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Birmingham and Solihull Key Statistics - LSC West Midlands

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Birmingham and Solihull Key Statistics - LSC West Midlands Powered By Docstoc
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There are five LSC area offices in the West             The demand for skills and qualifications              of 3.3%. This estimated growth is slightly below       Employment change 2004-2014 (000s), Birmingham and Solihull                                                             West Midlands Skills shortage by sector (as a % of vacancies)
Midlands. These cover the following sub-regions:        The shifts in sectoral and occupational               the regional average of 3.5% and the national                                          1. Managers & senior officials                                                                                                   Agriculture                                               WM Average
                                                        employment will impact on the skills and              average of 4.5%.
• Birmingham and Solihull                               qualifications needed by employers and                                                                                                          2. Professional occupations                                                                                                  Engineering
                                                        individuals. Ten years from now there will            The structure of employment by industrial sector               3. Associate professional & technical occupations
• The Black Country                                                                                           is expected to change. Projections indicate that                                                                                                                                                            Other manufacturing
                                                        be fewer employment opportunities for people                                                                                      4. Administrative, clerical & secretarial
• Coventry and Warwickshire                             with no or few skills, whereas there will be more     there will be a decline in employment within the                                                                                                                                                          Electricity, gas & water
                                                        opportunities for those with higher level skills.     primary sectors, engineering and other                                                   5. Skilled trade occupations                                                                                                 Construction
• Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Shropshire                                                                manufacturing and construction. This will be offset                                   6. Personal service occupations
                                                        Demographic changes and the supply of skills          by major growth in employment in business and                                                                                                                                                                 Wholesale & retail
• Staffordshire                                         The regional population is expected to grow           other services. Net growth is also forecast for the                   7. Sales and customer services occupations                                                                                            Hotels & restaurants
                                                        by 211,000 by 2018, at a rate of 4% slightly          education, health and social care and distribution                                  8. Transport & machine operative                                                                                                     Transport
The LSC is committed to the improvement of the          slower than the England average. Most of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Net Change
                                                                                                              (including wholesale and retail) sectors. There will                                      9. Elementary occupations                                 Replacement Demands
wider further education sector, to raise standards      this growth will be in the 65 and over age group.     however be demand for labour in all sectors of the                                                                                                                                               Business & professional services
and to make learning provision more responsive to       The working age population (16-65) will grow          economy due to replacement demands which               Source: Working Futures II                                                                                                                                 ICT & telecoms
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 -30   -20   -10   0   10   20   30       40            50
the needs of individuals and employers. To do this      by just 46,000 (1%). When we link this to the         reflect the need to replace skills that will be lost                                                                                                                                                        Public administration
we assess and utilise market intelligence at area       expected employment growth it is apparent that        because of labour turnover as people retire or leave
level to target resources to bring about change.        some employers will have difficulties meeting         for other reasons.                                                                                                                                                                                                       Education
                                                        their recruitment needs and will have to become                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Health & social work
The research team in the West Midlands has              more effective in exploiting growing groups of        The proportion of employers reporting skills gaps
produced this information pack to support                                                                     within their workforce in Birmingham and Solihull                                                                                                                                                         Miscellaneous services
                                                        potential labour supply such as minority ethnic
colleagues, stakeholders and providers in their         groups and older people.                              is 16%, in line with the West Midlands and                                                                                                                                     Source: NESS 2005                                             0%    10%       20%           30%       40%        50%          60%
strategic and operational planning, to help meet                                                              national average. Skills gaps as a proportion of
the challenges of a demand led system.                                                                        employment are also in line with the regional
                                                        The economy                                           average, which is below the national average.
A more detailed analysis of the issues presented        and labour market                                                                                                                                                                                                                    West Midlands Skills gaps by sector (as a % of employment)
can be found in the West Midlands Strategic                                                                   A higher proportion of employers in the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    WM Average
                                                        Employment projections show that between 2004                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Agriculture
Analysis at www.lsc.gov.uk/westmidlands                                                                       sub-region report recruitment problems in
                                                        and 2014 it is expected there will be employment      terms of the proportion of vacancies which are                                                                                                                                                                               Engineering
                                                        growth in Birmingham and Solihull. The net results    due to skills shortages (skills shortage vacancies,                                                                                                                                                                Other manufacturing
                                                        of this will be 22,000 additional jobs, an increase   34% against 31%).
Market Analysis                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Electricity, gas & water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Construction
The structure of the regional economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Wholesale & retail
Whilst many of the West Midland’s key
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hotels & restaurants
manufacturing industries have continued to              Birmingham                                                Solihull                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Transport
decline, a range of service industries are expanding    Population 1,001,200
significantly and are becoming key sources of                                                                     Population 200,900                                                                                                                                                                                   Business & professional services
wealth creation for the region. These include           Birmingham has an estimated working age                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ICT & telecoms
                                                        population of 596,000, 20.7% of these have                Solihull has an estimated working age
both private sector services such as business and
                                                        declared that they have a disability. Ethnic              population of 119,100, 16% of these have                                                                                                                                                                       Public administration
professional services, retail and hotels and catering                                                             declared that they have a disability. Ethnic
and public sector activities such as health and         minority groups make up 30% of the total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Education
                                                                                                                  minority groups account for 5% of the total
social care and recreational and cultural services.     population (2001 Census).                                 population (2001 Census).                                                                                                                                                                                      Health & social work

                                                        The unemployment rate in Birmingham is                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Miscellaneous services
Forecasts suggest that there is potential for                                                                     The unemployment rate in Solihull is low at
significant additional demand for labour and            5.7% (April 2007) above the regional average              2.2% (April 2007) below the regional average                                                                                                                               Source: NESS 2005                                             0%    1%       2%        3%     4%       5%       6%       7%         8%    9%   10%
skills in the West Midlands over the next decade.       of 3.3 and the national average of 2.5%. There            of 3.3% and the national average of 2.5%.
Overall close to a million job opportunities            are a number of areas in the city which fall within       Solihull has pockets of deprivation which fall
                                                        the 10% most deprived in England, according to            within the 30% most deprived in England.
could potentially be on offer, with 90,000 of
                                                                                                                  There is a concentration of deprived areas to
these being new jobs created by the expansion           the indices of multiple deprivation 2004.                                                                                                                                                                                             Employment change 2004-2014 (000s), Birmingham and Solihull
                                                                                                                  the north of the district, particularly in the
of the economy.                                                                                                   wards of Smith’s Wood, Kingshurst, Fordbridge
                                                        Business and professional services accounts for                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Agriculture etc
                                                        20% of employment in Birmingham, wholesale                and Chelmsley Wood.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Net Change
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Mining & quarrying                                                                               Replacement Demands
                                                        and retail sector accounts for 14% and the health         Just over 21% of those living in Solihull are
                                                        and social care sector accounts for just under            employed in business and professional services,                                                                                                                                                 Food, drink & tobacco
                                                        13% of employment. Together engineering and               13% in wholesale and retail and 11% in health                                                                                                                                                               Engineering
                                                        manufacturing accounts for just under 12%                 and social care. Solihull has above average                                                                                                                                                     Rest of manufacturing
                                                        of employment.                                            employment in the engineering sector, just
                                                                                                                  under 10% compared to 7% across the West                                                                                                                                                       Electricity, gas & water
                                                        There has been marked increase in the proportion          Midlands and just under 4% nationally.                                                                                                                                                                     Construction
                                                        of young people achieving a Level 2 qualification         The proportion of young people achieving                                                                                                                                                                    Distribution
                                                        by the age of nineteen, a seven percentage point          a Level 2 qualification by the age of 19 has                                                                                                                                                        Hotels & catering
                                                        rise since 2004 to 62% in 2006. Despite this              increased by four percentage points since
                                                        increase this remains below the West Midlands             2004 to 73% in 2006. This is above the West                                                                                                                                          Transport & telecommunications
                                                        average of 70% and the national average of 71%            Midlands average of 70% and the national                                                                                                                                                          Banking & insurance
                                                                                                                  average of 71%. Overall the proportion of young
                                                        GCSE attainment in the city is above the                  people achieving five or more A*- C grades                                                                                                                                                    Other business services
                                                        regional average in terms of the proportion               in 2006 was 66.8%, above the region average                                                                                                                                                   Public admin & defence
                                                        of those achieving 5 or more A*- C grades                 of 56.4% and the national average of 59.2%.                                                                                                                                                                   Education
                                                        (58.8% in Birmingham and 56.4% across the                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Health & social work
                                                        West Midlands). Attainment varies considerably
                                                        by area, attainment in nine wards in Birmingham                                                                                                                                                                                                          Miscellaneous services
                                                        falls below 40% achieving 5 or more GCSE grade                                                                                                                                                                                        Source: Working Futures II                       -20         -10        0        10        20         30         40          50         60    70
                                                        A*- C whilst others have achievement rates in
                                                        excess of 80%. 78% of schools leavers remained
                                                        in full time education in 2006.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Z-CARD® Ltd. PTN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      information to go here
                                                                                                                                   Work based learning average in learning by local LSC period 15                                                            Centres of Vocational Excellence (2006)                                                                                                                                                                                                               Year 11 School leaver destinations (November 2006)
                                                                          Levels of pay and levels of skills
                                                                                                                                                         Sector subject area                                     2003/04        2004/05        2005/06                                               Lead Provider                                                                Partners                                                                        Title of CoVE
                                                                           Wage levels in Solihull are above the regional                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Birmingham                          Solihull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Birmingham
                                                                           and nation average with average annual earnings                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hospitality & Catering                                                                                                                                                                       & Solihull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Birmingham College of Food, Tourism & Creative Studies
                                                                           of £28,529 compared to £22,047 across the                       Agriculture, horticulture & animal care                                   25           20              22                                                                                                                                                                                         Hairdressing, Beauty & Holistic Therapies
                                                                           West Midlands and £25,008 nationally. Wage                                                                                                                                                                          Bournville College                                                 Sutton Coldfield College, Solihull College                                       The Adult Care Training Partnership
                                                                                                                                                     Arts, media & publishing                                        20           26              19
                                                                           levels in Birmingham are below the regional                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Number               %             Number             %      Number            %
                                                                           and national average with average annual                              Business, administration & law                                    1,158         1,182           1,061                                   City College Birmingham                                                                                                                        Electrical Services (Construction & Engineering)
                                                                           earning at £21,596.
                                                                                                                                                     Construction, planning                                          305          241             224
                                                                                                                                                     & the built environment                                                                                                              Sutton Coldfield College                                             Bournville College, Matthew Boulton College                                 Centre for Business Excellence in Birmingham                                           Full time education                             10,820               78            2,508              81     13,328            78
                                                                           In terms of the proportion of working age
                                                                           population, 13% in Birmingham have no                                        Education & training                                          *            *               *                                                                                                                                                                                                   Print Media & Graphics
                                                                                                                                                        Engineering                                                                                                                      Matthew Boulton College
                                                                           qualifications, slightly above the regional average.                                                                                      438          483             518                                                                                                                                                                                           Vocational Medical & Health Sciences
                                                                                                                                                 & manufacturing technologies                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Full time training (non employed)                            352                 3             37                 1      389              2
                                                                           67% have a NVQ Level 2 or above, slightly
                                                                                                                                                  Health, public services & care                                     872          963             998                                            Solihull College                                                                                                                                         Regional Retail Academy
                                                                           below the regional average of 68% and national
                                                                           average of 71%. In Solihull, 7% of the working                              Information                                                   83           70              69                                    South Birmingham College                                                                                                                                               Childcare Training                                              Full time employment                                549                 4             208                7      757              4
                                                                           age population have no qualifications, below the                      & communication technology
                                                                           regional average (12%) and national average                               Leisure, travel & tourism                                       78           160             154
                                                                           (10%). Overall the population is well qualified, with                                                                                                                                                          Sutton Coldfield College                                                                                                                               Integrated Manufacturing Technology
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Not settled (active)                             1,040                7             232                8     1,272             7
                                                                           higher than average proportions educated to NVQ                         Preparation for life & work                                       12            *               *         Source: Learning and Skills Council (2007)
                                                                           levels 2 and above, 3 and above, and 4 and above.
                                                                                                                                                Retail & commercial enterprise                                     1,216         1,213           1,120
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   11-15 Pupil Cohorts within Birmingham and Solihull                                                                         Not settled (not active)                             113                 1             10                 0      123              1
                                                                           LSC PSA targets                                                                     Unknown                                                *            *               *         Birmingham and Solihull LSC Providers -                                                                                                                                           Age of Pupils as at 31st August 2005
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             FE Full Time Equivalents (FTEs) by age (2005/06)                                                                                               Area
                                                                           Increase the proportion of nineteen year olds                                    Not classified                                             *           49              21                                                                                                                                                                                 11                12                 13                  14             15
                                                                           who achieve at least level 2 by three percentage                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Other                                  1,069               8              95                3      1,164             7
                                                                                                                                                Birmingham and Solihull total                                      4,211         4,415           4,210                          Provider name                                    Aged 16-18               Aged 19+               Total                 Birmingham                13,390             13,390             13,960            13,940          13,340
                                                                           points between 2004 and 2006, and a further
                                                                           two percentage points between 2006 and 2008             Source: West Midlands LSC Performance Reports * data cannot be shown - less than 10.
                                                                                                                                   Note:Average in Learning: the average number of learners during a given period                                               Birmingham Adult Education Service                                       93                2,503                 2,596                    Solihull                3,380              3,370              3,390                3,460       3,410              Number of young people                               13,943               100           3,090              100    17,033        100
                                                                           Improve the basic skills of 2.25 million adults                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                West
                                                                                                                                   Proportion of young people reaching level 2 threshold                                                                            Birmingham Rathbone Society                                           *                 86                    86                                             69,620             69,830             73,140            74,190         72,430
                                                                           between 2001 and 2010, with interim targets                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Midlands                                                                                                  Source: Connexions Birmingham and Solihull 2006
                                                                           of 750,000 by 2004 and 1.5 million by 2007                                                                                                                          Percentage                   Bournville College                                                                                                            England               632,900            634,410           657,940            662,470         650,300
                                                                                                                                                                                 Aged 19 at the             Aged 19 at the   Aged 19 at the                                                                                           1,185                2,450                 3,635
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              point change                 of Further Education
                                                                           By 2010 reduce by at least 40% the number                         Local Authority                     end of 2003/04             end of 2004/05   end of 2005/06                                                                                                                                                        Source: DFES 2006                                                                                               GCSE/GNVQ Performance (2006)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2003/04              Cadbury Sixth Form College                                       1,350                 110                  1,460
                                                                           of adults in the workforce without a Level 2                                                                 %                          %                %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               to 2005/06                                                                                                                                          Gross annual earning (2006)                                                                                                                                                                             Achieving              Achieving
                                                                           or equivalent qualification                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Area                                                                                     Any passes %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           5+ A*-C %              5+ A*-G %
                                                                                                                                                Birmingham                                55                          59           62              7                    City College, Birmingham                                      1,774                5,290                 7,064                                        Area                                          Annual pay - 2006 (£)
                                                                           Increase the number of full framework                                   Solihull                               68                          71           73              4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Birmingham Edgbaston Constituency                                             67.2                      95.7            98.8
                                                                           completions by 75% by 2007/08. This means                                                                                                                                             Fircroft College of Adult Education                                      0                 76                    76                                    Birmingham                                                      21,596
                                                                           75,500 completing their framework in 2007/08.                      West Midlands                               64                          67           70              6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Joseph Chamberlain                                                                                                                              Solihull                                                    28,529
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1,074                 631                  1,705                                                                                                                                          Birmingham Erdington Constituency                                            42.9                      82.0            96.4
                                                                                                                                                   England                                66                          69           71              5                         Sixth Form College
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Midlands                                                     22,047
                                                                                                                                              East of England                             69                          71           73              4               Josiah Mason Sixth Form College                                    1,256                1,245                 2,500
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Birmingham Hall Green Constituency                                            51.6                      87.7            96.6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Matthew Boulton College                                                                                                                             England                                                      25,008
                                                                                                                                               East Midlands                              63                          67           69              6                                                                                  1,200                2,307                 3,507
GCE/VCE A/AS1 and key skills QCA point scores of 16-18 year old candidates 2005/06                                                                                                                                                                                 of Further and Higher Education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              East                                                      26,026                                 Birmingham Hodge Hill Constituency                                            47.6                      80.6            97.1
                                                    Average QCA point score by students achieving all Level 3 qualifications:                 Greater London                               65                          68           71              7                            Solihull College                                      2,191                3,383                 5,574
                                                             Per candidate                             Per entry                                 North East                               64                          67           69              5                                                                                                                                                                   East Midlands                                                    22,155
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       South Birmingham College                                       1,797                4,991                 6,788                                                                                                                                         Birmingham Ladywood Constituency                                              70.5                      97.3            99.8
           Local authority                           Males       Females        Total        Males      Females        Total                    North West                                64                          67           70              6                                                                                                                                                                        London                                                      34,980
             Birmingham                              693.7        747.7         724.02       193.2       202.6         198.5                                                                                                                                             Sutton Coldfield College                                      3,680                2,473                 6,153                                                                                                                                         Birmingham Northfield Constituency                                             52.3                      90.0            97.9
                                                                                                                                                 South East                               72                          74           75              4                                                                                                                                                                     North East                                                     20,068
                Solihull                             614.9        683.6         649.2        191.2       205.1         198.3                                                                                                                                              The Sixth Form College                                      2,493                  *                   2,493
                                                                                                                                                South West                                70                          73           75              4                                                                                                                                                                     North West                                                     22,147
           West Midlands                             684.3        729.5         709.1        191.9       202.1         197.5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Birmingham Perry Barr Constituency                                            48.8                      91.3            96.9
                                                                                                                                      Yorkshire and Humberside                            64                          66           68              4                 Birmingham and Solihull Total                                   18,094                25,554               43,648                                   South East                                                     27,412
          England Average                            724.7        758.9         743.2        201.5       209.7         206.0
Source: DFES 2006
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Birmingham Selly Oak Constituency                                            71.4                      90.4            98.3
                                                                                                                                   Source: FFT matched administrative dataset 2005/06                                                                        Source: West Midlands LSC Performance Reports ~ Josiah Mason Sixth form College merged with Sutton Coldfield College 1/8/06                                  South West                                                     22,237
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             * data cannot be shown - less than 10

                                                                                                                                   Proportion of young people reaching level 3 threshold                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Yorkshire and The Humber                                                   21,458                                         Birmingham Sparkbrook                                                 52.3                      90.3            97.0
Higher education entrants (18-20 year old) - 2005/06                                                                                                                                                                                                         Work based learning success rates 2003/04 to 2005/06                                                                                                                                                                                                                   and Small Heath Constituency
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Percentage                                                                                                                                          Source: Annual survey of hours and earnings (ONS, 2007)
                                                                                                                                                                                Aged 19 at the              Aged 19 at the   Aged 19 at the
                                               Full time entrants                                Part time entrants                                                                                                                           point change      Programme type                                 Measure                          2003/04          2004/05         2005/06                                                                                                                                          Birmingham Yardley Constituency                                            41.4                      80.0            94.9
           Area                                                                                                                              Local authority                    end of 2003/04              end of 2004/05   end of 2005/06                                                                                                                                                       Economically Active Qualification Levels (2005)
                                 1999/2000             2005/06       Difference         1999/2000     2005/06         Difference                                                                                                                2003/04
                                                                                                                                                                                       %                           %                %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               to 2005/06                                                                                                                                                                                   Level        Level         Level        Level               No
      Birmingham                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Leavers                         805                752            883
                                    4,810               5,985          1,175              310           205             -105                   Birmingham                                35                          37           39               4                                                                                                                                                              Area                        4+           3+            2+           1+           qualifications                    Sutton Coldfield Constituency                                             77.5                      97.3            99.5
       & Solihull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Advanced                                                                                                                                                                 (%)          (%)           (%)          (%)                (%)
                                                                                                                                                   Solihull                              42                          47           48               6                                                   S4A Success Rate %                         43                42              58
      Birmingham                    3,860               4,800             940             270           165             -105                                                                                                                                      Apprenticeship
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Birmingham LA                                                 58.8                      90.2            97.8
                                                                                                                                             West Midlands                               39                          43           44               5                                                   FWK Success Rate %                         30                35              50                      Birmingham
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              29            47           69           89                11
          Solihull                   950                1,185             235              40            40               0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and Solihull
                                                                                                                                                  England                                42                          46           47               5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Meriden Constituency                                              56.7                      89.5            97.4
       Coventry                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Leavers                         2,015             2,530          2,618
                                    3,310               3,955             645             110            80              -45                 East of England                             46                          48           49               3
    & Warwickshire                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Birmingham                        28            45           67           88                13
                                                                                                                                              East Midlands                              39                          43           44               5              Apprenticeship                       S4A Success Rate %                         41                48              55                                                                                                                                                     Solihull Constituency                                             77.3                      95.8            98.6
       Shropshire                   1,925               1,990              65              40            60              20
                                                                                                                                             Greater London                              43                          46           49               5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       FWK Success Rate %                         33                39              51                          Solihull                      34            56           77           93                7
      Staffordshire                 4,115               4,540             425             180           150              -30                    North East                               36                          39           40               4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Solihull LA                                               66.8                      92.6            98.0
                                                                                                                                                North West                               39                          42           43               4                                                             Leavers                         701                246            134
  The Black Country                 3,730               4,495             765             180           145              -35                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Midlands                       26           45            68           88                12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           West Midlands Region                                              56.4                      90.5            97.4
                                                                                                                                                South East                               49                          53           54               5                  NVQ only                         S4A Success Rate %                         51                62              81
        West
                                   21,015              24,540          3,525              910           710             -200
   Midlands Region                                                                                                                              South West                               45                          49           50               5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               England                        30           49            71           90                10                                           England                                                 59.2                      90.5            97.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       NVQ Success Rate %                         51                62              81
         England                  198,970              235,160         36,190            6,345         7,085            740           Yorkshire and Humberside                           38                          41           42               4
                                                                                                                                   Source: FFT matched Administrative Dataset 2005/06                                                                        Source: West Midlands LSC Performance Reports                                                                                        Source: ONS, Annual Population Survey 2005                                                                       Source: DFES 2006
Source: DfES (2007) Note: Based on home residence                                                                                                                                                                                                            Note: S4A Success Rate: Success for All rate, those achieving a NVQ or framework                                                                                                                                                                      Note: Birmingham Constituencies have changed since publication of the above data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Note: Economically active population: People who are either in employment or unemployed.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             FWK -Success Rate: Framework Success Rate, those achieving a framework