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Bureau of Labor Statistics
Technical information: Household data: (202) 691-6378 http://www.bls.gov/cps/ Establishment data: (202) 691-6555 http://www.bls.gov/ces/ Media contact: (202) 691-5902

United States Department of Labor Washington, D.C. 20212
USDL 09-0117

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until 8:30 A.M. (EST), Friday, February 6, 2009.

THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION: JANUARY 2009 Nonfarm payroll employment fell sharply in January (-598,000) and the unemployment rate rose from 7.2 to 7.6 percent, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today. Payroll employment has declined by 3.6 million since the start of the recession in December 2007; about one-half of this decline occurred in the past 3 months. In January, job losses were large and widespread across nearly all major industry sectors.
Chart 1. Unemployment rate, seasonally adjusted, February 2006 – January 2009
Percent

Chart 2. Nonfarm payroll employment, seasonally adjusted, February 2006 – January 2009
Millions

8.0 7.5

140.0 138.0

7.0 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0
2007 2008 2009

136.0 134.0 132.0 130.0 128.0
2007 2008 2009

Establishment and Household Data Changes The establishment survey data in this release have been revised as a result of the annual benchmarking process and the updating of seasonal adjustment factors. See the note beginning on page 6 for more information on the revisions. In addition, household survey data for January 2009 reflect updated population estimates. See the note on page 7 for more information. Also, January 2009 industry data shown in table A-11 of this release have been converted to the 2007 Census Industry Classification System. Historical data have not been revised.

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Table A. Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted (Numbers in thousands) Quarterly averages Category HOUSEHOLD DATA Civilian labor force …………….…………… 154,650 Employment …………………….………… 145,299 9,350 Unemployment ……………….…………… Not in labor force ………………….………… 79,460 154,648 144,046 10,602 80,177 III 2008 IV 2008 Nov. 2008 Monthly data Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Dec.-Jan. change

Labor force status 154,620 144,144 10,476 80,208 154,447 143,338 11,108 80,588 153,716 142,099 11,616 81,023 (¹) (¹) (¹) (¹)

Unemployment rates All workers ……………….……………....… Adult men …………………....……...…… Adult women ………….…………………… Teenagers ………….………………...…… White ……….………….…...…………… Black or African American ………….…… Hispanic or Latino ethnicity ………..…… ESTABLISHMENT DATA
2

6.0 5.8 5.0 19.7 5.4 10.7 7.8

6.9 6.8 5.6 20.7 6.3 11.5 8.9

6.8 6.7 5.6 20.4 6.2 11.3 8.6 Employment

7.2 7.2 5.9 20.8 6.6 11.9 9.2

7.6 7.6 6.2 20.8 6.9 12.6 9.7

0.4 .4 .3 .0 .3 .7 .5

Nonfarm employment ……….……...……… 137,004 Goods-producing 3…...…...……………… 21,343 Construction ..…...…………….………… 7,170 Manufacturing …………………....…… 13,388 Service-providing 3 ………...……..……… 115,661 Retail trade 4 …...…………….…..…… 15,331 Professional and business service ….....… 17,730 Education and health services …..…….… 18,932 13,452 Leisure and hospitality …...……………. Government ………...…………………… 22,543

p 135,762 p 20,814 p 6,953 p 13,068 p 114,948 p 15,129 p 17,494 p 19,038 p 13,351 p 22,538

135,755 20,814 6,939 13,082 114,941 15,126 17,488 19,044 13,344 22,543

p 135,178 p 20,564 p 6,853 p 12,920 p 114,614 p 15,043 p 17,382 p 19,089 p 13,313 p 22,533

p 134,580 p 20,245 p 6,742 p 12,713 p 114,335 p 14,998 p 17,261 p 19,143 p 13,285 p 22,539

p -598 p -319 p -111 p -207 p -279 p -45 p -121 p 54 p -28 p6

Hours of work 5 Total private ……...…………...…………… Manufacturing …………….……...……… Overtime ……...………………..…….… 33.6 40.8 3.6 p 33.4 p 40.2 p 3.2 33.4 40.2 3.2 p 33.3 p 39.9 p 3.0 p 33.3 p 39.8 p 2.9 p 0.0 p -.1 p -.1

Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100) 5 Total private ……...………………….……… 106.1 p 104.1 104.1 p 103.3 p 102.6 p -0.7

Earnings 5 Average hourly earnings, total private …...… Average weekly earnings, total private …….
1

$18.16 610.90

p $18.34 p 612.66

$18.34 612.56

p $18.41 p 613.05

p $18.46 p 614.72

p $0.05 p 1.67

Changes in household data levels are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls. See the note on page 7 for more information. 2 Establishment data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors. See the note on page 6 for more information. 3 Includes other industries, not shown separately. 4 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using unrounded data. 5 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers. p = preliminary.

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Unemployment (Household Survey Data) Both the number of unemployed persons (11.6 million) and the unemployment rate (7.6 percent) rose in January. Over the past 12 months, the number of unemployed persons has increased by 4.1 million and the unemployment rate has risen by 2.7 percentage points. (See table A-1.) The unemployment rate continued to trend upward in January for adult men (7.6 percent), adult women (6.2 percent), whites (6.9 percent), blacks (12.6 percent), and Hispanics (9.7 percent). The jobless rate for teenagers was unchanged at 20.8 percent. The unemployment rate for Asians was 6.2 percent in January, not seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.) Among the unemployed, the number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs increased to 7.0 million in January. This measure has grown by 3.2 million during the last 12 months. (See table A-8.) The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed at 2.6 million in January. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed was up by 1.3 million. The number of persons unemployed less than 5 weeks rose to 3.7 million in January. (See table A-9.) Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data) The civilian labor force participation rate, at 65.5 percent in January, has edged down in recent months. The employment-population ratio declined by 0.5 percentage point to 60.5 percent over the month, and by 2.4 percentage points over the year. (See table A-1.) The number of persons who worked part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged in January at 7.8 million; however, this measure was up by 3.1 million over the past 12 months. Included in this category are persons who would like to work full time but were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find full-time jobs. (See table A-5.) Persons Not in the Labor Force (Household Survey Data) About 2.1 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) were marginally attached to the labor force in January, about 400,000 more than 12 months earlier. These individuals wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 734,000 discouraged workers in January, up by about 270,000 from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The other 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in January had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-13.) Industry Payroll Employment (Establishment Survey Data) Total nonfarm payroll employment fell sharply (-598,000) in January. Since the recession began in December 2007, 3.6 million jobs have been lost, with about half of the decrease occurring in the last 3 months. In January, employment declined in nearly all major industries, while health care and private education added jobs. (See table B-1.)

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Manufacturing employment fell by 207,000 in January, the largest 1-month decline since October 1982. In January, durable goods manufacturing lost 157,000 jobs, with notable decreases in fabricated metal products (-37,000), motor vehicles and parts (-31,000), and machinery (-22,000). Employment in nondurable goods manufacturing declined by 50,000 over the month. Construction lost 111,000 jobs in January. Employment in the industry has fallen by about 1.0 million since peaking in January 2007. Employment fell across most component industries over the month. The temporary help industry lost 76,000 jobs in January. Since its recent peak in December 2006, temporary help employment has declined by 695,000. Professional and technical services lost 29,000 jobs in January. Retail trade employment fell by 45,000 in January and by 592,000 since a peak in November 2007. In January, employment declined in automobile dealerships (-14,000), building material and garden supply stores (-10,000), department stores (-9,000), and furniture and home furnishing stores (-7,000). Over the month, wholesale trade employment fell by 31,000. Transportation and warehousing lost 44,000 jobs in January and 202,000 since the start of the recession. Most of the decline occurred over the last 5 months. In January, employment fell in truck transportation (-25,000), support activities for transportation (-9,000), and couriers and messengers (-4,000). Employment in financial activities declined by 42,000 over the month and by 388,000 since a peak in December 2006. In January, job losses occurred in securities, commodity contracts, and investments (-15,000) and in credit intermediation (-10,000). Health care employment continued to trend up in January with a gain of 19,000. Employment gains in the industry averaged 30,000 a month in 2008. Employment in private education rose by 33,000 over the month. The change in total nonfarm employment for November was revised from -584,000 to -597,000, and the change for December was revised from -524,000 to -577,000. Monthly revisions result from additional sample reports and the monthly recalculation of seasonal factors. This month, the annual benchmarking process also contributed to these revisions. Weekly Hours (Establishment Survey Data) In January, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory workers on private nonfarm payrolls remained at 33.3 hours, seasonally adjusted. Both the manufacturing workweek and factory overtime decreased by 0.1 hour over the month, to 39.8 and 2.9 hours, respectively. (See table B-2.) The index of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers on nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.7 percent in January. The manufacturing index declined by 2.1 percent over the month. (See table B-5.) Hourly and Weekly Earnings (Establishment Survey Data) In January, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 5 cents, or 0.3 percent, seasonally adjusted. This followed gains of 7 cents in December and 6 cents in

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November. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings increased by 3.9 percent, and average weekly earnings rose by 2.7 percent. (See table B-3.) ______________________________

The Employment Situation for February 2009 is scheduled to be released on Friday, March 6, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).

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Revisions to Establishment Survey Data In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data have been revised to reflect comprehensive universe counts of payroll jobs, or benchmarks. These counts are derived principally from unemployment insurance tax records compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program for March 2008. As a result of the benchmark process, all not seasonally adjusted data series were subject to revision from April 2007 forward, the time period since the last benchmark was established. In addition, with this release, the seasonally adjusted establishment survey data from January 2004 forward were subject to revision due to the introduction of updated seasonal adjustment factors. Table B presents revised total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally adjusted basis for January through December 2008. The revised data for April 2008 forward incorporate the effect of applying the rate of change measured by the sample to the new benchmark level, as well as updated net business birth/death model adjustments and new seasonal adjustment factors. The November and December 2008 revisions also reflect the routine incorporation of additional sample receipts into the November final and December second preliminary estimates. The total nonfarm employment level for March 2008 was revised downward by 89,000 (17,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis). The previously published level for December 2008 was revised downward by 172,000 (311,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis). An article that discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions, as well as all revised historical Current Employment Statistics (CES) data, can be accessed through the CES homepage at http://www.bls.gov/ces/. Information on the revisions released today also may be obtained by calling (202) 691-6555.

Table B. Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2008, seasonally adjusted
(In thousands)

Levels Year and month

Over-the-month changes

As As previously As revised previously As revised Difference published published

2008 January ....................... February ..................... March ......................... April ........................... May ............................ June ............................ July ............................. August ........................ September ................... October ....................... November ................... December p ……...…
p

138,002 137,919 137,831 137,764 137,717 137,617 137,550 137,423 137,020 136,597 136,013 135,489

138,080 137,936 137,814 137,654 137,517 137,356 137,228 137,053 136,732 136,352 135,755 135,178

-76 -83 -88 -67 -47 -100 -67 -127 -403 -423 -584 -524

-72 -144 -122 -160 -137 -161 -128 -175 -321 -380 -597 -577

4 -61 -34 -93 -90 -61 -61 -48 82 43 -13 -53

= preliminary.

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Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey Effective with data for January 2009, updated population estimates have been used in the household survey. Population estimates for the household survey are developed by the U.S. Census Bureau. Each year, the Census Bureau updates the estimates to reflect new information and assumptions about the growth of the population during the decade. The change in population reflected in the new estimates results primarily from adjustments for net international migration, updated vital statistics information, and some methodological changes in the estimation process. In accordance with our usual practice, BLS will not revise the official household survey estimates for December 2008 and earlier months. To show the impact of the population adjustment, however, differences in selected December 2008 labor force series based on the old and new population estimates are shown in table C. The adjustment decreased the estimated size of the civilian noninstitutional population in December by 483,000, the civilian labor force by 449,000, and employment by 407,000; the new population estimates had a negligible impact on unemployment rates and other percentage estimates. Data users are cautioned that these annual population adjustments affect the comparability of household data series over time. Estimates of large levels, such as total labor force and employment are impacted most. Table D shows the effect of the introduction of new population estimates on the changes in selected labor force measures between December 2008 and January 2009. More detailed information on the population adjustments and their effect on national labor force estimates are available at http://www.bls.gov/cps/cps09adj.pdf.

Table C. Effect of the updated population controls on December 2008 estimates by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted (Numbers in thousands) Black or African American -43 -38 -33 -5 .0 Hispanic Asian or Latino ethnicity

Category

Total

Men

Women

White

Civilian noninstitutional population … -483 Civilian labor force ………………… -449 Employed ………………………… -407 Unemployed ……………………… -42 Unemployment rate …………… .0

-295 -289 -260 -28 .0

-188 -160 -146 -14 .0

-242 -267 -239 -28 .0

-170 -121 -116 -6 .0

-319 -264 -238 -27 .0

NOTE: Detail for men and women may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

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Table D. December 2008-January 2009 changes in selected labor force measures, with adjustments for population control effects (Numbers in thousands) Dec.-Jan. change, Dec.-Jan. change, 2009 population after removing the population as published control effect control effect 1

Category

TOTAL Civilian noninstitutional population ……… Civilian labor force ……………………… Participation rate ……………………… Employed ……………………………… Employment-population ratio ………… Unemployed …………………………… Unemployment rate ……………………
1

-296 -731 -.2 -1,239 -.5 508 .4

-483 -449 -.1 -407 .0 -42 .0

187 -282 -.1 -832 -.5 550 .4

This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population control effect from the published overthe-month change.

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Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates Why are there two monthly measures of employment? The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of 107,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys? Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the legal status of workers. Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in either survey. The household survey does include questions about whether respondents were born outside the United States. Data from these questions show that foreign-born workers accounted for 15.7 percent of the labor force in 2007 and 47.7 percent of the net increase in the labor force from 2000 to 2007. Why does the establishment survey have revisions? The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit http://www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm. On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit http://www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms? Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses? Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past

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values of the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment insurance benefits? No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for work? Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
(Numbers in thousands)

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Not seasonally adjusted Employment status, sex, and age
Jan. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted 1
Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

TOTAL
Civilian noninstitutional population ................................. Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ..................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................. Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate ................................................ Not in labor force .......................................................... Persons who currently want a job ............................... 232,616 152,828 65.7 144,607 62.2 8,221 5.4 79,788 4,977 235,035 154,349 65.7 143,350 61.0 10,999 7.1 80,686 5,180 234,739 153,445 65.4 140,436 59.8 13,009 8.5 81,293 5,866 232,616 153,873 66.1 146,317 62.9 7,555 4.9 78,744 4,870 234,360 154,621 66.0 145,029 61.9 9,592 6.2 79,739 5,140 234,612 154,878 66.0 144,657 61.7 10,221 6.6 79,734 5,065 234,828 154,620 65.8 144,144 61.4 10,476 6.8 80,208 5,393 235,035 154,447 65.7 143,338 61.0 11,108 7.2 80,588 5,488 234,739 153,716 65.5 142,099 60.5 11,616 7.6 81,023 5,643

Men, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population ................................. Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ..................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................. Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate ................................................ Not in labor force .......................................................... 112,493 81,656 72.6 76,860 68.3 4,796 5.9 30,837 113,769 82,226 72.3 75,548 66.4 6,678 8.1 31,543 113,573 81,725 72.0 73,763 64.9 7,962 9.7 31,848 112,493 82,408 73.3 78,228 69.5 4,180 5.1 30,085 113,414 82,885 73.1 77,249 68.1 5,636 6.8 30,529 113,546 82,892 73.0 76,938 67.8 5,954 7.2 30,654 113,660 82,666 72.7 76,577 67.4 6,089 7.4 30,994 113,769 82,338 72.4 75,847 66.7 6,491 7.9 31,431 113,573 81,863 72.1 75,092 66.1 6,771 8.3 31,710

Men, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population ................................. Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ..................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................. Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate ................................................ Not in labor force .......................................................... 103,866 78,463 75.5 74,387 71.6 4,075 5.2 25,403 105,083 79,071 75.2 73,088 69.6 5,984 7.6 26,012 104,902 78,741 75.1 71,556 68.2 7,185 9.1 26,162 103,866 78,907 76.0 75,474 72.7 3,433 4.4 24,959 104,741 79,392 75.8 74,503 71.1 4,889 6.2 25,349 104,869 79,380 75.7 74,292 70.8 5,088 6.4 25,489 104,978 79,335 75.6 74,045 70.5 5,290 6.7 25,643 105,083 78,998 75.2 73,285 69.7 5,714 7.2 26,085 104,902 78,585 74.9 72,613 69.2 5,972 7.6 26,318

Women, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population ................................. Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ..................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................. Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate ................................................ Not in labor force .......................................................... 120,123 71,172 59.2 67,747 56.4 3,425 4.8 48,951 121,266 72,122 59.5 67,802 55.9 4,320 6.0 49,143 121,166 71,721 59.2 66,674 55.0 5,047 7.0 49,445 120,123 71,464 59.5 68,089 56.7 3,375 4.7 48,659 120,946 71,735 59.3 67,780 56.0 3,956 5.5 49,210 121,066 71,986 59.5 67,720 55.9 4,267 5.9 49,080 121,168 71,954 59.4 67,567 55.8 4,387 6.1 49,214 121,266 72,109 59.5 67,491 55.7 4,618 6.4 49,157 121,166 71,853 59.3 67,007 55.3 4,845 6.7 49,313

Women, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population ................................. Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ..................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................. Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate ................................................ Not in labor force .......................................................... 111,739 67,913 60.8 64,943 58.1 2,970 4.4 43,826 112,825 69,042 61.2 65,204 57.8 3,838 5.6 43,784 112,738 68,654 60.9 64,123 56.9 4,531 6.6 44,085 111,739 67,982 60.8 65,101 58.3 2,881 4.2 43,757 112,518 68,385 60.8 65,008 57.8 3,377 4.9 44,133 112,633 68,700 61.0 64,975 57.7 3,725 5.4 43,933 112,731 68,753 61.0 64,902 57.6 3,851 5.6 43,978 112,825 68,891 61.1 64,860 57.5 4,031 5.9 43,935 112,738 68,584 60.8 64,298 57.0 4,286 6.2 44,154

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian noninstitutional population ................................. Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ..................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................. Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate ................................................ Not in labor force .......................................................... 17,012 6,452 37.9 5,277 31.0 1,175 18.2 10,560 17,126 6,235 36.4 5,058 29.5 1,177 18.9 10,891 17,098 6,051 35.4 4,758 27.8 1,293 21.4 11,047 17,012 6,984 41.1 5,742 33.8 1,241 17.8 10,028 17,101 6,844 40.0 5,518 32.3 1,326 19.4 10,257 17,110 6,799 39.7 5,390 31.5 1,408 20.7 10,311 17,118 6,531 38.2 5,196 30.4 1,335 20.4 10,587 17,126 6,557 38.3 5,194 30.3 1,363 20.8 10,568 17,098 6,547 38.3 5,188 30.3 1,359 20.8 10,551

1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns. NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
(Numbers in thousands)

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Not seasonally adjusted Employment status, race, sex, and age
Jan. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted 1
Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

WHITE
Civilian noninstitutional population ................................. Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. Not in labor force .......................................................... 188,787 124,577 66.0 118,505 62.8 6,072 4.9 64,210 190,351 125,588 66.0 117,409 61.7 8,179 6.5 64,763 190,225 125,099 65.8 115,320 60.6 9,779 7.8 65,126 188,787 125,362 66.4 119,888 63.5 5,474 4.4 63,425 189,916 125,844 66.3 118,964 62.6 6,880 5.5 64,072 190,085 126,298 66.4 118,722 62.5 7,577 6.0 63,787 190,221 126,029 66.3 118,226 62.2 7,803 6.2 64,193 190,351 125,634 66.0 117,357 61.7 8,277 6.6 64,718 190,225 125,312 65.9 116,692 61.3 8,621 6.9 64,913

Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. 65,098 76.0 62,020 72.4 3,078 4.7 65,424 75.6 60,965 70.5 4,459 6.8 65,218 75.5 59,787 69.2 5,431 8.3 65,480 76.4 62,939 73.5 2,541 3.9 65,718 76.2 62,125 72.0 3,593 5.5 65,792 76.2 61,972 71.8 3,821 5.8 65,762 76.1 61,761 71.5 4,001 6.1 65,331 75.5 61,101 70.7 4,230 6.5 65,126 75.4 60,683 70.2 4,443 6.8

Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. 54,211 60.2 52,081 57.8 2,130 3.9 55,033 60.6 52,199 57.5 2,833 5.1 54,882 60.5 51,494 56.7 3,388 6.2 54,203 60.2 52,162 57.9 2,041 3.8 54,543 60.2 52,233 57.7 2,310 4.2 54,891 60.6 52,178 57.6 2,714 4.9 54,810 60.4 52,014 57.3 2,796 5.1 54,878 60.5 51,846 57.1 3,031 5.5 54,786 60.4 51,601 56.9 3,185 5.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. 5,268 40.4 4,403 33.7 864 16.4 5,131 39.1 4,245 32.4 886 17.3 4,999 38.2 4,039 30.9 960 19.2 5,679 43.5 4,787 36.7 892 15.7 5,583 42.6 4,605 35.2 978 17.5 5,615 42.9 4,572 34.9 1,043 18.6 5,457 41.6 4,451 34.0 1,006 18.4 5,425 41.4 4,409 33.6 1,016 18.7 5,400 41.3 4,408 33.7 993 18.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN
Civilian noninstitutional population ................................. Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. Not in labor force .......................................................... 27,640 17,501 63.3 15,856 57.4 1,645 9.4 10,139 28,059 17,720 63.2 15,649 55.8 2,071 11.7 10,339 28,052 17,629 62.8 15,274 54.4 2,355 13.4 10,423 27,640 17,728 64.1 16,104 58.3 1,624 9.2 9,912 27,939 17,733 63.5 15,709 56.2 2,024 11.4 10,206 27,982 17,768 63.5 15,762 56.3 2,006 11.3 10,214 28,021 17,708 63.2 15,703 56.0 2,005 11.3 10,313 28,059 17,796 63.4 15,674 55.9 2,122 11.9 10,263 28,052 17,791 63.4 15,546 55.4 2,245 12.6 10,261

Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. 7,850 70.7 7,129 64.2 721 9.2 7,981 70.7 6,879 60.9 1,102 13.8 7,962 70.6 6,702 59.4 1,260 15.8 7,917 71.3 7,259 65.4 658 8.3 8,000 71.2 7,049 62.7 952 11.9 7,961 70.7 7,019 62.3 942 11.8 7,954 70.5 6,989 62.0 965 12.1 7,999 70.8 6,930 61.4 1,069 13.4 7,979 70.7 6,850 60.7 1,129 14.1

Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. 8,882 64.0 8,220 59.2 662 7.4 9,031 64.2 8,264 58.7 767 8.5 8,957 63.6 8,121 57.7 836 9.3 8,941 64.4 8,282 59.7 659 7.4 8,931 63.7 8,097 57.8 834 9.3 9,016 64.2 8,213 58.5 804 8.9 9,069 64.5 8,249 58.7 820 9.0 9,060 64.4 8,256 58.7 804 8.9 9,022 64.1 8,194 58.2 828 9.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. 769 29.0 507 19.1 262 34.0 708 26.3 506 18.8 202 28.5 710 26.4 451 16.7 259 36.5 871 32.8 564 21.2 307 35.3 802 29.9 563 21.0 239 29.8 790 29.4 531 19.8 260 32.9 685 25.5 464 17.3 221 32.2 736 27.4 488 18.1 248 33.7 790 29.4 502 18.6 288 36.5

See footnotes at end of table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age — Continued
(Numbers in thousands)

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Not seasonally adjusted Employment status, race, sex, and age
Jan. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted 1
Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

ASIAN
Civilian noninstitutional population ................................. Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. Not in labor force .......................................................... 10,660 7,167 67.2 6,935 65.1 231 3.2 3,493 10,873 7,223 66.4 6,857 63.1 365 5.1 3,651 10,745 7,023 65.4 6,588 61.3 435 6.2 3,722 (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns. 2 Data not available.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
(Numbers in thousands)

Not seasonally adjusted Employment status, sex, and age
Jan. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted 1
Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY
Civilian noninstitutional population ................................. Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. Not in labor force .......................................................... 31,643 21,561 68.1 20,011 63.2 1,550 7.2 10,083 32,649 22,221 68.1 20,129 61.7 2,093 9.4 10,428 32,417 21,868 67.5 19,453 60.0 2,415 11.0 10,549 31,643 21,739 68.7 20,352 64.3 1,387 6.4 9,904 32,369 22,259 68.8 20,506 63.4 1,752 7.9 10,111 32,465 22,187 68.3 20,232 62.3 1,955 8.8 10,278 32,558 22,074 67.8 20,168 61.9 1,906 8.6 10,484 32,649 22,134 67.8 20,096 61.6 2,038 9.2 10,515 32,417 21,931 67.7 19,800 61.1 2,132 9.7 10,486

Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. 12,376 84.0 11,606 78.7 770 6.2 12,752 83.8 11,558 76.0 1,194 9.4 12,524 83.1 11,146 73.9 1,378 11.0

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. 8,107 58.2 7,531 54.1 575 7.1 8,430 58.8 7,765 54.2 665 7.9 8,366 58.7 7,566 53.1 800 9.6

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force ........................................................ Participation rate ....................................................... Employed .................................................................... Employment-population ratio .................................... Unemployed ............................................................... Unemployment rate .................................................. 1,078 36.1 874 29.3 205 19.0 1,039 33.5 805 26.0 234 22.6 978 31.7 741 24.0 238 24.3

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns. 2 Data not available.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
(Numbers in thousands)

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Not seasonally adjusted Educational attainment
Jan. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted
Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

Less than a high school diploma
Civilian labor force .......................................................... Participation rate ......................................................... Employed ...................................................................... Employment-population ratio ...................................... Unemployed ................................................................. Unemployment rate .................................................... 12,340 46.2 11,228 42.0 1,112 9.0 12,136 46.5 10,719 41.1 1,417 11.7 12,192 46.6 10,437 39.9 1,755 14.4 12,274 45.9 11,334 42.4 940 7.7 12,165 47.0 10,977 42.5 1,187 9.8 12,390 48.3 11,106 43.3 1,284 10.4 12,185 47.2 10,899 42.2 1,286 10.6 12,108 46.4 10,793 41.4 1,315 10.9 12,024 45.9 10,577 40.4 1,446 12.0

High school graduates, no college 1
Civilian labor force .......................................................... Participation rate ......................................................... Employed ...................................................................... Employment-population ratio ...................................... Unemployed ................................................................. Unemployment rate .................................................... 38,390 62.9 36,324 59.5 2,066 5.4 38,838 62.7 35,815 57.9 3,023 7.8 39,009 62.9 35,394 57.1 3,616 9.3 38,274 62.7 36,502 59.8 1,772 4.6 38,264 62.4 35,851 58.5 2,413 6.3 38,428 62.6 35,939 58.5 2,489 6.5 38,271 62.3 35,643 58.1 2,628 6.9 38,656 62.5 35,683 57.6 2,972 7.7 38,675 62.4 35,599 57.4 3,075 8.0

Some college or associate degree
Civilian labor force .......................................................... Participation rate ......................................................... Employed ...................................................................... Employment-population ratio ...................................... Unemployed ................................................................. Unemployment rate .................................................... 36,108 71.7 34,679 68.9 1,428 4.0 36,867 71.7 34,819 67.7 2,048 5.6 36,366 71.4 33,870 66.5 2,496 6.9 36,451 72.4 35,120 69.7 1,331 3.7 36,952 71.8 35,053 68.1 1,898 5.1 36,820 71.5 34,867 67.7 1,954 5.3 37,120 71.6 35,077 67.7 2,043 5.5 37,049 72.0 34,969 68.0 2,080 5.6 36,693 72.0 34,433 67.6 2,260 6.2

Bachelor’s degree and higher 2
Civilian labor force .......................................................... Participation rate ......................................................... Employed ...................................................................... Employment-population ratio ...................................... Unemployed ................................................................. Unemployment rate .................................................... 44,633 78.1 43,651 76.4 982 2.2 45,202 77.9 43,619 75.2 1,583 3.5 45,132 77.6 43,269 74.4 1,863 4.1 44,650 78.1 43,711 76.5 939 2.1 45,183 77.6 44,011 75.6 1,172 2.6 45,454 77.7 44,044 75.3 1,410 3.1 45,232 77.7 43,794 75.3 1,438 3.2 45,182 77.9 43,517 75.0 1,665 3.7 45,208 77.8 43,474 74.8 1,735 3.8

1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent. 2 Includes persons with bachelor’s, master’s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-5. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
(In thousands)

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Not seasonally adjusted Category
Jan. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted
Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

CLASS OF WORKER
Agriculture and related industries ................................... Wage and salary workers ............................................. Self-employed workers ................................................. Unpaid family workers .................................................. Nonagricultural industries ............................................... Wage and salary workers ............................................. Government ................................................................ Private industries ........................................................ Private households ................................................... Other industries ........................................................ Self-employed workers ................................................. Unpaid family workers .................................................. 2,032 1,128 886 18 142,575 133,509 20,905 112,604 787 111,817 8,990 76 2,068 1,162 883 23 141,282 132,518 21,415 111,103 782 110,321 8,701 62 1,988 1,106 860 22 138,449 129,888 21,142 108,746 749 107,997 8,520 41 2,205 1,254 931 (1) 144,097 134,764 20,946 113,828 (1) 113,015 9,233 (1) 2,199 1,323 824 (1) 142,851 133,582 21,183 112,407 (1) 111,591 9,178 (1) 2,177 1,313 827 (1) 142,566 133,694 21,539 112,170 (1) 111,279 8,852 (1) 2,206 1,267 915 (1) 141,901 132,983 21,431 111,542 (1) 110,677 8,816 (1) 2,191 1,264 925 (1) 141,047 132,082 21,395 110,684 (1) 109,863 8,940 (1) 2,149 1,233 903 (1) 139,952 131,110 21,237 109,997 (1) 109,217 8,816 (1)

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME 2
All industries: Part time for economic reasons .................................. Slack work or business conditions ........................... Could only find part-time work ................................. Part time for noneconomic reasons ............................ Nonagricultural industries: Part time for economic reasons .................................. Slack work or business conditions ........................... Could only find part-time work ................................. Part time for noneconomic reasons ............................ 5,340 3,857 1,088 19,804 8,250 6,340 1,562 19,719 8,829 6,909 1,593 19,051 4,738 3,222 1,153 19,563 6,292 4,418 1,514 19,275 6,848 4,953 1,514 19,083 7,323 5,399 1,585 18,886 8,038 6,020 1,617 18,922 7,839 5,766 1,667 18,864

5,235 3,789 1,084 19,490

8,110 6,250 1,553 19,405

8,675 6,797 1,583 18,734

4,645 3,152 1,141 19,249

6,167 4,279 1,541 18,930

6,742 4,889 1,499 18,808

7,209 5,304 1,579 18,635

7,932 5,938 1,619 18,642

7,705 5,660 1,658 18,567

1 Data not available. 2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their

jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as vacation, illness, or industrial dispute. Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for

reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather. NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-6. Selected employment indicators
(In thousands)

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Not seasonally adjusted Characteristic
Jan. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted
Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over ................................................. 16 to 19 years ............................................................... 16 to 17 years ............................................................. 18 to 19 years ............................................................. 20 years and over ......................................................... 20 to 24 years ............................................................. 25 years and over ....................................................... 25 to 54 years ........................................................... 25 to 34 years ......................................................... 35 to 44 years ......................................................... 45 to 54 years ......................................................... 55 years and over ..................................................... Men, 16 years and over .................................................. 16 to 19 years ............................................................... 16 to 17 years ............................................................. 18 to 19 years ............................................................. 20 years and over ......................................................... 20 to 24 years ............................................................. 25 years and over ....................................................... 25 to 54 years ........................................................... 25 to 34 years ......................................................... 35 to 44 years ......................................................... 45 to 54 years ......................................................... 55 years and over ..................................................... Women, 16 years and over ............................................ 16 to 19 years ............................................................... 16 to 17 years ............................................................. 18 to 19 years ............................................................. 20 years and over ......................................................... 20 to 24 years ............................................................. 25 years and over ....................................................... 25 to 54 years ........................................................... 25 to 34 years ......................................................... 35 to 44 years ......................................................... 45 to 54 years ......................................................... 55 years and over ..................................................... 144,607 5,277 1,908 3,369 139,330 13,448 125,882 99,592 31,221 33,748 34,623 26,291 76,860 2,473 819 1,654 74,387 7,049 67,338 53,459 17,086 18,162 18,211 13,879 67,747 2,804 1,089 1,714 64,943 6,398 58,544 46,132 14,135 15,586 16,412 12,412 143,350 5,058 1,743 3,314 138,292 13,320 124,972 97,781 30,885 32,731 34,165 27,191 75,548 2,460 797 1,663 73,088 6,760 66,328 52,031 16,784 17,581 17,666 14,297 67,802 2,598 946 1,651 65,204 6,560 58,644 45,750 14,101 15,150 16,499 12,894 140,436 4,758 1,547 3,210 135,679 12,709 122,970 95,921 30,060 32,034 33,827 27,049 73,763 2,207 695 1,512 71,556 6,458 65,098 50,844 16,189 17,226 17,429 14,253 66,674 2,551 853 1,699 64,123 6,250 57,872 45,077 13,871 14,808 16,398 12,795 146,317 5,742 2,120 3,617 140,575 13,793 126,678 100,211 31,577 33,933 34,702 26,467 78,228 2,754 954 1,795 75,474 7,317 68,066 54,040 17,364 18,328 18,348 14,027 68,089 2,988 1,166 1,822 65,101 6,476 58,612 46,172 14,213 15,605 16,354 12,440 145,029 5,518 2,023 3,525 139,511 13,625 125,950 99,086 31,352 33,250 34,485 26,863 77,249 2,746 958 1,797 74,503 7,153 67,365 53,136 17,112 18,001 18,023 14,230 67,780 2,772 1,065 1,728 65,008 6,472 58,585 45,951 14,240 15,249 16,462 12,634 144,657 5,390 1,933 3,469 139,267 13,528 125,833 98,803 31,122 33,176 34,505 27,029 76,938 2,646 895 1,751 74,292 6,974 67,372 53,090 17,064 17,962 18,065 14,282 67,720 2,744 1,038 1,718 64,975 6,553 58,460 45,713 14,058 15,215 16,440 12,747 144,144 5,196 1,791 3,408 138,948 13,443 125,422 98,373 31,070 32,883 34,420 27,049 76,577 2,531 800 1,728 74,045 6,965 67,039 52,740 16,979 17,816 17,944 14,299 67,567 2,665 990 1,680 64,902 6,478 58,383 45,634 14,091 15,067 16,476 12,750 143,338 5,194 1,779 3,413 138,144 13,374 124,748 97,651 30,864 32,691 34,097 27,096 75,847 2,562 847 1,712 73,285 6,863 66,456 52,128 16,789 17,663 17,676 14,328 67,491 2,632 932 1,701 64,860 6,510 58,292 45,523 14,075 15,027 16,421 12,769 142,099 5,188 1,741 3,441 136,911 13,050 123,911 96,693 30,449 32,308 33,936 27,218 75,092 2,479 818 1,654 72,613 6,723 65,879 51,480 16,461 17,452 17,567 14,399 67,007 2,709 923 1,787 64,298 6,327 58,032 45,213 13,988 14,856 16,369 12,819

MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present ......................................... Married women, spouse present .................................... Women who maintain families ........................................ 45,831 35,662 9,032 45,215 35,835 8,987 44,425 35,325 8,751 46,105 35,631 (1) 45,887 35,864 (1) 45,787 35,590 (1) 45,610 35,649 (1) 45,182 35,632 (1) 44,712 35,375 (1)

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers 2 ......................................................... Part-time workers 3 ......................................................... 119,332 25,275 116,422 26,927 113,815 26,621 121,350 25,018 119,661 25,411 119,304 25,452 118,413 25,577 116,865 26,250 115,794 26,200

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders ................................................. Percent of total employed ........................................... 7,398 5.1 7,432 5.2 7,258 5.2 7,585 5.2 7,612 5.2 7,551 5.2 7,410 5.1 7,352 5.1 7,441 5.2

1 Data not available. 2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more

per week. 3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-7. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Characteristic

Number of unemployed persons (in thousands)
Jan. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Unemployment rates 1

Oct. 2008

Nov. 2008

Dec. 2008

Jan. 2009

AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over ................................................. 16 to 19 years ............................................................... 16 to 17 years ............................................................. 18 to 19 years ............................................................. 20 years and over ......................................................... 20 to 24 years ............................................................. 25 years and over ....................................................... 25 to 54 years ........................................................... 25 to 34 years ......................................................... 35 to 44 years ......................................................... 45 to 54 years ......................................................... 55 years and over ..................................................... Men, 16 years and over .................................................. 16 to 19 years ............................................................... 16 to 17 years ............................................................. 18 to 19 years ............................................................. 20 years and over ......................................................... 20 to 24 years ............................................................. 25 years and over ....................................................... 25 to 54 years ........................................................... 25 to 34 years ......................................................... 35 to 44 years ......................................................... 45 to 54 years ......................................................... 55 years and over ..................................................... Women, 16 years and over ............................................ 16 to 19 years ............................................................... 16 to 17 years ............................................................. 18 to 19 years ............................................................. 20 years and over ......................................................... 20 to 24 years ............................................................. 25 years and over ....................................................... 25 to 54 years ........................................................... 25 to 34 years ......................................................... 35 to 44 years ......................................................... 45 to 54 years ......................................................... 55 years and over 2 .................................................. 7,555 1,241 549 687 6,314 1,326 4,994 4,114 1,649 1,259 1,207 870 4,180 747 303 433 3,433 761 2,701 2,237 924 681 632 464 3,375 494 246 254 2,881 565 2,293 1,877 724 578 575 432 11,108 1,363 564 806 9,745 1,843 7,903 6,526 2,490 2,041 1,995 1,409 6,491 777 313 468 5,714 1,137 4,545 3,770 1,510 1,117 1,144 775 4,618 587 251 339 4,031 707 3,358 2,756 981 924 852 583 11,616 1,359 473 868 10,258 1,801 8,490 6,981 2,608 2,255 2,118 1,481 6,771 799 295 488 5,972 1,100 4,892 4,083 1,589 1,231 1,262 809 4,845 559 178 380 4,286 701 3,598 2,898 1,018 1,024 856 729 4.9 17.8 20.6 16.0 4.3 8.8 3.8 3.9 5.0 3.6 3.4 3.2 5.1 21.3 24.1 19.4 4.4 9.4 3.8 4.0 5.1 3.6 3.3 3.2 4.7 14.2 17.4 12.2 4.2 8.0 3.8 3.9 4.8 3.6 3.4 3.4 6.2 19.4 21.7 17.8 5.6 10.8 5.0 5.3 6.2 5.2 4.5 4.2 6.8 21.4 23.2 20.4 6.2 11.9 5.5 5.8 6.9 5.6 5.0 4.5 5.5 17.3 20.3 14.9 4.9 9.4 4.4 4.6 5.3 4.8 3.8 3.9 6.6 20.7 23.1 18.4 6.0 10.6 5.3 5.5 6.7 5.4 4.6 4.6 7.2 24.7 27.3 21.7 6.4 12.9 5.6 5.8 7.1 5.6 4.8 4.7 5.9 16.5 19.2 14.7 5.4 8.1 5.1 5.2 6.3 5.2 4.4 4.3 6.8 20.4 24.1 18.3 6.2 11.1 5.6 5.8 7.0 5.4 5.1 4.8 7.4 24.0 28.8 21.2 6.7 12.9 5.9 6.1 7.5 5.4 5.6 5.1 6.1 16.7 19.7 15.1 5.6 9.2 5.2 5.4 6.4 5.4 4.6 4.3 7.2 20.8 24.1 19.1 6.6 12.1 6.0 6.3 7.5 5.9 5.5 4.9 7.9 23.3 27.0 21.5 7.2 14.2 6.4 6.7 8.3 5.9 6.1 5.1 6.4 18.2 21.2 16.6 5.9 9.8 5.4 5.7 6.5 5.8 4.9 4.3 7.6 20.8 21.4 20.2 7.0 12.1 6.4 6.7 7.9 6.5 5.9 5.2 8.3 24.4 26.5 22.8 7.6 14.1 6.9 7.3 8.8 6.6 6.7 5.3 6.7 17.1 16.2 17.5 6.2 10.0 5.8 6.0 6.8 6.4 5.0 5.4

MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present ......................................... Married women, spouse present .................................... Women who maintain families 2 ..................................... 1,270 1,120 681 2,077 1,672 948 2,330 1,750 1,010 2.7 3.0 7.0 3.9 3.5 8.2 4.1 4.2 8.8 4.2 4.3 9.3 4.4 4.5 9.5 5.0 4.7 10.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers 3 ......................................................... Part-time workers 4 ......................................................... 6,107 1,430 9,537 1,632 10,057 1,646 4.8 5.4 6.3 5.9 6.8 5.7 7.0 5.8 7.5 5.9 8.0 5.9

1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force. 2 Not seasonally adjusted. 3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to

work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs. 4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to

work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs. NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-8. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
(Numbers in thousands)

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Not seasonally adjusted Reason
Jan. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted
Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs On temporary layoff .................................................... Not on temporary layoff .............................................. Permanent job losers .............................................. Persons who completed temporary jobs ................ Job leavers ..................................................................... Reentrants ...................................................................... New entrants .................................................................. 4,608 1,614 2,994 2,110 884 838 2,195 580 6,878 1,675 5,203 4,034 1,169 928 2,523 670 8,633 2,251 6,382 4,923 1,460 920 2,791 665 3,792 1,036 2,755 (1) (1) 828 2,183 672 5,348 1,396 3,952 (1) (1) 982 2,587 822 5,811 1,367 4,443 (1) (1) 946 2,650 825 6,156 1,413 4,744 (1) (1) 940 2,655 760 6,471 1,524 4,946 (1) (1) 1,007 2,777 829 6,980 1,441 5,539 (1) (1) 917 2,751 780

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Total unemployed ........................................................... Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs ............................................................................. On temporary layoff .................................................. Not on temporary layoff ............................................ Job leavers ................................................................... Reentrants .................................................................... New entrants ................................................................ 100.0 56.1 19.6 36.4 10.2 26.7 7.1 100.0 62.5 15.2 47.3 8.4 22.9 6.1 100.0 66.4 17.3 49.1 7.1 21.5 5.1 100.0 50.7 13.9 36.9 11.1 29.2 9.0 100.0 54.9 14.3 40.6 10.1 26.6 8.4 100.0 56.8 13.4 43.4 9.2 25.9 8.1 100.0 58.6 13.4 45.1 8.9 25.3 7.2 100.0 58.4 13.8 44.6 9.1 25.1 7.5 100.0 61.1 12.6 48.5 8.0 24.1 6.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs ............................................................................. Job leavers ................................................................... Reentrants .................................................................... New entrants ................................................................ 3.0 .5 1.4 .4 4.5 .6 1.6 .4 5.6 .6 1.8 .4 2.5 .5 1.4 .4 3.5 .6 1.7 .5 3.8 .6 1.7 .5 4.0 .6 1.7 .5 4.2 .7 1.8 .5 4.5 .6 1.8 .5

1 Data not available. NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-9. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
(Numbers in thousands)

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Not seasonally adjusted Duration
Jan. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted
Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Less than 5 weeks .............................................................................. 5 to 14 weeks ..................................................................................... 15 weeks and over ............................................................................. 15 to 26 weeks ................................................................................ 27 weeks and over .......................................................................... Average (mean) duration, in weeks .................................................... Median duration, in weeks .................................................................. 2,957 2,681 2,583 1,172 1,411 16.6 8.5 3,227 3,390 4,381 1,869 2,512 19.5 10.5 4,137 4,044 4,828 2,086 2,742 18.8 10.0 2,652 2,380 2,477 1,114 1,363 17.5 8.7 2,864 3,083 3,662 1,621 2,041 18.7 10.3 3,108 3,055 4,109 1,834 2,275 19.8 10.6 3,255 3,141 3,964 1,757 2,207 18.9 10.0 3,267 3,398 4,517 1,927 2,591 19.7 10.6 3,658 3,519 4,634 1,987 2,647 19.8 10.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Total unemployed ............................................................................... Less than 5 weeks ............................................................................ 5 to 14 weeks ................................................................................... 15 weeks and over ........................................................................... 15 to 26 weeks ............................................................................... 27 weeks and over ......................................................................... 100.0 36.0 32.6 31.4 14.3 17.2 100.0 29.3 30.8 39.8 17.0 22.8 100.0 31.8 31.1 37.1 16.0 21.1 100.0 35.3 31.7 33.0 14.8 18.1 100.0 29.8 32.1 38.1 16.9 21.2 100.0 30.3 29.7 40.0 17.9 22.1 100.0 31.4 30.3 38.3 17.0 21.3 100.0 29.2 30.4 40.4 17.2 23.2 100.0 31.0 29.8 39.2 16.8 22.4

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table A-10. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)

Employed Occupation
Jan. 2008 Jan. 2009

Unemployed
Jan. 2008 Jan. 2009

Unemployment rates
Jan. 2008 Jan. 2009

Total, 16 years and over 1 ....................................................... Management, professional, and related occupations ............. Management, business, and financial operations occupations ................................................................................ Professional and related occupations ...................................... Service occupations ....................................................................... Sales and office occupations ....................................................... Sales and related occupations .................................................. Office and administrative support occupations ...................... Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations .................................................................................... Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations ............................. Construction and extraction occupations ................................ Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations ................ Production, transportation, and material moving occupations .................................................................................... Production occupations .............................................................. Transportation and material moving occupations .................

144,607 52,165 21,749 30,416 23,366 36,187 16,594 19,592 14,955 905 8,939 5,112 17,934 9,155 8,779

140,436 52,358 21,956 30,402 23,850 34,192 15,773 18,419 13,587 825 7,673 5,089 16,449 7,974 8,474

8,221 1,164 509 655 1,767 1,807 909 898 1,453 111 1,154 188 1,420 633 787

13,009 2,238 1,056 1,182 2,389 2,761 1,323 1,438 2,497 251 1,824 422 2,432 1,265 1,167

5.4 2.2 2.3 2.1 7.0 4.8 5.2 4.4 8.9 11.0 11.4 3.5 7.3 6.5 8.2

8.5 4.1 4.6 3.7 9.1 7.5 7.7 7.2 15.5 23.3 19.2 7.7 12.9 13.7 12.1

1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total. NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-11. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Industry and class of worker
Jan. 2008

Number of unemployed persons (in thousands)
Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008

Unemployment rates

Jan. 2009

Total, 16 years and over 1 .................................................... Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers .................... Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction ......................... Construction .................................................................................. Manufacturing ............................................................................... Durable goods ............................................................................ Nondurable goods ..................................................................... Wholesale and retail trade ......................................................... Transportation and utilities ......................................................... Information ..................................................................................... Financial activities ........................................................................ Professional and business services ......................................... Education and health services .................................................. Leisure and hospitality ................................................................ Other services ............................................................................... Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers ...... Government workers ..................................................................... Self employed and unpaid family workers .................................

8,221 6,720 28 1,099 837 454 383 1,120 271 169 285 893 576 1,176 264 113 471 338

13,009 10,787 59 1,744 1,711 1,157 554 1,794 522 232 571 1,445 792 1,487 431 245 652 659

5.4 5.6 4.0 11.0 5.1 4.4 6.4 5.4 4.4 5.1 3.0 6.4 2.9 9.4 4.4 9.5 2.2 3.3

8.5 9.0 7.0 18.2 10.9 11.2 10.3 8.7 8.4 7.4 6.0 10.4 3.8 11.5 7.1 18.7 3.0 6.5

1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total. NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2009 data, industries reflect the introduction of the 2007 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey. This industry classification system is derived from the 2007 North American Industry Classification System. No historical data have been revised.

Table A-12. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
(Percent)

Not seasonally adjusted Measure
Jan. 2008 U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force ..................................................................... U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force .............................................. U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate) ................................................. U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers ........................... U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other marginally attached workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all marginally attached workers ................................ U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached workers, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all marginally attached workers Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted
Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008 Jan. 2009

1.7

2.8

3.1

1.6

2.4

2.7

2.6

2.9

3.0

3.0

4.5

5.6

2.5

3.5

3.8

4.0

4.2

4.5

5.4

7.1

8.5

4.9

6.2

6.6

6.8

7.2

7.6

5.7

7.5

8.9

5.2

6.5

6.9

7.1

7.6

8.0

6.4

8.3

9.7

6.0

7.2

7.6

7.9

8.3

8.8

9.9

13.5

15.4

9.0

11.2

12.0

12.6

13.5

13.9

NOTE: Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are

those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. For more information, see "BLS introduces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA Table A-13. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)

HOUSEHOLD DATA

Total Category
Jan. 2008 Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008

Men
Jan. 2009 Jan. 2008

Women
Jan. 2009

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE
Total not in the labor force .................................................................. Persons who currently want a job ...................................................... Marginally attached to the labor force 1 ........................................ Reason not currently looking: Discouragement over job prospects 2 .................................. Reasons other than discouragement 3 ................................. 79,788 4,977 1,729 467 1,262 81,293 5,866 2,130 734 1,396 30,837 2,212 841 277 564 31,848 2,725 1,124 465 659 48,951 2,765 888 190 698 49,445 3,141 1,006 269 737

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders 4 .................................................................. Percent of total employed ............................................................... Primary job full time, secondary job part time ................................. Primary and secondary jobs both part time .................................... Primary and secondary jobs both full time ...................................... Hours vary on primary or secondary job ......................................... 7,398 5.1 4,126 1,631 229 1,369 7,258 5.2 3,937 1,684 232 1,376 3,652 4.8 2,221 496 163 748 3,572 4.8 2,081 526 156 795 3,746 5.5 1,905 1,135 67 621 3,687 5.5 1,856 1,158 75 580

1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week. 2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination. 3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as

well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined. 4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately. NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail (In thousands) Not seasonally adjusted Industry Jan. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Jan. 2009p Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Seasonally adjusted Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Jan. 2009p Change from: Dec. 2008Jan. 2009 p

Total nonfarm ............................. 135,840 136,882 135,947 132,341 138,080 136,732 136,352 135,755 135,178 134,580 Total private ........................................ 113,590 113,852 113,045 109,920 115,689 114,197 113,813 113,212 112,645 112,041 Goods-producing ............................................ Mining and logging ................................................... Logging ........................................................... Mining .................................................................... Oil and gas extraction ........................................ Mining, except oil and gas 1................................. Coal mining ...................................................... Support activities for mining .............................. Construction ............................................................. Construction of buildings ................................... Residential building ......................................... Nonresidential building .................................... Heavy and civil engineering construction ........ Specialty trade contractors ............................... Residential specialty trade contractors ........... Nonresidential specialty trade contractors ..... Manufacturing ........................................................... Production workers ....................................... Durable goods ....................................................... Production workers ....................................... Wood products ................................................... Nonmetallic mineral products ............................ Primary metals .................................................... Fabricated metal products ................................. Machinery ........................................................... Computer and electronic products 1.................... Computer and peripheral equipment ............. Communications equipment ........................... Semiconductors and electronic components . Electronic instruments ..................................... Electrical equipment and appliances ................ Transportation equipment 1.................................. Motor vehicles and parts 2................................. Furniture and related products .......................... Miscellaneous manufacturing ............................ 21,402 730 57.8 672.5 154.0 213.7 77.3 304.8 7,053 1,665.6 851.7 813.9 893.6 4,494.0 2,021.5 2,472.5 13,619 9,824 8,640 6,149 483.6 470.9 451.3 1,552.5 1,187.9 1,255.5 182.8 128.0 440.7 440.5 426.1 1,670.3 937.2 507.0 635.0 20,997 799 58.3 741.1 167.9 233.2 84.8 340.0 7,058 1,609.1 793.6 815.5 969.4 4,479.7 1,946.2 2,533.5 13,140 9,375 8,254 5,775 431.0 456.4 430.4 1,494.5 1,167.6 1,234.9 181.8 129.9 424.0 438.7 418.4 1,541.0 817.1 449.2 630.7 4,886 3,600 1,503.0 195.7 140.8 144.4 187.7 32.7 437.5 578.6 117.1 841.2 707.5 20,474 786 56.2 729.9 169.2 224.6 85.1 336.1 6,742 1,572.2 772.8 799.4 898.6 4,271.1 1,852.6 2,418.5 12,946 9,194 8,125 5,656 416.2 435.8 421.0 1,467.9 1,157.6 1,228.6 181.2 129.5 419.3 438.2 413.1 1,519.9 798.3 441.9 622.8 4,821 3,538 1,483.2 193.0 136.6 142.4 181.6 32.7 436.2 569.3 113.9 837.0 694.7 19,648 767 54.4 712.6 168.6 216.0 84.0 328.0 6,306 1,473.5 719.9 753.6 827.2 4,004.8 1,729.0 2,275.8 12,575 8,879 7,863 5,435 394.6 415.3 412.0 1,419.7 1,121.0 1,214.5 180.5 129.4 410.7 435.3 407.6 1,446.6 736.4 425.1 606.1 4,712 3,444 1,449.8 189.3 133.4 137.7 173.0 32.2 427.0 555.7 109.5 830.7 673.7 21,981 748 59.0 689.1 155.0 224.7 77.5 309.4 7,489 1,728.8 887.2 841.6 1,001.7 4,758.4 2,144.7 2,613.7 13,744 9,930 8,710 6,209 492.7 487.5 452.0 1,560.0 1,192.3 1,258.9 183.5 128.5 441.4 442.0 428.1 1,686.2 951.2 512.6 639.6 5,034 3,721 1,489.5 198.3 162.2 152.1 207.0 34.3 452.7 614.8 115.8 857.2 750.0 21,247 794 56.5 737.7 166.3 230.2 82.5 341.2 7,131 1,625.0 806.5 818.5 960.2 4,545.4 2,000.1 2,545.3 13,322 9,543 8,392 5,898 446.4 460.2 441.1 1,519.4 1,183.1 1,246.5 182.8 129.2 431.0 442.5 422.6 1,572.6 839.7 470.3 629.4 4,930 3,645 1,484.3 199.3 147.5 145.5 197.3 34.3 441.9 587.6 117.9 844.3 729.7 21,063 794 56.6 737.7 166.5 230.5 83.1 340.7 7,066 1,609.9 795.6 814.3 952.6 4,503.9 1,975.5 2,528.4 13,203 9,425 8,300 5,805 438.8 458.2 438.6 1,505.0 1,179.3 1,239.8 182.4 128.6 428.4 440.2 421.3 1,531.3 829.7 458.8 628.5 4,903 3,620 1,484.7 197.2 145.6 144.5 192.8 33.9 439.7 582.3 117.8 843.4 721.1 20,814 793 56.6 736.8 167.4 230.7 84.3 338.7 6,939 1,588.4 781.7 806.7 942.5 4,408.5 1,921.6 2,486.9 13,082 9,322 8,216 5,741 429.8 450.1 429.8 1,486.3 1,162.7 1,233.3 181.8 129.5 423.2 438.8 417.5 1,532.5 809.6 449.6 624.2 4,866 3,581 1,489.0 196.4 140.6 143.5 187.1 32.6 437.1 574.1 117.2 842.6 705.9 20,564 791 55.7 735.2 169.3 229.5 84.6 336.4 6,853 1,575.3 770.3 805.0 934.5 4,342.8 1,884.5 2,458.3 12,920 9,178 8,099 5,636 418.1 442.1 421.3 1,461.2 1,152.6 1,225.6 181.0 128.9 418.1 437.8 412.7 1,505.4 785.4 441.5 618.4 4,821 3,542 1,478.9 196.1 137.5 141.9 182.9 32.7 435.3 566.5 116.8 837.7 694.6 20,245 790 55.8 734.0 168.8 229.4 85.0 335.8 6,742 1,534.6 750.0 784.6 931.5 4,275.6 1,843.8 2,431.8 12,713 9,002 7,942 5,505 404.5 436.7 412.8 1,424.5 1,130.8 1,216.8 181.7 128.4 412.2 435.5 409.3 1,464.5 754.1 430.1 611.9 4,771 3,497 1,473.2 194.7 134.4 139.6 178.7 32.5 429.3 558.8 113.9 835.3 680.1

-598 -604 -319 -1 .1 -1.2 -.5 -.1 .4 -.6 -111 -40.7 -20.3 -20.4 -3.0 -67.2 -40.7 -26.5 -207 -176 -157 -131 -13.6 -5.4 -8.5 -36.7 -21.8 -8.8 .7 -.5 -5.9 -2.3 -3.4 -40.9 -31.3 -11.4 -6.5 -50 -45 -5.7 -1.4 -3.1 -2.3 -4.2 -.2 -6.0 -7.7 -2.9 -2.4 -14.5

Nondurable goods ................................................. 4,979 Production workers ....................................... 3,675 Food manufacturing ........................................... 1,469.4 Beverages and tobacco products ...................... 193.6 Textile mills ......................................................... 160.5 Textile product mills ........................................... 151.1 Apparel ................................................................ 200.6 Leather and allied products ............................... 34.0 Paper and paper products ................................. 452.7 Printing and related support activities ............... 609.8 Petroleum and coal products ............................. 111.1 Chemicals ........................................................... 853.0 Plastics and rubber products ............................. 743.2

See footnotes at the end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail (In thousands) Not seasonally adjusted Industry Jan. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Jan. 2009p Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008 Continued

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Seasonally adjusted Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Jan. 2009p Change from: Dec. 2008Jan. 2009 p

Service-providing .............................................. 114,438 115,885 115,473 112,693 116,099 115,485 115,289 114,941 114,614 114,335 Private service-providing ............................... Trade, transportation, and utilities ........................... 92,188 26,510 92,855 26,439 5,906.6 3,008.5 2,045.3 852.8 92,571 26,485 5,865.5 2,986.8 2,028.9 849.8 90,272 25,502 5,768.5 2,942.7 1,982.7 843.1 93,708 26,717 6,033.9 3,113.5 2,073.3 847.1 92,950 26,257 5,947.2 3,047.2 2,044.1 855.9 92,750 26,157 5,920.1 3,026.1 2,040.5 853.5 92,398 26,005 5,890.3 3,004.9 2,033.6 851.8 92,081 25,858 5,854.2 2,981.7 2,025.2 847.3 91,796 25,740 5,823.2 2,962.3 2,012.7 848.2

-279 -285 -118 -31.0 -19.4 -12.5 .9 -45.1 -14.1 -13.5 -7.1 .0 -9.7 4.7 -2.1 -1.5 1.4 -3.0 -8.3 -8.6 -3.7 -1.7 -43.7 -.3 .8 -1.3 -24.9 -2.0 -.1 -.1 -8.6 -4.4 -2.8 1.5 -21 -7.4 -7.4 -1.4 -3.8 .2 -1.3 -42 -28.0 -.3 -10.4 -3.3 -3.0 -15.1 -2.5 .3 -13.9 -7.7 -6.3 .1

Wholesale trade .................................................... 5,982.7 Durable goods .................................................... 3,094.8 Nondurable goods .............................................. 2,045.5 Electronic markets and agents and brokers ..... 842.4

Retail trade ............................................................ 15,458.2 15,503.2 15,599.9 14,867.7 15,571.7 15,278.2 15,216.8 15,126.0 15,043.3 14,998.2 Motor vehicle and parts dealers 1........................ 1,870.7 1,763.3 1,729.8 1,698.1 1,901.2 1,818.4 1,792.7 1,770.5 1,745.3 1,731.2 Automobile dealers ......................................... 1,224.5 1,118.7 1,090.3 1,071.0 1,238.4 1,164.8 1,141.7 1,121.2 1,098.3 1,084.8 Furniture and home furnishings stores ............. 568.9 537.6 538.9 510.4 564.7 538.4 532.4 522.6 515.4 508.3 Electronics and appliance stores ....................... 551.4 561.4 561.6 538.3 551.0 547.1 545.1 541.5 538.9 538.9 Building material and garden supply stores ...... 1,214.4 1,218.9 1,197.5 1,162.6 1,277.5 1,248.4 1,245.9 1,235.8 1,228.4 1,218.7 Food and beverage stores ................................. 2,854.2 2,869.2 2,868.2 2,827.1 2,870.3 2,846.5 2,851.9 2,843.5 2,837.0 2,841.7 Health and personal care stores ....................... 1,013.0 1,000.9 1,009.1 990.7 1,013.0 998.9 995.9 989.4 991.6 989.5 Gasoline stations ................................................ 843.1 835.7 833.4 824.8 853.4 834.8 836.1 836.9 834.4 832.9 Clothing and clothing accessories stores ......... 1,497.1 1,546.1 1,592.3 1,443.4 1,500.3 1,478.5 1,471.5 1,462.2 1,448.2 1,449.6 Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores ................................................................ 681.4 669.9 683.7 634.2 666.2 641.6 641.2 633.1 627.1 624.1 General merchandise stores 1............................. 3,071.8 3,186.2 3,271.5 3,005.7 3,067.8 3,045.8 3,025.5 3,024.5 3,024.5 3,016.2 Department stores .......................................... 1,619.3 1,640.8 1,700.4 1,512.4 1,602.8 1,541.9 1,523.9 1,517.5 1,513.3 1,504.7 Miscellaneous store retailers ............................. 847.3 854.9 853.0 807.7 863.5 844.3 845.0 838.3 826.9 823.2 Nonstore retailers ............................................... 444.9 459.1 460.9 424.7 442.8 435.5 433.6 427.7 425.6 423.9 Transportation and warehousing .......................... 4,514.5 Air transportation ................................................ 499.0 Rail transportation .............................................. 229.7 Water transportation ........................................... 65.1 Truck transportation ........................................... 1,391.5 Transit and ground passenger transportation ... 429.6 Pipeline transportation ....................................... 40.3 Scenic and sightseeing transportation .............. 22.2 Support activities for transportation ................... 584.0 Couriers and messengers .................................. 582.8 Warehousing and storage .................................. 670.3 Utilities ................................................................... 554.9 4,465.9 479.5 228.5 61.8 1,368.7 426.7 43.1 24.4 584.2 572.0 677.0 563.2 2,970 867.0 384.8 314.5 1,010.5 258.0 135.0 8,028 5,945.7 21.4 2,685.8 1,803.2 1,349.2 844.2 2,303.3 91.0 2,082.0 1,455.4 598.5 28.1 4,456.1 476.4 228.5 61.2 1,346.6 426.1 43.2 23.5 581.3 601.0 668.3 563.4 2,954 862.7 379.7 310.9 1,007.5 256.8 136.0 8,010 5,926.4 21.1 2,679.4 1,805.6 1,351.2 840.6 2,294.3 91.0 2,083.4 1,460.2 594.7 28.5 4,301.8 472.9 228.5 58.8 1,286.8 418.8 42.8 21.3 561.6 556.9 653.4 564.2 2,893 844.6 356.9 304.1 1,002.5 251.7 133.3 7,908 5,878.6 20.8 2,664.4 1,799.9 1,346.5 822.6 2,280.3 90.5 2,029.4 1,421.4 580.0 28.0 4,554.4 503.5 231.7 67.6 1,418.4 419.1 40.3 29.0 589.9 581.5 673.4 556.8 3,022 897.6 374.6 320.2 1,032.1 265.7 131.7 8,229 6,069.8 22.1 2,784.8 1,825.4 1,359.5 861.5 2,311.6 89.8 2,159.4 1,494.9 636.1 28.4 4,471.3 483.2 227.6 64.5 1,378.1 414.4 43.1 27.1 589.5 572.9 670.9 560.5 2,986 876.6 381.7 313.0 1,021.6 259.6 133.6 8,115 5,994.3 22.3 2,722.4 1,814.8 1,359.0 851.4 2,307.6 90.6 2,120.6 1,474.5 617.7 28.4 4,456.9 482.1 229.5 63.9 1,370.3 413.8 43.3 27.1 588.0 570.5 668.4 562.8 2,982 872.6 388.7 312.9 1,014.5 258.9 134.1 8,088 5,978.7 22.1 2,706.4 1,811.1 1,356.0 847.8 2,311.0 91.4 2,109.0 1,471.2 609.7 28.1 4,424.4 481.6 229.0 62.6 1,358.0 411.7 43.2 27.2 582.2 565.7 663.2 564.0 2,965 863.6 385.0 313.1 1,010.2 257.5 135.1 8,043 5,948.7 21.5 2,692.8 1,806.9 1,352.7 842.1 2,300.9 91.4 2,093.8 1,461.7 603.8 28.3 4,396.7 478.6 229.3 61.8 1,343.5 411.1 43.2 27.5 579.4 562.6 659.7 564.2 2,941 858.8 376.0 308.4 1,005.0 256.5 136.0 8,016 5,926.4 21.3 2,682.6 1,806.1 1,352.4 840.0 2,291.9 90.6 2,089.1 1,459.9 600.8 28.4 4,353.0 478.3 230.1 60.5 1,318.6 409.1 43.1 27.4 570.8 558.2 656.9 565.7 2,920 851.4 368.6 307.0 1,001.2 256.7 134.7 7,974 5,898.4 21.0 2,672.2 1,802.8 1,349.4 824.9 2,289.4 90.9 2,075.2 1,452.2 594.5 28.5

Information ................................................................ 3,000 Publishing industries, except Internet ............... 894.2 Motion picture and sound recording industries . 362.4 Broadcasting, except Internet ............................ 318.9 Telecommunications .......................................... 1,030.7 Data processing, hosting and related services . 263.2 Other information services ................................. 131.0 Financial activities .................................................... Finance and insurance .......................................... Monetary authorities - central bank ................... Credit intermediation and related activities 1....... Depository credit intermediation 1..................... Commercial banking .................................... Securities, commodity contracts, investments .. Insurance carriers and related activities ........... Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles ........ Real estate and rental and leasing ....................... Real estate .......................................................... Rental and leasing services ............................... Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets ......... 8,166 6,045.8 21.9 2,775.5 1,821.5 1,356.1 857.0 2,302.1 89.3 2,120.0 1,468.2 623.8 28.0

See footnotes at the end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail (In thousands) Not seasonally adjusted Industry Jan. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Jan. 2009p Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008 Continued

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Seasonally adjusted Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Jan. 2009p Change from: Dec. 2008Jan. 2009 p

Professional and business services ........................ Professional and technical services 1..................... Legal services .................................................. Accounting and bookkeeping services ........... Architectural and engineering services .......... Computer systems design and related services .......................................................... Management and technical consulting services .......................................................... Management of companies and enterprises ....... Administrative and waste services ....................... Administrative and support services 1................. Employment services 1...................................... Temporary help services ............................. Business support services .............................. Services to buildings and dwellings ............... Waste management and remediation services

17,674 7,844.0 1,159.6 1,066.8 1,429.8 1,418.5 977.4 1,892.8 7,936.7 7,582.9 3,220.8 2,396.7 825.5 1,681.4 353.8

17,590 7,820.2 1,158.2 892.7 1,435.8 1,475.9 1,032.9 1,882.5 7,886.9 7,522.7 2,998.2 2,214.8 831.8 1,832.6 364.2

17,405 7,846.6 1,160.6 953.1 1,417.8 1,476.7 1,030.3 1,874.9 7,683.6 7,323.3 2,883.3 2,101.8 833.8 1,744.3 360.3

16,895 7,796.4 1,144.6 1,031.2 1,384.0 1,462.4 1,017.1 1,866.6 7,232.1 6,873.9 2,571.7 1,840.5 809.6 1,656.8 358.2

18,069 7,819.7 1,169.8 965.9 1,452.0 1,425.7 990.8 1,903.5 8,345.5 7,985.1 3,420.3 2,558.5 828.1 1,859.4 360.4

17,675 7,834.4 1,160.2 945.6 1,441.4 1,461.6 1,021.0 1,887.1 7,953.2 7,591.9 3,049.8 2,264.2 818.1 1,843.3 361.3

17,612 7,844.0 1,160.2 946.4 1,437.1 1,466.1 1,022.9 1,882.8 7,884.8 7,522.0 2,987.7 2,218.9 820.8 1,837.4 362.8

17,488 7,827.7 1,157.7 941.0 1,428.6 1,467.9 1,024.9 1,882.0 7,778.3 7,414.2 2,896.7 2,128.5 823.7 1,829.4 364.1

17,382 7,807.3 1,158.2 936.3 1,421.1 1,467.7 1,022.3 1,872.1 7,702.5 7,340.9 2,828.6 2,054.7 818.9 1,828.2 361.6

17,261 7,778.7 1,156.9 928.1 1,411.5 1,464.2 1,033.3 1,874.7 7,607.7 7,242.9 2,739.6 1,978.3 817.4 1,826.4 364.8

-121 -28.6 -1.3 -8.2 -9.6 -3.5 11.0 2.6 -94.8 -98.0 -89.0 -76.4 -1.5 -1.8 3.2 54 32.6 20.7 19.3 10.5 7.0 .6 .2 8.2 .6 -1.6 1.4 1.6 -28 -1.7 3.5 .1 -5.3 -26.8 -18.1 -8.7 -9 -.1 -6.5 -1.7 6 15 8.0 6.5 -6 1.2 -6.8 -3 2.8 -5.7

Education and health services ................................ 18,488 19,255 19,246 19,019 18,613 18,957 18,981 19,044 19,089 19,143 Educational services ............................................. 2,907.0 3,238.9 3,188.4 3,028.3 2,990.7 3,055.1 3,047.3 3,066.0 3,070.7 3,103.3 Health care and social assistance ........................ 15,581.0 16,016.3 16,057.1 15,991.0 15,622.6 15,901.9 15,934.1 15,977.8 16,018.5 16,039.2 Health care 3......................................................... 13,102.0 13,468.5 13,503.3 13,451.6 13,139.8 13,376.0 13,401.2 13,442.4 13,476.2 13,495.5 Ambulatory health care services 1.................... 5,554.4 5,744.3 5,758.6 5,730.7 5,575.0 5,699.5 5,706.1 5,727.7 5,741.9 5,752.4 Offices of physicians .................................... 2,229.7 2,297.0 2,305.4 2,295.8 2,234.7 2,279.0 2,283.3 2,289.8 2,294.3 2,301.3 Outpatient care centers ................................ 523.8 538.8 537.1 535.0 524.9 534.8 536.6 536.9 536.8 537.4 Home health care services .......................... 933.6 980.0 982.1 976.0 937.4 966.8 968.6 975.6 979.8 980.0 Hospitals .......................................................... 4,564.8 4,698.0 4,706.8 4,695.9 4,574.0 4,668.9 4,681.9 4,692.4 4,702.8 4,711.0 Nursing and residential care facilities 1............ 2,982.8 3,026.2 3,037.9 3,025.0 2,990.8 3,007.6 3,013.2 3,022.3 3,031.5 3,032.1 Nursing care facilities ................................... 1,609.6 1,618.4 1,622.8 1,614.1 1,613.5 1,608.9 1,611.0 1,614.5 1,618.9 1,617.3 Social assistance 1................................................ 2,479.0 2,547.8 2,553.8 2,539.4 2,482.8 2,525.9 2,532.9 2,535.4 2,542.3 2,543.7 Child day care services ................................... 864.8 875.9 875.4 871.6 860.6 862.5 862.3 863.2 864.7 866.3 Leisure and hospitality ............................................. 12,905 13,087 13,014 12,663 13,534 13,428 13,395 13,344 13,313 13,285 Arts, entertainment, and recreation ...................... 1,767.9 1,800.9 1,798.9 1,733.6 1,992.8 1,955.3 1,952.0 1,944.0 1,947.6 1,945.9 Performing arts and spectator sports ................ 367.8 386.7 388.4 367.4 411.7 402.9 402.5 398.8 403.3 406.8 Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks ...... 121.3 126.4 123.8 119.7 132.9 130.6 129.6 130.6 130.8 130.9 Amusements, gambling, and recreation ........... 1,278.8 1,287.8 1,286.7 1,246.5 1,448.2 1,421.8 1,419.9 1,414.6 1,413.5 1,408.2 Accommodation and food services ...................... 11,137.3 11,286.5 11,215.4 10,929.5 11,540.9 11,472.4 11,442.7 11,399.6 11,365.7 11,338.9 Accommodation .................................................. 1,798.2 1,761.8 1,738.8 1,690.7 1,890.8 1,841.3 1,827.9 1,812.1 1,797.0 1,778.9 Food services and drinking places .................... 9,339.1 9,524.7 9,476.6 9,238.8 9,650.1 9,631.1 9,614.8 9,587.5 9,568.7 9,560.0 Other services .......................................................... 5,445 Repair and maintenance .................................... 1,226.6 Personal and laundry services .......................... 1,298.8 Membership associations and organizations .... 2,919.7 Government .............................................................. Federal ................................................................... Federal, except U.S. Postal Service ................. U.S. Postal Service ............................................ State government .................................................. State government education .............................. State government, excluding education ............ Local government .................................................. Local government education ............................. Local government, excluding education ........... 22,250 2,713 1,959.3 753.8 5,047 2,244.4 2,802.8 14,490 8,157.0 6,333.4 5,486 1,197.4 1,317.5 2,971.2 23,030 2,779 2,045.7 733.3 5,365 2,559.7 2,805.5 14,886 8,422.7 6,463.2 5,457 1,180.9 1,320.7 2,955.5 22,902 2,781 2,044.0 737.1 5,294 2,494.2 2,800.1 14,827 8,407.1 6,419.5 5,392 1,172.0 1,294.3 2,925.8 22,421 2,777 2,040.8 736.5 5,105 2,313.4 2,791.6 14,539 8,168.0 6,371.1 5,524 1,247.1 1,319.4 2,957.3 22,391 2,737 1,977.7 759.7 5,157 2,339.7 2,817.7 14,497 8,050.1 6,446.4 5,532 1,221.2 1,333.9 2,977.1 22,535 2,771 2,034.3 736.5 5,192 2,373.3 2,818.9 14,572 8,075.4 6,496.4 5,535 1,216.4 1,330.1 2,988.3 22,539 2,775 2,043.5 731.9 5,194 2,372.8 2,820.7 14,570 8,071.6 6,498.3 5,509 1,204.7 1,323.2 2,980.7 22,543 2,783 2,052.4 730.1 5,197 2,380.3 2,816.4 14,563 8,067.6 6,495.6 5,482 1,193.4 1,322.8 2,965.3 22,533 2,777 2,056.2 721.1 5,193 2,378.6 2,814.3 14,563 8,067.8 6,495.4 5,473 1,193.3 1,316.3 2,963.6 22,539 2,792 2,064.2 727.6 5,187 2,379.8 2,807.5 14,560 8,070.6 6,489.7

Includes other industries, not shown separately. Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts. 3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing
2

1

and residential care facilities. p = preliminary. NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2. Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers1 on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

Not seasonally adjusted
Industry

Seasonally adjusted Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008 Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Jan. 2009p Change from: Dec. 2008Jan. 2009 p 0.0 -.1 .1 .0 -.1 -.1 -.2 -.2 .5 -.5 -.1 -.3 -.3 .3 -.5 -.6 -1.6 .2 .2 .1 -.1 .3 .4 .2 .0 .0 -.6 -.1 -.5 .0 .2 .0 .0 .0 .3 .0 .0 -.4 .2 .2 .2 .0 -.2 .0

Jan. 2008

Nov. 2008

Dec. 2008p

Jan. 2009p

Total private ....................................... Goods-producing .......................................... Mining and logging ................................................. Construction ............................................................ Manufacturing ......................................................... Overtime hours ............................................ Durable goods ..................................................... Overtime hours ............................................ Wood products .................................................. Nonmetallic mineral products ......................... Primary metals .................................................. Fabricated metal products .............................. Machinery .......................................................... Computer and electronic products ................ Electrical equipment and appliances ............ Transportation equipment ............................... Motor vehicles and parts 2 .............................. Furniture and related products ....................... Miscellaneous manufacturing ......................... Nondurable goods ............................................... Overtime hours ............................................ Food manufacturing ......................................... Beverages and tobacco products .................. Textile mills ........................................................ Textile product mills ......................................... Apparel ............................................................... Leather and allied products ............................ Paper and paper products .............................. Printing and related support activities ........... Petroleum and coal products .......................... Chemicals .......................................................... Plastics and rubber products .......................... Private service-providing ............................. Trade, transportation, and utilities ....................... Wholesale trade ................................................... Retail trade ........................................................... Transportation and warehousing ...................... Utilities ................................................................... Information ............................................................... Financial activities .................................................. Professional and business services .................... Education and health services ............................. Leisure and hospitality ........................................... Other services .........................................................
1 Data

33.3 40.0 45.1 37.9 40.9 3.9 41.2 3.9 38.2 41.1 42.5 41.5 43.0 40.1 41.4 42.6 42.1 37.9 38.9 40.4 3.7 40.1 39.6 38.7 38.5 36.4 37.9 44.0 38.2 43.6 41.6 41.1 32.0 32.8 37.9 29.7 36.0 42.8 35.9 35.4 34.1 32.5 24.5 30.5

33.7 39.8 46.0 37.9 40.5 3.4 40.5 3.2 37.7 41.1 40.9 41.1 41.7 41.7 40.8 40.8 39.9 37.0 38.5 40.3 3.6 40.4 38.4 38.0 38.1 36.5 34.0 42.5 38.7 45.1 41.6 40.8 32.5 33.0 38.6 29.7 36.4 42.7 37.4 36.7 35.3 32.7 25.0 30.9

33.2 39.4 44.1 37.2 40.3 3.2 40.5 3.1 36.8 40.5 40.7 40.6 41.6 41.2 40.8 41.6 40.7 38.0 38.6 40.0 3.3 40.1 36.5 37.3 37.7 36.1 35.4 42.5 38.6 44.6 41.2 40.5 32.0 32.9 37.7 29.9 36.5 43.0 36.9 35.8 34.6 32.3 24.5 30.5

32.9 38.8 43.6 37.1 39.4 2.6 39.5 2.5 36.2 39.1 40.2 39.6 40.7 40.4 38.9 40.1 37.8 37.3 38.5 39.3 2.9 39.6 36.4 36.6 36.9 35.6 33.6 41.4 37.2 45.1 41.0 39.7 31.8 32.5 37.7 29.2 35.7 42.5 36.8 35.9 34.4 32.3 23.9 30.4

33.7 40.5 45.6 38.8 41.1 4.1 41.5 4.2 39.2 42.3 42.6 41.8 42.9 40.4 41.4 42.7 42.3 38.5 39.1 40.6 4.0 40.5 40.3 38.9 38.7 36.7 38.3 44.0 38.3 43.9 41.6 41.1 32.4 33.3 38.3 30.2 36.6 43.2 36.3 35.7 34.7 32.6 25.3 30.7

33.6 39.9 44.5 38.3 40.5 3.5 40.6 3.4 38.4 41.9 41.8 40.9 42.1 40.8 41.0 40.9 40.9 37.4 38.7 40.2 3.6 40.3 38.2 38.9 38.1 35.9 37.5 42.4 38.3 45.2 41.3 40.7 32.3 33.2 38.1 30.1 36.4 42.7 36.9 36.0 34.8 32.5 25.2 30.7

33.5 39.8 44.7 38.3 40.4 3.5 40.6 3.4 38.1 41.8 41.4 40.8 41.8 40.8 40.4 41.3 40.6 37.4 38.9 40.2 3.6 40.3 38.1 38.4 37.9 36.3 36.9 42.2 38.3 45.2 41.5 40.6 32.3 33.1 38.2 29.9 36.3 42.5 36.9 35.9 34.9 32.5 25.1 30.7

33.4 39.5 45.3 37.7 40.2 3.2 40.4 3.1 37.6 40.9 40.9 40.8 41.4 41.3 40.2 40.9 40.0 37.2 38.5 39.9 3.4 39.9 37.9 37.7 37.9 36.2 34.4 42.1 38.2 44.4 41.3 40.6 32.2 33.0 38.1 29.8 36.1 42.4 37.0 36.1 34.9 32.4 25.0 30.7

33.3 39.4 44.3 37.9 39.9 3.0 40.0 2.9 36.8 40.9 40.4 40.2 41.2 40.4 39.8 40.9 39.9 37.4 38.4 39.6 3.2 39.7 36.8 37.0 37.2 36.1 35.0 41.8 38.1 45.3 41.0 40.0 32.2 32.9 37.8 29.7 36.3 43.0 37.0 36.0 34.8 32.4 24.9 30.6

33.3 39.3 44.4 37.9 39.8 2.9 39.8 2.7 37.3 40.4 40.3 39.9 40.9 40.7 39.3 40.3 38.3 37.6 38.6 39.7 3.1 40.0 37.2 37.2 37.2 36.1 34.4 41.7 37.6 45.3 41.2 40.0 32.2 32.9 38.1 29.7 36.3 42.6 37.2 36.2 35.0 32.4 24.7 30.6

relate to production workers in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls. 2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor

vehicle parts. p = preliminary. NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers1 on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

Average hourly earnings Industry Jan. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Jan. 2009p Jan. 2008

Average weekly earnings Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Jan. 2009p

Total private ....................................... Seasonally adjusted ..................... Goods-producing .......................................... Mining and logging ................................................. Construction ............................................................ Manufacturing ......................................................... Durable goods ..................................................... Wood products .................................................. Nonmetallic mineral products ......................... Primary metals .................................................. Fabricated metal products .............................. Machinery .......................................................... Computer and electronic products ................ Electrical equipment and appliances ............ Transportation equipment ............................... Furniture and related products ....................... Miscellaneous manufacturing ......................... Nondurable goods ............................................... Food manufacturing ......................................... Beverages and tobacco products .................. Textile mills ........................................................ Textile product mills ......................................... Apparel ............................................................... Leather and allied products ............................ Paper and paper products .............................. Printing and related support activities ........... Petroleum and coal products .......................... Chemicals .......................................................... Plastics and rubber products .......................... Private service-providing ............................. Trade, transportation, and utilities ....................... Wholesale trade ................................................... Retail trade ........................................................... Transportation and warehousing ...................... Utilities ................................................................... Information ............................................................... Financial activities .................................................. Professional and business services .................... Education and health services ............................. Leisure and hospitality ........................................... Other services .........................................................

$17.81 17.77 18.92 21.99 21.25 17.55 18.45 13.93 16.98 20.05 16.77 17.75 20.48 15.68 23.39 14.38 14.91 16.00 13.89 19.68 13.29 11.67 11.44 12.78 18.82 16.51 26.41 19.43 15.59 17.53 15.99 20.01 12.77 18.06 28.64 24.48 19.95 20.70 18.60 10.74 15.74

$18.40 18.34 19.65 23.31 22.32 17.94 18.92 14.58 16.85 19.98 17.21 18.18 21.37 15.74 24.37 14.77 15.42 16.35 14.17 19.98 13.69 11.59 11.35 13.61 18.89 16.86 28.28 19.77 16.13 18.10 16.26 20.41 12.85 18.69 28.96 25.03 20.54 21.97 19.10 10.93 16.24

$18.41 18.41 19.76 23.55 22.54 18.06 19.06 14.66 16.74 20.05 17.40 18.15 21.42 15.90 24.58 14.91 15.63 16.44 14.26 19.95 13.82 11.71 11.38 13.47 19.13 17.01 28.17 19.75 16.30 18.09 16.14 20.33 12.74 18.64 29.28 24.86 20.48 22.02 19.24 11.06 16.27

$18.49 18.46 19.65 23.55 22.28 18.05 19.04 14.65 16.76 19.68 17.25 18.16 21.44 15.79 24.86 14.99 15.64 16.48 14.31 20.18 13.93 11.60 11.37 13.36 19.13 16.82 29.17 19.84 16.23 18.23 16.36 20.43 12.96 18.67 29.20 24.81 20.47 22.21 19.29 10.98 16.34

$593.07 598.85 756.80 991.75 805.38 717.80 760.14 532.13 697.88 852.13 695.96 763.25 821.25 649.15 996.41 545.00 580.00 646.40 556.99 779.33 514.32 449.30 416.42 484.36 828.08 630.68 1,151.48 808.29 640.75 560.96 524.47 758.38 379.27 650.16 1,225.79 878.83 706.23 705.87 604.50 263.13 480.07

$620.08 612.56 782.07 1,072.26 845.93 726.57 766.26 549.67 692.54 817.18 707.33 758.11 891.13 642.19 994.30 546.49 593.67 658.91 572.47 767.23 520.22 441.58 414.28 462.74 802.83 652.48 1,275.43 822.43 658.10 588.25 536.58 787.83 381.65 680.32 1,236.59 936.12 753.82 775.54 624.57 273.25 501.82

$611.21 613.05 778.54 1,038.56 838.49 727.82 771.93 539.49 677.97 816.04 706.44 755.04 882.50 648.72 1,022.53 566.58 603.32 657.60 571.83 728.18 515.49 441.47 410.82 476.84 813.03 656.59 1,256.38 813.70 660.15 578.88 531.01 766.44 380.93 680.36 1,259.04 917.33 733.18 761.89 621.45 270.97 496.24

$608.32 614.72 762.42 1,026.78 826.59 711.17 752.08 530.33 655.32 791.14 683.10 739.11 866.18 614.23 996.89 559.13 602.14 647.66 566.68 734.55 509.84 428.04 404.77 448.90 791.98 625.70 1,315.57 813.44 644.33 579.71 531.70 770.21 378.43 666.52 1,241.00 913.01 734.87 764.02 623.07 262.42 496.74

1 See p=

footnote 1, table B-2. preliminary.

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4. Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers1 on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted
Percent change from: Dec. 2008-p Jan. 2009

Industry

Jan. 2008

Sept. 2008

Oct. 2008

Nov. 2008

Dec. 2008p

Jan. 2009p

Total private: Current dollars ................................................ Constant (1982) dollars 2 ................................. Goods-producing .......................................................... Mining and logging ................................................................. Construction ............................................................................ Manufacturing ......................................................................... Excluding overtime 4 ..................................................... Durable goods ..................................................................... Nondurable goods ............................................................... Private service-providing ............................................. Trade, transportation, and utilities ....................................... Wholesale trade ................................................................... Retail trade ........................................................................... Transportation and warehousing ...................................... Utilities ................................................................................... Information ............................................................................... Financial activities .................................................................. Professional and business services .................................... Education and health services ............................................. Leisure and hospitality ........................................................... Other services .........................................................................

$17.77 8.27 19.00 21.83 21.38 17.52 16.69 18.45 15.93 17.46 16.00 19.97 12.80 18.11 28.62 24.40 19.99 20.58 18.56 10.68 15.79

$18.21 8.21 19.48 23.08 22.09 17.81 17.07 18.74 16.28 17.90 16.20 20.20 12.91 18.47 28.86 24.90 20.43 21.47 19.04 10.90 16.20

$18.28 8.34 19.56 23.03 22.17 17.89 17.15 18.84 16.35 17.97 16.23 20.22 12.89 18.58 28.91 24.99 20.43 21.63 19.08 10.92 16.24

$18.34 8.55 19.63 23.28 22.28 17.94 17.25 18.91 16.37 18.03 16.29 20.29 12.93 18.66 28.91 24.94 20.41 21.78 19.13 10.90 16.29

$18.41 8.66 19.70 23.29 22.44 17.96 17.31 18.93 16.39 18.11 16.31 20.28 12.94 18.68 29.13 24.90 20.51 21.97 19.22 10.94 16.32

$18.46 N.A. 19.73 23.28 22.41 18.01 17.38 19.01 16.43 18.16 16.36 20.37 12.98 18.74 29.14 24.77 20.52 22.09 19.24 10.95 16.40

0.3
(3)

.2 .0 -.1 .3 .4 .4 .2 .3 .3 .4 .3 .3 .0 -.5 .0 .5 .1 .1 .5

footnote 1, table B-2. and one-half. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers N.A. = not available. p = preliminary. (CPI-W) is used to deflate this series. 3 Change was 1.3 percent from Nov. 2008 to Dec. 2008, the latest month available. NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels 4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
2 The

1 See

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers1 on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
(2002=100)

Not seasonally adjusted Industry Jan. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Jan. 2009p Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008

Seasonally adjusted Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Percent Jan. change from: 2009p Dec. 2008Jan. 2009 p 102.6 88.6 140.2 97.7 82.2 82.3 65.3 81.9 76.2 90.3 92.3 96.0 82.4 75.4 56.2 64.6 85.8 81.8 98.7 90.4 39.9 64.5 49.6 61.5 78.3 78.7 93.5 91.5 78.4 106.7 99.9 105.5 96.6 103.3 99.5 98.7 106.5 110.7 117.3 106.4 98.2 -0.7 -2.0 .8 -1.9 -2.1 -2.8 -2.5 -2.7 -2.7 -3.5 -2.9 -.4 -2.0 -4.6 -8.5 -2.6 -.5 -1.0 .3 .9 -2.0 -1.5 -3.1 -2.5 -2.1 -2.5 -4.4 -.2 -2.4 -.4 -.7 .0 -.4 -1.2 -.8 -.7 .0 -.3 .3 -.9 -.1

Total private ....................................... 104.0 Goods-producing .......................................... 96.4

105.8 93.8 147.2 103.2 87.1 87.9 70.9 88.0 81.7 98.0 97.9 101.1 87.8 81.4 64.4 67.0 88.0 85.5 101.8 92.6 43.2 68.0 53.4 61.5 81.8 84.4 101.0 93.6 83.3 109.1 103.5 108.9 100.4 106.6 99.4 101.7 108.9 114.2 118.9 105.9 99.3

103.3 89.8 137.6 95.7 85.0 86.1 66.7 81.7 78.9 95.0 96.5 98.7 86.3 81.4 63.9 67.5 87.2 83.4 99.6 87.2 40.8 66.3 51.0 64.1 81.5 82.1 94.0 91.8 80.9 107.1 103.4 105.5 101.8 106.7 100.0 99.9 105.8 110.5 117.5 103.2 97.3

99.2 84.2 132.5 88.2 80.3 80.7 61.8 74.5 75.8 89.3 90.8 94.9 81.1 73.9 53.9 63.4 84.7 79.7 96.0 85.0 39.2 62.6 47.5 59.5 77.1 77.1 87.3 90.5 76.6 103.4 97.8 103.3 94.3 100.4 98.7 97.0 104.8 106.0 116.2 97.7 95.8

107.5 100.8 136.7 112.4 93.7 96.8 84.4 95.7 90.6 105.4 105.4 101.8 89.8 96.5 81.9 81.3 91.9 89.0 101.5 92.0 51.9 72.1 59.6 71.6 86.7 89.3 100.3 95.7 90.4 109.7 105.4 110.4 102.3 109.4 98.9 100.2 107.8 115.9 114.4 110.7 99.2

105.8 95.3 141.2 105.3 88.7 90.0 74.7 90.1 86.2 99.6 100.9 100.2 88.6 83.5 68.1 71.7 89.1 86.3 100.4 91.7 46.7 68.8 55.7 71.6 82.2 84.8 104.7 93.8 86.8 108.5 103.3 108.1 100.1 106.9 99.0 100.7 107.9 113.3 116.4 109.7 99.6

105.0 93.9 140.6 104.1 87.4 88.5 72.7 89.6 84.7 98.1 99.6 99.3 87.3 81.0 66.3 69.7 89.0 85.7 100.4 91.4 45.3 68.3 54.9 69.3 81.5 83.9 102.8 94.0 85.1 108.2 102.4 108.0 98.9 106.1 98.8 100.8 107.4 112.9 116.5 109.0 99.7

104.1 92.0 143.2 100.5 86.0 87.1 70.5 86.3 81.5 96.6 96.7 99.7 86.1 81.0 63.9 67.4 87.1 84.2 99.3 91.6 42.6 67.5 52.7 62.0 80.9 82.5 98.6 93.4 82.9 107.5 101.4 107.0 97.9 104.5 98.7 100.2 107.3 112.0 116.6 108.2 99.1

103.3 90.4 139.1 99.6 84.0 84.7 67.0 84.2 78.3 93.6 95.1 96.4 84.1 79.0 61.4 66.3 86.2 82.6 98.4 89.6 40.7 65.5 51.2 63.1 80.0 80.7 97.8 91.7 80.3 107.1 100.6 105.5 97.0 104.6 100.3 99.4 106.5 111.0 117.0 107.4 98.3

Mining and logging ................................................. 131.1 Construction ............................................................ 102.5 Manufacturing ......................................................... 92.2

Durable goods ..................................................... 95.2 Wood products .................................................. 80.4 Nonmetallic mineral products ......................... 89.3 Primary metals .................................................. 90.2 Fabricated metal products .............................. 104.0 Machinery .......................................................... 105.3 Computer and electronic products ................ 100.9 Electrical equipment and appliances ............ 89.4 Transportation equipment ............................... 95.1 Motor vehicles and parts 2 .............................. 80.0 Furniture and related products ....................... 79.0 Miscellaneous manufacturing ......................... 90.6 Nondurable goods ............................................... Food manufacturing ......................................... Beverages and tobacco products .................. Textile mills ........................................................ Textile product mills ......................................... Apparel ............................................................... Leather and allied products ............................ Paper and paper products .............................. Printing and related support activities ........... Petroleum and coal products .......................... Chemicals .......................................................... Plastics and rubber products .......................... 87.5 99.0 87.2 51.2 70.8 57.3 70.3 86.5 88.4 95.0 95.3 89.4

Private service-providing ............................. 106.3 Trade, transportation, and utilities ....................... 102.9 Wholesale trade ................................................... 108.2 Retail trade ........................................................... 99.9

Transportation and warehousing ...................... 106.6 Utilities ................................................................... Information ............................................................... 97.6 98.4

Financial activities .................................................. 105.9 Professional and business services .................... 111.0 Education and health services ............................. 113.3 Leisure and hospitality ........................................... 101.9 Other services ......................................................... 97.0

footnote 1, table B-2. motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts. p = preliminary. NOTE: The index of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current months estimates of aggregate hours by the
2 Includes

1 See

corresponding 2002 annual average levels. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment. Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6. Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers1 on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
(2002=100)

Not seasonally adjusted
Industry

Seasonally adjusted Jan. 2008 Sept. 2008 Oct. 2008 Nov. 2008 Dec. 2008p Percent Jan. change from: 2009p Dec. 2008Jan. 2009 p 126.6 107.0 189.8 118.3 96.8 97.7 95.0 132.8 116.6 126.6 107.5 122.8 121.0 121.1 135.1 145.5 148.4 132.3 117.3 -0.3 -1.9 .7 -2.0 -1.9 -2.4 -.7 -.2 -.3 .5 -.1 -1.0 -.7 -1.1 .0 .3 .4 -.9 .3

Jan. 2008

Nov. 2008

Dec. 2008p

Jan. 2009p

Total private ....................................... 123.8 Goods-producing .......................................... 111.7 Mining and logging ................................................. 167.7 Construction ............................................................ 117.6 Manufacturing ......................................................... 105.8 Durable goods ..................................................... 109.6 Nondurable goods ............................................... 98.9

130.0 112.8 199.5 124.4 102.2 103.8 98.8 135.4 120.1 131.0 110.6 126.4 120.2 126.1 138.3 149.3 149.3 131.4 117.5

127.1 108.7 188.4 116.5 100.4 102.4 96.9 132.8 119.1 126.4 111.2 126.2 122.2 122.9 134.0 144.7 148.6 129.6 115.4

122.6 101.3 181.5 106.1 94.8 95.9 92.9 129.3 114.2 124.4 104.7 118.9 120.3 119.1 132.6 140.1 147.3 121.8 114.1

127.6 117.2 173.5 129.8 107.3 111.5 100.2 131.3 120.3 129.9 112.2 125.7 118.1 121.0 133.2 141.9 139.6 134.3 114.2

128.7 113.7 189.5 125.6 103.3 105.3 99.3 133.2 119.3 128.7 110.8 125.2 119.3 124.1 136.2 144.7 145.7 135.8 117.5

128.3 112.5 188.3 124.7 102.2 104.1 99.1 133.4 118.6 128.6 109.2 125.1 119.3 124.7 135.6 145.3 146.2 135.2 117.9

127.6 110.6 193.9 120.9 100.9 102.9 97.4 132.8 117.9 127.9 108.5 123.7 119.1 123.8 135.4 145.1 146.7 133.9 117.6

127.0 109.1 188.5 120.7 98.7 100.1 95.7 133.0 117.0 126.0 107.6 124.0 121.9 122.5 135.1 145.1 147.8 133.5 116.9

Private service-providing ............................. 127.8 Trade, transportation, and utilities ....................... 117.4 Wholesale trade ................................................... 127.5 Retail trade ........................................................... 109.3 Transportation and warehousing ...................... 122.1 Utilities ................................................................... 116.6 Information ............................................................... 119.3 Financial activities .................................................. 130.6 Professional and business services .................... 136.7 Education and health services ............................. 138.5 Leisure and hospitality ........................................... 124.2 Other services ......................................................... 111.2

footnote 1, table B-2. preliminary. NOTE: The index of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current months estimates of aggregate payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels. Aggregate
p=

1 See

payroll estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment. Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Diffusion indexes of employment change
(Percent) Time span

ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Private nonfarm payrolls, 271 industries 1 Over 1-month span:
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... p 52.6 64.9 53.5 42.1 25.3 60.1 62.2 55.5 40.6 54.1 63.8 52.4 44.1 58.1 59.8 49.4 41.1 56.8 49.1 55.9 42.6 58.3 51.8 48.3 36.9 58.5 59.2 50.7 37.6 59.2 55.4 46.5 39.1 54.2 55.7 55.9 34.7 55.9 56.3 57.2 33.0 62.7 59.4 59.4 27.1 57.6 60.7 57.9 p 25.5

Over 3-month span:
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 ......................................................... 51.7 ......................................................... 67.7 ......................................................... 62.5 ......................................................... 57.7 ......................................................... p 22.9 57.2 68.6 54.8 44.8 59.0 65.1 54.2 40.2 59.8 65.1 54.8 39.7 57.9 60.5 54.1 37.3 62.0 58.9 50.4 33.6 60.5 55.5 52.8 33.6 62.9 57.0 48.7 32.8 60.3 55.0 53.3 34.9 55.5 54.4 53.9 33.2 56.3 59.0 58.3 26.9 62.7 64.2 62.5 p 24.4

Over 6-month span:
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... p 55.4 64.6 60.3 56.6 23.4 57.9 63.8 57.2 53.0 58.1 67.5 60.5 50.7 57.0 66.2 58.3 47.4 58.3 65.5 55.5 40.2 60.9 66.6 56.5 33.4 63.1 60.3 52.8 31.0 63.3 61.1 52.4 33.4 61.6 57.9 56.6 30.6 59.6 57.9 54.4 29.0 61.4 62.4 56.8 26.0 62.5 59.0 59.0 p 26.0

Over 12-month span:
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 ......................................................... 60.9 ......................................................... 67.2 ......................................................... 63.3 ......................................................... 54.4 ......................................................... p 25.5 60.9 65.5 59.4 56.1 60.0 65.9 61.1 52.6 59.2 62.9 59.6 49.1 58.3 65.5 59.2 50.2 60.3 66.8 58.3 47.8 61.3 64.8 56.8 43.7 63.3 64.4 57.2 42.3 60.7 66.6 59.4 38.0 59.2 65.9 58.9 37.8 59.8 64.9 58.1 32.3 61.8 66.2 59.6 p 28.4

Manufacturing payrolls, 83 industries 1

Over 1-month span:
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... p 36.7 57.8 44.6 30.7 7.8 46.4 49.4 41.0 28.9 42.2 53.6 30.7 37.3 46.4 47.0 24.7 32.5 40.4 37.3 38.0 40.4 33.7 50.6 32.5 25.3 41.0 49.4 43.4 25.9 43.4 42.2 30.7 27.7 45.8 40.4 39.2 22.9 47.6 42.8 42.8 18.7 44.6 41.0 60.8 15.1 47.0 44.0 48.2 p 13.3

Over 3-month span:
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 ......................................................... 36.7 ......................................................... 56.6 ......................................................... 40.4 ......................................................... 48.8 ......................................................... p 8.4 43.4 57.2 33.1 33.7 41.0 48.2 33.1 28.3 41.6 48.2 28.9 29.5 35.5 44.6 29.5 26.5 36.1 50.0 30.1 22.9 34.9 43.4 31.9 19.9 36.7 45.2 28.9 16.9 42.2 36.7 30.7 22.3 44.0 33.1 30.7 21.1 38.6 35.5 39.2 15.1 48.8 39.2 51.2 p 11.4

Over 6-month span:
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... ......................................................... p 33.7 45.2 37.3 34.3 7.8 39.8 45.2 33.1 30.1 38.0 50.6 29.5 37.3 36.1 48.8 28.9 35.5 35.5 50.6 30.7 25.3 34.9 50.0 34.9 20.5 39.8 45.2 28.9 17.5 36.1 47.0 26.5 18.1 36.1 43.4 29.5 16.9 38.0 42.2 28.3 13.3 36.7 39.8 33.7 11.4 39.8 34.3 38.0 p 9.6

Over 12-month span:
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 ......................................................... 45.2 ......................................................... 44.0 ......................................................... 39.8 ......................................................... 27.7 ......................................................... p 7.8 44.0 41.0 36.7 28.9 42.2 41.0 37.3 25.9 41.0 39.8 30.7 25.3 36.7 39.8 28.9 30.7 35.5 45.2 29.5 27.1 32.5 42.2 30.7 24.7 34.3 42.8 28.9 19.3 33.1 47.0 33.1 21.7 33.7 48.8 28.9 21.7 33.7 45.8 34.3 16.9 38.0 44.6 35.5 p 15.7

1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, and 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span. p = preliminary. NOTE: Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing

plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment. Data have been revised to reflect March 2008 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


				
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