"AFRICA-EU DIALOGUE Implementation of the Joint Strategy and"
OVERVIEW OF EXISTING PARTNERSHIPS: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES Dr. Maxwell M. Mkwezalamba Commissioner for Economic Affairs African Union Commission 1 Presentation Outline I. Selected African priorities II. Addressing the priorities through partnership III. Overview of strategic partnerships IV. Opportunities V. Challenges VI. Recommendations for improving Africa’s partnerships with the rest of the world 2 I. Selected African priorities In Africa’s quest for socio-economic development, regional and continental integration and integration into the global economy, the following are critical: 1. Infrastructure development 2. Trade and investment 3. Agricultural development 4. Market access 5. Technology transfer 6. Capacity building 7. Industrialization 8. Peace and security 9. The social sector 10. Integration 3 II. Addressing the Priorities through Partnership Strategic partnerships can help Africa achieve its development and integration objectives in a number of ways, including: Addressing the resource constraints (financial, human and technical) Infrastructure development Market access Support efforts to enhance peace and security Capacity support for regional and continental organizations (AUC and RECs) Harnessing support for Africa’s positions at international fora Sharing of experiences in the integration process Enhancing trade and investment 4 III. Overview of Strategic Partnerships Africa continues to seek and strengthen strategic partnerships, both through North-South and South- South cooperation. Key among existing partnerships are: Africa-EU TICAD Africa-China (FOCAC) Africa-India Africa-South America Africa-Turkey 5 IV. Opportunities ● Potential to develop infrastructure ● Potential for higher levels of ODA to Africa ● Opportunities for trade & investment and technology transfer ● Market access opportunities ● Support for peace and security ● Support for capacity building ● Huge potential for support to the African agenda at the level of the UN and other international fora ● Sharing of experiences in the area of regional and continental integration 6 V. Challenges Difference of emphasis (political dialogue vs economic and development cooperation) Similar areas covered by all partners (need for division of labour) Addressing resource constraints to ensure effective implementation Lack of effective implementation mechanism and follow-up Pan-African approach vs bilateral arrangements Risk of increasing Africa’s indebtedness Risk of locking Africa in her traditional role as primary product exporter Lack of adequate financing instruments to reflect the new Pan-African approach Lack of coherence between partners’ policies towards Africa at continental level and those of individual Member States at bilateral level Full involvement of all stakeholders in the implementation process 7 VI. Recommendations for improving Africa’s partnerships with the rest of the world A. Africa’s responsibilities Africa’s strategic partnerships should be anchored on a clearly articulated vision and strategy, consistent with that of the AU and its NEPAD programme. Partnerships must be designed to support national, regional and continental agenda for development Member States should not allow bilateral engagements to undermine regional/continental engagement with partners Need for Member States to show more political leadership and empower the AU Commission to coordinate and follow-up on partnerships. The Commission, on its part, should improve on the management of partnerships The African Union should develop a strong multilateral framework within which the RECs and Member States will engage partners (on basis of principle of subsidiarity) Africa must not be over-dependent on partners for its development. Rather, partnerships should complement Africa’s internal development efforts Areas of intervention should be based on competence and comparative advantage of partners (e.g India and ICT; China and infrastructure, etc.) Africa must face partners as a united continent and strengthen its integration agenda. Pan- African institutions should harmonise approaches and avoid duplication of effort Joint Secretariat (AU-ECA-AfDB-RECs) should be reactivated and partnership coordination made a permanent item on its agenda 8 VI. Recommendations for improving Africa’s partnerships with the rest of the world B. Partners’ responsibilities Need to support the implementation of Africa’s development and integration agenda. Partnerships must strengthen areas in which Africa is weak Need to meet ODA and other financial commitments to Africa in a timely manner Partners should help portray a more positive image of Africa Partners should be encouraged to design financing instruments to better meet the needs of the partnerships, e.g the EU’s financing instruments Interventions by partners should put emphasis on regional/continental dimension (e.g. Support to regional/continental infrastructure projects) Need for more effective coordination of partners’ activities in line with the Paris and Accra Declarations 9 VI. Recommendations for improving Africa’s partnerships with the rest of the world C. Shared responsibilities Both sides should ensure that the strategic partnerships are based on the principle of equality, mutual trust and benefit, and not that of donor and recipient The approach to the partnership should be one of co- development in which both parties agree to commit their resources and assets for common interests. Partnerships should harness the experience and comparative advantage of partners in achieving Africa’s development and integration objectives Both sides should work together to agree on common positions at international fora as well as support each other’s positions in particular cases Need to involve all stakeholders in the implementation of partnerships 10 Thank you for your kind attention. 11