DESIGN of A grassroots COMMUNITY DISASTER RESPONSE PLAN USING by kch10832

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									   DESIGN of A grassroots COMMUNITY DISASTER RESPONSE PLAN USING OPEN-SOURCE GIS
                                                                                                                                                                    Jennifer Lumbert
                                                                           Dr. Steven Steinberg                                                                 Humboldt State University                                                                                    Dr. Guy-Alain Amoussou
                                                                         Humboldt State University                                                                jml64@humboldt.edu                                                                                        Humboldt State University
                                                                            gis@humboldt.edu                                                                                                                                                                                amoussou@humboldt.edu
                                                                                                                                                              Kenyatta Perkins
                                                                                                                                                          Kennesaw State University
                                                                                                                                                       klp7371@students.kennesaw.edu


MOTIVATION                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE (GUI)
                                                                                                               Graphical INTERFACE
Due to the risk of isolation after a catastrophic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Designed using principles of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI)
earthquake or other serious disaster, the                                                                                                                                   Welcome to the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Usability: user’s ease in operating the system
community of Freshwater, California is developing                                                                                                                           Freshwater Disaster
                                                                                                                                                                            Preparedness Site!
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           intuitive layouts, concise questions, and each interface screen prints on
a response plan for managing relief efforts                                                                                                                                   New User                  Existing User
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           one page; reports are predefined and easily turned on/off.
themselves until official assistance arrives.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Usefulness: user’s ability to produce results
CLIENT’S NEED
                                                                                                             The information collected
                                                                                                             below will be added to the
                                                                                                             Freshwater Database,
                                                                                                             allowing residents’ resources,                                                                                                                                                each screen prints on one page; predefined reports with on/off buttons
                                                                                                             skills, and needs to be
                                                                                                             mapped for coordinated                                     ONLINE ENTRY FORM
                                                                                                             community response to

Disaster-relevant community information in printed,                                                                                                                       Easy to navigate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           RESULTS
                                                                                                             disasters.
                                                                                                                              Begin form

                                                                                                                                                                          Simple to update
yet updateable, format                                                                                                                                                   Password secured
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           •New users must fill out preparedness form to get an account
FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
                                                                                                                        Section 1: Name



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           •Existing users can update information, view limited maps, and add
                                                                                                                       First:
                                                                                                                       Last:



•Secure online entry form for residents to enter Skills,                                                               *********                Continue                                                                                                                                   comments to a ‘blog’.
Resources, and Needs (SRNs) into spatial database                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          •Two levels of access: Captains and Residents
                                                                                                                                                                      Form completed!

•5 Predefined reports: first aid skills, medical expertise,                                                                                                           Thank you! A login and
                                                                                                                                                                      password will be emailed to you
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           •Resident’s maps show gathering sites, instructions, and captains’
                                                                                                                                                                      upon authentication for access

ham radio operators, generators, and wells/water tanks                                                                                                                to resident & community maps.


                                                                                                                                                                      *********                          Exit                                                                              contacts
•Printable maps and rosters displaying SRNs and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           •Captain’s maps display detailed, customizable reports; link to
neighborhood information                                                                                                                                                                                                      LOGIN:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         PASSWORD:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           rosters
                                                                                                                                                                            Captain                                                           Enter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Resident                         •Printable neighborhood rosters for post-disaster head counts
METHODS                                                                        FRESHWATER DISASTER
                                                                               Management plan
                                                                                                                           COMMUNITY MAP                                                                                                                                        FRESHWATER DISASTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Management plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  COMMUNITY MAP


•HostGIS, open-source spatial database platform
                                                                                      LAYERS

                                                                                   Equipment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BE PREPARED!
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Have your supplies:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cms
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SUMMARY
                                                                                   Skills
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 •Water                                                     C

utilizing PostgreSQL, PostGIS, and Mapserver                                       Special Needs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 •Lantern/flashlights
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 •Canned or dried food                                             C                                                •Fills the need for immediate disaster
                                                                                    REPORTS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  C


•Road, parcel, and aerial photo as base layers                                    Show All Radio Operators
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                KNOW YOUR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MEETING SPOTS!                                                                       C                              response by and for the community
                                                                                  Show All Medical Expertise          Coordinates: 400065, 4300219
                                                                                                                                                                                                        NEIGHBORHOOD ROSTER                                                     •Family ____________
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            C

                                                                                                                                                           0    0.1   0.2   0.3   0.4 mi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                __________________

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •Open-source platform removes cost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Coordinates: 400065, 4300219
                                                                                                                                                                                                        NAME            ADDRESS         SKILLS        EQUIPMENT NEEDS                                                                                  0   0.1       0.2    0.3   0.4 mi
                                                                                  Show All Medical Needs              SYMBOLS USED:

•Residents defined neighborhoods using clear                                                                                                                                                                            345                           Chainsaw                  •Neighborhood______             SYMBOLS USED:
                                                                                  Show All Generators
                                                                                                                                                               View Community
                                                                                                                                                                    Roster                          √   Gus Rilke                                                                                                                                          Update Your
                                                                                                                         First Aid                                                                                      Kennesaw Dr.                                              __________________                                                       Information
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 First Aid
                                                                                                                                                                                                    √

overlays on a map to group parcels
                                                                                  Show All Wells/Water Tanks             Generator
                                                                                                                                                           Select Neighborhood

                                                                                                                                                                                                    √
                                                                                                                                                                                                        John Dess

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Libby
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  348
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Kennesaw Dr.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    14 Honeydew         CPR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Wheelchair bound•Community________

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                __________________
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            C    Captain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          cms Community Meeting Spot
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Go To Your
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Neighborhood                             barriers
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Kirkpatrick Lane
                                                                                                                                                                                                    √

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •Simple interface design reduces
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Frank           18 Honeydew     Crisis


•SRN data collected at household level
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Jones           Lane            Counseling
                                                                                                                                                                                                ??
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Satchel         23 Honeydew                   Generator
                                                                                                                                                                                                ??      Higgins         Lane

                                                                                                                                                                                                    √   Betty Lee
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        568 Apple Rd.                             Infant
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    need for trained personnel
•Online entry form mirrors paper form to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        800 Apple Rd. First Aid
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sam Fell
                                                                                                                                                                                                    √
                                                                              FRESHWATER COMMUNITY                          Neighborhood MAP:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Neighborhood hazard zone maps
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ralph           912 Apple Rd.
                                                                              DISASTER PLANning                                 How ard Heights                                                         Freisman
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  FRESHWATER DISASTER                   Neighborhood MAP:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Management plan                           Howard Heights
data integrity                                                                      LAYERS                                                                                                               Sue Yura
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        974 Apple Rd.                 Ham Radio

                                                                                  Equipment

                                                                                  Skills
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   YOUR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   NEIGHBORHOOD                                                            C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    based on slope, vegetation, and
•Household data linked to map by parcel numbers                                   Special Needs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   CAPTAIN:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            nms
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    geomorphology will aid pre-disaster
                                                                                   REPORTS                                                                                                                                                                                         Robert Zimmerman



•HostGIS template source code adjusted for a                                     Show All Radio Operators
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1300 Hwy 51
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Freshwater, CA 95570
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    planning
                                                                                 Show All Medical Expertise
                                                                                                                     Coordinates: 400065, 4300219


customized map/report layout                                                     Show All Medical Needs

                                                                                 Show All Generators
                                                                                                                     SYMBOLS USED:
                                                                                                                                                                  0   0.1   0.2




                                                                                                                                                               View Community
                                                                                                                                                                                   0.3     0.4 mi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (707) 441-6973
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   bob_d@yahoo.com
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Coordinates: 400065, 4300219


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SYMBOLS USED:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0    0.1




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Update Your
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0.2     0.3    0.4 mi


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •Transferable to other communities
                                                                                                                                                                     Map                                                                                                                                           First Aid                                     Information
                                                                                                                       First Aid
                                                                                 Show All Wells/Water Tanks

                                                                                 Make Unique Report
                                                                                                                       Generator
                                                                                                                                                           View Neighborhood
                                                                                                                                                                 Roster                                                                                                                                    nms
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                C Captain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          cms Neighborhood Meeting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               View Community
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Map
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    with similar needs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Spot




 Acknowledgements: This work was sponsored by the National Science Foundation Research Experience for Undergraduates – Role Models in Science program focused on the Science of Design under Grant No. 0453491, hosted by Humboldt State University, Arcata
     California. Special thanks to the following people: Doug Renwick, Matt Perry, and Gregor Mosheh of HostGIS.com for providing server and technical support; Sharon Tuttle for database help, and Joshua Eckroth and Mike Gough for programming assistance.

								
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