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PAN EUROPEAN STRUCTURE Education International Internationale de l'Education EI Pan European Equality Standing Committee Internacional de la Educación Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007 5, Bd du Roi Albert II, 8th 1210 Brussels, Belgium Tel +32 2 224 06 11 MINUTES Fax +32 2 224 06 06 firstname.lastname@example.org MONDAY 23 APRIL 2007 http://www.ei-ie.org Chairperson: Veronica Rankin (EIS), Chair of the Pan European Equality Committee EUROPEAN REGION President 1. Opening and introduction Président Veronica Rankin, Chairperson of the EI Pan European Equality Committee, welcomed the Ronnie Smith over fifty participants to the Committee. She presented the apologies of Ronnie Smith, Vice-Presidents President of the EI Pan European Structure, Odile Cordelier, Vice-President of the EI Pan Vice-Présidents European Structure, of Ana Gaspar from FENPROF and of Jan Eastman, EI Deputy General Paul Bennett Secretary, who were unable to be present in Krakow. Veronica Rankin thanked ZNP for the Odile Cordelier Kounka Damianova remarkable visit to the concentration camps of Auschwitz and Birkenau on 22 April, prior to the Jörgen Lindholm meeting. She emphasised the importance of visiting the concentration camp as a necessary Ulrich Thöne memory exercise. The visit to Auschwitz shows the important of valuable tools such as the European Human Rights Convention. Chief Regional Coordinator Coordinateur régional principal Jorgen Lindholm, Vice-President of the EI Pan European Structure, brought the greetings of Charlie Lennon the President of the EI Pan European Structure, Ronnie Smith. Jorgen Lindholm indicated that the presence in Krakow of two Vice Presidents of the Pan European Regional Committee (himself and Kounka Damianova) stresses the importance given to the work of the Equality Committee. “You have an important responsibility to express the needs and aspirations of European teachers,” said Jorgen Lindholm, adding that the two Vice Presidents will convey the recommendations and reflections of the Equality Committee to the European Bureau and Pan- European Regional Committee. Jaroslaw Czarnowski, Vice President of the Polish teacher union ZNP, welcomed the participants in Krakow. He talked about the difficult context in which teacher union operate in Poland, confronted with a conservative government fostering discrimination. He informed participants about the March of Equality organised on Sunday 22 April in Krakow, to promote among other things non discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. The march was 5, Bd du Roi Albert II, 9th confronted with a counter rally organized by the Pan Polish Youth. Highlighting the visit to 1210 Brussels, Belgium Auschwitz, and the role of education, Jaroslaw Czarnowski also highlighted the participation of Tel +32 2 224 06 91/92 Fax +32 2 224 06 94 teachers in the annual March of the Living, organized on 11 April. email@example.com http://www.csee-etuce.org Charlie Lennon, Chief Administrative Coordinator of EI, addressed the meeting in his capacity of EI European Coordinator. He explained how much Jan Eastman, EI DGS regretted to be absent. Charlie Lennon outlined the various structures in the constitution General Secretary of the Pan European structure and explained that a discussion, scheduled later in the Secrétaire Général meeting, to clarify the role and composition of the Pan European Equality Standing Martin Rømer Committee would be useful. He stressed the need to have a very effective and committed Committee because the issues on the agenda of the Equality Committee are numerous Treasurer and all deserve full attention. The Equality Standing Committee‟s responsibility is to Trésorier Walter Dresscher promote equality and non discrimination policies for teachers throughout Europe. The Chairperson thanked the speakers for their presence and addresses. 2. Adoption of the Agenda The agenda presented by the Chairperson was ADOPTED unanimously. Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007 2/9 3. Review of the recommendations and/or minutes of the last meetings The report of the previous meeting of EI Pan European Equality Committee, on 20-21 April 2006 were presented by the Chairperson. VR recalled that the new name of the Committee “EI Pan European Equality Committee” had been adopted at that meeting and that she had been elected Chairperson. Recalling the action undertaken by the Committee in the context of the World Football Cup organized in Germany, the Chairperson encouraged the Committee to endorse a similar campaign for the Eurocup to be co-organised by Poland and Ukraine in 2012 and to combat racism and child labour in the sports industry (Red Card on Racism campaign). The report was ENDORSED unanimously. The minutes of the September 2006 EI Roundtable of Women Education Workers held in Budapest, were presented by the Chairperson. She highlighted that the main topics addressed in Budapest were on the agenda of this Committee meeting for follow up: impact of pension reforms on women and violence against women. [Please note that the Budapest recommendations were unanimously endorsed by the Europe Regional Committee which met on 30-31 October 2006 > see item 2.4 of the Committee minutes] . The report was ENDORSED unanimously. The minutes of the October 2006 EI Pan European Committee were presented by Jorgen Lindholm. That Committee prepared the Luxemburg European Conference which adopted a joint European programme which avoids duplication and overlap. The minutes of the Pan European Women Caucus, held on 4 December 2006 prior to the European Regional Conference in Luxemburg, were presented by the Pan European Vice President Kounka Damianova. She said that the discussion in working groups was instrumental in identifying the core issues to be addressed by the Equality Committee: Pension reforms and the impact on gender equality and Gender equality in education unions as the two main themes for action. The groups also identified Violence against Women and Gender dimensions of migration as themes to monitor. The Women‟s Caucus strongly recommended that such a caucus take place prior to every Regional Conference and be a full or at least a half day in duration, open to all members, and held in an appropriate venue. The report was ENDORSED unanimously. The minutes of the Working Group of the Pan European Equality Committee, which met in Brussels on 9 January 2007 were presented by the Chairperson. The working group prepared for this Committee and determined an agenda with the EI Secretariat, following up on issues addressed at the Equality Round Table. The report was ENDORSED unanimously. The minutes of the EI Status of Women Committee, which met in Berlin on 28 March 2007 prior to the EI World Executive Board. were presented by Charlie Lennon, Chief Regional Coordinator of EI. The discussion focused on the follow up of the EI participation in the UN Commission on the Status of Women held in March 2007 (a full report of the CSW2007 was distributed to all participants). He also introduced the discussion on a toolkit for teachers on Gender Safe Schools in the framework of EI EFAIDS program and partner Education Development Centre (EDC), as well as the “Equality” resolutions to be presented at the World Congress and the planned Women Caucus, to be developed later under item 12. 4. Pension Reforms and Gender Equality EI Coordinator Dominique Marlet introduced the background paper presenting recommendations to follow up the work of the Committee dealing with the impact of pension reforms on women. A discussion followed with interventions and questions from VBE Germany, ZNP Poland, SNES France and SSTA & EIS Scotland. Kalina and Ann presented the current discussion on pension reform in their country. Gitta welcomed an in- depth discussion via the electronic network; Maryvonne questioned the delay in implementing the Budapest recommendations. DM answered that to respect the democratic decision making process in the context of a Congress year it was impossible to speed up the process. The Chairperson asked for a vote on the following recommendations: One discussion of the Electronic PEWN will focus on pension reforms The EI secretariat will prepare with the members of the Working Group a questionnaire to be sent out to member organisations in November 2007. The questionnaire will focus on the impact of pension reforms on female teachers in a context of changing public services and pay equity. It will focus on identifying common problems where a joint European trade union approach is required. Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007 3/9 The deadline for responses will be January 31, 2008 The next meeting of the Pan European Equality Committee will adopt an action strategy at national and European levels to be implemented by member organisations and EI Europe. The recommendations were ENDORSED unanimously. 5. Keynote Presentation: European Year of Equal Opportunities For All Speaker: Brigitte Degen, EU DG Employment, Social Affairs & Equal opportunities, Anti-discrimination Unit The speaker first introduced the DG Employment structure to show how this Year of Equal Opportunities for All fitted in the overall Commission anti discrimination package. The Year is aimed to make Europeans more aware of their rights and of the obligations of Member States. The principles of the Year are 1. Decentralisation; 2. Balanced treatment of all discriminations; 3. Gender Mainstreaming and 4. Involvement of civil society. In Poland for example, the National implementation body coordinated by the Ministry of Social Affairs involves 42 associations. In Ireland, the teacher unions were invited on board by the Equality Minister. The “European Year of Equal Opportunities For All” website provides online presentation of the various national framewors and contacts for the national coordinators who should be contacted if teacher unions have not yet been involved. http://equality2007.europa.eu Brigitte Degen also highlighted the Focus on Schools as a key to promoting tolerance. After the keynote presentation, the Chairperson opened the general discussion by inviting the participants to report if they had been involved in the national implementation committee of the Year of Equal Opportunities. ASTI Ireland, NSZZ Solidarnosc Education Poland, FE.CC.OO Spain, ZNP Poland, OLTEK Cyprus and UCU UK outlined the programme of their ministry and/or unions about sexual orientation in the school environment and/or accessibility of schools to differently-abled. In some countries, like Cyprus and Poland, the union (NSZZ Solidarnosc) refuses surveys questioning teachers about their sexual orientation. SNEP-FSU France insisted on the need to keep mixed physical training lessons to promote an integrated approach to all sports. STES Spain also deplored the trend to segregate girls and boys in separate classes. SNES France insisted on the need to accompany legislation with the necessary training of teachers to address the issue of sexual orientation in an appropriate and inclusive manner. KTOS Cyprus deplored the fact that EU data does not include the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus. Brigitte Degen concluded by highlighting the data on sexual orientation in the EuroBarometer and indicated that LGBT rights are still taboo in a number of countries like Portugal, Greece, Cyprus, but also Latvia and Slovenia and that it was not fair to scapegoat Poland. She also indicated that focus on training will be taken up in the next EU proposals. The chairperson thanked the keynote speaker for her excellent intervention and welcomed the fruitful contribution from Committee members. The meeting adjourned for lunch. 6. Working Group Session on Gender Equality in the Unions The chair invited the participants to take note of the guidelines and of the questions to be addressed in the three working groups (see item 10): English: Moderator Monica Konczyk, NSZZ Solidarnosc Poland, Rapporteur: Maire Mulcahy, ASTI Ireland French: Moderator: Kounka Damianova; Rapporteur: Maryvonne Guigonnet, SNES France Multilingual: Moderator Kalina Grzelak, ZNP Poland, Rapporteur: Ann Ballinger, SSTA Scotland Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007 4/9 7. Relationship ETUCE/EU DG Employment The Chairperson invited Annemarie Falktoft from the ETUCE to provide an insight about the structure of the social dialogue with the European Union. AF explained that under the EC Treaty‟s provisions on social dialogue, consultation of the European trade unions and employers‟ federations is obligatory in preparing legislation related to employment and social affairs. As an Industry Federation for Education under the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), ETUCE thus takes part in these formal consultation processes. The Pan European Vice President Kounka Damianova has been mandated to represent the teacher unions‟ view in the ETUC Women Committee. AF also indicated the opportunities for autonomous dialogue between the European social partners with the purpose of concluding Framework Agreements. One such agreement was signed to tackle gender equality, including the gender pay gap. These agreements are important because they raise awareness on issues and compel social partners in the Member States to report about the progress achieved in these matters 8. EI Pan European Women's Network Christina Drews from the EI Human Rights and Equality Unit reminded the participants of the history, conditions and launch of the electronic Pan European Women Network (PEWN) on 8 March 2007. The Chairperson invited the Committee members to a show of hands to see who was on the PEWN and to assess the network. Only a dozen Committee members are aware of and registered on the network. Therefore, all were invited to send their contact to the PEWN technical coordinator Harold Tor. Those who regularly participate welcomed the set up of the network. Gitta Franke Zoellmer from VBE Germany and Britta Sjostrom from Lararforbundet Sweden suggested to focus the discussion on topic and with a clear limit in time. Maire Mulcahy, ASTI Ireland, invited all contributors to share the reports of their national Women Committee on the network. Eva Tiquet COV Belgium advised that the network be web-based and not as an email list. Christopher Nicholas from UCU UK suggested to have more networks issue-focused on differently-abled, LGBT, etc. All ideas were recorded and the Chairperson concluded by inviting all Committee members to sign up to the network and to make useful contributions. In future, topical discussion will be scheduled with a deadline for contributions. The Chairperson closed the session for the day by thanking all the speakers and the contributors of the day. She also thanked the moderators and rapporteurs of the working groups and announced that the reports of the working groups would be presented the next day. The Chairperson provided practical information about the Dinner offered by EI. TUESDAY 24 APRIL 2007 9:00am – 4:00pm The morning session of the Equality Committee was chaired by the Pan European Vice President Kounka Damianova. All participants were given a souvenir of Krakow by the ZNP delegation and a joint invitation to the Euro Football Cup to be held jointly by Poland and Ukraine in 2012 was extended to all Committee members. The participant from Israel, Ms. Aliza Ben-Yshy from ITU, marked the 59th anniversary of the independence of Israel on 24 April with a table set with the statement from the bible “May the peace be in your house and your life”. Aliza also distributed cutout paper doves in sign of peace. She expressed her emotions after the visit to the Auschwitz and Birkenau concentration camps and stated that the camps are also a “victory of life”. 9. Joint Programme EI/ETUCE 2007-2009 Annemarie Falktoft from the ETUCE presented the ETUCE Programme adopted at the December 2006 Pan European Conference. The objective is to influence the new Social Agenda 2005-2010 which is a framework put forward by the Commission to implement the social dimension of the Lisbon Strategy. This agenda highlights the role of the social partners and takes a close look at the role of labour laws both in terms of the role of the Member States and of the Commission. The Social Agenda is organised under two main headings: Employment and Equal opportunities and Inclusion. A Roadmap for gender equality 2006-2010 sets out 6 priorities for how the Commission will implement the principle of gender equality, one of these priorities is combating violence against Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007 5/9 women, and in this context the Commission has committed itself to develop a new statistical system for comparing at EU level statistics on violence against women in the member states. The social partners (ETUC and employers) have recently adopted an Agreement on Harassment and Violence at the workplace. Unfortunately, the social partners were not able to reach consensus on a clear reference to violence from third party (pupils and parents in the case of education workers). This agreement has the advantage of bringing the issue of Violence at the workplace to the agenda of the institutionalised Social Dialogue. ETUCE is currently seeking EU funding for a project aimed at supporting member organisations in implementing the agreement and in further developing the aspect of 3 rd party violence when concluding agreements at national level. The ETUCE is moreover seeking to apply for EU funding for 2 projects on equality: one on the non discrimination of Roma children to continue the previous project on this issue and the other one on fighting gender stereotypes through education in the context of the social partners‟ framework agreement on gender equality. The EU Directive on implementing the principle of equal treatment of women and men in access to employment was adopted in 2006, and has to be implemented by Member States by August 2008. It is mainly a Directive which simplifies the previous EU directives on this issue Charlie Lennon clarified the history and evolution of the Pan European structures. He indicated that the coordinated programme adopted December 2006 by the Pan European Conference provides a more effective and cooperative framework for ETUCE and EI Europe. A coordinated working group still needs to be set up but increased synergy is already noticeable. Dominique Marlet from EI introduced the activity report or EI in the fields of equality and non discrimination work. EI being an international organisation she explained that is was very difficult to draw a line between international and European work. The EI work dealing with pay equity, LGBT, Indigenous peoples, child labour and migration is international and not restricted to the 44 countries of the Pan European region. She also insisted on the effort of EI to mainstream gender issues throughout the policies and activities of EI (gender impact of projects, gender balance of speakers and participants in conferences, gender neutral language, etc. (a background paper is available). 10. EI Pan European Equality Structures The chairperson invited Charlie Lennon to introduce the paper proposing new Pan European equality structures. CL reminded the audience of the creation and evolution of the Pan European structures and standing committees. CL praised the good work and enthusiasm of the Equality Committee members but noted that the Equality structures lacked clarity in terms of composition, functioning, representation and accountability. This lack of clarity had prevented the equality structures from being as effective and efficient as they had the potential to be. He invited the Committee members to study the proposal presented to them by the EI secretariat and to make recommendations to the Regional Committee. He indicated that the current document was certainly not a final document as some proposals, such as the suggested regional division, would not be workable. The Chairperson opened the general discussion. A number of participants welcomed the discussion about new structures but disagreed with the method and suggested proposal. Various interventions (SNES France, FE.CC.OO Spain, EIS Scotland, UNSA France, SSTA Scotland, IFUT Ireland, Lararforbundet Sweden) expressed concern about the procedure regretting that the document had been presented to the Regional Committee without prior consultation. The top down process was criticised. Disagreement was expressed about the assessment of the work of the Equality Committee after many years of existence. Some members felt that the Equality Committee was a forum and not a decision making body and its success could not be assessed in terms of efficient decisions. Members also insisted that the participants to the Equality Committee are always mandated by their organisation and are reporting to their organisation, thereby dismissing the assessment of lack of representation and accountability. Disagreement was expressed about the proposal to reduce the number of Committee members. VBE Germany, NSZZ Solidarnosc Poland, UNSA Education France, NASUWT UK said that a reduced number of participants to the Equality Committee would narrow down the expertise in the various issues dealt with and Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007 6/9 would loose the benefit of the representation and diversity which are currently enriching the debate. Many Committee members (SSTA Scotland, Lararforbundet Sweden, ZNP Poland, EIS Scotland, SEB Bulgaria, ASTI Ireland) suggested that a new structure be discussed either through the electronic network (PEWN), the Working Group or through an elected group. The Chairperson asked a vote on the following recommendations: Ask the Working Group to consider the submitted proposals and all suggestions expressed by the Committee members; Launch a one-week discussion on this topic via the electronic network Submit a proposal to the European Bureau and EI management The recommendations were ENDORSED. 11. Reports of the Working Groups on Gender Equality in the Unions The chairperson invited the rapporteurs of the working groups to present the answers and recommendations to the following questions: 1. What are the areas covered by your union policy under the theme Gender Equality in the Union? 2. What are the persistent obstacles to gender equality in your union/country? What strategies have been implemented by your union? What are the breakthroughs (successful initiatives)? 3. Define specific and practical recommendations (and timeframe) for a European strategy to be adopted by this Committee to promote Gender Equality in the unions 4. (if time allows) highlight your union policy on non-discrimination. Multilingual: Rapporteur: Ann Ballinger, SSTA Scotland 1. Very diverse situation among member organisations. Most countries have equality legislation. 2. Traditional attitude/unfair repartition of family responsibility/Equality jargon can be barriers 3. Recommendations: - Training in equality policies for all, training in assertiveness for women and disadvantaged groups - Positive action to promote women and disadvantaged groups in decision-making structures - Education English: Rapporteur: Maire Mulcahy, ASTI Ireland 1. Need to rectify the disparity: only 30% of women in decision making structures while they represent between 60 and 80% of members in teacher unions Concern about the feminisation of the profession > to be made attractive to men Lack of pension equity 2. Expectations that women will be the primary care taker of the family Lack of parental leave in leadership positions Old boys‟ network Strategies: Research to identify why women do not apply for leadership position (principals) Support for parental leave Claims under anti-discrimination policies Mentoring programmes within unions and capacity building at local level Annual audit followed by action Quotas (mixed views on reserved seats) 3. Recommendations: - Annual equality audits for member organisations - Time off for discussion about equality issues (like Health/Safety Cttees) - Leadership training for women - Quotas 4. LGBT, Racism, Marital Status French: Rapporteur: Maryvonne Guigonnet, SNES France Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007 7/9 Pension Reforms: Reforms tend to get away with the compensation of inequity in career models of men and women. EI and member organisations need to highlight alternative pension models. TU activism: increased presence of women in leadership positions through specific training of women and youth; better planning of meetings (not evening), improved working time; reviewed TU structure; alternate speaking time. Violence against women: increase violence between pupils and against young teachers. TU need to take into account the difficult working conditions of young teachers who are dispatched to difficult areas. Discrimination: unions need to take into account economic discrimination of pupils and teachers. Wage discrimination, mobility discrimination (lack of money does not allow pupils to choose school because cannot afford to pay transport cost) Brainstorming needed about system to reward professional career. The Chairperson thanked the rapporteurs for the reports and highlighted the importance of research, the need to transform trade union organisations, and the importance of pre- and in-service training for teachers. 12. EI World Congress The chairperson invited Charlie Lennon to make a general presentation about the fifth EI World Congress to be held in Berlin, Germany, on 22-26 July 2007. The powerpoint presentation addressed various isues: hotel and convention centre, EI websection devoted to the congress, agenda of the congress and of the pre-congress events, break-out sessions, resolutions and deadlines for amendments, registration of delegates and online passwords, awards. He also indicated that hotel arrangements will be confirmed to delegates by mid-May. Gitta from VBE Germany welcomed the future delegates on behalf of the German teacher unions and explained that multilingual staff would be provided by the German affiliates to help delegates. Christina Drews from the EI HRE unit presented the agenda of the women caucus and invited participants to register for the caucus. The caucus is a special assembly for women union representatives held every three years. A full day session on July 21 will provide an opportunity for information, exchange and interaction. A draft agenda was shown to the committee. EI was successful in inviting Ms. Carolyn Hannan as a key note speaker. Ms Hannan is the Director of the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW). Her department is responsible for promoting, supporting and monitoring the implementation of international agreements on gender equality and empowerment of women. This pre-congress event gives EI a chance to present the Triennial Reports and all activities which have been done during the last three years, but also to listen to women coming from the whole world about their priorities, views and problems. Female candidates for the Executive Board will have the possibility to present themselves, their commitments and future strategies. The afternoon session is foreseen for working groups to discuss various priority topics. The agenda will be posted soon on the EI congress web site. The chairperson thanked the presenters and adjourned the meeting for lunch. 13. Plenary Discussion: Role of teacher unions in the context of violence against women in the home, in the workplace and in society The afternoon session of the Equality Committee was chaired by the Chairperson of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Veronica Rankin. The Chairperson introduced the four speakers who had prepared an intervention on behalf of their union on the topic of violence in schools and violence against women. Violence in Schools in Serbia Presentation by Ms Marina Milenkovic, from the Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, speaking on behalf of the Teacher Union of Serbia (TUS) School violence has increased dramatically since early 1990s and reflects the violence in society and the crisis in the value system. Teenagers are often physically hyperactive and have not learned acceptable social behaviours. UNICEF and Ministry of Education started a programme in 70 schools “Schools without violence”. 28% of pupils have been involved in violence at school. 65% have been victim of violence in schools within the last three Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007 8/9 months (verbal, emotional, physical violence). Teachers report to have been threatened by principals, colleagues, pupils and parents. The teacher union is considering ways to deal with the problem of violence in schools. Violence against Women in Spain Presentation by Ms Alicia Poza Sebastian and Begoña Suarez on behalf of the teacher union STEs of Spain Since 2005, Spain has a law prohibiting violence against women (VaW) and the union has launched a large awareness campaign about VaW at home and at work and about the legislation and the responsibility of the State to implement it. STEs insists very much on change of attitude (no more macho attitudes and peaceful conflict resolution approach) and on training in school about gender equality. STEs is part of many civil society platform to trigger a change of attitude to combat VaW. National action day on 25 November. Generally speaking, the speakers also stressed the need to take into account the gender dimension of all violence related issues (at school, against pupils, against teachers, etc.) Survey on violence in Schools in Republic of Cyprus Presentation by Mr Georgiou Constandinos on behalf of OLTEK Cyprus In the schoolyear 2005-2006, the Ministry of Education conducted a survey with the aim of finding methods to prevent violence and to make a comparison with the data of other European countries. 102 schools responded to the survey: 60 Gymnasiums (Schools of Lower Secondary Education), 32 Lyceums (Schools of Higher Secondary Education) and 10 Technical Schools (Schools of Higher Secondary Education). The highest average number of violent events appears in Technical Schools (55), while the lowest average number appears in Lyceums (27). The forms of violence range from verbal violence (1517) and physical violence (662) to intruders (324), damage of school premises (127), theft (68), sexual abuse (59), fire or attempts (53), drugs (5) to suicide (1). 12,64% of the cases reported are considered to be very serious. Only 88 cases, less than 3% of the total events were reported to the police, while 84% were reported to the deputy headmaster. Following the study, it was suggested that programs dealing with school failure prevention, learning disabilities, school leaving and drop out should be reinforced. As well as programs for the improvement of the psychological and social environment of school; change in the curriculum in order to spend more time for the improvement of children‟s personal, social and communication skills; set up of “Health and Social Training Committee”; and the training of the teachers in how to prevent and manage (cope with) violence. It was also advised to set up smaller school units with fewer pupils. Violence in Schools: the Role of Teacher Unions Presentation by Ms Monika Konczyk, from NSZZ Solidarnosc Education Poland The Polish teacher union has been working on violence against teachers since 1995, collecting data, releasing resource books, raising awareness through conferences and workshops and running specialised courses and programmes at schools. In 2007, the Government adopted the „Zero tolerance towards violence at school‟ programme. In a study carried out in 1996-99, 98,2% of pupils felt victim of violence, 91% students were victims of emotional violence and 80% did not like school at all. Occurrence of violence among the pupils aged 8-9 years is mostly teasing, threatening and scoffing. At the Gymnasium level, teachers said 85% of the violence they experienced was emotional (vs physical violence). At age 8, pupils start being afraid of one another. In 2001, the union appealed to the Polish parliament, government, local authorities, managers, parents, universities, municipal organs, media, politicians, Church & non-governmental institutions, and other unions to deal with violence at school. The causes for violent behaviour at school seem to be Alcoholism in family, Unemployment, Poverty, Media, Computer‟s games, Youth magazines, Drug addiction, Aggression at family level and Low self- esteem. 60% of teachers feel as victims. 71% consider school managers as aggressors. Among the forms of bullying: 84% of teachers mention mental violence (insults, abuse, slanders, harassment); 42% economical exploitation and 7% sexual violence. The violence results in depression, low self-assessment, the sense of threat, health problems and insomnia for teachers. Unions must be spokesperson and must engage in social dialogue to improve the school atmosphere. Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007 9/9 The Chairperson thanked the five speakers for their excellent contribution to the debate and praised them for making their presentation in a foreign language. The Chairperson stressed the need for the more research to provide evidence-based assessment and make recommendations. The Chairperson also reminded the audience of the recommendations adopted at the Pan European Equality Round Table in Budapest about Violence against Women: 1. That the Pan European Regional Committee mandate the Equality Committee to undertake a comparative study of workplace bullying, harassment and violence; existing legislative provisions on health and safety and equality in the workplace; collective agreement provisions; with a view to developing a 5 year program of work, including an action plan for education unions. 2. That the Equality Committee develop a working definition and compile a dossier of all forms of violence against women, including in the home (domestic), in the workplace and in society, and what supports within the union are or should be available. 3. That the issue of violence against women be pursued by the Equality Committee, and that the Pan European Network be used as a vehicle for discussion and definition of the agenda. 4. That EI encourage Members to systematically collect data on violence against women in the workplace, and that EI periodically publish such data. 5. That EI include in its human and trade union rights work violence against women in the form of human trafficking and sexual exploitation. 14. Motion of support with the Polish teachers A motion was presented by Kalina Grzelak from ZNP Poland, and seconded by Kounka Damianova, from SEB Bulgaria. The motion was supported unanimously. Motion of support for Polish teachers In the context of the 2007 European Year of Equal Opportunities, the Pan European Equality Standing Committee meeting in Krakow, Poland, on 23-24 April 2007, expresses support for the effort of Polish teacher unions to advocate for tolerance and non discrimination in the education system and in society. The Pan European Equality Standing Committee supports the fight of Polish teacher unions to guarantee the respect of human rights and to improve the working conditions and professional development of teachers. 15. Planning of the next meeting The Chairperson announced that 2007 being a Congress year for EI there will be no Equality Round Table in the autumn, and it is premature to schedule a date for the 2008 Pan European Equality Standing Committee as the there is no European agenda yet for 2008. The Chairperson said that the secretariat would come up with alternative dates, making sure that the Equality Committee met prior to the Pan European Regional Committee. 16. Closing The chairperson, Veronica Rankin, thanked all participants for attending the meeting. She thanked the speakers, the moderators and the rapporteurs. She thanked the host organisation ZNP and the Polish teacher unions. She thanked the interpreters and the hotel staff. She thanked EI secretariat for their efforts and hard work. The meeting was adjourned on Tuesday 24 April at 15.40. Minutes: Dominique Marlet/EI Secretariat/30 April 2007
"TO ALL MEMBER ORGANISATIONS IN EUROPE"