PSAT Info PSAT stands for Preliminary SAT. It is good practice for the SAT, which contains the same types of questions. The PSAT tests critical reading, math problem solving, and writing skills. The PSAT Critical Reading sections include reading comprehension questions about full-length and paragraph-length passages. They also include sentence completions. The PSAT Writing sections include multiple-choice questions on grammar, usage, word choice, and organization. There is no essay section (unlike on the SAT), but schools are provided with a practice essay to help students prepare for the SAT essay. The PSAT Math sections include multiple-choice questions and grid-in questions, which require the student to generate a response. Topics include numbers and operations; algebra and functions; geometry and measurement; and statistics, probability, and data analysis. Math topics that most first-semester juniors have not yet covered are excluded from the test. SAT Info The SAT Reasoning Test is a standard college entrance examination that measures skills in math, reading, and writing. The test takes 3 hours and 45 minutes. The first section is always a written essay, which takes 25 minutes, and the last section is always a multiple-choice writing section, which takes 10 minutes. The other sections—six twenty-five minute sections and two twenty- minute sections, can appear in any order. One of the twenty-five minute sections (you won't know which) will not count toward your score; it is used to try out questions for future SATs. The SAT Critical Reading sections include reading comprehension questions about full-length and paragraph-length passages. They also include sentence completions. The SAT Writing sections include multiple-choice questions on grammar, usage, word choice, and organization. The essay section asks you to respond to a prompt by developing a point of view supported by clear, well-organized ideas based on your experience and observations. The SAT Math sections include multiple-choice questions and grid-in questions, which require the student to generate a response. Topics include numbers and operations; algebra and functions; geometry and measurement; and statistics, probability, and data analysis. SAT Subject Tests Info Subject Tests are required by some colleges for admission and/or placement in freshman-level courses. Each Subject Test measures the student's knowledge of a specific subject and the ability to apply that knowledge. Students should check with each institution for its specific requirements. Subject Tests are given in the following areas: Literature, U.S. History, World History, Mathematics Level 1, Mathematics Level 2, Biology E/M, Chemistry, Physics, Chinese with listening, French, French with listening, German, German with listening, Spanish, Spanish with listening, Modern Hebrew, Italian, Latin, Japanese with listening, Korean with listening. ACT Info The ACT is a standardized college entrance examination that measures knowledge and skills in English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning and the application of these skills to future academic tasks. The ACT consists of four multiple-choice tests, covering English, math, reading, and science reasoning. ACT has added a 30-minute Writing Test as an optional component to the ACT for students who are applying to college for Fall 2006 or later. The ACT English Test consists of five passages of nonfiction prose. Each passage contains 15 questions about how it is written. Some questions ask you to choose the selection that best rephrases an underlined portion of the passage, and others ask about the passage’s overall organization. The ACT Mathematics Test is designed to test your knowledge of the basic facts and skills taught in most high school math programs. The test utilizes various problem types, including some word problems, problems that involve reading and interpreting graphs and charts, geometry problems, trigonometry problems, and a few straightforward arithmetic and algebra problems. The ACT Reading Test includes four passages; one is a fictional narrative, and the others are nonfiction discussions of topics from the natural sciences, social science, and the humanities. A group of questions designed to test how well you understood each subject follows each passage. The ACT Science Test includes seven sets of science information. The information can be presented in the form of graphs, tables, charts, or diagrams; descriptions of experimental studies and their results; and presentations of differing theories or hypotheses about a particular scientific question. Each passage is followed by several questions that require you to understand and interpret the information presented. The ACT Writing Test consists of one essay question. The question defines an issue and presents two points of view on that issue. In your essay, you must declare your position and support your opinion with reasons and details. You may choose one of the perspectives presented in the prompt or present a new perspective of your own. You will be graded on your ability to express a position; maintain focus; develop your position and support your ideas; organize your ideas logically; and use language clearly and effectively.
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