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					          Надпечатки и надписи на марках (второй вариант)

                                          A
A. & T. : (overprint) Annam et Tonkin (French Colonie).
AЛTaЙ : Altai (Republic of) - Illegal issue - Autonomous region in Siberia..
AДЬIГeЯ : Adygea (Republic of) - Illegal issue.
AALESUND : Norway - Local office (1880).
AANGEBRAGT PER LAND-MAIL : Netherlands Indies- Postage Due (1845-46).
A BETALE-PORTOMAERKE : Norway.
A.B. : (overprint) Russie.
ABNA ПOYRA : (overprint on stamps of Russia) airmails.
ABNO ПOЧTOBЯ : Russia airmails.
AБXAЗИЯ : Abkhazia (Républic of) - Illegal issues - Georgia.
ABYSSINIA : Ethiopia.
A.C.C.P. : Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.
ADMINISTRATION POSTALE DES NATIONS UNIES : United Nations Organization -
Geneva.
ADMIRALTY OFFICIAL : Great Britain - officials.
A.E.D. : on prepaid mail from Kingdom of Sardinia to France (1827).
A.E.F. : French Equatorial Africa (Afrique Equatoriale Française).
AEΠTA : Epirus - Greece.
A.F.F.P. : Abyssinian Field Post Office (british 1869).
A.F.I.S. : Amministrazione Fiduciaria Itliana dela Somalia (Italian Trusteeship of Somalia).
AFFRANCHI AINSI-FATUE FIGURINE : (overprint) Madagascar or Diego Suarez used
during stamp shortage.
AFFRANCHts : (overprint precancel in France, Morocco, Andorra, Monaco) officials for
government mail.
AFRICA CORREIOS : Portuguese Africa.
AFRICA OCCIDENTAL ESPANOLA : Spanish West Africa.
AFRICA ORIENTALE ITALIANA : Italian East Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia -
1936).
AFRIQUE EQUATORIALE FRANCAISE : (overprint on stamps of Middle Congo and
Gabon) French Equatorial Africa.
AFRIQUE EQUATORIALE GABON : Gabon.
AFRIQUE FRANCAISE COMBATTANTE : French Equatorial Africa.
A.G. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Attorney General officials (1868/1874).
A.H.PD. : (overprint on stamps of Portugal) Angra, Horta, Ponta Delgada for use in Azores
(1906/10).
AIRPORT INTERNATIONAL DE KANDAHAR : Afghanistan.
AJANLAS : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) registration stamps (1946).
Ajl.1, Ajl.2 : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) registration stamps (1946).
ALAND : Aland - Finland.
ALAOUITES : (overprint on stamps of France and of Syria) Alaouites.
ALBANIA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey - Albania (1902 july).
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS : Illegal issues - "Postage Russian Aleutian Islands" with an anchor
after Postage.
ALEXANDRIE : (overprint of stamps of France) French Offices in Egypt - Alexandria.
ALFABETIZACION : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) adult education propoganda.
ALLEMAGNE DUITSCHLAND : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Belgian occupation
(1919/1921).
ALLIED MILITARY POSTAGE : Germany - Allied military government (1945/1946).
ALTO COMMISSARIATO : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslav) Italy.
A.M. : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Axia Metalliki.
A.M.G. - F.T.T. : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Allied Millitary Government / Free
Territory of Trieste (1947/1954).
A.M.G. - V.G. : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Allied Millitary Government of Venezia
Giulia (Allied occupation of Venezia Giulia 1945/1947)
A M POST : Germany - Allied military government (1945/1946).
AMSTERDAO : (overprint on stamps of Portugal) private overprint to send Olympic
athletes to Amsterdam.
AMYPCKaЯ : Amurskaya (Republic of) - Illegal issue - Autonomous region in S-E Siberia.
ANDORRA : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Andorra - Spanish sector.
ANDORRE : (overprint on stamps of France) Andorra - French sector.
ДNKCOH : (overprint) Illegal issues - Island located in the Russian Arctic, in the Kara sea -
Is a Rusian weather station located at 75°5 N - 80°4 E.
ANOTADO : (overprint on stamps of Mexico) Provisional (1872).
ANTIOQIUIA : Colombia - Antioqiuia.
A.O. : (overprint on stamps of Congo) Afrique Orientale (East Africa) - German East Africa-
Belgian occupation (1918).
A.O. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Audit Office officials (1868/1874).
A.O.F. : (overprint on stamps of France) Afrique Occidentale Francaise (French West
Africa) (1945).
A.O.I. : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italian East Africa postage dues (1941).
A PAYER : Luxembourg (To be paid).
A PAYER / TE BETALEN : Belgium and Belgian Congo.
A PERCEVOIR : Belgium, France, French colonies (To Collect).
APURIMAC : Peru - Apurimac - Chilean occupation (1885).
A.R. : Aviso de Recepcion (Advice of Receipt) - Colombia, Panama, Chile.
A.R. : Aviso de Recibo (Advice of Receipt).
A RECEBER : Portugal et Portuguese Colonies (To Be Received).
AREQUIPA : Peru - Arequipa - Chilean occupation (1881).
ASI : Assinié (Ivory coast) - French colony.
ASIA MINOR : Turkey.
ASISTENTA SOCIALA : Romania postal tax stamps.
ASSISTENCIA PUBLICA : Portuguese India and Mozambique postal tax stamps (Public
Assistance).
AT BETALE : Norway postage dues (To Pay).
ATT : (currency surcharges on stamps of Siam) Thailand (1893-1908).
AUNUS : (overprint on stamps of Finland) Russia - Finnish occupation (1919).
AURIGNY : Alderney - Great Britain.
AVION MESSRE TAFARI : Ethiopia air mails.
AVIONSKA POSTA : Yugoslavia air mails.
AVIS DE RECEPCION : El Salvador acknowledgement of receipt stamps.
AVISPORTO MAERKA : Denmark newspaper stamps.
AVO (S) : Macao or Timor.
AYACUCHO : Peru - Ayacucho - Chilean occupation (1881).
AYTONOMOΣ : Epirus.
AYUDA EL ECUADOR : (overprint on stamps of Paraguay):- semipostals.
AZERBAIDJAN : Azerbaijan (1919/1922).
AZERBAYEDJAN : Azerbaijan.

                                           B
B : (pre-adhesive handstamp) On mail from Wallis Canton of Switzerland to Kingdom of
Sardinia (1814/1916).
B : (overprint in oval with Belgique on stamps of Belgium) Parcel post or railway stamps.
B : (overprint in oval on stamps of Belgium) Official stamps.
B : (overprint on stamps of Straits Settlements) Bangkok (1882/1885).
B. DPTO. ZELAYA : (overprint on stamps of Nicaragua) Province of Zelaya (used to prevent
currency manipulation).
B. HΠEIPOΣ : Epirus (Greece).
B.A. ERITREA : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain Offices in Africa - Eritrea
(1950/1951).
B.A. SOMALIA : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain Offices in Africa -
Somalia.
B.A. TRIPOLITANIA : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain Offices in Africa -
Tripolitania.
BACSKA : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Hungary - Serbian occupation (1919).
BAD. OE. C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Austrian-Bavarian postal treaty resulting in reduced
postal rate.
BADEN : Germany - French military occupation (1947 september).
BAGHDAD : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Mesopotamia - British occupation (1917).
BAHA 1943 : (overprint on stamps of Phillippines) Philippines - Japanese Occupation.
BAHAWALPUR : Pakistan - Bahawalpur.
BAHRAIN : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Bahrain (1948/1960).
BAHRAIN : (overprint on stamps of India) Bahrain (1933/1944).
BAJAR PORTO : Indonesia - postage due stamps.
BAMRA : India - Bamra (1888/1894).
BAMRA FEUDATORY STATE : India - Bamra.
BANAR : (overprint of stamps of Hungary) Hungary- Serbian occupation (1919).
BANAT BACSKA : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Serbian occupation - Banata, Bacaska.
BANI : (currency overprint on stamps of Germany) Romania - German occupation (1917
september).
BANI : (currency overprint on stamps of Hungary) Romania - Austro-Hungarian occupation
(1919).
BARANYA : (overprint) Hungary - Serbian occupation (1919).
BARBERIA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italian Offices in Tripoli.
BARBUDA : (overprint on stamps of Leeward Islands) Barbuda (1922).
BARR'S PENNY DISPATCH : USA - carrier's stamp 1850s - Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
BARWANI : India- Barwani (1921/1948).
BASEL : Switzerland - Basel locals (1845).
BASHKORTOSTAN : (Republic of) - Illegal issue - Autonomous republic on the Russian side
of the Ural Mountains.
BASUTOLAND : (overprint on stamps of South Africa) Basutoland (1945).
BATAAN AND CORREGIDOR : (overprint) Philippines - Japanese occupation (1942).
BATЧM : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Batum.
BAYERN : Bavaria.
BAYR : Bavaria.
B.C.A. : (overprint on stamps of Rhodesia) British Central Africa (1891/1995).
B.C.M. : Madagascar - British Consular Mail (1884 june).
B.C.O.F. - JAPAN 46 : (overprint on stamps of Australia) Military stamps (British
Commonwealth Occupation Force).
B.D. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) (Barracks Department).
BECПPИ3OPHbIM ЛETЯM : Russia - Semi-postal.
BECHUANALAND : (overprint on stamps of South Africa) Bechuanaland (1945).
BECHUANALAND PROTECTORATE : (overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope)
Bechuanaland Protectorate (1899).
BECHUANALAND PROTECTORATE : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain)
Bechuanaland Protectorate (1897/1926).
BELGIAN EAST AFRICA : Ruanda - Urundi.
BELGIEN : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Belgium - German occupation.
BELGISCH CONGO : Congo (1910/1960).
BELIZE RELIEF FUND : (overprint on stamps British Honduras) semi-postals (1932) (for
hurricane of Sept 1931 relief).
BENADIR : Italian Somaliland (1903/1926).
BENGASI - 1 piastre 1 : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Africa - Tripoli (1901).
BENTJANA ALAM : (surcharge on stamps of Indonesia) Natioanl Disaster - with "1953" and
"+10" on semi-postals.
BERLIN : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Berlin - Military occupation (1948).
BESETZTES GEBIET NORDFRANKREICH : (overprint): France - German occupation
(1940).
BEYROUTH : (overprint on stamps of France) France - Offices in Turkey - Levant (1905).
BEYROUTH : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey - Levant (1910).
B.G. : Modena, newspaper stamps (Bollo Gazzette).
B.G. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) (Botanical Gardens).
BHOPAL : India - Bhopal (1908/1949).
BHOR : India - Bhor (1901).
BIAFRA : (overprint) Nigeria - Revolutionary forces (1968/1969).
BICENENAIRE DE PORT-AU-PRINCE : Haïti.
BIJAWAR : India - Bijawar.
BIJZONDEREVLUCHTEN : Netherlands airmail.
B.I.O.T. : (overprint on stamps of Seychelles) British Indian Ocean Territory (1968).
B.I.T. Oct 1930 : (overprint on stamps of Belgium) Bureau International du Travail
(International Labour Organisation).
BLP : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Semipostals used on envelopes with advertisements sold to
benefit invalids (Buta Lettera Postali).
B.M. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) Bench of Magistrates.
B.M.A. ERITREA : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain - Offices in Africa -
Eritrea (1948) British Military Administration.
B.M.A MALAYA : (overprint on stamps of Straits Settlements) Malaya (1945/1946) (British
Military Administration).
B.M.A. SOMALIA : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain - Offices in Africa -
Somalia (1948) British Military Administration.
B.M.A. TRIPOLITANIA : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain- Offices in
Africa- Tripolitania (1948) British Military Administration.
B.N.F. CASTELLORIZIO : (overprint on stamps of French Offices in Turkey) Castellorizio -
French occupation (1920) Base Navale Francaise.
BOARD OF EDUCATION : (overprint) Great Britain, officials (1902/1904).
BOCHA XEPЦEΓOBИHA : Bosnia and Herzegovina.
BOCTЧHA KOPPECПOHAEHЧIЯ : Russia - Offices in the Turkish Empire.
BOCTOЧHAR : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey (1868/1884).
BOCTOHHAЯ KOPPECПOHДEHЦIЯ : Russia - Offices in Turkey.
BOHMEN UND MAHREN : Czechoslovakia - Bohemia and Moravia.
BOLIVAR : Colombia - Bolivar (1863/1904).
BOLIVAR, SUCRE MIRANDA - DECRETO ? : (overprint on Escuelas stamps of
Venezuela) Venezuela - Validation of non-postage school stamps.
BOLLO DELLA POSTA DI SICILIA : Italian States - Two Sicilies (1859).
BOLLO DELLA POSTA NAPOLETANA : Italian States - Two Sicilies (1858).
BOLLO POSTALE : San Marino.
BOLLO STRAORDINARIA PER LE POSTE : Italian States - Tuscany, newspaper tax
stamps for foreign publications (Stamp Extraordinary for the Post).
BOSNA I HERCEGOVINA : (overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Yugoslavia
(1918).
BOSNIEN HERCEGOVINA : Bosnia and Herzegovina (1912 august).
BOSNIENI HERCEGOWINA : Bosnia and Herzegovina (1906/1912).
BOSTGBIET OB, OST : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Lithuania - German occupation
(1916 july).
BOYACA : Colombia - Boyaca (1902/1904).
B.P.C. : Belgian military postmark - Bureau de Poste de Campagne.
B.P.C. with V.P.K. : Belgian military postmark - Bureau de Poste de Campagne with Veld Post
Kantoor.
B.R.A. 5 cents : (overprint) China - Railroad late letter fee (1901) British Railway
Administration.
BRAUNSCHWEIG : German States - Brunswick.
BRIEFPOST : Germany, under French occupation.
BRITISH BECHUANALAND : (overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope) Bechuanaland
(Botswana).
BRITISH BECHUANALAND : Bechuanaland (Botswana).
BRITISH EAST AFRICA : (overprint on stamps of British India and Zanzibar): British East
Africa (1895/1897).
BRITISH EAST AFRICA : (overprint of stamps of England) British East Africa (1890).
BRITISH NEW GUINEA : Papua and New Guinea (1901/1905).
BRITISH NORTH BORNEO : North Borneo.
BRITISH OCCUPATION : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Batum.
BRITISH OCCUPATION : Italian East Africa.
BRITISH OCCUPATION : Iraq.
BRITISH PROTECTORATE BECHUANALAND : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain)
Bechuanaland (Botswana).
BRITISH PROTECTORATE OIL RIVERS : British Niger Coast Protectorate.
BRITISH PROTECTORATE OIL RIVERS : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Niger
Coast Protectorate (1892/1893).
BRITISH PROTECTORATE OIL RIVERS : Niger Coast Protectorate (1892/1893).
BRITISH SOMALILAND : Somaliland Protectorate.
BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA COMPANY : (overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope)
Rhodesia (1890/1920).
BRITISH VICE CONSULATE : Madagascar (1884/1886).
BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS : Virgin Islands.
BRUNEI : (overprint on stamps of Labuan) Brunei (1906).
BUCHANAN : Liberia.
BUENOS AIRES : Argentina - Buenos Aires (1858/1862).
BUITEN BEZIT : (overprint) Netherlands Indies for Java and Madura, to check the use of mail
(1908) (Outlaying Possessions).
BULEAGA O TOGA : Tonga (Government of Tonga).
BUNDI : India - Bundi (1894, 1941 july).
BUREAU INTERNATIONAL DU TRAVAIL : Switzerland - International Labor Bureau,
officials.
BUSHIRE UNDER BRITISH OCCUPATION : (overprint on stamps of Iran) Bushire (1915).
BUSSAHIR : India - Bussahir (1896/1901).
BUU-CHINH : Vietnam.

                                           C
c : (preceded by numeral of value with Japanese characters) Ryukyu Islands.
C : (overprint on stamps of Paraguay) (Compana).
C. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) (Customs).
C.A. : Crown Agent.
CABO : (overprint on stamps of Nicaragua) Cabo Gracias a Dios - Used to prevent currency
manipulation (1904/1909).
CABO JUBI : (overprint on stamps of Rio de Oro) Cape Juby (1916).
CABO JUBY : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Cape Juby under Spanish Adminstration
(1919/1933).
CABO JUBY : (overprint on stamps of Spanish Morocco) Cape Juby under Spanish
Adminstration (1934/1948).
CABO VERDE : Cape Verde.
CACHES : (overprint on stamps of France and French Colonies postage dues) French India -
Postage dues.
CADIZ : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Cadiz (revolutionary period - 1936).
CADIZ VIVA ESPANOL : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Revolutionary Cadiz issues.
CAISSE D'AMORTISSEMENT : France - Semipostals.
CALCHI : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Calchi (1930).
CALIMNO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Calimno.
CAMBODGE : Cambodia.
CAMEROONS U.K.T.T. : (overprint on stamps of Nigeria) Cameroons (1960 january) (United
Kingdom Trust Territory).
CAMEROUN : (overprint on stamps of French Congo) Cameroon (1915/1925).
CAMEROUN : (overprint on stamps of Gabon) Cameroon (1915/1925).
CAMEROUN : (overprint on stamps of Middle Congo) Cameroon (1915/1925).
CAMPACHE : Mexico - Campache (1876).
CAMPANA CONTRA EL PALADISMO : Mexico - Anti-malaria campaign.
CAMPIONARIA OE TRIPOLI : Tripolitania - Libya.
CAMPIONE D'ITALIA : Italy - Campione d'Italia (1944).
CANAL ZONE : (overprint on stamps of Panama) Canal Zone.
CANAL ZONE : (overprint on stamps of U.S.A.) Canal Zone.
CANARIAS : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Canary Islands (1936/1937).
CANARO : (overprint on stamp of Fiume) Italian occupation of Arbe and Veglia.
CANCELLED V-R-I : (overprint on stamps of Transvaal) Second British occupation -
Wolmaranstad (1900).
CANTON : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China - Canton
(1901/1923).
CANTONAL TAXE : Switzerland - Zurich.
CAPO VERDE : Cape Verde.
CARCHI : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Calchi (1932).
CARITAS : (overprint) Luxembourg - Semipostals (Charity).
CARNARO : (overprint on stamps of Fiume) (1920).
CARTILLA POSTAL DE ESPANA : Spain - Franchise stamps.
CARUPANO : Venezuela - Carupano (1902).
CASA DE CORREOS : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Postal tax for new post office
building fund.
CASO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Caso (1913).
CASTELORISO : (overprint on stamps of France) Castellorizo (1920).
CASTELORISO : (overprint on stamps of France) Offices in Turkey - Castellorizo (1920).
CASTELROSSO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Castellorizo (1922/1932).
CAUCA : Colombia - Cauca (1879/1883, 1903).
CAVALLE : France - Offices in Turkey - Cavalle (1893/1903).
CAVE : (overprint on stamps of Ceylon) Private merchant's mark to discourage pilfering.
C. BEN. R. : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Guayas - Validation mark of governor's initials
(Carlos Benjamin Rosales).
C.C. : Crown Colonies.
C.C.C.P. : Russia (USSR).
C.CH. : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Cochin China.
C.D. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) (Convict Department).
C DPTO ZELAYA : (overprint on stamps of Nicaragua) Cabo Gracias a Dios district to prevent
currency manipulation.
CECHY A MORAVA : Czechoslovakia - Bohemia and Moravia.
C.E.F. : (overprint on stamps of Cameroons) Cameroons Expeditionary Force (1915).
C.E.F. : (overprint on stamps of India - China) Expeditionary Force (1900/1921).
CEFOLONIA E ITACA : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Ionian Islands - Italian occupation
(1941).
CENT(S) : (currency overprint) Russia - Offices in China (1901/1922).
CENTENAIRE ALGERIE : France (1929).
CENTENAIRE DU GABON : French Equatorial Africa (1938).
CENTENARIO DE S. ANTONIO INHAMBANR MDCCCXCV : (overprint on stamps of
Mozambique) Inhambane (1895) (Centenary of St. Anthony).
CENTESIMI : (currency overprint on stamps of Austria) Italy - Austrian occupation (1918).
CENTESIMI : (currency overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Italy - Austrian
occupation - Postage dues and special deliveries (1918).
CENTESIMI DI CORONA : (currency overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Austrian
occupation (1919).
CENTESIMI DI CORONA : (currency overprint on stamps of Italy) Dalmatia (1921/1922).
CENTIMES : (currency overprint on stamps of Austria) Austria - Offices in Crete (1903/1907).
CENTIMES : (currency overprint on stamps of Germany) Germany - Offices in Turkey (1908).
CENTIMOS : (currency- overprint on stamps of France) France - Offices in Morocco
(1891/1910).
CERIGO : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Ionian Islands - Fraudulent issue.
CERRADO Y SELLADO : Mexico - Official seals.
CERTIFICADO : Spanish language countries (Registered).
CERVANTES : Spain - Officials (1916).
CESKO-SLOVENSKO : Czechoslovakia - Slovakia (1939).
CESKOSLOVEN VOJSKO NA RUSI : Czechoslovakia - Sibarian Army Post.
CESKOSLOVENSKA : Czechoslovakia.
CESKOSLOVENSKE ARMADY SIBERSKE : Czechoslovakia - Sibarian Army Post.
CESKOSLOVENSKO : Czechoslovakia.
CFA : (overprint on stamps of France) Reunion (Communaute Francaise d'Afrique).
C.G.H.S. : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Upper Silesia - Officials (1920/1922).
CH TAXE O.M.F. SYRIE : (overprint on stamps of Syria) Postage dues.
CHALA : Peru - Chala - Chilean occupation (1884).
CHAMBA STATE : India - Chamba.
CHARKHARI : India - Charkhari (1894/1945).
CHARLEROI 1911 : (overprint on stamps of Belgium) Semipostal.
CHECHENIA : Republic of Ichkeria also called Chechenia - Illegal issues - Autonomous
republic in the Caucasus region.
CHEMINS DE FER : Belgium - Parcel posts.
CHEMINS DE FER SPOORWEGEN : Belgium - Parcel posts.
CHIFFRE TAX : (no country name on perforated stamps) France - Postage dues.
CHIHUAHUA : Mexico - Chihuahua provisionals (1872).
CHIMBORAZO RIOBAMBA : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Chimborazo (1902).
CHINA : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Germany - Offices in China (1898/1913).
CHINA : (overprint on stamps of Hong Kong) Great Britain - Offices in China (1917/1927).
CHINA IMPERIAL POST : (overprint) Postage Due - 1912 Nanking Issue.
CHINE : (overprint on stamps of France) France - Offices in China (1894/1922).
CHINESE IMPERIAL POST : China (1898/1912).
CHRISTMAS ISLANDS : (overprint on stamps of Australia) Christmas Island (1958/1962).
C.I.C.I. : (overprint on stamps of Portugal) Franchise stamps (1933) (Congress of the
International Colonial Institute).
CIERRO OFFICIAL : Chile or El Salvador - Official seals.
C.I.H.S. : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Upper Silesia - Officials (1920) (Commission
Interalliee Haute Silesie).
CINQUANTENAlRE 24 SEPTEMBRE 1853-1903 : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies)
New Caledonia - Postage dues (1903).
CIRENAICA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Cyrenaica.
CIRENAICA : (overprint on stamps of Tripolitania) Cyrenaica - Airmails (1932).
C.I.S. : (overprint on stamps of Schleswig) Officials (Commission Interallie Schlesvig).
C.L. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) (Crown Lands).
C.M.T. : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Western Ukraine - Romanian occupation - Pokutia
(1919) (Compana Militaire Timbru - military campaign stamp).
C.O. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) (Commisariat Officer).
COAMO : Puerto Rico - Coamo - U.S. Administration (1898).
COCHIN : India - Cochin (1892/1949).
COCHIN ANCHAL : India - Cochin (1892/1949).
CO.CI. : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia - Ljubljana) Italian occupation (1941).
COLIS POSTAL : Parcel posts (Postal Packages).
COLIS POSTAL : (no country name) Belgium - Parcel posts.
COLIS POSTAUX : (no country name) Belgium - Parcel posts.
COLIS POSTEAU : (no country name) Belgium - Parcel posts.
COLOMBIA : (on stamp of Panama with map) Panama - Colombian dominion (1887/1897).
COLON : Chile (Colombus).
COLONIA DE RIO DE ORO : Rio de Oro (Colony of Gold River).
COLONIA ERITREA : Eritrea.
COLONIA ERITREA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Eritrea (1892/1928).
COLONIALI ITALIANE : Italian Colonies.
COLONIE ITALIANE : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italian Colonies (1932).
COLONIES DE L'EMPIRE FRANCAIS : French Colonies (1859/1865) (Colonies of the
French Empire).
COLONIES POSTES : French Colonies (1881/1886).
COMISSAO PORTUGUESA DE PRISONEIROS DE GUERRA : (overprint on stamps of
Portugal) Franchise stamps for use by members of the military commission in charge of
prisoners of war.
COMITE FRANCAIS : French Colonies - Semipostals.
COMITE FRANÇAIS DE LA LIBERATION NATIONAL : French Colonies - Semipostals
(1943).
COMMISSION DE CONTROLE PROVISOIRE KORKA : Albania.
COMMISSION DE GOUVERNEMENT HAUTE SILESIE : Upper Silesia.
COMMISSION FUR RUCKBRIEF : German States - Bavaria - Return letter stamps.
COMMISSION INTERALLIEE MARIENWERDER : Marienwerder.
COMMUNICACIONES : Spain.
COMORES : Comoro Islands.
COMP A DE MOZAMBIQUE : (overprint on stamps of Mozambique) Mozambique Company
(1892).
COMPANHIA DE MOZAMBIOUE : Mozambique Company.
COMPANHIA DO NYASSA : Nyassa (1921/1923).
COMPANIA COLOMBIANA : Colombia - Airmails (1920).
COMPLEMENTARIO : Mexico - Postage dues (To Complete).
COMUNE DI CAMPIONE : Italy - Swiss enclave (1944).
COMUNICACIONES : Spain (1870/1899).
CONF'ON ARGENTINA : Argentina (1858/1860).
CONFED. GRANADINA : Colombia - Grenadine Confederation.
CONFEDERATE STATES or CONFEDERATED STATES : United States - Confederate
States.
CONFEODERATIO HELVETICA : Switzerland.
CONG HOA MIEN NAM VIET NAM : National Front for the liberation of South Vietnam.
CONGO : (with Portuguese inscriptions) Portuguese Congo.
CONGO BELGE : Belgian Congo (1908/1910).
CONGO FRANCAIS : French Congo.
CONGO FRANCAIS GABON : Gabon (1910).
CONGRATULATIONS FALL OF BATAAN AND CORREGIDOR 1942 : (overprint on
stamps of Philippines) Japanese occupation.
CONGRESO DE LOS DIPUTADOS : Spain - Officials (1896 august) (Congress of Deputies).
CONSEIL DE L'EUROPE : France - Council of Europe - Officials.
CONSTANTINOPLE : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey -
Constantinople (1909/1910).
CONSTANTINOPOL : (overprint on stamps of Romania) Offices in Turkey - Constantinople
(1919).
CONSTITUENTE FIUMANA 24-IV-1921 : (with 1922 added overprint on stamps of Fiume)
Fiume semipostals changed for ordinary use.
CONSTRUCCIONE : (overprint on stamps of Guatemala) Postal tax stamps.
CONSUMPTIVE HOMES : New South Wales - Semipostals.
CONTRA SELLO : (overprint on stamps of El Salvador) Prevent use of stolen unmarked
stamps (1874) (Countersigned).
CONTRAMARCA : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Believed bogus (1899/1901)
(Countersigned).
CONTRASENA - ESTAMPILLAS DE CORREO : (overprint on stamps of Venezuela)
(1874/1880) (Countersigned - Postage Stamps).
CONTRE LA FAIM : (overprint on stamps of Rwanda) Ruanda -Urundi (Against Hunger).
COO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Coo (1930/1932).
COOK ISANDS - NIUE : Niue.
COOK ISANDS or IS'DS : (overprint on stamps of New Zealand) Cook Islands (1936/1946).
CORDOBA : Argentina - Cordoba (1858).
COREA : Korea (1884/1894).
COREE : Korea - On stamps printed in Paris (1902 march).
CORFU : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Corfu - Italian occupation (1941).
CORFU : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Corfu - Italian occupation (1923).
CORONA : (currency overprint on stamps of Italy) Austria - Italian occupation (1919) -
Dalmatia (1919/1922).
CORPS EXPEDITIONNAIRE FRANCO-ANGLAIS CAMEROUN : (overprint on stamps
of Gabon - French) British occupation of Cameroons.
CORREGIDOR MANILA : Philippines - Japanese occupation.
CORREIO(S) : (no country name) Portugal (1853/1865) (Postage).
CORREIOS E TELEGRAPHOS : Portugal (Posts and Telegraphs).
CORREO AEREO : (no country name) Spain (Air Mail).
CORREO AEREO : Spanish language countries (Air Mail).
CORREO AERO : (Air Mail).
CORREO ESPANOL MARRUECOS : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Spanish Morocco
(1903/1910).
CORREO ESPANOL TANGER : Spanish Morocco - Tanger - Semipostals (1926).
CORREO URCENT : Spain - Special delivery.
CORREO URGENT : Spanish language countries - Special delivery.
CORREOS : Post.
CORREOS : (no country name) Denominations in CUARTOS, REALES, CS or CTOS - Spain.
CORREOS : (no country name) Denominated REAL - Dominican Republic.
CORREOS : (no country name) Cuba, Peru, Philippines, Dominican Republic or Spain.
CORREOS ANDORRA : Spanish Andorra.
CORREOS FONOPOSTAL : Argentina - Recorded message stamps (1939).
CORREOS FRANCO : (with queen or arms) Spain (1852/1854) - Free Mail.
CORREOS GUIRIA : (overprint on stamps of Venezuela - Marino) Control mark on locals
(1903).
CORREOS INTERIOR : Philippines (1859/1863) (Inland Postage).
CORREOS MATURIN : (overprint on stamps of Venezuela - Maturin) Control mark on locals
(1903).
CORREOS MEXICO GOBIERNO REVOLUCIONARIO : Mexico - Yucatan (1924).
CORREOS NACIONALES : Colombia (1859/1886) (National Post Office).
CORREOS NALES : Colombia (1859/1886) (National Post Office).
CORREOS OAXACA : Mexico - Oaxaca.
CORREOS - RL PLATA F. : Cuba - Puerto Rico (1855/1866) (Real Plata Fuerte (silver real
based)).
CORREOS - RL. : Spain (1864).
CORREOS URBANO DE BOGOTA : Colombia - Bogota (Bogota City Post Office).
CORREOS URBANO MEDELLIN : Colombia - Medellin (Medellin City Post Office).
CORREOS Y TELEGEOS : Spain (1879).
CORREOS Y TELEGs : Spain (1879).
CORREOS YRAPA : (overprint on stamps of Venezuela - Marina) Control mark on locals
(1903).
CORRESPONDENCIA A DEBE : Panama - Postage dues (Correspondence With Payment
Due).
CORRESPONDENCIA OFICIAL : Mexico - Officials (Official Correspondence).
CORRESPONDENCIA URCENTE : Spain - Special delivery (Urgent Correspondence).
CORRIENTE : (overprint on stamps of El Salvador) Convert officials to ordinary postage
(1918).
CORRIENTES : Argentina - Corrientes (1856/1878).
CORRIERI ALTA ITALIA : Italy - Bicycle Post.
COS : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Coo (1912/1922).
COSTA ATLANTICA B. : Nicaragua - Province of Zelaya (1907).
COSTA ATLANTICA C. : Nicaragua - Cabo Gracias a Dios (1907).
CONSTANTINOPOLI : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey -
Constantinople (1909/1923).
COSTITUENTE FIUMANA - 24.IV.1921 : (overprint on stamps of Fiume) (1921).
COTE D'IVOIRE : Ivory Coast.
COTE DES SOMALIS : Somali Coast.
COTE FRANCAISE DES SOMALIS : Somali Coast.
COUR INTERNATIONALE DE JUSTICE : Netherlands - International Court of Justice -
Officials.
COUR PERMANENTE DE JUSTICE INTERNATIONALE : Netherlands - International
Court of Justice - Officials.
CPБИJA : Serbia - Newspaper stamps.
CPБИJA C. ДИHAPA : Serbia - German occupation.
C.P. : (overprint on stamps of Ivory Coast) Parcel posts (Colis Postaux).
C.P. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) (Commissioner of Police).
CPÁA XPBATA È CËOBEH×A : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia - Bosnia) Semipostals.
CPbCKA : Serbia.
CROCE ROSSA ITALIANA : Italy and San Marion - Semipostals (Italian Red Cross).
CROISSANT ROUGE TURC : Turkey - Semipostals (Turkish Red Crescent).
CROIX ROUGE : French language countries - Mostly semipostals (Red Cross).
CROIX ROUGE HAITIENNE : Haiti - Airmails (1945) (Haitian Red Cross).
CRUZ ROJA HONDURENA : Honduras - Postal tax stamps. (Honduran Red Cross).
CRUZ VERMELHA PORTUGUESA : Portugal - Red Cross franchise stamps (Portuguese
Red Cross).
CRVENI KRST : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Yugoslavia - Offices Abroad -
Semipostals.
C.S. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) (Chief Secretary).
CS : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Parcel posts (weight)
C.S.A. POSTAGE : United States of America - Confederate States.
C.SGN. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) (Colonial Surgeon).
CSOMAG : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Parcel posts (weight).
C.T. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) officials (1868/1874) (Commissioner of Titles).
CT. : Bulgaria.
CTOT. : Bulgaria.
CTOTNHKN : Bulgaria.
CUAUTLA : Mexico - Cuautla (1867).
CUBA : (overprints on stamps of U.S.A.) Cuba - U.S. Administration (1899).
CUCUTA : Colombia - Cucuta (1907 july).
CUERNAVACA : Mexico - Cuernavaca (1867).
CUNDINAMARCA : Colombia - Cundinamarca (1870/1904).
CURACAO : Netherlands Antilles (1873/1948).
CUZCO : (overprints on stamps of Peru or Arequipa) Peru - Cuzco - Chilean occupation (1882
april).
CYPRUS : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Cyprus (1880 january).
C.X.C. : (overprints on stamps of Bosnia Herzegovina) Yugoslavia - Bosnia and Herzegovina
(1918).

                                               D
ДNKCOH : (overprint) Illegal issues - Island located in the Russian Arctic, in the Kara sea - Is a
Rusian weather station located at 75°5 N - 80°4 E.
DAI NIPPON 2602 : (overprint on stamps of Malaya/States) Malaya - Japanese occupation -
Empire of Japan.
DAI NIPPON YUBIN : (overprint on stamps of Malaya/States) Malaya - Japanese occupation.
DANMARK : Denmark.
DANSK-VESTINDIEN : Danish West Indies.
DANSK-VESTINDISKE : Danish West Indies.
DANZIG : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Danzig (1920/1923).
DARDANELLES : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey (1910).
DATIA : India - Datia (1897).
D.B. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Destitute Board.
D.B.L. : (with additional overprint of three bars) Siberia.
D.B.L. : (overprint in script letters on stamps of Russia) Far Eastern Republic (1920).
D B P. : (overprint in script letters on stamps of Russia) Far Eastern Republic (1920).
D. de A. : Colombia - Antioquia (1868/1904) Department of Antioquia.
DDR : German Democratic Republic (East Germany) - Deutsche Democratisch Republik.
DE : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Ecuador - Tunguraugua.
DECRETO DE 27 JUNI'O 1870 : (overprint on Escuelas stamps) Venezuela.
DEDEAGH : France - Offices in Turkey - Dedeagh (1893/1903).
DEFENSA NACIONAL : Ecuador - Postal tax stamps - National Defense.
DEFICIENCIA DE FRANQUEO : Ecuador - Postage dues.
DEFICIENTE : Ecuador - Nicaragua - Postage dues.
DEFICIT : Peru - Postage dues.
DE LEON : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Control mark to prevent unmarked use (1902).
DELEGACOES : Portugal - Red Cross franchise stamps (1926 Lisbon, 1936 elsewhere).
DEL GOLFO DE GUINEA : Spanish Guinea.
DEN WAISEN SIROTAM : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Yugoslavia - Ljubljana - German
occupation (1944).
DE OFICIO : (overprint on stamps of Peru or El Salvador) Peru or El Salvador - Officials.
DEPARTMENTO DEL TOLIMA : Colombia - Tolima.
DEPT. OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS : Hawaii - Officials.
DERECHO JUDICIAL : Philippines revenues - Suitably re-overprinted as postage provisionals
(1880/1890) Judicature Fees.
DERECHOS DE FIRMA : Philippines revenues - Suitably re-overprinted as postage
provisionals (1880/1890) Documents Fee.
DEUTECHOSTERREICH : Austria.
DEUTSCHE NEU-GUINEA : German New Guinea.
DEUTSCH OESTR. POSTVEREIN : German States - Baden, Wurtemberg, Thurin and Taxis
- German-Austrian Postal Union.
DEUTSCH OSTAFRICA : German East Africa.
DEUTSCHE SUDWESTAFRCA : German South West Africa.
DEUTSCHE BUNDESPOST : Germany - German Federal Republic (West Germany).
DEUTSCHE DEMOKRATISCHE REPUBLIC : German Democratic Republic (East
Germany).
DEUTSCHE FELDPOST : Germany - Military parcel post stamps - German Fieldpost.
DEUTSCHE MILITAER-VERWALTUNG MONTENEGRO : (overprint on stamps of
Yugoslavia) Montenegro - German occupation (1943).
DEUTSCHE POFT : Germany.
DEUTSCHE POST : Germany.
DEUTSCHE POST OSTEN : (overprint on stamps of Germany) German occupation (1939).
DEUTSCHE REICHPOST : Germany - German Imperial Post.
DEUTSCHES REICH : Germany - German Empire.
DEUTSCHES REICH GENERALGOUVERNEMENT : Poland - German occupation
(1941/1944).
DHAR : India - Dhar (1898/1901).
DICKSON POSTAGE : (overprint) Illegal issues - Island located in the Russian Arctic, in the
Kara sea - Is a Rusian weather station located at 75°5 N - 80°4 E.
DIEGO-SUAREZ : (overprint on stamps of France) Diego-Suarez 1892.
DIENST : German language countries. Officials - Service.
DIENST : (overprint on stamps of Netherlands) Netherlands Indies - Officials (1911) Service.
DIENSTSACHE : Luxemburg - Official stamps.
DIENST SACHE : German States - Wurttemberg - Official stamps.
DIENSTMARKE : Germany, Bavaria, Prussia, Danzig or Saar - Officials - Service stamps.
DILIGENCIA : Uruguay (1856/1857) Stagecoach.
DIOS PATRIA LIBERTAD : Dominican Republic - God, Fatherland, Liberty.
DIOS, PATRIA, REY : Spain - Carlist issues (1874) God, Fatherland, King.
DIOS, UNION Y LIBERTAD : Honduras (1865) God, Union and Liberty.
DISTRICTO : (overprint on stamps of Arequipa) Peru - Cuzco (1881/1885).
DIWI RUBLI : (overprint on stamps of Latvia) 2 rubles.
DJ : (overprint on stamps of Obock) Somali Coast (1894/1902).
DJIBOUTI : Somali Coast.
DJIBOUTI : (overprint on stamps of Obock) Somali Coast (1894/1902).
D.L.O. : USA - Dead Letter Office.
DM : (currency overprint) Danzig - Officials - Dienst Marke.
DOLLAR : (currency overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in China (1917).
DOMINICANA : Dominican Republic.
DOPLATA : Central Lithuania - Poland - Postage dues.
DOPLATIT : (no country name) Czechoslovakia - Postage dues.
DOPLATNE : (no country name) Czechoslovakia - Postage dues.
D.P. : (overprint on stamps of Hong Kong) Private overprint by newspaper firm to prevent
misuse - Daily Press.
DPRK : North Korea (1977/present).
D.R. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Deed Registry.
DRIJVENDE BRANDKAST : Netherlands and Indies - Marine insurance stamps - Floating
Safe.
DRZAVA : Yugoslavia - Bosnia and Herzegovina (1918).
DUC. DI PARMA : Italian States - Parma.
DUITSCH OOST AFRIKA BELGISCHE BEZETTING : (overprint on stamps of Congo)
German East Africa - Belgian occupation (1916/1922).
DURAZZO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey - Durazzo (1909/1916).
DUTTIA : India - Duttia (1893/1921).

                                              E
ЭBEHKИЯ : Evenkia - Illegal issues - Autonomous region in Central Siberia.
E : (overprint on stamps of Bavaria) German States - Bavaria - Officials - Eisenbahn (railway).
E : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - (with date in upper and lower segments) Exeter (1698).
E : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (surmounted by crown in dotted oval frame) Etranger
(1704/1710).
E : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (in red) Entranger. During the Napoleonic Occupation of
Italy, special to letters addressed to Milan (1799).
E : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Scottish - (with "Free") Edinburgh (1788).
E : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Eingeganger.
E. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868-1874) - Engineer.
E.13 : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - (in oval) Gravenhage - Carrier mark (1859).
EΛΛAΣ : Grèce (Hellas).
EДИHAЯ POCCIЯ : South Russia - Denekin issues.
EΘNIKA ΠEPIΘAΛ ΨIΣ : Greece - Postal tax stamps.
EΛΛ. ΔIOIK. KIOYMOY-ΛTZINAΣ : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Thrace - Greek
occupation.
EΛΛ. AYOTON HΠEIPOΣ : Epirus.
EΛΛAΣ : Greece.
EΛΛAC : Greece.
EΛΛHNIKH-ΔIOKHΣIΣ : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Turkish occupation - 1912/1913.
EΛΛHNIKH-XEMAPPA : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Epirus - Chimarra issue.
EΛAHNIKH : Greece.
EA : (overprint on stamps of Algeria).
E.Ä. : (overprint on stamps of Cilicia) Greek occupation.
E.Ä.Ä. : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Dodecanese Islands.
E.A.F. : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) East Africa Force (1943/1946) - Somalia - East
Africa Force.
EAST AFRICA & UGANDA PROTECTORATES : East Africa and Uganda.
EAST AFRICA & UGANDA PROTECTORATES : Uganda and Tanzania.
EAST INDIA POSTAGE : (overprint with crown and new denominations) Straits Settlements -
India.
E.B. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Education Board.
E.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Eisenbahn (=Railway for T.P.O.).
ECUADOR : (overprint on stamps of Colombia airmails) Ecuador (1928/1929).
EDIFICIOS POSTALES : (overprint on stamps of El Salvador) Postal tax stamps.
EËËHNIKH-ÄIOKHCIC : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Use in North Epirus (Albania) -
1940.
E.E.F. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Egyptian Expeditionary Force.
EENDRAGT MAAKT MAGT. : South African Republic - Union Makes Strength.
EESTI : Estonia.
EESTI POST CARITAS : Estonia - Semipostals.
EESTI POST VIRUMMA : Estonia - Bolshevist occupation - Virumma, bogus issue
(1918/1919).
EE.UU. DE C. : Colombia - Tolima (1870).
EE. UU. DE COLOMBIA : Colombia (1886).
EE. UU. DE VENEZUELA : Venezuela.
EFO 1915 : (overprint on stamps of French Polynesia) Etablissements Francais de l'Oceanie -
French Oceanic Settlements (1915).
EFTERPORTO : Danish West Indies - Postage dues - Postage to Pay.
EGEO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands.
EGYKRAJCZAR : Hungary - One Kreuzer.
EGYPTE : Egypt.
EGYPTIENNES : Egypt.
EÏEIPO : (overprint on stamps of Epirus).
EINSCHREIBEN : German language countries - Registered.
EINZUZIEHEN : Danzig - Postage dues.
EIRE : Ireland.
EIS. BP. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Eisenbahn Post Buro.
EISEN B.POST : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Eisenbahn Post - Railway Post Office.
EJERCITO CONSTITUCIONALISTA : Constitutional Army - Mexico - Revenues
provisionally used as postage (1923).
EJERCITO RENOVADOR : Mexico - Sinaloa revenue (1923).
EKΘECIC : Greece - Salonika - Postal tax stamps.
EL PARLAMENTO A CERVANTES : Spain - Official stamps (1916).
EL SALVADOR : Salvador.
ELSAS : (overprint on stamps of Germany) France - German Occupation - Elsase (1940).
ELUA KENETA : Hawaii (1861/1893).
EMP. OTTOMAN : Turkey (1876/1892) or Eastern Rumelia (Empire Ottoman).
EMPIRE FRANC : France.
EMPIRE FRANÇAIS : France (1853/1871) or French Colonies (1871/1872).
EMPIRE FRANÇAIS TELEGRAPHES : France Telegraph.
E.N.A./E.N.E. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Spanish or Cuban - Empresa Norte American and
Norte Europe. (A shipping line mark) (1790/1856).
En. Numre : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - En Numéraire (Denoting that payment of
postage on mail from abroad is to be made in coin) (1796).
ENAPIOMON : Greece - Postage dues.
ENCOMENDES POSTAIS : Portuguese language countries (Parcel Post).
ENCOMIENDA : Uruguay - Parcel posts.
ENTREGA ESPECIAL : Cuba and Dominican Republic - Special deliveries.
ENTREGA IMMEDIATA : Cuba - Special deliveries (1910/194) (Immediate Delivery).
EO. SO. : Colombia (Estado Soberano - Sovereign state).
EONIKH : Greece - Tax stamps (1914).
E.P.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Etranger Pays-Bas.
EPMAKb : South Russia - Don issues.
EPMPKb : South Russia (1919).
E.P.S. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Chinese - Emergency Postal Service - Used at Shangaï
(1927).
EQUATEUR : Ecuador.
E.R. : (with Queen Elizabeth head) Great Britain (1952/1967).
E.R.I. : (overprint on stamps of Transvaal) Edward Rex Imperator.
ERITREA : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain - Offices in Eritrea
(1948/1951).
ERITREA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Eritrea (1892/1928).
EROI : (overprint on stamp of Italian) Northern Italy.
ERSTE K.K. PR. DONAU DAMPFSCHIFFAHRT GESELLSCHAFT : Danube Steam
Navigation Company.
E.S. : (overprint on stamps of Mexico - Sonora) (1914/1915).
ESC. : (currency) Spain - Escudos.
ESCUDO DEL DEPARTAMENTO DE MANAGUA : Nicaragua - Officials (1905) - Shield
of the Department of Managua.
ESCUELAS : Venezuela - Fiscals used as postage (1871/1895) - Schools.
E.S. DE ANTIOQUIA : Colombia - Antioquia - Estado Soberano (sovereign state).
E.S. DE PANAMA : Panama - Estado Soberano (sovereign state).
ESPANA : Spain.
ESPANA FRANQUEO : Spain - Carlist issues (1874/1875).
ESPANA SAHARA : Spanish Sahara.
ESPANA VALENCIA : Spain - Valencia - Carlist issues (1874/1875).
ESPANOLA : Spain.
ESPRESSO : Italy - Domestic express mail (Express).
EST AFRICAIN ALLEMAND OCCUPATION BELGE : (overprint on stamps of Congo)
German East Africa - Belgian occupation (1916/1922).
ESTADO DA INDIA : Portuguese India (1946/1962).
ESTADO DE NICARAGUA : Nicaragua.
ESTADO ESPANOL : Spain.
ESTADO GUYANA : Venezuela - Guayana.
ESTADO S. DEL TOLIMA : Colombia - Tolima.
ESTADO SOBERANO DE BOLIVAR : Colombia - Bolivar (Sovereign State of Bolivar).
ESTADO SOBERANO DE SANTANDER : Colombia - Santander (Sovereign State of
Santander).
ESTADO(S) : Spanish language countries - State(s).
ESTADOS UNIDA DE NUEVA GRANADA : Colombia - New Granada (1861).
ESTADOS UNIDOS DO BRASIL : Brazil - United States of Brazil.
ESTAF : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Estafette (1830).
ESTERO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices Abroad - General issue (1874/1885)
(Foreign).
E.T. : French language countries - State.
ETABLISSEMENTS DANS L'INDIE : French India (1892/1907).
ETABLISSEMENTS DE L'INDIE : French India (1892/1907).
ETABLISSEMENTS DE L'OCEANIE : French Polynesia.
ETABLISSEMENTS FRANCAIS DANS L'INDE : French India (1892/1907).
ETAT : French language countries (State).
ETAT DU CAMEROUN : Cameroun.
ETAT DU INCHI YA KATANGA : Province of Katanga.
ETAT FRANÇAIS : France - Gernman occupation (1940/1944).
ETAT INDEPENDANT DU CONGO : Congo (1886/1908).
E.T.F. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Espagne Transit Français (1818).
ETHIOPIE : Ethiopia (formerly Abyssinia).
ETHIOPIENNES : Ethiopia (formerly Abyssinia).
ETHOPIA : Ethiopia (formerly Abyssinia).
ETIOPIA : Ethiopia - Italian occupation (1936).
ETS. FRANCS. DE L OCEANIE : French Polynesia.
E.U. DE COLOMBIA : Colombia.
E.U. DO BRAZIL : Brazil.
EUPEN : (overprint on stamps of Belgium) German occupation (1920/1921).
EUPEN & MALMEDY : (overprint on stamps of Germany - Belgian) Germany - Belgian
occupation (1920/1921).
EXP : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Expéditionnaire (1892).
EXP : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Second delivery of the post (1847).
EXP. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - First delivery.
EXPED. SCIENT : (with oriental characters) China.
EXPERIMENTO POSTA AERO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Air mail special delivery
(1917).
EXPOSICION DE BARCELONA : Spain (1929/1930).
EXPOSICION GENERAL ESPANOLA : Spain.
EXPOSICION GRAL SEVILLA BARCELONA : Spain.
EXPOSITION COLONIALE INTERNATIONALE PARIS 1931 : (no colony name) France.
EXPOSITION INDUSTRIELLE DAMAS 1929 : Syria.
EXPOSITION PHILATELIQUE LE HAVRE 1929 : (overprint on stamps of France) 1929 -
Le Havre - Philatelic Exhibition.
EXPRES : many languages - Special delivery.
EXPRESO : many languages - Special delivery.
EXPRESSO : Italian and Portuguese languages - Special delivery.
EXTERIOR : (with design of Mercury) Uruguay - Parcel posts.

                                               F
F : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Falmouth (in green, also red). Found under date and place
of origin on Falmouth Packet Station arrival stamps (1810/1844).
F : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Foreign or Free.
F : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Danish - Fri or Früh.
F : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Franc (=Postage Paid).
F : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Franco.
F : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swedish - (surmounted by crown in oval) Fribrev (=Free
letters)(1685/1704).
FACTAJ : (overprint) Romania - Parcel posts (1928).
FARDOS POSTALES : El Salvador - Parcel posts.
FARDOS POSTALES : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italian Social Republic - Parcel posts.
FARIDKOT : India - Faridkot (1887/1901).
F.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Fra Corrieri (=By Courier) (1760).
F.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Franco Confine.
F.CHUR. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Fussacher Chur.
F.D. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Fischer Delle.
FDO. POO : Fernando Po (1897/1899).
FEDERACION VENEZOLANA : Venezuela.
FEDERATA DEMOKRATIKE MDERKOMETORE : Albania.
FEDERATED MALAY STATES : Malaya (1900/1935).
FEDERATION DU MALI : Mali.
FEDERATION OF MALAYA : Malaysia.
FEDERATION OF SOUTH ARABIA : South Arabia - Formerly Aden and western
protectorates (1963).
FELDPOST : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Military stamps (1944).
FELDPOST 2kg : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Military parcel posts (max. 2 kg, in
weight).
FEN : (currency overprint with Poczta Polska) Poland (1918) Fenigy.
FESTAD DE CIUDADE LISBOA : Portuguese and Azores postal tax stamps - Lisbon City
Festival.
FEZZAN : Libya - French occupation (1943/1945).
FEZZAN GHADAMES : Libya - French occupation (1943/1945).
F.F. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss Fischer Ferney. (Numerals are believed to indicate the
kreuzer due to the Swiss mail contractor Fischer. Similar marks are found without numerals on
internal mail)(1823/1827).
F.H. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch (in black) Nijmegen (Carrier mark)(1871).
FIERA CAMPIONARI TRIPOLI : Libya (1934).
FIERA DI TRIESTE : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Trieste (1950/1953).
FIJI TIMES EXPRESS : Fiji - Privately issued stamps prior to 1871.
FILIP'AS : Philippines.
FILIPAS IMPRESOS : Philippines - Newspaper stamps.
FILIPINAS : Philippines.
FIUME : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Fiume (1918/1919).
F.K.M.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swedish - Fack Med Bevakning av Postiljon. (=Goods
wagons with guarded letter boxes)(1913/1949).
F.K.M.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swedish - Fack Med Bevakning av Postiljon. (=Goods
wagons with guarded letter boxes)(1913/1949).
FLUCHTLINGSHILFE MONTENEGRO: (overprint on stamps of German) Italian and
Serbo-Croatian (1941).
FLUCHTLINGSHILFE MONTENEGRO : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Montenegro
- German Occupation semipostals (1944).
FLUGFRIMERKI : Iceland airmails.
FLUGPOST : German Language countries - Airmails.
F.M. : (overprint on stamps of France) Franchise Militaire - Military stamps (free-franking
privileges) (1901/1939).
F.N.F.L. : (overprint on stamps of French colonies) Free French Naval Forces (1940/1945)
Forces Navales Francaises Libres.
F.N.N. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Irish - Forenoon.
F.O. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Foreign Office (1828).
FOMENTO-AERO-COMMUNICACIONES : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Air mail
postal tax stamps.
FONDUL AVIETIEI : Romania - Postal tax stamps 1937.
FONO FOU 1958 SAMOA I SISIFU : Western Samoa (1958).
FORCES FRANCAISE LIBRES LEVANT : (overprint on stamps of Lebanon & Syria)
Military stamps - Free French Adminstration 1945.
FØROYAR : Faroe islands.
F.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Danish - (in circle) Fod Post (=Foot Post of
Copenhagen)(1856/1957).
F.p.K. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Franco or France par Kehl (1807/1812).
F.P.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - France par Maseyk.
F.P.O. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Foreign Post Office.
F.p.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Franco or France par Mannheim (1808/1815)
F.R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (in frame with cost in French) Mark of entry.
FR : French language countries - France.
FR. : (overprint on stamps of Mauritania) French West Africa (1943/1944).
FR. : (overprint on stamps of Senegal) French West Africa (1943/194).
FRANCA : (overprint on stamps of Peru - Franca) Chilean occupation.
FRANCE D'OUTRE-MER : French Colonies - Semipostals (1943).
FRANCE LIBRE : French India.
FRANCO : Philippines, Spain, Switzerland.
FRANCO : (overprint on stamps of Uruguay) Officials.
FRANCO 6 Cts. CORREOS : Spain.
FRANCO BOLLO : (with no country name on perforated stamps) Italy or Italian States - Free
Stamp.
FRANCO BOLLO : (with no country name on imperforated stamps) Sardinia - Free Stamp
FRANCO BOLLO GIORNALI STAMPE : Italy and Sardinia - Newspaper stamps.
FRANCO BOLLO POSTALE : (with denominations in Baj, Scudo, Centesimi) Roman States.
FRANCOBOLLO POSTALE PER GIORNALI : Fiume - Newspaper stamps.
FRANCOBOLLO POSTALE ROMAGNE : Italian States - Romagne.
FRANCOBOLLO POSTALE TOSCANO : Italian States - Tuscany.
FRANCOBOLLO POSTALE MODONES : Italian States - Modena.
FRANCOBOLO DI STATO : Italy - Official stamps - Free Stamp of the State.
FRANCO MARKE : German States - Bremen (1856/1860) Free Stamp.
FRANCO POSTE BOLLO : Italian States - Naples - Two Sicilies.
FRANCO SCRISOREI : Romania - Moldovia -Walachia (1862/1863) Free Stamp for Letter.
FRANK : Albania.
FRANKEER ZEGEL 2 ½ CENT : (currency overprint on fiscal stamps) Surinam - Postally
valid.
FRANKEER ZEGEL 2 ½ CENT : (currency overprint on marine insurance stamps of
Netherlands) Curacao - Postally valid.
FRANQUEO DEFICIENTE : Ecuador, Nicaragua, Paraguay, El Salvador - Postage dues.
FRANQUEO ESPANA : Spain - Carlist issues (1874/1950) Spanish Postage.
FRANQUEO IMPRESOS : Spain - Newspaper stamps.
FRANQUEO OFICIAL : Spanish language countries - Officials - Official Postage.
FRANQUICIA POSTAL : Spain - Franchise stamps (1881) Immune from Postal Tax.
Fr Br : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swedish - Fribrev (=Free letters)(1823).
FRCO-RDSBRG : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Danish - Franco Rendsborg (1784/1790).
FR. DD : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Francois Rodolphe de Dompierre.
FR.DEP : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Franco de Port (Lille Petite Post)(1784/1790).
FREE D. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Irish - Dublin - Free (1769/1784).
FREE E. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Scottish - Edinburgh - Free (1788/1792)
FREI DURCH ABLOSUNG Nr.16 : Germany - Local officials used Baden (1903/1905) Free
Through Redemption.
FREI DURCH ABLOSUNG NR.21 : Germany - Local officials used in Prussia (1903/195)
Free Through Redemption.
FREIE STADT DANZIG : Danzig - Free City of Danzig.
FREIMARKE : (no country name) German States - Baden, Prussia, Thurn & Taxis,
Wurttemberg - Free Stamp.
FREISTAAT BAYERN : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Bavaria (1919/1920).
F.R.H. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - (preceded by Liverpool) Floating Receiving House
(1856).
F.R.II D. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Mark of entry (1832).
FRIMAERKE KGL POST : Denmark (1851).
FRIMAERKE LOKALBREF : Sweden - Stockholm local (1856) - Free Stamp for Local
Letters.
FRIMARKE : Denmark, Norway, Sweden - Free Stamp.
FRIMERKE : Iceland - Free Stamp.
FR.KO. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Finnish - Franko (1860/1890).
F.S. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - (and coat of arms) Francesco Sforza (1458/1459).
F.S.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - France Service Publique (1867).
F.T. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - (in oval) Franco de Tasse (=Prepaid) (1760).
FUERSTENTUM LIECHTENSTEIN : Liechtenstein.
FURSTENTUM LIECHTENSTEIN : Liechtenstein.

                                             G
G : (overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope) Griqualand West (1877/1880).
G : (overprint on stamps of Canada) Officials.
G : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Belgian - Gand (Ghent) (1770/1800).
G : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - (used with date below) Glasgow (1827).
G : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (in circle) Gouvernement (1810).
G : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Genève.
G : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Genova.
G & A Pact. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Greenock & Ardrishaig Packet (1879/1917).
G & D : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Guadeloupe - Guadeloupe and Dependencies
(1903/1904).
GAB : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Gabon (1886/1889).
GABON : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Gabon (1889).
GAL. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Général.
GARCH : Saudi Arabia (1929/1930).
GARZON : Colombia - Tolima (1894).
G.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (in frame with cost in French) Mark of entry (1857).
G.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Grossherzogtum Baden.
GC : (overprint on stamps of Mexico- Acambaro) Gobierno Constitutionalista (Constitutional
Government) - Mexico.
GCM : (overprint on stamps of Mexico - Oaxaca and Sonora) Mexico - Oaxaca and Sonora -
Revenues - Gobierno Constitutionalista Mexico (Constitutional Government of Mexico).
GD : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Guadeloupe (1903/1904) - Guadeloupe et
Dependances.
G.D. DU LUXEMBOURG : Luxembourg (1859/1882) Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
GD LIBAN : (overprint on stamps of France) Lebanon.
GD-OT : (overprint on stamps of Czechoslovakia - Bohemia and Moravia) Newspaper stamps
used by commercial firms.
G.E.A. : (overprint on stamps of East Africa & Uganda) German East Africa - British
occupation (1917).
G.E.A. : (overprint on stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika) Tanganyika (1921/1922).
GEBYR : (overprint on stamps of Denmark) Late fee (1923).
GEBYRMAERKE : Denmark - Late fee.
G.E.C./C : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Venetian - Gerolano Cortecelli e Compagnia (1795/1797).
GEN-GOUV. WARSCHAU : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Poland - German occupation
(1916/1917).
GENERAL GOUVERNEMENT : Poland - German occupation (1940/1944).
GENEVE : Switzerland - Geneva (1843/1849).
GEORGIE : Georgia (1919).
GEORGIENNE : Georgia (1920).
GERUSALEMME : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Jerusalem.
GERUSALEMME : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey - Jerusalem
(1909/1911).
G.F. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Gold Fields.
G.F.4 : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Genève par Ferney 4 Kreuzer.
G.F.B. : (overprint on stamps of Tonga) Officials - Gaue Faka Buleaga (On Government
Service).
GHADAMES TERRITOIRES MILITAIRE : Libya - French occupation (1949).
GHANA INDEPENDENCE 6th MARCH 1957 : (overprint on stamps of Gold Coast) Ghana
(1961).
GIBRALTAR : (overprint on stamps of Bermuda) Gibraltar.
GILBERT & ELLICE PROTECTORATE : (overprint on stamps of Fiji) Gilbert and Ellice
Island Protectorate.
GIORNALI STAMPE : Italian States - Sardinia - Newspaper stamps (=Printed
Newspapers)(1861).
GL. O. A. 7 FEV. 1914 : (overprint on stamps of Haiti) For General Oreste Zamor, future
president (1914).
G.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Portuguese - (in oval) Gerencia Maritima (1827).
G.N.R. : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Guardia Nazionale Repubblicana (definitive, airmail,
special delivery and war propaganda)(1929/1942).
GOB. CONS(T). : (overprint on stamps of Mexico - Cuanajuanta - Nueva Leon) Gobierno
Constitucionalista (Constitutional Government) (1914).
GOBIERNO : (overprint on stamps of Peru) Officials (=Government).
GOBIERNO CONSTITUCIONALISTA MEXICO : Mexico - Sonora revenues.
GOBIERNO CONSTITUCIONALISTA MEXICO : (overprint on stamps of Mexico -
Oaxaca) Revenues.
GOBIERNO REVOLUCIONARIO : Mexico - Yucutan revenues.
GOLFE DU BENIN : Benin.
GOLFE DE GUINEE : Spanish Guinea (1907/1949).
GOR : Gorée (Senegal) - French colony.
GORNY SLASK : Upper Silesia - Unrecognized locals of Polish origin for towns of Beuthen,
Kattowitz and Gleiwtz.
GOVERNATORATO DEL MONTENEGRO : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia)
Yugoslavia - Montenegro - Italian occupation.
GOVERNO MILITARE ALLEATO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Allied military
government (1943).
GOVT. PARCELS : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Officials.
GOYA : Spain (1930).
G.P. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Government Printer.
G.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - General Post (1788/1834).
G.P. DE M. : Mexico - Oaxaca revenues and others (1916/1918) - Gobierno Proviorio de
Mexico (Provisional Government of Mexico).
G.P.E. : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Guadaloupe (1884/1891).
G.P.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - General Post Paid (1799/1829).
GR : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Grenze (=Frontier).
GRAHAM LAND : (overprint on stamps of Falkland Islands - Graham Land) (1944).
GRANA : Italian States - Two Sicilies (1861).
GRANADA : Colombia - Granada (1861).
GRANADINA : Colombia - Granadina (1859/1860).
GRAND COMORE : Grand Comoro (1897/1912).
GRAND DUCHE DU LUXUMBOURG : Luxembourg (post 1891).
GRAND LIBAN : Lebanon (1924/1927).
GRENVILLE : Liberia.
G.R.I. : (overprint on stamps of German New Guinea) New Britain (1914/1915) - Georgius Rex
Imperator (George, King and Emperor).
G.R.I. : (overprint on stamps of German Samoa) Samoa (1914) - Georgius Rex Imperator
(George, King and Emperor).
G.R.I. : (overprint on stamps of Marshall Islands) New Britain (1914) - Georgius Rex Imperator
(George, King and Emperor).
GROENEKRUIS : Surinam - Semipostals (Green Cross).
GROENLAND : Greenland.
GROSSDEUTSCHES REICH : Germany - Semipostals (1943/1945).
GROSSDEUTSCHES REICH BOHMEN UND MAHREN : Czechoslovakia - Bohemia &
Moravia.
GROSSDEUTSCHES REICH GENERAL GOUVERNEMENT : Poland - German
occupation semipostals (1943/1944).
GROSZY : (surcharge) Poland - Revalidating stamps after currency reform (1950).
GRZ : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Grenze (=Frontier).
G.S. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Government Storekeeper.
G.T. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Goolwa Tramway.
GT. PRE : (overprint on stamps of Haiti) (1902) Gouvernement Provisiore (Provisional
Government).
GUADALAJARA : Mexico - Guadalajara (1867/1868).
GUADELOUPE : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Guadeloupe (1889/1891).
GUAM : (overprint on stamps of the U.S.A.) Guam - U.S.A. Administration (1899).
GUANACASTE : Costa Rica - Guanacaste - Discounted stamps for exclusive use there
(1885/1890).
GUATEMALA C.A. : Guatemala - Centro America (Central America).
GUINE : (overprinted on stamps of Cape Verde) Portuguese Guinea.
GUINE PORTUGUESA : Portuguese Guinea.
GUINEA CONTIAL : Espanola - Spanish Guinea (1903/1909).
GUINEA CONTINENTAL : (overprint on stamps of Elobey, Annobon and Corsico) Spanish
Guinea (1906).
GUINEA CORREOS : (overprint on stamps of Spanish Guinea) Fraudulent overprints (1914).
GUINEA ECUATORIAL : Equatorial Guinea.
GUINEA ESPANOLA : Spanish Guinea (1902, 1949/1960).
GUINEE : French Guinea (1906/1942).
GUINEE FRANCAISE : French Guinea (pre-1906).
GULTIG 9. ARMEE : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Romania - German occupation
(1918).
GUY. FRANC. : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) With dates and new values - French
Guiana (1886/1892).
GUYANA : (overprint on stamps of British Guiana) Guyana (1966/1968).
GUYANE : (overprint on stamps of France) French Guiana (pre-1904).
GUYANE FRANCAISE : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) French Guiana
(1886/1892).
G.W. : (overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope) Griqualand West (1877).
GWALIOR : India - Gwalior.
G.W.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - (monogram) Geoctroyeerde West. Ind. Comp.
(Amsterdam).
G.W.S.T. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Great Western Station.

                                           H
H. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Hammelburg (Bavaria).
H. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Belgian - Hollandisch (1790-1800).
H. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Hamilton (Bermuda) (1865).
H. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Den Haag.
H. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Hospital.
H & K Pkt : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Holyhead & Kingston Packet.
H.3 : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - (in red) Haarlem - Carrier mark (1857).
H.10 : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - (in red) Haarlem - Carrier mark (1857).
H.A. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - House Assembly.
H.A. П.B. П : (overprint on stamps of Russia- Nikolaevsk issue) Siberia.
HABILITADO : Spanish language countries - Restored value to demonetized stamps -
Qualified.
HABILITADO : (overprint on stamps of Cuba) Cuba - U.S. Administration (1898/1899).
HADHRAMAUT : (overprint on stamps of Cuba) Cuba - U.S. Administration (1898/1899).
HADI SEGELI OZVEGYEKNEK ES ARVAKNAK KET (2) FILLER : (overprint on
stamps of Hungary) Hungary - Semipostals (1914) - War Subscription for the Widows and
Orphans of Fallen Fighters.
HAGA PATRIA : Mexico - Postal tax stamps.
HAMBURG/A : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Hamburg-Amsterdam. (Railway
stamp)(1848).
HANG KHONG : Vietnam - Airmails.
HANNOVER : German States - Hanover (1850/1866).
HARPER : Liberia.
HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN : Jordan (1949/present).
HATAY DEVLETI : Hatay.
HAUT-SENEGAL NIGER : Upper Senegal & Niger (1914/1917).
HAUTE SILESIE : Upper Silesia.
HAUTE SILESIE COMMISION DE GOUVERNMENT : Upper Silesia.
HAUTE-VOLTA : Upper Volta.
HAUTE-VOLTA : (overprint on stamps of Upper Senegal and Niger) Upper Volta.
H.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Herzogtum Braunschweig (Duchy of Brunswick).
H.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Danish - Hamborg (1778/1804).
H.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Hamburg.
H.B.A. : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Siberia (1921).
H. BUCHSEE : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Herzogen Buchsee.
H.D. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Danish - Hamburg Danske.
HEЛEЛbA ЦBEPHOГ KPCTA : Yugoslavia - Postal tax stamps.
HEALTH : New Zealand - Semipostals.
HEDJAZ & NEDJDE : Saudi Arabia (1929/1933).
HEJAZ & NEJD : Saudi Arabia (1929/1933).
H.E.H. THE NIZAM'S : India - Hyderabad (1927/1949).
HELLAS : Greece (1966/present).
HELVETIA : Switzerland.
HERZEGOLICHE POSE FREMARKE : German States - Holstein.
HERZOGTH HOLSTEIN : German States - Schleswig-Holstein.
HERZOGTH SCHLESWIG : German States - Schleswig-Holstein.
H.G. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Holländische Grenze.
H. H. NAWAB SHAH JAHANBEGAM : India - Bophal.
H.I. : Hawaii.
H.I. with U.S. POSTAGE : Hawaii (1851).
HIIUMA POST : Illegal issue.
HIRLAPJECY : Hungary - Newspaper stamps (1900/1922).
HIRLIP BELYEG : Hungary - Newspaper stamps (1900/1922).
HIVASTLOS : Norway - Official.
H.J.Z. : (overprint on stamps of Palestine) Hedjaz Railway (1919).
H.K. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Hazerswonde-Kondekerk (1811/1850).
HOBY : Montenegro (1874/1896).
HOCHWASSER 1920 : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Semipostals (1920) - High Water.
HOI HAO : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China - Hoi Hao
(1901/1919).
HOLKAR STATE : India - Indore (1886/1906).
HOLST.EB.P.SB. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Holstein Eisenbahn Post Speditions
Bureau.
HOLSTEIN : German States - Schleswig-Holstein (1864).
HOLY ISLAND - SCOTLAND : Scotland - Issues stamps under their own authority.
HONDA : (overprint on stamps of Colombia - Tolima) (1896).
HOPFLUG : Iceland - Airmails.
HOPFLUG ITALIA 1933 : (overprint on stamps of Iceland) Balbo airmail flight (1933).
HORI b. B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Höri bei Bülach.
HORTA : Horta - Azores (1892/1906).
H.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - House of Peers (Receiving House)(1834).
H.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - (following Schiedam) Hollandsche Post (1795).
H.P. : Bulgaria.
H.P. : Armenia - Hagagan Post (Armenia Post).
HPБЂЛГAPИЯ : Bulgaria - Bulgaria People's Republic.
H.P.N. : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Spain - Teruel province - Canaries and Murcia (1868) -
Habilitacion por la Nacion.
H.R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Haut-Rhin.
H.R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Helvetische Republik (=Swiss Republic).
HRVATSKA : Yugoslavia or Croatia.
HRZGL POST FRM : German States - Holstein (1864).
HRZGL POST FRMRK : German States - Holstein (1864).
H.S. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) ? (On letter from London to Switzerland).
HT. SENEGAL & NIGER : Upper Senegal & Niger (1906/1914).
HURRICANE HATTIE : (overprint on stamps of British Honduras) Semipostals for hurricane
of Oct. 31, 1961 relief).
HYDERABAD : India - Hyderabad (1946).

                                                I
I : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Ireland Isle (Bermuda)(1865).
I : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (in square or oval) Inconnu or Inspection (on letters
incompletely addressed)(1788/1798).
I.A. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Immigration Agent.
I.B. : West Irian (1970).
I.C.C. : (overprint on stamps of India) Int. Commission on Indo-China (1965/1968).
ICKERIA : Republic of Ichkeria also called Chechenia - Illegal issues - Autonomous republic
in the Caucasus region.
IDAR : India - Idar (1939/1944).
IDROVOLANTE : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Hydroplane airmail (1917) - By Hydroplane.
I.E. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Intestate Estates.
I.E.F. : (overprint on stamps of India) Military stamps (1914) - India Expeditionary Force.
I.E.F. D : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Mesopotamia (1919).
IERUSALEM : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey - Jerusalem
(1909/1910).
I.G. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Inconnu or Inspection Garde (on undelivered letters
retained for a period) (1790).
I GILDA : (overprint on stamps of Iceland) Restoring postal validity (1902) - In Validity.
I.J.P.O. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Japanese - Imperial Japanese Post Office.
IKAPIAΣ : Icaria
ILE ROUAD : Rouad.
ILE ROUAD : (overprint on stamps of French Levant) Rouad (1916).
ILES WALLIS ET FUTUNA : (overprint on stamps of New Caledonia) Wallis and Futuna
Islands. (1920/1940).
ILHAS : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Portuguese - Islands - Put on letters from the Azores at
Lisbon (1845).
I.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - INDIA Mail.
IMPER. REG POSTA AUSTR : Austria - Offices in Turkey (1883/1886).
IMPERIAL BRITISH EAST AFRICA COMPANY : British East Africa.
IMPERIO COLONIAL PORTUGUES : (no colony name) Portuguese Africa - Postage dues -
1945.
IMPERIO DO BRASIL : Brazil (1887/1888) - Empire of Brazil.
IMPERIO MEXICANO : Mexico (1866) - Empire of Mexico.
IMPERIUM : Queen Victoria essays produced by De la Rue & Company. Ltd. as samples with
no specific country named.
IMPRESOS : Cuba - Philippines - Newspaper stamps - Prints.
IMPRIME : (overprint) Turkey - Newspaper stamps - Printed.
IMPRIMES : (overprint) Iran - Newspaper stamps - Printed.
IMPTO DE GUERRA : Spain - War tax stamps (1874/1898) - War Tax.
IMPUESTO : Chile - Revenues used as postage - Tax.
IMPUESTO DE ENCOMIENDAS : Uruguay - Parcel posts.
IMPUESTO DE GUERRA : Spain - War tax stamps (1874/1898) - War Tax.
INCHI YA ETAT DU KATANGA : Katanga - Rebellion against the Belgian Congo.
iNCi YIL DONUMU : Turkey.
INDE : French India.
INDIA : (with Portuguese or words REIS, REAL, TANGAS or RUPIA) Portuguese India.
INDIA PORT. : Portuguese India (1871/1886).
INDIA PORTUGUEZA : Portuguese India (1887/1895).
INDIE : French India.
INDO-CHINE : Indo-China.
INDONESIA : (not preceded by REPUBLIK) Netherlands Indies.
INDONESIA REPUBLIK : Indonesia.
INDORE : India - Indore (1904/1947).
INDUSTRIELLE KRIEGS-WIRTSCHAFTS : (overprint on stamps of Switzerland) War
Board of Trade.
INDUSTRIELLE KRIEGSWIRTSCHAFTS : (overprint on stamps of Switzerland) War
Board of Trade - Unissued 1918 circular ovpt.
INDUSTRIELLE KRIEGSWIRTSCHAFTS : Switzerland War Board of Trade - Officials
(1918).
INHAMBANE : (overprint on stamps of Mozambique) Inhambane (1894/1895).
INKERI : North Ingermanland (1920).
INLAND : (on stamp with no country name) Liberia.
INSELPOST : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Military stamps.
INSELPOST : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Island post (used in Aegean Sea beginning of
20th century).
INSTRUCAO D.L. No. 7 de 3-2-34 : (overprint on war tax stamps of Portuguese India) Timor -
Postal tax stamps (1934/1935).
INSTRUCCION : Venezuela - Fiscal stamps.
INSTRUCCION SELLO PROVISIONAL CARUPANO 1902 : Venezuela - Carupano
(1902).
INSUFFICIENTLY PREPAID POSTAGE DUE : Zanzibar (1931/1933).
Ion.Ple : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Inspection Postale or Principale (on undelivered
letters opened to discover sender name and address)(1790).
IONIKON KPATOΣ : Ionian Islands - Ionian Government.
I.O.V.R. : Romania - Postal tax stamps (1948).
I.P.N. : (overprint on stamps of India) Fiscal commission on due notes - Indian Postal Note.
I POLSKA WYSTAWA MAREK : (overprint on stamps of Poland) Semipostals - White Cross
Society.
I.R. : (overprint on stamps of U.S.) Internal Revenue issues.
I.R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Imperiale Reale.
I.R. : Ireland Revenue.
IRANIENNES : Iran (1935/1937).
IRAQ IN BRITISH OCCUPATION : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Mesopotamia
(1918/1922).
IRIAN BARAT : West Irian (New Guinea) (1963/1968).
ISLAND : Iceland.
ISLAS DE JUAN FERNANDEZ : Chile - Juan Fernandez Islands - Also seeing general use
(1910).
ISLAS GALAPAGOS : Ecuador - Galapagos Islands.
I.R. OFFICIAL : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Officials (1882/1904) - Inland
Revenue.
I.S. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Inspector of Sheep.
ISOLE ITALIANE DELL EGEO : (overprint on stamps of Italian) Italy - Aegean Islands
(1930/1940).
ISOLE JONIE : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Ionian Islands - Italian occupation (1941).
I.S.P.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Italia Servizio Publico (1862/1866).
I.S.T. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - 1PSWICH Station.
ISTRA SLOVENSKO PRIMORJE : Yugoslavia - Issues for Istria and the Slovene Coast
(1946).
ISTRIA LITTORALE SLOVENO : Yugoslavia - Issues for Istria and the Slovene Coast
(1946).
I.T. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Transit par l'Italie.
ITA-KARIALA : (overprint on stamps of Finland) Karelia - Finnish military administration
(1941/19xx ?).
ITALIA OCCUPAZIONE MILITARE ITALIANA ISOLE CEFALONIA E ITACA :
(overprint on stamps of Greece) Ionian Islands - Italian occupation.
ITALIAN SOMALILAND : Somalia.
ITALIANE : Italy.
ITALIANO : Italy.
IZMIR HIMAYEIETFAL CEMIYETI : Turkey - Tax stamps (1933).

                                              J
J : (overprint on stamps of Peru) Peru - Yca (1884).
J. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Inconnu oder inspection.
JЧ ГOCЛABИJA : Yugoslavia.
JA ЦPECHN KPCT : (and cross) Yugoslavia - Postal tax stamps.
JAFFA : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey (1909/1910).
JAIPUR : India - Jaipur (1904/1949).
JAMHURI ZANZIBAR TANZANIA : Zanzibar (1964/1968).
JANINA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey - Janina (1902/1911).
JAPANESE : Japan (1876/1896).
JAVA : (overprint on stamps of Netherlands Indies ) for Java and Madura - To check the
frequency of mail (1908).
JEEND STATE : (overprint on stamps of India - Jhind) 1885.
JERUSALEM : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey (1909/1910).
JIND : (overprint on stamps of India - Jhind) 1913/1943.
JIND STATE : (overprint on stamps of India - Jhind) 1885/1913.
JOHOR : (overprint on stamps of Straits Settlements) Malaya - Johore (1884/1891)
JOHORE : Malaya - Johore.
JORNAES : Portuguese language countries for printed matter - Journals.
JOURNAUX : France - For newspapers and printed matter (1868) - Journals.
JOURNAUX DAGBLADEN : (overprint on stamps of Belgium) Newspaper stamps.
J.R.B.Pst.Exp. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Danish - Jernbane Post Expeditionen (=railway Post
Office) (1847/1857).
J.R.G. AEREO VALE 1946 : (overprint on stamps of Venezuela) Under the Junta
Revolucionaria de Gobierno.
JUAN FERNANDEZ : (overprint on stamps of Chile) 1910.
JUBILE DE L'UNION POSTALE UNIVERSELLE : Switzerland (1900).
JUEGOS OLYMPICOS : (overprint on stamps of Costa Rica) Semipostals.

                                              K
K : (with no country name) Bosnia and Herzegovina.
K. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Letter of the Paris Private Post with a number, meaning
Banlieue or outsides the Paris gates (1760).
K. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Polish (in circle surmounted by a crown) Krakow (1786/1792).
K 60 K : (surcharge on stamps of Russia) Armenia (1919).
K-numeral-K : (surcharge) Far Eastern Republic (1920).
KИTHИ : Russia - Offices in China.
KAПATCbKA ЧkPAIHA : Carpatho - Ukraine.
KA3AKCTAH : Republic of Kazakhstan.
KAISERLICHE KONIGLICHE OESTERRPOST : Austria (1853/1907).
KAISERLICHE KONIGLICHE OSTERREICHISCHE POST : Austria (1853/1907).
KAIS KON : Austria (1853/1907).
KALAALLIT NUNAAT : Greenland.
KALATDLIT NUNAT : Greenland.
KALAYAAN NANG PILIPINAS : Philippines - Japanese occupation.
KALIMANTAN, REPUBLIC : (overprint on stamps of Indonesia) Bogus overprint for
independence movement.
KAMERUN : Cameroun (1900/1918).
KAMERUN : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Cameroun (1897).
KAMPUCHEA : Cambodia.
Kans. : (overprint on stamps of U.S.) Kansas overprints to reduce theft (1929).
KAP : Latvia (1918/1922).
KAPПATCbKA-YKRAIHA : Czechoslovakia - Carpatho-Ukraine.
KARJALA : Karelia (1922).
KARKI : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Calchi (1912/1922).
KARLFONDS : Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Military fieldpost stamps with charity
surcharge - Emperor Karl's Fund.
KARNTEN ABSTIMMUNG : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Austria - Carinthian plebescite
(1920).
KARO NASLAICLAMS : (overprint on stamps of Lithuania) Semi-postal for War Invalids Feb
1924.
KAROLINEN : Caroline Islands.
KASAI (SOUTH KASAI) : Congo - Unrecognized state (1960/1961).
KATANGA : Congo - Unrecognized state (1960/1963) - Revolt was against the Republic of the
Congo.
KATCHAK POSTA : (overprint in Turkish characters) Turkey - Used on attempted but caught
smuggled private letters into Greece, representing double postage and fine paid - Smuggled
Letter.
KATHERI STATE OF SEIYUN : Aden - Katheri (1942).
KAULBACH ISLAND : (1971/1984) Island of the coast of Nova Scotia with local post stamps
to frank mail to the nearest Canadian post office on the mainland.
K. CP БCKA ПOЩTA : Serbia.
K.C.-NOUITA : Serbia (1866) - Princely Serbian Post.
K.D. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Kaiserliche Deutsche (Imperial Germany).
K.D.P.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Danish - Königlich Dansk Post Amt (Royal Danish Post
Office) (1846/1857).
KEDAH : Malaya - Kedah.
KEELING : Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
KELANTAN : Malaya - Kelantan.
KEMAHKOTAAN : (overprint on stamps of Malaya - Johore) For new Sultan (1896) -
Coronation.
KENTTA POSTIA. PUOLUSTUSVOIMAT : Finland - Military stamps.
KENTTA-POSTI FALTPOST : Finland - Military stamps (1943).
KENTTAPOSTIA : Finland - Military stamps (1941/1963).
KENYA & UGANDA : Kenya, Uganda & Tanzania (1922/1933).
KENYA UGANDA TANGANYIKA : Kenya, Uganda & Tanzania (1935/1964).
KENYA UGANDA TANZANIA : Kenya, Uganda & Tanzania (1965/1976).
KERASSUNDE : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey (1909/1910).
K.G.C.A. : (overprint on newspaper stamps of Yugoslavia) Yugoslavia - Carinthian plebescite
(1920) - Koruska Glasoona Cona A (Carinthian Plebescite Zone A).
KGL. POST FRM. : (denomination in cents) Danish West Indies (1855/1873) - Kongeligt Post
Freimaerk (Royal Post Free Stamp).
KGL. POST FRM. : (denomination in skillings) Denmark (1851/1868) ) - Kongeligt Post
Freimaerk (Royal Post Free Stamp).
KHMERE : Cambodia (1971/195).
KHOR FAKKAN : Sharjah (1964/?).
K.Ï. : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Postal tax stamps.
KIAUTSCHOU : Kiauchau.
KIBRIS : Cyprus.
KIBRIS CUMHURIYETI : Cyprus - Cyprus Republic.
KIBRIS TURK FEDERE DEVLETI : Cyprus - Turkish occupation.
KINGSTON RELIEF FUND 1d : (overprint on stamps of Barbados) Semipostals for help for
Jamaican earthquake (1906).
KIONGA : (overprint on stamps of Lourenzo Marques) Kionga (1916).
KISHANGARH : India - Kishangarh (1904/1947).
KISHENGARH : India - Kishangarh (1899/1904).
K.K. (BRIEF MARKEN) : Austria - Imperial Royal Letter Stamp.
K.K.G.A.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Austrian - Kaiserl. Königl. Grenz-Amts-Post (=Imperial
Frontier Post Office) (1840).
K K K : (overprint on stamps of Philippines - Aguinaldo) Political secret society - Kataas-taasan
Kagalanggalang Katipunan.
KK-POST-STEMPEL : (with values in kreuzer) Austria - Imperial Royal Postage Stamp.
KK-POST-STEMPEL : (with values in cents) Austria - Lombardy Venetia - Imperial Royal
Postage Stamp.
KLAIPEDA : Memel - Lithuanian occupation (1923).
K.N.D.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Norwegian - Kon Norwegian Danmark Conto. (1840).
KOЛETHИ ПPATKИ : Bulgaria - Parcel post.
KOП-KOP. : Finland.
KOH : Russia, South Russia, Far Eastern Republic, Finland, Latvia or Batum.
KOINΩNIKH ΠRONOIA : Greece - Postal tax stamps.
KOLONIE CURACAO : Netherlands Antilles (1903/1908) - Colony of Curacao.
KOLONIE SURINAME : Surinam (1903/1908) - Colony of Surinam.
KON : Russia, South Russia, Far Eastern Republic, Finland, Latvia or Batum.
KONGELIGT POST FRIMAERKE : Denmark (1851) - Royal Post Free Stamp.
KONGRESI K.K.F.S. : (overprint on stamps of Albania) Postal tax semipostals.
KONINKRIJK DER NEDERLANDEN : Netherlands - Kingdom of the Netherlands.
KOPYTΣA : Epirus - Karitsa issue.
KORCA : Albania (1914/1918).
KORCE : Albania (1914/1918).
KOUANCTCHE-OUWAN : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China -
Kwangchowan (1906/1941).
KOUANG-TCHEOU : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China -
Kwangchowan (1906/1941).
KOWEIT : (overprint on stamps of India) Trial settings.
KOZTARSASAG : Hungary (1918/1919) - Republic.
K.P. : (overprint on stamps of Philippines) Japanese occupation - Kagamitang Pampamahalaan.
KPAЛbEBИHA CPБИJA : Serbia.
KPAЛbEBИHA CPБA XPBATAИ CЛOBEHAЦA : Yugoslavia.
KPAЉEBCTBO C. X. C. : Yugoslavia.
KPALJEVSTVO SRBA, HRVATA I SLOVENACA : Yugoslavia.
KPbIMCKЛГO KPAEBOГO ПPABKTEЛbCTБA : South Russia - Crimea.
KPCT.A. : Yugoslavia - Postal tax stamps.
KPHTH : Crete.
KR. : (currency) Austria, Baden, Bavaria, Germany, Hungary or Wurttemberg - Kronen
(crown).
Kr. 1.98 : (overprint on stamps of Sweden) Parcel posts.
Kr. 2.12 : (overprint on stamps of Sweden) Parcel posts.
KRAlb. UPHATOPA : Montenegro.
KRALJEVINA SRBA, HRVATA I SLOVENACA : Yugoslavia - Kingdom of Serbia, Croatia
and Slovenia.
K.S. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swedish - Konigal Schwed. (1830/1840).
K.S. & N.P.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Königliche Schwedische und Novegische
Post Amt (Cantor) (= Scandinavian Post Office at Hamburg) (1823/1864).
K.S. & N.P.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Königliche Schwedische und Novegische
Post Amt (Cantor) (= Scandinavian Post Office at Hamburg) (1823/1864).
K.S.A. : Saudi Arabia (1975/present).
K.S.N.P.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - As above but used at Greifswald (1823/1827).
K.S.P.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Königliche Schwedische und Novegische Post
Amt (Cantor) (=Scandinavian Post Office at Hamburg) (1823/1864).
K.S.P.A. (D) : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Königliche Schwedische und Novegische
Post Amt (Cantor) (=Scandinavian Post Office at Hamburg) (1823/1864).
K.U.D.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Prussian - Kriegs und Domänen Cammer.
K.U.K. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Austrian (and Hungarian) Kaiserlich und Königlich
(=Imperial and Royal).
K.U.K. : Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Kaiserliche und Konigliche (Imperial and Royal).
K-U-K FELDPOST : (overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Austria - Military
stamps (1915).
K-U-K FELDPOST : Austria - Military stamps (1915/1918).
K-U-K FELDPOST : (with denominations in bani or lei) Romania - Austrian occupation
(1917/1918).
K-U-K-MILITARPOST : Bosnia and Herzegovina (1912/1918) - Kaiserliche und Konigliche
Militarpost (Imperial and Royal Military Post).
KUPA : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Italian occupation (1941/1942).
KURLAND : (overprint on stamps of Latvia) German occupation (1945).
KURUS : Turkey.
KUWAIT : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Kuwait (1948/1958).
KUWAIT : (overprint on stamps of India) Kuwait (1923/1945).
KUZEY KIBRIS TURC CUMHURIYETI : Turkey Republic from North Cyprus.

                                              L
L : (overprint on stamps of Colombia) Airmails carried by LANSA company.
L : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - (in circle) Sunday frank in use at Lombard St. (London)
P.O. (1836).
L : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - (in circle) Denotes Too Late (1833).
L : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Ligurie.
L : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (surmounted by crown) Limoges (1728).
L : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (in circle) Lyon (1790).
L : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (surmounted by royal crown) Lyon (1791).
L : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - (very small in ornamental frame) Leipsig (1715).
L : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Polish - (in circle surmounted by crown) Lublin (1780/1802).
L : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - de Loêche (in letters from Zurich and Lucerne for Valais)
(1814/1815).
L : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Venetian - Lendinara (1760/1763).
L & S POST : (overprint on stamps of Newfoundland) Airmail to ordinary use conversion
(1931) (Land and Sea Post).
L1 : (overprint on airmail stamps of Colombia) Used to prepay additional air fees (1948).
L1 : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Used for Late Fee letters.
L2 : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Used for Late Fee letters.
L4 : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Used for Late Fee letters.
L.A. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) (Lunatic Asylum).
L.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Austrian - Lettre Autrichienne (1824/1854).
LA AGUERA : Aguera (1920/1922).
LAB : Bolivia - Airmails (Lloyd Aereo Boliviano).
LABUAN : (overprint on stamps of North Borneo) Labuan (1894/1901).
L.A.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Canadian - Legislative Assembly of Canada.
LA CANEA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Crete (1900/1912).
LA CRUZ ROJA ESPANOL : Spain - Semipostals (Spanish Red Cross).
LA CRUZ ROJA PARAGUAY : Paraguay - Semipostals (Paraguay Red Cross).
LA GEORGIE : Georgia (1919).
LAGOS : Lagos - Nigeria (1874/1906).
LAIBACH : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia - Ljubljana) German occupation (1944/1945).
LA LEY : Bolivia (1878) (The Law).
LAND-POST PORTE-MARKE : German States - Baden - Postage dues (1862) (Rural Post -
Postage Due).
LANDSTORMEN FRIMARKE : Sweden - Semipostals for funds to equip soldiers (Military
Reserves Stamp).
LANSA : Colombia - Airmails (1950).
L.A.R. : Libyan Arab Republic (1969/present).
LATTAQUIE : (overprint on stamps of Syria) Latakia (1931/1933).
LATVIJA : Latvia.
LATVIJA DSR : Latvia - Russian occupation.
LATWIJA : Latvia.
L.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Landbote.
L.B.4K : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Lettre Bâloise 4 Kreuzer.
L.B.P.H. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Lettre de Bäle pour Huningue (1840/1842).
L.C. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) (Legislative Council).
L/CB : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Lazzeretto Contumacia Brescello (=Cholera Infection
Hospital - Bresello) (1857).
L.C.O. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Letter Carrier Office (1833/1843).
L.C.R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Lancaster & Carlisle Railway.
LE. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Irish - Letter (1780/1843).
LEGI POSTA : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Airmails (1920).
LERO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy Aegean Islands - Leros (1930/1932).
LEROS : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy Aegean Islands - Leros (1912/1922).
LESOTHO : (overprint on stamps of Basutoland) Lesotho (1966).
L'ETAT DU KATANGUA : Katanga - Rebellion against the Belgian Congo.
LEV. DE 7 H.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Levée de 7 Heures du Matin (=7 a.m.
Collection - Various times).
LEV. DE 7 H.S. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Levée de 7 Heures du Soir (=7 p.m.
Collection - Various times) (1824).
LEVANT : France - Offices in Turkey - Levant (1902/1923).
LEVANT : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain Offices in Turkey - Levant
(1905/1906).
LEVANT : (overprint on stamps of Poland) Poland - Offices in Turkey - Levant (1919/1921).
LEVANTE : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey - Levant.
LEY 8310 : (overprint on stamps of Peru) Postal tax stamps (Law 8310).
LEY NACIONAL DE SELLO : Argentina - Postal fiscal stamps (National Stamp Law).
L.F. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Lettre Française (1818/1829).
LFD.BR.SS. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Venetian - Lettere Franche Da Brescia a Venezia
(1720/1721).
LFF : (overprint on stamps of Liberia) Officials (Liberian Frontier Force).
L.F.R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (numerals 1 to 5) Lettre Française Rayon 1 (to 5)
(1818).
L.G. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Lettre Genève.
L.G.10K. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Lettre Genève 10 kreuzer (or other numerals)
(1834/1839).
L.G. DOC : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Languedoc.
L.I. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Austrian - Lettre Illyrie (1824/1850).
L.I. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Lettre Italienne.
L.I. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Lettera Italiana.
LIBAN : Lebanon.
LIBANAISE : Lebanon.
LIBAU : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Latvia - German occupation (1919).
LIBERTADE Y ORDEN : Colombia (Liberty and Order).
LIBERTAD, 15 DE SETIEMBRE : Guatemala (1886/1894) (Liberty, September 15).
LIBIA : Libya (1912/1951).
LIBYA : Libya.
LIBYA : (overprint on stamps of Cyranaica) Libya (1951).
LIBYE : Libya.
LIETUVA : Lithuania.
LIETUVA : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Lithuania - South District (1919).
LIETUVOS : Lithuania.
LIETUVOS PASTA : Lithuania (Lithuania Post).
LIFE INSURANCE : (overprint on stamps of New Zealand) Life insurance department.
LIG : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Ligne.
LIGNES AERIENNES DE LA FRANCE LIBRE : Syria - Free French Administration
military airmails (1942).
LIGNES AERIENNES F.A.F.L. : Syria - Free French Administration military airmails (1942).
LIMBAGAN - 1543-1943 : (overprint on stamps of Philippines) Japanese occupation (1943).
LINDBERGH ENERO 1928 : (overprint on stamps of Costa Rica) Lindbergh January 1928.
LINEAS AEREA NACIONAL : Chile - Airmails (National Air Lines).
LINEAS AEREAS DEL ESTADO : Argentina - Airmails (State Air Lines).
LIPSO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Lisso (1912/1932).
LIPSO : (overprint on stamp of Italian) Used on the Dodecanese island.
LIRE : (currency overprint on stamps of Austria) Italy - Austrian occupation (1918).
LIRE 1.20 DI CORONA : (currency overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Dalmatian occupation.
LISBOA : Portugal - Red Cross tax stamps (1913) or franchise stamps (1903/1938).
LISSO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Lisso (1930).
LITAS : Lithuiania (1922/1940).
LITWA SRODKOWA : Central Lithuania.
LITWY SRODKOWEJ : Central Lithuania.
LJUBLIANSKA : Yugoslavia - Ljubljana - German occupation (1944/1945).
L.L. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) (Legislative Library).
L.L. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (interlaced and surmounted by crown) Post Office of
King Louis XVIII (1815/1824).
L.L.L.R. : Georgia.
L.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - (monogram type) Lettera Di Mare of Firenze
(Florence) (1805).
L.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Venetian - Austrian Post in Venice (1797/1805).
L. MARQUES : (overprint on stamps of Mozambique) Lourenco Marques (1895/1897).
L Mc L : (and design of ship) Trinidad - Lady McLeod private issue (1847).
L.N. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Lettre Neuchâteloise.
L.N.4Kr. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Lettre Neuchâteloise 4 kreuzer (and other values).
L.N.O. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Spanish - Logrono.
LOCUST CAMPAIGN : (overprint on stamps of Trans-Jordan) Semi-postals 1930 to help
locust plague.
L.O.F. : (overprint on airmail stamp of Philippine) London Orinet Flight (1928).
LOJA FRANCA : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Ecuador - Loja Province - Control
overprint to prevent use of stolen stamps from July 1902 Guyaquil Post Office fire (1902/1903).
LOKAL BREF : Sweden - Stockholm (local letter).
LOSEN : Sweden - Postage dues (Redemption Money).
LOS RIOS : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Provincial control (1902/1903).
LOTHRINGEN : (overprint on stamps of Germany) France - German occupation of Lorraine
(1940).
LOTNICZA : Poland - Aimails.
L.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Danish - Landpost (1850/1852).
L.P.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Lettre Pays-Bas 1 (to 5) for letters from Belgium
(1829/1850).
L.R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (numeral 1 to 4) Transit mark. (1802).
LR : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Letter (1760 onwards).
Lre : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Letter (1760 onwards).
L.R.I. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Lettre du Royamme d'Italie.
L.S.B.O. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Lombard St. Branch Office.
L.T. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) (Land Titles).
L.T. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Lettre Toscane (Tuscany).
L.T. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Lettera di Transito.
L.T. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - (in circle) Lettera Turchia (on disinfected letter from
Constantinople to Genoa) (1838/1840).
L.T.S.R. : (overprint with date) Lithuania - Union with the U.S.S.R.
LTSR 1940 VII 21 : (overprint on stamps of Lithuania) Russian occupation.
LUBIANA : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Ljubljana - Italian occupation (1941).
LUCHA CONTRA EL CANCER : (overprint on stamps of Panama) Semipostals (Fight
Against Cancer).
LUCHTEPOST : Belgium - Airmails (Air Post).
LUCHTEPOSTZEGEL : Netherlands - Airmails.
LUEBECK : German States - Leubeck (1863/1867).
LUFTPOST : Germany - Airmail.
LUFTFELDPOST : Germany - Military air post stamps (1942).
LUGPOST : South Africa or South West Africa - Airmail stamps.
LUO STRADALI : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Luoghi Stradali (1795/1797).
LUXEMBOURG : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Luxembourg - German occupation
(1940/1941).
L.V. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Lettre Vaudoise (1835).
L.Z. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Lettre Zurichoise (1835).


                                               M
M : (overprint on stamps of Belgium) Military parcel posts.
M. : Spanish - Madrid or Manresa.
M. : Venetian - Montebelluno (1732/1734).
M. : Italian - Milano or Montebelluno.
M. : Swiss - Morgen (Morning) (1839).
M. : Belgian - (in two circle) Malines (1787).
M. : Belgian - Menin (1760/1800).
M. : Canadian - Montreal (1774).
M. : Dutch - (fancy type in circle) Middelburg (1763/1789).
M. : Dutch Indies - Madassar.
M. : German - Mittelwalde in Silesian Prussia (1815/1823)
M. : Irish - (preceded by abbreviated month and date) Morning (1774/1809).
M. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Military.
M.A. : (overprint on stamps of Argentina) Officials - Ministry of Agriculture.
MACAU : Macao.
MACAV : Macao.
MADAGASCAR : (overprint on stamps of France) Madagascar (1895).
MADEIRA : (overprint on stamps of Portugal) Madeira (1868/1898).
MADERANERTHAL : Switzerland - Hotel local stamp.
MADRID : Spain (1920/1930).
MAFEKING : (overprint on stamps of Bechuanaland) Cape of Good Hope (1900).
MAFEKING : (overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope) 1900.
MAGAZON A MOROC : Sultanate of Morocco - Local issue of questionable repute (1891) -
Mazagan to Morocco.
MAGAZON MARAKECH : Sultanate of Morocco - Local issue of questionable repute (1893)
- Mazagan to Marakesh.
MAGYAR : Hungary.
MAGYAR KIR(ALYN) POSTA : Hungary - Hungarian Royal Post.
MAGYAR KIR. HIRLAP BELYEG : Hungary - Newspaper tax stamps.
MAGYAR NEMZETI KORMANY SZEGED : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Szeged -
Serbian occupation (1919) - Hungarian People's Government Szeged.
MAGYAR NEPKOZTARSASAG : Hungary (1919) - People's Popular Republic.
MAGYAR POSTA : Hungary.
MAGYAR TANACS KOZTARSASAG : Hungary (1919) - Hungarian Soviet Republic.
MAGYARRORSZAG : Hungary (1925) - Hungarian State.
MAHRA SULTANATE OF QISHN AND SOCOTRA : South Arabia (1967).
MAI GT. PRE. 1902 : (overprint on stamps of Haiti): (1902) - Gouvernement Provisoire
(Provisional Government).
MAKEДOHИJA : Macedonia.
M.A.L. : Cancel of British Forces in North and East Africa - Military Authority Lira.
MALACCA : Malaya - Malacca.
MALAGA : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Revolutionary issues - Malaga (1937).
MALAGA ARRIBA ESPANA : (overprint on stamps of Spain - Malaga) Revenues.
MALAGASY : Madagascar (1961/present).
MALAYA : (overprint over portrait of Sultan) Malaya - Kelantan, Negri Sembilan, Pahang,
Perak, Perlis, Selanegor or Trengganu.
MALAYA : (overprint over picture of mosque) Selangor.
MALAYA : (overprint over picture of over picture of State Arms) Negri Sembilan.
MALAYA BORNEO EXHIBITION : (overprint on various stamps of Malayan States).
MALAYA PERLIS : Malaya - Perlis.
MALAYA SINGAPORE : Singapore.
MALAYA POSTAL UNION : Malaya - Postage dues (1945).
MALDIVES : (overprint on stamps of Ceylon) Maldives Islands (1906/1909).
MALGACHE : Madagascar (1959/1961).
MALMEDY : (overprint on stamps of Belgium) Germany - Belgian occupation of Melmedy
(1920/1921).
MALUKA SELATAN : South Moloccas (Indonesian private issues).
MANAMA : Ajman - Manama.
MANDAT : Netherlands - Money order stamps (1894).
MANIZALES : Colombia - Manizales.
MAPKA : Russia, Finland or Serbia.
MARCA DA BOLLO : Italy.
MARIANAS ESPANOL : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Mariana Islands (1899).
MARIANEN : Mariana Islands (1899/1919).
MARIENWERDER : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Marienwerder plebescite (1920).
MAROC : French Morocco - Morocco.
MAROCCO : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Germany - Offices in Morocco.
MAROKKO : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Germany - Offices in Morocco (1911).
MARRUECOS : Morocco - Northern Zone (1956/1958)
MARRUECOS : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Spanish Morocco.
MARRUECOS ESPANOL : Spanish Morocco - Northern Zone.
MARSCHELL INSELN : Marshall Islands.
MARSHALL_INSELN : Marshall Islands.
MARTINIQUE : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Martinique (1886/1892).
MAT TUAN D.T.G.P. MIEN NAM VIET NAM : National Front for the liberation of South
Vietnam.
MAURITANIE : Mauritania.
MAZATLAN : (overprinton stamps of Mexico - Mazatlan) Mexico - Mazatlan (1916).
M.B. : British - Mangrove Bay (Bermuda) (1865).
M. B. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Marine Board.
M.B.D. : British - Moveable Box (1844/1939).
MBLEDHJA KUSHTETUGESE : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Albania - Italian dominion
(1939).
MBRETNIJA SHQIPTARE : Albania - Italian occupation.
MBR SHQITARE : Albania - air post.
M.D.G.A. : Prussian - Ministerium der Geistlichen Angelegenheiten - Disinfection mark on
cholera letters.
MECKLENB. : German States - Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1856/1867).
MEDELLIN PROVISIONAL : Colombia - Antioquia (1888/1889).
MEDIA ONZA : Spain - Official stamps (1854/1863).
M.E.F. : British - Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force (1914/1918 War).
M.E.F. : (overprint on stamp of Italian East Africa) - Middle East Forces (1942/1952).
M.E.F. : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain - Offices in Africa (1942/1950) -
Middle East Forces.
MEJICO : Mexico (1856/1864).
MELAKA : Malaysia - Malacca.
MELAT-I-KAZERUN 1335 : (overprint on stamps of Iran) Unofficial rebellion overprint
(1917).
MEMEL : (overprint on stamps of France) Memel (1920/1923).
MEMEL GEBIET : Memel - Memel District.
MEMEL with KLAIPEDA : Memel - Lithuanian occupation (1923).
MENSAJERIAS : Uruguay - Special delivery stamps.
MET. : Austrian - Metkovich.
METELIN : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey (1910).
MEXICANO : Mexico.
MEXICO TRANSITORIO : Mexico - Sonora revenues.
M.G. : (overprint on stamps of Argentina) Officials - Ministry of War.
M.H. : (overprint on stamps of Argentina) Officials - Ministry of Finance.
M & I. : French - (oblong frame) Maurice et Indies (Mauritius and the Indies) (1835).
M.I. : (overprint on stamps of Argentina ) Officials - Ministry of Interior.
MIL : Italian - Milano.
MILAN/F : French - Two separate stamps used at the French P.O. in Milan - Meaning of F
unknow (1779).
MILAN/L : French - Two separate stamps used at the French P.O. in Milan - Meaning of L
Lombardo (1779).
MILANO/LF : French - Milan Lettre Francaise.
MILIT. (POST) PORTOMARKE : Bosnia and Herzegovina - Military post postage dues.
MILITAR K.u.K. POST : Bosnia and Herzegovina - Austrian Administration (1912).
MILITARPOST : Bosnia and Herzegovina.
MILITAR POST EILMARKE : Bosnia and Herzegovina - Special handling stamps.
MILL. : (currency surcharge on stamps of France) France - Offices in Egypt (1921/1928).
MILLIEME(S) : (currency surcharge on stamps of France) France - Offices in Egypt
(1921/1928).
MILO : Italian - Milano.
M.J.I. : (overprint on stamps of Argentina) Officials - Ministry of Justice and Education.
M. KIR. : Hungary (1916).
MM : Italian - (monogram) Milan (1764/1793).
M.M. : (overprint on stamps of Argentina) Officials - Ministry of Marine.
MN : Korea (1884/1895).
MOCAMBIQUE : Mozambique.
MOGADORO A MAROC : Sultanate of Morocco - Local issue of questionable repute (1895) -
Mogadoro to Morocco).
Mogy M.M. : Brazilian - Mogy Mirim.
MOHГOЛ ЩЧAAH : Outer Mongolia.
MOHГOA ШУУДAH : Mongolia.
Mon. B. : French - Maison Bicêtre (Prison) (1798/1900).
MONGTSEU : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China - Mongtseu
(1903/1909).
MONGTZE : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China - Mongtseu
(1903/1909).
MONISTIR : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Turkey - For royal visit of Sultan to Rumelia
(1911) - City of Monistir.
MONROVIA : Liberia.
MONSTER : (overprint on stamps of Dutch) Dutch language countries - Specimen.
MONT ATHOS : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey - Mont Athos
(1909/1910).
MONTE CASSINO 1944 : (overprint on stamps of Poland - Exile in Great Britain) Polish
government in exile (1944).
MONTENEGRO : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Montenegro - Austrian occupation
(1917/1918).
MONTENEGRO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Montenegro - Italian occupation (1941/1942).
MONTEREY : (overprint on stamps of Mexico - Monterey) Mexico - Monterey.
MONTEVIDEO : Uruguay - Montevideo (1858/1867).
MONTSERRAT : (overprint on stamps of Antigua) Montserrat (1876).
M.O.P. : (overprint on stamps of Argentina) Officials - Ministry of Public Works.
MOQEA : (overprint on stamps of Peru - Moquegua - Chilean) Peru - Moquegua - Chilean
occupation (1885).
MOQUEGUA : (overprint on stamps of Peru - Moquegua) Applied after regional earthquake
(1881).
MOQUEGUA : (overprint on stamps of Arequipa) Peru - Arequipa - Moquegua - Chilean
occupation (1885).
MORA : Ukraine.
MORELIA : (overprint on stamps of Mexico - Morelia) Mexico - Morelia.
MOROCCO AGENCIES : (overprint on stamps of Gibraltar) Great Britain - Offices in
Morocco.
MOROCCO AGENCIES : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain - Offices in
Morocco.
MORVI : India - Morvi (1931/1948).
MOULINS B. : French - Moulins Bourbonnais (1781/1791).
MOYEN CONGO : Middle Congo.
M.P.O. : Egyptian - Military Post Office.
MQE : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Martinique (1886/1891).
M.R. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Manager of Railways.
M.R. : French - Maison du Roi (Royal Household) (1838/1847).
M.R.C. : (overprint on stamps of Argentina) Officials - Ministry of Foreign Affairs and
Religion.
M. R. G. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Main Roads
Gambierton.
M.S. : German - Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
M-S : British - Mis-sort (1826).
M.S.G.A. : Italian - Marchese San Giacinto Amministratore (della Posta Naples) is the
verification of the postage due (1830/1835).
Mü. : Prussian - Mühlhausen.
MUESTRA : (overprint on stamps of Spanish) Spanish language countries - Specimen.
MULTA : Several countries - Postage dues - Fined.
MULTADA : Chile - Postage dues- Fined.
MULTAS : Ecuador - Postage dues - Fined.
MUSCAT & OMAN : Oman (1966/1970).
MUSTER : (overprint on stamps of German) German language countries - Specimen.
M.V.i.R. : (overprint on stamps of Romania - German) Romania - German occupation
(1917/1918) - Militar Verwaltung in Rumanien (Military Administration of Romania)).

                                             N
N. : French - (surmounted by crown) Nantes (1711).
N. : German - Nassau.
N. : Hungarian - Nagy.
N. : Italian - Napoli (= Naples).
N.A. : Venetian - Non Affrancata.
NA&NE : Spanish (or Cuban) North America & North Europe (1830/1863).
NA bg : Swiss - Nach Abgang.
NABHA : India - Nabha.
NACH PORTO : (overprint on stamps of Liechtenstein) Postage dues (= After Postage).
NACHMARK : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Postage dues.
NACIONES UNIDAS : United Nations.
NADRUK : Netherlands (1852) (= Reprint).
NANDGAM : India - Nandgam (1891/1895).
NA OSWIATE : Poland - Semipostals (= For Public Instruction).
NAPA PARA : (currency) Yugoslavia, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia.
NAPOLETANA : Italian States -Two Sicilies.
NA SKARB NARODOWY : Poland - Semipostals (= For National Funds).
NA SLASK : (overprint on stamps of Central Lithuania).
NATIONAL VERSAMMLUNG : Germany (1919) (= National Assembly).
NATIONALER VERWALTUNGS AUSSCHUSS 10.XI 1943 : (overprint on stamps of
Montenegro) Yugoslavia and Montenegro - German occupation (1943).
NATIONALSOZIAL DEUTSCHE ARBIETERPARTE : Germany - Franchise stamps (=
National Socialist German Worker's party).
NATIONS UNIES : United Nations.
NATIONS UNIES OFFICE EUROPEEN : (overprint on stamps of Switzerland) Switzerland -
Officials (= United Nations European Office).
NAURU : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Nauru (1916/1923).
NAXCIVAN : Autonomous republic of Azerbaijan. Illegal issues (UPU).
N.C.E. : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) New Caledonia (1881/1893).
N.D. : Italian.
N.D. HRVATSKA : Croatia.
N.D. RATNI DOPRINOS : Croatia.
Nebr : (overprint on stamps of U.S. Nebraska) To reduce theft (1929).
NE PAS LIVRER LE DIMANCHE : Belgium label (French inscription) preventing Sunday
mail delivery (1893/1915) (= Do Not Deliver Sunday).
NED ANTILLEN : Netherlands Antilles (1949/present).
NED NIEUW GUINEA : Netherlands New Guinea (1950/1962).
NED-INDIE : Netherlands Indies (1864/1949).
NEDERL-INDIE : Netherlands Indies (1864/1949).
NEDERLAND : Netherlands.
NEDERLANDS NIEUW GUINEA : Netherlands New Guinea (1950/1962).
NEDERLANDSCH-INDIE : Netherlands Indies (1864/1949).
NEDERLANDSE ANTILLEN : Netherlands Antilles (1949/present).
NEGRI SEMBILAN : Malaya - Negri Sembilan.
NEU-GROSCHEN : (currency) German States - Saxony.
Neukirch a/TH. : Swiss - Neukirch an der Thur.
NEW GRENADA : Colombia (pre 1862).
NEW HEBRIDES CONDOMINIUM : (overprint on stamps of Fiji) New Hebrides
(1908/1910).
NEZ. DRZ. HRVATSKA : Croatia - Postal tax stamps.
NEZAVISNA DRZAVA HRVATSKA : Croatia - Postal tax stamps.
N.F. : (overprint on stamps of Nyasaland) German East Africa - British occupation (1917) -
Nyasaland Force.
N.F. : Nyasa-Rhodesian Force - (overprint on stamp of Nyasaland Protectorate) - Occupation of
German East Africa (1916).
N.F.F. : South African - NATAL Field Force (1900/1902).
N. FL. : Armenia.
NIET BESTELLEN OP ZONTAGE : Belgium label (Flemish inscription) preventing Sunday
mail delivery (1893/1915) (= Do Not Deliver Sunday).
NIEUW GUINEA : Netherlands New Guinea (1950/1962).
NIEUW REPUBLIEK ZUID AFRIKA : New Republic South Africa.
NIPPON : Japan (1966/present).
NISIRO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Nisiro (1912/1922).
NISIROS : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Nisiro (1912/1922).
NIUE : (overprint on stamps of New Zealand) Niue.
NIVINI : (overprint on special delivery stamps) Czechoslovakia - Newspaper stamps.
NIWIN : (overprint on stamps of Curacao) Semipostals (initials of an Indonesian relief agency).
NLLE CALEDONIE : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) New Caledonia (1892).
NO HAY ESTAMPILLAS : (overprint on stamps of Colombia) (1912) (There are no stamps).
NOPTO MAPKA : Serbia - Postage dues.
NORD-DEUTSCH-POST : German States - North German Confederation - Officials
(1870/1871).
NORDDEUTSCHER POST-BEZIRK : German States - North German Confederation
(1868/1871) (= North German Postal Circuit).
NOREG : Norway (1951).
NORFOLK ISLANDS : (overprint on stamps of Australia) Norfolk Islands (1959).
NORGE : Norway.
NOSSI-BE : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Nossi-Be (1891/1894).
NOUVELLE CALEDONIE : New Caledonia (1905/present).
NOUVELLES HEBRIDES : New Hebrides - French issues.
NOUVELLES HEBRIDES : (overprint on stamps of New Caledonia) New Hebrides - French
issues.
NOWANUGGUR : India - Nowanuggur (1877).
NOWTA : Serbia.
NOXCIYN RESPUBLIKA ICKERIA : Republic of Ichkeria also called Chechenia - Illegal
issues - Autonomous republic in the Caucasus region.
NOYTA CCCP : USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics).
N.P. : British - (preceded by TOO LATE) Used in Manchester.
N.P.C. : Norwegian - Norwegisch Post Compoir (1830/1840).
N.R. : Irish - Northern Railway.
N.R. SPOORWEG : Dutch - A railway date-stamp (1848).
NSB : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Nossi-Be (1890/1893).
N. SEMBILAN : Malaya - Negri Sembilian.
N.S.W. : New South Wales.
N. T. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Northern Territory.
NUMre : French - Numéraire (1797).
N.W. PACIFIC ISLANDS : (overprint on stamps of Australia) North West Pacific Islands
(1915/1916).
N.W.ST. : British - North Western Station.
NYASSA : (overprint on stamps of Mozambique) Nyassa (1898).
NYASSALAND : Malawi (before 1964).
N.Z. : New Zealand.

                                             O

OДHA MAPKA YKSIMAPKKA : Finland
O. Ф . : (overprint with airplane) Bulgaria - Airmails.
O.A. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Official Assignee.
OAHAMPKA : Finland (1866/1874).
O.A.T. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Egyptian - (in oval) Onward Air Transmission. - Cairo
(1943).
OAXACA : Mexico - Oaxaca (1914).
O.B. : (overprint on stamps of Philippines) Officials (1906/present) Official Business.
O.B.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Osterreichische - Bayerische Controlle.
OBERRIED. am B.SEE : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Oberried am Brienzersee.
OBOCK : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Obock.
OB. TOGGENBURG : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Ober Toggenburg.
OB. URNEN : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Ober Urnen.
Oc.Bad.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Osterreichische-Bayerische Controlle.
OCCUPATION AZIRBAYEDJAN : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Azerbaijan - Unofficial
overprints by Entente Allied officers (1918).
OCCUPATION FRANCAISE : (overprint on stamps of Hungary-French) Hungary - French
occupation (1919).
OCCUPATION FRANCAISE CAMEROUN : (overprint on stamps of Middle Congo)
Cameroon - French occupation.
OCEANIE : French Polynesia (1892/1958).
OCN : French Polynesia (1892/1958).
OCUPACION DE PASQUA : Chile - Semipostal for Easter Island.
OD. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Ouddoup.
O.ENDIGEN : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Ober Endingen.
OESTERR : Austria (1883/1907) Austria.
OESTERR POST LIECHTENSTEIN : Liechtenstein - Austrian postal administration
(1912/1920).
OESTERR POST with KAIS KOENIGL : Austria (1883/1907).
ŒUVRES DE GUERRE : (overprint on stamps of Cameroon) Semipostals.
ŒUVRES DE SOLIDARITE FRANCAISE : French Colonies - Semipostals (1943/1944).
ŒUVRES SOCIALES : (overprint on stamps of St. Pierre & Miquelon) St. Pierre & Miquelon
- Semipostals.
O.F.CASTELLORISO : (overprint on stamps of France) Castellorizo occupation.
OFF. SAK. : Norway - Officials.
OFFENTLIG SAK : Norway - Officials.
OFFICIAL : (overprint on stamps of Kenya and Uganda) Tanganyika - Officials (1959/1960).
OFFICIAL : (overprint on stamps of Basutoland) Officials 1934.
OFFICIAL : (overprint of stamps of British Guiana) Officials 1878/1891.
OFFICIAL : (overprint on stamps of Swaziland) 1933 - Not officially released issue.
OFFICIEL : (overprint on stamps of Luxembourg) Officials.
OFFICIEL : (overprint on stamps of Iran) Officials denoting genuineness (1885/1887).
OFFISIEEL : South West Africa - Officials.
OFFISIEEL-OFFICIAL : South Africa - Officials.
OFICIAL : Spanish or Portuguese language countries - Official.
O.H.B.M.S. : (overprint on stamps of German East African) Revenue stamps (1915) - On His
Britannic Majesty's Service.
O.H.E.M.S. : (overprint on stamps of Egypt) Official stamps (1922/1923) - On His Exalted
Majesty's Service.
O.H.E.M.S. : (overprint on stamps of Egypt) Officials (1922).
O.H.H.S. : (overprint on stamps of Egypt) Officials stamps(1907/1922) On His Highness's
Service.
O.H.M.S. : (overprint on stamps of Canada) Stamp or rubber-stamped onto cover (official use) -
On Her [His] Majesty's Service.
O.H.M.S. : (overprint on stamps of Canada) Officials - On His (or Her) Majesty's Service.
OHU POST : Estonia - Airmails.
O.K.C.A. POCCIЯ : Russia - Army of the North (1918).
OKCA : Russia - Army of the North (1919) - Odjeiny Korpus Severnoy Armii.
O.L. : (overprint on stamps of Monaco) Letters handed to mailmen or found in post boxes prior
to 1908 - Origine Locale (Local Origin).
O.L. : (overprint on stamps of Monaco) Origine locale - Control mark.
O.L. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Origine Locale.
OLTRE GIUBA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Oltre Giuba.
O.M.F. CILICIE : (overprint on stamps of France) Occupation of Cilicia.
O.M.F. SYRIE : (overprint on stamps of France) Syria (1920/1922) Occupation Militaire
Francaise (French Military Occupation).
ON C.G.S. : (overprint on stamps of India-Cochin) India-Cochin - Officials - On Cochin
Government Service.
O.N.F. CASTELLORIZO : (overprint on stamps of French Levant) France - Castellorizo
occupation - Occupation Navale Francaise (French Naval Occupation).
ON K.D.S. : (overprint on stamps of India - Kishangarah) Officials - On Kishengarh Durbar
Service.
ON L.F.S. : (overprint on stamps of India) Private overprints to prevent theft - On Local Funds
Service.
O.N.M.I. : (overprint on stamps of Fiume) Opera Nazionale Maternità Infanzia (Maternity and
Child Welfare).
ONORANZE/AL DUCA DEGLI/ABRUZZI : (overprint on stamps of Somalia) Definitives
reprinted (1934).
ON S.S. : (overprint on stamps of India - Travanacore) Officials.
ON S.S.S. : (overprint on stamps of India - Sirmoor) Officials - On Sirmoor State Service.
ON STATE SERVICE : (overprint on stamps of Iraq) Officials.
ONZA : Spain - Officials - Ounce.
O.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Ohne Porto (Unpaid).
O.P.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Austrian - (followed by Hermannstadt) Osterreichische Post
Amt (Austrian Post Office) (1820).
O.P.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - (followed by Gratz) Ober Post Amt Gratz - Head
Post Office Graz (1829/1839).
O.P.S.O. : (overprint on stamps of New Zealand) Officials for Post Office sent abroad - On
Public Service Only.
O.R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Origine Rurale.
ORANGE RIVER COLONY : (overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope) Orange River
Colony (1900/1902).
ORANJE VRIJ STAAT : Orange River Colony - Orange Free State.
ORCHA : India - Orchha (1913/1917).
ORCHHA : India - Orchha (1913/1917).
ORDINARY : (overprint on stamps of Liberia) Airmail to regular mail conversion.
ORGANISATION INTERNATIONALE POUR LES REFUGIES : (overprint on stamps of
Switzerland) International Organization for Refugees - Officials (1950).
ORGANISATION MONDIALE DE LA SANTE : (overprint on stamps of Switzerland)
World Health Organization - Officials.
ORO PASTAS : Lithuania - Air mails.
ORPHELINS DE LA GUERRE : France - Semipostals - War Orphans.
ORTS POST : Switzerland (1850).
O.S. : (overprint on stamps of Australia) On Service (official use).
O.S. : (overprint on stamps of Norway) Officials (1951/1952) - Offentlig Sax.
O.S. : (overprint) English language countries - Officials - On Service.
O.S.G.S. : (overprint on stamps of Sudan) Officials - On Sudan Government Service.
O.SIMMENTHAL : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Ober Simmenthal.
OSTAS. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Ostasiatische (1900).
OSTEN : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Poland - German Occupation (1939).
OSTERR-POST : Austria.
OSTERREICH : Austria.
OSTERREICHISCHE POST : Austria.
OSTLAND : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Russia - German occupation (1941/1943).
O.T. : (overprint on stamps of Czechoslovakia) Newspaper stamps used by commercial firms
(Obchodni Tiskopsis).
OTVORENIE SLOVENSKENO : (overprint on stamps of Czechoslovakia) Slovakia (1939).
OUBANGUI-CHARI : Ubangi.
OUBANGUI-CHARI-TCHAD : (overprint on stamps of Middle Congo) Ubangi-Shari
(1915/24) - Former French colony.
OVERTRYK (N.) : (overprint on stamp of Danish).
OVERTRYKK (N.) : (overprint on stamps of Norway).
O.U.S. : (overprint between wavy lines) Great Britain - Official overprint for the Oxford Union
Society to prevent pilfering of 1d reds.
O.W. OFFICIAL : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Office of Public Works - Officials
(1896/1902).



                                               P
PБ Щ ИHCTA ПOЩA : Bulgaria - Officials.
PЧB : Russia - South Russia - Finland.
P 33 : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - (also 34, 35 and 38) Preussen 33 - Found on letters
from Russia to France - Number refers to frontier office (1830/1869).
P : (overprint on stamps of Straits Settlements) Malaya - Perak (1878).
P : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Police.
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - (in oval) Paid.
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - (in circle in 8-pointed star) Perth - Struck on mail mis-
sent to Caledonian R.P.O.
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Czechoslovakian - Prague.
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Payé.
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (surmounted by crown) Paris (1771).
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Paris (1774).
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (triangular frame) Paris (1778).
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - (in circle) Paid.
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Polish - (in square under 3 and other numerals) Polodniu
(=Afternoon)(1847/1859).
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Payé.
P : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Pontarlier.
P.a. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - (oblong frame) Padova (Padua) (1750/1751).
P.A. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Protector of Aboriginees.
P.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Paket-Ausgabe.
P.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Post Amt (Post Office).
PACCHI POSTALI : (with various designs) Italy - Parcel posts.
PACCHI POSTALI : (with denomination in diagonal band) San Marino - Parcel posts.
PACCHI POSTALI : (with star and crescent emblem) Somalia - Parcel posts.
PACKENMARKE : Russia - Wenden - Parcel post stamps (1863) - Parcel Stamp.
PACKHOI : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China - Packhoi
(1906/1919).
PAGO : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Pagato (=Paid).
PAHANG : Malaya - Pahang.
PAISA : (currency) Indian States - Feridkot, Nepal, Pakistan.
PAITA : (overprint on stamps of Peru - Paita) Revolutionary period (1884).
PAK-HOI : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China - Packhoi
(1906/1919).
PAKISTAN : (overprint on stamps of India) Pakistan (1947/1949).
PAKKE-PORTO : Greenland Parcel posts.
PAKKET B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Pakketboot (=Packet boat) (1872/1873).
PALACIO DE COMMUNICACIONES : Colombia and Cuba - Postal tax stamps.
PALESTINE : (overprint on stamps of Egypt) Palestine - Palestine occupation (1948/1949).
PALESTINE : (overprint on stamps of Egypt with E.E.F.) Palestine - British Mandate.
PALESTINE : (overprint on stamps of Trans-Jordan) Palestine.
PAPUA : Papua and New Guinea.
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA : Papua and New Guinea (1952/1971).
PAPUA NEW GUINEA : Papua and New Guinea.
PAOSITRA MALAGASY : Madagascar - Illegal issue.
PAQ.REG. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Paquebots Réguliers (1820).
PAR AVION : universal inscription - Airmail.
PAR POSTE AERIENNE : Switzerland - Airmail.
PARA OS POBRES : Portugal and Azores - Postal tax stamps (1915) - For the Poor.
PARA(S) : (currency overprint on stamps of Austria) Austria - Offices in Turkey.
PARA(S) : (currency overprint on stamps of France) France - Offices in Turkey.
PARA(S) : (currency overprint on stamps of Germany) Germany - Offices in Turkey.
PARA(S) : (currency overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain - Offices in Turkey.
PARA(S) : (currency overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey.
PARA(S) : (currency overprint on stamps of Romania) Romania - Offices in Turkey.
PARA(S) : (currency overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey.
PARDOES DA GRAND GUERRA : Portugal and Azores - Postal tax due stamps - Comrades
of the Great War.
PARIS.S.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Paris. Section des Chargements.
PARM : Italian States - Parma (1852/1855).
PARMENSI : Italian States - Parma (1852/1855).
PARTICULAR : (overprint on stamps of Nicaragua) Conversion of officials to ordinary mail.
PASCO : (overprint on stamps of Peru - Pasco) Chilean occupation (1884).
PATIALA STATE : India - Patiala (1891/1947).
PATMO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Patmo (1930/1932).
PATMOS : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Patmo (1912/1922).
PATRIOTIC FUND : Queensland - Semipostals.
PATZCUARO : Mexico - Patzcuaro - Authenticity questioned.
P.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Pays-Bas.
P.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Porto Bolzano.
P.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Poste Boite (Guttingen, Thurgau) (1833).
P.B.G. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (in circle) Postes Bureau du Gouvernement
(1793/1798).
P.B.T.F. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Pays-Bas Transit Français (1818).
P. BIENNE : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Par Bienne (also used for other towns) (1778).
P. BRIGUE : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Passé Brigue.
P. BRIT.° : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Portuguese - (in rectangle) Paquete Britannico
(1840/1847).
P.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - (in circle) Post Comptoir (Middelburg) (1725/1799).
P.C. Ф.C.P. : Russia (1921/1923) - Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic.
P.D. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - (in circle) Post Paid (General Post) (1713/1788).
P.D. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Payé à Destination - Note : The student is warned that
there is a P.D. for local posts of Paris and elsewhere from 1765 onwards when meaning is Port
Dû (postage due).
P.D. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Porto a Destinazione.
P.D. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Payé jusqu'à la Destination.
P.D.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Venetian - Posta dei Corrieri (1727/1763).
P.D.DORFF. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Par Dusseldorf (1782).
P.D.L.S.S. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Venetian - Posta Della Serenissima Signoria
(1732/1734).
PEПБAИKA БbЛГAПИЯ : Bulgaria - Bulgarian Republic.
PECHINO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in China - Pekin (1917/1919).
PEES ORILES. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Pyrénéees Orientales.
P.E.I. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Canadian - Prince Edward Island (1860).
PELITA : (overprint on stamps of Netherlands Indies) Semipostals.
PENANG : Malaya - Penang.
PENRHYN : (overprint on stamps of Cook Islands) Penrhyn Island (1973/present).
PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF YEMEN : South Yemen (1971/present).
PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF SOUTHERN YEMEN : (overprint on stamps of South Arabia)
Yemen (1968).
PER LUGPOS : Afrikaans language - South Africa, South-West Africa - Air mail.
PER PACCHI : (overprint on stamps of Vatican) Parcel posts.
PER VLIEGTUIG : Belgium - Airmail.
PER. FRA. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Périodique Franc (1817).
PERAK : Malaya - Perak.
PERAK : (overprint on stamps of Straits Settlements) Malaya - Perak.
PERLIS : Malaya - Perlis.
PERNO : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Brazilian - Pernambuco.
PERSANE(S) : Iran (1881/1935).
PERSEKUTUAN TANAH MELAYU : Malaya (1957/1963).
PERUANA : Peru.
PERV-AEREO : Peru - Airmail.
PESA : (currency overprint on stamps of Germany) German East Africa (1893).
P.F. : (currency, overprint on stamps of Russia) Estonia - German occupation (1918).
P.F. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Poste Française.
P.F. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Payé jusqu'à la Frontière (1835).
P.F.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - P.F. Almeric. (Forwarded de Genève).
PFG : (currency, overprint on stamps of Russia) Estonia - German occupation (1918).
PFENNIG : (currency) German States - Wurttemberg, Bavaria or Germany.
PFO/LLOYD : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Piroscafo (steamer) Lloyd.
P.F.S. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Belgian - Payé à la Frontière Sarzanne.
P.G. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Venetian - Portogrijaro (1747).
P.G.S. : (overprint on stamps of Straits Settlements) Malaya - Perak - Officials.
P. GOAVE : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dominican Republic - Petit Goave.
P.H. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Par Hambourg (1810).
PHILIPPINE ISLANDS UNITED STATES OF AMERICA : Philippines - US
administration.
PHILIPPINES : (overprint on stamps of USA) U.S. administration of the Philippines.
PIASTER : (currency) Austria - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTER : (currency overprint on stamps of Germany) Germany - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRA : (currency overprint on stamps of France) France - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRA : (currency overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRA : (currency overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRA : (currency overprint on stamps of Romania) Romania - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRA : (currency overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRE : (currency overprint on stamps of France) France - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRE : (currency overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRE : (currency overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRE : (currency overprint on stamps of Romania) Romania - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRE : (currency overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey.
PIASTRO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Crete.
PILGRIM TERCENTENNERY : U.S. issue (1920).
PILIPINAS : Philippines - Japanese occupation and republic issues since 1962.
PISCO : (overprint on stamps of Peru - Pisco) Chilean occupation.
PISCOPI : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Piscopi (1912/1932).
PIURA : (overprint on stamps of Peru- Piura) Chilean occupation (1884).
PJON FRIM : Iceland - Officials.
PJONUSTA : (overprint on stamps of Iceland) Officials.
PJONUSTU : Iceland - Officials.
PJONUSTUMERLI : Iceland - Officials.
P.K. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) (preceded by G.B. and postal rate in francs) Par Kilo. (1857).
P.K. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) South African - Post Kontor (=Post Office).
PKT. : British - Packet Boat.
P.K.X. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swedish - Post Kontor Expedition (followed by numeral
=T.P.O.).
P.K.Zl.Gr. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Polish - Porto Krajowe Zloty Groszy (=Inland charge in
zloty and groszy) (1810/1817).
P.L. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Paid Letter (used at Liverpool and Manchester)
(1838/1847).
P.L. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Posted Late (1838/1847).
PLEBISCIT SLESVIG : Schleswig (1919).
PLEBISCITE OLSZTYN ALLENSTEIN : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Allenstein
(1920).
P.L. TEHERAN : (overprint on stamps of Iran - City) Iran - City of Teheran - Poste Locale
Teheran.
P.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Par Maseyck (1810).
P.M. : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Military stamps (1943/1945) - Posta Militaire
(military post).
P.M. BURG : (pre-adhesive handstamp) South African - Pietermaritzburg (Natal).
P. MER : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Pont-Audemer.
P.N.I./PADUA : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Postiglioni (=Mounted carrier) Padua
(1703).
P.O. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Post Office.
P.O.П.И.T. : (overprint on stamps of Russia - Offices in Turkey) Ukraine - Never issued.
P.O.П.И.T. : (overprint on stamps of Russia- Offices in Turkey) Ukraine.
P.O.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) South African - Post Office Agency.
POBLACHT NA HEIREANN : Ireland - Republic of Ireland.
POCCIИ : (overprint on stamps of Russia) South Russia - Crimea.
POCCIЯ : Russia - South Russia.
POCCIR : Russia.
POCCIR cbБ AUMIЯ : Russia - Army of the North (1920).
POCZTA : Poland.
POCZTA POL. KORP : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Poland (1918) - Polish Expeditionary
Force.
POCZTA POLSKA : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Poland (1918).
POCZTA POLSKA : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Poland Poznan issues (1919).
POCZTA POLSKA : (overprint on German occupation stamps) Poland.
POHJOIS INKERI : North Ingermanland.
POLAIRE INTENATIONALE (1932) : U.S.S.R. - Airmails.
POLE DU NORD (1931) : U.S.S.R. - Airmails.
POLSKA : Poland.
POLYNESIE FRANCAISE : French Polynesia (1956/present).
POMBAL : Portugal and Azores - Postal tax stamps.
PONCE : Puerto Rico (1898).
P.O./P.W.I. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Asiatic - Post Office Prince Of Wales Island (old name
for Penang) (1806).
POR AVION : Venezuela - Airmails.
POR CORREO AEREO : Colombia - Airmails.
PORT CANTONAL : Switzerland - Geneva.
PORT GDANSK : (overprint on stamps of Poland) Offices in Danzig (1925/1938).
PORT LAGOS : (overprint on stamps of France) France - Offices in Turkey (1893).
PORT SAID : France - Offices in Egypt - Port Said (1895/1928).
PORTE DE CONDUCCION : Peru - Parcel posts - Postage for Conveyance.
PORTE DE MAR : Mexico - Postage dues for ship mail (1875).
PORTE FRANCO with CORREOS : Peru (1858/1872).
PORTEADO : Portugal and Azores - Postage dues.
PORTEADO A RECEBER : Portugal and Azores - Postage dues - Postage to Be Received.
PORTEADO CORREIO : Portugal and Azores - Postage dues.
PORTO : multiple languages - Postage.
PORTO : (no country name) Austria - Postage.
PORTO FRANCO : Portugal - Franchise stamps with company name but without
denomination.
PORTO FRANCO with CORREOS : Peru - Postage Free.
PORTO GAZETEI : Romania - Moldova - Newspaper stamps (1858/1859) - Newspaper
Postage.
PORTO PFLICHTICE DIENST SACHE : German States - Wurttemberg - Officials - Service
Matter Liable to Postage.
PORTO RICO : (overprint on stamps of U.S.) Administration - Puerto Rico (1899).
PORTOMAERKE : Danish West Indies and Norway - Postage dues.
PORTO MARK : Bosnia & Herzogovina - Postage dues.
PORTUGAL CONTINENTE : Portugal - Portugal mainland.
POSESIONES ESPANOLES DEL SAHARA OCCIDENTAL : Spanish West Sahara.
POSIESXHEDEUIEEGIZIANE : Egypt (1872/1879).
POSSEEL : Afrikaans language - South Africa and South West Africa - Postage.
POST & RECEIPT : (with denomination in annas) India - Hyderabad.
POSTA : (overprint on stamps of Tanna Tuva) Converting fiscals to ordinary mail.
POSTA AEREA : Italian language countries - Air Mail.
POSTA AEREA VATICANA : Vatican city - Air Mail.
POSTA AERIANA : Romania - Air mails.
POSTA AERORE : Albania - Airmails.
POSTA AJRORE : Albania - Airmails.
POSTA C.E.C.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Posta Contarina Egipti Circumnavigationis (ship
post to Asia).
POSTA CESKOSLOVENSKA : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Czechoslovakia -
Semipostals (1919).
POSTA FIUME : Fiume - Triangular newspaper stamp.
POSTAGE : (with denominations in pies, annas or rupees): India - Hyderabad.
POSTAGE & REVENUE : (with denominations in d (pence)) Great Britain.
POSTAGE & REVENUE : (with denominations in annas) India - Kishengarh.
POSTAGE DUE : (with denominations in d (pence)) Great Britain - Australia.
POSTAGE I.E.F. D : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Mesopotamia - British occupation of
Mosul.
POSTAGE PAYE : (overprint on stamps of Haiti) (1904) Postage Paid.
POSTAGE TWO CENTS : with portrait of Andrew Jackson - Initials C. S. in lower corners -
United States - Confederate States.
POSTAGE with CAMB AUS SIGILLUM NOV : New South Wales (1850/1851).
POSTAL FERIL EST. OTAVALO : (overprint on consular fee stamps) Ecuador - Honoring
railway (1928).
POSTAL UNION CONGRESS LONDON : Great Britain.
POSTALARI : Turkey - Postage.
POSTALE ITALIANO : Italy - Italian Postage.
POSTA PNEUMATICA : Italy - Pneumatic tube post.
POSTA ROMANA : Romania.
POSTA ROMANA CONSTANTINOPOL : (overprint on stamps of Romania) Romania -
Offices in Turkey (1919).
POSTAS LE NIOC : Ireland - Postage dues.
POSTAT AJRORE : Albania - Italian occupation - Airmails.
POSTAT E QERVERRIES SE PERKOHESHME - TE SHQIPONIES : Albania.
POSTAT EXPRES : Albania - Special delivery.
POSTA UKR. N. REP. SCHAGIW : (surcharge on stamps of Austria) Western Ukraine -
Stanislau local - Ukrainska Narodnia Respiublika Schagiw (Ukrainian People's Republic
Schagiw - Currency).
POSTE AERIENNE : (overprint on stamps of France) Air Mail.
POSTE AERIENNE : (no country name) Iran.
POSTE AERIEO : (no country name) Iran - Airmails (1928).
POSTE AERIEO : (overprint on fiscal stamps) Iran - Airmails.
POSTE AVION : Haiti - Airmails.
POSTE DE GENEVE : Switzerland - Geneva.
POSTE ESTENSI : Italian States - Modena (1852) - Post of the House of Este.
POSTE ITALIANE : Italy.
POSTE KHEDEVIE EGIZIANE : Egypt (1872/1875) Khediva Egyptian Post.
POSTEK NEDEUIERGIZIANE : Egypt (1872/1879).
POSTE LOCALE : Switzerland - Geneva (1849/1850) Local Post.
POSTE PERSANE : Iran (1881/1898).
POSTE VATICANE : Vatican City.
POSTES : French language countries and universal - Postage.
POSTES : (with red crescent and 1954) Afghanistan - Tax stamps (1954).
POSTES AFGHANES : Afghanistan.
POSTES AVION : Haiti - Airmails.
POSTES CENTIME : (with numeral in center and a network of colored lines) France - Alsace
and Lorraine - German occupation.
POSTES DE COREE : Korea (1902).
POSTES DE YEMEN : Yemen.
POSTES EGYPTIENNES : Egypt - United Arab Republic.
POSTES ESTENSI : Italian States - Modena 1852 issues.
POSTES ETHIOPIENNES : Ethiopia.
POSTES EXPRES : Egypt - Special delivery stamps.
POSTES HEDJAZ AND NEJDE : Saudi Arabia.
POSTES IMPERIALES DE COREE : Korea (1903).
POSTES OTTOMANES : Turkey - Mesopotamia (1913/1922).
POSTES PERSANES : Iran.
POSTES SERBES : (overprint on stamps of France) Serbia - Corfu (1916/1918).
POSTES SYRIE : Syria.
POSTFAERGE : (overprint on stamps of Denmark) Parcel posts.
POSTFRIM. : Norway, Denmark - Postfrimaerki (Free Postage Stamp).
POSTGEBIET OB. OFT. : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Lithuania - German occupation
(1916/1917) - Postage Area of the Eastern Commander-in-Chief.
POST LUCHTDIENST : Belgian Congo - Airmails.
POST OBITUM : U.S. - Dead letter seal (1877).
POSTOCOLLI : Belgium - Parcel posts.
POSTOCOLLO : (overprint on stamps of Belgium) Parcel posts.
POST STAMP : India - Hyderabad.
POST TAXE BAYER : German States - Bavaria - Postage dues.
POSTVER WALTUNG : United Nations Organization - Vienna.
POST ZEGEL : (no country name) Netherlands (1852/1867) - Transvaal - Postage Stamp.
POSTZEGEL Z. AFR. REPUBLIEK : Transvaal.
P.O.T. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Irish - Post Oifig Taistill (=Travelling Post Office) (1922).
POULS : Afghanistan - Semipostals (1952).
POUR LA CROIX ROUGE : Yugoslavia - Postal tax stamps - For the Red Cross.
POUR LE STADE MUNICIPAL DE PORT-AU-PRINCE : Haïti - Semipostal.
P.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - (and Irish) Penny Post.
P.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - (with posthorn in c.) Per Post (Gouda).
P.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Payé Partiellement.
P.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Port Payé.
P.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Porto Pagato.
P.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Port Payé.
P.P. : French language countries - Universal - Port Payé (Postage Paid).
P.P. : (overprint on French postage dues) France - Offices in Morocco - Conversion of postage
dues to ordinary postage.
P.P.B.F./MILAN : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Port Payé Bureau Français Milan (1812).
P.P.C. : (overprint on stamps of Poland) Poland - Offices in Turkey - Consular mail.
P.P.EST. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Port Payé Estafette (Express) (1830).
P.P.O. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Scottish - Penny Post Office.
P.P.P.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Port Payé Passé par Paris (1766).
P.P.PTMER. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Port Payé Pont-Audemer.
P.R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Posta Romana (1802).
P.R.1 : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French Prusse Rayon 1.
PREKOMURJE : (overprint on stamps of Hungary - Yugoslavian) Hungary - Yugoslavian
occupation of Transmuria (left bank of Mur River) (1919).
PRENSA : (overprint on stamps of Uruguay) Newspaper stamps.
PREUSSEN : German States - Prussia (1861-1867).
PRIMA VALORES DECLARADOS : Dominican Republic - Insured letter stamps.
PRIMIER VURLO POSTAL - BARRION-MIAMI : (overprint on stamps of Guatemala)
Airmails.
PRIMO VOLO DIRETTO ROMA-BUENOS AIRES TRIMOTORE : (overprint on stamps
of Italy and Cyrenaica) Airmails.
PRINCE FAROUK : Egypt (1929).
PRINCIPAUTE DE MONACO : Monaco - Principality of Monaco.
PRINCIPAUTE DE TRINIDAD : Brazil - Bogus private issue (1894).
PRISTINA : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) (1911) - City of Pristina.
PRO AERO : Switzerland - Airmails.
PRO AGRICULTURA Y CANADERIA : Paraguay - Semipostals.
PRO CARTERO : Argentina - Semipostals.
PRO CASA DE JUBILACIONES DE COMMUNICACIONES : Bolivia - Postal tax stamps.
PRO COMBATTENTI : (overprint on stamps of San Marino) Semipostals (1918) - For the
Troops.
PRO DESOCUPADOS : (overprint on stamps of Peru) Postal tax stamps - For Unemployed.
PRO EDUCATION FISICIA : Panama - Postal tax stamp - For Physical Education.
PRO FUNDAZIONE STUDIO LIRE 5 : Fiume - Semipostals - Benefit of Educational Fund.
PRO INFANCIA : (overprint on stamps of Mexico) Postal tax stamps - For Children's Welfare.
PRO JUVENTUTE : Switzerland - Semipostals.
PRO PATRIA : Switzerland - Semipostals - For the Country.
PRO PLEBISCITO TACNA Y ARICA : Peru - Plebescite tax stamps (1925/1928).
PROTECCION A LA INFANCIA : (overprint on stamps of Mexico) Postal tax stamps.
PROTECCION AL ANCIANO : Uruguay - Postal tax stamp - For the Aged.
PROTECTORADO ESPANOL EN MARRUECOS : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Spanish
Morocco (1915).
PROTECTORAT COTE DES SOMALIS : Somali Coast.
PROTECTORATE : (overprint on stamps of Bechuanaland) Bechuanaland Protectorate
(1888/1889).
PROTECTORAT FRANÇAIS : (overprint on stamps of France or French Morocco) French
Morocco (1914/1922).
PROTEJA A LA INFANCIA : Mexico - Postal tax stamps - For Children's Protection.
PRO TUBERCULOSOS POBRES : Spain (1937/1938) For the Poor with Tuberculosis.
PRO UNION IBEROAMERICANA : Spain (1930).
PROVINCE LAIBACH - LJUBLJANSKA POKRAJINA : (overprint on stamps of Italy)
Yugoslavia - Laibach - German occupation.
PROVINCIE MODONESI : Italian States - Modena (1859).
PROVINZ LAIBACH : Yugoslavia - Ljubljana - German occupation.
PROVISIONAL 1881-1882 : (overprint on stamps of Peru - Arequipa) (1881/1885).
PROVISIONAL GOVT. 1893 : (overprint on stamps of Hawaii) Republic issues (1893).
PROVISORIO : (overprint on stamps of Portugese Colonies) To revalidate demonetized
stamps.
PROVISORISCH WERT IN SCHWEIZ FRANC : (overprint on stamps of Liechtenstein)
Temporary Value in Swiss Francs.
PROV. R.I. : United States - Postmaster s provisional issue.
PRO VIVIENDA OBRARA : Bolivia - Postal tax stamps.
PRUISEN A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Pruisen Arnhem (1848/1851).
PRUISEN E. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Pruisen Enschede (1848/1849).
PRUISEN M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Pruisen Maastricht (1850/1852).
PRUISEN N. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Pruisen Nijmegen (1849/1851).
PRUISEN V. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Pruisen Venlo (1849/1850).
PRUISEN W. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Pruisen Winterswijk (1849).
PRUSSE p.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Prusse par Magdeburg.
PRUSSE P.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Prusse Par Coswig (1810).
PRZESLYKA URZEDOWA : Poland - Officials.
PS : (intertwined in script letter) Colombia - Causa (1882/1883).
P.s. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Péages.
P.S. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Private Secretary.
P.S.N.C. : (in corners with ship) Peru - Pacific Steam Navigation Company (1857).
P.S.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Pacific Steamer Packet.
P.S.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Prusse Service Publique (1861/1865).
P.S.V. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Posta San Vitale (1847).
P.T. IN R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - (in heart-shaped frame with number underneath)
Posta Toscana in Roma (1795/1796).
Pte Rte : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Poste Restante (1795).
PTO-RICO : Puerto Rico.
PUL : Afghanistan.
PULAU PENENG : Malaysia - Penang.
PUNO : (overprint on stamps of Peru or Arequipa) Peru - Chilean occupation (1882/1885).
PUOLUSTUSVOIMAT KENTTA POSTIA : Finland.
PUTTIALA : (overprint on stamps of India) India - Patiala (1884/1890).
PUTTIALA STATE : India - Patiala (1884/1890).
P.W. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Public Works.
PYCCHON APMIN : (overprint on stamps of Ukraine) Russia - Offices in Turkey - Wrangel
issues (1921).
PYCCKAR HOYTA : (overprint on stamps of Ukraine) Russia - Offices in Turkey - Wrangel
issues (1921).
P.Z.Gr.S. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Polish - Porto Zagraniczne, Groszy, Srebrem (=Foreign
postage (charge) in silver groszy) - Struck at frontiers (1810/1817).


                                              Q
Q. : British - Quebec (Canada).
Q. : French - Quitte (= postage paid) Austria - Graz.
QARKU POSTES I KORCES : Albania (1918) - Local Post of Korytza.
QATAR : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Qatar (1957-1960).
QER. GAL. : French - Quartier Général (= General Headquarters).
QEVERRIES SE PERKOHESHME : Albania (1913).
QU'AITI STATE IN HADHRAMAUT : Aden - East Aden Protectorate (1955) - South Arabia
(Now South Yemen).
QU'AITI STATE OF SHIHR AND MUKALLA : Aden - East Aden Protectorate (1955) -
South Arabia (Now South Yemen).
QUAN BOO : Vietnam - Military stamps.
QUELIMANE : (overprint on stamps of Portugese Colonies issues) Quelimane (1913).
QUINDAR : (currency) Albania.

                                              R
R : universal symbol for registration.
R : (on stamp covered with wriggly writing) India - Jhind (1874/1884).
R : (overprint on stamps of Colombia) Panama.
R : on stamps with Arabic lettering but no country name - Iran.
R. : Austrian - Rastelamt (Croatian mark).
R. : Dutch - (in double circle) Rotterdam (1777).
R. : French - (followed by numeral 1 to 5) Rayon.
R. : French - Rebuts (undelivered letters) (1796).
R. : French - Récommandé (1829/1900).
R. : Italian - Raccomandato.
R. : Italian - Rovigo (1763/1767).
R. : Polish - (under numeral in circle) Rano (= Morning). Numeral indicates hour (1854/1859).
R. : Prussian - (thick with thin serifs 11 mm. high) Transit mark put on at Tilsit (1844).
R. : Swiss - Récommandé.
RABAUL : New Britain - German New Guinea registration label (1914).
RACAPITO AUTORIZZATO : Italy - Authorized delivery stamps.
RAJASTHAN : India - Rajasthan (1949).
RAPPEN : (currency) Switzerland.
RARATONGA : Cook Islands (1919/1931).
RATNI DOPRINOS : Croatia - Semipostals.
RAYON : Switzerland (1850/1854).
R. B. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia ) Officials (1868/1874) - Road Board.
R.B.S. : (currency) Denmark (1851) - Riggsbank Skilling.
R. Commissariato : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Italian occupation (1940 Red Cross
airmail).
R. COMMISSARIATO CIVILE TERRITORIO SLOVENI OCCUPATI LUBLINA :
(overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Yugoslavia - Ljubljana - Italian occupation (1941/1945).
R. D. ALLEM : Swiss - Route d'Allemagne (= Road of Germany).
R. de C. : (overprint on stamps of Nicaragua) Postal tax stamps - Reconstruction of
Communications.
R. de C. GARZON 1894 NO HAY ESTAMPILLAS… : Colombia - Tomina - Republica de
Colombia… (= Republic of Colombia - No Stamps…).
R. de Sumisw : Swiss - Route de Sumiswald (= Road of Sumiswald).
RECAPITO AUTORIZZATO : Italy - Authorized delivery.
RECARGO : Spain - War tax stamps (1898) (= Extra Charge).
RECOMENDADA : Colombia - Registration (1881).
RECOMMANDE : French language countries (= Registration).
RECOMMENDATA : Italian language countries (= Registration).
RECOUVREMENTS : French language countries - To collect postage on returned C.O.D.
parcels (= Recoveries).
RECOUVREMENTS - TAXE A PERCEVOIR : French language countries - On stamps used
to collect magazine subscriptions, etc. (= Value to Collect).
RECOUVREMENTS - VALEURS IMPAYEES : French language countries - On stamps used
to collect magazine subscriptions, etc. (= Value Unpaid).
RECUERDO DEL I DE FEBRERO : Honduras (1916).
RED CROSS TWO CENTS : (overprint on stamps of North Borneo) 1918 - Surcharge to raise
funds for the Red Cross Society.
Reg. FR : French - Region Frontière (1850/1857).
REGATUL ROMANIEI : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Hungary - Romanian occupation
(1919) (= Kingdom of Romania).
REGENCE DE TUNIS : Tunisia (1888/1908) (= Regency of Tunis).
REGGENZA ITALIANA DEL CARNARO : (overprint on stamps of Fiume) (1920) (= Italian
Regency of Quarnaro).
REGIERUNGS DIENSTSACHE : (overprint on stamps of Luxembourg) Officials.
REGISTRO : Columbia - Antioquia (1896/1899) (= Registered).
REGNO D'ITALIA FIUME : Fiume (1924).
REGNO D'ITALIA FIVME : Fiume (1924).
REGNO D'ITALIA VENEZIA GIULIA : Austria - Italian occupation (1918).
REGNO D'ITALIA VENEZIA TRENTINO : Austria - Italian occupation (1918).
REGNO D'ITALIA / MBRETNIJA SHQIPTARE : (overprinted on stamps of Italy) - Albania
abroad sunk en route by enemy action - 200 sets survived (1929).
REHABILITADA PARA EL SERVICIO : (overprint on stamps of Honduras) Convert air
mails to ordinary postage.
Re. He. : Swiss - République Helvétique.
REICH : Germany (1872/1944).
REICHSPOST : Germany (1872/1944).
REIS : (currency) Portugal, Portuguese Colonies, Brazil.
REIS with CORREIO : (currency, no country name) Portugal (1853/1864).
REJISTRO : Colombia - Registration (= Registry).
RELAIS : Iran - Stickers for railway tickets allowing users to ride postal wagons on non-railway
routes.
REP. DI S. MARINO : San Marino.
REP SOCIALE ITALIANA : Italy - Italian Social Republic (1944).
REPUBBLICA DI SAN MARINO : San Marino.
REPUBBLICA ITALIANA : Italy.
REPUBBLICA SOCIALE ITALIANA : Italy - Italian Social Republic (1944).
REPUBLIKA MALAGASY : Madagascar.
REPUBLIQUE DE GUINEE : Guinea.
REPUB FRANC : French Colonies.
REPUB. FRANC. : France - French Colonies.
REPUBLICA DE GUINEA ECUATORIAL : Equatorial Guinea.
REPUBLICA DOMINICANA : Dominican Republic.
REPUBLICA ESPANOLA : Spain.
REPUBLICA INHAMBANE : (overprint on stamps of various Portuguese colonies)
Inhambane (1913).
REPUBLICA MAYOR DE CENTRO AMERICA ESTADO DE EL SALVADOR : El
Salvador.
REPUBLIC OF BOTSWANA : (overprint on stamps of Bechuanaland Protectorate) Botswana
(1966).
REPUBLICA ORIENTAL DEL URUGUAY : Uruguay (1866/1961).
REPUBLICA ORIENTAL DE URUGUAY : Uruguay (1864/1866).
REPUBLICA PERUANA : Peru.
REPUBLICA POPULARA ROMINA : Romania.
REPUBLICA PORTUGUESA : Portugal.
REPUBLIEK STELLALAND : Stellalan.
REPUBLIEK VAN SUID-AFRIKA : South Africa (1961/1971).
REPUBLIKA MALAGASY : Madagascar (Malagasy Republic).
REPUBLIKA NG. PILIPINAS : Philippines - Japanese occupation (1943).
REPUBLIKA POPULLORE E SHQIIPERISE : Albania.
REPUBLIK INDONESIA SERIKAT : Indonesia.
REPUBLIK MALUKU SELATAN : South Moloccas (Indonesian private issues).
REPUBLIOUE ARABE UNIE - SYRIE : United Arab Republic - Syria (1958).
REPUBLIQUE AUTONOME DU TOGO : Togo.
REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE : Central African Republic.
REPUBLIQUE D'AZERBAIJAN : Azerbaijan (1919/1922).
REPUBLIQUE DE COTE D'IVOIRE : Ivory Coast.
REPUBLIQUE DE HAUTE VOLTA : Upper Volta.
REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE DU CONCO : Congo.
REPUBLIQUE D'HAITI : Haiti.
REPUBLIQUE DU CONGO : Congo - Congo Republic.
REPUBLIQUE DU DAHOMEY : Dahomey.
REPUBLIQUE DU MALI : Mali.
REPUBLIQUE DU NIGER : Niger.
REPUBLIQUE DU SENEGAL : Senegal.
REPUBLIQUE DU TCHAD : Chad.
REPUBLIQUE DU TOGO : Togo.
REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE : France.
REPUBLIQUE GABONAISE : Gabon (1959/present).
REPUBLIQUE GEORGIENNE : Georgia.
REPUBLIOUE ISLAMIQUE DE MAURITANIE : Mauritania.
REPUBLIQUE LIBANAISE : Lebanon.
REPUBLIQUE MALGACHE : Madagascar (Malagasy).
REPUBLIQUE RWANDAISE : Rwanda.
REPUBLIQUE SYRIENNE : Syria.
REPUBLIQUE TOGOLAISE : Togo (1961/present).
REPUBLIQUE TUNISIENNE : Tunisia (1957/present).
REPUEBLIK INDONESIA : Indonesia.
REPULO POSTA : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Airmails.
REPVBLIQUE DE COTE D'IVOIRE : Ivory Coast.
REPVBLIQUE FRANCAISE : France.
RESELLADO : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Control mark (= Restamped).
RESELLADO : (overprint on stamps of Venezuela) Restore validity to demonitized stamps (=
Restamped).
RESISTANCE : (overprint on stamps of Syria) Military semipostals.
RESMI : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Officials.
RETARDO : (overprint on stamps of Colombia and Panama) Late fee stamps (Late).
RETOURBRIEF KGL OBERAMT : German States - Bavaria - Return letter stamps.
RETOURBRIEF KGL OBERPOSTAMT REGENSBURG : German States - Regensburg -
Return letter stamps.
RETURN FROM NORFOLK ISLANDS : Pitcairn Islands - Marking inhabitant's return to the
island.
RETYMNO : Crete (1899).
REUNION : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Reunion (1891).
REVENUE : (overprint on stamps of Iraq) Revenue.
R.F. : French - Region Frontière (1850/1857).
R.F. : France - French Colonies - Republique Francaise (French Republic).
R.F.B. : Swiss - Région Frontière Baden (1856).
R. Front. : Swiss - Région Frontière.
R.H. : Irish - Receiving House.
R.H. : Swiss - République Helvétique.
R.H. : Haiti - Postage dues (1898) - Republique d'Haiti (Republic of Haiti).
RHEINLAND-PFALZ : Germany - Rhine Palatinate - French military occupation (1947/1949).
RHEIN-RUHR-HILSE : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Semipostals.
RHODESIA : (overprint on stamps of Rhodesia and Nyasaland) Rhodesia - Postage dues
(1965/1967).
R.H. Official : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Officials - Royal Household.
RIAL : (currency) Iran.
RIALTAR SEALDAC NA HEIREANN 1922 : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Ireland
(1922) (= Prov. Government of Ireland).
RIAU : (overprint on stamps of Indonesia) Riouw Archipelago (1954/1960).
RIED.B.W. : Swiss - Ried bei Worb.
RIGSBANK SKILLING : Denmark (1851/1854).
RIN : (currency) Japan.
RIOS 19 : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Ecuador - Los Rios provincial control marks
(1902).
RIS : (currency overprint on stamps of Netherlands Indies) Indonesia (1950/1951) (= Republik
Indonesia Serikat).
RIZEH : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey - Rizah (1910).
R.L. : British - Ride Letter (1830).
R.L. : French - (oblong frame) Rayon Limitrophe (1900).
R.L. : French - République Ligurienne (1799).
RL. PLATA F. : Cuba - Philippines.
RN : (currency) Japan.
R.O. : (in circle in red) Real Officio.
R.O. : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Eastern Rumelia (1880) - Roumelie Orientale.
ROBERTSPORT : Liberia.
RODI : Italy - Aegean Islands - Rhodes.
RODI : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Rhodes.
ROM. : Italian - Romagna.
ROMAGNE : Italian States - Romagne (1859/1860).
ROMANA : Romania.
ROMANA : Rome
ROMANIA : Romania.
ROMANIA - ZONE DE OCCUPATIE : (overprint on stamps of Hungary- Romanian)
Hungary - Romanian occupation.
ROMINA : Romania.
ROODE KRUIS : Netherlands - Semipostals (= Red Cross).
R.O.R. : Irish (1834).
ROSS DEPENDENCY : New Zealand - Ross Dependency (1957/present).
ROSSIJA : Russia - Independant federation issue.
ROT : Dutch - Rotterdam (1771/1808).
ROTARY INTERNATIONAL - CONVENTION WIEN 1931 : (overprint on stamps of
Austria) Semipostal (1931).
ROUMELIE ORIENTALE : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Eastern Roumelia (1880).
ROUTE DE SAR. : Swiss - Route de Sargans.
ROYAUME DE L'ARABlE SAOUDITE : Saudi Arabia.
ROYAUME DE L'ARABlE SAQUOITE : Saudi Arabia.
ROYAUME DU BURUNDI : Burundi.
ROYAUME DU CAMBODGE : Cambodia.
ROYAUME DU LAOS : Laos.
ROYAUME DU MAROC : Morocco.
ROYAUME DU YEMEN : Yemen.
RP : Liechtenstein - Switzeriand.
R.P.B. : British - Returned Parcels Branch.
R.P.E. SHIQPERISE : Albania.
RPF : (surcharge) Luxembourg - German occupation (1940).
R.P.O. : British - Railway Post Office (1866).
R. Poste : Italian - Regie Poste (= Royal Post) (1820).
R.P. ROMINA : Romania.
RSA : South Africa (1967/present)
R.S.M. : San Marino (1949/1951).
R.S.T.B. : French - Royaume de Saxe Transit Bade (= Kingdom of Saxony via Baden).
Rte : Swiss - Route (= Road).
Rte LUCERNE : Swiss - Route Lucerne (1840) (= Road of Lucerne).
RUA : (overprint on stamps of Syria) United Arab Republic (1958).
RUANDA : (overprint on stamps of Congo) German East Africa - Belgian occupation (1916).
R.U.D.P. : Italian - Regio Uffizio Della Posta (= Royal Post Office).
RUE : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Control mark.
RUMANIEN : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Romania - German occupation (1918).
RUS. : French - Russie (1840).
RUSSISCH-POLEN : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Poland - German occupation (1915).
RWANDAISE : Rwanda.
RYUKUS : Ryukus Islands (1950/1972).
RZ. : French - Hôpital Général de la Salpétrière. (Z was the index letter of the box at the
Hospital - Significance of R is unknown) (1783/1858).

                                               S
S : (overprint on stamps of Straits Settlements) Malaya - Selanegor (1879/1891).
S. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Sheriff.
S. : Dutch - Sea Letter - Enkhuizen (1759/1765).
S. : Dutch - (script type) Sea Letter - Enkhuizen (1765/1769).
S. : French - Suisse.
S. : French - (surmounted by crown) Saumur (1711).
S. : French - (sometimes followed by numeral) Sarde (= Sardinia).
S. : German - Saxony.
S. : Spanish - Seville.
S. : Swiss - Savognin (customs cachet).
S. : Venetian - Sanita (two sizes) (1763/1766).
S.A. : French - Service Administratif (Lausanne)(1803).
S.A. : Swiss Schatzungs - Aufseher.
S.A. : Saudi Arabia.
SAARE : (overprint on stamps of Bavaria) Saar (1920).
SAARE : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Saar (1920).
SAARGEBIET : Saar (1920/1934).
SAARGEBIET LUFTPOST : Saar - Airmails.
SAARGEBIET VOLKSHILSE : Saar - Semipostals.
SAARLAND : Saar (1957/1959).
SAARPOST : Saar (1948).
SABAH : (overprint on stamps of North Borneo) Sabah (1964).
SACHEN : German States - Saxony.
SACHSEN : German States - Saxony.
SAGGIO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Specimen or Proof.
SAHARA ESPANOL : Spanish Sahara.
SAHARA OCCIDENTAL : Spanish Sahara.
SAHARA OCCIDENTAL R.A.S.D. : Western Sahara (Morocco) - Illegal issues - Republic
Arab Sahraui Democratic.
SAHARAUI : Saharaui Arabia Republic (Morocco) - Illegal issue.
S.A.I.D.E. : (overprint on stamps of Egypt) Airmails - Services Aériens Internationaux d'Egypte.
SAINT HELENA TRISTAN RELIEF : (overprint on stamps of St. Helena ) Semipostal for
Tristan da Cunha (1961).
SAINT PIERRE ET MIQUELON : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies ) St. Pierre &
Miquelon.
SAINT PIERRE M-ON : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) St. Pierre & Miquelon.
S.A.K. : Saudi Arabia.
SALONICCO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey - Salonika (1909/1911).
SALONIKA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey - Salonika (1909/1911).
SALONIQUE : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey (1909/1910).
SALVE HOSPES : Netherlands - Semipostals for national tourist association.
SAMOA : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Samoa (1900).
SAMOA : (without WESTERN on stamps of New Zealand) Samoa (1914/1934).
SAMOA I SISIFU : Western Samoa (1958).
SANDJAK D'ALEXANDRETTE : (overprint on stamps of Syria) Alexandretta.
SANITORIUM : Dominican Republic - Semipostals.
SAN MARINO : Oblong postmark (1863/1864), circular postmark (1865/1866), dotted squared
postmark (1867/1877).
SANS : German - Sanitätsstempel.
SAN ST. : German - Sanitätsstempel
SANTANDER : Colombia - Santander.
SAORSTAT EIREANN : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Ireland (1922/1923) (= Free
State of Ireland).
SAR : Sytia (1961/present).
SARKARI : India - Soruth.
SARRE : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Saar (1920).
SASENO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Saseno (1923).
SAURASHTRA : India - Soruth (1929/1949).
S.B. : German - Soldaten Brief (= Soldier's Letter)(1870).
S.C. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Supreme Court.
S.C.A.D.A. : Colombia - South American airline private stamps - Sociedad Colombia Alleman
de Transportes Aereos.
SCARPANTO : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Scarpanto (1912/1932).
SCH. : (currency) German States - Schilling.
SCh.H.O.P.A. : German - Schleswig-Holsteinsches OberPostAmt.
SCHLESWIG : German States - Schleswig-Holstein (1864/1865).
SCHWANDEN C.G. : Swiss - Schwanden Canton Glarus.
SCINDE DISTRICT DAWK : India (1852).
SCOUTS FUND : (overprint on stamps of Siam) Semipostals.
SCUDO : (currency) Italian States - Roman States (1852).
SCUTARI DI ALBANIA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey - Scutari
(1909/1916).
S.D. : (overprint on stamp of Hong Kong) Stamp Duty - Postally used (1891).
S.D.D. : (overprint on stamps of Greek) Stratiotiki Dioikisis Dodecanissou (= first issued
controlled of Rhodes) (1947).
S.d.N. BUREAU INTERNATIONALE DU TRAVAIL : (overprint on stamps of Switzerland)
Officials - Int. Labor Bureau.
SECOURS : (with Arabic inscription) Saudi Arabia - Postal tax stamps (= Relief).
SECOURS AUX REFUGIES : (overprint on stamps of Syria) Semipostal - (= Relief for
Refugees).
SECOURS AUX VICTIMES DE LA GUERRE : Haiti - Postal tax stamps (= Relief for War
Victims).
SECOURS NATIONAL : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) (various) Semipostals (=
National Relief).
SEDANG : bogus issue (1899).
SEGNATASSE : (no country name) Italy - Postage due stamps (1863/1869) (= Sign Tax).
SEGNATASSE : (no country name) Italy and Colonies, Vatican - Postage due stamps (= Sign
Tax).
SEGURO POSTAL : Mexico - Insured letter stamps (= Safe Post).
SEGURO SOCIAL DEL CAMPESINO : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Postal tax stamps
(= Farmer's Social Security).
SEIYUN : Aden - Seiyun.
SEJM WILNIE : Central Lithuania (1922).
SELANGOR : Malaya - Selangor.
SELF-GOVERNMENT 1963 : Gambia.
SELLO POSTAL : Spain (1900/1902).
SELLO POSTAL : (overprint on stamps of Nicaragua) Revalidating demonetized issues.
SELLOS DE CORREOS- RESENA HISTORICA : Spain - Private issue by A.F. Duro
(1881).
SEN : (currency) Japan - Ryukyu Islands (1948/1950).
SENEGAL : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Senegal (1892).
SENEGAMBIE ET NIGER : Senegambia & Niger (1903).
SERBES : (overprint on stamps of France) Serbia (1916/1918).
SERBIEN : (overprint on stamps of Austria or Bosnia and Herzegovina) Serbia - Austrian
occupation (1916).
SERBIEN : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Serbia - German occupation (1941).
SERVICE DE L'ETAT : Egypt and Saudi Arabia - Officials (= Service of State).
SERVICE DE LA SOCIETE DES NATIONS : (overprint on stamps of Switzerland) Officials
- League of Nations.
SERVICE DES POSTES PERSANES : Iran - Officials.
SERVICE FRANCO : Iran - Officials.
SERVICE POSTAL AERIEN : Belgian Congo - Airmails.
SERVICE POSTAL AERIENNE : French Morocco - Airmails.
SERVICIO AEREO : Spanish language countries (= Air Service).
SERVICIO AEREO EXTERIOR : Spanish language countries (= Foreign Air Service).
SERVICIO AEREO HABILITADO : (overprint on stamps of Honduras) Officials made valid
for airmail.
SERVICIO AEREO INTERIOR : Spanish language countries (= Domestic Air Service).
SERVICIO AEREO INTERNACIONAL : (overprint on stamps of Honduras) Airmails (=
International Air Service).
SERVICIO AEREO SOBRETASE : Argentina - Airmails.
SERVICIO CENTROAMERICANO : (overprint on stamps of Nicaragua) Airmails (= Central
American Service).
SERVICIO DEL ESTADO : (overprint on stamps of Chile) Officials (= State Service).
SERVICIO INTERNO : (overprint on stamps of Guatemala ) Officials (= Internal Service).
SERVICIO OFICIO : Paraguay - Officials (= Official Service).
SERVICIO OFICIO : (overprint on stamps of Peru and Ecuador) Officials (= Official Service).
SERVICIO ORDINARIO : (overprint on stamps of Nicaragua) Converting airmails to regular
issues (= Ordinary Service).
SERVICIO POSTAL AEREO : Brazil - Airmails (= Air Mail Service).
SERVICIO POSTAL AEREO : (overprint on stamps of Colombia, Guatemala, Uruguay)
Airmails (= Air Mail Service).
SERVICIO POSTAL DEL SALVADOR : El Salvador (= El Salvador Postal Service).
SERVICIO POSTAL MEXICANO : Mexico (= Mexico Postal Service) (1886/1895).
SERVIZIO DI STATO : Italian language countries - Airmail - Officials (= State Service).
S.E.U.F. : Italian - Stati esteri ultre frontiera (= Foreign states beyond the frontier).
SEVILLA-BARCELONA : Spain (1929).
S F : (overprint on stamps of Denmark) Military stamps (Soldater Frimaerke = Soldier's Stamp).
S.F. : Italian - Strada Ferrata (= Railway) (1841).
S.F.L.FRANCA : Italian - (in rectangle) Strada Ferrata Leopolde/Paid (1853/1854).
S.G. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Surveyor General.
S.G. : Italian - Sanita Genova (1819).
S.G. : (overprint on stamps of Sudan) Officials - Sudan Government.
SGR : (currency): German States - Silver Groschen.
SH : (in upper corners, no country name, eagle and shield) German States - Schleswig-Holstein
(1850).
S.H. : Belgian - (in rectangle) Saint Hubert (1760/1800).
SHANGAI CHINA : (overprint on stamps of U.S.) United States - Offices in China
(1919/1922).
SHANGHAI LOCAL POST : Shanghai (1890/1893).
SHANGHAI L.P.O. : Shanghai (= Local Post Office) (pre-1890).
SHCO : (on shield) Mozambique - Postal tax stamps.
SHIHR AND MUKALLA : Aden - Shihr and Mukalla (1942/1953).
SHQIPENIA : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Albania (1913).
SHQIPENIE : Albania.
SHQIPERIA : Albania.
SHQIPERIE KORCE VETQEVERITALE : French Forces - Occupation of Albania - Korytza
(= Albanian Korytza Independent).
SHQIPERIJA : Albania.
SHQIPERISE : Albania.
SHQIPNI : Albania.
SHQIPNIJA : Albania.
SHQIPONIES : Albania.
S.H.S. : Yugoslavia (1918/1920) - Srbska, Hrvatska, Slovenska (Serbo-Croat-Slovenian
Kingdom).
S.H.S. : (overprint on stamps of Hungary - Yugoslavia - Croatia - Slovenia).
SIAM : Thailand.
SICILIA : Italian States - Two Sicilies.
SIEGE DE LA LIGUE ARABE : Morocco.
SIEGE (OF) MAFEKING : Cape of Good Hope (1900).
SIMI : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Simi (1912/1932).
SINGAPORE MALAYA : Singapore (1948/1959).
SIRMOOR : India - Sirmoor (1879/1901).
SIVAS : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Turkey (1930).
SKILLING : (currency) Denmark, Norway.
SKILLING BANCO : (currency) Sweden.
S.L.B. : Spanish - San Lacar de Barrameda.
SLD. : (currency) Austria - Offices in Turkey.
SLESVIG : Schleswig - Plebecite issue (1920).
SLOVENI : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Yugoslavia - Italian Occupation (1941).
SLOVENIJA : Slovenia.
SLOVENSKA POSTA : Czechoslovakia - Slovakia (1939/1944).
SLOVENSKENO : (overprint on stamps of Czechoslovakia) Czechoslovakia - Slovakia
(1939/1944).
SLOVENSKO : Czechoslovakia - Slovakia (1939/1944).
SLOVENSKO-PRIMORGE : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Yugoslavia - Istria
(1945/1946).
SLOVENSKY STAT : (overprint on stamps of Czechoslovakia) Czechoslovakia - Slovakia
(1939/1944).
S.M. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Stipendiary Magistrate.
S.MARINO : San Marino.
SMIRNE : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey - Smyrna (1909/1922).
S. Mno : San Marino.
SMYRNE : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey - Smyrna (1909/1910).
SN : (currency) Japan.
SNG : Senegal - French colony.
S.O. : (overprint on stamps of Hong Kong ) Intended for revenue but postally used during a
shortage (1882) - Stamp Office.
SO 1920 : (overprint on stamps of Czechoslovakia) Eastern Silesia (1920) (= Silésie Orientale).
S.O.A. : Swiss - Service Officiel Administrif.
SOBRE CLOTA PARA MULTOS POSTALES : Mexico - Parcel posts.
SOBREPORTO : Colombia - Postage dues.
SOBREPORTO AEREO : Colombia - Airmail postage dues.
SOBRETASA AEREA : Colombia - Airmail (1929).
SOCIEDAD COLOMBO-ALEMANA DE TRANSPORTES AEREOS : Colombia - Airmail
(1920/1921).
SOCIEDADE DE GEOGRAPHIA DE LISBOA : Portugal - Franchise stamps (1903/1938) (=
Geographical Society of Lisbon).
SOCIEDADE HUMANITARIA CRUZ DE ORIENTE : Mozambique - Postal tax stamps (=
East Cross Humanitarian Society).
SOCIEDADE PORTUGUEZA DA CRUZ VERMELHA PORTE FRANCO : Portugal -
Private franchise stamps (= Portuguese Red Cross).
SOCIETE DES NATIONS : Switzerland - League of Nations - Officials (1922/1944).
SOL : (currency) Peru.
SOLDI : (currency) Austria - Lombardy - Venetia (1858/1865).
SOLIDARITE 1947 : Tunisia - Semipostal.
SOLIDARITE FRANCAISE : French Colonies - General issue - Semipostals (1943/1944).
SOMALIA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Somalia (1922/1923).
SOMALIA ITALIANA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Somalia.
SOMALIA ITALIANA MERIDIONALE : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Somalia - Postage
dues (1906/1908).
SOMALI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC : (1970/1973).
SOMALILAND INDEPENDENCE 26 JUNE 1960 : (overprint on stamps of Somaliland).
SOMALIS : Somali Coast (1902/1967).
SOMALIYA : Somalia (1973/present).
SOM UBESORGET AABNET AF POST DEPARTMENTET : Norway - Return letter stamp
(= Return to Sender).
SOM UINDLOST AABNET AF POST DEPARTMENTET : Norway - Return letter stamp
(= Return to Sender - Not Called For).
SONORA : Mexico - Sonora civil war issues (1913/1914).
SORUTH : India - Soruth (1929/1949).
SOUDAN : (overprint on stamps of Egypt) Sudan (1897).
SOUDAN : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) Sudan (1894).
SOUDAN : (overprint on stamps of Upper Senegal and Niger) Sudan (1921/1930).
SOUDAN FEIS : French Sudan (1894) (= Soudan Français).
SOUDAN FRANÇAIS : French Sudan.
SOURASHTRA : India - Soruth (1923/1929).
SOUTHERN RHODESIA : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Southern Rhodesia -
Postage dues (1951).
SOUTH GEORGIA : (overprint on stamps of Falkland Islands) Falkland Islands - South
Georgia (1944/present).
SOUTH ORKNEYS : (overprint on stamps of Falkland Islands) Falkland Islands - South
Orkneys (1944/1962).
SOUTH SHETLANDS : (overprint on stamps of Falkland Islands) Falkland Islands - South
Shetlands (1944/1962).
SOUTH WEST AFRICA : (overprint on stamps of South Africa) South West Africa
(1923/1927).
SOWJETISCHE BESATZUNGS ZONE : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Germany -
Russian occupation (1948).
S.P. : (overprint on stamps of Luxembourg) - Service Public (indicate official usage)
(1881/1899).
SPANISH WESTERN SAHARA : Spanish Sahara.
SPECIAL DELIVERY : (overprint on stamps of Bahamas) 1916 - Special delivery stamps.
SPECIAL EXPRES : Canada - Special delivery.
SPECIMEN : (overprint on stamp of English speaking countries) Sample stamp.
SPITFIRE : Cameroun - Semipostals.
SPM : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) St. Pierre and Miquelon (1885/1886).
SPOORWAGEN CHEMINS DE FUR : Belgium - Parcel posts.
S.Q. TRSTA-VUJA : Yugoslavia Zone B - Trieste.
S.Q. TRSTA-VUJA ZRACNA P : Yugoslavia Zone B - Trieste - Airmails (1949).
S.R. : Dutch - (in frame in red) Service Rural (1836).
S.R. : Dutch - (large caps. in red) Service Rural (1836).
SRBH HRVATI I SLOVENICA : Yugoslavia.
SRI LANKA : Ceylon (1972/present).
S.R.M. : (currency) German States - Holstein - Skilling Reichs Munze.
SRODKOWA LITVA : Central Lithuania.
SRODKOWA LITWA POCZTA : Central Lithuania.
S.S. : Italian - Staffetta Sforza (Milan) (1459).
S.S.P. : French - Suisse Service Public (1857/1866).
S.S.P. : Swiss - Suisse Service Postal (1857/1861).
ST : (no country name) Thailand (1932/1943).
S.T. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) - Superintendent of
Telegraph.
S.T.A. : German - Stadt Post Amt.
STAATS MARKE : German States - Wurttemberg - Officials.
STADT BERLIN : Germany - Soviet occupation (1948/1949).
STADT POST AMT : German States - Bremen (= City Post Bremen).
STADT POST BASEL : Switzerland - Basel (= City Post Basel).
STAEMPLE : Austria - Newspaper stamps.
STAFELBACH B. : Swiss - Staffelbach Boîte.
STAMPALIA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Aegean Islands - Stampalia (1912/1932).
STAMP DUTY : New Zealand and Victoria fiscal tax stamps.
STAMPLE : Austria - Newspaper stamps (= Stamp).
STATE OF KUWAIT : Kuwait (1962/present).
STATE OF SINGAPORE : Singapore.
STATI PARM : Italian States - Parma (1852/1859) (= State of Parma).
STATI PARMENSI : Italian States - Parma (1852/1859) (= State of Parma).
S.T.B. : French - Saxe transit Bade.
ST.BG./Rs. 1 : Indian - Steamer bearing/rupees 1 (= 1 rupee to pay) (1867).
ST. CHRISTOPHER-NEVIS-ANGUILLA : St. Kitts - Nevis (1952/1980).
STEMPLE : Austria - Newspaper stamps (= Stamp).
STEMPEL with CENTS : Austria - Lombardy Venetia (1850).
STEMPEL with KREUZER : Austria (1850).
STG : (no country name) Thailand (1932/1943).
ST.G. : British - St Georges (Bermuda) (1865).
S. THOME E PRINCIPE : St. Thomas & Prince Islands.
STOCKHOLM : Sweden (1924).
S. TOME E PRINCIPE : St. Thomas & Prince Islands.
STOTHNKH : (currency) Bulgaria.
ST.P.A. : German - (in oval with date) Stadt Post Amt (Town Post Office -
Hamburg)(1838/1858).
ST-PIERRE M-ON : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies) St. Pierre and Miquelon
(1891/1892).
ST.P.LUBECK : German - Stadt Post (= Town Post) Lübeck (1815).
STRAITS SETTLEMENTS : (overprint on stamps of Labuan) Straits Settlements (1907).
S.T. TRSTA-VUJA : Yugoslavia Zone B - Trieste.
S.T.T. VUJA : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Yugoslavia Zone B - Trieste.
S.T.T.-V.U.J.N.A. : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Yugoslavia Zone B - Trieste.
S U : (overprint on stamps of Strait Settlements) Malaya - Sungei Ujong (1878/1891).
SUBMARINO with CORREO : Spain - Submarine stamps (1938).
SUDAN POSTAGE TAX : Sudan - Postage dues.
SUID-AFRIKA : South Africa.
SUIDWES-AFRIKA : South West Africa.
SUJONG : (overprint on stamps of Strait Settlements) Malaya - Sungei Ujong (1891/1894).
SUL BOLLETTlNO : Italy or overprinted colonies - Parcel posts.
SUL BOLLETTlNO : (on stamps with star and crescent) Somalia - Parcel posts.
SULLA RICEVUTA : Italy or overprinted colonies - Parcel posts.
SULLA RICEVUTA : (on stamps with star and crescent) Somalia - Parcel posts.
SULTANAT D'ANJOUAN : Anjouan.
SUMISW : Swiss - Sumiswald.
SUNGEI UJONG : (overprint on stamps of Strait Settlements) Malaya - Sungei Ujong
(1878/1891).
SUOMI : (currency) Finland (1917/present).
SUOMI FINLAND : Finland.
SUP. : French - Supplémentaire. (Struck at Montpellier) (1795/1805).
SURCHARGE POSTAGE : Grenada - Trinidad and Tobago - Postage dues.
SURGOS : Hungary - Special delivery.
SURGOS : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Fiume - Special delivery.
SURINAME : Surinam.
S.V. : Italian - (in oval) Servizio Veloce (of Italian Railway) (1848/1854).
SVERIGE : Sweden.
S.W.A. : South West Africa (become Namibia).
SWAZEILAND : Swaziland (1889/1895).
SWAZIELAND : (overprint on stamps of South Africa) Swaziland.
SWAZILAND : (overprinted on stamps of South Africa) Swaziland (1945).
SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC : Syria.
SYRIE : Syria.
SYRIENNE : Syria.
SZEGED 1919 : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Hungary - Szeged (1919).

                                              T
T : (in 4 corners with numeral in center) Dominican Republic (1901/1942).
T : (with lion, F and numeral) Belgium (1966/1970).
T : (overprint on stamps of any country) Postage due stamps.
T : (overprint with circle on stamps of Peru) Peru - Huacho (1884).
T. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) (= Treasurer).
T. : Belgian - Tournai (1775).
T. : Belgian - (in circle) Tournai (1770/1800).
T. : British - Temple (London).
T. : German - (in oval with date in red) Tax or Transit - Struck at Hamburg (1841/1848).
T. : Dutch - Texel.
T. : Dutch Indies - Ternate.
T. : French - (triangular frame, apex below) Taxe (= Postage Due) (1805).
T. : French - (in circle) Paris Local Post (1897).
T. : International - (in circle) Tax stamp for collecting postage due.
T. : Swiss - Transit.
T. : Swiss - (à) Taxer.
T. : Swiss - Trop Tard (Lausanne) (= To Late) (1844) .
T. & P. : French - Trésor et Postes (meaning Paymaster's Department and Postal Services).
T:3:ST. : Dutch - (in oblong) T(exe) 3 St(uiver).
T.A. : French - Transit Autrichien (1845).
TA BETALEN PORT : Netherlands - Dutch Indies - Surinam - Netherlands Antilles.
TACNA Y ARICA : Peru - Plebescite tax stamps (1925/1928).
TAHITI : (overprint on stamps of French Colonies or French Polynesia) Tahiti.
TAI-HAN : Korea (1895) (= Empire of Korea).
TAKCA : Bulgaria - Postage dues (1884/1889) (= Tax).
TAKCA ДOПЛAЩAHKE : Bulgaria - Postage dues.
TAKCEHA БИЛbEGA : Montenegro - Postage dues.
TAKSE : Albania - Postage dues (= Tax).
TALCA : Chile - Talca tax stamp (1942).
TANGANYIKA & ZANZIBAR : Tanzania (1964).
TANGANYIKA KENYA UGANDA : Kenya, Uganda & Tanzania (1935/1964).
TANGER : (overprint on stamps of France and French Morocco) French Morocco (1918/1924).
TANGER (with CORREO(S) ESPANOL) : Spanish Morocco - Tangier.
TANGER-FEZ : Sultanate of Morocco - Local issue of questionable repute (1895).
TANGIER : (overprint on stamps of France) French Morocco - Postage due stamps.
TANGIER : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Spanish Morocco - Tangier.
TANGIER : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Great Britain - Offices in Morocco
(1927/1957).
TANZANIA with MUUNGANO : Zanzibar & Tanzania - Zanzibar (1965/1968).
TANZANIA with ZANZIBAR : Zanzibar & Tanzania - Zanzibar (1965/1968).
TANZANIA, UGANDA, KENYA : Kenya, Uganda & Tanzania (1965/1976).
TASA : Uruguay - Postage dues (= Tax).
TASA POR COBRAR : Cuba - Postage dues (= Tax to Collect).
TASSE GAZETTE : Italian States - Modena - Newspaper stamps (1859).
TAXA : Uruguay - Postage dues.
TAXA DE FACTAGIU : Romania - Parcel posts (= Tax for Porterage).
TAXA DE GUERRA : (with values in Avos) Macao - War tax stamps (1919).
TAXA DE GUERRA : (with values in $) Portuguese Africa - War tax stamps (1919).
TAXA DE GUERRA : (with values in Reis) Portuguese Guinea - War tax stamps (1919).
TAXA DE GUERRA : (with values in RP) Portuguese India - War tax stamps (1919).
TAXA DE PLATA : Romania - Postage dues (= Money Fine).
TAXA DEVIDA : Brazil - Postage dues (= Tax Due).
TAXA RECEBIDA : Mozambique - Airmails.
TAXE : (on 6 rappen stamp) Switzerland - Zurich.
TAXE A PERCEVOIR : French language countries - Postage dues (= Tax to be collected).
TAXE A PERCEVOIR T : (overprint on stamps of Ethiopia) Postage dues.
TAXE PERCUE : Mozambique - Airmails.
T.B. : French - Transit Bâdois.
T.B. : Swiss - Transit Bale.
T.B.G.D. : French - Transit Bureau Grand Ducal (1807).
T.C. : (overprint on stamps of Cochin) India - Travancore - Cochin (1950).
T.C. POSTALARI : Turkey.
T.C.E.K. : Turkey - Tax stamps (1946).
TCHAD : Chad.
TCHONGKING : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China - Tchong
King (1903/1919).
TE BETALEN : South Africa and South West Africa - Postage dues (= To Pay).
TE BETALEN with A PAYER : Belgium - Postage dues (= To Pay).
TE BETALEN with PORT : Netherlands, Indies, Antilles, New Guinea or Surinam - All
postage dues (= To Pay).
TEHERAN : (overprint on stamps of Iran) (1902).
TELEGRAFOS : Spanish language countries (= Telegraphs).
TELEGRAFOS DES ESTADO : Chile - Telegraph stamps (= State Telegraphs).
TELEGRAPHES : Belgium Telegraph Officials (1866).
TELEGRAPHIE : Switzerland - Telegraph Stamps.
T.E.O. : (overprint on stamps of France with denominations in Millièmes) Syria (1919) (=
Territoires Ennemis Occupes) (Occupied Enemy Territories).
T.E.O. : (overprint on stamps of France with denominations in Millièmes) France - Offices in
Turkey - Cilicia (1919) (= Territoires Ennemis Occupes) (Occupied Enemy Territories).
T.E.O. with CILICIA : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Cilicia (1919) (= Territoires Ennemis
Occupes) (Occupied Enemy Territories).
TERRES AUSTRALES ET ANTARCTIQUES FRANCAISES : French Southern and
Antarctic Territory.
TERRES AUSTRALES ET ANTARCTIQUES FRANCAISES : (overprint on stamps of
Madagascar) French Southern and Antarctic Territory.
TERRITOIRE DE L'ININI : (overprint on stamps of French Guiana) Inini (1932/1941).
TERRITOIRE DU FEZZAN : Libya - Fezzan - French occupation.
TERRITOIRE DU NIGER : (overprint on stamps of Upper Senegal and Niger) Niger
(1921/1926).
TERRITOIRE FRANCAIS DES AFARS ET DES ISSAS : Afars and Issas.
TERRITORIO DE IFNI : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Ifni (1941/1950).
TERRITORIOS DEL AFRICA OCCIDENTAL ESPANOLA : Spanish West Africa.
TERRITORIOS ESPANOLES DEL GOLFO DE GUINEA : Spanish Guinea (1909).
TETUAN : (overprint on stamps of Spain or Spanish Offices in Morocco) Spanish Morocco -
Tetuan (1908).
T.F. : (overprint on stamps of Orange River Colony) Telegraph stamps (Telegraaf).
T.F. : French - Transit Français (1817).
T.F.1 : Italian - Tassa Franca (= Post Paid).
T.G. : Swiss - Transit Genèvois.
THAI : Thailand.
THAILAND : (with denominations in cents) Malaya - Siamese occupation (1943/1945).
THRACE INTERALLIEE : (overprint on stamps of Bulgaria) Thrace - Allied occupation
(1919/1920).
THRACE OCCIDENTALE : (overprint on stamps of Bulgaria) Thrace - Allied occupation
(1919/1920).
TIEN-TSIN : (overprint on stamps of Italian) The Heavenly Ford.
TIENTSIN : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in China - Tien Tsin (1917/1921).
TIERRA DES FUEGO : Argentina - local stamp (1891).
TIMBRE : French language countries (= Stamp).
TIMBRE COLIS POSTAUX : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) Parcel post stamps.
TIMBRE DE MANDAT : Netherlands - Money order stamps.
TIMBRE DE RECONSTRUCCION : Guatemala - Postal tax stamps (= Reconstruction
Stamp).
TIMBRE DU SOUVENIR : Luxembourg - Semipostals.
TIMBRE FISCAL REPUBLIQUE SYRIENNE : (overprint on stamps of Syria) Postal tax
stamps.
TIMBRE IMPERIAL JOURNAUX : France - Newspaper stamps (= Imperial Newspaper
Stamps).
TIMBRE MOVIL : Spain - Revenue stamps (= Movable Stamp).
TIMBRE PATRIOTICO : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Postal tax stamps.
TIMBRE POSTE : (overprint on stamps of France) French Morocco (1893).
TIMBRE POSTE COLIS POSTAUX : (overprint on stamps of Martinique) Parcel post.
TIMBRE PROPORCIONAL : Costa Rica - Revenue stamps made valid for postage (=
Proportion Stamp).
TIMBRE TAXE with A PERCEVOIR : (no country name) French Colonies - Postage dues
(1945).
TIMBRU DE AJUTOR : Romania - Postal tax stamps.
TIMBRU DE BINE-FACERE : Romania - Postal tax stamps (1906) (= Stamps of
Benefaction).
TIMBRUL AVIATIEI : Romania - Semipostals.
TIMBRU OFFICIAL : Romania - Officials.
TIMOR : (overprint on stamps of Macao) Timor (1885/1895).
TIMOR : (overprint on stamps of Mozambique) Timor (1946).
TION : Swedish - (circular stamp with amount paid) Tidnings Stämplar (Newspaper stamp)
(1850/1860).
TION ST. : Swedish - (circular stamp with amount paid) Tidnings Stämplar (Newspaper stamp)
(1850/1860).
TJANESTE-FRIMARKE : Sweden - Officials (1881/1919) (= Service stamp).
TJENESTE-FRIMAERKE : Denmark - Officials (1871/1924) (= Service stamp).
TJENESTE-FRIMARKE : Sweden - Officials (1874/1880) (= Service stamp).
TJENESTEFRIMERKE : Norway - Officials (1926/1932) (= Service stamp).
T.L. 1 June 1899 : (overprint on stamps of Tonga) Marking king's marriage - Taufa-Lavinia
(king and queen's name).
T.M. : Serbian (1800).
To : Venetian - Trevisco (1723/1732).
T.OFF. : Irish - Treasurer's Office (Dublin) (1813/1830).
TO PAY : Great Britain - Postage dues.
TOGA : Tonga (1897/1949).
TOGO : (overprint on stamps of Dahomey) Togo (1916/1925).
TOGO : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Togo (1897/1899).
TOGO : (overprint on stamps of Gold Coast) Togo (1915/1916).
TOGO ANGLO-FRENCH OCCUPATION : (overprint on stamps of German Togo) Togo -
British occupation.
TOGOLAISE : Togo (1961/present).
TOGO OCCUPATION FRANCO-ANGLAISE : (overprint on stamps of German Togo and
Dahomey) Togo - French occupation.
TOKELAU ISLANDS : (overprint on stamps of New Zealand) Tokleau islands (1966/1967).
TOLIMA : Colombia - Tolima (1871/1904).
TOO LATE : Victoria - Late fee stamp (1855).
TOSCANO : Italian States - Tuscany.
TOTOGI G TOHI : Tonga (= Good for Postage).
TOU. : Iran - Airmails (1928).
TOUR-T : French - Thurn and Taxis.
TOUVA : Tannu Tuva (1927/1935).
TOVVA K 8 K POSTAGE : Tannu Tuva.
T.P. : British - Twopenny Post.
T.P. : Italian - Tassa Provvisoria.
T.P. : French - Transit Polonais.
T.P. : Italian - Transito Pontifico (Transit via Papal States).
T/PP/1812 : British - (in circle).
T.P./S : British - Quarterly Bulletin of 1948.
T.P.O. : British - Travelling Post Office.
T. R. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) (= Titles Registry).
T.R. : Italian - Tassa Rattificata (= charge corrected).
T.R. : Italian - Transito Regus (Lombardy Venetia).
TRAITE DE VERSAILLES : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Allenstein - Plebescite issue
(1920).
TRANS-JORDAN : Jordan (1927/1952).
TRANSACCIONES : Bolivia - Revenue stamps used as postage (1893) (= Transactions).
TRANSITO TERRITORIO : El Salvador - Transcontinental Zacapa routing (1899) (=
Territorial Transit).
TRANSITORIO : Mexico - Provisionals (1913) (= Transitory).
TRANSKEI : Former autonomous Black homeland of South Africa - Dissolved and reintegrated
into South Africa in 1994.
TRANSPORTO PACCHI IN CONCESSIONE : Italy - Parcel post authorized delivery
stamps.
TRAVANCORE : India - Travancore - Cochin.
TRAVANCORE-ANCHAL : India - Travancore - Cochin.
TRAVANCORE-ANCHEL : India - Travancore - Cochin.
TRAVANCORE-COCHIN : India - Travancore - Cochin.
TREBIZONDE : (overprint on stamps of Russia) Russia - Offices in Turkey - Trebizonde
(1909/1910).
TRENGGANU : Malaya - Trengganu.
TRENTINO : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Austria - Italian occupation (1918).
TRIDENTINA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Austria - Italian occupation (1918).
TRIESTE : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Trieste.
TRIM. : French - Trimestre (= quarter) (1810).
TRIPOLI : Tripolitania.
TRIPOLI DI BARBERIA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Africa (1909/1915).
TRIPOLI with CAMPIONARIA : Libya (1927/1938).
TRIPOLI MAGGIO : (overprint on stamps of Libya) Tripolitania - Airmails (1934).
TRIPOLITANIA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Tripolitania.
TRISTAN DA CUNHA : (overprint on stamps of St. Helena) Tristan da Cunha (1952/1963).
TRISTAN DA CUNHA RESETTLEMENT 1963 : (overprint on stamps of St. Helena).
T.S. : French - Transit Sarde (= Sardinia Transit).
T.T. : French - Thurn and Taxis.
T. Ta. C. : Turkey - Airmail tax stamps (1931/1933).
TUMACO : Colombia - Cauca (1901/1912).
TUNIS : Tunisia.
TUNISIE : Tunisia.
TUR. : Austrian - Turquie (1720/1830).
TURK : Turkey.
TURKIYE : Turkey.
TURKIYE COCUK ESIRGEME KORUMU : Turkey - Postal tax stamps.
TURKIYE CUMHURIYETI : Turkey.
TURKIYE CUMHURIYETI POSTALARI : Turkey.
TURK POSTALARI : Turkey.
TUVALU : (overprint on stamps of Gilbert & Ellice Islands) Tuvalu (1976).
T.V. : Swiss - Transit Vaudois.
t.v. : Venetian - Tassa Vertificata (1821).
TWO PENCZ : (under an enthroned queen) Victoria (1852/1854).
T.Z. : Swiss - Transit Zurichois.

                                                U
U. : German - Ungarn (= Hungary).
U. : Italian - Udine.
UAE : (overprint on stamps of Abu Dhabi) United Arab Emirates (1972).
UAPCTBO : Bulgaria (1937/1944).
U.A.R. : United Arab Republic.
U.A.R. : (denominations in m and f) Egypt (1958/1971).
U.A.R. : (denominations in p) Syria (1958/1961).
UCAK POSTALARI : Turkey - Airmails.
U.D.P. : Italian - Ufficio Della Posta.
U.E. : Italian - (in triangle with rounded corners) Ufficio Esten (1790/1810).
U.F. : Italian - Ufficio Francese (= French Post Office) (1810).
U.G. : Uganda - Typewritten stamps (1895).
UGANDA : (overprint on stamps of British East Africa) Uganda (1902).
UGANDA with EAST AFRICA : Kenya, Uganda & Tanzania.
UGANDA with KENYA : Kenya, Uganda & Tanzania.
UGANDA KENYA TANGANYIKA : Kenya, Uganda & Tanzania.
U.H. : (overprint on stamps of Ecuador) Postal tax late fee.
UHURU 1963 : Zanzibar.
UHURU 9th DEC. 1961 : Tanganyika.
UKRAINE : (overprint on stamps of Germany) Russia - German occupation (1941/1943).
UKRAINSKA NARODNA REPUBLICA : Ukraine (Ukrainian People's Republic).
U.K.T.T. : (overprint on stamps of Nigeria) Cameroons - Southern Cameroons (1960/1961).
UKU LETA : Hawaii (= Paid Letter).
ULTRAMAR : (with a year date) Cuba (1873/1876), Puerto Rico (1867/1876) (= Beyond the
Sea).
ULTRAMAR : (with a year date, denominations in Avos) Macao (1911) (= Beyond the Sea).
ULTRAMAR : (with a year date, denominations in Reis) Portuguese Guinea - War tax stamps
(1919) (= Beyond the Sea).
UNEF : (overprint on stamps of India) India - Military stamps (1965).
UNESCO : (France - UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Org. - Officials (1961/1971).
UN FORCE (INDIA) CONGO : (overprint on stamps of Congo) India - Military stamps
(1962).
UN FORCE W. IRIAN : (overprint on stamps of Pakistan) Military stamps (1963).
UNIAO DOS ATIRADORES CIVIS PORTO FRANCO : Portugal - Rifle club franchise
stamps (= Union of Civilian Riflemen Free Stamp).
UNIE VAN ZUID AFRIKA : South Africa.
UNION FRANCAISE : Laos.
UNION INTERNATIONALE DES TELECOMMUNICATIONS : Switzerland - Int.
Telecommunications Union - Officials.
UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA : South Africa.
UNION PANAMERICANO 1890-1926 CORREO AEREO : (overprint on stamps of
Guatemala) Air mails.
UNION POSTALE DEL SALVADOR : El Salvador.
UNION POSTALE UNIVERSELLE with HELVETIA : Switzerland - UPU Int. Bureau -
Officials (1957/1960).
UNITED NATIONS : United Nations Organization - New-York.
UNITED REPUBLIC OF TAHCAHYIKAB ZANZIBAR : Tanzania.
UNITED STATES CITY DISPATCH POST : U.S. Courier stamps - New York City.
UNTEA : (overprint on stamps of Netherlands New Guinea) West Irian (1962) (= United
Nations Temporary Executive Authority).
UOPTO CKPNCOPN : Romania - Moldavia (1858).
U.P.A.E. ADHESION VICTIMAS SAN JUAN Y PUEBLO ARGENTINO : Paraguay -
Semipostals (For Earthquake Victims of San Juan and the Argentine People).
UPHA ГOPA : Montenegro - Italian occupation (1941/1943).
U.P.U. : International - Universal Postal Union (1875).
URGENCIA : Spain - Special delivery.
URGENTE : Spain and Ifni - Special delivery.
U.R.I. : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Yugoslavia - Unofficial semipostals (1923).
URUNDI : (overprint on stamps of Congo) German East Africa - Belgian occupation (1916).
U.S. : United States of America.
U.S.A. : United States of America.
U.S.I.R. : (overprint on stamps of United States) Internal Revenue.
USKUB : (overprint on stamps of Turkey) Turkey (1911).
U.S. Pkt : British - (in red or black) on letters carried by U.S. Packets passing through London to
the Continent (1850).
U.S.P.S. : United States Postage Stamps or Postal Service.
U.S.T.C. : (overprint on stamps of India - Cochin) United States of Travancore - Cochin (1949).


                                              V
V. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Belgian - Vilvorde.
V. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Sunday frank of Vere St. (London) (1836).
V. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Surmounted by fleur-de-lys : Valenciennes (1715).
V. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Spanish - With small A inside : Valence(1798).
V. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Venetian - Fancy capital surrounded by Lettere da Mare : Venezia
(Venice) (1794).
V. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Venetian - In double circle : Vicenza.
V. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) (Volunteers).
Va RICA : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Paraguayan - Villa Rica.
V.A. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) (Valuator).
VALE : (overprint on stamps of Nicaragua) Value.
VALE UN CENTAVO R. de C. : (overprint on stamps of Nicaragua) Postal tax stamps.
VALEUR D'ECHANGE : (oveprint on stamps of Ivory Coast and French Guinea) Literally
value of exchange (monetary use)(1925).
VALEUR DECLAREE : French language countries - Insured parcel label (Value Declared).
VALEUR DECLAREE : Canada - Insured parcel label (Value Declared).
VALEVOLO PER LE STAMP : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Newspaper parcel post stamps -
Tolerated on letters (Available for Printed Matter).
VALLE BORMIDA : Italy - Locals.
VALLES D'ANDORRE : Andorra (1932/1943).
VALMY : (overprint on stamps of Cameroons) Semipostals.
VALONA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Italy - Offices in Turkey - Valona (1909/1916).
VALOR DECLARADO : Spanish language countries - Insured parcel post labels.
VALORE GLOBALE : (overprint on stamps of Fiume) Making valid for regular use.
VALPARAISO MULTADA : Chile - Postage dues.
VAN DIEMEN SLAND : Tasmania (1853/1869).
VANCOUVER ISLAND : British Columbia and Vancouver Island (1865).
VATHY : (overprint on stamps of France) France - Offices in Turkey - Vathy (1894/1900).
VATICANA : Vatican City.
VATICANE : Vatican City.
VB v. RH : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Swiss - Verwaltungs - Büro vom Rheintal.
V.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Control mark of Erfurt (1817).
V.D.L. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Australian - Van Dieman's Land (old name of Tasmania).
V.D.M.P. TOULON : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Voie De Mer Par Toulon (Sea route
via Toulon)(1797).
V.D.P. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Post Office.
VENEZA : Venezuela (1865/1876).
VENEZIA GUILIA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Austria - Italian occupation (1918).
VENEZIA TRIDENTINA : (overprint on stamps of Italy) Austria - Italian occupation (1918).
VENEZOLANA : Venezuela (1863/1865).
VEREINTE NATIONEN : United Nations Organization - Vienna.
V.E.U. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Voie des Etats-Unis (Via U.S.A.) (1869).
V.G. : Venezia Giulia.
V.I. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Vancouver Island.
VIA AEREA : Italian language countries (By Air).
VICTORIA and V : Cuba - Postal tax stamps.
VICTORIA DE TORREON ABRIL 2 1914 : (overprint on stamps of Mexico) (1914) Victory
of Torreon.
VIET-NAM BUU CHINH : Vietnam (1951/1956).
VIET-NAM CONG-HOA : South Vietnam (1956/1975).
VIET NAM DAN CHU CONG HOA : North Vietnam.
VIRUMAA : Estonia - Virumaa region - Bogus issues.
VIVA ESPANA : (overprint on stamps of Spain) Spain (1936/1937).
VIVA ESPANA : (overprint on revenue stamps of Canary Islands) Canary Islands (1936/1937).
V.L.A. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Vapore Lloyd Austriaco (1859/1867).
V.N. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868-74) (Vaccination).
V.O.C. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Monogram type : Verenigde Oostend Compagnie
(1789/1805).
VOJENSKA POSTA : Czechoslovakia - Army Post in Siberia.
VOJENSKO NA RUSI : Czechoslovakia - Army Post in Siberia.
VOJNA UPRAYA JUGOSLAVENSKE ARMIJE : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia)
Yugoslavia - Istria and Slovene Coast (1947).
VOLKSDIENST : Netherlands - Semipostals.
VOLKSSTAAT BAYERN : German States - Bavaria - Officials (People's State of Bavaria).
VOLKSSTAAT WURTTEMBERG : German States - Wurttemberg - Officials (People's State
of Wurttemberg).
VOM EMPFANGER EINZUZIEHEN : Bavaria Postage dues (From Receiver to be
Collected).
VOM EMPFANGER ZAHLBAR : Bavaria - Postage dues (From Receiver to be Paid).
VOOR HET KIND : Netherlands - Semipostals (For the Children).
VOOR HET NATIONAL STEUNFONDS : Surinam - semipostals.
V.P.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Voie Paquebots de la Méditerranée (1851).
V.P.M. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Via Particolare Marittima (probably struck at
Leghorn) (1851/1856).
V.R. : (overprint on stamps of Fiji) Fiji (1874/1877).
V.R. SPECIAL POST : (overprint on stamps of Transvaal) Cape of Good Hope - Vryburg -
British occupation (1900).
V.R. TRANSVAAL : (overprint on stamps of South Africa) Transvaal.
V.R. with TRANSVAAL : (overprint on stamps of Transvaal) Transvaal (1877/1879).
V.R.I. : (overprint on stamps of Orange Free State) Orange River Colony - British occupation
(Victoria Regina Imperatriz).
VthS : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Votre très humble Serviteur (of forwarding agents) -
Geneva ?
VUJA S.T.T. : Yugoslavia - Zone B - Trieste.
VUJNA S.T.T. : (overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia) Yugoslavia - Zone B - Trieste.
VV : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - (Interlaced) Probably Vu et Vérifie (on franked
letters)(1806).

                                            W
W. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - London General Post (1794/1803).
W. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Waddingsveen (1811/1850).
W. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) French - Grande Poste (1806).
W. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Polish - (in 17 mm. c. surmounted by crown) Warsaw
(1778/1787).
W. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Polish - (in 19 mm. c. surmounted by crown) Warsaw
(1783/1787)
W. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Polish - (surmounted by crown) Warsaw (1787/1793).
W. : (overprint on stamps of South Australia) Officials (1868/1874) Waterworks.
W.A.B. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Austrian - (in red) Wien Abzugs Brief (=indicating
additional fee to be paid on delivery) (1840/1843).
WADHWAN STATE : India - Wadhwan (1888/1889).
WALLIS ET FUTUNA : (overprint on stamps of New Caledonia) Wallis & Futuna Islands
(1920/1940).
WAR : (overprint on stamps of British Honduras) War tax stamps.
WAR CHARITY 3.6.18 : (overprint on stamps of Bahamas) Semipostals.
WAR DEPT. : U.S.A. - Officials.
WAR STAMPS : (overprint on stamps of various British colonies) War tax stamps.
WAR TAX : (overprint on stamps of various British colonies) War tax stamps.
WARSZAWA : Poland (1918).
W AUSTRALIA : Western Australia.
Weihnachten : (overprint on stamps of Rhodes) - Christmas (5c definitive) (1944).
WEIHNACHTEN : (overprint on stamps of Rhodes) Italy - Aegean Islands - unofficial German
overprint (1944).
WENDEN : Russia - Livonia - Wenden (1862/1884).
WENDEN KRIESES : Russia - Livonia - District of Wenden.
WENDENSCHEN : Russia - Livonia - Wenden (1862/1884).
WERTAUGABE : German language countries - Insured parcel label.
WEST IRIAN : West New Guinea.
WESTERN SAMOA : Samoa (1935/1955).
W.FR. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - (followed by numeral) Weiter Franco - Meaning
paid to part destination - Figure indicates balance due on delivery. On letters from Russia,
Poland, Germany) (1852/1875).
W.H.W. : (overprint on stamps of Danzig) Semipostals.
W.I. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - Surmounted by UYT - West Indien (Helle-voetsluis)
(1792).
WINTERHILF : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Semipostals.
WINTERHULP : Netherlands - Semipostals.
WIR SIND FREI : (overprint on stamps of Czechoslovakia) Czechoslovakia - German
occupation (unofficial) (1938).
WITWEN UND WAISEN-WOCHE : (overprint on stamps of Bosnia) Semipostals - Widows
and Orphans.
W.K. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Prussian - Wermels Kirchen and also Wetzler
Kammergericht.T.T.
W.O. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Westminster P.O. (London) (1794/1796).
WOLMAR-RONNEBERG : Latvia - Wolmar district - Bogus issue (1918).
W.R. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Willesden Ride (London)(1830).
WURTTEMBERG : (with denominations in PF or M) Germany - Wurttemberg - French
occupation (1947/1949).
WURTTEMBERG : (with denominations in KREUZER or FREIMARKE) German States -
Wurttemberg.

                                            X
XAPTOEHMON : Greece - Tax stamps (1917).
XAPTOÓHMON : (overprint on stamps of Greece) Postal tax stamps.
XEAEPA : Montenegro (1902/1905).
XEIMAPPA : Epirus (questionable issue).
XEJEPA : Montenegro (1902/1905).
XII CAMPIONARIA TRIPOLI : Libya (1938).
XXXX. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Italian - Town stamp of MILAN (1788).

                                              Y
Y : (overprint on stamps of Spanish Havana) - Ynterior (misspelling of Interior) use in Cuba and
Puerto Rico (1857).
YAR : Yemen Arab Republic (1963/present).
YCA : (overprint on stamps of Peru - Yca - Chilean) Peru - Yca - Chilean occupation (1884).
YCA VAPOR : (overprint on stamps of Peru - Yca - Chilean) Peru - Yca - Chilean occupation
(1884).
Y.C.C.P. : Ukraine.
Y.C.P.P. : Ukraine - Semipostals (1923).
YCTAB : Montenegro (1905).
YEMEN PDR : Yemen People's Democratic Republic.
Y.M.O.S. : (pre-adhesive handstamp) British - Your Most Obedient Servants (in forwarding
agents cachet) (1832).
YKPAIHCbKA P.O.П.Й.T. : Ukraine.
YKP. H.P. : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Western Ukraine.
YKP. H. PEП : (overprint on stamps of Austria) Western Ukraine.
YKSI MARKKA : Finland (1866/1874).
YUNNAN FOU : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China - Yunnan Fou
(1906/1919).
YUNNAN SEN : (overprint on stamps of Indo-China) France - Offices in China - Yunnan Fou
(1903/1905).


                                              Z
Z : (overprint in monogram on stamps of Russia) Armenia.
Z : (pre-adhesive handstamp) ZEELAND - Dutch.
Z : (pre-adhesive handstamp) German - Zug.
Z. AFR. REPUBLIEK : Transvaal.
Z.A.R. : (overprint) Cape of Good Hope - British occuaption of Vryburg (1899) Zuid
Africaansche Republiek (South African Republic).
Z.M. : (overprint on stamps of Mexico - Zacatecas) Mexico - Zacatecas provisionals.
Za : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Spanish - Saragossa.
ZA GRUENI KRST : Yugoslavia - Postal tax stamps.
ZA RDECI KRST : Yugoslavia - Postal tax stamps.
ZAIRE : Congo (1971/present).
ZANZIBAR : (overprint on stamps of British East Africa) Zanzibar (1895 june).
ZANZIBAR : (overprint on stamps of France) Offices in Zanzibar (1894/1900).
ZANZIBAR : (overprint on stamps of India) Zanzibar (1895/1896).
ZANZIBAR with TANZANIA : Zanzibar (1965/1968).
ZEGELREGT : Transvaal (1895).
ZEITUNGS MARKE : Austria - Newspaper stamps.
ZEITUNGS MARKE DEUTESCHES REICH : Germany - Newspaper stamps.
ZEITUNGS STAEMPLE : Austria - Newspaper stamps.
ZEITUNGS STAMPLE : Austria - Newspaper stamps.
ZEITUNGS STEMPLE : Austria - Newspaper stamps.
ZELAYA : Nicaragua - Zelaya (1904/1911).
ZELAYA : (overprint) Nicaragua - Zelaya (1904/1911).
ZENTRALER KURIERDIENST : Germany - German Democratic Republic - Officials
(1956/1957).
ZEPPELIN 1930 : (overprint on stamps of Iceland and Finland) airmails.
ZEPPELIN POST : Liechtenstein - Airmails.
ZOMERZEGEL : Netherlands - Semipostals.
ZONA DE OCCUPATIE P.T.T. 1919 ROMANA : (overprint on stamps of Hungary-
Romanian) Hungary - Romanian occupation (1919).
ZONA DE PROTECTORADO ESPANOL EN MARRUECOS : (overprint on stamps of
Spain) Spanish Morocco (1916/1925).
ZONE FRANCAISE BRIEFPOST : Germany - French occupation (1945/1946).
ZRACNA POSTA : Yugoslavia - Zone B - Trieste.
ZUID AFRIKAANSCHE REPUBLIEK : Transvaal.
ZUIDWEST AFRICA : South West Africa.
ZUIDWEST AFRICA : (overprint on stamps of South Africa) South West Africa (1923/1925).
ZULASSUNGSMARKE DEUTCHER FELDPOST : Germany - Fieldpost permit stamps for
military parcels (1942).
ZULULAND : (overprint on stamps of Great Britain) Zululand (1888/1894).
ZULULAND : (overprint on stamps of Natal) Zululand (1888/1894).
ZURICH : Switzerland - Zurich (1843/1846).
ZURINO : (overprint on stamps of Hungary) Newspaper stamps used by Croatians for special
delivery letters (Quick).
ZZEE : (pre-adhesive handstamp) Dutch - ZIERIKZEE.

                                      Varied

                        Japan - Nippon.

                        Israel.

                        Yugoslavia.

                        Algeria.

                        Egypt.
                        Bulgaria.
ПAPA : Serbia.
ПOЩTA : Serbia.
ПOШTa YkpaïHN : Ukraine.
ПOШTA УKPAÏHИ : Ukraine.
ЦPHA ГOPA : Montenegro.

				
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