Chapter 12 Southern Europe by lifemate


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The chapter starts on pg. 297. Do the usual…

Section 1
 1. Basin
 2. Marine west coast climate (p. 47)
 3. Steppe climate (p. 48)
Permanent crop
 4. Empire
 5. Colony
Standard of living
 6. Unified culture
 7. Multicultural
 8. Constitutional monarchy
 9. Principality
10. Parliamentary democracy

Section 2
11. Enclave
12. Spine
Mediterranean climate (p. 47)
Hydroelectric Power
13. Renaissance
14. Roman Empire
15. Roman Catholic Christianity
16. Pope

Section 3
17. Mainland
18. Service industry
19. Merchant marine (fleet)
20. Eastern Orthodox Christianity
21. Democracy
                                                         G12 Chapter Packet Name _____________________

Lecture Notes

Spain, Portugal, Andorra, Monaco, Italy, San Marino, Vatican City, Malta

I. Iberian Peninsula: Spain, Portugal, Andorra
         A. Place: Landforms
                 1. Pyrenees, Meseta is 2/3 of Peninsula, Sierra Nevada
         B. Location: SW Europe with coasts on Bay of Biscay, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea; connected to France

        C. Spain, capital Madrid
                1. Place
                          a. Rivers: Tagus, Douro, Guadalquivir start in Meseta, empty into Atlantic; Ebro starts in Meseta,
                          empties into Mediterranean
                          b. 80% urban
                          c. very late supper: 9 or 10 at night!
                          d. History
                                   i. long history of seafaring and exploration, empire building
                                   ii. Spanish spoken in Central, South America b/c Spain conquered, colonized there
                                   iii. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain funded Columbus’s explorations to the
                                   New World
                          e. Cultural diffusion: Don Quixote, a great novel; Pablo
                          Picasso, a respected 20th Century artist
                          f. Cultural regions: Castile, Catalonia, Galicia, Andalusia, Basque
                3. Human-Environment Interaction
                          a. Economy
                                   i. farming, fishing, wine, cork, tourism, manufacturing
                                   ii. olives—Spain is world’s leading producer of olive oil

        D. Portugal, capital Lisbon
                1. Human-Environment Interaction/Movement
                        a. Economy: one of lowest standards of living in Europe, poor, subsistence agriculture with some
                        tourism, textile industry
                        b. 65% rural
                        c. History of sea exploration b/c of proximity (nearness) to ocean
                                  i. Brazil first colonized by Portuguese; still speaks Portuguese today
                                  ii. Prince Henry the Navigator a Portuguese prince who trained and funded explorers

E. Andorra, capital Andorra la Vella
                1. Location
                         a. in Pyrenees on border of France, Spain
                2. Place
                         a. speak Catalan (Spanish dialect)
                         b. slightly larger population than Adams County
                3. Human-Environment Interaction
                         a. almost no arable land; import most food; herding/grazing sheep
                         b. landlocked
                         c. tourism makes 80% of economy
                         d. manufacture cigars/cigarettes/furniture
                                                         G12 Chapter Packet Name _____________________

II. Monaco, capital Monaco
        A. Location: enclave surrounded by France; coastline on Mediterranean Sea
        B. Place
                 1. population smaller than Quincy; next-smallest country in Europe after Vatican City
                 2. area: smaller than Quincy
        C. Human-Environment Interaction
                 1. 100% urban—no agriculture
                 2. Tourism makes almost 100% of economy (Monte Carlo casino); construction
                 3. Port for cruise ships

III. Italy, capital Rome
           A. Location: boot-shaped peninsula extends into Mediterranean Sea
                    1. Tyrrhenian Sea, Medit Sea, Ionian Sea, Adriatic Sea border Italy from W to E
           B. Place
                    1. Ridge of highlands down center: Apennines
                    2. Alps form N border with France, Switzerland, Austria; also borders Slovenia in NE
                    3. History: CULTURAL DIFFUSION ON A GRAND SCALE!!!!
                              a. Roman Empire spread its culture throughout Europe with conquering armies, towns, roads,
                              aqueducts—brilliant govt administration
                              b. Renaissance started in Italian city states like Venice, Milan, Genoa, Rome, Naples
                    4. Sicily, Sardinia: islands belong to Italy in Medit Sea
           C. Human-Environment Interaction
                    1. Po River Valley in N rich in natural gas, agriculture, hydroelectric so economy rich
                    2. South is poorer in resources, but tourism anchors economy

IV. San Marino, capital San Marino
        A. Location: enclave surrounded by NE Italy
        B. Place
                1. landlocked
                2. rugged mountains (Apennines)
        C. Human-Environment Interaction
                1. little arable land; ag economy mostly sheep; ag makes up 1% economy
                2. Tourism is 50% of economy
                3. Manufacturing clothing, electronics, ceramics; banking make up rest

V. Vatican City, aka The Holy See
        A. Location: Rome, Italy
        B. Place
                 1. Europe’s smallest independent state
                 2. landlocked, enclave in Rome
                 3. 100% urban
                 4. non-commercial economy: 100% supported by Roman Catholics worldwide (Peter’s Pence)
                 5. world HQ of Roman Catholic religion; Pope lives here

VI. Malta, capital Valletta (Heart of the Mediterranean)
        A. Location: islands south of Italy in Mediterranean Sea
        B. Place
                                                         G12 Chapter Packet Name _____________________

               1. British possession until 1974; now independent; English speaking
               2. an archipelago (chain of islands)
        C. Human-Environment Interaction
               1. Economy relies on foreign trade, tourism, limestone export
               2. little fresh water—desalinate sea water
               3. 1/3 of land arable

VII. Greece, capital Athens
        A. Location:
                 1. southern tip of Balkan Peninsula (the peninsula that is home to the Balkan states); juts into Medit. Sea
                 SE of Italy
                 2. Ionian Sea to west; Aegean Sea to east
        B. Place / Human-Environment Interaction
                 1. Pindus Mountains make landscape rugged, not arable in most of Greece
                          a. Economy in highlands: little crop farming; mostly grazing animals
                          b. Tourism: large part of economy
                 2. Eastern Greece has Plain of Thessaly, Macedonia-Thrace Plain: most of Greece’s farming here
                 3. Southern Greece: Plain of Attica
                          a. 1/3 of Greeks live here; Athens here
                 4. Peloponnesus: large peninsula connected to SW edge of Greek peninsula! Ancient home of Spartans,
                 Olympic games
                 5. Greek Islands scattered in Ionian, Aegean seas
                          a. Crete: large island owned by Greece
                 6. 70% urban
                 7. 95% Eastern Orthodox Christian
                 8. History: CULTURAL DIFFUSION
                          a. Ancient Greeks gave the world foundation of many sciences:
                                   i. Aristotle and Plato, philosophy,
                                   ii. Socrates, philosophy, government
                                   iii. Euclid, geometry
                                   iv. Hippocrates, medicine
                                   v. MANY, MANY MORE—TOO MANY FOR ME TO REMEMBER!
                          b. 1 European civilization; inventors of DEMOCRACY
                                               G12 Chapter Packet Name _____________________

Chapter 12 Team Project: Oral Presentation

Create 10 8 ½” X 5 ½” illustrated information cards about your Southern European country from
white card stock paper. Each card should focus on a geographical feature your team finds interesting
AND important about your country. Each card should have one of the five geographic themes as its
heading. One side should have a picture or drawing illustrating your piece of information; the other
side should record the facts about the feature. You may use themes more than once. You do not
have to use every theme. See my example below:

 (Front of card)

                     Geographic Theme: Location

 (back of card)

   * On Iberian Peninsula
   * East of Portugal
   * Southwest of France
   * Coasts on Atlantic Ocean and
       Mediterranean Sea
   * 40 degrees North, 5 degrees West
                                              G12 Chapter Packet Name _____________________

Helpful pointers:

Your team will present on Thursday and Friday, February 19 and 20. The entire team should have a
contingency plan in case someone is absent. No one should store cards in his/her locker or take them
home. You will present when told to present whether all team members are present or not.

Your team will be graded on your preparation, presentations, and cards:
1. Content: did you pick important features and defend your choices? No trivia!
2. Neatness and readability of cards: Easy to read? Consistent format for all cards?
3. Presentation of card material: Was everyone prepared and knowledgeable?
4. Teamwork: Did every member contribute and present? Was anyone too bossy or submissive?

The Five Geographical Themes:
Location: Where is a place, both absolute and relative
Place: What is a place like—includes history, culture
Movement: How do people communicate, move about—includes whether people are moving into
urban areas
Human-Environment Interaction: How have people changed the environment to suit their
Region: How are areas similar in culture, landscape, climate, etc…

Write NEATLY and in LARGE PRINT! Have your neatest writers write the cards. Others can be
researchers and/or artists, etc…

Use phrases, NO SENTENCES

Use bullets

Don’t misspell ANYTHING!

Double check your facts!

Use markers, pens, crayons, and pencils, NOT highlighters!

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