Pennington Forage News Winter 2009 Vol. 4, Issue 2 1-800-285-SEED www.penningtonseed.com Durana whiTe clover – “a workhorSe noT a ShowhorSe” S ome years back, a popular South Georgia legislator ran for governor with a campaign slogan theme titled “A workhorse – not a showhorse.” The slogan implied that the at each node to form a series of sub-plants that produce an abundance of new leaf mass. Each so-called peg develops into a root system that enhances water and nutrient uptake by candidate may not have as much glitz as some of his oppo- the plant and also prevents the plant from being uprooted nents, but none of them would outwork him. by heavy livestock grazing. While other clovers initially may When it comes to Pennington’s Durana white clover, seem more productive with taller growth and larger leaves, I can think of no better way to describe it than to use this Durana’s thick stolon mass (97 stolons/sq. ft. compared to same old gubernatorial campaign slogan. There may be clo- 52/sq. ft. for ladino) is producing an abundance of leafy, nu- tritious forage while at the same time better competing for nutrients and water with the existing pasture forage. This unique growth habit makes Durana a real “workhorse” clover with unmatched persistence and toughness. Adding to Durana’s reputation as a “workhorse” clo- ver is the fact that it is the only perennial white clover recom- mended for use with summer perennial grasses such as ber- muda and bahia. It also tolerates lower pH and a wider range of soil types than other clovers. Durana has a wide geographic area of adaptation including the Northeast, Upper Midwest, Lower and Upper South and parts of the Western U.S. Durana white clover emerges and immediately sends down a long taproot that helps insure plant vigor and survival. vers that appear to establish more quickly and produce more forage early on, but none can match Durana’s durability, en- vironmental toughness and persistence. In developing Durana, former UGA plant breeder Joe Bouton set forth to find a clover that would compete and persist under varying weather conditions and real world farm pasture management systems. He wanted a perennial “work- horse” clover that could tolerate drought, heat and heavy grazing and also compete with existing pasture forages used While annual clovers such as Crimson (r) appear impressive throughout the U.S. with large leaves and robust plants, Durana (l) forms a mat Durana’s growth habits are different than annual of productive forage that provides grazing for 8 – 10 months clovers and ladino types of clover. It emerges, sends down year after year. a deep taproot and then begins forming a network of sto- lons that spread along the soil surface. The plant pegs down penningTon proviDeS unparalleleD Dealer SupporT F or over 60 years, the name Pennington has been associ- ated with superior quality and service. By conducting on-farm calls, field days and seminars and offering area matched dealer support for forage and wildlife product sales. With a knowledgeable and highly respected team of forage professionals and sales staff to provide back-up, Pen- canvassing programs, nationwide product advertising and nington dealers have a true partner in bringing the latest in-store promotions, Pennington Seed, Inc. provides un- information, techniques and product advancements to the local farm level as well as setting up in-store product and information displays designed to attract and educate cus- tomers and grow sales. Experienced Pennington forage experts share product and management information with on-farm visits. Missouri forage specialist, Justin Burns (L), discusses orchardgrass and Patriot white clover with Purdy, MO dairyman, Charles Fletcher. Knowledgeable sales reps assist dealers with in-store product displays and sales promotions. Alabama Division sales rep, Gary Shaffer (L), shares product info with customers at Barnes Ace Hardware in Pensacola, FL Whitey Hunt, co-owner of Godfrey’s Warehouse in Madison, GA, testifies to Pennington’s superior support, “Much of our business relates to forages and there aren’t a lot of people out there who support forages. Pennington specializes in forages and has great products that I strongly believe in and ones my customers ask for. They provide the technical and sales support I need to grow my seed sales.” Sam Hawks, owner of Hawks Fertilizer in Bolivar, Missouri has experienced first hand how a partnership with Penning- ton helped him grow sales. “I would have never thought we could sell $6.50 clover seed. But I had a producer plant some the previous year with outstanding success. Pen- nington helped me create some interest through multiple promotions and the phone rang off the hook. We sold over 100 bags in 2 months.” Pennington supports dealers with participation in forage and wildlife seminars, field days and related activities. penningTon paSTure poinTer: • Apply nitrogen fertilizer to cool season perennial forages like orchardgrass and fescue just prior to a period of rapid forage growth. With adequate rainfall, this period occurs from March through early May and again from September through early November. Apply 50-100 lbs nitrogen/A in mid-February to mid-March and 30-50 lbs nitrogen/A in late August or early September. giveS Top yielDS & improveD colD Tolerance B ermudagrass has long been a staple of southern pas- ture and hay forage systems. Traditional varieties of forage bermudagrass have generally been better adapted to cause of its finer stem and leaf. My horse customers now want nothing but Mohawk. With Mohawk, I have found a hay product that is high in digestibility with excellent the lower South. However, with Pennington’s “Mohawk” nutritive value. It establishes quicker than sprigged variet- seeded bermudagrass, producers in the upper South are ies and grows as tall as Coastal and Jiggs, but with a finer now enjoying the benefits of this durable livestock for- stem and leaf.” When compared to other popular seeded age. Developed by Dr. Lincoln Taylor at Virginia Tech, bermudas, Mohawk is a proven top performer (see tables). Mohawk is one of the most cold tolerant bermuda variet- With superior cold tolerance, it is well-adapted from the ies available. It is high yielding and can be used for both southern areas of California, Oklahoma and Missouri, grazing and hay production. Dayton, Texas hay producer throughout the Southeast and northward to Virginia. For Bill Wade says Mohawk provides the quality product his a number of years, it has been a key component of Pen- customers demand. “I stack my hay in the barn according nington’s ultra popular Ranchero Frio forage bermuda to the variety and everyone goes right to the Mohawk be- blend. 2001-03 Bermudagrass Trial - Blackstone, VA Bermudagrass Trial Variety 2001 2002 2003 3 yr. avg. Bandera, TX* ------Dry Matter lbs. per Acre------ Variety Dry Matter lbs/acre Ranchero Frio 6774 19144 15288 13735 Mohawk 3434 Cheyenne 6547 18781 14695 13341 Coastal 3383 Mohawk 4902 14796 17739 12479 Giant 2928 Wrangler 3695 13643 18801 12046 Wrangler 2853 Pyramid 4782 14752 16310 11948 Guymon 3664 12849 16859 11124 *planted 2004 guiDe To FroST SeeDing whiTe clover • Graze pasture forage down low to expose soil • Plant in mid-February through March Drilled – 1/8 inch deep Broadcast – trample in or use a roller device to improve seed/soil contact Seeding Rate – 3 to 4 lbs. seed per acre • Control spring forage growth to allow seedlings to establish and compete Trophy Deer hunT ScoreS Big wiTh DealerS T he weekend of November 14-16 saw 20 of Penning- ton’s top independent dealers travel to the Pennington family farm near Madison, GA for three days of recreation for this exclusive weekend by having the highest volume of sales in Pennington’s “Big Buck Trophy” fall sales promotion campaign. According to John Carpenter, National Forage and trophy deer hunting. These dealers gained eligibility & Wildlife Sales & Product Manager for Pennington, the weekend was a major success. "Participants not only got in on some great deer hunting, but also had the opportunity to fellowship and exchange ideas with fellow retailers as well as meet the Pennington family and all the wildlife and forage sales team." Carpenter added, “Independent dealers are an integral part of our forage & wildlife sales and distribution process. We are pleased we could reward some of those who have excelled in their efforts to promote our outstanding line of forage and wildlife products.” Rob Pennington, Madison, GA, Brad Mallow, Carthage, NC, and Rodney Hicks, Little Rock, AR harvested trophy bucks during Pen- nington’s “Big Buck Trophy” deer hunting weekend. The top selling dealers in Pennington’s “Big Buck Trophy” fall sales promotion were treated to an exclusive three day deer hunt at the Pennington family farm near Madison, Ga. penningTon paSTure poinTer: • First year management of newly planted fescue is key for long stand life. Forage experts recommend wait- ing until fescue seedlings are 8” or taller and roots are firmly anchored before grazing. Do not graze or clip fescue below a height of 3” during the year of establishment. penningTon paSTure poinTer: • Sunlight is a key factor in pasture forage production. Light is needed to promote high numbers of active tillers that form from buds located near the plant base. This is particularly crucial for tall fescue. Excessive self shading can occur when fescue forage growth is underutilized. This leads to leaf aging and death, lower numbers of new plant tillers and reduced forage production.