Introduction to Health Careers

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					                                                   Introduction to Health Careers

 COURSE DESCRIPTION:

 This course is designed for students interested in a career in the Health Care Industry. Students research career path options and learn
 about a variety of careers in the health care. Students receive instruction in the concepts of group dynamics, conflict resolution and
 negotiation, legal and ethical responsibility, safety, first aid, and standard precautions. Related mathematics and language arts standards
 are reinforced. Students may complete certifications in CPR and AED.




COURSE INFORMATION:                                                       STATE AND FEDERAL DESIGNATIONS

Prerequisite: None                                                             System                                Designation
Dress Requirement and Grooming: Industry standard
Course Length: 90 Hours                                      California Basic Educational Data                           4225
Curriculum Outline Revision Date:                            System Code (CBEDS)

                                                             California Department of Education (CDE)                    F-6
                                                             Industry Sector
CAREER TECHNICAL EDUCATION INDUSTRY SECTOR:
                                                             US Department of Education (USDOE)                Hospitality/Community
• Health Science & Medical Technology                        Career Cluster                                  Health Services Occupations

                                                             US Department of Labor Dictionary of                Health Care Workers,
                                                             Occupational Titles (DOT)                            Recreation Worker,
                                                                                                              Occupational Therapist Aide,
                                                                                                                       Lifeguard
 1.




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                                          INFORMATION ABOUT COMPETENCY-BASED COURSES

A course description states the scope and content of a course.
Competency is a skill attainment.
Competency is the minimum level of skill a student has to demonstrate to achieve success.
Competency-based instruction measures student success by demonstration of competency and program seat time.
Competency-based instruction targets academic and career technical education to better prepare the individual for transition to either
employment and/or higher education.

                                                  CALIFORNIA CTE FOUNDATION STANDARDS

The Foundation Standards include general competencies that all students need to master to be successful in the workplace in addition to the
competencies listed in the curriculum specific to the occupational area. The Foundation Standards are similar to the competencies identified in the
U.S. Department of Labor, Secretary’s Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS) Report. Subcomponents (not listed here) provide
further detail about each Foundation Standard. The complete document California Career Technical Education Model Curriculum Standards,
Grades Seven Through Twelve, is available at www.cde.gov.

1.0   Academics
      Students understand the academic content required for entry into postsecondary education and employment in the Health Science and
      Medical Technology sector.
2.0   Communications
      Students understand the principles of effective oral, written, and multimedia communication in a variety of formats and contexts.
3.0   Career Planning and Management
      Students understand how to make effective decisions, use career information, and manage personal career plans.
4.0   Technology
      Students know how to use contemporary and emerging technological resources in diverse and changing personal, community, and
      workplace environments.
5.0   Problem Solving and Critical Thinking
      Students understand how to create alternative solutions by using critical and creative thinking skills, such as logical reasoning, analytical
      thinking, and problem-solving techniques.
6.0   Health and Safety
      Students understand health and safety policies, procedures, regulations, and practices, including the use of equipment and handling of
      hazardous materials.
7.0   Responsibility and Flexibility
      Students know the behaviors associated with the demonstration of responsibility and flexibility in personal, workplace, and community
      settings.
8.0   Ethics and Legal Responsibilities
      Students understand professional, ethical, and legal behavior consistent with applicable laws, regulations, and organizational norms.




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9.0  Leadership and Teamwork
     Students understand effective leadership styles, key concepts of group dynamics, team and individual decision-making, the benefits of
     workforce diversity, and conflict resolution.
10.0 Technical Knowledge and Skills
     Students understand the essential knowledge and skills common to all pathways in the Health Science and Medical Technology sector.
11.0 Demonstration and Application
     Students demonstrate and apply the concepts contained in the foundation and pathway standards.


                                                        STUDENT LEARNING GOALS

In order to function as productive, involved members of society, San Bernardino County ROP students will:


1. Demonstrate personal skills that promote success and                     4. Demonstrate problem solving and critical thinking skills
   growth in the workplace                                                     a. Use critical thinking skills to make informed decisions and
   a. Know the policies, procedures, and regulations regarding                 solve problems
      health and safety                                                        b. Apply appropriate problem solving strategies and critical
   b. Understand the importance of responsibility and                          thinking skills to work-related issues and tasks
      accountability
   c. Understand the role of ethical behavior                               5. Demonstrate the use of appropriate technology used in the
   d. Understand how to work as a member of a team as well as                  21st Century
      independently                                                            a. Identify, analyze and integrate past, present and future
                                                                               technological resources for application in personal, workplace
2. Demonstrate career planning that leads to postsecondary                     and community environments
   education and/or employment                                                 b. Utilize technological skills to enhance personal and career
   a. Know the specific requirements in a career pathway for                   development
      postsecondary education, certification, and/or licensure
   b. Apply effective strategies for self-promotion in the hiring
      process

3. Demonstrate appropriate application of academic skills
   and concepts necessary for entry into postsecondary
   education and/or employment
   a. Apply the principles of effective oral, written, and
      multimedia communication in a variety of formats and
      contexts
   b. Perform mathematical computations required for industry-
   specific applications



                                                                                                                                  Page 3
                                                        CL      CC        CA Academic Content
       MAJOR INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS                                                                  HSEE         Activity/Assessment
                                                       Hours   Hours          Standards
 I. Orientation                                          2             LA grades 9/10                    Give hand-outs and go over as a
Unit Objective: Describe the role of a health care                                                       class
 worker, the importance of professionalism and the                     Reading 1.2                       Student and parent signature
 advantage of a career in the health care industry.                                                      Fill out Workplace evaluation
Unit Competencies:                                                                                       form. Ask student “which ESLR
 1. Introduce the course and discuss major                                                               would apply here”
     objectives and class expectations.                                                                  Give hand-out of Expected
 2. Explain applicable classroom management                                                              Student Learning Results
     procedures, grading policy and student                                                              (ESLR) to students and have
     evaluation process.                                                                                 students discuss sections as a
 3. Identify and discuss the ROP Student Learning                                                        group and present to the class
     Goals (SLGs) and the relationship of the SLGs                                                       Group discussion and
     to the course and employability.                                                                    participation
 4. Discuss appropriate dress and grooming                                                               Have a “Model appropriate dress
     standards for a medical environment.                                                                “day.
 5. Describe industry certifications and                                                                 Peer edit / evaluations
     requirements for CPR, AED.
 6. Demonstrate an understanding of the role of the
     health care worker in the health care industry.

  II. Communication and Interpersonal Skills            15             LA grades 9/10                    Students get newspaper or
Unit Objective: Identify key concepts of group                                                           magazine articles
dynamics, conflict resolution, and negotiation.                        Reading 2.3, 2.8                 Write sentences critiquing the
Unit Competencies:                                                                                       articles
  A. Describe the personal characteristics of a                        Listening/speaking 1.12,          Written summaries
     medical professional.                                             1:13                              Use student generated questions
  B. Demonstrate appropriate and effective                                                               and discuss as a class
     communication with patients and other health                                                        Student generated questions
     care professionals.                                                                                 Justify one point of view
  C. Demonstrate effective telephone                                                                     regarding dress and then justify
     communication skills.                                                                               the opposing view
  D. Demonstrate active listening skills and non-                                                        Role playing. Have student pick
     verbal communication techniques.                                                                    a personality trait out of a hat.
  CL = Classroom and Lab
  CC = Community Classroom (worksite learning)
  LA = Language Arts Standards
  MA = Math Standards
  SC = Science Standards
  AC = Art Cornerstones
  HSEE = High School Exit Exam Standards                                                                             Page 4
                                                           CL      CC         CA Academic Content
       MAJOR INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS                                                                    HSEE         Activity/Assessment
                                                          Hours   Hours           Standards
  E. Identify strategies for dealing with difficult                                                        Students must roll play that
     people and diffusing conflict.                                                                        personality during an interview
  F. Define sexual harassment in the work                                                                  assignment
     environment and identity the employee’s role                                                          Group presentations
     and responsibility.                                                                                   Roll play using scenarios that I
                                                                                                           pass out
                                                                                                           Group presentations
                                                                                                           Go over a workplace document
                                                                                                           and watch a video

   III. Legal and Ethical Responsibilities                 10             LA grades 9/10                   Lecture on examples of
Unit Objective: Demonstrate an understanding of                                                            malpractice cases
the laws, guidelines and professional codes of the                        Listening/speaking 2.3           Group discussion
health care community.                                                                                     Students get in groups and
Unit Competencies:                                                        Writing 1.0, 1.3, 1.5            research using the internet and
  A. Provide one example of a situation that might                                                        interview people of other
      result in legal action for each of the following:                                                    cultures to accumulate
      malpractice; abuse; negligence; assault and                         Reading 2.3, 2.5                acceptable ethical behaviors in
      battery; false imprisonment; invasion of                                                             cultures
      privacy; and defamation.                                                                             Oral and written summaries
  B. Describe how contract laws affect health care.                                                        Group presentations
  C. Define privileged communications and explain                                                          Speakers
      how they apply to health care.                                                                       Using the info above describe 5
  D. State the legal regulations that apply to health                                                      ways to avoid bias, prejudice and
      care records.                                                                                        stereotyping in the cultures
  E. List at least six rights of the patient who is                                                        researched
      receiving health care.                                                                               Group brainstorming, note
  F. List at least six basic rules of ethics for health                                                    taking to student and teacher
      care personnel.                                                                                      presentations
  G. Explain principles of accepted ethical                                                                Write a paragraph from multiple
      frameworks with respect to cultural, ethnic, and                                                     sources in response to questions
      social differences within the health care
      community.
  CL = Classroom and Lab
  CC = Community Classroom (worksite learning)
  LA = Language Arts Standards
  MA = Math Standards
  SC = Science Standards
  AC = Art Cornerstones
  HSEE = High School Exit Exam Standards                                                                               Page 5
                                                          CL      CC         CA Academic Content
        MAJOR INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS                                                                            HSEE         Activity/Assessment
                                                         Hours   Hours           Standards
 H. Describe five ways to avoid bias, prejudice, and
    stereotyping.
 I. Justify at least eight professional standards by
    explaining how they help meet legal/ethical
    requirements.
 J. Develop a pain assessment chart that will help                       MA grade 7                                 Student will create a pain
    the patient describe their discomfort better. The                                                              assessment chart using a number
    chart will have to show degrees of pain and                          Statistics, Data Analysis and              system to assess the level of
    placement of pain.                                                   Probability. Organize and                  pain. Demonstrate use of pain
                                                                         display single-variable data in            assessment chart
                                                                         appropriate graphs and                     Student presentations
                                                                         representations and explain
                                                                         which types of graphs are
                                                                         appropriate for various data sets

IV. Standard Precautions                                   5             LA grades 9/10                             Have students draw the six
 Unit Objective: Discuss how infection control is                                                                   components of the chain of
 practiced in the health care setting, citing examples                   Learning/speaking 1.7                      infection
 of asepsis, standard precautions, and isolation                                                                    Watch video on proper hand
 techniques.                                                             Reading 2.0, 2.1                          washing for medical personnel
 Unit Competencies:                                                                                                 Go to the restroom in the PAC
   A. List the six components of the chain of                                                                       and practice hand washing
       infection.                                                                                                   techniques
   B. Differentiate between antisepsis, disinfecting,                                                               Have students fill out the
       and sterilization.                                                                                           different types of accident
   C. Demonstrate hand washing according to aseptic                                                                 reports
       techniques.
   D. Define and discuss ergonomics and proper
       body mechanics in relationship to working
       conditions.
   E. Discuss ways to report a potential safety hazard                                                              Students will complete practice
       to a supervisor.                                                  MA grade 9-12                              exercises from Medical Math
   F. Practice weights and measures, interpreting                        Make decisions about units and             textbook
   CL = Classroom and Lab
   CC = Community Classroom (worksite learning)
   LA = Language Arts Standards
   MA = Math Standards
   SC = Science Standards
   AC = Art Cornerstones
   HSEE = High School Exit Exam Standards                                                                                       Page 6
                                                           CL      CC         CA Academic Content
        MAJOR INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS                                                                           HSEE         Activity/Assessment
                                                          Hours   Hours           Standards
      values in metric units, height/weight, military                     scales that are appropriate for          Students exchange papers and
      time/ 24 hour.                                                      problem situations involving             discuss correct answers
                                                                          measurement

V. Health Careers                                          40             LA grades 9/10                           •Student writes a research paper
Unit Objective: Discuss how personal profiles                                                                      looking up all the info in this
compare with the education requirements, job                              Reading 2.1, 2.2                        instructional unit
experience, environmental factors and work-related                                                                 •Bibliography
values of various health careers in career planning.                      Writing 1.0, 2.3, 2.5                   •Exchange drafts, read to each
Unit Competencies:                                                                                                 other, give feedback
  A. Participate in a career assessment to identify                       Learning/speaking 1.7
      areas of interest in the health care field.
  B. Explain the relationship of personal traits such                                                              •The student will prepare a
      as interests, values, aptitudes, and abilities to                                                            visual display or multimedia
      career choices and job satisfaction.                                                                         presentation that shows the
  C. Research and describe at least nine different                                                                 info needed
      health careers (3 each – entry, technical, and                                                               •We will use the internet,
      professional) by including a definition of the                                                               speakers, library to
      career, three duties, educational requirements,                                                              accumulate the needed info.
      and employment opportunities.                                                                                •Rubrics will be used. The
                                                                                                                   student will have the rubrics
  D. Based on career choice, identify and research a
                                                                                                                   before starting the project
      minimum of three additional health careers
                                                                                                                   •Students will learn how to
      related to that career.                                                                                      type a professional letter.
  E. Prepare a visual display or multimedia                                                                        They will request info from
      presentation that describes the career in detail,                                                            an organization and share the
      including work environment, educational                                                                      info they receive with the
      requirements, salary, and other related                                                                      class
      conditions/requirements.                                                                                     Written summaries
  F. Discuss certifications, licensing, registration,
      and associated regulations.
  G. Define the purpose of professional
      organizations associated with the health care
      industry.
   CL = Classroom and Lab
   CC = Community Classroom (worksite learning)
   LA = Language Arts Standards
   MA = Math Standards
   SC = Science Standards
   AC = Art Cornerstones
   HSEE = High School Exit Exam Standards                                                                                      Page 7
                                                         CL      CC        CA Academic Content
        MAJOR INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS                                                                HSEE         Activity/Assessment
                                                        Hours   Hours          Standards
   H. Compose a letter requesting information from
      the professional organization that represents a
      specific health career.




VI. Job Search                                            5             LA grades 9/10                  Students fill out application
 Unit Objective: Demonstrate the skills needed to                                                       and write a resume and cover
 pursue a job search.                                                   Reading 2.1                    letter to add to student
 Unit Competencies:                                                                                     portfolio
   A. Identify sources of job information, including                    Writing 2.5, 2.6                Teacher review
      electronic sources.                                                                               Students complete a timecard
   B. Correctly complete an employment application                      MA grade 7                     for each day of class.
      and develop a resume and cover letter.                            Number sense 1.6                Students will calculate their
                                                                                                        average monthly attendance,
   C. Review health care organizational policies
                                                                                                        compare their attendance
      regarding drug screening and background
                                                                                                        record to industry standards
      checks.                                                                                           to determine if they meet
   D. Identify acceptable and unacceptable                                                              industry standards for
      attendance and punctuality standards in the                                                       attendance
      work place.                                                                                       Peer review, class discussion
   E. Identify strategies for employment retention.
   F. Participate in a mock employment interview.

VII. Certifications                                      13             LA grades 9/10                  •Students must demonstrate
 Unit Objective: Describe certifications, licensing,                                                    skill and pass the test required
 registration, and associated regulations relating to                   Reading 2.0                     by American Red Cross
 specific health related careers.
 Unit Competencies:
   A. Demonstrate skills required for CPR
       certification.
   B. Demonstrate skills required for AED

    CL = Classroom and Lab
    CC = Community Classroom (worksite learning)
    LA = Language Arts Standards
    MA = Math Standards
    SC = Science Standards
    AC = Art Cornerstones
    HSEE = High School Exit Exam Standards                                                                           Page 8
                                                CL      CC     CA Academic Content
    MAJOR INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS                                                        HSEE   Activity/Assessment
                                               Hours   Hours       Standards
   certification.
C. Successfully pass CPR testing as required
   by ARC




CL = Classroom and Lab
CC = Community Classroom (worksite learning)
LA = Language Arts Standards
MA = Math Standards
SC = Science Standards
AC = Art Cornerstones
HSEE = High School Exit Exam Standards                                                           Page 9