Master Plan Adelaide Airport

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					Master Plan
Adelaide Airport
Volume 3: Sustainability Plan
[Airport Environment Strategy]

December 2009
Table of Contents

10.0 INTRODUCTION                                    115        20.4 Hazardous Substance Management               143
     10.1 Commitment to Environmental Sustainability 115        20.5 Objectives                                   143
     10.2 Purpose of the Plan                        115   21.0 LAND AND HERITAGE MANAGEMENT                      145
     10.3 Legislative Requirements                   115        21.1 Overview                                     145
     10.4 Approval Process                           117        21.2 Habitat Conservation                         145
     10.5 Implementation                             117        21.3 Wildlife Management                          146
     10.6 Community Engagement and Consultation 117             21.4 Archaeology                                  146
11.0 PLAN STRUCTURE                                  119        21.5 Heritage                                     146
12.0 SUSTAINABILITY                                  121        21.6 Objectives                                   147
     12.1 Overview                                   121   22.0 LOCAL AIR QUALITY                                 149
     12.2 Management Plan                            121        22.1 Overview                                     149
13.0 MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK                            123        22.2 Objectives                                   149
     13.1 Overview                                   123
     13.2 Sustainability Policy                      123
     13.3 Objectives, Goals and Management Actions 123
     13.4 Management System                          123   Appendix B 2004 Environment Strategy Past
     13.5 Legal Requirements                         124              Achievements (2004-2009)
           13.5.1 Structure and Responsibility       124   Appendix C Sites of Environmental Signicance
     13.6 Airport Environment Ofcer                 124   Appendix D Building Ownership and Tenancy
           13.6.1 Airport Occupiers and Operators 124      Appendix E Recycled Water Supply Points
     13.7 Environmental Monitoring                   126   Appendix F Stormwater Catchments
     13.8 Site Environment Register                  126
     13.9 Sites of Environmental Signicance         126   LIST OF TABLES
     13.10 Management Plan                           126
                                                           Table 12.1 AAL Approach to Sustainable Performance
14.0 CLIMATE CHANGE                                  129
                                                           Table 13.1 HSEMS Structure
     14.1 Overview                                   129
                                                           Table 13.2 Structure and Responsibilities for Implementation
     14.2 Objectives                                 129
                                                                      of the Sustainability Plan
15.0 ENERGY                                          131
                                                           Table 13.3 Environmental Monitoring Overview
     15.1 Overview                                   131
                                                           Table 13.4 AAL Approach to Continuous EMS Improvement
     15.2 Objectives                                 131
                                                           Table 14.1 AAL Approach to Managing Climate Change
16.0 WATER RESOURCES                                 133
                                                           Table 15.1 AAL Approach to Managing Energy Resources
     16.1 Overview                                   133
                                                           Table 16.1 AAL Approach to Managing Water Resources
     16.2 Objectives                                 133
                                                           Table 17.1 AAL Approach to Managing Noise
17.0 NOISE                                           135
                                                           Table 18.1 AAL Approach to Managing Waste
     17.1 Overview                                   135
                                                           Table 19.1 AAL Approach to Managing Stormwater
     17.2 Objectives                                 135
                                                           Table 20.1 AAL Approach to Managing Soil and
18.0 WASTE                                           137              Groundwater
     18.1 Overview                                   137   Table 21.1 AAL Approach to Managing Wildlife and
     18.2 Objectives                                 137              Heritage Issues
19.0 STORMWATER                                      139   Table 22.1 AAL Approach to Managing Air Quality
     19.1 Overview                                   139
     19.2 Objectives                                 140
20.0 SOIL AND GROUNDWATER                            141
                                                           LIST OF FIGURES
     20.1 Overview                                   141   Figure 10.1 AAL Sustainability Policy
     20.2 Soil                                       141
     20.3 Groundwater                                142

Chapter 10

10.1      COMMITMENT TO                                 sublet sections of airport land and/or building
          ENVIRONMENTAL                                 space from AAL are directly responsible for their
                                                        organisation’s environmental performance, including
                                                        their sub-lessees, contractors and sub-contractors.
The AAL Sustainability Policy provides the foundation
for the Master Plan (MP) that comprises ve
integrated volumes, namely an Airport Master Plan,      10.2 PURPOSE OF THE PLAN
Surface Access Plan, Community Plan, Sustainability     AAL’s Sustainability Policy forms the foundation
Plan and Appendices. This plan is provided to           of the Sustainability Plan which in turn will be
comply with Sections 121 and 122 of the Airports        implemented through the Sustainability Program.
Act 1996 (the Act) namely the provision of an           The purpose of this Sustainability Plan is to:
Airport Environment Strategy every ve years.           ∙    ensure all identied environmental sustainability
                                                             risks are appropriately managed;
As described in the Sustainability Policy, AAL’s        ∙    facilitate AAL’s objective of remaining an
corporate vision and ongoing success is founded              industry leader in airport environmental
on building and maintaining the three pillars                management;
of responsible business practice – sustainable
                                                        ∙    ensure continuous improvement of the airport
nancial, environmental and social management.
                                                             environment; and
To ensure that our business thrives and is managed
                                                        ∙    build upon the achievements of the 2004
today in a manner that promises to meet the needs
                                                             Airport Environment Strategy.
of future generations, AAL must respond positively
to today’s local and global nancial, environmental
                                                        The Sustainability Policy is provided in Figure 10.1.
and social challenges.

How AAL plans to address these challenges is            10.3 LEGISLATIVE REQUIREMENTS
described throughout the four volumes of the
MP. The central focus of this Sustainability Plan is    Under the Airports Act 1996 (the Act) , and with
environmental management in which AAL sets out          further reference to the Airports (Environment
the long-term objectives and medium-term goals to       Protection) Regulations 1997 (the Regulations),
minimise the company’s footprint, or impact, on         AAL must develop and implement a plan which
the earth in balance with the other two                 comprehensively sets out how AAL will maintain or
sustainability pillars.                                 improve environmental quality.

Whilst AAL has a legislated and moral responsibility    The Act establishes an environmental management
to effectively manage broad environmental issues        regime that focuses on a cooperative approach,
across Adelaide Airport, airport occupiers that         supporting and ensuring compliance with

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Master Plan Adelaide Airport                  Volume 3 Sustainability Plan

      Figure 10.1 AAL Sustainability Policy

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                               Master Plan Adelaide Airport                                        Volume 3 Sustainability Plan

environmental standards at federally-leased                   DITRDLG has appointed an Airport Environment
airports. Part 6 of the Act specically covers                Ofcer to regulate the administration of
environmental management requirements, detailed               environmental legislation on the airport.
in the Regulations.
                                                              In addition, an Annual Environment Report is
Under Section 116 of the Act, the Sustainability              submitted to DITRLDG detailing AAL’s progress with
Plan (Airport Environment Strategy) must include:             plan commitments.
∙   environmental management objectives for the
    airport;                                                  Implementation of the 2004 Airport Environment
∙   identication of the current environmental                Strategy for Adelaide Airport resulted in numerous
    status of the airport including identication of          achievements, reported each year to DITRDLG. A
    environmentally signicant areas;                         complete list of these achievements is provided in
∙   identication of sources of environmental impact          Appendix B.
    associated with airport operations;
∙   an outline of the proposed studies, reviews               10.6      COMMUNITY
    and monitoring of current and future activities
    and a timeframe for these studies to be                             ENGAGEMENT AND
    conducted;proposed measures to prevent,                             CONSULTATION
    control or reduce environmental impacts                   Adelaide Airport is located within the Cities of
    associated with airport operations and the                West Torrens and Charles Sturt and surrounded
    timeframe for their completion; and
                                                              by residential, recreational and industrial zones.
∙   details of consultation on the preparation of
                                                              AAL has continued to communicate and share
    the plan with stakeholders including federal,
    state and local government bodies, the airline            environmental information with the community and
    industry, businesses and the community.                   key stakeholders through various forums including
                                                              the Adelaide Airport Consultative Committee,
Under the Regulations, the plan must include:                 Tenant Environment Group, newsletters and the AAL
∙  sites identied to be of indigenous signicance            website.
   after consultation with relevant indigenous
   communities and organisations and                          Prior to the development of the MP, a stakeholder
   Commonwealth or State bodies;                              consultation program was developed and
∙  proposed environmental management for areas                implemented which invited comments on the
   of the airport which are not used, or planned              concerns of industry partners, tenants, government,
   to be used, for airport operations or aviation-            staff and the broader community.
   related development; and
∙  proposed environmental management training                 The early involvement of interest groups at both
   for employees.
                                                              a strategic and operational level ensured that
                                                              interested parties were provided with the opportunity
10.4      APPROVAL PROCESS                                    to advise and inuence the development of this
The content and key objectives of this Sustainability         MP, prior to formal presentation to the public as
Plan have been prepared in parallel with the Airport          prescribed by the legislation. Responses received
Master Plan, Surface Access Plan and Community                from interested groups and individuals during
Plan by AAL and in consultation with regulatory               the consultative process have been collated and
authorities and numerous stakeholders in the lead up          incorporated into the plan to reect the relevant
to its drafting in 2009.                                      environmental issues.
                                                              The consultation process targeted key stakeholders
The Final Master Plan, once approved by the                   and the public and both have played an equally
Federal Minister for DITRDLG, will remain in force
                                                              important role in the development of this MP. Land
for ve years (in accordance with Sections 77 and
                                                              use precinct planning concept drawings, supported
122 of the Act) or until replaced by a new plan.
                                                              by environmental sustainability goals and objectives
                                                              were developed to promote discussion with the
10.5      IMPLEMENTATION                                      government agencies, and newsletters and media
AAL and other airport operators and occupiers                 releases were distributed to promote community
(including tenants) must take all reasonable steps to         discussion.
ensure that the Sustainability Plan is complied with.
Airport occupiers are also required to assist with            A detailed Community Plan including a section on
and contribute to the development and periodic                consultation is provided as Volume 4 of the MP.
review of the Sustainability Plan, as AAL is obliged
to make them aware of the requirements therein.

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Chapter 11
Plan Structure

The structure given to each of the following sections   ∙   Land and Heritage Management
of this Sustainability Plan is outlined below. For      ∙   Local Air Quality.
the rst time, AAL will present a 20-year outlook to
match that required under the Act in Volume 1 of        These objectives provide the focus for AAL’s
the Master Plan. This allows more transparency for      Sustainability Program over the next 20 years in
stakeholders and better continuity between each         alignment with our company vision and Sustainability
5-year plan.                                            Policy. Specic prioritised goals are given for the
                                                        coming 5-year Master Plan period supported by
Long-term objectives and management plans are           those management actions identied by AAL as
given for the following environmental sustainability    required for meeting them.
areas being actively managed by AAL:
∙   Sustainability Performance                          The stakeholder(s) responsible for each management
∙   Climate Change                                      action, and the timeframe for their anticipated
∙   Energy                                              completion, is provided to offer a robust framework
∙   Water Resources                                     for implementing our Sustainability Program.
∙   Noise                                               Additional detail is provided by allocating short term
∙   Waste                                               (1-3 years) and medium term (4 - 5 year) timeframes
∙   Stormwater                                          for completing discrete and commencing on-going
∙   Soil and Groundwater                                management actions.

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Chapter 12

12.1 OVERVIEW                                          Commercial buildings generate employment and
                                                       can make a substantial contribution to the local
Sustainable environmental management of
                                                       economy. They can also create a signicant
Adelaide Airport is a core AAL commitment and
                                                       environmental burden through water and energy
the central focus of this Sustainability Plan. The
impact that humans have on the environment can         consumption, waste generation, biodiversity loss
have local, regional or even global consequences.      and air emissions, in particular, greenhouse gases.
Excess resource consumption, waste generation,         Therefore, such developments present the greatest
degradation of biodiversity and heritage values,       opportunity for AAL to show leadership in fullling
and pollution of our land, air and waterways are all   its sustainability commitments. To this end, AAL
potential impacts of business operations that can be   will seek to establish Sustainability Performance
minimised or eliminated through conscientious care,    Targets (SPT) or benchmarks for new and existing
control and management.                                developments where possible, whilst further rening
                                                       those targets driving operations directly under
Fortunately, many of these impacts are quantiable.    AAL control. A detailed description of AAL’s
Measuring aspects of the airport environment (e.g.     development standards is provided in Section 6.7.3
stormwater quality) as well as company inputs and      of the Airport Master Plan (Volume 1).
outputs (e.g. energy consumption, waste generation)
allows AAL to exert more effective control over its
                                                       To remain at the forefront of sustainable
operations and strive to make them as efcient
                                                       environmental management AAL will continue to seek
as possible, and thereby minimise the company’s
overall environmental impact or ‘footprint’.           partnerships with leading research institutions and
                                                       engage across all levels of government and industry.
AAL will establish quantiable measures –              As both a landlord and direct consumer of products
Sustainability Performance Indicators (SPIs) – for     and services AAL is committed to inuencing tenants,
assessing the standard of future infrastructure        customers and suppliers to adopt more sustainable
developments and review and rene those already        business practices.
used to assess the efciency of current company
infrastructure, plant and operations. These SPIs       12.2 MANAGEMENT PLAN
will be based upon existing codes, standards and
voluntary rating tools such as the Building Code       AAL’s objectives for sustainable performance (by
of Australia, NABERS and Green Star. AAL will          2029) are:
develop its SPIs over time and upon consideration      ∙   to exceed national standards for sustainable
of company objectives, goals and targets, data             commercial developments for major new
requirements, methodology and resource availability.       developments, refurbishments and t-outs; and

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          ∙       to be at the forefront of the latest research                   The goals and management actions for achieving
                  ndings, applications and thinking in                           these objectives is detailed in Table 12.1.
                  environmental sustainability.

          Table 12.1 AAL Approach to Sustainable Performance
              Goal (2009-2014)                Priority   Management Action (2009-2014)                           Responsibility    Timing
              AAL assets designed,            High       ∙   Establish and measure progress in alignment         AAL               1-3
              constructed and managed to                     with SPIs
              meet targets aligned to key                ∙   Streamline data collection, analysis and            AAL               1-3
              SPIs                                           reporting processes
                                                         ∙   Incorporate sustainable development principles      AAL               1-3
                                                             into existing and new development, t-out and
                                                             construction guidelines
                                                         ∙   Set, regularly review and report publicly against   AAL/Contractors   4-5
                                                         ∙   Introduce green leases where feasible               AAL/Lessees       4-5
                                                         ∙   Incorporate SPIs into standard works contracts      AAL               4-5
              Participate actively at the     High       ∙   Partner with leading institutions in supporting     AAL/Government    1-3
              highest State and Federal                      research into ecological health, resource
              levels in environment-related                  conservation and renewable technology
              research, industry and policy              ∙   Seek competitive tertiary grant for national/       AAL/Tertiary      1-3
              development                                    international conference attendance                 Institutions
                                                         ∙   Continue to occupy key positions on industry        AAL               1-3
                                                             committees, forums and ‘think tanks’
                                                         ∙   Support the Australian Airports Association role    AAA               1-3
                                                             in national policy development
                                                         ∙   Identify external training and conference           AAL               1-3
                                                             attendance support for employees
              Embed principles of             High       ∙   Integrate sustainable development considerations    AAL               1-3
              stewardship into corporate                     within the corporate decision making process.
              processes and through the                  ∙   Encourage customers, partners and suppliers to
              supply chain                                   adopt sustainability principles and practices       Stakeholders      1-3
                                                         ∙   Promote stewardship initiatives throughout the
                                                             supply chain through preferred ‘suppliers of        Suppliers         4-5
                                                         ∙   Facilitate and encourage responsible product
                                                             design, use, reuse, recycling and disposal of       Suppliers         4-5

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Chapter 13
Management Framework

13.1 OVERVIEW                                              13.3      OBJECTIVES, GOALS AND
AAL is regulated by the Airports Act 1996 (Act)
                                                                     MANAGEMENT ACTIONS
and Airports (Environment Protection) Regulations          Objectives, goals and management actions are
1997. If a matter is not covered under federal             detailed in each section of the plan that, once
legislation then State legislation applies through the     implemented, ensure AAL meets the commitments
Commonwealth Places (Application of Laws) Act              stated in the Sustainability Policy. In setting
                                                           sustainability objectives and goals, consideration is
1970, to the extent that it does not conict with any
                                                           given to the following:
Commonwealth legislation.                                  ∙    Company Vision;
                                                           ∙    Sustainability Policy;
There are strong interrelationships between the            ∙    legal requirements;
regulations, this plan and the management system           ∙    signicant environmental risks;
in operation to implement the Sustainability Plan.         ∙    views of stakeholders and the community;
The Act, Regulations and other relevant legislation        ∙    prevention of pollution;
and standards give direction to the scope,                 ∙    broader business objectives; and
required structure, content and purpose of this            ∙    availability of resources.
Sustainability Plan.
                                                           13.4      MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
13.2 SUSTAINABILITY POLICY                                 Environmental sustainability issues are controlled
                                                           and improvements made through a detailed Health,
The Sustainability Policy issued by the AAL                Safety and Environmental Management System
Managing Director in September 2008 replaces               (HSEMS). The HSEMS – designed to be consistent
the previous Environment Policy which was last             with the Australian Standards AS/NZS/ISO
reviewed and amended in 2004. All new airport              14001 (environmental management) and AS/NZS
employees, tenants and major contractors are               4801 (occupational health and safety) – makes it
                                                           possible to identify and mitigate risks, implement
introduced to the Sustainability Policy as part of their
                                                           the overarching Sustainability Plan, and provide a
induction program and tenants received a copy of           structure for continuous improvement.
the updated Policy in the Plane Talking newsletter         The HSEMS will be activated regularly by a third
distributed in December 2008. The Sustainability           party against the requirements of ISO14001 and
Policy is also presented to AAL employees as part          the results reported to DITRDLG to provide assurance
of periodic environmental awareness training               as to the quality and rigor of AAL’s sustainability
programs. The current policy is prominently
displayed at the ofces of AAL and is also available       The key programs comprising the HSEMS are
on the AAL website (                       detailed in Table13.1.

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          Table 13.1 HSEMS Structure
          HSEMS Program            Outcomes
           Policy                  ∙   Sustainability Policy – provides foundation for the HSEMS
                                   ∙   Sustainability Plan – provides the overall direction for the Sustainability Program
           Risk Management         ∙   Register of environmental hazards (i.e. aspects), including signicant environmental hazards, risks (i.e.
                                       impacts) and controls – provides the risk management framework for the HSEMS
           Legal Review            ∙   Legal Register – provides legal framework for risk ranking of environmental hazards and underpins the
                                       Sustainability Plan
                                   ∙   Site Environment Register – maps and details all sites that have been subject to environmental review
                                       (for the purposes of building approval), monitoring, research, auditing and/or incident
           Planning and Resource   ∙   Sustainability Management Plan (SMP) – updated annually, lists the management actions to be
           Allocation                  adequately resourced and completed by AAL.
                                   ∙   Department Business, Finance and Operational Plans – updated annually, plans detailing actions at
                                       the Department level that support the implementation of the SMP and, where relevant, other HSEMS
           Monitoring              ∙   Sustainability (Environment) Operations and Monitoring Plan (SOMP) – updated annually, lists the
                                       regular risk control actions and monitoring activities to be completed by AAL and other stakeholders
                                   ∙   Workplace Inspection Schedule – details the timing of HSE inspections of AAL owned and operated
                                       areas and AAL/contractor activities
                                   ∙   Tenant Audit Schedule – details the timing of environmental audits of airport tenants
                                   ∙   Construction Inspection Schedule – details the timing of HSE inspections of both AAL and third party
                                       construction sites
                                   ∙   Topic Audit Schedule – details the timing of internal system audits to assess the performance of the
                                   ∙   Internal Audit Schedule - details timing of annual audits against requirements of ISO14001

          13.5          LEGAL REQUIREMENTS                                      responsibility has been assigned to the parties listed
                                                                                in Table 13.2.
          The Airports (Environment Protection) Regulations
          1997 outlines the major obligations with respect                      13.6         AIRPORT ENVIRONMENT
          to environmental matters on the airport, however,
          the Regulations do not apply to pollution or noise
          generated by aircraft (except ground running). The                    The Airport Environment Ofcer (AEO) is appointed
          Commonwealth regulates these matters through                          by the Secretary of DITRDLG and is authorised under
          the Air Navigation (Aircraft Engine Emissions)                        the Act to exercise powers regarding environmental
          Regulations 1997 and the Air Navigation                               issues conveyed through the legislation. The AEO
          (Aircraft Noise) Regulations 1994 respectively.                       monitors AAL’s compliance with this Master Plan
          Management of signicant ora and fauna, or                           and the Sustainability Plan (Airport Environment
          any potential future impacts of environmental                         Strategy), and the Airports (Environment Protection)
          signicance is regulated through the Environment                      Regulations 1997 while DITRDLG maintains
          Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.                    overall responsibility for enforcement of the Act
                                                                                and Regulations. AAL activities are monitored
          Where the Regulations are silent, State law applies.                  and compliance communicated through regular
          This is the case for such matters as:                                 meetings, site inspections, monitoring and reporting.
          ∙    pollution from motor vehicles;
                                                                                In addition to this, the AEO provides advice to the
          ∙    occupational health and safety;
                                                                                Airport Building Controller in the assessment of all
          ∙    emission of ozone depleting substances;
                                                                                Building Applications.
          ∙    storage and handling of dangerous goods;
          ∙    irrigation management planning for use of
               recycled water;
                                                                                13.6.1 Airport Occupiers and
          ∙    aquifer storage and recovery;                                           Operators
          ∙    transport and disposal of waste; and                             The airport hosts a wide variety of occupiers
          ∙    use of herbicides.                                               (tenants). Tenant activities include airline services,
          In addition, various industry codes of practice,                      aircraft maintenance and avionics facilities,
          Australian Standards and other guidelines are                         helicopter facilities, private charters, retail,
          applicable to operators at the airport.                               warehousing, and car rental facilities. Airport
                                                                                operators (taxi drivers, aircraft operators and
          13.5.1 Structure and Responsibility                                   contractors) and other parties use the airport
          To ensure the successful implementation and                           regularly as part of their business operations.
          operation of the HSEMS and this Sustainability Plan,                  An array of contractors operate on the airport

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                                 Master Plan Adelaide Airport                                                  Volume 3 Sustainability Plan

Table 13.2 Structure and Responsibilities for Implementation of the Sustainability Plan
 Party                   Responsibilities
 Board of Directors      ∙   The environmental performance of AAL
 (including Managing     ∙   Periodic review of the AAL Sustainability Policy
 Director)               ∙   Allocation of resources to manage environmental sustainability issues
 Health, Safety and      ∙   Providing guidance on implementation of the HSEMS
 Environment Committee   ∙   Review of signicant incidents
                         ∙   Review of company-wide environmental risks and performance
                         ∙   Assistance in implementation of the Sustainability Plan
 General Manager         ∙   Ensuring roles/responsibilities for environmental sustainability management are dened and
 Corporate Affairs           communicated
                         ∙   Implementing communication plans
 General Manager         ∙   Incorporating regulatory and other environmental conditions within leases and other property
 Property Development        contracts
 Environment Manager     ∙   Preparing the Sustainability Plan and monitoring its implementation
                         ∙   Monitoring implementation of company HSE Management Plans and Programs
                         ∙   Ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements
                         ∙   Preparation of the Annual Environmental Report
                         ∙   Providing advice and specic training to staff and contractors
                         ∙   Assisting staff with environmental compliance
 Managers                ∙   Management of daily environmental sustainability issues associated with their department’s
                         ∙   Review of department HSE Management Plans
                         ∙   Ensuring that operations comply with applicable legislation
                         ∙   Identication of staff training needs
                         ∙   Integration of environmental requirements into daily operations
                         ∙   Staff environmental awareness
 Staff                   ∙   Reporting environmental hazards, incidents, and complaints
                         ∙   Adhering to relevant HSEMS Procedures
                         ∙   Undertaking work in compliance with applicable environmental legislation
                         ∙   Participation in training sessions
 Contractors             ∙   Reporting environmental hazards, incidents, and complaints
                         ∙   Adhering to relevant HSEMS Procedures
                         ∙   Undertaking work in compliance with applicable environmental legislation
                         ∙   Participation in induction sessions
                         ∙   Reporting HSE data and information to AAL

participating in larger-scale construction projects as            The category that a tenant is assigned determines
well as conducting routine maintenance.                           the level of environmental responsibility. Category
                                                                  1 and 2 tenants must implement an EMP and are
These stakeholders are the key to environmental                   audited annually against regulatory requirements
compliance and performance at the airport.                        and their own EMP. This process requires them to
AAL promotes environmental obligations and                        review their environmental risks regularly and set
best practice opportunities through negotiation,                  improvement actions as appropriate.
co-operation, education and where necessary,
enforcement. Tenant and contractor activities                     Category 3 and 4 tenants are those with less
pose a degree of risk to the environment and are                  signicant potential to impact upon the environment,
therefore managed through the development and                     and are required to carry out their operations in
implementation of Environmental Management Plans                  accordance with industry best practice and in
(EMPs).                                                           accordance with regulatory requirements and the
                                                                  Sustainability Plan. Category 3 operators are
All new and current tenants are assigned an                       considered to only have the potential to cause
environmental risk ranking (Category 1, 2, 3 or 4)                environmental nuisance and are audited every three
based on the potential of their core business                     years, as required, or when their work activities
activities to cause harm as dened in the Act.                    change requiring re-categorisation. Category 4
Category 1 tenants (e.g. major airline carriers) have             tenants perform activities that are considered to
the greatest potential for environmental impact, or               pose a negligible risk to the environment and
causing serious environmental harm mainly through                 are only audited as required.
the nature and size of their operations. Category
2 tenants have the potential to cause material                    Large construction projects are subject to
environmental harm.                                               environmental audits by AAL staff. Contractors
                                                                  directly engaged by AAL for maintenance and

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          minor capital works are included in the HSEMS                  13.9          SITES OF ENVIRONMENTAL
          Workplace Inspection Schedule to be assessed for                           SIGNIFICANCE
          compliance with environmental standards.
                                                                         Throughout the 5-year period of the 2004
          To date there have been no airport operators and               Environment Strategy AAL has kept the Environmental
          occupiers found guilty of an offence under the                 Site Register for environmentally signicant areas
          Airports (Environment Protection) Regulations 1997.            up to date. Through research, monitoring and
          AAL has developed a positive and open relationship             consultation with Commonwealth, State and local
          with its occupiers. This ensures that parties can work         bodies, AAL has identied two areas that contain:
          together and AAL can assist tenants to improve
                                                                         ∙    signicant vegetation communities and isolated
          environmental performance.
          13.7          ENVIRONMENTAL                                    ∙    signicant habitat for fauna; and
                                                                         ∙    conservation value.
          AAL operates a broad monitoring program that                   These sites – Patawalonga Creek Conservation
          collects data across those areas listed in Table 13.3.         Zone and the Tapleys Conservation Zone – are
                                                                         discussed further in Section 21 – Land and Heritage
          13.8          SITE ENVIRONMENT                                 Management and delineated on an aerial photo in
                        REGISTER                                         Appendix C.
          In accordance with the Airports (Environment
          Protection) Regulations 1997 an Environment                    13.10 MANAGEMENT PLAN
          Site Register is maintained for Adelaide Airport.
          The register identies (by assigning a unique site             The objective for AAL (by 2029) is to be a leader in
          number) the location of every site around the airport          environmental sustainability management. The goals
          that has been subject to environmental monitoring,             and management actions for achieving this are
          assessment, auditing, incident investigation and/or            detailed in Table 13.4.
          has been given Environmental Signicance status.
          The features of each site, including its contamination
          status, are detailed in the register and the site
          location drawn onto an aerial map using GIS

          Table 13.3 Environmental Monitoring Overview
          Issue                             Program Overview                                        Frequency
           Climate Change/Energy             Carbon footprint                                       Annually
                                             Electricity, gas and fuel consumption                  Quarterly
           Water Resources                   Water consumption                                      Quarterly
           Noise                             General ground-based noise                             Annually and as required
                                             Construction noise                                     As required
           Waste                             Waste quantity and composition                         As required
                                             Asbestos volumes                                       Annually
           Stormwater                        Stormwater quality                                     Annually/Seasonal
                                             Stormwater ows                                        As required
           Soil and Groundwater              Soil and groundwater quality                           Annually and as required
                                             Background groundwater quality                         Annually/Seasonal
           Land and Heritage Management      Flora surveys (Patawalonga Creek Conservation          Annually
                                             Fauna surveys (Patawalonga Creek Conservation          As required
                                             Flora and fauna surveys (other areas)                  As required
                                             Bird census                                            Weekly
                                             Arboreal assessments                                   As required
                                             Archaeological surveys                                 As required
                                             Heritage surveys                                       As required
           Local Air Quality                 SA EPA air quality data analysis (Netley Monitoring    Annually
                                             On-site air quality                                    As required
                                             Stack monitoring                                       As required
                                             Ozone depleting substances audit                       Annually

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                                    Master Plan Adelaide Airport                                                      Volume 3 Sustainability Plan

Table 13.4 AAL Approach to Continuous EMS Improvement
Goal (2009-2014)                 Priority    Management Action (2009-2014)                           Responsibility          Timing
 Improve the effectiveness and   High         ∙   Establish more detailed risk assessment            AAL                     1-3
 efciency of our HSEMS whilst                    process aligned with corporate risk procedures
 meeting the requirements of                  ∙   Utilise corporate software tools to better
 AS/NZS/ISO 14001:2004                            track the performance of our HSEMS and             AAL                     1-3
                                                  associated plans
                                              ∙   Schedule external party audits of the HSEMS        Contractor              1-3
                                                  as required
 Measure continuous              Medium       ∙   High risk (Category 1) tenants to submit           AAL/Tenants             1-3
 improvement in tenant                            annual EMP
 environmental performance                    ∙   Continue to run regular training workshops for     AAL/Tenants             1-3
                                                  tenants wishing to improve their Environmental
                                                  Management Plans (EMP)
                                              ∙   Continue to share information on and               AAL/Tenants             1-3
                                                  encourage tenant adoption of best
                                                  management practice through regular audits,
                                                  Airport Tenant Environment Group meetings,
                                                  distribution of our quarterly company
                                                  newsletter, and sponsorship of an environment
                                              ∙   Create, train and distribute a tenant self-audit   AAL/Tenants             4-5
                                                  scoring tool
 Expand the development of       Medium       ∙   Continue development of a GIS spatial data         AAL                     1-3
 applications for integrated                      and asset management system
 spatial data management tools                ∙   Develop an interactive web-based tool for          AAL                     4-5
                                                  external stakeholder access to environment-
                                                  related data
                                              ∙   Contribute environmental data, where               AAL                     4-5
                                                  feasible, to the public reporting of progress
                                                  against SPT
 Form links between the          Low          ∙   Promote the environmental program and              Councils                1-3
 environment programs of AAL                      services of surrounding Councils to airport
 and surrounding agencies                         tenants
 where relevant                               ∙   Create opportunities for joint promotion and       State Government/       1-3
                                                  implementation by AAL, State Government and        Councils/AAL
                                                  Councils of key environment-related initiatives
                                              ∙   Sponsor an airport category in the City of         Council/AAL             1-3
                                                  West Torrens World Environment Day awards
 Adopt an adaptive               Medium       ∙   Continue to implement rigorous, transparent        AAL                     1-3
 management approach to our                       environmental monitoring plans and methods
 environmental and operational                    as the foundation for our HSEMS
 programs                                     ∙   Invite specialist third party review of selected   Contractor              1-3
                                                  key areas of our operational processes and
                                                  monitoring program to maximise the potential
                                                  for early learning and adaptation
                                              ∙   Partner with leading institutions in supporting    AAL/Contractor          1-3
                                                  research into ecological health, resource
                                                  conservation and renewable technology

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Chapter 14
Climate Change

14.1 OVERVIEW                                            reduce its company carbon footprint through ongoing
                                                         implementation of energy efciency measures (see
In recent years, global focus on climate change has      Section 15 – Energy). AAL will initiate a climate
shifted away from the ‘how’, that is the scientic       adaptation program in which the future impacts of
debate surrounding the extent of human activity’s        climate change will be assessed and the outcomes
contribution, and towards the ‘what’, the emerging       considered in future business planning.
policies and strategies for dealing with its impact on
our planet. The Fourth Assessment Report released        Participation in the national carbon trading
by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change         scheme will not (at present) be mandatory for AAL.
in 2007 stated the existence of climate change           Nonetheless, AAL realises the greater benets of
as ‘unequivocal’ and attributed the main causes          acting voluntarily in the carbon market and will seek
of the change to human activities. In response,          to switch a proportion of its electricity purchases to
the Australian government committed to emissions         renewable energy and purchase ‘carbon credits’ to
reductions targets outlined in the Kyoto Protocol,       offset the greenhouse gas emissions resulting from
prompting establishment of the National Greenhouse       key company activities.
Gas and Energy Reporting (NGER) Regulations
2007, and design of a carbon emissions trading           AAL has already made signicant progress in the
scheme. The Australian Airports Association took a       implementation of its carbon program and will
step further and released guidelines in 2008 dening     continue to offer leadership and exert inuence
how airports must measure emissions in compliance        where possible on key stakeholders to implement
with the NGER Regulations.                               similar programs. New opportunities for improved
                                                         carbon management will be appraised in light
Like many businesses, AAL recognises it will soon        of a rapidly evolving regulatory framework and
be entering a carbon constrained future and must         emerging technology.
address the various risks associated with climate
change. AAL is committed to reducing its carbon          14.2 OBJECTIVES
footprint whilst continuing to showcase renewable
energy technology. A prudent carbon management           AAL’s objectives for managing greenhouse emissions
program will be pursued to address (a) carbon            (by 2029) are:
risk (the potential nancial and business impact         ∙   to minimise AAL’s carbon footprint;
associated with a carbon constrained economy) and        ∙   to be inuential in reducing greenhouse gas
(b) climate risk (the potential impact on assets and         emission levels from other airport users, and
operations associated with more variable climate).       ∙   to be adaptive to future climate change impacts
                                                             on our business and operations.
To manage carbon risk AAL has, and will continue
to measure emissions through establishment of a          The goals and management actions for achieving
dedicated greenhouse gas accounting system and           these objectives are detailed in Table 14.1.

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          Table 14.1 AAL Approach to Managing Climate Change
          Goal (2009-2014)                Priority   Management Action (2009-2014)                              Responsibility     Timing
           Reduce AAL’s per               High       ∙   Establish a company carbon ledger for detailed         AAL                1-3
           passenger greenhouse                          and veriable measurement of the company
           gas emissions                                 carbon footprint
                                                     ∙   Continue at least annual calculation of the            AAL                1-3
                                                         company‘s carbon footprint and, where required,
                                                         carbon reporting in accordance with regulatory
                                                     ∙   Incorporate sustainable development principles         AAL/Developers     1-3
                                                         into existing and new development, t-out
                                                         and construction guidelines (see Section 12
                                                         Sustainability Performance)
                                                     ∙   Purchase up to 10% of electricity from renewable       AAL                1-3
                                                         (green) sources by 2012 (see Section 15.
                                                     ∙   Consider voluntary offset up to 30% of AAL’s           AAL                4-5
                                                         company carbon footprint by 2014
                                                     ∙   Detail and enforce minimum energy efciency            AAL                4-5
                                                         standards for all equipment, including motor
                                                         vehicles, in the company purchasing policy
                                                     ∙   Reduce baseline electricity consumption in T1(5%       AAL                4-5
                                                         of 2005 levels by 2014) by implementing the T1
                                                         Energy Audit Action Plan and other economically
                                                         viable energy efciency actions (see Section 15.
           Encourage and, where           High       ∙   Review tenancy electricity metering in T1 as           AAL                1-3
           feasible, facilitate tenants                  required to ensure accurate and streamlined data
           to measure and reduce                         availability
           their carbon footprint                    ∙   Implement the T1 Energy Audit Action Plan (see         AAL/Contractor     1-3
                                                         Section 15. Energy)
                                                     ∙   Review aircraft gate allocation to balance             AAL/Airlines       1-3
                                                         the dual imperatives of energy reduction and
                                                         passenger service
                                                     ∙   Continue to support and facilitate fuel reduction      AAL/Airlines       1-3
                                                         initiatives by airlines
                                                     ∙   Develop tools and provide guidance to tenants on       AAL/Contractor     1-3
                                                         techniques for measuring emissions and reducing
                                                         energy consumption (see Section 15. Energy)
                                                     ∙   Install ground power and pre-conditioned air units     AAL/Contractor     4-5
                                                         on all current and future aerobridges
                                                     ∙   Run specialist information sessions on                 AAL/Contractor     4-5
                                                         opportunities for purchasing green energy and
                                                         participating in carbon off-set schemes (see
                                                         Section 15. Energy)
           Improve AAL’s                  Medium     ∙   Participate in local and State adaptive planning       State Government   1-3
           preparedness against the                      processes
           likely impacts of climate                 ∙   Conduct an infrastructure review against               AAL/Contractor     1-3
           change on infrastructure                      projected climate change scenarios
           and operations                            ∙   Update ood models (see Section 19.                    AAL                1-3
                                                     ∙   Incorporate, where required, new pavement              AAL                1-3
                                                         and building standards into development and
                                                         construction guidelines
                                                     ∙   Accommodate, where required, predicted                 AAL/Emergency      4-5
                                                         extreme weather events into the Airport                Services
                                                         Emergency Plan
           Increase the proportion of     Low        ∙   Establish baseline data on transport patterns by       AAL                1-3
           airport visitors and tenants                  airport visitors and tenants
           using alternative forms of                ∙   Continue to protect a land corridor for future light   AAL                1-3
           transport or changing their                   rail access
           transport habits                          ∙   Introduce an airport-wide green travel initiative      AAL/Tenants        1-3
                                                         which could include a car pooling scheme in
                                                         collaboration with major airport employers,
                                                         dependent on support
                                                     ∙   Increase the scope of service provided by public       State Government   4-5
                                                         buses to the airport
                                                     ∙   Trial a recharging scheme for electric cars            AAL                4-5
                                                     ∙   Develop a Bicycle / Pedestrian Access and              AAL                4-5
                                                         Safety Plan for the airport

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Chapter 15

15.1 OVERVIEW                                             energy data sets and development of an integrated
                                                          nance/carbon ledger. Baseline energy data
The Adelaide Airport site is a relatively large
                                                          provides the essential platform for an energy
consumer of energy resources shared between
                                                          efciency program that will be guided by the
AAL and tenants. Most of the energy consumed is
electricity used in airport buildings predominantly for   recommendations stemming from energy audits of
heating, cooling and lighting. Of these buildings,        AAL-owned buildings, plant and equipment.
only a proportion is owned and occupied by
AAL; the remainder either leased to or owned and          AAL has demonstrated its commitment to saving
occupied by tenants. A map showing the mix of             energy over the past few years by having designed
AAL and tenancy building ownership is provided in         and constructed energy efciency features into T1,
Appendix D.                                               conducted detailed energy audits of key facilities
                                                          and partnered with the SA Government to install
Major infrastructure owned and occupied (or               a 114 kW solar PV array on the T1 roof. The
managed) by AAL consumes substantial electricity          energy efciency program will be a subset of AAL’s
that combined generates well over 90 per cent             overarching carbon management program and be a
of the greenhouse gases accounted for in the              critical step towards reducing the company’s carbon
company’s carbon footprint. This includes:                footprint.
∙    terminal lighting, heating and cooling;
∙    terminal baggage handling systems;
∙    street and car park lighting;
                                                          15.2 OBJECTIVES
∙    aireld lighting; and                                AAL’s objective for managing the use of energy
∙    company ofces and maintenance compound.             resources (by 2029) is to exceed relevant industry
                                                          benchmarks for energy efciency.
AAL’s carbon footprint is measured annually
requiring regular assessment of the airport electricity   AAL’s goals and management actions for achieving
metering network, creation of accurate, detailed          this objective are detailed in Table 15.1.

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          Table 15.1 AAL Approach to Managing Energy Resources
          Goal (2009-2014)             Priority   Management Action (2009-2014)                              Responsibility         Timing
           Reduce baseline             High       ∙   Review electricity metering within T1 and AAL          AAL/Contractors        1-3
           electricity consumption                    occupied buildings to provide more accurate and
           in T1 and other                            detailed baseline data
           buildings occupied                     ∙   Implement the T1 Energy Audit Action Plan where        AAL/Contractors        1-3
           by AAL (5% of 2005                         feasible
           levels by 2014)                        ∙   Incorporate sustainable development principles         AAL/Developers         1-3
                                                      into existing and new development, t-out
                                                      and construction guidelines (see Section 12
                                                      Sustainability Performance)
           Purchase up to 10% of       High       ∙   Assess renewable energy purchasing options             AAL                    1-3
           electricity from certied              ∙   Arrange the supply of certied green energy            AAL/Utility Provider   4-5
           South Australian
           renewable sources by
           Increase on-airport         High       ∙   Conduct a solar and wind modelling assessment          AAL/Contractors        1-3
           generation of                          ∙   Investigate possible locations for renewable           AAL/Contractors        1-3
           renewable energy                           energy installations
                                                  ∙   Partner with Government and leading R&D                AAL/State              4-5
                                                      institutions to facilitate trials for emerging         Government
                                                      renewable technology
           Encourage tenants           Medium     ∙   Develop tools and provide guidance to tenants on       AAL/Tenants            1-3
           to implement energy                        techniques for measuring emissions and reducing
           efciency measures                         energy consumption
                                                  ∙   Run specialist information sessions on opportunities   AAL/Tenants            4-5
                                                      for purchasing green energy and participating in
                                                      carbon off-set schemes
                                                  ∙   Provide support to tenants ling funding               AAL/Tenants            4-5
                                                      applications for energy efciency projects
                                                  ∙   Introduce green leases where feasible                  AAL/Tenants            4-5

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Chapter 16
Water Resources

16.1 OVERVIEW                                           assessed, expansion of the existing recycled water
                                                        network is the highest priority with new supply points
Climatic trends, uncertainty with respect to South      proposed for the Holdfast, Airport East, Morphett,
Australia’s long-term water availability and rising     Tapleys, Burbridge and Torrens Precincts. A map
water rates has led to water emerging as a priority     depicting the locations of current and future planned
issue for AAL. Security of water supply and best        supply points is provided in Appendix E.
practice water conservation are critical goals,
building on AAL’s solid track record of leadership in   Aquifer storage and recovery, using stormwater
water management.                                       harvested from the Keswick-Brownhill Creek, will be
                                                        further investigated for a site on the southern airport
Recycled water from the nearby Glenelg                  boundary earmarked in Volume 1 - Airport Master
Wastewater Treatment Plant has been used to             Plan.
irrigate areas of Adelaide Airport for over a decade.
As the airport has expanded so has the recycled         AAL will continue to implement water efciency
water network. In 2008, recycled water comprised        measures guided by recommendations from water
25% of all water consumed across the airport            audits conducted of T1 and other AAL-owned
(including tenants) and 60% of water consumed           buildings.
in T1. AAL has realised further water savings by
landscaping T1 with local, drought-tolerant species     16.2 OBJECTIVES
and promoting water sensitive design principles in
the 2008 Landscape Guidelines.                          AAL’s objective for managing water resources (by
                                                        2029) is to ‘water proof’ Adelaide Airport.
AAL is committed, where feasible, to securing
                                                        The goals and management actions for achieving
alternative non-potable water supplies for new and
                                                        this objective are detailed in Table 16.1.
existing developments. Of the various options being

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          Table 16.1 AAL Approach to Managing Water Resources
          Goal (2009-2014)                Priority   Management Action (2009-2014)                            Responsibility         Timing
           Reduce per passenger           High       ∙   Implement the T1 Water Audit Action Plan             AAL/Contractors        1-3
           potable mains water                           where feasible
           consumption in T1 (10%                    ∙   Continue to seek opportunities for reducing          AAL/Contractors        1-3
           of 2005 levels by 2014)                       reliance on potable mains water
           and other AAL owned and                   ∙   Continue to update the water meter network to        AAL/Contractors        1-3
           occupied buildings                            improve data accuracy
           Source alternative non-        High       ∙   Design and construct a stormwater harvesting         AAL/Contractors        4-5
           potable water supplies for                    scheme on airport subject to funding
           on- and/or off-airport users                  availability
           where feasible                            ∙   Feed alternative water to all existing and future    AAL                    4-5
                                                         AAL cooling towers by 2014
           Expand the use of non-         High       ∙   Construct additional take-off points in the          AAL/Utility Provider   1-3
           potable water supplies                        recycled water supply network in the vicinity of
           across the airport                            existing and future developments
                                                     ∙   All new developments to incorporate water            Tenants/Developers     1-3
                                                         sensitive urban design features such as
                                                         rainwater tanks or other water harvesting
           Encourage tenants to           Medium     ∙   Develop tools and provide guidance to tenants        AAL/Tenants            1-3
           implement water efciency                     on techniques for measuring and reducing
           measures                                      water consumption
                                                     ∙   Run specialist information sessions on               AAL/Tenants            1-3
                                                         opportunities for water harvesting and
                                                     ∙   Continue to review proposed plantings                Tenants/               1-3
                                                         for conformance with the AAL Landscape               Developers/AAL
                                                         Guidelines, i.e. Drought tolerant species
                                                         selection (see Section 21. Land and Heritage
                                                     ∙   Introduce green leases where feasible                AAL/Tenants            4-5

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Chapter 17

17.1 OVERVIEW                                             Where required, controls have been introduced to
                                                          reduce potential impacts from nuisance noise such
Aviation can be a signicant contributor to noise         as changes to operational times, equipment retrots,
levels in urban areas, and airports are the interface     and staff awareness training.
between the aviation sector and local communities.
Airports have a critical role to play in minimising       Ground running (engine testing) activities undertaken
noise impacts from ground-based activities (in            by aircraft operators are strictly controlled through
accordance with the Regulations) and, where               monitoring and enforcement of AAL’s Engine Ground
possible, being an inuential stakeholder in              Running Policy contained within the Airport Manual.
responsibly addressing those impacts resulting            Similarly, operational and construction activities
from aircraft in ight. Issues relating to the latter     are controlled through enforcement of Tenant or
are the direct responsibility of Airservices Australia    Construction Environmental Management Plans
and detailed for Adelaide Airport in Section 5 of         and monitored through a program of regular site
Volume 1 of this MP.                                      audits. Noise modelling is undertaken for new
                                                          developments that may contribute to the airport noise
The major contributors of noise and vibration arising     prole and noise attenuation measures incorporated
from ground-based activities at airports include          into these developments at the design phase.
aircraft ground-running (engine testing), parked          Auxiliary Power Units, located in the rear of jet
aircraft, freight operations, ground vehicles, plant      aircraft to drive the operational systems of parked
and equipment and construction activities.                aircraft, can impact negatively on background
                                                          noise levels. To reduce noise, and encourage fuel
AAL has undertaken repeated noise monitoring              saving, AAL provides airlines with Fixed Electrical
surveys focusing on the residential zone adjacent the     Ground Power to all T1 parking bays serviced
eastern airport boundary that showed noise levels         with aerobridges and pre-conditioned air to four
from ground-based operations to be below relevant         central bays.
regulatory standards. Background noise modelling
by AAL has also been undertaken to assess the             17.2 OBJECTIVES
potential impacts relating to forecast increases from
                                                          AAL’s objectives for managing noise on the airport
airport development. Nonetheless, AAL continues
                                                          (by 2029) are:
to implement controls to minimise the potential off-
                                                          ∙   to comply with relevant standards for ground-
airport impact caused by noise, in particular that
                                                              based noise sources; and
generated by night-time aviation and non-aviation
                                                          ∙   to increase community awareness and
related activities. A two metre high landscaped
                                                              understanding of noise from airport-related
mound (300 metres in length) was constructed in the
Airport East Precinct adjacent to a residential area to
improve future amenity for local residents and offer      The goals and management actions for achieving
some noise attenuation benets.                           these objectives are detailed in Table 17.1.

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          Table 17.1 AAL Approach to Managing Noise
          Goal (2009-2014)             Priority   Management Action (2009-2014)                            Responsibility     Timing
          Ensure present and future    High       ∙   Continue to conduct regular boundary noise           AAL/Contractors    1-3
          developments comply with                    monitoring
          relevant noise regulations              ∙   Continue to ensure that potential noise impacts      AAL/Developers     1-3
                                                      are modelled for new developments and
                                                      noise mitigation measures implemented where
                                                  ∙   Continue to encourage the increased use of           Airlines           1-3
                                                      ground power and pre-conditioned air at T1
                                                  ∙   Continue to ensure appropriate noise
                                                      management by inclusion in CEMPs and                 Contractors        1-3
                                                      construction site auditing
          Raise community              Medium     ∙   Develop a fact sheet on noise-related issues         AAL                1-3
          awareness of noise-related                  and post on the AAL website
          issues                                  ∙   Continue to lobby and support Airservices            AAL/Stakeholders   1-3
                                                      Australia initiatives to improve reporting and
                                                      communication of noise-related enquiries

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Chapter 18

18.1 OVERVIEW                                           tenants for wildlife attraction and requires they submit
                                                        Waste Management Plans specifying waste streams
Waste generated at Adelaide Airport originates from     and management of them, with the aim of reducing
three sources; AAL operations, tenant operations and    foreign object debris and the likelihood of attracting
airport visitors. Major waste streams include organic   wildlife to the airport environs.
(e.g food), packaging, paper and cardboard,
aluminium cans, plastics, electronic, construction,     Toilet waste from aircraft is discharged to sewer
hazardous (e.g waste oil, uorescent tubes) and         via a waste dump facility in accordance with
green waste.                                            South Australian Health Commission requirements.
                                                        Wastewater disposal patterns are also routinely
AAL has well established recycling regimes for          monitored and grease arrestors maintained to meet
paper and cardboard, printer cartridges, waste oil,     regulatory requirements.
batteries, drink containers, construction waste and
green waste. The design of T1 allowed space for
                                                        An Asbestos Register is maintained for all buildings
recycling facilities for paper and cardboard, glass,
                                                        owned by AAL. Following annual audits, a specialist
aerosol cans and plastic containers. Recently,
                                                        company is contracted to remove selected asbestos-
this was augmented by the addition of co-mingled
                                                        containing materials on a risk basis. Any demolition
recycling for AAL’s Management Centre. Further
                                                        project is preceded by an asbestos audit and the
reduction of waste to landll is sought by employing
                                                        building stripped of materials containing asbestos
various tactics. This includes amendment of the
                                                        in strict accordance with State regulatory standards
Purchasing Policy in recognition of the impact
                                                        prior to works commencing.
of purchasing decisions on minimising resource
consumption and waste generation. An integrated
waste management strategy is to be drafted, based       18.2 OBJECTIVES
on the results of a waste audit.                        AAL’s objectives for managing waste (by 2029) are:
                                                        ∙   to increase the proportion of waste diverted from
AAL works collaboratively with tenants, including           landll in alignment with State targets; and
airlines, to reduce waste and seeks to positively       ∙   to be an asbestos-free airport.
inuence the environmental performance of
independently operating tenants via a number of         The goals and management actions for achieving
management techniques, including environmental          these objectives are detailed in Table 18.1.
audits and EMPs. AAL proactively identies high risk

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          Table 18.1 AAL Approach to Managing Waste
          Goal (2009-2014)            Priority   Management Action (2009-2014)                      Responsibility    Timing
          Increase the volume of      High       ∙   Finalise detailed waste audit of T1            AAL/Contractors   1-3
          waste per passenger                    ∙   Develop and implement a Waste                  AAL/Contractors   4-5
          from T1 to be recycled                     Management Strategy for T1
          or reused (25% of 2009
          levels by 2014)
          Engender a company          Medium     ∙   Develop and implement company-wide             AAL/Contractors   1-3
          culture of responsible                     waste reuse and recycling initiatives
          waste management                       ∙   Continue to reuse and recycle construction     AAL/Contractors   1-3
                                                     waste for other on-airport commercial
                                                     projects or off-site applications
                                                 ∙   Identify and regularly review preferred        AAL               1-3
                                                     environmentally responsible suppliers and
                                                 ∙   Run a staff awareness campaign on              AAL               1-3
                                                     the opportunities and benets of green
          Increase tenant waste       Medium     ∙   Continue to support, where practicable, T1     AAL/Tenants       1-3
          reuse and recycling                        and other airport tenants seeking to expand
                                                     their reuse and recycling program
                                                 ∙   Run a tenant awareness campaign on the         AAL               4-5
                                                     opportunities and benets of effective waste
          Minimise risks associated   Low        ∙   Continue to manage hazardous wastes in         AAL               1-3
          with hazardous waste                       accordance with regulatory requirements
          handling and disposal                  ∙   Continue the environmental audit program       AAL               1-3
                                                     of tenants and construction sites
                                                 ∙   Continue annual asbestos removal program       Contractors       1-3
                                                     until asbestos-free

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Chapter 19

19.1 OVERVIEW                                          has also maintained reed habitats in the internal
                                                       airport drainage network that act passively to
Waterways are sensitive environments, often            reduce pollutants transported off-airport.
supporting a diversity of ora and fauna that are
susceptible to degradation and pollution. Water        Stormwater discharges from within the airport
collected across catchments not only has the           boundary are of a quality consistent with stormwater
potential to impact the health of waterways but also   discharge monitored from off-airport urban
that of the receiving marine environment.              catchments and well above what is commonly
                                                       reported for urban catchments in Australia (Wong
Adelaide Airport lies at the downstream end            et. al. 2000). Furthermore, stormwater exiting
of several regional catchments. Abutting the           Adelaide Airport consistently meets the South
northern airport boundary is the Cowandilla-Mile       Australian Environment Protection (Water Quality)
End Drain, which collects water from the western       Policy 2003 fresh water standards.
suburbs and directs it through AAL’s Patawalonga
Creek Conservation Zone. The eastern and               Areas of Adelaide Airport and its surrounds are
southern airport boundary interfaces with the          susceptible to ooding, and are predicted to be
Keswick-Brownhill Creek, directing water from          increasingly so as a result of climate change. The
the Adelaide central business district and south       assessment and reduction of ood risk to these areas
eastern foothills. The Airport Drain, situated along   is a critical consideration in AAL land use planning,
the western boundary directs runoff from within        building design and stormwater management. To
the airport. Stormwater from these catchments is       reduce the risk of residential ooding AAL granted
released to Gulf St. Vincent via the Patawalonga       the City of West Torrens a 40 m buffer zone along
Lake, downstream of the airport. A map depicting       the Cowandilla-Mile End Drain. AAL will continue
the major stormwater catchments is provided in         to work with Councils, the State Government and
Appendix F.                                            key tenants in implementing strategies to further
                                                       reduce the risk of damaging oods.
AAL is committed to improving stormwater quality
and consequently the ecological health of its          AAL will continue to measure and seek
waterways by installing gross pollutant traps in all   improvements in the ecological health of its
new developments, supporting aquatic ecosystems,       waterways, and minimise the risk of ood damage,
regularly auditing airport tenants, implementing       through nalisation and implementation of an
effective emergency spill response plans and           airport-wide stormwater management plan, based
conducting regular monitoring. Stormwater              on the requirements prescribed by the SA EPA and
interceptor units have been installed by AAL to        the Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for
reduce pollutant loads from all apron areas. AAL       Fresh and Marine Water Quality (ANZECC 2000).

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          19.2 OBJECTIVES
                                                                          The goals and management actions for achieving
          AAL’s objective for managing stormwater (by 2029)               this objective are detailed in Table 19.1.
          is to minimise the impact of airport operations on
          surface water quality, ooding and the risk of harm
          to aquatic ecosystems.

          Table 19.1 AAL Approach to Managing Stormwater
          Goal (2009-2014)                Priority   Management Action (2009-2014)                       Responsibility    Timing
           Maintain and improve           High       ∙   Review and revise the Stormwater                AAL/Contractors   1-3
           ecological health within our                  Monitoring Program to include ecological
           waterways                                     health parameters
                                                     ∙   Continue to install stormwater protection       AAL/Developers/   1-3
                                                         devices for new and upgraded                    Tenants
                                                     ∙   Finalise and implement the airport              AAL/Tenants       4-5
                                                         Stormwater Management Plan
           Reduce on-airport ood risk    Medium     ∙   Update ood risk models                         AAL/Contractors   1-3
                                                     ∙   Include ood mitigation strategies in the       AAL               1-3
                                                         Stormwater Management Plan
                                                     ∙   Continue to collaborate with external           AAL               1-3
                                                         stakeholders on catchment-wide ood

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Chapter 20
Soil and Groundwater

20.1 OVERVIEW                                        reduce the likelihood of soil contamination. Minor
                                                     spills and other sources of contamination therefore
Prior to construction of the airport, the site was
                                                     have generally been conned to a small area
largely swamp land associated with a low-lying
                                                     and are responded to promptly. AAL also has a
basin behind the main coastal sand dunes, located
                                                     procedure in place to undertake an environmental
on the western edge of the Adelaide Plains.
                                                     site assessment whenever there is a change in
Soils on airport are generally sandy or clayey.      landuse, land is purchased, leased, or vacated at
Groundwater is shallow and encountered generally     lease expiry, or if there is suspected contamination
between 1 and 2 m below ground surface and           of a site. Newly identied contamination is
of poor quality. Managing historical and recent      subject to an environmental and/or health risk
contamination is an ongoing role for AAL as          assessment from which short- and long-term
the airport lessee company and all practicable       remedial actions are developed and implemented
measures are undertaken to protect groundwater       on a prioritised basis.
quality. The biggest risks to soil and groundwater
quality are spills predominantly associated with     Investigations into suspected or known
refuelling and leaks from storage tanks.             contamination are undertaken in accordance with
                                                     the National Environment Protection (Assessment of
20.2 SOIL                                            Site Contamination) Measure (1999).
AAL has developed and implemented a program
for managing contaminated sites and reducing the     Soil is regularly imported onto airport land as part
risk of contamination, comprising regular tenant     of construction work and is a potential source of
audits, workplace inspections and liaison with       contamination to soil and groundwater. In order
tenants on the implementation of monitoring and      to reduce this risk all developments (including
remediation programs. Furthermore, AAL’s building    demolition) are required to implement a Construction
approval process captures the requirement for        EMP which addresses soil importation. AAL requires
environmental site assessments to be undertaken      verication of the contamination status of material
prior to development or upon a change in leasing     that is brought onto airport.
arrangements. Tenants and developers are
provided with additional support in the form of a
                                                     During the past 5 years two sites have been
set of guidelines in conducting environmental site
                                                     remediated by AAL: the former Airservices Australia
                                                     compound and a former landll within Burbridge
                                                     Business Park.
The majority of operations that take place at the
airport are on impervious surfaces which greatly

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          A subset of the Environment Site Register was          airport are reassessed to determine if further site
          created in 2005 to manage sites in accordance          investigations are required by AAL or the operator to
          with the known degree of contamination. The            ensure compliance with the Regulations.
          Contaminated Site Register is a dynamic document
          which includes details on known contaminants,          20.3 GROUNDWATER
          hazardous substances storages, risk ratings and
                                                                 Monitoring wells have been placed at specic
          short- and long-term risk mitigation or remedial
                                                                 locations on the airport for the purpose of measuring
          actions, which in turn informs the Contaminated Site
                                                                 contamination levels at known or suspected
          Management Plan.
                                                                 contaminated sites. AAL has also installed
                                                                 additional monitoring wells to establish background
          To update the Contaminated Site Management
                                                                 groundwater quality for comparison against known
          Plan, rst developed in 2007, AAL remains abreast
                                                                 contaminated sites. All USTs are required to have
          of the latest remediation technologies from the CRC
                                                                 groundwater monitoring wells installed adjacent the
          for Contamination Assessment and Remediation
                                                                 tanks. This applies to tenant and AAL-owned tanks.
          for the Environment via the Australian Remediation
                                                                 It is a condition of Building Approvals that all tanks
          Industry Cluster (ARIC). As new information on
                                                                 are required to meet Australian Standards. During
          contaminants comes to hand, existing sites on

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                                      Master Plan Adelaide Airport                                                 Volume 3 Sustainability Plan

tenant audits ASTs are inspected for any leaks and                    type and history of all known past and current
verication is requested to show that tanks meet                      storage facilities, ASTs and USTs.
relevant Standards.
                                                                      Records are kept of all spills and other
Background groundwater quality is generally poor                      environmental incidents reported on airport. AAL
due to its heavy metal content and high salinity levels               has a program in place, supported by emergency
                                                                      services personnel where required, for spill clean
and is therefore not suitable as a source of potable
                                                                      up, monitoring, reporting and recording. Staff and
water or as an irrigation source. AAL recognises its                  key tenants receive spill response training and clean
role in protecting the shallow groundwater resource                   up materials and equipment are kept in designated
from any adverse impacts from activities on airport                   airside and landside locations.
land and groundwater quality is actively managed
through various mechanisms.                                           USTs have shown to be the greatest risk to soil
                                                                      and groundwater at Adelaide Airport. To manage
20.4       HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE                                        this risk, AAL has prescribed requirements for the
           MANAGEMENT                                                 monitoring of all USTs in tenant leases. Tenants
                                                                      have also been requested to include UST monitoring
Hazardous substances and dangerous goods                              in their EMPs and report these results to AAL.
are stored and used across the airport on a daily
                                                                      ASTs also pose the risk for environmental harm and
basis. These products have the potential to cause
                                                                      are regularly audited by AAL, and monitored by their
signicant environmental impacts if they are not                      owners, to minimise the risk of leaks or failures.
stored and managed correctly. The nature of
an airport requires large quantities of fuel to be                    20.5 OBJECTIVES
transported in addition to the use of solvents, oils,
                                                                      AAL’s objective to manage soil and groundwater
herbicides and radioactive materials by AAL and                       (by 2029) is to minimise the impact of airport
airport tenants.                                                      operations on soil and groundwater quality.

A Hazardous Substances Storage Register is                            The goals and management actions for achieving
maintained by AAL and documents the location,                         this objective are detailed in Table 20.1.

Table 20.1 AAL Approach to Managing Soil and Groundwater
Goal (2009-2014)           Priority      Management Action (2009-2014)                           Responsibility          Timing
 Maintain and, where       High          ∙   Continue to implement priority actions from the     AAL                     1-3
 feasible, improve soil                      Contaminated Site Management Plan
 and groundwater quality                 ∙   Continue to guide tenants to close out              Tenants                 1-3
                                             contaminated sites on a risk basis where
                                         ∙   Continue to revise and implement the Irrigation     AAL/Contractors         1-3
                                             Management Plan for recycled water use
                                         ∙   Continue to conduct environmental site              Developers/Tenants/     1-3
                                             assessments for new developments and                AAL
                                             lease handovers in accordance with the AAL
                                             Environmental Site Assessment Guidelines
                                         ∙   Continue to investigate and monitor soil and/or     Tenants/AAL             1-3
                                             groundwater quality on a risk basis
 Minimise risks            Low           ∙   Continue to store and manage hazardous              AAL/Tenants/            1-3
 associated with                             substances and dangerous goods in accordance        Developers
 hazardous substances                        with regulatory requirements
 storage and handling                    ∙   Tank integrity programs to be implemented for all   Tenants                 1-3
                                             USTs, including groundwater monitoring where
                                         ∙   Continue monitoring the Joint User Hydrant          Operator/AAL            1-3
                                             Installation in accordance with the EMP
                                         ∙   Continue the environmental audit program of         AAL                     1-3
                                             tenants and construction sites
                                         ∙   Continue to implement emergency response            Emergency Services/     1-3
                                             plans for hazardous substances spills               Tenants/AAL

                                                                                                                                        3 - 143
Chapter 21
Land and Heritage

21.1 OVERVIEW                                          Although a majority of the Patawalonga Creek has
                                                       been modied for ood mitigation or recreational
Prior to European settlement, the area Adelaide
                                                       and amenity purposes, it hosts one of the remnant
Airport and surrounding suburbs presently occupies
                                                       populations of Swamp Paperbarks (Melaleuca
was swampy, dominated by reeds (Typha orientalis
and Phragmites australis), and later referred to       halmaturorum) on the Adelaide Plains, which was
as the Reedbeds. The Reedbeds were subject to          listed with the National Trust in 2006. The site
the inuence of both marine and freshwater. Fed        also hosts the State-endangered Black Cotton Bush
by the River Torrens, Brownhill Creek and Sturt        (Maireana decalvans) and a number of other plants
River, none of which had a direct outlet to sea, the   of State and/or regional conservation signicance.
waters ooded overland, forming lagoons. After         Fauna species recorded at the site include the
heavy rains, the ood waters made their way out        Long Necked Tortoise, Painted Frog, Legless Skink,
to sea via Patawalonga Creek and the Port River.       Dragons, Kingshers, Black-shouldered Kite, and
The Reedbeds were interspersed with Callitris,         southern Boobook owls. A recent study indicates a
Allocasuarina and Banksia woodlands on the             55 per cent increase in Melaleuca canopy cover
slightly elevated patches of land, and Melaleuca
                                                       since AAL took care and control of the site in 1998.
woodlands with Samphire shrublands in the low-
lying areas subject to tidal inuence.
                                                       Recognising the importance of the remnant habitat,
Such biodiversity provided an abundance of             AAL created the Patawalonga Creek Conservation
resources, and as such, considerable archival          Zone (PCCZ), encompassing a 30 m riparian zone
evidence of Kaurna occupation of the general area      either side of the creek line, and on land originally
exists. Reports date back to1893 when a number         reserved for a future 05/23 parallel runway. AAL
of stone artefacts were unearthed at Fulham by early   registered PCCZ as a planting site for Schools and
settler Samuel White. These, along with implements     National Tree Days, which now draw in excess
unearthed later, were found on a land surface          of 150 volunteers and coordinators annually and
underlying marine deposits, suggesting an antiquity    attracts corporate sponsorship. To date AAL has
of more than 7,500 years, the approximate age of
                                                       purchased over 20,000 native plants and actively
the present coastline. Aboriginal skeletal remains
                                                       seeks funding to further support these events.
were discovered during the construction of the rst
hanger at the airport in 1948.
                                                       AAL has dedicated many resources to PCCZ,
                                                       including development and implementation of
21.2      HABITAT CONSERVATION                         various management plans, provenance guidelines,
Despite drastic landscape modication on Adelaide      revegetation plans and monitoring surveys. A
Airport, pre-European vegetation assemblages are       committee comprised of stakeholders oversees
still present; in the remnant Patawalonga Creek,       the ongoing rehabilitation program resulting in
sections of the airport’s stormwater drainage          over 18,000 volunteer hours spent on on-site
network, and in the airside grasslands.                maintenance so far in 2009.

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          A second site, the Tapleys Conservation Zone (TCZ),        Airside vegetation habitats are populated by
          has been set aside as a native seed bank where             chenopods, native and introduced grasses and
          AAL actively transplants species of conservation           sedges. A one-year research study has commenced
          signicance for future seed collection and                 to assess the relationship between vegetation,
          propagation in the future. AAL, in partnership with        invertebrate associations and bird numbers on the
          Friends of Patawalonga Creek and Conservation              aireld. Any signicant ndings will be used to
          Volunteers Australia, manages an on-site native            direct land management practices, including habitat
          plant nursery where over 6,000 plants have been            modication.
          propagated in the past three years. A not-for-prot
          organisation, Trees for Life, leases a second nursery      The AAL Bird Management Committee membership
          site from AAL to distribute native tubestock to rural      was expanded in 2007 to include new key
          landholders and community planting programs.               stakeholders, particularly the surrounding local
                                                                     governments creating a rigorous network that
                                                                     works to collaboratively minimise risks to aviation
          AAL judiciously manages all vegetation across the
                                                                     safety posed by wildlife attraction through
          airport, including those areas of remnant vegetation
                                                                     awareness and planning. A Wildlife Risk
          located outside of specied Conservation Zones.            Management Zone has been delineated around
          The updated Landscape Guidelines set criteria for          Adelaide Airport, highlighting areas of highest bird
          vegetation planting and modication by all airport         attraction risk, acting as a tool for consultation with
          users, including AAL. Any vegetation removal,              external stakeholders.
          whether for regulatory, development, safety or
          security reasons, is conducted strictly in alignment       AAL has in place a pest control program that
          with DITRDLG’s Land Clearing Guidelines.                   includes ongoing management of fox, rabbit
                                                                     and hare numbers through a Wildlife Hazard
          The entire airport provides a limited habitat for birds.   Management Plan and liaises with local Councils
          Of the birds listed in the Environment Protection and      and landholders to reduce their numbers.
          Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, the vulnerable
          Cape Barren Goose has been a recorded visitor              21.4         ARCHAEOLOGY
          to the airport. Of those listed in the State National
          Parks and Wildlife Act 1972, the Little Egret and          Previous recordings of Aboriginal artefacts have
          Peregrine Falcon frequent the airport environs.            been focused on the sand dunes which were
                                                                     once prolic across this area prior to European
                                                                     occupation and used in the original construction
          21.3      WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT                              of the airport. In collaboration with Kaurna
          AAL runs a comprehensive wildlife management               representatives, AAL have surveyed areas of the
          program, balancing the dual interests of aviation          airport and identied indigenous and heritage
          safety and wildlife conservation. In 2007 the              sites in the Environmental Site Register. While the
          program was augmented by a bird risk assessment,           landscape has been dramatically altered, there is
          using over 20 years of data, which identied               some potential for further Aboriginal cultural material
                                                                     to be unearthed during future developments, which
          birds that pose the highest risk to aviation safety.
                                                                     will be updated in the Environmental Site Register if
          These species were consequently prioritised
                                                                     discovered. There are procedures in place to ensure
          within the program, and discouraged from the
                                                                     that identied indigenous and heritage sites are
          airside environment using techniques such as bird          appropriately protected from ongoing maintenance
          harassment and modication of landscape, while             activities and new developments.
          bird species landside are supported where risk
          to aviation safety is minimal. The risk assessment         No sites are listed on the interim register under
          process, the most comprehensive to date, has been          the Commonwealth Environmental Protection and
          adopted at the national level for implementation by        Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 or the South
          other airports. Culling of birds is only undertaken as     Australian Aboriginal Heritage Act 1988.
          a last resort.

          A visual bird census and bird strike mapping tool
                                                                     21.5         HERITAGE
          was developed in 2008 utilising GIS technology,            AAL has continued to support the maintenance and
          allowing comprehensive analytical power in real            conservation of the historic Vickers Vimy aircraft in
          time. Concurrently, data report forms were converted       accordance with the DITRDLG criteria. Specialist
          into electronic format enabling online entry and alerts    conservators will conduct a long-term cleaning,
          in the events of wildlife strikes or other management      monitoring and restoration program to ensure
                                                                     the signicant heritage values of the aircraft are

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                                      Master Plan Adelaide Airport                                                      Volume 3 Sustainability Plan

No heritage sites have to date been listed on the                      21.6         OBJECTIVES
Australian Heritage Commission Register of
                                                                       AAL’s objectives for managing (by 2029) wildlife
National Estate, the Commonwealth Heritage
                                                                       and heritage issues are:
List (controlled or owned by the Commonwealth)                         ∙   to preserve our natural, amenity, archaeological
or the State Heritage Register. Heritage surveys                           and built heritage values in compliance with
and assessments and a Heritage Management                                  relevant standards;
Strategy for Adelaide Airport are to be nalised for                   ∙   to enhance the habitat biodiversity within
consideration by the Department of Environment,                            designated conservation zones; and
Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEHWA).                                  ∙   to minimise the risks presented by wildlife to
                                                                           aviation safety.

                                                                       The goals and management actions for achieving
                                                                       these objectives are detailed in Table 21.1.

Table 21.1 AAL Approach to Managing Land and Heritage Issues
Goal (2009-2014)           Priority     Management Action (2009-2014)                                  Responsibility           Timing
 Enhance biodiversity      High         ∙   Continue to implement the Patawalonga Creek                AAL/Stakeholders         1-3
 within the Adelaide                        Management Plan, including annual community
 and Mount Lofty                            planting of new tubestock
 Ranges                                 ∙   Continue routine ora and fauna monitoring of the          AAL/Stakeholders/        1-3
                                            Patawalonga Creek                                          Contractors
                                        ∙   Update and implement the Tapleys Conservation              AAL                      1-3
                                            Zone Management Plan, including accelerating the
                                            establishment of priority ora species
                                        ∙   Partner with the City of West Torrens and the              AAL/Stakeholders         1-3
                                            AMLRNRMB to develop and implement a long term
                                            siltation management plan for the Patawalonga Creek
                                        ∙   Continue to implement DITRDLG’s land clearing              AAL/Developers/          1-3
                                            guidelines                                                 Tenants
                                        ∙   Review and revise the Stormwater Monitoring Program        AAL/Contractors          4-5
                                            to include ecological health parameters (see Section
                                            19. Stormwater)
                                        ∙   Conduct ora and fauna surveys of areas of remnant         AAL                      4-5
                                            vegetation on-airport and assess opportunities for
                                            supporting habitat expansion
                                        ∙   Conduct a trial replanting program to improve the          AAL                      4-5
                                            biodiversity values of the unlined waterway network
                                        ∙   Partner with external stakeholders to support an on-       AAL/Stakeholders         4-5
                                            ground biodiversity program within the Adelaide and
                                            Mount Lofty Ranges region
 Reduce wildlife strike    High         ∙   Continue to implement the Wildlife Hazard                  AAL                      1-3
 rates per 1000                             Management Plan
 aircraft movements                     ∙   Continue research partnership with the University of       AAL/University of        1-3
                                            Adelaide to identify potential relationships between       Adelaide
                                            insects, plants and bird attraction on the aireld
                                        ∙   Regularly review the 3 km radius Wildlife Risk             AAL/Councils             1-3
                                            Management Zone
                                        ∙   Expand efforts to facilitate collaboration with external   Stakeholders             4-5
                                            stakeholders to reduce wildlife strike risk
                                        ∙   Partner with local and State government to assess bird     Stakeholders/AAL         4-5
                                            migration patterns and risk within 13 km radius
 Appropriately manage      Medium       ∙   Continue to protect and preserve the Vickers Vimy          AAL/Contractors          1-3
 sites of archaeological                ∙   Conduct Heritage Surveys                                   AAL/Contractors          1-3
 or heritage                            ∙   Continue to implement procedures for identifying and       Contractors              1-3
 signicance                                protecting archaeological artefacts
                                        ∙   Continue to provide avenues for consultation between       AAL                      1-3
                                            the airport and traditional custodians – the Kaurna
 Improve the amenity       Low          ∙   Continue to review proposed plantings for                  AAL/Developers/          1-3
 value of the airport                       conformance with the AAL Landscaping Guidelines            Tenants
 environs                               ∙   Develop and implement a Heritage Management                AAL/Contractors          4-5
                                            Strategy based on the ndings of heritage surveys

                                                                                                                                             3 - 147
Chapter 22
Local Air Quality

22.1 OVERVIEW                                            construction. One of the most visible and signicant
                                                         pollutants generated at Adelaide Airport is dust
Good ambient air quality is critical for maintaining     from earthworks. These are managed through
community and ecological health. Air pollution           enforcement of dust mitigation activities detailed in
occurs when the air contains gases, dust, fumes          Construction EMPs and construction site audits. Less
or odour in harmful amounts; an environmental            visible are emissions from aircraft auxiliary power
issue common in urban areas. Adelaide Airport            units which AAL discourages airlines from using
is situated within a highly urbanised area 6 km          in favour of xed electrical ground power units
due west of the CBD, surrounded by residential,          provided at every T1 bay. Emissions from minor
recreational and industrial zones. Air quality in the    point sources, such as aviation paint shops, are
western Adelaide airshed has been monitored for          ltered prior to discharge and regularly inspected
over a decade by the SA EPA at a neighbouring site       by AAL during tenant audits.
in Netley, collecting data on ambient levels of key
pollutants, namely carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen        Given the known impact of road vehicle trafc and
dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), sulphur dioxide (SO2)         industrial facilities on the airshed it has been difcult
and particles less than 10 and 2.5 micrometres in        to draw any conclusions concerning the relative
diameter (PM10 and PM2.5).                               contribution of aircraft, airport activities and induced
                                                         road trafc on the low levels of air pollution.
Data published to date by the SA EPA shows air           Whilst the Regulations do not apply to emissions
quality as ‘good’ in the airshed that encompasses        generated by aircraft, AAL nonetheless will seek to
Adelaide Airport, meeting the criteria set in the        take the lead and engage with relevant government
National Environment Protection (Ambient Air             agencies to assess their impact on local air quality.
Quality) Measure 2003 and the Regulations.
Subsequently, the rst known on-airport air quality      Greenhouse gas emissions are detailed separately
monitoring study was conducted by AAL and the            in Section 14 – Climate Change.
ndings supported external evidence that air quality
at Adelaide Airport lies well within regulatory          22.2       OBJECTIVES
                                                         AAL’s objective (by 2029) for managing local air
                                                         quality is to ensure Adelaide Airport complies with
Under the Regulations, AAL is responsible for
                                                         relevant air quality standards.
controlling air emissions from ground-based activities
such as use of Auxiliary power units, refuelling,
                                                         The goals and management actions for achieving
painting, cleaning, mechanical maintenance,
                                                         this objective are detailed in Table 22.1.
ozone depleting substances, energy generation and

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          Table 22.1 AAL Approach to Managing Air Quality
          Goal (2009-2014)                 Priority   Management Action (2009-2014)                       Responsibility     Timing
           Determine ambient air           Medium     ∙   Continue to conduct regular air quality         AAL/Contractors    1-3
           quality within the airport                     monitoring within and on the boundary of
           boundary                                       the airport in line with changes to airport
                                                      ∙   Continue to analyse relevant EPA air quality    AAL/State          1-3
                                                          data for possible trends relating to airport    Government
                                                      ∙   Continue to report as required to the           AAL                1-3
                                                          National Pollutant Inventory
           Improve our understanding       Low        ∙   Collaborate with the EPA to model the           State Government   1-3
           of the future impact of                        potential future impact of aviation and
           aviation on local air quality                  induced trafc on local air quality
           Ensure point source             Low        ∙   Continue to collect air emissions data from     Tenants            1-3
           emissions meet regulatory                      point sources and assess the requirements for
           requirement                                    additional pollution prevention
                                                      ∙   Continue to maintain a register of ozone        AAL                1-3
                                                          depleting substances (ODS) and phase out
                                                          where feasible
                                                      ∙   Install ground power and pre-conditioned air    AAL                4-5
                                                          units on all current and future aerobridges
                                                          (Section 14. Climate Change)

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