ACTION PLAN FOR ERADICATION OF CHILD LABOUR IN TAMIL by iqm86975

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									        ACTION PLAN FOR
ERADICATION OF CHILD LABOUR IN
           TAMIL NADU
        (G. O. Ms. 53, L & E (U2) Dept., dt.12.05.03)
        (G. O.

   (With Amendments vide Ref: Letter No.36271/U2/2003-1
   (With                 Ref: Letter
              dated 30.12.2003 L & E Dept.)




         LABOUR & EMPLOYMENT DEPARTMENT
              GOVERNMENT OF TAMILNADU




                       PUBLISHED BY

STATE CHILD LABOUR REHABILITATION CUM WELFARE SOCIETY

                      CHENNAI - 600 006.
GOVERNMENT OF TAMILNADU                                                      MANUSCRIPT SERIES
        2003

                                            ABSTRACT
Child Labour eradication - Hon’ble Chief Minister’s 15 Point Programme - “Action Plan”
for Eradication of Child Labour - Approved.

                             Labour & Employment (U2) Department
                                                                            Read:-
               From the Commissioner of Labour Letter No.T1/891/02, dated 23.7.02

G.O. (Ms.) No. 53                                                     Dated: 12.5.2003



ORDER:

    The Constitution of India enjoins that education should be made free and compulsory for all children
untill they complete the age of 14 years. It prohibits employment of any child below the age of 14
years in any factory or mines or any hazardous employment. There are also a number of Central and
State Laws prohibiting or regulating employment of children. However the practice of employing
children has not yet been fully eradicated. The Hon’ble Chief Minister has announced a 15 Point
Programme for making Tamil Nadu the best State in the Country in every sphere. Eradication of Child
Labour is one of the 15 Points. To achieve the above goal an “Action Plan” has been prepared in
consultation with various departments of the State Government.


  2. (i) The Action Plan has the goals of Eradication of child labour in all hazardous occupation by
2005 and in all non-hazardous occupations by 2007.
      (ii) The Action Plan has proposed the following strategies to achieve the above goals:
    a. Survey and identify working children.
    b. Rescue child workers and admit them in Special schools.
    c. Mainstream the children from special schools into formal schools.
    d. Conduct special drives to enroll in schools all children in the age group 5 to 7 years.
    e. Strengthen formal education.
    f. Enforce strictly laws prohibiting child labour.
    g. Generate social awareness that children should go to school and not to work.
    h. Target implementation of development schemes to benefit families of rescued child labour.
    i. Achieve convergence of services of departments and of NGOs.
    j. Reward Panchayats and Municipalities, which become free of child labour.
3. The Government, after careful consideration, approve the “Action Plan for Eradication of Child
Labour” as in the annexure.
4. The Action Plan will be implemented through National Child Labour Project Societies in Tirunelveli,
Thoothukudi, Virudhunagar, Pudukottai, Tiruchirappalli, Vellore, Salem, Dharmapuri, Coimbatore and
Chennai Districts. In other Districts the Action Plan will be implemented through District Child Labour

                                                                                                      3
Rehabilitation-cum-Welfare Societies, for which the District Collectors are the Chairmen. At State
level, it will be implemented through a State Child Labour Rehabilitation-Cum-Welfare Society, for
which the Commissioner of Labour, Chennai will be the Chairman. The Commissioner of Labour,
Chennai is requested to send proposals immediately to Government for constituting the State Child
Labour Rehabilitation-Cum-Welfare Society.
5. The Departments noted in the address entry are requested to implement the Action Plan immediately
and extend the fullest co-operation to the Collectors and the Commissioner of Labour for the successful
implementation of the Action Plan. The District Collectors, who play a vital role in achieving
convergence of services of all Governmental and non-Governmental agencies are requested to effectively
implement the Action Plan.
6. Most of the activities in the Action Plan may be funded out of resources provided already under the
National Child Labour Projects. For taking up other activities, the Commissioner of Labour has proposed
that a sum of Rs. 1.25 crores may be provided for the period up to 2007. The Government accepts the
proposal and sanction an initial amount of Rs.25 lakhs (Rupees twenty five lakhs only) to the State
Child Labour Rehabilitation-cum-Welfare Society for implementing the Action Plan at District level
and State level.
7. Progress of implementation of the Action Plan shall be monitored by the Commissioner of Labour
and a report sent to Government by 10th of each month.
8. The amount sanctioned in para 6 above shall be debited to the following new sub head of account to
be opened under Demand No.31 as detailed below:
     “2235-Social Security and Welfare-02 Social Welfare-102 Child Welfare-Schemes in the
     10th FiveYear Plan-II State Plan - KG-Assistance to State Child Labour Rehabilitation-cum
     -Welfare Society-09 Grants in aid-01. Grants for current expenditure (DPC No.2235 02-
     102-KG- 0914)
9. The Commissioner of Labour is the estimating, reconciling and controlling authority for the above
new sub-head of account. The Pay and Accounts officer/Treasury Officer are requested to open the
above new sub-head in the accounts.
10. The Commissioner of Labour is authorised to draw and disburse the amount to the above Society.
11. The expenditure sanctioned in para 6 above shall consitute an item of “New Service”. Pending
approval of the Legislature, the expenditure shall initially be met by an advance from the Contingency
Fund. The Commissioner of Labour is requested to apply for the advance in the prescribed format in
duplicate to the Finance (BG1) Department along with the explanatory note to include in the FSE
2003-2004.
12. This order issues with the concurrence of Finance Department vide its U.O. No. 750/FS/P/ 2003
dated 21.2.2003 and additional sanction ledger No.60.


                                     / By order of the Governor /
                                                                       M.B. PRANESH,
                                                              Principal Secretary to Government,

To
The Secretary to Government, MA & WS Department, Chennai-9.
The Secretary to Government, R.D. Department, Chennai-9.

4
The Secretary to Government, Home Department, Chennai-9.
The Secretary to Government, School Education Department, Chennai-9.
The Secretary to Government, H.& F.W Department, Chennai-9.
The Secretary to Government, P.W. Department, Chennai-9.
The Development Commissioner & Secretary to Government, Finance Department, Chennai-9.
The Secretary to Government, S.W.& N.M.P. Department, Chennai-9.
The Secretary to Government, Highways Department, Chennai-9.
The Secretary to Government, I.& T. Department, Chennai-9.
The Commissioner of Labour, Chennai-6.
The Chief Inspector of Factories, Chennai-5.
The Commissioner of Municipal Administration, Chennai-5.
The Director of Rural Development, Chennai-15.
The Director General of Police, Chennai-4.
The Director of School Education, Chennai-6.
The Director of Elementary Education, Chennai-6.
The State Project Director, District Primary Education Programme, Chennai-6.
The Director of Public Health and Preventive Medicines, Chennai-6.
The Chief Engineer (General), PWD, Chennai-5.
The Director of Social Welfare, Chennai-5.
The Chief Engineer (Highways), Chennai-5.
The Director for Information and Public Relations, Chennai-9.
All Collectors
The Accountant General, Chennai-18.
The Accountant General (By name), Chennai-18.
The Accountant General (CAS), Chennai-9.
The Pay and Accounts Officer (South), Chennai-35.


Copy to:
The Secretary to Hon’ble Chief Minister, Chennai-9.
The Senior P.A. to Minister of Labour, Chennai-9.
The P.A. to Chief Secretary, Chennai-9.
The Private Secretary to Principal Secretary, Chennai-9.
Labour & Employment (F) Department, Chennai-9.
Finance (L&E) / (BG1) Department, Chennai-9.
Stock File / Spare copies

                                            / true copy /

                                                                          Sd.
                                                                          Section Officer.

                                                                                             5
                                  ANNEXURE
                 ACTION PLAN FOR ERADICATION OF CHILD LABOUR
                                IN TAMIL NADU
         A CHILD’S PLEA

         I am a child,
         All the world waits for my coming,
         All the earth watches with interest to see what I shall become,
         Civilization hangs in the balance,
         For what I am, the world of tomorrow will be,
         I am the child,
         You hold in your hand my destiny,
         You determine, largely, whether I shall succeed or fail.
         Give me, I pray you, these things that make for happiness.
         Train me, I beg you, that I may be a blessing to the world.

                                                                                    -Mamie Gene Cole.

I.      INTRODUCTION

    A child of today cannot develop to be a responsible and productive member of tomorrow’s society
unless an environment, which is conducive to his intellectual, physical and social health is assured to
him. Every nation developed or developing, links its future with the status of its children. Childhood
holds the potential and also sets the limit to the future development of the society. Children are the
greatest gift to humanity. Neglecting children means loss to the society as a whole. If children are
deprived of their childhood-socially, economically, physically and mentally- the nation gets deprived
of potential human resources for the social progress, economic empowerment, peace and order, social
stability and good citizenry.

II.     INCIDENCE OF CHILD LABOUR

CHILD LABOUR DEFINITION

    The International Labour Organization:
    Child Labour includes children prematurely leading adult lives, working long hours for low wages
under conditions damaging to their health and to their physical and mental development. Sometimes
seperated from their families, frequently deprived of meaningful education and training opportunities
that would open for them a better future.
    Definition of child labour varies under various labour enactments. Some of them are given in
Annexure - II. According to these enactments, the minimum age for employment varies from 14 years
to 18 years.

GLOBAL

   Child labour problem is a global phenomenon. According to International Labour
Organization’s Bureau of Statistics (1998), there are 250-million child labourers in the age group

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5-14 in the developing countries. Of them, 120 million children are working full time and are engaged
in hazardous and exploitative occupations.

INDIA
    In India, according to 1991 census there were 11.29 million child workers. National sample survey
figures for the year 1999-2000 indicated that there were 10.4 million child labours.


TAMIL NADU
   In Tamil Nadu, according to 1991 census, there were 5.78 lakhs child workers. 48.2% of them
were male and 51.8% were female child workers. The survey for the SSA (Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan-
Education for all Programme) during the year 2001 has estimated child labour figures as 3.49 lakhs.

         OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF WORKING CHILDREN IN TAMILNADU
                                       BASED ON 1991 CENSUS

Category                     Percentage of            Percentage of             Percentage of
                             Male Child Workers       Female Child Workers All Child Workers


Cultivators                  18.78                    14.46                     16.70
Agricultural labourers       40.90                    53.43                     46.94
Manufacturing, Processing,
Servicing & Repairing in
Household Industry           4.64                     8.74                      6.62
Others                       35.68                    23.37                     29.74
Total                        100.00                   100.00                    100.00

     Livestock, Mining, Manufacturing, Processing, Servicing & Repairing in other than Household Industry
Construction, Trade, Transport and other services.

    In Tamilnadu about 64% of the child work force is concentrated in agriculture and allied activities.
Though agriculture is the predominant occupation where children are involved, employment of children
in manufacturing and service sector is quite significant in Tamilnadu with over 36% of the working
children.

    Child Labour is widely prevalent in Shops, Hotels and Restaurants in all the Districts of Tamil
Nadu. Child Labour is prevalent in match and fireworks industries of Virudunagar, Tuticorin, Tirunelveli
Districts, in tanneries of Vellore and Dindugal districts, in Hosiery industry or Tiruppur and Coimbatore,
in beedi industry of Tirunelveli and Vellore districts, Silver anklet manufacturing in Salem, Gem
cutting in Trichy and in Pudukottai.

    In 1995, a survey was conducted by the District Administration to identify children in child labour
intensified districts i.e. Vellore, Trichirappalli, Pudukottai, Salem, Coimbatore, Tirunelveli,
Virudhunagar and Dharmapuri. The identified children in the above districts were 2,45,796.


                                                                                                         7
III. LEGAL PROVISIONS

   The Constitution of India prohibits employment of children below the age of 14 years in factories,
mines or hazardous employments.

    The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 prohibits employment of children below
the age of 14 years in certain hazardous occupations and regulates their employment in other occupations.
This is a central Act.

   In Tamil Nadu, employment of children is prohibited altogether in the Tamil Nadu Shops and
Establishments Act, 1947 and the Tamil Nadu Catering Establishments Act, 1958.

IV. INITIATIVES
    Hon’ble Chief Minister Dr. J. Jayalalitha with vision and mission initiated efforts to eradicate
child labour in specific sectors in the year 1993.
     Survey and situational analysis of child labour in the match and fireworks belt in Virudhunagar
     and Tuticorin Districts were conducted in 1993 by Social Welfare Department.
     Tamil Nadu Rules were framed for the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 in the
     year 1994
     The Tamil Nadu Compulsory Elementary Education Act, was enacted in 1994.
     A State Advisory Board for child labour was constituted in 1995 under the chairmanship of
     Minister of Labour with representatives of other departments concerned.
     The Tamilnadu Slum Clearance Board, Chennai was alloted Rupees One Crore in March 1996
     for undertaking Child Labour Eradication Project in Chennai City.
     Enforcement machinery was geared up and training was given to officials.

    A National Child Labour Policy was formulated in the year 1987 with a view to address the problem
of child labour. Legislative and developmental measures were undertaken and project based action
plan was worked out. In Tamil Nadu, National Child Labour Projects were initiated in 10 child labour
endemic districts. Children were withdrawn from the hazardous establishments and were admitted in
special schools and mainstreamed into formal schools.

   In the National Conference on Child Labour held on 22 nd January 2001 at New Delhi it was
resolved to eradicate child labour in hazardous occupations and processes by the year 2005. In tune
with National Policy on Child Labour, the Government of Tamil Nadu have also initiated a number of
measures for the eradication Child Labour.

1. ENFORCEMENT OF LABOUR LAWS PROHIBITING CHILD LABOUR

   The Prohibitory provisions under the following labour enactments are implemented in the
State by the Assistant Inspectors of Labour, Deputy Inspectors of Labour, Inspectors of Labour
and Inspectress of Labour in the Labour Department and Assistant Inspectors of Factories and

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Inspectors of Factories in the Chief Inspectorate of Factories.

      The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986
      The Factories Act, 1948
      The Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961
      The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Condition of Employment) Act, 1966
      The Tamil Nadu Shops and Establishments Act, 1947
      The Tamil Nadu Catering Establishments Act, 1958

2. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DIRECTIONS OF THE SUPREME COURT

      The Supreme Court judgement in Writ Petition C. No.465/86, M.C.Mehta Vs. State of Tamil
      Nadu on 10.12.1996 on Child Labour.
      An establishment wise survey was conducted in April 1997.
      The State Government deposited a sum of Rs. 4,74,65,000/- in the State Child Labour
      Rehabilitation-Cum-Welfare Fund.
      Cases were filed under the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986.
      District level Child Labour Rehabilitation cum Welfare Fund Societies were formed.
      Monitoring cell was formed in the Labour Department to monitor the implementation of the
      Supreme Court’s direction

3. NATIONAL CHILD LABOUR PROJECT

      National Child Labour Projects are functioning in Virudhunagar, Salem, Pudukottai, Dharmapuri,
      Vellore, Tuticorin, Trichy, Coimbatore, Chennai and Tirunelveli.
      472 special Schools are functioning and 20,044-child labourers who are withdrawn from labour
      force are studying in these schools. They are provided with a stipend of Rs 100/-per month in
      addition to mid day meal and educational materials.

4. ILO-INTEGRATED PROGRAMME FOR ELEMINATION OF CHILD LABOUR
‘Intergrated Area Specific Approach against the Hazardous and Exploitative Forms of Child Labour’

    ILO-Integrated Programme for elimination of child labour was functioning at Sivakasi and Tiruppur.
2648 children withdrawn from labour force were enrolled in these transit schools and have completed
their education. So far 20685 children in the age group of 5 to 7 years were enrolled due to the enrolment
campaign of the ILO-IPEC projects. 575 children in the age group of 13 to 16 years were given skill
training. Presently, 682 children had received the skill training. Mothers of Child Labourers were
formed into 140 credit groups and they are given Enterpreneur Development Training. 2236 mothers
are members of the Self Help Group.




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5. INDO-US-DOL-PROJECTS

    Ministry of Labour, Government of India and United States Department of Labour have signed a
joint statement on ‘Enhanced Indo-US Cooperation on Eliminating Child Labour’ in August 2000. In
that statement they have expressed their commitment to the prohibition and eradication of the worst
forms of child labour in identified industries namely hand rolled beedi, brassware, hand made bricks,
fireworks, footwear, hand-blown Glass bangles, hand- made locks, hand dipped matches, hand-broken
quarried stones and silk.
        The project strategy envisages complete eradication of child labour in the identified districts, on
        a priority basis, through a multi-sectoral package of services
        The Government of India have proposed to implement the new Projects in Kancheepuram,
        Thiruvannamalai, Namakkal, Thiruvallur and Virudhunagar districts of Tamil Nadu.
     In continuation of these efforts, Tamil Nadu, under the able guidance of our Hon’ble Chief
Minister Dr. J. Jayalalitha, has adopted child labour eradication as one of its top priorities in its
15 Point Programme for making Tamil Nadu the best State in the country in every sphere.
     The State plan of action aims at eradicating child labour in hazardous employment by the
year 2005 and in non-hazardous employment by the year 2007.

V.       OBJECTIVE OF THE ACTION PLAN

        To prevent children below the age of 14 from working for wages or for a living hazardous or non
        hazardous occupations
        To take steps to identify and release every child below the age of 14 years, if found working.
        To take all measures to rehabilitate the released child labour.
        To implement various development schemes, poverty alleviation programme and self employment
        schemes to benefit the families of child labour
        To take up massive awareness generation programmes through community participation and to
        create a positive climate for eradication of child labour

VI.      ACTION PLAN FOR ERADICATION OF CHILD LABOUR

     1. SURVEY AND IDENTIFICATION OF WORKING CHILDREN
        A database should be created on the number of working children and profile of parents.
        A micro-planning exercise should be undertaken to identify available resources and infrastructure.
        The survey would be carried out by an independent agency.

     2. REHABILITATION OF CHILD LABOUR

        The child labour identified should be released from work and admitted in National Child



10
     Labour Project special schools in the districts where NCLP is functioning.
     In the non-NCLP districts the child labour identified should be admitted in the alternate Schools
     proposed to be run by Education department under Sarva Sikshya Abhiyan scheme.

3.   ENROLMENT OF CHILDREN IN THE AGE GROUP 5 TO 7 YEARS

       A special enrolment drive should be carried out by the Education Department along with the
other Departments under the leadership of the District Collector within two months after the approval
of the Action Plan

4.   MAINSTREAMING CHILD LABOUR TO FORMAL SCHOOLS
     Children to be mainstreamed from NCLP special schools to formal schools after completion of
     their studies in the special schools.
     Follow up of mainstreamed children in assessing their performance by teachers and offering
     support.
     Maintaining accurate data on the number of children mainstreamed

5.   STRENGTHENING OF FORMAL EDUCATION

     Strengthening of Parent-Teacher Association up to primary level.
     Strengthening the Village Education Committees.
     Enforcement of The Tamil Nadu Compulsory Elementary Education Act, 1994.

6.   ENFORCEMENT OF LEGISLATIONS RELATING TO PROHIBITION OF CHILD
     LABOUR

     Child Labour prevention Squads have been formed with authorized Volunteers/ Non Government
     Organizations, Doctors, and Enforcement Authorities.
     Strict and effective enforcement of the Labour laws relating to prohibition of child labour.
     Undertaking should be obtained from Contractors while issuing work orders to the effect that
     they would not engage Child Labour and also for cancellation of contract in case of breach in
     this condition.

7.   AWARENESS GENERATION

     Widespread awareness generation to create a positive climate for children to go to school and
     not to work.
     Effective utilization of folk, print and electronic media.
     Sensitization Programme for all Government officials on child rights.
     Training for N.S.S, N.C.C, Women Groups, Parent- Teachers Association, and Panchayat
                                                                                                    11
      presidents on the issues relating to child labour.
      Incentive should be given to teachers by way of ‘Best Teacher Award’ for enrolment of child
      labourers and dropouts into Formal Schools.
      To observe 12th June every year as ‘Anti Child Labour Day.’

8.    TARGETED IMPLEMENTATION OF DEVELOPMENT SCHEMES/
      PROGRAMMES
      Focusing of development schemes in the district to benefit child labour families.
      Focusing on rescued Child Labour in utilization of special funds like Tamilnadu Manual workers
      Social Security and Welfare Fund, Beedi Workers Welfare Fund, etc.
      Parents of rescued child labour should be given priority in the existing poverty alleviation and
      self-employment schemes.
      To supplement income loss, mothers of rescued child labour to be given appropriate skill training
      and encouraged to form women’s self-help groups.
      Strict enforcement of Minimum Wages Act.

9.    TRAINING
      Conference / Seminars / Workshops / Training Programmes shall be organized on Child Labour
      issues at State and District levels.
      The Services of Administrative Training Institute / Training Institutes for Rural and Urban bodies
      and Gandhi Gram Training Institute, may be utilized for the purpose of imparting training on the
      issues of Child Labour.

10.   CONVERGNCE OF SERVICES:
      In additon to the specific measures under the Action Plan, convergence of the existing services
      of the following departments, on Government Organizations and other bodies is necessary to
      eradicate child labour:
            1.       EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
            2.       LABOUR DEPARTMENT
            3.       FACTORIES DEPARTMENT
            4.       MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT
            5.       RURAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT
            6.       SOCIAL WELFARE DEPARTMENT
            7.       POLICE DEPARTMENT
            8.       HEALTH DEPARTMENT
            9.       PUBLIC WORKS AND HIGHWAYS DEPARTMENT
            10.      INFORMATION AND PUBLIC RELATIONS DEPARTMENT
            11.      REVENUE DEPARTMENT
            12.      ADI DRAVIDA WELFARE DEPARTMENT
            13.      SOCIAL DEFENCE DEPARTMENT
            14.      NGO’S AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS

Suggested activities are given in the annexure C.

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11.   INVOLEMENT OF EMPLOYERS:
      Involving the Employers Association in eradication of child labour is very important
      Efforts have to be made to impress upon the employers that they should stop employing child
      labour and come forward voluntary in rehabilitation of child labour.

12.   COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN CHILD LABOUR ERADICATION
      Local community will be involved in eradicating child labour practice. Panchayats, Panchayat
      Union, and Town Panchayats, Municipalities, Corporations and Districts should aim to become
      ‘Child Labour Free.’
      Government may institute an award for Child Labour Free Panchyats / Panchayat Unions/ Town
      Panchayats/Municipalities/Corporations/Districts.

13.   IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACTION PLAN
      AT THE DISTRICT LEVEL

      In all the nine districts where National Child Labour Projects are functioning National Child
      Labour Projects Societies have been formed comprising of concerned departmental officers under
      the chairmanship of the District Collector. These Societies will be responsible for implementing
      the Action Plan for Eradication of Child Labour at the District level.
      In other districts, Child Labour Rehabilitation cum Welfare Societies have been constituted for
      assisting children identified hazardous and non-hazardous establishments. These societies will
      be activated. These Societies will be responsible for implementing the Action Plan for Eradication
      of Child Labour at the District level. If a district does not have such a society, it should be
      formed.

      AT THE STATE LEVEL

      A State Child Labour Rehabilitation cum Welfare Society may be registered under the
Chairmanship of the Commissioner of Labour. This Society will be responsible for implementation of
the State Action Plan for Eradication of Child Labour.
       A Monitoring cell has already been constituted in the Office of the Commisioner of Labour. The
cell is monitoring the activities relating to the eradication of child Labour as per the directions of the
Supreme Court. This cell will undertake the Secretarial work of the State Child Labour Rehabilitation
cum Welfare Society.

14.   FUNDS

       For conducting awarness generation and training programmes and grant of assistance for education
of the child labourers rescued as per Supreme Court direction, a sum of Rs. 1.25 crores will be provided
to the State Child Labour Rehabilitation cum Welfare Society. Community/private/corporate
sponsorship for the programmes may also be sought.

                                                                                                       13
       At the district level, the district committee headed by the District Collector may receive funds
       from State Government, Government of India and Private/Corporate sponsorship.
       In addition to the funds under action plan, the funds available under regular budget schemes of
       various departments should be utilized giving priority for the activities connected with the
       erdication of child labour.


15. MONITORING MECHANISM

    Monitoring and evaluation of implementation of the action plan are required to be done by a
suitable mechanism at the district and the state levels. Continuous feedback is necessary to take timely
corrective measures as and when necessary and to implement the programme effectively in a time
bound, cost effective and result oriented manner.
       There is a State Monitoring Committee for monitoring the National Child Labour Projects in
       the State. The Labour Secretary is the Chairman and the Additional Commissioner of Labour
       (Child Labour Monitoring Cell) is the Secretary for this Committee. This Monitoring Committee
       would undertake the work of monitoring the implementation of the State Action
       Plan for Eradication of Child Labour in the State.

16. EVALUATION


   Documentation and dissemination of successful experiments are necessary. Periodical independent
evaluation study will be commissioned by the Society and reports placed before the Government.


17. GUIDANCE

   A State Authority on Child Labour has been formed under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary
with other concerned Secretaries as members. The authority will meet once in six months to review
implementation of the Action Plan for eradication of child labour and make appropriate
recommendations to achieve the targets of eradication of child labour in hazardous occupations by the
year 2005 and in all occupations by the year 2007.




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ANNEXURE - A
The United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child 1989 in Article 32 states as
follows:
       “State parties recognize the rights of the child to be protected from performing any work that
       is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the
       child’s education, or to be harmful to the child health, or physical, mental,
       Spiritual, moral or social development”

CONSITUTIONAL PROVISIONS
The Constitution of India has also made special provisions for the protection and restoration of the
rights of children.

Art- 23:
Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.

        Traffic in human beings and beggars and others similar forms of forced
        labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provisions shall be an
        offence punishable in accordance with law.

Art- 24:
Prohibition of employment of children in factories etc.

        No Child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory
        or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.

Article- 39(e) and (f):
Directive principles of the state policy

The State shall, in particular, direct its policy, securing:

(e) That the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of
children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to
enter avocation unsuited to their age or strength
(f) That children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner
and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected
against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.

Article- 45:
Provision for free and compulsory education for children
        The state shall endeavor to provide within a period of ten years from the
        commencement of this constitution, for free and compulsory education for
        all children until they complete the age of fourteen years.



                                                                                                   15
ANNEXURE - B

DEFINITION OF CHILD AND PROVISIONS RELATING TO EMPLOYMENT OF
CHILDREN UNDER VARIOUS ACTS


1. The Factories Act, 1948:
     The Act prohibits the employment of a child who has not completed 14 years.

2. The Apprentices Act, 1951:
     A person shall not be qualified for being engaged as an Apprentice unless he is not less than 14
      years of age.

3. Plantation Labour Act, 1951:
     “Child means a person who has not completed his 14th year.” (There is no prohibition of children.
      A certificate of fitness is necessary for employing a child.)

4. The Mines Act, 1952:
     The Act prohibits the employment of a child below 18 years of age for work below ground.

5. The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986:
     The Act prohibits the employment of a child who has not completed his 14th year of age in any of
      the occupations set forth in part A of the schedule or in any workshop wherein any of the processes
      set forth in Part B of the Schedule are carried on.

6. The Merchant Shipping Act, 1958:
     The Act prohibits Children less than 14 years of age to be engaged or carried to sea work in any
      capacity in any ship, subject to certain exceptions.

7. The Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961:
     The Act prohibits the employment of Children less than 14 years of age in any motor transport
      undertaking.

8. The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966:
     The Act prohibits the employment of children less than 14 years of age in any industrial premises
      manufacturing beedi or cigar.

9. The Tamil Nadu Shops and Establishments Act, 1947:
     The Act prohibits employment of children who have not completed 14 years of age.




16
10. The Tamil Nadu Catering Establishments Act, 1958:
   The Act prohibits employment of Children who have not completed 16 years of age.

11. The Tamil Nadu Handloom Workers (Conditions of Employment and Miscellaneous
     Provisions) Act 1981:
   The Act prohibits employment of Children who have not completed 16 years of age.

12. The Tamil Nadu Manual Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Work)
     Act 1982:

   The Act prohibits employment of Children who have not completed 16 years of age any scheduled
    employment.




                                                                                              17
                                          ANNEXURE - C



SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES OF VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS


1.      LABOUR DEPARTMENT

 i)     To ensure strict implementation of all the labour laws relating to prohibition of child labour.
 ii)    To utilize the services of Medical Officers of Employees State Insurance Corporation, Health
        Department/Local PHC’s for the certification for proof of age of child labour.
 iii)   Labour department to act as nodal agency and facilitate the co-operation between various
        implementing agencies/departments at state level.
 iv)    To facilitate the collection and compilation of data through district committees.
 v)     Vigorous enforcement of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.
 vi)    To arrange training programmes and conducting seminars/workshops.
 vii) To observe 12th June of every year as “Anti Child Labour Day” by organizing programmes
 viii) To form Child Labour Squads to be formed with authorized Volunteers/Non governmental
       Organization, Doctors, and Enforcement Authorities.
 ix)    To organize Joint raids every month by the Enforement Officials


2.      FACTORIES DEPARTMENT

 i)     To ensure strict implementation of the Factories Act, 1948 and Child Labour(Prohibition and
        Regulation) Act 1986 relating to prohibition of child labour.
 ii)    To utilize the services of Medical Officers of Employees State Insurance Corporation, Heath
        Department/Local PHC’s for the certification for proof of age of child labour.
 iii)   Vigorous enforcement of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.
 iv)    To observe 12th June of every year as “Anti Child Labour Day” by organizing programmes
 v)     Child Labour Squads to be formed with authorized Volunteers/Non government
        Organization, Doctors, and Enforcement Authorities.
 vi)    Joint raids should be organized every month by the Enforcement Officials

3.      DEPARTMENT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT

 i)     To observe 12th June of every year as “Anti Child Labour Day” by all the Panchayat Raj
        Institutions.
 ii)    To ensure that every Panchayat Raj Institutions, passes resolutions stating that they would
        eradicate child labour and endeavour, to rehabilitate the released child labour.


18
 iii)   To ensure that no child below 14 years of age is allowed to work in their jurisdiction of Gram
        Panchayats and review the status as a standing agenda in all monthly meetings of Grama
        panchayats.
 iv)    The licences issued by the Panchayat Raj Institutions to be cancelled if such licence holders
        are found engaging child labour
 v)     Grama panchayat to liaise with the village education committees, panchayat members, village
        elders, teachers, parents, officials and NGOs to monitor the education system and ensure 100%
        enrolment in the schools.
 vi)    Reporting of the existence of child labourers in their jurisdiction to the Inspector of Labour/
        Factories of the District shall be made compulsory duty of each Panchayat/ Panchayat Union.
 vii) Every Panchayat / Panchayat Union shall make efforts to declare their Panchayat/ Panchayat
      Union as a Child labour free.

4.      SOCIAL WELFARE DEPARTMENT:

 i)     To consider synchronizing the timings of Anganwadis with that of primary schools, so that
        girl child need not miss school to take care of siblings at her home.
 ii)    Mobilize public opinion to protect the rights, privileges and facilities provided under the existing
        laws in respect of girl child.
 iii)   To help in detecting child labour in various institutions, organizations and industries.
 iv)    To create awareness about the evils of child labour among their members of Madhar Sangams
        and in their communities.
 v)     To ensure that no member of the SHG / Madar Sangams employs children including domestic
        labour.
 vi)    To include a clause against Child Labour in the standard self help group pledge.

5.      EDUCATION DEPARTMENT:

 i)     Ensure that schools have basic amenities like water supply and toilets (separate for girls) that
        wil encourage children, especially girls to continue studies.
 ii)    Revamp the existing teacher’s training programme to bring in the issue of child labour and its
        link to universlization of elementary education.
 iii)   Not to insist upon certificates or proof of age or other such documentary evidence for admitting
        released child labour into government and other schools, as parents of child labourers find it
        difficult to obtain them.
 iv)    To make efforts to start residential school for children of migrant labourers/bonded child
        labourers.
 v)     To conduct orientation classes for the teachers/non-teaching staff to involve them in the
        implementation of action plan.
 vi)    To impart Education including vocational training appropriate to the aptitude of the child in
        addition to formal education.
                                                                                                         19
 vii) Education given to the child labour in non-formal and special schools should be certified.
 viii) To sennsitize the society on eradication of Child Labour by Mass Campaign/Continuing
       Education Programme of the department.
 ix)    The component of Child Labour issue should form part of all the programmes of the department.
 x)     Training Prgrammes on Child Labour to be arranged for grass-root level workers of the
        Department.
 xi)    Adult education programme be taken up for the parents of child labourers so that a literate
        environment is created in the family.

6.      PUBLIC WORKS AND HIGHWAYS DEPARTMENT:
        The work contract assigned to the contractors shall be cancelled if they engage child labour in
        executing works and such contractors should be black listed for three years.


7.      POLICE DEPARTMENT:
 i)     The Police Inspectors should exercise the powers vested in them under Section 16 of the Child
        Labour (Prohibition and Regulation)Act, 1986 and file a complaint of the commission of an
        offence under this act in any court of competent jurisdiction.

 ii)    Police Department to give protection to the inspectors and authorities when the raids are
        conducted for release of child labour.
 iii)   Police Department to give escorts and protection, when campaigns are organized by the NGO,
        Trade Union and various authorities to create awareness, mobilization and sensitizations.

8.      HEALTH DEPARTMENT
 i)     To undertake health care programmes and periodical health check-up to the released child
        labour at the special schools/alternate schools/formal schools.
 ii)    To ensure issue of correct age certificate to child labour by competent doctors and accompany
        the enforcement officials during inspections,if required.
 iii)   The District Collector to be empowered to refer all bogus medical certificate to the medical
        board for verification and take penal action if required.

9.      DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION
 i)     All urban local bodies to ensure compulsory primary education and to monitor the progress of
        all children up to the age of 14 years.
 ii)    Institutional mechanisms to be evolved for implementing the action plan in the Town
        Panchayats, Municipalities and Corporations.
 iii)   Obtain undertaking while granting any license / permission to the effect that the applicant
        should not engage child labour. In case of violation, such licenses / permission should be
        cancelled.


20
 iv)         Sensitization and awareness training programmes against the employment of child labour to
             all functionaries of urban local bodies including the councilors, Commissioners and field
             functionaries.
 v)          Every urban local body shall strive to declare their jurisdiction as ‘Child Labour Free.’

10.          INFORMATION AND PUBLIC RELATIONS DEPARTMENT
 i)          To undertake massive publicity campaign among the public to create an environment which
             encourages the child to go to school instead of work.
 ii)         To play a pivotal role with the active support of media and other resource groups including
             advertising agencies, NGO and district committees for child labour Eradication, to create a
             social mobilization programme for successful implementation of the action plan, the issue of
             child labour should be articulated and success stories of rehabilitation of child labour should
             be highlighted.
 iii)        To undertake a campaign to create awareness about the government schemes specially meant
             for rehabilitating child labour.

11.          REVENUE DEPARTMENT
 i)          To enforce Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 and identify children employed
             in hazardous employment and take necessary measures to release them from employment.
 ii)         Take measures to rehabilitate child labour families by issuing free housing patta

12.          ADI DRAVIDA AND TRIBAL WELFARE DEPARTMENT
 i)          To provide Hostel facilities to the SC/ST child labourers.
 ii)         To provide scholorship amount to children who are released from employment and
             mainstreamed into formal schools.
 iii)        To improve the economic standard of the child labour families by enabling them to get bank
             loans through TAHDCO.

13.          SOCIAL DEFENCE DEPARTMENT
The service of Children Homes may be utilized for the child labour who come under the category of
‘neglected children’ like orphans, child having single parent or child having disabled parent etc., by
admitting them in the children Homes through the Child Welfare Committee.

14.          NGO’S AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
A. Trade Unions

       i)       Identify establishments employing children within their sphere of influence and report to
                the jurisdictional inspectors appointed under the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regualtion)
                Act,1986 and other labour laws.
       ii)      Educate the society to discourage the practice of child labour, and support free, qualitative
                and compulsory education.


                                                                                                          21
     iii)   Steps to be taken to enhance the awareness among their members and cadres about child
            rights and eradication of child labour.

B. Trade Associations:

     i)     The Trade Associations including Chambers of Commerce may influence their members
            not to employ child labour in any of the activities.
     ii)    They should also sponsor schemes / programmes to help in rehabilitation of released child
            labour.

C. Non-Governmental Organization:

     i)     To assist the state / district authorities for successful implementation of Action Plan and to
            act as a resource base in the district.
     ii)    To counsel and motivate parents to send their children to schools.
     iii)   To inform authorities about the areas of concentration of child labour and to assist the
            government machinery to identify, withdraw, enroll in schools and rehabilitate child
            labourers.
     iv)    To liaise with the Government machinery to rehabilitate the released child labour through
            special schools/Alternate schools.
     v)     To create awareness on importance of child rights and to create an enabling atmosphere for
            exercise of such rights by the children themselves by forming children clubs.




22
                                          ANNEXURE - D


The list of the 13 occupations and 57 processes that have been prohibited under the Child Labour
(Prohibition & Regulation) Act 1986, are as follows:




Occupations


        1. Transport of passengers, goods or mails by railways
        2.   Cinder picking, cleaning of an ash pit or building operation in the railway premises.
        3.   Work in catering establishment at a railway station, involving the movement of a vendor
        or any other employee of the establishment from one platform to another or into out of a
        moving train.
        4.   Work relating to the construction of a railway station or with any other work where such
        work is done in close proximity or between the railway lines.
        5.   A port authority within the limits of any port
        6.   Work relating to selling of crackers and fireworks in shop with temporary licenses
        7.   Abattoirs / Slaughter Houses
        8.   Automobile workshops and garages
        9.   Foundries
        10. Handling of toxic of inflammable substances or explosives
        11. Handloom and power loom industry
        12. Mines (underground and under water) and collieries;
        13. Plastic units and fibreglass workshops.


Processes


        1. Beedi-making
        2.   Carpet-weaving including proparatory and incidental process thereof
        3.   Cement manufacture, including bagging of cement
        4.   Cloth printing dyeing and weaving including processes preparatory and incidental thereto
        5.   Manufacture of matches, explosives and fireworks
        6.   Mica-cutting and splitting
        7.   Shellac manufacture




                                                                                                     23
     8.    Soap Manufacture
     9.    Tanning
     10.   Wool-cleaning
     11.   Building and construction industry including processing and polishing of granite stones
     12.   Manufacture of Slate pencils including packing
     13.   Manufacture of products from agate
     14.   Manufacturing Processes using toxic metals and substance such as Lead, Mercury,
           Manganese, Chromium, Cadmium, Benzene, Pesticides and Asbestos
     15.   “Hazardous processes” as defined in Section 2 (c,d) and ‘dangerous operations’ as notified
           in rules made under Section 87 of the Factories Act 1948(63 of 1948)
     16.   Printing as defined in Section 2(k)(iv) of the Factories Act 1948 (63 of 1948)
     17.   Cashew and cashewnut descaling and processing
     18.   Soldering processes in electronic industries
     19.   ‘Aggarbatti’ manufacturing
     20.   Automobile repairs and maintenance including processes incidental thereto namely
           welding, lathe work, dent beating and painting
     21.   Brick kilns and Roof tiles units
     22.   Cotton ginning and processing and production of hosiery goods.
     23.   Detergent manufactuing
     24.   Fabrication workshops (ferrous and non ferrous)
     25.   Gem cutting and polishing
     26.   Handling of chromite and manganese ores
     27.   Jute textile manufacture and coir making
     28.   Lime kilns and Manufacture of Lime
     29.   Lock Making
     30.   Manufacturing processes having exposure to lead such as primary and secondary smelting,
           welding and cutting of lead-painted metal constructions, welding of galvanized or zinc
           silicate, polyvinyl chloride, mixing(by hand) of crystal glass mass, sandling or scrapping
           of lead paint, burning of lead enameling workshops, lead minings, plumbing, cable making,
           wire patenting lead casting, type founding in printing shops, Store type setting, assembling
           of cars, shot making and lead glass blowing.
     31.   Manufacture of cement pipes, cement products and other related work
     32.   Manufacture of glass, glassware including bangles, florescent tubes, bulbs and other
           similar glass products
     33.   Manufacturing of dye and dye stuff
     34.   Manufacturing or handling of pesticides and insecticides
     35.   Manucfactring or processing and handling or corrosive and toxic substance, metal cleaning
           and photo engraving and soldering processes in the electronic industry
     36.   Manufacturing or burning coal and coal briquettes



24
37. Manufacturing of sports goods involving exposure to synthetic materils, chemicals and
    leather
38. Molding and processing of fiberglass and plastic
39. Oil expelling and refinery
40. Paper making
41. Potteries and ceramic industry
42. Polishing, moulding, cutting, welding, manufacture of brass goods in all forms
43. Processing in agriculture where tractors, threshing and harvesting machines are used and
    chaff cutting
44. Saw mill-all processes
45. Sericulture processing
46. Skinning, dyeing and processes for manufacturing of leather and leather products of
    tobacco in any form
47. Stone breaking and stone crushing
48. Tobacco processing including manufacturing of tobacco, tobacco paste and handling of
    tobacco in any form.
49. Tyre making, repairing, re-treading and graphite benefication
50. Utensils making, polishing and metal buffing
51. ‘Zari’ making (all process)
52. Electro Plating
53. Grapite Powdering and incidental processing
54. Grinding or glazing of metals
55. Diamond Cutting and polishing
56. Extraction of slate from mines
57. Rag picking and scavenging




                                                                                          25
                              GOVERNMENT OF TAMIL NADU

                                           ABSTRACT

         Child Labour eradication-observance of “Anti Child Labour Day” Orders-Issued

                   LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT (U.1.) DEPARTMENT

G.O.(D) No.53                                                                     Dated: 12.5.2003

                                                                                   Read:

     1. From the Commisioner of Labour, Lr. No. T1/14622/03, dated: 7.3.2003

     2. G.O.Ms. No.53, Labour and Employment, Dated 12.5.2003.


ORDER:

     1. In the Government order second read above Government have approved an Action Plan for
eradication of the use of Child Labour in the State. The Action Plan proposes observances of one day
every year as “Anti Child Labour Day” to focus public attention on the subject. The Commissioner of
Labour has reported that the International Labour Organisation (ILO) observed 12th June every year
as “Anti Child Labour Day.” He has proposed that it would be desirable to follow the ILO and observe
12th June of every year “Anti Child Labour Day.”

     2. The Government after careful consideration accepts the proposal of Commissioner of Labour
and directs that the 12th June of every year be observed as “Anti Child Labour Day.”

                                    (By order of the Governor)


                                                            M.B. PRANESH,
                                            PRINCIPAL SECRETARY TO GOVERNMENT




26
                              GOVERNMENT OF TAMIL NADU

                                            ABSTRACT

CHILD LABOUR- Anti Child Labour Day to be observed on 12th June 2003 - Allocation of Funds to
District Collectors for organizing programmes - Orders issued

                      LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT (U.1.) DEPARTMENT

G.O.(D) No.583                                                                       Dated: 9.6.2003
                                                                                    Read:
      1. G.O.(Ms)No.53 Labour & Employment dt. 12.5.03
      2. Govt. D.O. Lr.No.9167/U1/03 dt. 22/5/03
      3. From the Commissioner of Labour, Lr. No.T1/891/03 dt.26.5.03

                                                    ***

ORDER:
       1. In the Government order first read above, ‘State Action Plan’ for eradication of the use of
child labour has been approved by the government. The Government have also sanctioned a sum of
Rs.25 lakhs under “New Service Schemes” to the State Child Labour Rehabilitation-cum-Welfare
Society” to be formed under the Chairmanship of the Commissioner of Labour, Chennai for
implementation of Action Plan.
       2. The formation of State Child Labour Rehabilitation-cum-Welfare Society is under process.
The Commissioner of Labour has requested funds for observance of Anti Child Labour Day on 12.6.03
in the State. The Government after due consideration of the importance of this day, permits the
Commissioner of Labour to claim and disburse a sum of Rs. 1,45,000/- (Rupees One lakh and forty
five thousand only) to 29 District Collectors at the rate of Rs. 5000/- each for incurring expenditure
towards observing Anti Child Labour Day on 12.6.2003. The amount shall be met from the sum of Rs.
25 lakhs to be drawn by Commissioner of Labour for the State Child Labour Rehabilitation-cum-
Welfare Society. The Government also directs that the District Collectors may also motivate and
mobilize the participation of NGOs, local people and sponsors for observance of Anti Child Labour
Day.
       3. This order issues with the concurrence of Finance Department vide its U.O.No.35876
L&E/2003-1 dt.6.6.03
                               (BY ORDER OF THE GOVERNOR)
                                                                 M.B. PRANESH,
                                            PRINCIPAL SECRETARY TO GOVERNMENT
To
The Commissioner of Labour, Chennai-6.
All Collectors.
The Principal Commissioner and Commissioner of Land Reforms, Chennai-5.
The Special Commissioner and Commissioner of Revenue Admn/Special Commissioner and
Commissioner of Land Admn, Chennai-5.




                                                                                                    27
The Commissioner / Additional Commissioner of Labour, Chennai-6.
The Collector, Sivaganga District.
The Accountant General, Chennai-9/18/35
The Pay and Account Officer, Chennai-9 / The Treasury Officer, Sivaganga
The Secretary to Chief Minister / Governor
Copy to:
The Vigilance Commissioner and Commissioner for Administrative Reforms, Chennai-9.
The Resident Commissioner, Tamil Nadu House, New Delhi.
The Secretary/Establishment Officer to Government of India, Dept. of Personnel & Training, New
Delhi.
The Research Officer, Career Management Division, Dept. of Personnel & Training (Room No.215)
New Delhi-1.
The Officer on Special Duty, Planning & Development Dept., Chennai.
The Special Commissioner & Commissioner of Treasuries & Accounts, Chennai-15.
The Secretary, Tamil Nadu IAS Officers, Association, Chennai.
The Principal Systems Analyst, NIC, Secretariat, Chennai-9
The Public (Spl. A.ASO.II)/Spl.B)/Tapal/Tel./Liby/M+V/Gnl.I)Dept. Chennai-9.


                                        / True Copy /




28
                               GOVERNMENT OF TAMIL NADU
                                            ABSTRACT
CHILD LABOUR ERADICATION- State Award to District Collectors for excellent work - Orders
issued.
                    LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT (U.2.) DEPARTMENT
G.O.Ms. No.60                                                                         Dated: 20.5.2003
                                                                                      Read:
      1. From the Commissioner of Labour letter No. T1/15021/03, dated: 21.3.2003
      2. G.O. Ms.No.53, Labour and Employment Department dated. 12/5/2003.
                                                     ***

ORDER:

       1. Government of Tamil Nadu has adopted Child Labour Eradication as one of its top priorities
in its 15 point Programmes for making Tamil Nadu the best State in the Country. In order to achieve
this objective, a State Action Plan for eradication of Child Labour in hazardous employment by the
year 2005 and in non-hazardous employment by the year 2007 has been prepared and approved by the
Government in the G.O. second read above.
       2. The Action Plan requires coordinated action for detection of Child Labour, rescue and
rehabilitation of such children, enforcement of laws prohibiting Child Labour and a strong programme
to create public opinion against employment of Child Labour. All this requires convergence of activities
of a number of Government Department and Non-Government Organisations. Such coordination has
to be provided at the district level by District Collectors. In order to encourage and motivate the
District Collectors in their action towards elimination of Child Labour, the Commissioner of Labour
in his letter first read above has recommended a scheme of giving an annual Award to the District
Collector who has done the best work in the field of eradication of Child Labour.
      3. The Government, after careful consideration, accept the recommendation of the Commissioner
of Labour. They accordingly order that a State Award in the form of a Shield shall be given every year
to the Collector of the District with the best achievement in eradication of Child Labour. The Award
will be presented during the Annual Collector’s Conference. The Selection shall be made considering
the following points:

          i)   Number of Child Labour identified and rehabilitated
          ii) Total number of Child Labour mainstreamed from National Child Labour projects special
              schools/Transit schools run under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme.




                                                                                                     29
         iii) Number of training programmes organized on Child Labour issues.
         iv) Number of Child Labour families benefited from development schemes.
         v) Total number of Panchayats/Town Panchayats / Municipalities declared “Child Labour
            free.”
     4. The Commissioner of Labour is requested to send necessary proposals for sanction of funds
        for the purchase of a Shield every year for the above purpose


                                (BY ORDER OF THE GOVERNOR)


                                                              M.B. PRANESH
                                             PRINCIPAL SECRETARY TO GOVERNMENT.



                                         / True Copy /




30
COPY OF:
                              GOVERNMENT OF TAMILNADU
                                          ABSTRACT
Child Labour - National Child Labour Project - Issue of Free Bus Passes to the children studying in the
Special Schools of National Child Labour Project in the State - Orders Issued.


                    LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT (U2) DEPARTMENT


G.O (D) No. 427                                                      Dated: 09.04.03.


          READ:
                           From the Commissioner of Labour, D.O
                           Letter No.T2/4416/2003, dated: 24.01.03


                                                ***
ORDER:


    In Tamil Nadu, National Child Labour Project is being implemented in Tirunelveli, Thoothukkudi,
Virudhunagar, Pudukkottai, Tiruchirapalli, Vellore, Salem, Dharmapuri and Coimbatore Districts.
436 Special Schools are functioning and 18,794 children are studying in the Special Schools in the
above 9 Districts.


      2. The National Child Labour Project Special Schools are situated in the centre of habitations
where the Child Labourers live. But some schools are situated away from the residence of the children.
It should be ensured that no child would be deprived of a future by being deprived of education and
having to spend its childhood working. Every child out of school would become as a Child Labourer
or a potential Child Labourer. To tackle this problem the Government after careful consideration
decided to issue free bus passes to the Special School children whose residences are away from the
Special Schools.


     3. Accordingly the Government direct that free bus passes not exceeding the following numbers,
be issued by the Tamil Nadu State Transport undertakings to the children studying in the National
Child Labour Project Special Schools in the Districts noted below immediately enabling them to go to
Special Schools located at some distance from their residences. The Children to be issued passes will
be identified by the Project Directors of the National Child Labour Project in the district.




                                                                                                     31
                       Thoothukkudi                   99         Children
                       Tirunelveli                   250         Children
                       Coimbatore                    500         Children
                       Dharmapuri                    323         Children
                       Virudhunagar                  350         Children
                       Pudukkottai                   117         Children


                       TOTAL                        1639         Children


     4. Expenditure towards issue of students concession ordered in Para 3 above will be reimbursed
by Government to the State Transport Undertaking concerned, as is being done in respect of schools
recognized by the Director of School Education.


      5. This order issued with the concurrence of Finance Department vide its U.O.No. 204/F2/P/03
dated: 20.01.03.


                              (BY ORDER OF THE GOVERNOR)




                                                                    M.B.PRANESH
                                                           Principal Secretary to Government



To
The Transport Department, Chennai-9. (To issue necessary instructions to the Transport undertaking
concerned)


The School Education Department, Chennai-9.
The Collectors of Thoothukudi / Tirunelveli / Coimbatore / Dharmapuri / Virudhunagar and
     Pudukottai Districts.
The Commissioner of Labour, Chennai - 6.


Copy to :
The Finance Department, Chennai - 9
                                          // True Copy /
                                                                                 (Sd.)
                                                                            Section Officer
32
                                   GOVERNMENT OF TAMILNADU
                                          ABSTRACT


Child Labour Eradication - Uniforms to children in Special Schools - Announcement made by Hon'ble
Chief Minister during Collectors and Police Officers Conference held on 11.08.04 - Sanctioned -
Orders - Issued


                        LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT (U1) DEPARTMENT


G.O.Ms No.319                                                          Dated: 31.12.2004
                                                                       READ:


              1.     From the Secretary III to Hon'ble Chief Minister D.O.Lr.No 94/
                     Secy III/CMS/2004, dated: 13.08.04
              2.     From the Commissioner of Labour, D.O.Lr.No. T6/54730/2004,
                     dated: 23.08.04


                                                    ***
ORDER:
         During the Collectors and Police Officers Conference held during August, 2004, the Hon'ble
Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu has announced on 11.08.04 that uniforms will be supplied to all children
studying in Special Schools under the Eradication of Child Labour Project and funds will be provided
by the State Government for this purpose. The Commissioner of Labour was requested to send necessary
proposals.


         2. The Government considered that the proposal of the Commissioner of Labour carefully
and approve the proposal for free supply of Uniforms to 40,000 Children which is inclusive of a
reserve of 2000 Students as mentioned in the D.O Letter second read above studying in the Special
Schools under National Child Labour Project and INDUS Project. The Procedure for supply of Uniforms,
procurement of clothes and stitching will be as follows:-


        (a)        The Scale of issue and type of uniforms supplied to all the children studying in Special
                   Schools under NCLP/INDUS Project will be the same as adopted by the SW & NMP
                   Department. Accordingly ONE SET of Uniform at the rate of Rs 135 /- per child will
                   be issued to the Special School Children as indicated below:-
                   Boys: 1 SET: (i) Polyester combined cotton white shirt.
                                  (ii) Khaki drill half pant.
                   Girls: 1 SET: (i) Blue casement skirt with blouse and Blue Dhavani.
        (b)         Procurement of uniform clothes will be made by the District NCLP/INDUS Society
                   under the Chairmanship of the District Collector from the Co-optex.
                                                                                                         33
           (c)   The Uniforms will be stitched locally by adopting approved procedures.


         3. Sanction is hereby accorded for a sum of Rs 54,00,000 /- ( Rupees Fifty Four Lakhs only)
to the State Child Labour Rehabilitation cum Welfare Society as grant for the year 2004-05 towards
the supply of uniforms to 40,000 Children (38,000 + a reserve for 2000 students) as mentioned in the
Annexure to this order and for the subsequent years on recurring basis till the NCLP/INDUS Scheme
exist. The District Collector who is the Chairman of the NCLP/INDUS Project has to send necessary
indent to the Commissioner of Labour every year for the reimbursement of amount.


           4. The Expenditure sanctioned in Para 3 above shall be debited to the following head of
account:


" 2235 - Social Security and Welfare - 02 Social Welfare - 102 Child Welfare Schemes in the 10th
Five Year Plan - II State Plan - KG - Assistance to State Child Labour Rehabilitation cum Welfare
Society - 09 Grants in aid - 01 Grants for current expenditure. (DPC 2235-02-102-KG 0914)


         5. The Expenditure sanctioned in Para 3 above shall constitute an item of "News Service".
Pending approval of the Legislature, the expenditure shall initially be met by an advance from the
Contingency Fund. The Commissioner of Labour shall apply for the advance in the prescribed format
in duplicate to the Finance (BG1) Department along with the explanatory note to include in the FSE
2004-05 without fail.


        6. The Commissioner of Labour is authorized to draw and disburse the amount to the State
Child Labour Rehabilitation cum Welfare Society.


       7. This order issues with the concurrence of Finance Department vide its U.O.No 86285/
L&E/04-1, dated: 31.12.04 and additional sanction Ledger No1265.


                                (BY ORDER OF THE GOVERNOR)


                                                                   M.B.PRANESH
                                                          Principal Secretary to Government
To
The Commissioner of Labour, Chennai-6
All District Collector of NCLP/INDUS Project District
The Chief Inspector of Factories, Chennai-5
The Accountant General, Chennai-18
The Accountant General (By Name), Chennai-18
The Accountant General (CAS), Chennai-9
The Pay and Accounts Officer (South), Chennai- 35
34
COPY TO:
The Secretary to Hon'ble Chief Minister, Chennai-9
The Senior P.A to Minister of Labour, Chennai-9
The P.A to Chief Secretary, Chennai-9
Private Secretary to Principal Secretary to Government, Labour and Employment Department, Chennai-9
Labour and Employment (F) Department, Chennai-9
Finance (L&E) Department, Chennai-9
Finance (Salaries) Department, Chennai-9
Finance (BG-I) Department, Chennai 9
Finance (BG-II) Department, Chennai-9
Stock files / Spare copies.
                                          / Forwarded by order /
                                                                          (Sd.)
                                                                     Section Officer


                                          ANNEXURE
  S no     Name of the District                            Sanctioned Strength
                                               Spl Schools/TECs           No of Children
           NCLPs
  1        Dharmapuri                                  50                        2500
  2        Salem                                       40                        2000
  3        Pudukkottai                                 20                        1000
  4        Tirunelveli                                 60                        3000
  5        Coimbatore                                  40                        2000
  6        Thoothukkudi                                40                        2000
  7        Trichy                                      40                        2000
  8        Vellore                                     60                        3000
           Newly Sanctioned NCLPs
  9        Chennai                                     40                        2000
  10       Erode                                       40                        2000
  11       Dindigul                                    40                        2000
           To be sanctioned for newly
           formed Districts:
  12       Krishnagiri                                 40                        2000
           INDUS Project
  13       Virudhunagar                                 80                        4000
  14       Namakkal                                     35                        1750
  15       Kancheepuram                                 30                        1500
  16       Thiruvallur                                  25                        1250
  17       Tiruvannamalai                               80                        4000
           TOTAL                                       760                       38000
                                                                   + a reserve for 2000 students
                                         // TRUE COPY//
                                                                    (Sd.)
                                                              SECTION OFFICER


                                                                                                   35
                               GOVERNMENT OF TAMIL NADU
                                      ABSTRACT


Elementary Education - Universalisation of Elementary Education - Enabling measures for
mainstreaming out of school children - Orders - Issued.


                          SCHOOL EDUCATION (C2) DEPARTMENT

G.O (Ms) No 165                                                       DATED: 09.12.2004
                                                                      READ:

               1.    From the State Project Director, DPEP and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
                     Lr.No.2785/C/SSA/2002, dated: 25.11.2002, 15.12.2003.
               2.    From the Director of Elementary Education Lr No. 17831/K3/2003,
                     dated: 23.05.2003, 16.03.2004.
               3.    From the Director of School Education Lr no. 796/R3/2004,
                     dated: 17.04.2004.
               4.    From the State Project Director, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
                     Lr no. 3215/CL A2/SSA, dated: 13.10.2004.
                                                ***
ORDER:

       Education for all (Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan) envisages universalization of elementary education.
This involves universal enrolment of children in the age 6-14 either in formal school or in alternative
schools to ensure eight years of schooling of elementary education with quality. With a view to realising
the objectives of this programme, the Government have been focusing on the out of school children to
be mainstreamed into formal schooling and impediments by way of admission rules that require
relaxation to facilitate the goals of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

      2. Accordingly, the Government issue the following guidelines regarding out of school children
and admission rules to be relaxed in respect of out of school children with a view to ensuring universal
enrolment.

CATEGORIES OF OUT OF SCHOOL CHILDREN ELIGIBLE FOR RELAXATION
OF ADMISSION RULES:-

       1. Dropout/never enrolled children from AIE (Alternative and Innovative Education) centres
run by Non Government Organisation under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan;, NCL Project (NCLP Schools),
INDUS Project, Non Formal and Education Department or any other agency/department conducting
such non-formal education centres.
       2. Children from poor illiterate and migrant families, children of commercial sex workers, orphan/
street children and children of AIDS/HIV affected parents.

36
RELAXATION OF ADMISSION RULES IN RESPECT OF THE ABOVE MENTIONED
CATEGORIES OF OUT OF SCHOOL CHILDREN:
        1. These children will be admitted in schools even beyond 30th September of the academic
           year.
        2. The Head Masters should grant admission to these children without insisting on Birth
           Certificate, Community Certificate, Transfer Certificate, etc, in order to encourage these
           children to get admission in regular schools. The Headmasters should take necessary steps
           to facilitate obtaining these certificates after admission of these children.
        3. Where children are able to disclose their identity, as in the case of children of commercial
           sex workers or children of HIV/AIDS affected parents, the Headmasters should grant
           admission first and seek evidence regarding date of birth, etc, subsequently.
        4. In respect of these children, the Standard to which a child has to be admitted will be
           decided by the Headmaster based on his/her assessment of age and proficiency of the
           child.
        5. No certificate should be insisted by the Headmasters for admission of these children
           up to Std VIII.

      3. The Director of School Education/Director of Elementary Education are requested to issue
suitable instructions to implement the orders issued in para 2 above.

      4. The Director of School Education/Director of Elementary Education are requested to send
suitable proposals for issue of amendments to the various executive orders, rules code wherever
necessary.

                               (BY ORDER OF THE GOVERNOR)
                                                     K.GNANADESIKAN,
                                                 SECRETARY TO GOVERNMENT
To
The State Project Director, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Chennai-6.
The Director of School Education, Chennai-6.
The Director of Elementary Education, Chennai-6.
The Director of Matriculation Schools, Chennai-6.
The Director of Govt Examinations, Chennai-6.
The Director of Teacher Education, Research and Training,Chennai-6.

                                 // FORWARDED BY ORDER //
                                                                      (Sd.)
                                                                SECTION OFFICER

                                         // TRUE COPY //
                                                                         (Sd.)
                                                        for Additional Commissioner of Labour
                                                                                                    37
                                GOVERNMENT OF TAMIL NADU
                                       ABSTRACT

Eradication of Child Labour – Observation of “Anti Child Labour Day” taking of pledge throughout
the State on 12th June of every year – Orders – Issued.


                      LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT (U1) DEPARTMENT


G.O (Ms) No 9                                                             DATED: 1.2.2005
                                                                          READ:


     1.   G.O.Ms.No 53, Labour and Employment Department, Dated: 12.5.2003.
     2.   G.O (D) No 534, Labour and Employment (U1) Department, dated. 12.5.2003.
     3.   G.O.Ms.No.149, Labour and Employment Department, dated 28.5.2004
     4.   From the Commissioner of Labour, Letter No T1/30635/2003, dated: 16.12.2004.


                                                  ***
ORDER:


       In the Government Order 1st read above, Government have approved an Action Plan for
eradication of the use of Child Labour in the State. The Action Plan proposes observance of one day
every year as ‘Anti Child Labour Day’ to focus public attention on the subject. Therefore in the
Government Order 2nd read above, orders have been issued to observe 12th of every year as ‘Anti Child
Labour Day’. In the Government Order 3rd read above, Orders have been issued that a pledge on child
labour should be taken at 11.00 A.M on 12th June of every year which has already been declared as
‘Anti Child Labour Day’.

     2. The Commissioner of Labour in his letter fourth read above, has proposed the Government to
modify the pledge approved in the Government Order 3rd read above.

        3. The Government after careful consideration accept the proposal of the Commissioner of Labour
and in supersession of the orders and in the G.O 3rd read above, direct that at 11.00 a.m on the 12th June
of every year which has already been declared as ‘Anti Child Labour Day’, a pledge as in the annexure
should be taken in all Schools, Offices, Factories, other establishments and also in all the Government
Offices, throughout the State to focus public attention on this subject. The Government also direct that
if 12th June happens to be a Government holiday, and the pledge be taken on the previous working day.


                                      (By order of the Governor)


                                                               LAKSHMI PRANESH,
                                                        CHIEF SECRETARY TO GOVERNMENT
38
To
The Commissioner of Labour, Chennai -6.
The Chief Inspector of Factories, Chennai-5 to communicate all Factories and other establishments.
All Head of Departments thro’ Commissioner of Labour, Chennai-6.
All District Collectors thro’ Commissioner of Labour, Chennai-6.
The Director of School Education, Chennai-6 thro’ Commissioner of Labour to communicate all schools.
All Section in Labour and Employment Department, Chennai-9.
Stock File/ Spare Copies.
Clean copy for file.


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Eߧ áß¡ú\u”


                                         //EiûU SLp//




Published by

STATE CHILD LABOUR REHBILITATION CUM WELFARE SOCIETY
TAMILNADU LABOUR WELFARE BOARD BUILDING
TEYNAMPET, CHENNAI - 600 006
TAMIL NADU

Ist edition
Year : March 2004
2nd edition
Year : Feb 2005
                                                                                                  39

								
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