Careers in Aging by hnj68713


									Careers in Aging

APA Committee on Aging
      June 2007
        What Is Gerontology?
   Study of aging processes across
   Encompasses biology/health,
    psychology, sociology, economics,
    humanities, public policy

    (Geriatrics: study of health and
    disease in old age, medical aspects
    of aging)
        History of Gerontology
   As far back as the 1700s, scientists
    observed that development
    continues beyond childhood
   Modern gerontology emerged after
    WWII, focusing on understanding
    aging processes and solving aging-
    related problems
   An important concern has been
    reducing myths or stereotypes and
    emphasizing positive aspects of
     Aging Myths ... and Facts
1.   All older adults have    1.   Only 10% aged 65+
     Alzheimer’s disease           have memory problems
2.   All older adults are     2.   Elders are just as
     depressed                     satisfied with life as
                                   young adults are
3.   Psychological            3.   Elders benefit from mh
     treatment is                  treatment as much as
     ineffective in old age        young adults do
4.   Most old people live     4.   95% live on their own
     in nursing homes              in the community
5.   Most older adults are    5.   They are most
     preoccupied with              concerned with staying
     thoughts of death             independent
     Aging Myths ... and Facts (cont’d.)
6.   Older adults are           6.   Sexuality is a normal
     foolish if interested in        part of life for all adults
7.   You can’t teach an         7.   People can learn at any
     old dog new tricks              age. New learning and
                                     stimulating activities
                                     may stave off memory
8.   Only old people are        8.   People can be wise at
     wise                            any age, but older folks
                                     are more likely to have
                                     the life experiences
                                     that make a person
                                     wiser – pay attention to
           A Growing Need for
   People are living longer than ever
   By 2050, 20% of U.S. population
    will 65 or older
   World-wide trend
   Older adults are a diverse group with
    unique interests and needs
   Many exciting and rewarding career
    Main Topics in the Psychology of
     Adult Development and Aging
   Intelligence, memory, and wisdom
   Personality and resilience
   Social relations and interactions
   Health, physical functioning,
    sensory changes
   Life events, stressors, coping
   Scientific methods for studying
    change over time
    Important Aging-related Issues
   Stressors such as loss of loved ones,
    relocation, medical conditions,
    caregiving demands, change in work
    status, poverty
    • Can affect health and independence
    • Can lead to anxiety and depression
   Resources such as experience,
    wisdom, resilience, close
    • Can help with adjusting to life changes
Geropsychologists do research and
   provide clinical services on
   Family relationships
   Memory
   Sexuality
   Mental capacity assessment
   Health promotion
   Substance abuse
   Mental disorders
   Adjusting to life changes
             Careers in Aging
   Community programs and services
    • Senior center activities
    • Intergenerational programs
    • Volunteer coordination
   Mental health services for adults of all ages
   Health care / long-term care settings
   Teaching and research
   Opportunities for high school & college
    grads, as well as those with advanced
             Work Settings
   Clinics, hospitals, nursing homes
   Retirement communities
   U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs
   Religious organizations
   Local, state, federal government
   Adult education programs
   Business and industry
   Professional organizations
   Research labs
        Resources for Students
   APA Aging Resources:
    • Office on Aging
    • Division 20, Adult Development and Aging
    • Division 12 Section 2, Clinical Geropsychology
    • Geropsychology: It’s YOUR Future! (fact sheet)
   Association for Gerontology in Higher
    Education (aging career info)
        For more information...
   APA Office on Aging
    • Coordination point for APA activities
      pertaining to aging and geropsychology;
      supports the APA Committee on Aging

    • American Psychological Association
      Public Interest Directorate
      750 First Street, NE
      Washington, DC 20002-4242
      202/336-6040 fax

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