Osteoporosis in Older Men: Feelings of Masculinity and a 'Women's Disease' - PDF by ProQuest


Risk factors for men include the following: history of smoking or alcohol use, low bone mineral density, family history of fracture, low body mass index, smaller stature, older age, low dietary calcium, vitamin D insufficiency, lack of weight-bearing exercise, low testosterone, history of prior fracture, and the use of corticosteroids and certain cancer-related medications (Anderson and Cooper, 1999; Bilezikian, 1999; NOF, 2007; Kirk and Fish, 2004; Nguyen et al., 1996; seeman et al., 2004; Skmenda et al., 1992; Vondracek and Hansen, 2004).

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