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									                                                        PAN EUROPEAN STRUCTURE
Education International
Internationale de l'Education                  EI Pan European Equality Standing Committee
Internacional de la Educación                        Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007
5, Bd du Roi Albert II, 8th
1210 Brussels, Belgium
Tel +32 2 224 06 11
Fax +32 2 224 06 06              MONDAY 23 APRIL 2007

                                  Chairperson: Veronica Rankin (EIS), Chair of the Pan European Equality Committee

President                             1. Opening and introduction
Président                         Veronica Rankin, Chairperson of the EI Pan European Equality Committee, welcomed the
Ronnie Smith
                                  over fifty participants to the Committee. She presented the apologies of Ronnie Smith,
Vice-Presidents                   President of the EI Pan European Structure, Odile Cordelier, Vice-President of the EI Pan
Vice-Présidents                   European Structure, of Ana Gaspar from FENPROF and of Jan Eastman, EI Deputy General
Paul Bennett                      Secretary, who were unable to be present in Krakow. Veronica Rankin thanked ZNP for the
Odile Cordelier
Kounka Damianova                  remarkable visit to the concentration camps of Auschwitz and Birkenau on 22 April, prior to the
Jörgen Lindholm                   meeting. She emphasised the importance of visiting the concentration camp as a necessary
Ulrich Thöne                      memory exercise. The visit to Auschwitz shows the important of valuable tools such as the
                                  European Human Rights Convention.
Chief Regional Coordinator
Coordinateur régional principal   Jorgen Lindholm, Vice-President of the EI Pan European Structure, brought the greetings of
Charlie Lennon
                                  the President of the EI Pan European Structure, Ronnie Smith. Jorgen Lindholm indicated that
                                  the presence in Krakow of two Vice Presidents of the Pan European Regional Committee
                                  (himself and Kounka Damianova) stresses the importance given to the work of the Equality
                                  Committee. “You have an important responsibility to express the needs and aspirations of
                                  European teachers,” said Jorgen Lindholm, adding that the two Vice Presidents will convey the
                                  recommendations and reflections of the Equality Committee to the European Bureau and Pan-
                                  European Regional Committee.

                                  Jaroslaw Czarnowski, Vice President of the Polish teacher union ZNP, welcomed the
                                  participants in Krakow. He talked about the difficult context in which teacher union operate in
                                  Poland, confronted with a conservative government fostering discrimination. He informed
                                  participants about the March of Equality organised on Sunday 22 April in Krakow, to promote
                                  among other things non discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. The march was
5, Bd du Roi Albert II, 9th       confronted with a counter rally organized by the Pan Polish Youth. Highlighting the visit to
1210 Brussels, Belgium            Auschwitz, and the role of education, Jaroslaw Czarnowski also highlighted the participation of
Tel +32 2 224 06 91/92
Fax +32 2 224 06 94
                                  teachers in the annual March of the Living, organized on 11 April.         Charlie Lennon, Chief Administrative Coordinator of EI, addressed the meeting in his
                                  capacity of EI European Coordinator. He explained how much Jan Eastman, EI DGS
                                  regretted to be absent. Charlie Lennon outlined the various structures in the constitution
General Secretary                 of the Pan European structure and explained that a discussion, scheduled later in the
Secrétaire Général                meeting, to clarify the role and composition of the Pan European Equality Standing
Martin Rømer                      Committee would be useful. He stressed the need to have a very effective and committed
                                  Committee because the issues on the agenda of the Equality Committee are numerous
Treasurer                         and all deserve full attention. The Equality Standing Committee‟s responsibility is to
Walter Dresscher                  promote equality and non discrimination policies for teachers throughout Europe.

                                  The Chairperson thanked the speakers for their presence and addresses.

                                      2. Adoption of the Agenda

                                  The agenda presented by the Chairperson was ADOPTED unanimously.
Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007                               2/9

                                 3. Review of the recommendations and/or minutes of the last meetings

         The report of the previous meeting of EI Pan European Equality Committee, on 20-21 April 2006 were
         presented by the Chairperson. VR recalled that the new name of the Committee “EI Pan European Equality
         Committee” had been adopted at that meeting and that she had been elected Chairperson. Recalling the action
         undertaken by the Committee in the context of the World Football Cup organized in Germany, the Chairperson
         encouraged the Committee to endorse a similar campaign for the Eurocup to be co-organised by Poland and
         Ukraine in 2012 and to combat racism and child labour in the sports industry (Red Card on Racism campaign).
         The report was ENDORSED unanimously.
         The minutes of the September 2006 EI Roundtable of Women Education Workers held in Budapest,
         were presented by the Chairperson. She highlighted that the main topics addressed in Budapest were on the
         agenda of this Committee meeting for follow up: impact of pension reforms on women and violence against
         women. [Please note that the Budapest recommendations were unanimously endorsed by the Europe Regional
         Committee which met on 30-31 October 2006 > see item 2.4 of the Committee minutes] . The report was
         ENDORSED unanimously.
         The minutes of the October 2006 EI Pan European Committee were presented by Jorgen Lindholm. That
         Committee prepared the Luxemburg European Conference which adopted a joint European programme which
         avoids duplication and overlap.
         The minutes of the Pan European Women Caucus, held on 4 December 2006 prior to the European
         Regional Conference in Luxemburg, were presented by the Pan European Vice President Kounka
         Damianova. She said that the discussion in working groups was instrumental in identifying the core issues
         to be addressed by the Equality Committee: Pension reforms and the impact on gender equality and
         Gender equality in education unions as the two main themes for action. The groups also identified
         Violence against Women and Gender dimensions of migration as themes to monitor.
         The Women‟s Caucus strongly recommended that such a caucus take place prior to every Regional Conference
         and be a full or at least a half day in duration, open to all members, and held in an appropriate venue. The
         report was ENDORSED unanimously.
         The minutes of the Working Group of the Pan European Equality Committee, which met in Brussels on
         9 January 2007 were presented by the Chairperson. The working group prepared for this Committee and
         determined an agenda with the EI Secretariat, following up on issues addressed at the Equality Round Table.
         The report was ENDORSED unanimously.
         The minutes of the EI Status of Women Committee, which met in Berlin on 28 March 2007 prior to
         the EI World Executive Board. were presented by Charlie Lennon, Chief Regional Coordinator of EI. The
         discussion focused on the follow up of the EI participation in the UN Commission on the Status of Women
         held in March 2007 (a full report of the CSW2007 was distributed to all participants). He also introduced
         the discussion on a toolkit for teachers on Gender Safe Schools in the framework of EI EFAIDS program
         and partner Education Development Centre (EDC), as well as the “Equality” resolutions to be presented at
         the World Congress and the planned Women Caucus, to be developed later under item 12.

                                 4. Pension Reforms and Gender Equality

         EI Coordinator Dominique Marlet introduced the background paper presenting recommendations to follow up
         the work of the Committee dealing with the impact of pension reforms on women. A discussion followed with
         interventions and questions from VBE Germany, ZNP Poland, SNES France and SSTA & EIS Scotland.
         Kalina and Ann presented the current discussion on pension reform in their country. Gitta welcomed an in-
         depth discussion via the electronic network; Maryvonne questioned the delay in implementing the Budapest
         recommendations. DM answered that to respect the democratic decision making process in the context of a
         Congress year it was impossible to speed up the process.

         The Chairperson asked for a vote on the following recommendations:
                One discussion of the Electronic PEWN will focus on pension reforms
                The EI secretariat will prepare with the members of the Working Group a
               questionnaire to be sent out to member organisations in November 2007.
                The questionnaire will focus on the impact of pension reforms on female teachers in a
               context of changing public services and pay equity. It will focus on identifying common
               problems where a joint European trade union approach is required.
Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007                                    3/9

                  The deadline for responses will be January 31, 2008
                  The next meeting of the Pan European Equality Committee will adopt an action
                 strategy at national and European levels to be implemented by member organisations
                 and EI Europe.

         The recommendations were ENDORSED unanimously.

                                 5. Keynote Presentation: European Year of Equal Opportunities For All

         Speaker: Brigitte Degen, EU DG Employment, Social Affairs & Equal opportunities,
         Anti-discrimination Unit

         The speaker first introduced the DG Employment structure to show how this Year of Equal Opportunities for All
         fitted in the overall Commission anti discrimination package. The Year is aimed to make Europeans more aware
         of their rights and of the obligations of Member States. The principles of the Year are 1. Decentralisation; 2.
         Balanced treatment of all discriminations; 3. Gender Mainstreaming and 4. Involvement of civil society.
         In Poland for example, the National implementation body coordinated by the Ministry of Social Affairs
         involves 42 associations. In Ireland, the teacher unions were invited on board by the Equality Minister. The
         “European Year of Equal Opportunities For All” website provides online presentation of the various national
         framewors and contacts for the national coordinators who should be contacted if teacher unions have not
         yet been involved.
         Brigitte Degen also highlighted the Focus on Schools as a key to promoting tolerance.
         After the keynote presentation, the Chairperson opened the general discussion by inviting the participants to
         report if they had been involved in the national implementation committee of the Year of Equal Opportunities.
         ASTI Ireland, NSZZ Solidarnosc Education Poland, FE.CC.OO Spain, ZNP Poland, OLTEK Cyprus and
         UCU UK outlined the programme of their ministry and/or unions about sexual orientation in the school
         environment and/or accessibility of schools to differently-abled. In some countries, like Cyprus and Poland, the
         union (NSZZ Solidarnosc) refuses surveys questioning teachers about their sexual orientation. SNEP-FSU
         France insisted on the need to keep mixed physical training lessons to promote an integrated approach to all
         sports. STES Spain also deplored the trend to segregate girls and boys in separate classes. SNES France
         insisted on the need to accompany legislation with the necessary training of teachers to address the issue of
         sexual orientation in an appropriate and inclusive manner. KTOS Cyprus deplored the fact that EU data does
         not include the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus.
         Brigitte Degen concluded by highlighting the data on sexual orientation in the EuroBarometer and indicated
         that LGBT rights are still taboo in a number of countries like Portugal, Greece, Cyprus, but also Latvia and
         Slovenia and that it was not fair to scapegoat Poland. She also indicated that focus on training will be taken up
         in the next EU proposals.
         The chairperson thanked the keynote speaker for her excellent intervention and welcomed the fruitful
         contribution from Committee members. The meeting adjourned for lunch.

                                 6. Working Group Session on Gender Equality in the Unions

         The chair invited the participants to take note of the guidelines and of the questions to be addressed in the
         three working groups (see item 10):

         English: Moderator Monica Konczyk, NSZZ Solidarnosc Poland, Rapporteur: Maire Mulcahy, ASTI Ireland

         French: Moderator: Kounka Damianova; Rapporteur: Maryvonne Guigonnet, SNES France

         Multilingual: Moderator Kalina Grzelak, ZNP Poland, Rapporteur: Ann Ballinger, SSTA Scotland
Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007                                   4/9

                                 7. Relationship ETUCE/EU DG Employment

         The Chairperson invited Annemarie Falktoft from the ETUCE to provide an insight about the structure of the
         social dialogue with the European Union. AF explained that under the EC Treaty‟s provisions on social dialogue,
         consultation of the European trade unions and employers‟ federations is obligatory in preparing legislation
         related to employment and social affairs. As an Industry Federation for Education under the European Trade
         Union Confederation (ETUC), ETUCE thus takes part in these formal consultation processes. The Pan European
         Vice President Kounka Damianova has been mandated to represent the teacher unions‟ view in the ETUC
         Women Committee.
         AF also indicated the opportunities for autonomous dialogue between the European social partners with the
         purpose of concluding Framework Agreements. One such agreement was signed to tackle gender equality,
         including the gender pay gap. These agreements are important because they raise awareness on issues and
         compel social partners in the Member States to report about the progress achieved in these matters
                                 8. EI Pan European Women's Network

         Christina Drews from the EI Human Rights and Equality Unit reminded the participants of the history,
         conditions and launch of the electronic Pan European Women Network (PEWN) on 8 March 2007. The
         Chairperson invited the Committee members to a show of hands to see who was on the PEWN and to assess
         the network. Only a dozen Committee members are aware of and registered on the network. Therefore, all
         were invited to send their contact to the PEWN technical coordinator Harold Tor. Those who regularly
         participate welcomed the set up of the network.
         Gitta Franke Zoellmer from VBE Germany and Britta Sjostrom from Lararforbundet Sweden suggested to
         focus the discussion on topic and with a clear limit in time. Maire Mulcahy, ASTI Ireland, invited all
         contributors to share the reports of their national Women Committee on the network. Eva Tiquet COV
         Belgium advised that the network be web-based and not as an email list. Christopher Nicholas from UCU UK
         suggested to have more networks issue-focused on differently-abled, LGBT, etc.
         All ideas were recorded and the Chairperson concluded by inviting all Committee members to sign up to the
         network and to make useful contributions. In future, topical discussion will be scheduled with a deadline for
         The Chairperson closed the session for the day by thanking all the speakers and the contributors of the day.
         She also thanked the moderators and rapporteurs of the working groups and announced that the reports of the
         working groups would be presented the next day. The Chairperson provided practical information about the
         Dinner offered by EI.

         TUESDAY 24 APRIL 2007                     9:00am – 4:00pm

         The morning session of the Equality Committee was chaired by the Pan European Vice President
         Kounka Damianova.
         All participants were given a souvenir of Krakow by the ZNP delegation and a joint invitation to the Euro
         Football Cup to be held jointly by Poland and Ukraine in 2012 was extended to all Committee members.
         The participant from Israel, Ms. Aliza Ben-Yshy from ITU, marked the 59th anniversary of the independence of
         Israel on 24 April with a table set with the statement from the bible “May the peace be in your house and your
         life”. Aliza also distributed cutout paper doves in sign of peace. She expressed her emotions after the visit to
         the Auschwitz and Birkenau concentration camps and stated that the camps are also a “victory of life”.
                                 9. Joint Programme EI/ETUCE 2007-2009

         Annemarie Falktoft from the ETUCE presented the ETUCE Programme adopted at the December 2006
         Pan European Conference. The objective is to influence the new Social Agenda 2005-2010 which is a
         framework put forward by the Commission to implement the social dimension of the Lisbon Strategy.
         This agenda highlights the role of the social partners and takes a close look at the role of labour laws
         both in terms of the role of the Member States and of the Commission.
         The Social Agenda is organised under two main headings: Employment and Equal opportunities and
         Inclusion. A Roadmap for gender equality 2006-2010 sets out 6 priorities for how the Commission
         will implement the principle of gender equality, one of these priorities is combating violence against
Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007                                      5/9

         women, and in this context the Commission has committed itself to develop a new statistical system for
         comparing at EU level statistics on violence against women in the member states.
         The social partners (ETUC and employers) have recently adopted an Agreement on Harassment and
         Violence at the workplace. Unfortunately, the social partners were not able to reach consensus on a clear
         reference to violence from third party (pupils and parents in the case of education workers). This
         agreement has the advantage of bringing the issue of Violence at the workplace to the agenda of the
         institutionalised Social Dialogue. ETUCE is currently seeking EU funding for a project aimed at supporting
         member organisations in implementing the agreement and in further developing the aspect of 3 rd party
         violence when concluding agreements at national level.
         The ETUCE is moreover seeking to apply for EU funding for 2 projects on equality: one on the non
         discrimination of Roma children to continue the previous project on this issue and the other one on
         fighting gender stereotypes through education in the context of the social partners‟ framework
         agreement on gender equality.
         The EU Directive on implementing the principle of equal treatment of women and men in access to
         employment was adopted in 2006, and has to be implemented by Member States by August 2008. It is
         mainly a Directive which simplifies the previous EU directives on this issue
         Charlie Lennon clarified the history and evolution of the Pan European structures. He indicated that the
         coordinated programme adopted December 2006 by the Pan European Conference provides a more
         effective and cooperative framework for ETUCE and EI Europe. A coordinated working group still needs
         to be set up but increased synergy is already noticeable.
         Dominique Marlet from EI introduced the activity report or EI in the fields of equality and non
         discrimination work. EI being an international organisation she explained that is was very difficult to draw
         a line between international and European work. The EI work dealing with pay equity, LGBT, Indigenous
         peoples, child labour and migration is international and not restricted to the 44 countries of the Pan
         European region. She also insisted on the effort of EI to mainstream gender issues throughout the
         policies and activities of EI (gender impact of projects, gender balance of speakers and participants in
         conferences, gender neutral language, etc. (a background paper is available).

                                 10. EI Pan European Equality Structures

         The chairperson invited Charlie Lennon to introduce the paper proposing new Pan European equality
         structures. CL reminded the audience of the creation and evolution of the Pan European structures and
         standing committees. CL praised the good work and enthusiasm of the Equality Committee members but noted
         that the Equality structures lacked clarity in terms of composition, functioning, representation and
         accountability. This lack of clarity had prevented the equality structures from being as effective and efficient as
         they had the potential to be.
         He invited the Committee members to study the proposal presented to them by the EI secretariat and to make
         recommendations to the Regional Committee. He indicated that the current document was certainly not a final
         document as some proposals, such as the suggested regional division, would not be workable.
         The Chairperson opened the general discussion.
         A number of participants welcomed the discussion about new structures but disagreed with the method and
         suggested proposal.
         Various interventions (SNES France, FE.CC.OO Spain, EIS Scotland, UNSA France, SSTA Scotland,
         IFUT Ireland, Lararforbundet Sweden) expressed concern about the procedure regretting that the
         document had been presented to the Regional Committee without prior consultation. The top down process
         was criticised.
         Disagreement was expressed about the assessment of the work of the Equality Committee after many years of
         existence. Some members felt that the Equality Committee was a forum and not a decision making body and
         its success could not be assessed in terms of efficient decisions.
         Members also insisted that the participants to the Equality Committee are always mandated by their
         organisation and are reporting to their organisation, thereby dismissing the assessment of lack of
         representation and accountability.
         Disagreement was expressed about the proposal to reduce the number of Committee members. VBE
         Germany, NSZZ Solidarnosc Poland, UNSA Education France, NASUWT UK said that a reduced number
         of participants to the Equality Committee would narrow down the expertise in the various issues dealt with and
Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007                             6/9

         would loose the benefit of the representation and diversity which are currently enriching the debate. Many
         Committee members (SSTA Scotland, Lararforbundet Sweden, ZNP Poland, EIS Scotland, SEB
         Bulgaria, ASTI Ireland) suggested that a new structure be discussed either through the electronic network
         (PEWN), the Working Group or through an elected group.
         The Chairperson asked a vote on the following recommendations:
                Ask the Working Group to consider the submitted proposals and all suggestions
               expressed by the Committee members;
                Launch a one-week discussion on this topic via the electronic network
                Submit a proposal to the European Bureau and EI management

         The recommendations were ENDORSED.

                                 11. Reports of the Working Groups on Gender Equality in the Unions

         The chairperson invited the rapporteurs of the working groups to present the answers and recommendations to
         the following questions:
         1. What are the areas covered by your union policy under the theme Gender Equality in the Union?
         2. What are the persistent obstacles to gender equality in your union/country?
            What strategies have been implemented by your union?
            What are the breakthroughs (successful initiatives)?
         3. Define specific and practical recommendations (and timeframe) for a European strategy to be adopted by
         this Committee to promote Gender Equality in the unions
         4. (if time allows) highlight your union policy on non-discrimination.
         Multilingual: Rapporteur: Ann Ballinger, SSTA Scotland
         1. Very diverse situation among member organisations. Most countries have equality legislation.
         2. Traditional attitude/unfair repartition of family responsibility/Equality jargon can be barriers
         3. Recommendations:
            - Training in equality policies for all, training in assertiveness for women and disadvantaged groups
            - Positive action to promote women and disadvantaged groups in decision-making structures
            - Education
         English: Rapporteur: Maire Mulcahy, ASTI Ireland
         1. Need to rectify the disparity: only 30% of women in decision making structures while they represent
            between 60 and 80% of members in teacher unions
            Concern about the feminisation of the profession > to be made attractive to men
            Lack of pension equity
         2. Expectations that women will be the primary care taker of the family
            Lack of parental leave in leadership positions
            Old boys‟ network
         Strategies: Research to identify why women do not apply for leadership position (principals)
             Support for parental leave
             Claims under anti-discrimination policies
             Mentoring programmes within unions and capacity building at local level
             Annual audit followed by action
             Quotas (mixed views on reserved seats)
         3. Recommendations:
            - Annual equality audits for member organisations
            - Time off for discussion about equality issues (like Health/Safety Cttees)
            - Leadership training for women
            - Quotas
         4. LGBT, Racism, Marital Status
         French: Rapporteur: Maryvonne Guigonnet, SNES France
Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007                                   7/9

         Pension Reforms: Reforms tend to get away with the compensation of inequity in career models of men and
            women. EI and member organisations need to highlight alternative pension models.
         TU activism: increased presence of women in leadership positions through specific training of women and
            youth; better planning of meetings (not evening), improved working time; reviewed TU structure; alternate
            speaking time.
         Violence against women: increase violence between pupils and against young teachers. TU need to take into
             account the difficult working conditions of young teachers who are dispatched to difficult areas.
         Discrimination: unions need to take into account economic discrimination of pupils and teachers. Wage
             discrimination, mobility discrimination (lack of money does not allow pupils to choose school because
             cannot afford to pay transport cost)
         Brainstorming needed about system to reward professional career.
         The Chairperson thanked the rapporteurs for the reports and highlighted the importance of research, the need
         to transform trade union organisations, and the importance of pre- and in-service training for teachers.
                                 12. EI World Congress
         The chairperson invited Charlie Lennon to make a general presentation about the fifth EI World Congress to be
         held in Berlin, Germany, on 22-26 July 2007.
         The powerpoint presentation addressed various isues: hotel and convention centre, EI websection devoted to
         the congress, agenda of the congress and of the pre-congress events, break-out sessions, resolutions and
         deadlines for amendments, registration of delegates and online passwords, awards. He also indicated that hotel
         arrangements will be confirmed to delegates by mid-May.
         Gitta from VBE Germany welcomed the future delegates on behalf of the German teacher unions and
         explained that multilingual staff would be provided by the German affiliates to help delegates.
         Christina Drews from the EI HRE unit presented the agenda of the women caucus and invited participants to
         register for the caucus. The caucus is a special assembly for women union representatives held every three
         years. A full day session on July 21 will provide an opportunity for information, exchange and interaction. A
         draft agenda was shown to the committee. EI was successful in inviting Ms. Carolyn Hannan as a key note
         speaker. Ms Hannan is the Director of the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW). Her
         department is responsible for promoting, supporting and monitoring the implementation of international
         agreements on gender equality and empowerment of women.
         This pre-congress event gives EI a chance to present the Triennial Reports and all activities which have been
         done during the last three years, but also to listen to women coming from the whole world about their
         priorities, views and problems. Female candidates for the Executive Board will have the possibility to present
         themselves, their commitments and future strategies. The afternoon session is foreseen for working groups to
         discuss various priority topics. The agenda will be posted soon on the EI congress web site.
         The chairperson thanked the presenters and adjourned the meeting for lunch.
                                 13. Plenary Discussion: Role of teacher unions in the context of violence against
                                     women in the home, in the workplace and in society
         The afternoon session of the Equality Committee was chaired by the Chairperson of the Pan European Equality
         Standing Committee, Veronica Rankin.
         The Chairperson introduced the four speakers who had prepared an intervention on behalf of their union on
         the topic of violence in schools and violence against women.
         Violence in Schools in Serbia
         Presentation by Ms Marina Milenkovic, from the Belgrade Faculty of Pharmacy, speaking on behalf of the
         Teacher Union of Serbia (TUS)
         School violence has increased dramatically since early 1990s and reflects the violence in society and the crisis
         in the value system. Teenagers are often physically hyperactive and have not learned acceptable social
         UNICEF and Ministry of Education started a programme in 70 schools “Schools without violence”. 28% of pupils
         have been involved in violence at school. 65% have been victim of violence in schools within the last three
Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007                                    8/9

         months (verbal, emotional, physical violence). Teachers report to have been threatened by principals,
         colleagues, pupils and parents.
         The teacher union is considering ways to deal with the problem of violence in schools.
         Violence against Women in Spain
         Presentation by Ms Alicia Poza Sebastian and Begoña Suarez on behalf of the teacher union STEs of Spain
         Since 2005, Spain has a law prohibiting violence against women (VaW) and the union has launched a large
         awareness campaign about VaW at home and at work and about the legislation and the responsibility of the
         State to implement it. STEs insists very much on change of attitude (no more macho attitudes and peaceful
         conflict resolution approach) and on training in school about gender equality. STEs is part of many civil society
         platform to trigger a change of attitude to combat VaW. National action day on 25 November.
         Generally speaking, the speakers also stressed the need to take into account the gender dimension of all
         violence related issues (at school, against pupils, against teachers, etc.)
         Survey on violence in Schools in Republic of Cyprus
         Presentation by Mr Georgiou Constandinos on behalf of OLTEK Cyprus
         In the schoolyear 2005-2006, the Ministry of Education conducted a survey with the aim of finding methods
         to prevent violence and to make a comparison with the data of other European countries. 102 schools
         responded to the survey: 60 Gymnasiums (Schools of Lower Secondary Education), 32 Lyceums (Schools of
         Higher Secondary Education) and 10 Technical Schools (Schools of Higher Secondary Education). The
         highest average number of violent events appears in Technical Schools (55), while the lowest average
         number appears in Lyceums (27).
         The forms of violence range from verbal violence (1517) and physical violence (662) to intruders (324),
         damage of school premises (127), theft (68), sexual abuse (59), fire or attempts (53), drugs (5) to suicide
         (1). 12,64% of the cases reported are considered to be very serious. Only 88 cases, less than 3% of the
         total events were reported to the police, while 84% were reported to the deputy headmaster.
         Following the study, it was suggested that programs dealing with school failure prevention, learning
         disabilities, school leaving and drop out should be reinforced. As well as programs for the improvement of
         the psychological and social environment of school; change in the curriculum in order to spend more time
         for the improvement of children‟s personal, social and communication skills; set up of “Health and Social
         Training Committee”; and the training of the teachers in how to prevent and manage (cope with) violence.
         It was also advised to set up smaller school units with fewer pupils.
         Violence in Schools: the Role of Teacher Unions
         Presentation by Ms Monika Konczyk, from NSZZ Solidarnosc Education Poland
         The Polish teacher union has been working on violence against teachers since 1995, collecting data,
         releasing resource books, raising awareness through conferences and workshops and running specialised
         courses and programmes at schools. In 2007, the Government adopted the „Zero tolerance towards violence
         at school‟ programme. In a study carried out in 1996-99, 98,2% of pupils felt victim of violence, 91%
         students were victims of emotional violence and 80% did not like school at all. Occurrence of violence
         among the pupils aged 8-9 years is mostly teasing, threatening and scoffing. At the Gymnasium level,
         teachers said 85% of the violence they experienced was emotional (vs physical violence). At age 8, pupils
         start being afraid of one another.
         In 2001, the union appealed to the Polish parliament, government, local authorities, managers, parents,
         universities, municipal organs, media, politicians, Church & non-governmental institutions, and other unions
         to deal with violence at school. The causes for violent behaviour at school seem to be Alcoholism in family,
         Unemployment, Poverty, Media, Computer‟s games, Youth magazines, Drug addiction, Aggression at family
         level and Low self- esteem.
         60% of teachers feel as victims. 71% consider school managers as aggressors. Among the forms of
         bullying: 84% of teachers mention mental violence (insults, abuse, slanders, harassment); 42% economical
         exploitation and 7% sexual violence. The violence results in depression, low self-assessment, the sense of
         threat, health problems and insomnia for teachers. Unions must be spokesperson and must engage in social
         dialogue to improve the school atmosphere.
Minutes of the Pan European Equality Standing Committee, Krakow, Poland, 23-24 April 2007                            9/9

         The Chairperson thanked the five speakers for their excellent contribution to the debate and praised them
         for making their presentation in a foreign language.
         The Chairperson stressed the need for the more research to provide evidence-based assessment and make
         The Chairperson also reminded the audience of the recommendations adopted at the Pan European Equality
         Round Table in Budapest about Violence against Women:
              1. That the Pan European Regional Committee mandate the Equality Committee to
                 undertake a comparative study of
               workplace bullying, harassment and violence;
               existing legislative provisions on health and safety and equality in the workplace;
               collective agreement provisions;
                 with a view to developing a 5 year program of work, including an action plan for
                 education unions.
              2. That the Equality Committee develop a working definition and compile a dossier of all
                 forms of violence against women, including in the home (domestic), in the workplace
                 and in society, and what supports within the union are or should be available.
              3. That the issue of violence against women be pursued by the Equality Committee, and
                  that the Pan European Network be used as a vehicle for discussion and definition of
                  the agenda.
              4. That EI encourage Members to systematically collect data on violence against women
                 in the workplace, and that EI periodically publish such data.
              5. That EI include in its human and trade union rights work violence against women in
                 the form of human trafficking and sexual exploitation.
                                 14. Motion of support with the Polish teachers
         A motion was presented by Kalina Grzelak from ZNP Poland, and seconded by Kounka Damianova, from SEB
         Bulgaria. The motion was supported unanimously.
         Motion of support for Polish teachers
         In the context of the 2007 European Year of Equal Opportunities, the Pan European Equality Standing
         Committee meeting in Krakow, Poland, on 23-24 April 2007, expresses support for the effort of Polish
         teacher unions to advocate for tolerance and non discrimination in the education system and in society.
         The Pan European Equality Standing Committee supports the fight of Polish teacher unions to guarantee the
         respect of human rights and to improve the working conditions and professional development of teachers.
                                 15. Planning of the next meeting
         The Chairperson announced that 2007 being a Congress year for EI there will be no Equality Round Table
         in the autumn, and it is premature to schedule a date for the 2008 Pan European Equality Standing
         Committee as the there is no European agenda yet for 2008. The Chairperson said that the secretariat
         would come up with alternative dates, making sure that the Equality Committee met prior to the Pan
         European Regional Committee.
                                 16. Closing
         The chairperson, Veronica Rankin, thanked all participants for attending the meeting. She thanked the
         speakers, the moderators and the rapporteurs. She thanked the host organisation ZNP and the Polish
         teacher unions. She thanked the interpreters and the hotel staff. She thanked EI secretariat for their
         efforts and hard work.

         The meeting was adjourned on Tuesday 24 April at 15.40.
         Minutes: Dominique Marlet/EI Secretariat/30 April 2007

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