All other parties to the NPT agree to forgo nuclear weapons but, in return for their temporary unequal status, are granted in Article IV the "inalienable right" to civilian nuclear power, which many of the non-nuclear-weapon states interpret to include fuel-cycle technologies such as uranium enrichment and plutonium separation. Parties to the NPT are required to negotiate a bilateral "safeguards agreement" with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which inspects civilian nuclear facilities to detect-and hence deter-the diversion of nuclear materials to military use.
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