"Green Chemistry the Consumer Green Chemistry News Views and Solutions"
Green Chemistry & the Consumer Green Chemistry & the Consumer Green Chemistry News, Views and Solutions for Sustainable Supply Chains EDITORIAL In one of our “breakthroughs” we highlight an article from Japan which describes the efficient capture of phosphate pollutants in a way that enables easy recovery of the phosphate - a resource that is running out. We have been aware of the need to reduce pollution in chemical and related processes for a long time and more recently we have become aware of the finite quantities of many key substances in the virgin forms we have traditionally exploited. Our consumer society has been based on a consumption model which condemns resources to become, after a variable but sadly short period of time, waste. Inevitably in a limited system (the Earth) we will run out of virgin resources although the rates of depletion of them will vary depending on the (extractable) quantities available and our rate of consumption: for oil it November 2008 seems likely to be later this century, for coal it may be longer (see the intriguing question posed by Bill Sanderson on page 13); for many metals we are apparently running out within 10 years or so (see Chemistry & Industry, Issue 16, 2008); for phosphates it is probably a few decades. For energy production, we are turning our attention to alternatives – wind, solar, wave – which are renewable and essentially unlimited; on biomass which is renewable but (Continued on page 2) CONTENTS Breakthroughs: Greener Solvents 2 From Gecko to Nano 2 Getting the Cocoa Right 3 Issue 32 Tannin-based Adhesives 3 From Waste to Fuel 3 Using Nuts to make Fibreboards more Sustainable 4 Using Waste to Deal with Waste 4 Other recent papers of interest 4 News snippets 5, 8, 10, 11 Education: MSc in Green Chemistry and Sustainable Industrial Technology 6 Online Continuing Professional Development (CPD)/Lifelong Learning 6 Focus Article: Reducing the Environmental Footprint of Food 7 Events 9, 10 Hellenic Green Chemistry Symposium advert 11 GCN activities: Outreach 12 Guest Lectures 12, 13 Conference Report: Towards Greener Plastics 13 GCN Representation 13 Questions from Members 13 News from GCN Members 14 1 Green Chemistry & the Consumer (Continued from page 1) including metals and chemical compounds so they can limited, and nuclear which is not renewable (at least in be used again for the next, often sophisticated product terms of uranium). For chemicals including materials, supply chain. In order to do this we may need to rethink there may sometimes be alternatives (e.g. zeolites our initial product design; if the valuable components of instead of phosphates for water softening) but these will the product are very difficult to recover in a usable form, inevitably be limited, and in many cases, there are no then we should change the design. Indeed, the future obvious alternatives. This rather sobering thought is a cost of an article may have to include the cost of strong reason to stop considering what we call ‘waste’ recovering the component parts in forms ready for as a problem and see it more as a resource. Add this to reuse in the next generation of that or another article. the widely accepted need to reduce waste dumping and “Resource-to-resource” pricing may well make us think burning, and we have an irresistible need to both twice before we condemn such enormous quantities of capture waste and to utilise that waste. Waste our limited resources to dispersed and environmentally utilisation must also start to go beyond the significant (in damaging useless ‘waste’: the old adage is truer than a waste reduction sense) but rather trivial (in a value ever ‘waste not, want not’. and resource sense) use of waste to make low value James Clark products such as playground surfaces and fillers in road York construction, etc. We need to recapture key species November 2008 BREAKTHROUGHS Here we describe some recently reported We include for each of the inventions a mini lifecycle assessment exciting breakthroughs in research on (LCA) based on our knowledge and understanding of the science* greener chemical products Greener Solvents From Gecko to Nano Solvents are important Adhesives are widely used in numerous consumer components in many products but the chemicals in adhesives are rarely formulations as well as in green or sustainable. In previous GC&C breakthroughs numerous chemical processes. we have looked at greener adhesives including those They are used in cleaning and based on starch. In a new article in Science, US to deliver active components researchers have such as agricultural chemicals. shown how by learning However, we now know that traditional solvents, often from geckos use of sub- what we refer to as volatile organic compounds – VOCs microscopic hairs to are damaging to the atmosphere as well as to human create enormous forces health. In recent articles from Hungary and the UK that allow them to hang apparently greener alternative solvents are discussed. from ceilings, we can These include water – an obvious choice for the create new nano-scale environment but not always an effective solvent and adhesives. These are bio-solvents – renewable by nature but still VOCs. based on carbon Overall it is clear that many challenges remain in finding nanotubes, a mere 3 square centimetres of which can greener replacements for certain solvents. hold 150kg. I. T. Horváth, Green Chem., 2008, 10, 1024 L. Qu et al., Science, 2008, 322, 238-242 Feedstocks Process Product Feedstocks Process Product ~ ? x ? Water and bio- Water can be a Dirty water It is possible to The processing of There are solvents are poor solvent for needs treatment make carbon such materials is concerns about renewable. organics. Bio- and bio-solvents adhesives using highly energy the health impact solvents can be can damage the renewable intensive but could of nano-materials good solvents. atmosphere. resources. be improved. but there is little data available. *These are initial views and are by no means comprehensive. Thorough investigation would obviously be necessary to determine the true environmental impact at each of the stages in the lifecycle. 2 Green Chemistry & the Consumer Getting the Cocoa Right adhesive properties of which can be enhanced by the addition of polyvinyl acetate (PVA). This replaces urea- formaldehyde. Cocoa is the major agricultural crop in countries including Ghana where it is the major source of revenue S.Kim, Bioresource Technology, 2009, Vol. 100, for the socio-economic infrastructure of the company. It 2, 744-748 is very important that the environmental aspects of cocoa production are also considered. In a new example of the use of life cycle assessment to test the environmental impacts of a major crop in Africa, an Feedstocks Process Product academic group in Ghana have applied LCA thinking to cocoa production in their ~ countr y. The stud y Tannin can be Blending with The product is identifies pesticides derived from PVA is easy but expected to and fertilisers as several natural PVA is made have low sources. from petroleum. persistence and having major impacts to biodegrade in and describes how a reasonable biological control time. systems for pests and diseases, as well as proper soil fertility management, can improve the environmental credentials of cocoa production. Clean energy sources such as natural gas can also reduce impacts. Perhaps most From Waste to Fuel importantly, the study shows how LCA can be constructively used to help production in a developing country. So is cocoa green and sustainable? The world faces the twin problems of diminishing virgin resources and A. Ntiamoah et al., Journal of Cleaner Production, increasing waste. Using waste as a 2008, 16, 1735-1740 resource is an obvious strategy for helping to alleviate this sustainability squeeze. In a recent article from India, a waste problem – cotton – is turned Feedstocks Process Product into a useful product, in this case bioethanol. Cotton ~ ~ waste is produced in very large quantities in India and is The crop is Energy sources Future studies a health hazard due to its fibrous nature. However, it is renewable but can be improved ought to close to 100% cellulose and as such should be some inputs are as can the choice consider how to relatively easy to ferment after acid-treatment. The currently based of pesticide and utilise the crop bioethanol product can be used as a transport fuel or as on non-renewable fertiliser systems. by-products. resources. a solvent. Arthe et al. EJEAFChe, 2008, 7 (6), 2984-2992 Feedstocks Process Product Tannin-based Adhesives ~ Uses a waste as Two stages are The waste from the raw material required including cotton In another recent article on greener adhesives, Sumin and replaces non- the use of acid. manufacturing is Kim from the Architecture renewable petrol reduced. Department at Soongsil University fuels. in Korea describes how tannin- based adhesives can be made to reduce formaldehyde and total VOC emissions from wood-based flooring. Tannin is a widely available renewable resource, the 3 Green Chemistry & the Consumer Using Nuts to make decades. We need to not only remove polluting phosphates but do so in a way that they can be reused. Fibreboards more Efficient adsorption is one approach to this and in a Sustainable recent article from Japan the use of biomass (orange) waste loaded with zirconium is shown to both bind phosphate and then release it on raising the pH. MDF (medium density fibreboard) is an K. Biplob et al., Bioresource Technology, 2008, 99, increasingly popular 8685–8690 alternative to solid wood for making furniture. However, the use of wood based Feedstocks Process Product r a w materials make the price high and adds pressure to Uses one waste Capture efficient Adsorbent can to treat another. and requires less be recycled and the conservation of energy. phosphates forests. Various types recovered. of biomass are being considered for incorporation into MDF so as to reduce this burden but the attractive structural and surface properties of all wood MDF can be easily compromised. In a recent article from Turkey, it has OTHER RECENT PAPERS been shown that hazelnut shell and husk can be utilised in MDF at up to 20% without falling below the properties OF INTEREST required in the standards. Y. Çöpür et al., Bioresource Technology, 2008, 99, • ‘Removal of oil by walnut shell media’ 7402–7406 A. Srinivasan and T. Viraraghavan, Bioresource Technology, 2008, 99, 8217– 8220 Feedstocks Process Product • ‘Tobacco stems as a low cost adsorbent for the ~ ? removal of Pb(II) from wastewater: Equilibrium and Hazelnut shell and Energy is spent in We would expect kinetic studies’ husk is abundant making the the products to W. Li et al., Industrial Crops and Pesticides, in countries such modified MDF and be readily 2008, 28, 294 - 302 as Turkey and has the process still biodegradable. little current value. uses formaldehyde. • ‘Ammonium nitrate fertiliser production based on biomass - Environmental effects from a life cycle perspective’ S. Ahlgren et al., Bioresource Technology, 2008, 99, 8034 - 8041 • ‘Biomass-based green chemistry: sustainable solutions for modern economies’ Using Waste to Deal with Waste R. Höfer and J. Bigorra, Green Chemistry Letters and Reviews, 2008, 1, 2, 79 - 97 The large scale use of • ‘Feedstocks for the Future – Biorefinery Production phosphates has led to real of Chemicals from Renewable Carbon’ environmental problems due J. J. Bozell, Clean, 2008, 36, 8, 641 - 647 to their build up in water systems causing eutrophication and • ‘Use of pulp mill inorganic wastes as alternative consequential harm to aquatic life. An additional liming materials’ complication is the rather alarming prediction that high F. Cabral et al., Bioresource Technology, 2008, grade phosphate ores could be depleted within a few 99, 8294 - 8298 4 Green Chemistry & the Consumer NEWS SNIPPETS California Puts Green Chemistry Under Waitrose to Generate Renewable Energy the Microscope from Waste The Green Chemistry Initiative Science Advisory Waitrose is generating renewable energy from waste Panel, convened by the California Environmental food. The retailer is using all of the food waste from Protection Agency, was formed in 2007 to "generate five of its stores to generate renewable energy, which ideas that could fill information and safety gaps goes back into the national grid. If successful, the about chemicals, develop overall policy goals, and scheme could be rolled out to more Waitrose shops. identify and recommend policy options". The group The process is based on anaerobic digestion in which issued its findings recently in a 190-page tome that micro-organisms break down biodegradable material offers no fewer than 38 recommendations, from and produce a methane-rich biogas which is turned regulatory to educational to informational, about into heat and electricity as an efficient alternative to how to make green chemistry the rule, not the fossil fuels. exception. Source: The California panel identified three gaps which, it http://www.foodbev.com/ArticleDetail.aspx? http://www.foodbev.com/ArticleDetail.aspx?contentId=1379 http://www.foodbev.com/ArticleDetail.aspx?contentId=1379 contentId=1379 says, are critical to making green chemistry http://www.foodbev.com/ArticleDetail.aspx?contentId=1379 mainstream: • a Data Gap, in which manufacturers and businesses currently can sell a chemical or product without disclosing sufficient information about its Italy Biodiesel Group Aims for Fuel from potential health or environmental hazards. Seaweed • a Safety Gap, in which public agencies often A group of Italian biodiesel producers have begun a are unable to efficiently regulate known hazards in project to move away from using food crops for fuel an integrated, comprehensive manner, or require by using seaweed instead. They hope to produce producers to accept greater responsibility for the fuel from seaweed on a commercial basis within five lifecycle impacts of their products. years. • a Technology Gap, with insufficient private or Source: public investment in green chemistry research, http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/ http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/50441/story.htm http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/50441/story.htm http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/50441/story.htm http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/50441/story.htm development, education, and technical assistance. newsid/50441/story.htm http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/50441/story.htm The California report recommends a wide scope of remedies, from education about green chemistry starting in K-12 and continuing through graduate programs in both chemistry and business; to E.U. Chemical Regulation List Starts off establishing Green Chemistry Science and Short Technology Innovation Centers across the state; to creating awards and design competitions; to The Member State Committee of the European launching a California Chemistry Research Chemical Agency has nominated 16 chemicals for Challenge; to establishing "one or more inclusion under REACH, 15 of which will go forward independent non-profit institutes to identify, develop, for possible authorisation involving restricted future and test safer alternatives." use. Source: http://makower.typepad.com/joel_makower/2008/08/california-puts.html Source: http://makower.typepad.com/joel_makower/2008/08/ http://makower.typepad.com/joel_makower/2008/08/california-puts.html http://makower.typepad.com/joel_makower/2008/08/california-puts.html http://makower.typepad.com/joel_makower/2008/08/california-puts.html http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/22/eu- http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/22/eu-chemical-regulation-list-starts-short http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/22/eu-chemical-regulation-list-starts-short california-puts.html http://makower.typepad.com/joel_makower/2008/08/california-puts.html http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/22/eu-chemical-regulation-list-starts-short http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/22/eu-chemical-regulation-list-starts-short http://makower.typepad.com/joel_makower/2008/08/california-puts.html chemical-regulation-list-starts-short http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/22/eu-chemical-regulation-list-starts-short http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/22/eu-chemical-regulation-list-starts-short Full report download: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/PollutionPrevention/ http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/PollutionPrevention/GreenChemistryInitiative/upload/SAP_Report.pdf http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/PollutionPrevention/GreenChemistryInitiative/upload/SAP_Report.pdf http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/PollutionPrevention/GreenChemistryInitiative/upload/SAP_Report.pdf GreenChemistryInitiative/upload/SAP_Report.pdf http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/PollutionPrevention/GreenChemistryInitiative/upload/SAP_Report.pdf http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/PollutionPrevention/GreenChemistryInitiative/upload/SAP_Report.pdf http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/PollutionPrevention/GreenChemistryInitiative/upload/SAP_Report.pdf 5 Green Chemistry & the Consumer EDUCATION MSc in Green Chemistry and Sustainable Industrial Technology A unique Masters Course bringing together Green Chemistry and related studies The MSc in Green Chemistry and Sustainable Industrial Technology (formerly MRes in Clean Chemical Technology) is a 12-month taught course, currently recruiting for intake in 2009. Various studentships are available from industry and the University of York for 2009-10 to assist home and overseas students. The course also accepts independently funded applicants. Studentships could be allocated at any time to suitably qualified candidates (the assessment will be based both on academic record, references and on the applicant's performance during an interview). Students interested in the course and companies who would like more information about sponsoring studentships should contact: Mrs Alison Edmonds, Green Chemistry Centre, Department of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK. Email: email@example.com, Tel: 01904 432567, Fax: 01904 432705. Further information can be found at http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/chem/gsp/mres.html. Application forms can also be downloaded from the website: http://www.york.ac.uk/admin/gso/gsp/apply/. Continuing Professional Development (CPD)/ Lifelong Learning Short Online Courses For industry, government, NGOs, healthcare organisations, retail, trade associations, R&D and other organisa- tions with interests in sustainable development and greener products. The programme provides training in vari- ous aspects of sustainable development in the context of consumer and industrial chemical products. It intro- duces the key economic, social and environmental drivers and tools including clean technologies and assess- ment procedures. It equips participants with the knowledge and skills to enable them to make informed and criti- cal decisions about the utilisation of renewable resources and sustainable technologies. The courses are delivered online in a variety of flexible modes catering for individual needs. These range from fully interactive live seminars to non-interactive archived videos and support materials, both fully supported by expert staff. Key Benefits of the Online Programme: • Flexible delivery to fit with individual schedules * Live interactive webinars * Archived recordings * Support forum for questions and discussion • Easy access via the Internet • Library resources such as specialist journals • A meeting forum for organisations with similar interests • Dedicated learning environment consolidating all elements Courses introduce the principles and tools of green and sustainable development and highlight the commercial opportunities that can be realised through the implementation of clean technologies, utilisation of renewable re- sources and development of greener products. * Principles of Green & Sustainable Development (non-technical) * Greener Products (non-technical) * Renewable Resources and Bio-Processing (non-technical) * Clean Synthesis (technical) For further details please visit http://www.york.ac.uk/res/gcg/gogreen/WebCPD.htm 6 Green Chemistry & the Consumer FOCUS ARTICLE Reducing the Environmental Footprint of and customers. Food In calling for partnerships, WRAP will enable companies Food production and consumption accounts for 18% of throughout the supply chain to work in partnership with the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions, and overall food WRAP to deliver real change. waste in the UK is thought to be around 18-20 million tonnes. Similar numbers apply in most developed Meanwhile to tackle the impact of packaging waste countries. The environmental impacts of food include without compromising on transportation, packaging and a disturbingly large performance, major UK retailer volume of waste produced at every stage in the supply Sainsbury’s has introduced its SO chain including by the consumer. We noted one organic Wild Rocket salad in approach to this problem on page 5; here we look at compostable packaging. This two others. innovative concept (patent pending) has been created through a joint As part of its strategy to reduce venture between Amcor Flexibles and Image source: http:// food waste, WRAP (the Waste & news.unipack.ru/eng/23672/ Flextrus. Resources Action Programme, UK) is calling for proposals from food industry partnerships to develop innovative “Food packaging is very important to our customers and solutions to food waste throughout the retail supply it influences their buying decisions. Amcor's NaturePlus chain and in the home. WRAP is building on its existing compostable film helps us to meet our customers' drive to reduce household food waste by extending the needs and our sustainability goals without scope of its work to make better use of resources all the compromising on shelf life and seal performance way through the supply chain, from manufacture, requirements” commented Stuart Lendrum, Packaging distribution and back of store. Manager at Sainsbury’s. From industry workshops to discuss new insights from WRAP’s pioneering research report, "The Food We Sainsbury’s has an objective to halve customer’s Waste", a number of potential solutions to reduce food household waste by composting and to help achieve waste were identified, from improved storage guidance this, ninety percent of its organic fresh produce is for consumers, more consistent date labelling and a available in compostable, recycled or recyclable greater range of pack sizes through to packaging packaging. Using Amcor's NaturePlus compostable film changes aimed at increasing shelf life. provides a natural response to the concerns of Sainsbury's customers. WRAP is now inviting proposals for projects to develop and trial innovative approaches and solutions to reduce supply chain and/or household food waste. “Sainsbury’s challenged us to deliver a non-genetically Collaborative partnerships between retailers, brands, modified, compostable film for prepared produce. We designers, suppliers and others will be particularly created a revolutionary new concept which maximises encouraged. These should have the potential to deliver both seal integrity and barrier properties. The new film significant reductions with rapid implementation of is water resistant and can run in a wet environment at solutions. standard speeds. We are very excited about this new concept' says Peter Ettridge, Sustainable Product The food categories making the most significant Development Manager at Amcor Flexibles. contribution to food waste are fresh fruit and vegetables; bakery products; fresh meats and fish, pre- Through its improved sealing properties, Amcor's prepared chilled meat and fish products; ready meals NaturePlus compostable film also helps to reduce food (including pizzas); dairy products (including milk); dried waste. And once you have enjoyed your fresh and crisp foods (including rice, pasta and cereals); and salad, the pack can be disposed of on your compost homemade meals. WRAP is therefore looking to heap. prioritise activity in these areas. Sources: Opportunities exist for retailers and food manufacturers http://www.wrap.org.uk/ http://www.wrap.org.uk/wrap_corporate/news/wrap_calls_for_1.html to help reduce the amount of food which is thrown away http://www.environmental-expert.com/STSE_resultEach.aspx? http://www.environmental-expert.com/STSE_resultEach.aspx?cid=31079&idproducttype=1&idmainpage=0&level=0 in the UK. This would have significant environmental http://www.environmental-expert.com/STSE_resultEach.aspx?cid=31079&idproducttype=1&idmainpage=0&level=0 cid=31079&idproducttype=1&idmainpage=0&level=0 http://www.environmental-expert.com/STSE_resultEach.aspx?cid=31079&idproducttype=1&idmainpage=0&level=0 benefits, as well as driving cost savings for the industry 7 Green Chemistry & the Consumer NEWS SNIPPETS Genomatica Swaps Petroleum for Sugar Metallic Compostable Pack may Herald to Make Building Block for Plastic Green Drink Development Genomatica says it is on the path to mass-producing Innovia Films, provider of home-biodegradable a widely used manufacturing compound with sugar standard laminated film ‘NatureFlex’, has worked instead of petroleum. The company has genetically with US-based drinks group Guayaki to combine the modified E. coli to produce 1,4-butanediol (BDO) barrier properties of metallic foil with compostability. when consuming sugar. BDO is a raw material used The small metal content of the package makes the in manufacturing plastic, rubber and fibre products, product suitable for home composting along with the as well as pharmaceuticals, solvents, automotive other pack materials, though it is modified enough to parts, electronics and apparel. Current production is ensure high moisture barrier rates to protect the estimated at approximately 1.4 billion kilograms product inside such as coffee and tea. annually, with a value of $4 billion. Source: Source: http://www.beveragedaily.com/Products/Metallic- http://www.beveragedaily.com/Products/Metallic-compostable-pack-may-herald-green-drink-development http://www.beveragedaily.com/Products/Metallic-compostable-pack-may-herald-green-drink-development http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/18/ http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/18/genomatica-swaps-petroleum-sugar-make-building-block-plastic http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/18/genomatica-swaps-petroleum-sugar-make-building-block-plastic compostable-pack-may-herald-green-drink- http://www.beveragedaily.com/Products/Metallic-compostable-pack-may-herald-green-drink-development http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/18/genomatica-swaps-petroleum-sugar-make-building-block-plastic http://www.beveragedaily.com/Products/Metallic-compostable-pack-may-herald-green-drink-development genomatica-swaps-petroleum-sugar-make-building- http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/18/genomatica-swaps-petroleum-sugar-make-building-block-plastic http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/18/genomatica-swaps-petroleum-sugar-make-building-block-plastic development block-plastic http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/18/genomatica-swaps-petroleum-sugar-make-building-block-plastic Fetzer Vineyards Converts to Lightweight Glass Bottles More Detergent Power with BASF’s Brown-Forman Corporation’s Fetzer Vineyards is Luvipur 10 converting its entire line of wines to lightweight glass bottles. The new design eliminates the punt — the BASF is adding a low molecular weight modified concave indentation on the bottom of bottles — and polymer to its range of active ingredients for liquid reduces the thickness of the glass. The changes detergents. The new additive enhances the result in an average annual decrease of 16 percent in detergent power of liquid detergents. glass usage, a reduction of some 2,100 tons, and a 14 percent drop in greenhouse gas emissions, an Source: http://corporate.basf.com/en/presse/mitteilungen/ http://corporate.basf.com/en/presse/mitteilungen/pm.htm?pmid=3262&id=V00-QToKVD2bgbcp0L- estimated 3,000 tons of C02, according to Fetzer. http://corporate.basf.com/en/presse/mitteilungen/pm.htm?pmid=3262&id=V00-QToKVD2bgbcp0L- pm.htm?pmid=3262&id=V00-QToKVD2bgbcp0L- http://corporate.basf.com/en/presse/mitteilungen/pm.htm?pmid=3262&id=V00-QToKVD2bgbcp0L- http://corporate.basf.com/en/presse/mitteilungen/pm.htm?pmid=3262&id=V00-QToKVD2bgbcp0L- Source: http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2008/10/20/fetzer-lightweight-bottles http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2008/10/20/fetzer- http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2008/10/20/fetzer-lightweight-bottles lightweight-bottles http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2008/10/20/fetzer-lightweight-bottles Mushroom Extract May Stabilise Meat Colour: Study Arm & Hammer Slashes Packaging with New Spray Cleaners An extract from the edible mushroom Flammulina velutipes may stabilise the natural colour of meat. The Essentials Cleaners line has been formulated to Tuna and beef meat formulations avoided browning use fewer chemicals than typical cleaners. The when mushroom extract was used as an additive, cleaners are 99 percent biodegradable and contain utilising the antioxidant activity of the fungi. water, plant-based cleaning agents derived from coconut and palm kernel oil, water softeners and The food industry is increasingly seeking natural trace amounts of colour and fragrance. Additionally, solutions rather than artificial additives, such as the packaging has been designed to save energy and butylhydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylhydroxytoluene materials – spray bottles are sold empty with a small (BHT), to extend the shelf life of products. container of cleaner concentrate and can be reused multiple times with refills. Source: http://www.meatprocess.com/Products/Mushroom-extract-may-stabilise-meat-colour-Study http://www.meatprocess.com/Products/Mushroom- http://www.meatprocess.com/Products/Mushroom-extract-may-stabilise-meat-colour-Study Source: http://www.meatprocess.com/Products/Mushroom-extract-may-stabilise-meat-colour-Study http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/10/14/arm-hammer-slashes-packaging extract-may-stabilise-meat-colour-Study http://www.meatprocess.com/Products/Mushroom-extract-may-stabilise-meat-colour-Study http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/10/14/arm- http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/10/14/arm-hammer-slashes-packaging http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/10/14/arm-hammer-slashes-packaging hammer-slashes-packaging 8 Green Chemistry & the Consumer EVENTS NOVEMBER 2008 MARCH 2009 Nov 25 Implement the Next Phase of REACH Mar 3 – 5 Ecobuild 2009 In 2009 Earls Court, London, UK London, UK http://www.ecobuild.co.uk/ www.endsreachconference.com Mar 22 – 26 237th American Chemical Society DECEMBER 2008 National Meeting: The Joe Breen Student Poster Session in Green Dec 2 - 3 Corporate Water Footprinting Chemistry San Francisco, USA Salt Lake City, Utah http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/ http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/corporateclimateresponse/corp_water.html http://oasys.acs.org/acs/237nm/oasys.htm http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/corporateclimateresponse/corp_water.html corporateclimateresponse/corp_water.html http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/corporateclimateresponse/corp_water.html Mar 23 - 24 Palm Oil - The Sustainable 21st Century Oil Dec 3 Bioregional Event - 'One Planet One Royal Society, London, UK Day' http://www.soci.org/SCI/events/ http://www.soci.org/SCI/events/details.jsp?eventID=EV1214 London, UK http://www.cabe.org.uk/AssetLibrary/12275.pdf details.jsp?eventID=EV1214 http://www.soci.org/SCI/events/details.jsp?eventID=EV1214 http://www.cabe.org.uk/AssetLibrary/12275.pdf http://www.cabe.org.uk/ http://www.cabe.org.uk/AssetLibrary/12275.pdf AssetLibrary/12275.pdf Mar 30 - 31 4th Wood Fibre Polymer Composites Dec 3 – 4 Bioplastics International Symposium Munich, Germany Bordeaux, France http://www.bioplasticsconference.com/ http://www.bfafh.de/inst4/45/ http://www.bfafh.de/inst4/45/pdf/4wfpc.pdf pdf/4wfpc.pdf http://www.bfafh.de/inst4/45/pdf/4wfpc.pdf Dec 3 – 4 Raw Materials Shift and Biomaterials Cologne, Germany http://www.rohstoffwende.info/index.php?lng=en APRIL 2009 Dec 7 - 11 2008 CSPA Annual Meeting April 27-30 Additives 2009: Fuels and Ft. Lauderdale, FL Lubricants for Energy Efficient and http://www.cspa.org/public/annual/ Sustainable Transport York, UK Dec 10 -12 Biomass and Energy Crops III http://www.rsc.org/ConferencesAndEvents/RSCConferences/Additives2009/index.asp http://www.rsc.org/ http://www.rsc.org/ConferencesAndEvents/RSCConferences/Additives2009/index.asp CSL, York, UK ConferencesAndEvents/ http://www.rsc.org/ConferencesAndEvents/RSCConferences/Additives2009/index.asp http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=62&basket=wwsshowconfdets http://www.rsc.org/ConferencesAndEvents/RSCConferences/Additives2009/index.asp http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?i RSCConferences/Additives2009/ http://www.rsc.org/ConferencesAndEvents/RSCConferences/Additives2009/index.asp http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=62&basket=wwsshowconfdets http://www.rsc.org/ConferencesAndEvents/RSCConferences/Additives2009/index.asp d=62&basket=wwsshowconfdets http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=62&basket=wwsshowconfdets index.asp JANUARY 2009 MAY 2009 Jan 19 – 21 World Future Energy Summit May 11 – 13 10th International Conference on Abu Dhabi, UAE Wood & Biofiber Plastic Composites http://www.worldfutureenergysummit.com/ & Cellulose Nanocomposites Symposium Madison, Wisconsin, USA FEBRUARY 2009 http://www.forestprod.org/ http://www.forestprod.org/confcomposites09.html http://www.forestprod.org/confcomposites09.html confcomposites09.html Feb 12 – 13 BioPower Generation Brussels, Belgium May 11 - 15 ACHEMA 2009: 29th International http:// http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/biofuelsmarkets/biopower.html Exhibition-Congress on Chemical http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/biofuelsmarkets/biopower.html Engineering, Environmental www.greenpowerconferences.com/ http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/biofuelsmarkets/biopower.html biofuelsmarkets/biopower.html http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/biofuelsmarkets/biopower.html Protection and Biotechnology Frankfurt am Main, Germany http://www.achema.de 9 Green Chemistry & the Consumer EVENTS NEWS SNIPPETS May 17 – 19 Waste to Fuels Conference and Trade Show San Diego, California PPG Wins R&D 100 Awards For Two http://www.waste-to-fuels.org/ Green Innovations JUNE 2009 PPG Industries, the world's leading manufacturer of transportation coatings, has earned two 2008 R&D Jun 9 - 11 Futuresource - Europe’s 100 Awards, for its Green Logic paint detackifier and Sustainability Event Zircobond pretreatment technology. ExCel, London http://www.futuresourceuk.com/ Green Logic paint detackifier is used to denature and remove over-sprayed paint from the water wash Jun 10 - 12 Renewable Resources and system in automotive paint spray booths. The Biorefineries Conference patented formula, which incorporates chitosan Ghent, Belgium derived from crab, lobster and shrimp shells, provides http://www.rrbconference.com/ an environmentally responsible alternative to detackifiers derived from non-renewable, petroleum- Jun 14 - 16 12th EuCheMS International based raw materials or chemistries containing Conference on Chemistry and the residual-free formaldehyde. Green Logic detackifier Environment helps automakers realize performance gains in paint http://www.chemsoc.se/sidor/KK/icce2009topic.htm Stockholm, Sweden detackification and overall spray booth operations, http://www.chemsoc.se/sidor/KK/icce2009topic.htm http://www.chemsoc.se/sidor/KK/ while offering greater ease of operation and savings http://www.chemsoc.se/sidor/KK/icce2009topic.htm icce2009topic.htm from reduced maintenance, chemical and wastewater treatment, and waste disposal costs. Jun 14 - 17 2nd International Congress on Green Process Engineering, GPE 2009 For more information visit: Venice, Italy http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/ http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS171241+07-Oct-2008+PRN20081007 http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS171241+07-Oct-2008+PRN20081007 http://www.gpe-epic2009.org/ idUS171241+07-Oct-2008+PRN20081007 http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS171241+07-Oct-2008+PRN20081007 June 15 – 16 Green Chemistry and the Consumer Masterclass & Symposium King’s Manor, York, UK firstname.lastname@example.org Resource Efficiency Through Green Chemistry June 21-26 13th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference An Envirowise publication is available which College Park, MD, USA recommends a framework for implementing green www.acs.org/greenchemistry chemistry, and presents examples of how companies have reaped the benefits. SEPTEMBER 2009 Applying green chemistry to products and processes can help your business to: Sep 18 - 20 Hellenic Green Chemistry Network: 3rd Symposium on Green Chemistry - produce less waste and Sustainable Development - consume less materials and energy Thessaloniki, Greece - comply with legislation http://www.chemistry.upatras.gr/hgcn/ Download the guide: Resource Efficiency Through Green Chemistry NOVEMBER 2009 http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/uk/Our-Services/ http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/uk/Our-Services/Publications/GG679-Resource-efficiency-through-green-chemistry.html http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/uk/Our-Services/Publications/GG679-Resource-efficiency-through-green-chemistry.html http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/uk/Our-Services/Publications/GG679-Resource-efficiency-through-green-chemistry.html Publications/GG679-Resource-efficiency-through- http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/uk/Our-Services/Publications/GG679-Resource-efficiency-through-green-chemistry.html http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/uk/Our-Services/Publications/GG679-Resource-efficiency-through-green-chemistry.html Nov 14 – 19 AAIC 21st Annual Meeting - 2009 green-chemistry.html http://www.envirowise.gov.uk/uk/Our-Services/Publications/GG679-Resource-efficiency-through-green-chemistry.html International Conference: The Next Generation of Industrial Crops, Processes, and Products Chillán, Chile http://www.aaic.org/2009_meeting.htm 10 Green Chemistry & the Consumer HELLENIC GREEN CHEMISTRY NETWORK www.chemistry.upatras.gr/hgcn 3rd Symposium Green Chemistry and Sustainable Development 18-20 September 2009, Thessaloniki, Greece Conference Centre N. Germanos Thessaloniki International Exhibition & Congress Centre NEWS SNIPPETS Payless Adds a Shade of Green to Its Danjim's New Shirt Bag Dissolves in Footwear Water Payless ShoeSource is launching a line of shoes BIRMINGHAM, UK -- Danjim Marketing has designed to have a lower impact on the developed shirt packaging that can dissolve when environment. The company will start selling a line of place in hot or cold water, breaking down into non- shoes next year that are made with organic cotton toxic materials. Danjim developed the bag, out of and linen, hemp, recycled rubber and biodegradable polyvinyl alcohol to replace plastic bags made of glues. polypropylene. Source: Source: http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/02/shirt-bag-dissolves-water http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/02/ http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2008/10/15/payless- http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2008/10/15/payless-green-footwear http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/02/shirt-bag-dissolves-water http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2008/10/15/payless-green-footwear shirt-bag-dissolves-water green-footwear http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2008/10/15/payless-green-footwear http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/02/shirt-bag-dissolves-water New MacBooks Made With Fewer DuPont Helps Bioplastic Stand the Heat Materials, Packaging & Chemicals DuPont recently announced its Biomax Thermal 300 Apple’s newest MacBooks are designed to use fewer polymer modifier, which can make polylactic acid materials, come in less packaging and eliminate (PLA) packaging and remain stable at high certain harmful chemicals - no mercury, no PVC, no temperatures. PLA, a biodegradable material that can brominated flame retardants and arsenic-free glass. be made from agricultural sources like cornstarch and Each MacBook accounts for 460 kg of carbon dioxide sugarcane, tends to deform at temperatures higher equivalent emissions, and each MacBook Pro than 55°C, but the addition of the DuPont modifier accounts for 560 kg. can make PLA withstand temperatures as high as 95°C. Source: http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/10/15/ http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/10/15/new-macbooks-fewer-chemicals Source: http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/10/15/new-macbooks-fewer-chemicals new-macbooks-fewer-chemicals http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/10/15/new-macbooks-fewer-chemicals http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/16/ http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/16/dupont-bioplastic-heat http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/16/dupont-bioplastic-heat dupont-bioplastic-heat http://www.greenerdesign.com/news/2008/09/16/dupont-bioplastic-heat 11 Green Chemistry & the Consumer GCN ACTIVITIES Chemical and Industry Education Centre based at the Outreach Activities University of York. Retec, the company behind the touchscreen display element of the project have been inspiring us with their Science and Maths for the 21st Century ideas and support in devising the software behind the screen. Their talented team will provide the graphics, Milthorpe School, York (UK) was the animations and software behind the technology scene of some fascinating combined with advice on how to promote the key ideas limonene extraction from as succinctly as possible. orange peel—by far the best smelling lab activity done to We are grateful to all that have contributed to the date! Students learnt how carbon development of this exciting project so far which should d i o x i d e , normally considered an environmental prove to be a valuable addition to the promotion of foe, could be put to good use in the clean extraction of green chemistry within the context of personal care an important chemical with many applications, as well products. If you are interested in finding out more or as utilising a waste product of the orange have any suggestions for other consumer products juice industry. The phase transitions of which could be incorporated in the associated website carbon dioxide presented a clear visual of ( http://www.greenconsumerproducts.com ), then please bubbling chemistry at its best and students contact Odette Murtland email@example.com were impressed with the results. The event was coordinated with NYBEP Guest Lectures and the Regional Development Agency, Yorkshire Forward to enhance aspects of the Science and Mathematics National Representatives of the GCN have given invited lectures Curriculum by relating them to real life at a series of different events over the past few months context. It also provided an opportunity to including: inform students about opportunities available in those subject areas highlighting how diverse Prof. James Clark gave the opening Plenary lecture at and exciting they are. Jennie Dodson and Odette the 2008 CHEMPOR meeting in Braga, Portugal in Murtland from the Green Chemistry Centre presented September. CHEMPOR is a Portugal-based chemical the activity to students aged 14 to 17 who had a range engineering focussed event which this year brought of prior knowledge. We were able to provide some together over 400 scientists and engineers from over 30 ‘food’ for thought (and chemical extraction!) as well as countries. hands on green chemistry. (http://www.deb.uminho.pt/chempor2008/) James also recently gave invited lectures to Akzo Nobel Discover and Explore Greener Consumer in Newcastle (UK), Imperial College London and a symposium on sustainable development in the building Products industry held in London. (http://www.nnfcc.co.uk/NNFCC/ViewEvent.aspx? http://www.nnfcc.co.uk/NNFCC/ViewEvent.aspx?id=386&tp=ALL&arc=1 This project, funded by the EPSRC, is aimed at http://www.nnfcc.co.uk/NNFCC/ViewEvent.aspx?id=386&tp=ALL&arc=1 id=386&tp=ALL&arc=1) engaging with the general public to increase their awareness of the role of green chemistry in improving James gave a short paper on greener chemical supply the sustainability of consumer products and explore its chains to the annual UK National Non-food Crops positive impact on our lives through an interactive Centre (NNFCC), “Green Supply Chain” symposium. display. The event brought together a diverse range of interested stakeholders, including farmers, industrialists, A successful day was had evaluating a mock-up academics and representatives of government and prototype of the interactive display during a visit to various support agencies. @Bristol Science Centre during the summer holiday period. We had a range of visitors work through the Dr. Fabien Deswarte attended COPENMIND in screens, both young and old, all of whom provided Copenhagen, Denmark (1st-3rd Sept), a global useful feedback for the team to work on. Discussion of cleantech event comprised of three days of exhibition, the content has also been conducted with staff from W5 conference sessions and matchmaking among 125 Science Centre and Queen’s University in Belfast universities and more than 1,500 industry executives. (Northern Ireland), as well as nearer to home with the (http://www.copenmind.com/) 12 Green Chemistry & the Consumer GCN ACTIVITIES Towards Greener Plastics provided an opportunity to Fabien also attended the FP7 Biorefinery event in discover the answers to such questions by hearing the Brussels (15th-16th Sept) and an FP7 Information Day views, opinions and experiences of leading players in in Darlington (30th Sept). FP7 is the Seventh the manufacture, conversion and use of green plastics Framework Programme for research and technology representing the entire packaging supply chain. These development, an instrument for funding research in included a plastics producer, a converter, a brand Europe. (http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/home_en.html) owner, a retailer, and a recycler as well as speakers that represented academia and the European Fabien presented at the Cleaning Products conference technology transfer platform, Suschem. in London (18 Sept) lecturing on ‘Challenges and opportunities green chemistry presents for cleaning For more information, please visit: products.’ This covered an introduction to green www.faradaypackaging.com/230708_towards_greener_ http://www.faradaypackaging.com/230708_towards_greener_plastics chemistry, discussion of greener cleaning products as http://www.faradaypackaging.com/230708_towards_greener_plastics plastics http://www.faradaypackaging.com/230708_towards_greener_plastics well as the various tools that can be used to measure http://www.faradaypackaging.com/230708_towards_greener_plastics the greenness of cleaning products. (http://www.cleaningproductseurope.com/) Together with Dr. Abbas Kazmi, Fabien met with a GCN Representation variety of partners involved in bioenergy through the EU Bioenergy Contractors’ meeting in Brussels (15-16 Oct). As we reported in our last newsletter, the GCN has This proved to be a useful networking event and an been invited by the Government Minister to sit on the opportunity to hear about projects running through FP6 UK Chemical Stakeholders Forum (UK CSF). The and FP7 within the bioenergy field. principal function of the Forum is to advise the UK government on how industry should reduce the risks from hazardous chemicals to the environment and to Conference Report human health through the environment. James has attended the last two CSF meetings on behalf of the GCN. In these meetings, topical issues under The ‘Towards Greener Plastics’ Knowledge Shop was discussion have included options for the prioritisation of held on the 23rd July, 2008 and attended by Dr. Kris substances of highest concern as part of the REACH Milkowski from the Green Chemistry Centre of process and strategies for encouraging substitution of Excellence. The event brought together polymer hazardous chemicals. scientists and industrialists who both have interest in forging new collaborations and learning more about the opportunities and challenges afforded by the sustainability driver within the UK/European polymer Questions from Members community. In the latter half of the 20th century the packaging The question of how much remains of the various fossil industry has relied on petrochemical based polymers. fuel deposits was posed recently to the Green Increasing environmental, political, consumer and legal Chemistry Centre by Bill Sanderson, Consultant to the pressures to find more environmentally friendly Chemical Industry. He queried that 20 years ago, it responses, in conjunction with increased costs for raw was suggested that coal reserves were three times materials and diminishing supply of finite resources, are bigger than any other fuel type, but some modern driving the adoption of green alternatives. figures suggest that they will run out before natural gas – a seemingly bizarre idea. Such estimations would be Switching to green polymers raises a host of important based on current and predicted rates of use which questions that need to be understood by both industry depend on various factors including who does the and academia in order to effect a wider benefit from calculation and what figures they are based on – does their use. this mean there is no definitive answer or do you have an answer? Bill can be contacted directly by email • What are the possible responses by the plastics <firstname.lastname@example.org> or via the GCN industry? (email@example.com). • What are the barriers to adoption? • What are the opportunities and technological challenges involved in adaptation? 13 Green Chemistry & the Consumer News from GCN Members Dr Fabien Deswarte has been a member of the Green Chemistry Group for the past 6 years, having carried out his PhD research under the supervision of Professor James Clark in the area of renewable resources and biorefineries. After completion of his PhD, Fabien applied for the position of Green Chemistry Associate with the Green Chemistry Network after the departure of Dr Jeff Hardy who many of you will remember from the early days. Fabien has worked extremely hard for the GCN and Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence over the past 3 years and has been involved in many activities including GCN symposia, outreach and public understanding activities, research, teaching and project management - in particular with the EU FP7 project, SUSTOIL: http://www.sustoil.org/. Fabien is returning to his native France this Christmas to take up a position as Senior Science and Innovation Officer at the UK Embassy in Paris, working for the UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office's Science and Innovation network. We hope to keep in regular contact with him in his new position and would like to wish him every success for the future. He (and his Gallic charm) will be missed very much by many people and we would like to thank him for all his input to the GCN. CONTACT DETAILS Contact the GCN at: Director: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Professor James Clark email@example.com OR: Administrator: Dr Helen Coombs Green Chemistry Network firstname.lastname@example.org Department of Chemistry University of York Manager: Heslington Louise Summerton York email@example.com YO10 5DD UK Assistant: Odette Murtland firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +44 (0) 1904 434550 Fax: +44 (0) 1904 432705 Graduate Assistant: Jennie Dodson http://www.chemsoc.org/gcn email@example.com The views expressed in this newsletter are not necessarily those of the GCN 14