                                       Institute of Wood
Financial                mājas"                Management of Measurement and                              Chemistry;
sector;                                       Inventory of Latvian Timber Products

Environment                                    Technological platform of Latvian                      Forestry Research
                                                        forest sector                                  Institute "Silava"
al
organisations                                         Competence Centre

                                    Forest Owners'           Latvian Confederation of Forest
                                     Association                 Owners and Managers



                                   Latvian private forest          A/s "Latvijas Valsts meži" -
                                    owners and unions             manager of state-owned forests
                                                                                                                             2
Participation in international organisations

  • C.E.I. – Bois – European Confederation of
    Woodworking Industries
  • U.E.A – European Furniture Manufacturers Federation
  • FEIC – European Federation of the Playwood Industry
  • EPF – European Panel Federation
  • EOS – European Organisation of the Sawmill Industry
  • CEF- Confederation of European Forest Owners
  • ELO – European Landowners' Organisation
  • EUSTAFOR – European State Forest Association
  • Forest Advisory Committee of the European Comission

                         3
    Strategy for Use of Renewable energy
          sources (RES) 2006-2013
•   Adopted in government in October 2006. Describes the current situation
    and potential of RES and establishes RES policy for Latvia
•   Objectives:
                  -Increase of share of RES in energy supply
                  -Increase of the security of energy supply
                  -Long term RES contribution to reduction of GHG emissions

•   Priorities:   - increase  of competitiveness of RES
                  - use of biomass
                  - the pilot projects introducing new technologies
                  - research
•   RES - targets :
                  - RES-e   49,3% of consumption in 2010
                  - RES in total energy supply at least 35%
                  - biofuel 5,75% of consumption in 2010
RES target for 2020
                                  Wood flow in Latvia
                                                         10,11 2007.gads Koksnes bilance, milj.m3
         Oficiāli izcirsts pēc VMD oficiālajiem datiem - 10.11 milj.m3. 2007.gads Koksnes bilance
                                                11,96 (kopā ar mizu, garuma virsmēru, raukuma virsmēru un neuzskaitīto koksni)
         Pārrēėinot pēc patērētās koksnes - milj. m3 (kopā ar mizu,garuma virsmēru.raukuma virsmēru un neuzskaitīto izciršanu)


           6,79                   11,96                         0,75                     3,02                                0,13                        1,26        Eksports
                                                                                                                                                                     Eksports
                                                                                                                                                                     (bilance)
                                (bilance)
                        Imports z/b mil.m3
                                                                                                       2,7                                                                  0,44
                                   0,79                                                           (bilance)
                                                                                         Eksports mil.milj.m3
         zāăēšana
ZāăbaĜėu zāăēš.
                                           Finierkl.lobīšana
                                           Finierkluču lobīšana             Papīrmalka, tievkoksne
                                                                            Papīrmalka,tievā kokse              GuĜbūves,stabi,Apdare
                                                                                                                GuĜbūves,stabi                    Malka
         7,58

                                     Iežuvums                                                       0,32                                                             0,82
 4,02      Z/m žāvēti              0,11
                   3,46                                                      OSB ražotne
                                          SaplākšĦi,finieri
                                          Saplāksnis,fin                                                                             GuĜbūves,stabi
                                                                             0,15
                                                    0,24
 Eksports (bilance)
 Z/m eksports( CSB)                                                                               Virpošana
                                                                                                                                           0,10
                                                                                                  0,17
           1,50                       1,96                                  0,06

              1,58 kopā                      0,31             0,07                                                                                0,07
                                                                                                                 produkti
                                                                                                           Dārza produkc
  Profilēšana      Mēb.plātnes,
                   Mēb.plātnes      Tarai,u.c
  māju b.                                            Neapstrād.                                                   0,12
                   galdniecība
                   mēbel.galdn.
                                                     (celtniec.)
                                                     (celtniec)
                                                                                                                  0,04                                               0,75
    Māju būvn.
    Būvkonstrukc.,                                                           OSB plātnes
    apšuvums,                                                                                                                                 KSP plātnes
    durvis,logi u.c.                                            0,45                      0,1
                                                                                                                                                         0,24

           0,58           Mēbeles, mēbeĜu
                          Mēbeles,plātnes                                                                                           0,07
                          sagataves
                                                                                                                                                                Malka krāsnīm
Kurināmās šėeldas (mizas,gabalatlikumi, skaidas), celulozes (tehnoloăiskās) šėeldas un mežizstrādes atliekas
                           Kurināmā šėelda (mizas,gabalatlikumi,ēveĜskaida) un papīrmalkas šėelda. milj.m3                              6,0                      milj.m3
                                                                                                                                                                     3,10
        mežizstrādes šėeldas                                                                                                               0,95
 0,49
                                                                                    0,91   Centralizētai siltuma ražošanai,t.sk. uzĦēm.k/m (CSB)
        Šėeldas, t.sk.tehnoloăiskās, granulas,
        Eksports,šėelda,granulas                                         0,692 Koksnes pārstrādes, u.c.rūpniecībā (CSB)                   Malka:atĜautie 10 m3 meža
        (bez malkas): Eksports (bilance)
                                                               0,764 Sabiedriskais, komerciālais sektors (CSB)                            īpašn.u.c
                                                                                                                                          īpašn., u.c
            2,7                                                                                                                                           1,40

                                gala produkts                          kurināmā koksne                                                            malka patērēta Latvijā
                                                                                                                                                                        J.Zalans, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                       (J.Zalans, 2008)
                                                              Option No. 1          Option No. 2
Origin of wood fuel 2007.
                                                                 mill. m3             mill. m3
Wood processing by-product - woo fuel                                 4,34                 4,34
Firewood from fellings                                                1,26                 1,26
Wood fuel from harvesting branches and non forest land                0,49                 0,49
Firewood from private forests without felling permits                 1,43                 1,93
Total extraction of wood fuel in Latvia                               7,52                 8,02

                                                               Option No. 1         Option No. 2
Utilization of wood fuel - 2007.
                                                                  mill. m3             mill. m3
Extraction of wood fuel                                               7,52                  8,02
Firewood export balance                                               0,44                  0,44
Firewood and wood fibre                                               0,15                  0,15
Wooden chips export balance                                           0,54                  0,54
Briquetes and granules export balance                                 0,92                  0,92
Total utilization of wood fuel in Latvia                              5,47                  5,97


                                                              Option No. 1          Option No. 2
Consumption of wood fuel in Latvia 2007.                      mill.                 mill.
                                                              m3              %     m3             %

Central heating, incuding private boiler rooms                0,91           16,6   0,91          15,3

Industry - technology, heating                                0,69           12,7   0,69          11,6

Public sector - heating production for personal consumption   0,76           14     0,76          12,8
Households: heating, hot water, food preparation              3,1            56,7    3,6          60,3

Totall consumption of fuel wood in latvia                     5,47           100    5,97           100
Wood fuel export balance - 2007.
                                           mill. m3.   TWh
Firewood export balance                         0,44    0,89
Wooden chips export balance                     0,54    1,07
Briquetes and granules export balance           0,92     2,1
Total wood fuel balance                          1,9    4,09



Potential fuel resouces of exported timber in Latvia 2007.
                                           mill. m3.   TWh
                 Wood fuel                       1,9    4,08
          Technological woodchips                1,2     2,4
                 Pulpwood                       2,62    4,96
                    Total                       5,72   11,44




                                        ???
                                                                    Ls / MWh




                                                10
                                                     15
                                                          20
                                                               25
                                                                    30
                                                                         35
                                                                              40
                                                                                   45
                                                                                        50
                                                                                             55
                                                                                                  60

                        Mālpils "Norma K"
                          "Rūjienas Siltums"
                     "Ludzas Bio-Enerăija"
                      Talsi -"Bio - Enerăija"




    Biomass
                                      Valka
                         "Madonas Siltums"
                      "Kuldīgas Siltumtīkli"
                         "Tukuma Siltums"
                        Alūksne - "Simone"
                                   Ventspils
                         "Limbažu Siltums"
                          "Krāslavas Nami"
                        "Valmieras Siltums"
                                "PĜaviĦu KP
                      "Komforts", Tukums
                   "Vangažu Namsaimnieks"
                      "Aizkraukles Siltums"
                      Ogres PA "Mālkalne"

    Cogeneration
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Heating tarrifs




                            Bauskas siltums
                             "Rīgas Siltums"
                      "Wesemann - Sigulda"
                        "Lielvārdes Remte"
                         "Jēkabpils Siltums"
                          Cēsis, SIA "CB"
                    "Daugavpils Siltumtīkli"
                            "Saldus Siltums"
                                   Rēzekne
    Gas




                          "Fortum Jelgava"
                                                                                                       Apstiprinātie Latvijas pilsētu siltumtarifi (bez PVN) 2008/09.g. 01.10.2008. (LSUA biedri)




                         "Jūrmalas Siltums"
                                      Olaine
                          "Salaspils Siltums"
9




                         "Liepājas Enerăija"
Added Value Chains Compared




       Multiplication Factor 10
                                  (FBI Forum, 2003)
Social Value Chains Compared




       Multiplication Factor 30   (FBI Forum, 2003)
        Pulpwood import volume (yearly)



Sweden 9 - 10 million                                                  Х
m3
                                                                        Х
Finland 14 - 17 million                                    Kajaani/UPM Kymmene

m3                                                                           Х
                                   Utansjö/Rottneros
                                                         Leivonamäki
   Plants closed until                                                       Х
                                                  Tervasaari/UPM Kymmene
   the end of 2008.               Gävle/Stora Enso                 Heinola

                                          Stockholm
   Stoppages for
   more than 90           Vargön/Holmen
   days



                                                                                 12
         Potential forest cluster in Latvia




                  Sawnwood   Plywood   Wooden      MDF   OSB
                             LVL        chip
                             Veneer    boards
  Pulp & paper




Secon use paper
                                           Second use
                   Energy                    timber
                                                               13
           Latvian volumes VS Global import



       The flow and consumption of wood biomass TWh/year


250

                                                                    - Wood biomass for
200                                                                 heating


                                                                    - Wood biomass for
150                                                                 electricity production


100                                                                 - Export of wood
                                                                    biomass

50                                                                  - Resource potential of
                                                                    wood biomass


 0
      SE              FIN               DE                 LV exp




                                                                                       14
            Thank you for your attention!



Kristaps Klauss
E-mail: kristaps.klauss@latvianwood.lv
Mob. +371 29473857

								
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