DESIGN of A grassroots COMMUNITY DISASTER RESPONSE PLAN USING OPEN-SOURCE GIS Jennifer Lumbert Dr. Steven Steinberg Humboldt State University Dr. Guy-Alain Amoussou Humboldt State University firstname.lastname@example.org Humboldt State University email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Kenyatta Perkins Kennesaw State University email@example.com MOTIVATION GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE (GUI) Graphical INTERFACE Due to the risk of isolation after a catastrophic Designed using principles of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) earthquake or other serious disaster, the Welcome to the Usability: user’s ease in operating the system community of Freshwater, California is developing Freshwater Disaster Preparedness Site! intuitive layouts, concise questions, and each interface screen prints on a response plan for managing relief efforts New User Existing User one page; reports are predefined and easily turned on/off. themselves until official assistance arrives. Usefulness: user’s ability to produce results CLIENT’S NEED The information collected below will be added to the Freshwater Database, allowing residents’ resources, each screen prints on one page; predefined reports with on/off buttons skills, and needs to be mapped for coordinated ONLINE ENTRY FORM community response to Disaster-relevant community information in printed, Easy to navigate RESULTS disasters. Begin form Simple to update yet updateable, format Password secured •New users must fill out preparedness form to get an account FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS Section 1: Name •Existing users can update information, view limited maps, and add First: Last: •Secure online entry form for residents to enter Skills, ********* Continue comments to a ‘blog’. Resources, and Needs (SRNs) into spatial database •Two levels of access: Captains and Residents Form completed! •5 Predefined reports: first aid skills, medical expertise, Thank you! A login and password will be emailed to you •Resident’s maps show gathering sites, instructions, and captains’ upon authentication for access ham radio operators, generators, and wells/water tanks to resident & community maps. ********* Exit contacts •Printable maps and rosters displaying SRNs and •Captain’s maps display detailed, customizable reports; link to neighborhood information LOGIN: PASSWORD: rosters Captain Enter Resident •Printable neighborhood rosters for post-disaster head counts METHODS FRESHWATER DISASTER Management plan COMMUNITY MAP FRESHWATER DISASTER Management plan COMMUNITY MAP •HostGIS, open-source spatial database platform LAYERS Equipment BE PREPARED! Have your supplies: C C cms SUMMARY Skills •Water C utilizing PostgreSQL, PostGIS, and Mapserver Special Needs •Lantern/flashlights •Canned or dried food C •Fills the need for immediate disaster REPORTS C •Road, parcel, and aerial photo as base layers Show All Radio Operators KNOW YOUR MEETING SPOTS! C response by and for the community Show All Medical Expertise Coordinates: 400065, 4300219 NEIGHBORHOOD ROSTER •Family ____________ C 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 mi __________________ •Open-source platform removes cost Coordinates: 400065, 4300219 NAME ADDRESS SKILLS EQUIPMENT NEEDS 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 mi Show All Medical Needs SYMBOLS USED: •Residents defined neighborhoods using clear 345 Chainsaw •Neighborhood______ SYMBOLS USED: Show All Generators View Community Roster √ Gus Rilke Update Your First Aid Kennesaw Dr. __________________ Information First Aid √ overlays on a map to group parcels Show All Wells/Water Tanks Generator Select Neighborhood √ John Dess Libby 348 Kennesaw Dr. 14 Honeydew CPR Wheelchair bound•Community________ __________________ C Captain cms Community Meeting Spot Go To Your Neighborhood barriers Kirkpatrick Lane √ •Simple interface design reduces Frank 18 Honeydew Crisis •SRN data collected at household level Jones Lane Counseling ?? Satchel 23 Honeydew Generator ?? Higgins Lane √ Betty Lee 568 Apple Rd. Infant need for trained personnel •Online entry form mirrors paper form to ensure 800 Apple Rd. First Aid Sam Fell √ FRESHWATER COMMUNITY Neighborhood MAP: • Neighborhood hazard zone maps Ralph 912 Apple Rd. DISASTER PLANning How ard Heights Freisman FRESHWATER DISASTER Neighborhood MAP: Management plan Howard Heights data integrity LAYERS Sue Yura 974 Apple Rd. Ham Radio Equipment Skills YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD C based on slope, vegetation, and •Household data linked to map by parcel numbers Special Needs CAPTAIN: nms geomorphology will aid pre-disaster REPORTS Robert Zimmerman •HostGIS template source code adjusted for a Show All Radio Operators 1300 Hwy 51 Freshwater, CA 95570 planning Show All Medical Expertise Coordinates: 400065, 4300219 customized map/report layout Show All Medical Needs Show All Generators SYMBOLS USED: 0 0.1 0.2 View Community 0.3 0.4 mi (707) 441-6973 firstname.lastname@example.org Coordinates: 400065, 4300219 SYMBOLS USED: 0 0.1 Update Your 0.2 0.3 0.4 mi •Transferable to other communities Map First Aid Information First Aid Show All Wells/Water Tanks Make Unique Report Generator View Neighborhood Roster nms C Captain cms Neighborhood Meeting View Community Map with similar needs Spot Acknowledgements: This work was sponsored by the National Science Foundation Research Experience for Undergraduates – Role Models in Science program focused on the Science of Design under Grant No. 0453491, hosted by Humboldt State University, Arcata California. Special thanks to the following people: Doug Renwick, Matt Perry, and Gregor Mosheh of HostGIS.com for providing server and technical support; Sharon Tuttle for database help, and Joshua Eckroth and Mike Gough for programming assistance.
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