Birmingham City Council - Evidence of by lifemate


									                                                                Entry form

Name of category being entered:                      Energy Efficiency Achievement of the Year Award
Name of achievement or project being entered:                          Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System
Name of council and department(s) submitting entry:
Birmingham City Council, Development and Culture Directorate
Address: Urban            Design, 1 Lancaster Circus, Birmingham                                             Postcode: B4 7DG
Telephone : .............0121           303 6511......................................................
First name.......Leo .............................Surname ...................McMulkin.................................

Address:                  As above.................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................... Postcode:

                       Please e-mail your entry to:

The MJ requires:
      •      A contact person for all correspondence (this does not have to be the leader of the award entry
      •      Email address, postal address, office phone and mobile phone numbers
      •      The name of the Award you are entering (please provide a separate entry form for each
      •      The council or organisation name
      •      The name and exact job title of the chief executive and relevant head of department
      •      Full names of the entry team, including job titles and department.
      •      These can be changed later if people leave
      •      Submissions should be emailed and take up no more than 2000 words, unless otherwise
             stated by your individual category criteria. Entries exceeding the word limit will be disqualified.
      •      A maximum of 100 words stating the key elements of how your achievement has made a real
             difference to your citizens
                         The MJ Local Government Achievement Awards
   The MJ. 32 Vauxhall Bridge Road, London SW1V 2SS T: 020 7973 6668 @:

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System,


By introducing a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system, the vision of a
sustainable city is becoming a reality for Birmingham City Council (BCC). In
its first year of operation the system has cut 2,800 tonnes of carbon at a 5%
cost saving. This is enough energy to produce 600 cups of tea and 700 slices
of toast each year for every resident in Birmingham. Through a
groundbreaking public and private partnership, this CHP scheme will help to
cut carbon by 60% by 2026.

1. The vision for CHP – how it all started/making it happen

Birmingham City Council (BCC) has long held the vision of developing large-
scale sustainable district energy schemes across the city, and during last year
this has become a reality through the successful CHP scheme.

Started in 2004, the scheme was part of a desktop feasibility exercise
undertaken by Urban Design’s Energy Management Team. The study was
commissioned to identify a decentralised energy system, which would
generate environmental and financial savings for Birmingham city centre.

CHP, unlike conventional forms of power generation, uses the by-product
heat normally wasted into the environment. Traditional forms of energy
production are generally 30% efficient, releasing more energy into the
environment than they produce. In contrast, CHP is 80% efficient, dramatically
reducing waste produced by the buildings involved. CHP projects are
nationally recognised as a way of reducing CO2 emissions.

After securing match funding from DEFRA’s commercial energy programme,
a second feasibility study was carried out, establishing two Birmingham
schemes, one in Broad Street and one in Eastside. In September 2006,
Utilicom was chosen as a preferred supplier, enabling BCC to sign up to a 25-
year energy services’ contract.

The first CHP scheme, the Broad Street City Centre Energy Network, was
established in October 2007. In its first full year of operation, the team has
identified significant cuts in carbon and reduced energy consumption.

The initial energy sales accounted to the network were £2.4m; the new
scheme saving the businesses a total of £130k per year. The capital cost of
£2m was funded by private sector equity from Utilicom and a Community
Energy Programme (CEP) grant secured by BCC’s Urban Design Energy
Management team.

                             Schematic of CHP engines

2. Working within BCC priorities

The successful CHP scheme is directly in line with BCC’s Plan:
•   To succeed economically - potentially reducing energy bills
•   To stay safe in a clean green city - reaching carbon reduction saving
    targets and contributing to an efficiently run city
•   To be healthy - lower greenhouse gas emissions
•   To enjoy a high quality of life - potentially tackling fuel poverty
•   To make a contribution and to achieve excellence - championing this
    innovative scheme and pioneering additional CHP schemes

BCC’s climate change ambitions

Birmingham plans to lead the low carbon city revolution with its resources,
capability, ideas and innovation. As a growing city, there are major
opportunities to create new sustainable places for living and to build in
innovative ways.

BCC is committed to:
•   Reducing CO2 emissions
•   Educating the people of Birmingham about the impact of climate change
    through business and community resilience planning

•   Achieving behavioural changes
•   Creating green innovation opportunities

BCC’s carbon emission reduction targets are challenging – to achieve a 60%
reduction in city-wide CO2 emissions by 2026 - exceeding the UK
government’s already tight targets.

The CHP scheme is part of a wider strategy to create a sustainable green city.
In 2008 BCC ran the world’s first ‘Climate Change Festival’ from 31 May to 8
June 2008. Alongside the events and exhibitions:
    •   1,500 people signed pledges to reduce their own carbon footprint by
        100kg during the next 12 months
    •   More than 1,000 local schoolchildren attended to learn about climate
    •   2,000 plastic carrier bags were exchanged for ‘bags for life’
    •   100 items of IT equipment were recycled

3. Working in partnership under strong management

Since its launch, the CHP scheme has collaborated with public and private
partners. To move the project forward, a strategic board comprising BCC, the
Birmingham District Energy Company (BDEC) and other consumers, was
established to bring shared energy savings to the city.

Garry East, director of estates and facilities at Aston University, said, "I am
extremely proud to be part of the team that has worked so hard to bring CHP
to Birmingham, and particularly to this latest Eastside phase. CHP is a
particularly significant and practical solution, which the university can utilise to
contribute to a more sustainable energy provision, and reduce our carbon
footprint. We all need to make a steep behavioural change in our approach to
the provision and use of energy and resources."

Broad Street is the first operational CHP scheme. The Broad Street City
Centre Energy Network provides hot water for heating, and electricity and cold
water for air conditioning to many of Birmingham’s prominent buildings,

including the International Convention Centre (ICC), the National Indoor
Arena (NIA), the Council House, the Town Hall, the Rep Theatre, Paradise
Circus and the Hyatt Regency Hotel.

                        Birmingham District Energy scheme

Geoff Fenlon, general manager at the ICC, said: “This scheme is a far more
efficient way of generating energy and also supplying chilled water. It costs
less money for us and also saves CO2.”

Unlike conventional forms of power generation, CHP puts the heat by-product
of generators to good use rather than wasting it into the atmosphere.

Deputy leader of BCC and CHP champion, Councillor Paul Tilsley, said, “This
is an excellent example of how the city council is taking a lead in tackling
climate change. This scheme is really exciting, as it is helping to make a
difference to the environment in which we all have to live. I have been
privileged to be involved from the start and hope it is the first of many
schemes across the city. We often use it as an example to encourage major
developers across the region to address sustainability issues.”

4. Achieving Success

The CHP scheme is a working model, demonstrating carbon cutting success
through its network. The Council House, (one of the buildings in the scheme)
has obtained a ‘C’ energy rating in its recent Display Energy Certificate
(DEC). The building now has a higher commercial value because of its
energy efficient values.

The scheme has attracted interest both from within the UK and abroad. This
year Utilicom (the CHP energy provider), won a Queen’s Award for
Sustainable Development.

Simon Woodward, chief executive of Utilicom Group, said,” We are delighted
to win this award which recognises our unique track record in developing
decentralised sustainable energy schemes across both small and large scale
urban areas. The environmental benefits we deliver come not just from the
energy we supply, but also from operating a business which itself cares for
the environment with wide ranging internal initiatives on transport, waste
handling and equipment recycling.”

The plans to extend this CHP model are underway, as the team looks to other
areas of Birmingham, for example Aston University and the Birmingham
Children’s Hospital (for more details please see section 7 – The future of

5. The Benchmark is set – sharing the good work

Birmingham’s CHP project has been named an exemplar model by the
Carbon Trust and has been used as a best practice initiative across many
private and public partners.

Representatives from BCC’s Urban Design team have had the opportunity to
promote this success to professional audiences, including members of the
Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors and the Chartered Institute of
Building. As well as exhibiting at the Energy Efficiency Summit in Birmingham
and the Big on Energy conference in Southampton, in December 2008

representatives spoke to the next generation of construction professionals at
Birmingham City University. During the next few months, the team has been
invited to speak to key opinion formers at the West Midlands Collaborative
Working Group, SCEME delegates and to present at Newcastle City Council.

The ambitious and imaginative planning and progress has been shared with
both internal and external stakeholders, via newsletters, press releases, team
meetings, events and also the council and Utilicom websites.

BCC officers and members visited Southampton City Council to learn from its
scheme, however with new plans in place for phase two, Birmingham’s CHP
scheme is set to be the largest in the UK.

BCC’s Urban Design has hosted other local authorities (Derby City Council,
Leicester City Council and Walsall Metropolitan Borough Council over the last
month), to explain the schemes and procurement processes. Many other
large organisations can follow the BCC example of good practice and best
value through shared knowledge and experience.

6. A greener, cleaner living environment

Birmingham is the economic powerhouse of the West Midlands, providing a
concentration of employment and economic activity

A sustainable future for Birmingham depends on the conscious decision of
communities and leaders to support the aims of sustainable development, and
improve the quality of life for all.

                                Birmingham city centre

Sustainability for the city involves the council in scrutinising all its activities,
and working in partnership with others, e.g. Utilicom Ltd on the CHP scheme.
Working with the Climate Change Strategy Team for the council, this scheme
is a measurable success towards challenging carbon cutting targets.

The combined Broad Street and Eastside schemes are expected to reduce
emissions of carbon dioxide by over 10,000 tonnes each year. The city
council and BDEC aim to further reduce emissions to 20,000 tonnes per year
by 2014, with the connection of new energy customers and use of renewable
energy technologies.

In addition to pioneering the CHP, the Urban Design team has worked on an
internal energy awareness campaign – Energy Smart; a pioneering Energy
Saving Fund; and research and development in new areas such as waste
management and local sourcing.

The team is passionate about championing accessible sustainability in new
and existing public buildings throughout the West Midlands.

Examples include, managing and running a Building Energy Management
System (BEMS) to provide optimum heating and energy efficiency and using
tools such as the Building Research Establishment Environmental

Assessment Method (BREEAM) to assess embodied energy, emissions,
toxicity and waste.

7. The future of CHP

BCC’s Urban Design team is identifying other areas across the city centre to
increase the CHP initiative. The first phase of the Eastside CHP scheme is
now under construction after contracts were signed with Aston University in
April 2008. Detailed negotiations are currently taking place to install a CHP
system in Birmingham Children’s Hospital and the city council’s Lancaster
Circus offices as a second phase of the Eastside CHP scheme.

The Eastside scheme has the potential to reduce carbon emissions:

Phase 1 – Birmingham Children’s Hospital and BCC Lancaster
Circus (Contract to be signed January 2009)
•   CHP - 1.5 Mega Watt (MW) system in the new energy centre
•   Application made for circa £1m Department of Health Grant
•   Energy Sales - £1.04m per year
•   Carbon Savings - 3,500 Tonnes of CO 2 per year

Phase 2 – Aston University (contract signed spring 2008)
•   CHP - 2 x 1.5 MW in existing boiler house
•   Energy Sales - £2m
•   Carbon Savings - 5,300 Tonnes of CO2 per year

High level support for the project has come from Aston University’s vice
chancellor, Professor Julia King, who is actively engaged in the government’s
sustainable agenda:

“Aston University is very pleased to be taking this step on the way to realising
a more sustainable vision for the University’s energy requirements. The close
working partnership between Aston University’s estates team, BCC and
Utilicom will enable this project to deliver a number of the University’s
sustainability targets over the coming years. The potential to develop

collaboration between our bio energy research and our campus heat and
power supply is a particularly exciting aspect of this project.”

                The new halls of residence planned for the University

The opportunities for the growth of CHP schemes are considerable, both
across the city and in the West Midlands. BCC’s Urban Design team is
working on strategic plans to develop this project further and is in discussion
with organisations including Advantage West Midlands (AWM) to discuss their
vision for the future and to ensure the city meets and exceeds all its targets.

Team details:

The Sustainability and Energy Management team are part of Urban Design
and as well as pioneering the Combined Heat and Power (CHP), have worked
on an internal energy awareness campaign – Energy Smart, the team
involved Energy Saving Fund, and research and development in new areas
such as waste management and local sourcing, championing the cause of
accessible sustainability in new and existing public buildings across the West

The key areas of work include:

Building Energy Management System (BEMS), this provides optimum heating
control and energy efficiency for our clients.

Contributing to Birmingham City Councils initiatives for Sustainability,
providing technical and promotional support on environmental issues.

Utilising tools such a BREEAM and Dynamic Simulation Models to evaluate
the environmental and performance of proposed designs, assessing
embodied energy, emissions, toxicity and waste.

Contributing towards the integration of renewable energy solutions into new
building designs.

Meeting legislative responsibilities regarding the Energy Performance
Certificates and Display Energy Certificates.


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