Canada’s Soybean Value Chain
Canada’s Soybean Value Chain
Introduction The Soy 20/20 Project is a unique partnership between government, academia and industry to
stimulate and seize new opportunities for Canadian soybeans. The Project assists researchers,
industry, producers and policy makers in focusing on key opportunities and working together
to achieve them.
This report outlines the Canadian soybean industry value chain and highlights the current
status, activities and opportunities, including the impact of the emerging bioeconomy.
Our goal is to stimulate the development of new uses for soybeans through increased
investment in Canadian soybean processing businesses, bringing specialized new soybean
varieties to market and generating more wealth for everyone along that value chain from plant
breeders to farmers, processors and distributors.
This report is the ﬁrst document of its kind that comprehensively describes and quantiﬁes the
soybean value chain as a means of attracting interest and investment in the entire sector, not
just a speciﬁc link of that chain.
Message from This is a unique and exciting time for the As a country, Canada has strengths in
Canadian soybean industry. As we continue research capability, industrial output,
the Chair to explore and develop new uses for agricultural production and educational
soybeans, it is clear their potential is only excellence. By bringing all these elements
just beginning to emerge. together through Soy 20/20, we are helping
to make Canada a globally competitive
From more traditional products like soy leader in the development of a new bio-
protein and oil, we are also developing based economy.
higher value markets for specialty oils, soy
ﬂour, biodiesel and soybean-based car parts Peter Hannam
like polyurethane foams. Chair, Soy 20/20 Project
In order to continue this innovative work, we
must engage the entire soybean value chain
and identify the opportunities each stage
presents to generate additional investments
and added value for all partners.
We must acknowledge the hard work and
dedication of the Soy 20/20 staff, and we
thank Jeff Schmalz and David Lee for their
ongoing enthusiasm and expertise. Without
their efforts, we wouldn’t be able to move
Soy 20/20 and our industry in the directions
that we have chosen to pursue.
Traditionally, soybeans have been bred The desire to eliminate trans fatty acids Publicly funded seed breeding is carried
for agronomic traits that beneﬁt growers, (TFAs) from processed foods has led to out by the University of Guelph under
such as yield, consistency and disease the development of soybeans whose low the University of Guelph-Ontario Ministry
resistance. Identity Preserved (IP) traits were linolenic oil doesn’t require hydrogenation of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
introduced as a way of offering a value- to add shelf life to a food product. partnership, by Agriculture and Agri-Food
added program for farmers, while focusing Hydrogenation causes the development of Canada, and by the Quebec-based Centre de
on the needs and wants of the end user. health-harming TFAs. In the U.S., more than recherche sur les grains inc. (CEROM).
Now, the introduction of these IP traits four million acres of these specialty soybeans
continues, but includes genetically modiﬁed are already grown annually. In Canada, On average, it takes about 10 years to
(GM) and non-food uses. about 10,000 acres are grown in Ontario, develop an idea to a marketable product.
with the goal of increasing this signiﬁcantly According to the Canadian Seed Trade
Certain soy protein traits improve soy milk once a domestic processor is established. Association, $165 million was spent on plant
and food products. Beta conglycinin, for research development in Canada in 2007,
example, improves the “mouth feel” of soy Another up and coming winner is the of which 39 per cent came from the private
to consumers as a way of making soy-based Omega 3 soybean. It is estimated that one sector. In 2012, it is projected that private
foods more palatable and popular. acre of Omega 3 soybeans produces the sector plant research and development
equivalent of 9,000 servings of Omega 3s. expenditures in Canada will be $105 million,
Seed breeders say this is a trait that with 12 per cent being spent on soybeans.
expresses itself at a higher level in northern Also by 2012, soybeans will rank second
climates like Canada, making our country only to canola in terms of research funding.
ideal for development of an Omega 3
For more information:
Seed developers are now approaching
food manufacturers with potential soybean Canadian Seed Trade Association –
varieties, and through open dialogue, get www.cdnseed.org
their input into the types of products that
consumers might want. Food producers University of Guelph-OMAFRA
have been very receptive to this way of partnership –
doing business whereas in the past they www.uoguelph.ca/research/
were often just presented with a ﬁnal omafra/index.shtml
product and asked to sell it.
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada –
Soybeans are developed by both publicly www.agr.gc.ca
funded and private entities in Canada. The
private seed breeding industry is dominated CEROM –
by three large companies—Pioneer (Dupont), www.cerom.qc.ca
Syngenta and Monsanto—but smaller
businesses like Hyland Seeds, Semences Ontario Ministry of Agriculture,
Prograin Inc. and Hendrick Seeds are also Food and Rural Affairs –
active in the sector. www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/
Canada’s Soybean Value Chain
Identity Preserved contractors
Identity Preserved (IP) means maintaining a the processes the Canadian industry uses
crop’s unique traits or quality characteristics to deliver the speciﬁc quality attributes
from seed through production, transportation, that domestic and international buyers are
handling and processing. In Canada, close to demanding. CIPRS-certiﬁed companies IP agricultural production
200 varieties of soybeans are grown, each that sell products through IP programs
with its own tolerance for speciﬁc climate have quality assurance and traceability means maintaining
and soil traits and resistance to certain crop systems for the production, handling and a crop’s unique
diseases and pests. Each variety also produces transportation of specialty grains, oilseeds
soybeans with varying characteristics—higher or pulses throughout the entire value chain. traits or quality … from
protein or sugars, more or less oil content or CIPRS also ensures that a company’s quality
differences in ﬂavour. Taste and consistency management system meets the standard seed through
traits are critical to companies seeking to created by the Canadian Grain Commission, a
create a consistent product, and they’re willing standard that is compatible with the globally
to pay a premium price for that assurance. recognized International Organization for and processing
Standardization (ISO) system.
The Canadian Food Grade Soybean
Database is a comprehensive online listing The Canadian Soybean Exporters’ The ﬂuctuating Canadian dollar and rising
of quantitative information about Canadian Association (CSEA) has 26 members. These costs have been challenges for Canadian
soybean varieties grown speciﬁcally for represent the bulk of this industry segment soybean exporters recently. Other problems
the soyfood industry. It was created using and are located in Ontario and Quebec. include container availability for shipping,
soybean samples from the Ontario Soybean CSEA’s mission is to improve the quality and competition with GM crops, developing a
Variety Trials and the Ontario Food Soybean value of Canadian soybeans and to promote grower base for IP soybeans and growing
Performance Trials run by the Ontario Oil and the export of Canadian soybeans and soy enough soybeans to supply the increasing
Protein Seed Crop Committee. The samples products into world markets. There are also global demand.
included in the database represent food grade soybean exporters located in Manitoba and
varieties currently available or expected to be a new processing facility for food grade
available soon for commercial production. The soybeans in Prince Edward Island. For more information:
database is a partnership between Agriculture
and Agri-Food Canada and the Canadian Currently, food grade soybeans for export Canadian Food Grade
International Grains Institute. markets represent the majority of the Soybean Database –
industry’s added value, with the remainder www.cigi.ca/soybean_db.html
Canada’s Identity Preservation Standard coming from the domestic soyfood industry
requires a sophisticated documentation and emerging niche markets. While Canadian International Grains
and record keeping system that covers these markets have traditionally been Institute – www.cigi.ca/index.htm
all aspects of soybean production and exclusively interested in non-GM soybeans,
processing, ensuring complete traceability opportunities are developing for GM food- Canadian Grain Commission –
from purchasing seed to the sealing of grade soybeans. Over the last ﬁve years, an www.grainscanada.gc.ca/
shipping containers. The Standard’s strict average of 40 per cent of Canada’s annual
rules provide customers with the assurance soybean production was exported, and of Canadian Soybean
that the soybeans they receive are the exact those exports, 80 per cent were IP soybeans. Exporters’ Association –
soybeans they ordered. Primary export destinations include Japan www.canadiansoybeans.com
(20 per cent), Netherlands (13 per cent),
The Canadian Identity Preserved Recognition USA (13 per cent), Belgium (10 per cent) and Ontario Oil and Protein
System (CIPRS) is the Canadian Grain Iran (9 per cent). Source: Canadian Oilseed Seed Crop Committee –
Commission’s quality assurance program Processors Association, Ontario Soybean www.oopscc.org
that provides third party veriﬁcation of Growers; 2006-07 crop year.
Approximately three-quarters of Canada’s Manitoba‘s soybean industry. Those areas • Export market development—maintaining
soybeans are grown in Ontario—speciﬁcally include funding soybean research, domestic current key markets while fostering new
in southern Ontario. The top ﬁve soybean- and international market development, as market opportunities for Canadian soybeans
producing counties are Lambton, Chatham- well as government and industry relations.
• Value-added opportunities—supporting
Kent, Essex, Huron and Middlesex, which
growers in capturing opportunities and
are responsible for approximately 50 per FPCCQ was founded in 1975 and is a
co-ordinate and facilitate the exchange of
cent of Ontario’s production (see map). federation of 11 grain grower organizations
Although soybeans are grown from Alberta that represents about 10,000 farmers.
to Prince Edward Island, the remainder of The organization develops and represents
Current issues facing growers:
Canada’s production is grown largely in the economic and social interests of
Quebec and Manitoba. its members, and works to create new • Rising costs for inputs (fertilizer, crop
opportunities for the sector. protection products, seed, fuel)
Ontario Soybean Growers (OSG), founded
• Increased pests—soybean aphids, soybean
in 1949, represents Ontario’s 25,000 The Canadian Soybean Council is
cyst nematode (SCN), soybean rust
soybean growers. The organization is run a partnership of the three grower
by a board of 15 farmers who are elected organizations primarily dedicated to the • Export market acceptance of GM soybeans
as directors by their fellow growers. OSG creation of new export markets.
• Genetic development of conventional
negotiates the annual soybean marketing
agreement with dealers and processors on Soybean growers’ long history of investment
behalf of growers, is involved in domestic in research and technology has been
and export market development, funds instrumental in expanding Canada’s For more information:
soybean research, and lobbies government production capacity and developing new
on important grower issues. markets and uses for Canadian-grown Ontario Soybean Growers –
soybeans. Growers fund research in several www.soybean.on.ca
In Manitoba, soybean growers are priority areas, including disease and insect
represented by Manitoba Pulse Growers control, utilization and agronomy. Manitoba Pulse Growers Association –
Association (MPGA) and in Quebec by www.manitobapulse.ca
Federation des producteurs de cultures In Ontario, OSG is actively involved
commerciales du Quebec (FPCCQ). MPGA in market development activities, Federation des producteurs de
was incorporated in 1984, and represents focusing on three key areas: cultures commerciales du Quebec –
the province’s 3,900 pulse farmers, including www.fpccq.qc.ca
• Domestic market development—
soybean growers. The organization is run
improving the domestic soyfood market in
by a board of farmer-elected directors,
North America and maintain and improve
and is involved in all aspects of improving
the domestic meal and oil market
Soybean production history – Canada
Acres harvested Yield Production Avg price Total value
(‘000 acres) (bu/acre) (‘000 tonnes) (CDN$/bu) (CDN$ ‘000) MPGA
2008-09 2,917 40.8 3,240 n/a n/a
2007-08 2,895 34.2 2,696 n/a n/a
2006-07 2,968 42.9 3,466 7.22 920,000
2005-06 2,880 40.3 3,156 6.30 732,000
2004-05 2,900 38.6 3,044 7.72 865,000
Note: 2008-09 ﬁgures are forecasts only
Source: Ontario Soybean Growers, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Canada’s Soybean Value Chain
Production (’000 tonnes)
1 – 10
M 11 – 50
51 – 100
101 – 200
CK 200 +
Source: Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Top ﬁve soybean-producing counties in Ontario:
L Lambton H Huron
CK Chatham-Kent M Middlesex
In Ontario, there are 356 elevators in As more specialized markets are developed
245 locations across the province and more specialty trait soybeans are
(Source: Agricorp). Most but not all handle grown, the quantity and quality of storage
soybeans as part of their operations. The will become even more important.
majority are single location, farmer-owned Elevators are a critical link in the soybean
elevators. Similar networks of grain elevators value chain because without suitable, high
also exist in Quebec and Manitoba. quality storage and handling capabilities,
other partners in the chain are not able to
Nearly 60 per cent of Ontario’s capitalize on value-added opportunities.
soybeans are handled by only
10 companies: As the soybean market becomes fragmented
further through the introduction of new IP
• ADM Agri-Industries Ltd.
or attribute-enhanced varieties, there will be
• Cargill Limited opportunities to expand the current storage
• Dennis Jackson Seed Service Ltd. and handling infrastructure in Ontario to
accommodate more soybean varieties than
• FS Partners GP
are currently handled.
• Great Lakes Grain Inc.
• Hensall District Co-operative
• London Agricultural Commodities Inc.
• Parrish & Heimbecker Ltd.
• South West AG Partners Inc.
• Thompsons Limited
In Canada, soybeans are transported by
ship, truck or rail. Elevators, which are state
of the art, provide the physical infrastructure
and logistics to store and move soybeans
from a one-time harvest to domestic and
export users throughout the entire year.
In order to service food grade markets and
maintain IP status, the elevators’ storage
facilities need to be both high quality and
capable of segregation.
Canada’s Soybean Value Chain
There are a number of solvent and extrusion Canadian soybean crush In order for Canada to fully capture the
soybean processors in Canada. capacity utilization emerging market for attribute-enhanced
soybeans, such as low linolenic for trans fat
Total capacity Percentage
Solvent – chemical-based extraction Year free food products, a dedicated specialty
(‘000 tonnes) utilization
trait soybean processing—crushing and
2007-08 1,376 (forecast) 63.3
reﬁning—facility needs to be established.
2006-07 1,573 70.1
2005-06 1,493 68.8 But the crushing/reﬁning opportunity is not
Windsor 3,600 2004-05 1,610 74.3 just driven by the need to remove trans fatty
ADM 50% acids from food products. It could also be
ON tonnes/day 2003-04 1,500 77.1
Hamilton 3,000 based on other new soybean products that
Bunge 75% 2002-03 1,762 86.8
ON tonnes/day need segregation throughout the supply
Source: Canadian Oilseed Processors Association
Bécancour chain. This includes possibilities in the
QC 40% organic market for food products or livestock
ETGO tonnes/day Processors buy their soybean feedstock in
(planned) feed and use of soy proteins and soy ﬂours,
different ways: directly from farmers, from
as well as high value industrial uses.
licensed elevators—which could be a single
Extrusion – mechanical extraction farmer, a co-operative or an agri-business—
and from foreign sources, nearly all of which For more information:
come from the United States.
Canadian Oilseed Processors’
In Canada, processors do not buy soybeans
Jordan Winkler 150 www.copaonline.net
100% from or through commodity organizations,
Mills MB tonnes/day who never own or control the sale of
Winchester 100 soybeans, unlike some other farm product Canadian soybean processors
County 100% marketing boards.
Protein 1 Jordan Mills Inc., Winkler, MB
Processors sell their products into a number 2 ADM Agri-Industries Ltd.,
Additionally, there are several other small ex-
of markets—oil (primarily for food but also Windsor, ON
trusion/cold press facilities located in Ontario,
growing bioproduct uses), hulls and protein 3 Bunge Limited, Hamilton, ON
Quebec and Manitoba, with daily volumes
meal (virtually all livestock feed).
between one half and ﬁve tonnes per day. 4 Tri-County Protein Corp.,
Twin Rivers Technologies – Entreprises de
5 TRT-ETGO, Bécancour, QC
transformation de grains oléagineuses du
Québec (TRT-ETGO) is a processing plant
currently being built in Quebec that will
crush canola seeds and soybeans, as well
as reﬁne canola, soybean and palm oil. The
new plant is expected to generate annual
sales of $450 million.
Canada has an existing total processing
capacity of approximately 2.175 million tonnes
of soybeans, although historically it hasn’t
The soybean value chain
The soybean value chain follows a fairly linear path. From trait development to processing, there is a
sequential order of partners that work together to take the soybeans from one link in the chain to the next.
But once soybeans reach the processing stage, the possibilities for use extend in many different directions,
both in speciﬁc parts of the soybean, such as oil, hulls/other and protein, and then in more speciﬁc uses of
each of those soybean components.
Up to the processing stage, the Canadian soybean industry is a well-developed world leader. Now work
is underway to develop uses and markets for the soybean beyond processing—new products, new
applications and new end users.
Trait Developers IP Contractors Growers Elevators Processors
Canada’s Soybean Value Chain
Food protein isolate
personal care products
Of the whole soybean, approximately
18 per cent is comprised of oil. Soybean
oil has both food and industrial uses.
The need to eliminate trans fatty acids (TFAs)
has resulted in plant breeders developing
oil seeds that do not need hydrogenation.
Monsanto and Pioneer (DuPont) have both All edible oils
invested in low-linolenic soybean varieties
that are commercially available. Also being 914,000 tonnes
developed are mid-oleic and high oleic Soy 34%
soybean oil varieties, Omega 3 soy oils
and high stearic acid oils.
Soybean oil is the second largest source
of edible oil in Canada, with 34 per cent,
compared to canola, which supplies 46 per
cent of the market. Between 300,000 and
400,000 tonnes of both soybean and canola
oil are used in the Canadian market.
Canada: Soybean oil supply
2007-08 ‘000 tonnes Canadian repackers and distributors: Soy-based polyols have been incorporated
• Saporito Foods into car parts, such as in the Ford Escape, and
Opening Stock 5
are now being used in Ontario. Polyurethane
Import 106 • Hubberts Industries foams are the primary component of vehicle
Production 265 • L.V. Lomas seat cushions, seat backs, arm and head rests,
and overhead systems, and can be made with
Export 46 • Nealanders
soy-derived material without compromising
Use 325 • Gordon Food Service the quality or durability of the foam.
Closing Stock 5 • Sysco
Almost half of the Canadian polyol customers
Source: Soy 20/20 projection • Others
or polyurethane processing establishments
are located in Ontario. It is estimated that
Edible soybean oil, once reﬁned, is sold to Industrial uses Ontario accounts for nearly two thirds of
repackers and distributors. It can also be
Soybean oil can be used to produce virtually total Canadian market demand for polyols.
sold to further processors for the production
anything that mineral oil does. Markets for In 2006, the Canadian market for polyols
of margarine or salad dressings before
soy-based plastics or soy polyols include reached an estimated 113,000 tonnes, valued
ultimately going into food retail, food
polyurethane foams, ﬁlms, molded parts and at approximately $315 million. If soy-based
manufacturing or food service.
plastic composites and packaging. Currently, polyols are able to capture 25 per cent of the
polyurethane foams are a major application market by 2015, demand in Canada would
for soy polyols. be approximately 36,000 tonnes or 165,000
acres of soybeans per year.
Canada’s Soybean Value Chain
Edible oil volume by market channel/use category
Salad and Cooking
FS ~ 200,000 tonnes FM ~ 170,000 tonnes
456,000 tonnes ~ 86,000 tonnes
(Shortening) FS ~ 200,000 tonnes FM ~ 100,000 tonnes
Baking ~ 60,000 tonnes Baking ~ 50,000 tonnes
312,000 tonnes ~ 12,000 tonnes
Frying ~ 140,000 tonnes Frying ~ 50,000 tonnes
146,000 tonnes FS ~ 30,000 tonnes FM ~ 26,000 tonnes
~ 90,000 tonnes
Source: JRG Consulting Group, Evaluating the Market Potential For Specialty Trait Soybean Oil, November 2007 FS = Food service, FM = Food manufacturing
There are also uses beyond polyols. Soy 20/20 promotes commercialization of emerging
Many different bioproducts contain applications by providing support in various
soybean oils, such as biodiesel, waxes, capacities. This includes serving in an advisory role,
methyl soyate (solvents), paints, detergents, accessing funding or even helping to source inputs.
lubricants, hydraulic ﬂuids, candles,
epoxies and disinfectants—even shampoo,
cosmetics and soap.
Methyl soyate, for example, is being used
as a solvent to replace chlorinated or
petroleum products in chemical cleaners
and strippers, and can be used to clean
(United Soybean Board/Soybean Checkoff)
up and recover spilled petroleum products
from shorelines and streams. Consumer
products ranging from hand cleaners to auto
and personal care products using methyl
soyate are already on the market. Emerging
applications for soy-based-solvents include
bioremediation, paper pulp cleaning and
highway paving materials to replace asphalt.
The most voluminous product of soybean Agricultural feed use
crushing is soybean meal—approximately
Soybean meal is the most common protein Canada: Soybean meal use by
80 per cent of a soybean (by weight) will be
meal in the world but Canada uses only livestock and poultry
sold as soybean meal. More than 90 per cent
of the soybean meal produced in Canada is 1.5 per cent of global supply. It is also one of
processed at solvent extraction facilities in the most consistent and high-quality protein
Hamilton and Windsor, Ontario. sources available to feed livestock and
poultry, which is why almost all soybean meal
During the last several years, imports have consumed in Canada is used for this purpose.
accounted for approximately 55 per cent Generally sold as a 48 per cent protein meal,
of total supply, with almost all coming it is typically in a ﬂake or pellet format.
from the United States, the world’s largest
soybean producer. About half of all soybean The growth of the renewable fuels industry
meal coming into Canada goes into the over the last several years has led to the rise
Ontario market. Approximately 10 per cent of dried distiller’s grains with solubles as a
of domestic soybean meal production is competitive source of dietary protein. This
exported, mostly all of it to the United has changed the domestic use of soybean
meal considerably, reducing consumption by Poultry
States. This is due to both basis—the cash
ruminant livestock like cattle and sheep.
market price minus the futures price—and Swine
proximity to the border.
Canadian soybean meal prices are Dairy
Canada: determined using the Chicago Board of Trade
(CBOT) price for in-store Decatur 48 per cent
Soybean meal supply and disposition
protein, adjusted for basis, and are typically
2007-08 ‘000 tonnes expressed as CAN$/tonne in-store Hamilton. Source: Soy 20/20 projection
Opening Stocks 13
Total Supply 2,520
Domestic Use 2,420
Closing Stocks 13
Total Disposition 2,520
(United Soybean Board/Soybean Checkoff)
Source: Canadian Oilseed Processors Association,
Soy 20/20 projection; numbers are estimates only.
Canada’s Soybean Value Chain
Industrial use Food use
New soy-based alternatives are being ﬁre-ﬁghting foams and ﬁre resistant Since the 1960s, soy protein products have
developed for the wood adhesives industry coatings, asphalt emulsions, cleaning been used as nutritional and functional
in response to higher costs for petroleum- compounds and printing inks. food ingredients in every food category
based products and environmental and available to consumers. Soy protein provides
health concerns. Soy-based wood adhesives can all the essential amino acids needed to
be used across various lumber fulﬁll human nutritional requirements and is
Finely ground soy ﬂour can be combined with products, including: among the most complete of all vegetable
other commercially available resins to form protein sources. It closely resembles high-
wood adhesives, generally by dissolving soy • wood panel products (plywood, veneer, quality animal protein sources.
ﬂour in a sodium hydroxide solution. These oriented strand board, particleboard and
adhesives are used for producing wood medium-density ﬁberboard) The three primary types of soy protein are
panels, replacing the formaldehyde that is • engineered lumber defatted soy ﬂour (~53 per cent protein),
normally used in plywood adhesives. soy protein concentrates (~65 per cent
• green framing lumber protein) and soy protein isolates (~90 per
Soy ﬂour and meal can also be found in cent protein). Currently, soy ingredients are
dry-wall tape compound, textured paints, • wood pallets used in food products for two main reasons:
fermentation nutrients, paper coatings,
• To provide some functionality due to their
protein content and so replace more costly
• To deliver health beneﬁts.
Recent historical soybean meal prices Soy proteins can improve water
absorption, increase emulsiﬁcation of
Factors with potential future impact on soybean meal prices: increased renewable fuels fats with other ingredients, provide body,
production; expansion of soybean crushing capacity; volatility of the Canada-U.S. exchange resiliency and have a tenderizing effect,
rate; soybean production and livestock industry dynamics. and even extend shelf life. In North America,
the soyfood industry increased 87 per cent
550 between 2001 and 2006, growing from a
500 $665 million industry to $1.24 billion. This
450 is forecast to grow to $1.8 billion by 2011.
CAN$ per tonne
300 For more information:
200 Soyfoods Canada –
50 Guelph Food Technology Centre –
Chicago Board of Trade Hamilton Premium (Hamilton minus Chicago Board of Trade)
Soybean hulls are primarily a by-product of insoluble and can be physically separated treatment around the world. Once this is
processing or oil extraction. Traditionally, they from the water. The clean water can then in place, it could be used to extract other
are used as a ﬁbre supplement in feed and be safely re-used. Once the peroxidase has natural materials from soybean hulls as well,
food applications. Research at the University of been removed from the hulls, they can still such as peptides, which have been shown to
Windsor focuses on a new and environmentally be used in animal feed without any impact be an effective cancer treatment.
friendly use for these seed coats as well—in on the quality of the feed.
industrial wastewater treatment. A group of researchers from the University
Other research has also shown that different of Ottawa and Agriculture and Agri-Food
Researchers are studying how soybean soybean varieties have different levels of Canada in Ottawa and London are currently
peroxidase can be used to clean waste peroxidase present in their seed coats. investigating the possibility of the seed coat
water, especially from reﬁneries, metal This provides an excellent opportunity for as a production system. This means getting
casting industries, wood products developing a segregated, value-added the hull to re-produce a protein whose
production and coal tar processing. market based on peroxidase. gene is manually inserted into it to create a
source for medications or certain antibodies.
The peroxidase is extracted from the Currently, there are no commercial enzyme This has been dubbed molecular pharming.
soybean hulls and the enzyme is used to providers in Canada or elsewhere. Soy Commercialization of soybean peroxidase,
oxidize phenolic compounds in the waste 20/20 is working to encourage supply using one industry’s by-product to treat the
water. This means the enzyme actually chain partners to join together to develop a waste of another, represents a whole new
builds up the phenolic compounds in the commercial enzyme extractor to provide a level of assistance for the transition from a
water to the point where they become product that could be used for wastewater petroleum-based economy to a bioeconomy.
Lecithin Saponins Isoﬂavones
Lecithin is a main by-product of soy oil Saponins, a class of natural surfactants, Soybeans contain the highest amount
degumming and constitutes 0.5-1.5 per comprise 0.17-6.16 per cent of whole of isoﬂavones from plant sources—
cent of soybean seed or 1-3 per cent of soybeans. Saponins are considered 0.1-0.4 per cent dry weight. Isoﬂavones
crude soybean oil. It has many functional functional foods because of their are thought to be most responsible for
properties including emulsifying, wetting, physiological properties, which include the hypothesized health beneﬁts of
colloidal and anti-oxidant. It has multiple antioxidative, as well as lowering cholesterol soybeans. Potential health beneﬁts include
uses, often in small amounts, in food, feed, and cancer prevention potential. prevention and treatment of cardiovascular
health, and cosmetic products as well as disease, cancer, osteoporosis and
industrial coatings. Glycerol postmenopausal symptoms and others.
Glycerol is a by-product of oil processing.
While it is a minor component of the whole
Tocopherols are an important antioxidant soybean, signiﬁcant volumes are produced Phytosterols are lipid-like compounds found
present in relatively high concentrations during the production of biodiesel. There in plants. Soybean sterols are a by-product
in soybeans. Also known as vitamin E, are many uses, with large amounts of of the vitamin E manufacturing. Phytosterols
tocopherols are a by-product of oil reﬁning. glycerol going into the manufacture of have been clinically proven to lower blood
The primary health beneﬁt of tocopherols is pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, toothpastes, cholesterol in humans, and as such are one
its antioxidant properties. urethane foam, synthetic resins and tobacco of the most intensely studied nutraceuticals
as well as food processing. in the area of cardiovascular diseases.
Canada’s Soybean Value Chain
This report provides a comprehensive Segregation beyond the whole bean is The soybean is a wonderful, many-faceted
overview of what the soybean industry is essential to the success of this vision, and plant and the opportunities it presents,
and represents in Canada. But it also looks this will start with domestic processing as evidenced in this report, seem almost
beyond the here and now into what that capable of handling several distinct soybean limitless. Research and innovation has
industry could become—and ideas for how varieties, thereby assuring a user that the opened many doors for Canada’s soybean
we can get there. oil, protein or other trait they need is what industry. The next step is to take what
they’re getting. Value added soybeans will we know and use what we have to move
Canada’s soybean value chain is a world move beyond the linear supply chain from through those doors and bring some of those
leader—sophisticated, well-developed and trait development to processing, and enter opportunities and possibilities to fruition.
innovative. We have the knowledge, the the fragmented, ﬁbrous portion of the value Specialty traits, for either food or industrial
expertise, and the experience required to chain that leads directly to end uses. applications, are an opportunity to both
continue the process of developing new increase demand for soybeans and increase
markets and realizing new opportunities. Factors other than infrastructure will also the value of soybeans.
be critical to success. Another processor will
To date, value added focus has been on strain availability of soybeans in Canada. Soy 20/20 plays a key role in supporting
food uses of soybeans, which typically use Competition from other domestic or new many different soy initiatives and growing
whole soybeans. The demand created by oilseed crops will inﬂuence prices obtainable the sector. As the industry continues to
the emerging bioeconomy is for speciﬁc for new traits. Genetic providers will need to develop, look for Soy 20/20 to continue to be
components of soybeans, requiring a slight develop output traits without compromising involved in building partnerships, attracting
change in the way our supply chain operates. producer traits to ensure farmer acceptance. new support and helping to make innovative
Bioproduct research, development, new ideas a reality.
commercialization and industry/consumer
acceptance will have to continue current
Soy 20/20 Board of Directors
Chair: Peter Hannam, President, Woodrill Farms
Vice Chair: Gary Fread, President, Guelph Food Technology Centre
Rich Moccia, Interim Associate Vice President (Research) Agri-Food Partnerships, University of Guelph
Gwen Zellen, Director, Research and Innovation Branch, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Mark Huston, Director, Ontario Soybean Growers
Ezio DiEmanuele, Regional Director, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (ex-ofﬁcio)
Jeff Schmalz, Executive Project Director, Soy 20/20 Project (ex-ofﬁcio)
Soy 20/20 Staff
Executive Project Director: Jeff Schmalz
Project Director: David Lee
Funding for Soy 20/20 is provided by the Ontario Soybean Growers, University of Guelph and by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the
Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs under the Agricultural Policy Framework, an agreement among federal, provincial and
territorial governments to make Canada’s agri-food sector a world leader in science and innovation.
Canada’s Soybean Value Chain
120 Research Lane, Suite #200
Guelph, ON N1G 0B4
Canada’s Soybean Value Chain