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					                           Pennington Forage News
   Winter 2009            Vol. 4, Issue 2           1-800-285-SEED              www.penningtonseed.com



  Durana whiTe clover – “a workhorSe noT a ShowhorSe”

S   ome years back, a popular South Georgia legislator ran
    for governor with a campaign slogan theme titled “A
workhorse – not a showhorse.” The slogan implied that the
                                                               at each node to form a series of sub-plants that produce an
                                                               abundance of new leaf mass. Each so-called peg develops into
                                                               a root system that enhances water and nutrient uptake by
candidate may not have as much glitz as some of his oppo-      the plant and also prevents the plant from being uprooted
nents, but none of them would outwork him.                     by heavy livestock grazing. While other clovers initially may
        When it comes to Pennington’s Durana white clover,     seem more productive with taller growth and larger leaves,
I can think of no better way to describe it than to use this   Durana’s thick stolon mass (97 stolons/sq. ft. compared to
same old gubernatorial campaign slogan. There may be clo-      52/sq. ft. for ladino) is producing an abundance of leafy, nu-
                                                               tritious forage while at the same time better competing for
                                                               nutrients and water with the existing pasture forage. This
                                                               unique growth habit makes Durana a real “workhorse” clover
                                                               with unmatched persistence and toughness.
                                                                        Adding to Durana’s reputation as a “workhorse” clo-
                                                               ver is the fact that it is the only perennial white clover recom-
                                                               mended for use with summer perennial grasses such as ber-
                                                               muda and bahia. It also tolerates lower pH and a wider range
                                                               of soil types than other clovers. Durana has a wide geographic
                                                               area of adaptation including the Northeast, Upper Midwest,
                                                               Lower and Upper South and parts of the Western U.S.




 Durana white clover emerges and immediately sends down
 a long taproot that helps insure plant vigor and survival.

vers that appear to establish more quickly and produce more
forage early on, but none can match Durana’s durability, en-
vironmental toughness and persistence.
         In developing Durana, former UGA plant breeder
Joe Bouton set forth to find a clover that would compete and
persist under varying weather conditions and real world farm
pasture management systems. He wanted a perennial “work-
horse” clover that could tolerate drought, heat and heavy
grazing and also compete with existing pasture forages used    While annual clovers such as Crimson (r) appear impressive
throughout the U.S.                                            with large leaves and robust plants, Durana (l) forms a mat
         Durana’s growth habits are different than annual      of productive forage that provides grazing for 8 – 10 months
clovers and ladino types of clover. It emerges, sends down     year after year.
a deep taproot and then begins forming a network of sto-
lons that spread along the soil surface. The plant pegs down
 penningTon proviDeS unparalleleD Dealer SupporT
F   or over 60 years, the name Pennington has been associ-
    ated with superior quality and service. By conducting
on-farm calls, field days and seminars and offering area
                                                                   matched dealer support for forage and wildlife product
                                                                   sales. With a knowledgeable and highly respected team of
                                                                   forage professionals and sales staff to provide back-up, Pen-
canvassing programs, nationwide product advertising and            nington dealers have a true partner in bringing the latest
in-store promotions, Pennington Seed, Inc. provides un-            information, techniques and product advancements to the
                                                                   local farm level as well as setting up in-store product and
                                                                   information displays designed to attract and educate cus-
                                                                   tomers and grow sales.




Experienced Pennington forage experts share product and
management information with on-farm visits. Missouri forage
specialist, Justin Burns (L), discusses orchardgrass and Patriot
white clover with Purdy, MO dairyman, Charles Fletcher.              Knowledgeable sales reps assist dealers with in-store product
                                                                     displays and sales promotions. Alabama Division sales rep,
                                                                     Gary Shaffer (L), shares product info with customers at Barnes
                                                                     Ace Hardware in Pensacola, FL
                                                                            Whitey Hunt, co-owner of Godfrey’s Warehouse in
                                                                   Madison, GA, testifies to Pennington’s superior support,
                                                                   “Much of our business relates to forages and there aren’t a
                                                                   lot of people out there who support forages. Pennington
                                                                   specializes in forages and has great products that I strongly
                                                                   believe in and ones my customers ask for. They provide the
                                                                   technical and sales support I need to grow my seed sales.”
                                                                   Sam Hawks, owner of Hawks Fertilizer in Bolivar, Missouri
                                                                   has experienced first hand how a partnership with Penning-
                                                                   ton helped him grow sales. “I would have never thought
                                                                   we could sell $6.50 clover seed. But I had a producer plant
                                                                   some the previous year with outstanding success. Pen-
                                                                   nington helped me create some interest through multiple
                                                                   promotions and the phone rang off the hook. We sold over
                                                                   100 bags in 2 months.”
 Pennington supports dealers with participation in forage and
 wildlife seminars, field days and related activities.

           penningTon paSTure poinTer:
       •	 Apply nitrogen fertilizer to cool season perennial forages like orchardgrass and fescue just prior to a period
          of rapid forage growth. With adequate rainfall, this period occurs from March through early May and again
          from September through early November. Apply 50-100 lbs nitrogen/A in mid-February to mid-March and
          30-50 lbs nitrogen/A in late August or early September.
                       giveS Top yielDS & improveD colD Tolerance
B    ermudagrass has long been a staple of southern pas-
     ture and hay forage systems. Traditional varieties of
forage bermudagrass have generally been better adapted to
                                                              cause of its finer stem and leaf. My horse customers now
                                                              want nothing but Mohawk. With Mohawk, I have found
                                                              a hay product that is high in digestibility with excellent
the lower South. However, with Pennington’s “Mohawk”          nutritive value. It establishes quicker than sprigged variet-
seeded bermudagrass, producers in the upper South are         ies and grows as tall as Coastal and Jiggs, but with a finer
now enjoying the benefits of this durable livestock for-      stem and leaf.” When compared to other popular seeded
age. Developed by Dr. Lincoln Taylor at Virginia Tech,        bermudas, Mohawk is a proven top performer (see tables).
Mohawk is one of the most cold tolerant bermuda variet-       With superior cold tolerance, it is well-adapted from the
ies available. It is high yielding and can be used for both   southern areas of California, Oklahoma and Missouri,
grazing and hay production. Dayton, Texas hay producer        throughout the Southeast and northward to Virginia. For
Bill Wade says Mohawk provides the quality product his        a number of years, it has been a key component of Pen-
customers demand. “I stack my hay in the barn according       nington’s ultra popular Ranchero Frio forage bermuda
to the variety and everyone goes right to the Mohawk be-      blend.


        2001-03 Bermudagrass Trial - Blackstone, VA
                                                                                   Bermudagrass Trial
   Variety                 2001     2002      2003 3 yr. avg.                        Bandera, TX*
                             ------Dry Matter lbs. per Acre------           Variety          Dry Matter lbs/acre
   Ranchero Frio           6774     19144   15288      13735                Mohawk                    3434
   Cheyenne                6547     18781   14695      13341                Coastal                   3383
   Mohawk                  4902     14796   17739      12479                Giant                     2928
   Wrangler                3695     13643   18801      12046                Wrangler                  2853
   Pyramid                 4782     14752   16310      11948
   Guymon                  3664     12849   16859      11124                *planted 2004




                guiDe To FroST SeeDing whiTe clover
                          •	 Graze pasture forage down low to expose soil

                          •	 Plant in mid-February through March
                               Drilled – 1/8 inch deep
                               Broadcast – trample in or use a roller device to improve seed/soil contact
                               Seeding Rate – 3 to 4 lbs. seed per acre

                          •	 Control spring forage growth to allow seedlings to establish
                             and compete
             Trophy Deer hunT ScoreS Big wiTh DealerS

T    he weekend of November 14-16 saw 20 of Penning-
     ton’s top independent dealers travel to the Pennington
family farm near Madison, GA for three days of recreation
                                                                     for this exclusive weekend by having the highest volume of
                                                                     sales in Pennington’s “Big Buck Trophy” fall sales promotion
                                                                     campaign. According to John Carpenter, National Forage
and trophy deer hunting. These dealers gained eligibility            & Wildlife Sales & Product Manager for Pennington, the
                                                                     weekend was a major success. "Participants not only got in
                                                                     on some great deer hunting, but also had the opportunity to
                                                                     fellowship and exchange ideas with fellow retailers as well as
                                                                     meet the Pennington family and all the wildlife and forage
                                                                     sales team." Carpenter added, “Independent dealers are an
                                                                     integral part of our forage & wildlife sales and distribution
                                                                     process. We are pleased we could reward some of those who
                                                                     have excelled in their efforts to promote our outstanding line
                                                                     of forage and wildlife products.”




  Rob Pennington, Madison, GA, Brad Mallow, Carthage, NC, and
  Rodney Hicks, Little Rock, AR harvested trophy bucks during Pen-
  nington’s “Big Buck Trophy” deer hunting weekend.




                                                                       The top selling dealers in Pennington’s “Big Buck Trophy”
                                                                       fall sales promotion were treated to an exclusive three day deer
                                                                       hunt at the Pennington family farm near Madison, Ga.


        penningTon paSTure poinTer:
      •	 First year management of newly planted fescue is key for long stand life. Forage experts recommend wait-
         ing until fescue seedlings are 8” or taller and roots are firmly anchored before grazing. Do not graze or clip
         fescue below a height of 3” during the year of establishment.


      penningTon paSTure poinTer:
     •	 Sunlight is a key factor in pasture forage production. Light is needed to promote high numbers of active tillers
        that form from buds located near the plant base. This is particularly crucial for tall fescue. Excessive self shading
        can occur when fescue forage growth is underutilized. This leads to leaf aging and death, lower numbers of new
        plant tillers and reduced forage production.

				
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