Utah's new school voucher law has meant many things to many people. For the thirty-seven percent of our Hispanic and African-American public-school students who do not graduate with a highschool diploma, Utah's voucher law represented a sense of hope and opportunity. For opponents of educational choice, the voucher law is un-American and a threat to democratic values. This article argues that opposition to vouchers is rooted in a disturbing paternalism. This sentiment is emphasized more than any other in opposition to the law and, not coincidently, it has been a central historical theme in the relationships between the federal government and indigenous, immigrant, and religious minority groups. The real solution is to put control of minority children in the hands of minority parents, and then empower minority families to directly decide how their own allocated government revenues will be used. The new school voucher law is about beginning to remedy an ongoing civil rights problem with deep historical roots.