Atlas Kulon Progo

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					ATLASATLASATLASATLASA
       MAIN REPORT
                           F   I   N   A   L




TLASATLASATLASATLASAT 31   M A R CH        2005




LASATLASATLASATLASATL
         REGIONAL
ASATLASATLASATLASATLA
          ATLAS
SATLASATLASATLASATLAS
              SPECIAL PROVINCE OF YOGYAKARTA


ATLASATLASATLASATLASA
TLASATLASATLASATLASAT
LASATLASATLASATLASATL
ASATLASATLASATLASATLA
SATLASATLASATLASATLAS
ATLASATLASATLASATLASA
TLASATLASATLASATLASAT
LASATLASATLASATLASATL
ASATLASATLASATLASATLA
                                                  Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                              in cooperation with
 TRIPLE - A                                        Regional Development and Poverty Reduction Program - RDPRP
                          F   I   N   A   L

               MAIN  31   M A R CH
                                  REPORT  2005




                   REGIONAL
                    ATLAS
             SPECIAL PROVINCE OF YOGYAKARTA




                                                 Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                             in cooperation with
TRIPLE - A                                        Regional Development and Poverty Reduction Program - RDPRP
 Main Report
                                                                                                                                                                     REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                       Special Province of Yogyakarta

                              TABLE OF CONTENTS
  1. Preface ........................................................................... 1 - 1                Health ........................................................................... 3 - 14
                                                                                                              Culture
  2. Geography                                                                                                Culture ......................................................................... 3 - 16
      Geographic and Administrative Subdivision ................ 2 - 1                                        Environment
      Basemap of Yogyakarta City ........................................ 2 - 2                               Regional Environment ...................................................3 - 17
      Basemap of Sleman City .............................................. 2 - 3                             Air Pollution ....................................................................3 - 18
      Basemap of Bantul City ................................................ 2 - 4
      Basemap of Gunungkidul City ...................................... 2 - 5
                                                                                                       4.   Spatial Plan
      Basemap of Kulon Progo City....................................... 2 - 6
                                                                                                             Inter-regional Spatial Linkages (Joglosemar)................4 -                         1
      Basemap of Kota Magelang City .................................. 2 - 7
                                                                                                             Inter-municipal Spatial Linkages in DIY........................ 4 -                     2
      Basemap of Klaten City ................................................ 2 - 8
                                                                                                             Urban – Rural Spatial Linkages in DIY......................... 4 -                      3
      Basemap of Salatiga City ............................................. 2 - 9
                                                                                                             Spatial Plan of Central Java .........................................4 -               4
      Basemap of Surakarta City........................................... 2 - 10
                                                                                                             Potentials of South-South Corridor................................4 -                   5
      Basemap of Semarang City.......................................... 2 - 11
                                                                                                             Land Structure and Land-Use of South-South Corridor 4 -                                 6
      Basemap of Wonogiri City ............................................ 2 - 12
                                                                                                             Economic Development Concept for South-South
      Basemap of Purworejo City .......................................... 2 - 13
                                                                                                             Corridor......................................................................... 4 -   7
  3. Development Function                                                                                    Infrastructure Development Concept for PANSELA
                                                                                                             Corridor......................................................................... 4 -   8
           Economy                                                                                           South-South Corridor ................................................... 4 -            9
           Structure and Performance of Regional Economy ......                               3- 1
                                                                                                       5. Infrastucture
           Poverty ........................................................................   3- 2
                                                                                                            Housing ........................................................................ 5 - 1
           Inter-Regional Linkages...............................................             3- 3
                                                                                                            Roads and Transportation ......................................... 5 - 2
           Inter-Municipal Linkages..............................................             3- 4
                                                                                                            Drainage ....................................................................... 5 - 4
           Urban – Rural Linkages ...............................................             3- 5
                                                                                                            Water Supply ................................................................ 5 - 5
           Export Import ...............................................................      3- 6
                                                                                                            Sewerage and Sanitation ............................................. 5 - 7
           Handicraft.....................................................................    3- 7
                                                                                                            Solid Waste .................................................................. 5 - 10
           Tourism ........................................................................   3- 8
                                                                                                            Irrigation........................................................................ 5 - 12
           Agriculture ...................................................................    3 - 10
                                                                                                            Electricity ...................................................................... 5 - 13
           Social
                                                                                                            Telecommunication ...................................................... 5 - 14
           Demography ................................................................        3 - 11
           High Education.............................................................        3 - 12
                                                                                                       6. Cooperation
           Education .....................................................................    3 - 13
                                                                                                           Inter Municipal Cooperation ..........................................6 - 1
                                                                                                           Cooperation among Government, Private Sector and
                                                                                                           Community ................................................................... 6 - 2




Triple-A                                                                                                                                                               TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                      REGIONAL ATLAS
Main Report
                                                                                                                                                                            Special Province of Yogyakarta


1.        INTRODUCTION                                                                                        1.3       Application

1.2       Background                                                                                          The Regional Atlas is a public document that is available as hardcopy and cd-rom. Its practical
                                                                                                              applications are as follows:
The present Atlas of DIY Region is part of a set of three practical instruments to mobilize and
coordinate stakeholder participation in the preparation and realization of the long-, medium- and short-            •   Reference for preparing and updating comprehensive development planning documents of
term development plans of government. The functions of these three instruments complement each                          RPJPD (provincial/local long-term planning), RPJMD (provincial/local medium-term
other:                                                                                                                  investment programs and RKPD (provincial/local annual work plans, as well as sectoral
                                                                                                                        planning documents of Renstra SKPD (strategic medium-term sectoral programs) and
      •   Atlas presents relevant information on the existing conditions and trends, and of the                         Renja SKPD (strategic annual work plans);
          development potential of DIY region and its surrounding areas;                                            •   Database for preparing multi-stakeholder development Agenda, which translates the above
      •   Agenda, based on the information provided in the Atlas, translates strategic development                      formal planning documents of government into a concrete investment priorities of the
          plans into concrete investment priorities of the stakeholders;                                                stakeholders;
      •   Aturan-main (Rules-of-the-game) present guidelines for the effective use of the Atlas and                 •   Benchmark for monitoring and evaluation by the legislative branch (DPRD) and the public
          Agenda in mobilizing and coordinating stakeholder investment.                                                 media of the implementation of the development Agenda and the realization of government
                                                                                                                        development objectives;
The preparation of the Atlas, Agenda and Aturan-main of DIY region and its surrounding areas, also                  •   Building awareness among the development stakeholders of existing conditions, to
referred to as Regional Triple-A, was conducted through multi-stakeholder task forces, and was                          develop a sense of pride and ownership towards the place where they live and work and to
supported by funding from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), the Cities                            empower them to participate effectively in planning processes;
Alliance and the World Bank. The preparation of the Triple-A of DIY region and its surrounding areas                •   Marketing development potential of DIY region and its surrounding areas to national
was coordinated with the simultaneous preparation of similar instruments by the each of the five                        government level, to interested foreign and domestic investors, and to international donor
municipalities of the province of DIY and by DIY itself, as well as of the development programs across                  and lending agencies.
the provincial boundaries in the neighboring province of Central Java. The Regional Triple-A is
focused on regional economic growth and poverty reduction through urban-rural linkages, inter-                1.4       The Geographic Position of Special Province of Yogyakarta
municipal relationships, and inter-provincial synergies.
                                                                                                              The Special Province of Yogyakarta is one of the 32 Provinces in Indonesia. The Special province
1.2       Purpose                                                                                             of Yogyakarta borders the Indian Ocean on the south and is surrounded by the Province of Central
                                                                                                              Java. It is located between 70 33’–80 12’ Latitude and 1100 00’ – 1100 5’ Longitude. The capital of
The Regional Atlas is a public document that provides transparency and openness of relevant                   Special Province of Yogyakarta is the Yogyakarta City, which is located on the center of the Special
information for the stakeholders. Access to information is essential for rational decision-making by          province of Yogyakarta.
government in development planning, public investment and service delivery, for assessment by
private businesses of investment opportunities and risks, and for awareness by community members
of their living and working environment including public services and facilities. By giving all
stakeholders access to the same information, they can develop a common perception, which is a
prerequisite for effective stakeholder participation and consensus-building. Most information exists
somewhere, but is not easily accessible. For that reason, readily available data from the respective
stakeholders have been combined into one Atlas document and presented in a logic format to facilitate
access to information and comparison of data:

      •   Geographic base-maps at a scale 1:25.000 based on digital maps of Bakosurtanal;
      •   Thematic maps on economic, social, environmental and cultural conditions and trends,
          supported by tables, diagrams, photographs and explanatory text;
      •   Infrastructure maps of locations of infrastructure facilities, networks coverage and service
          areas, supported by tables, diagrams, photographs and explanatory text;
      •   Reference list of the original sources of data to facilitate further inquiries by the user of the
          Atlas, as well as future updating of the information.




Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                                      PREFACE 1 – 1
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Special Province of Yogyakarta


                                                                                                                                  Roads Status
                                                                                                                                         National
                                                                                                                                         Railway
                                                                                                                                         Province


                                                                                                                                 Administrative Boundaries
                                                                                                                                             Province
                                                                                                                                             Regency
                                                                                                                                             Sub-district
                                                                                                                                             Village




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Administration Subdivision in Indonesia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Area
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Area      Percentage by                                                Villages /
                                                                                                                                                                              Province/Island                                     Regency      Municipality    Sub-district
                                                                                                                                                                                                      (km2)     Indonesia Area                                                 Wards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (%)
                                                                                                                                                                        Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam        51937              2.75           16               4            204          5771
    Source : Bappeda Prop. DIY                                                                                                                                          Sumatera Utara                  73587              3.89           13               7            314          5349
                                                                                                                                                                        Sumatera Barat                  42899              2.27            9               7            144          2086
                                                                                                                                                                        Riau                            94560              5,00           12               4            150          1622

Geographic and Administration Subdivision
                                                                                                                                                                        Jambi                           53437              2.83            9               1             71          1192
                                                                                                                                                                        Sumatera Selatan                93083              4.92            7               4            143          2699
                                                                                                                                                                        Bengkulu                        19789              1.05            3               1             60          1161
                                                                                                                                                                        Lampung                         35384              1.87            8               2            162          2140
                                                                                                                                                                        Kep Bangka Belitung             16171              0.86            2               1             36           317
                                                                                                                                                                        Sumatera                       480847             25.43           79              31           1284         22337
The Special Province of Yogyakarta is one of 32 provinces in Indonesia. It is located in the middle of Java. It has a total area                                        DKI Jakarta                       664              0.43            1               5             44           267
of 3,185.81 km2 or 0.17% of the total area of Indonesia (1,890,754 km2). It is the smallest province after DKI (Special Capital                                         Jawa Barat
                                                                                                                                                                        Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                                                                                                                        34597
                                                                                                                                                                                                        32549
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1.83
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1.72
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          29
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        547
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        560
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5761
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     8556
District) of Jakarta.                                                                                                                                                   D I Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                        Jawa Timur
                                                                                                                                                                                                         3186
                                                                                                                                                                                                        47922
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.17
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2.53
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          29
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         78
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        641
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      438
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     8497
                                                                                                                                                                        Banten                           8651              0.46            4               2            122          1479
                                                                                                                                                                        Jawa                           127569              6.75           83              32           1992         24998
                                                                                                                                                                        Bali                             5633               0.3            8               1             53           686
                                                                                                                                                                        Nusa Tenggara Barat             20153              1.07            6               2             94           737
                                                                                                                                                                        Nusa Tenggara Tim ur            47351               2.5           14               1            171          2550
                                                                                                                                                                        Bali, Nusa Tenggara             73137              3.87           28               4            318          3973
                                                                                                                                                                        Kalimantan Barat               146807              7.76            8               2            129          1751
                                                                                                                                                                        Kalimantan Tengah              153564              8.12           13               1             88          1324
             A d m in i s t r a t i o n S u b d iv is io n in S p e c ia l P r o v in c e o f Y o g y a k a r t a                                                       Kalimanatan Selatan             43546               2.3            9               2            119          1946
                                                                                                                                                                        Kalimantan Timur               230277             12.18            9               4            110          1300
                                                                                                                                                                        Kalimantan                     574194             30.37           39               9            446          6321
                                                                                                                                                                        Sulawesi Utara                  15273              0.81            4               2             94          1206
                                                                                                                   V i ll a g e s /                                     Sulawesi Tengah                 63678              3.37            8               1             76          1440
      No          R e g e n c y /M u n ic ip a lity                A re a (k m 2 )           S u b -d is tric ts                              H a m le ts               Sulawesi Selatan                62365               3.3           23               3            285          3072
                                                                                                                     W a rd s                                           Sulawesi Tenggara               38140              2.02            4               2             95          1564
                                                                                                                                                                        Gorontalo                       12215              0.65            2               1             32           377
           1   K u lo n P r o g o                                          5 8 6 .2 7                       12                  88                              930     Sulawesi                       191671             10.14           41               9            582          7659
                                                                                                                                                                        Maluku                          46975              2.48            4               1             52           851
           2   B a n tu l                                                  5 0 6 .8 5                       17                  75                              933     Maluku Utara                    30895              1.63            2               1             45           743
                                                                                                                                                                        Papua                          365466             19.33           26               2            199          3578
           3   G u n u n g k id u l                                     1 ,4 8 5 .3 6                       18                144                            1 ,4 3 1   Maluku dan Papua               443336             23.45           32               4            296          5172
           4   S le m a n                                                  5 7 4 .8 2                       17                  86                           1 ,2 1 2   Indonesia                     1890754            100,00          302              89           4918         70460

           5   Y o g y a k a rta                                             3 2 .5 0                       14                  45                              616     Source :
                                                                                                                                                                        1. Berdasarkan Keputusan Menteri Dalam Negeri dan Otonom i Daerah No. 13 Tahun 2001 Tanggal 27 Maret 2001
               T o ta l                                                 3 ,1 8 5 .8 0                       78                438                            5 ,1 2 2   2. Berdasarkan Laporan BPS Propinsi sampai dengan 31 Desember 2002

    S o u r c e : D a ta P o k o k P e m b a n g u n a n D a e r a h P r o p in s i D IY 1 9 9 9 /2 0 0 0

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GEOGRAPHY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Location & Administration 2 -1
Main Report                                                                                                                                             REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                        Special Province of Yogyakarta


                                                                                                                                      YOGYAKARTA MUNICIPALITY


              - Yogyakarta City, built in 1756 (almost 250 years ago), has a total population
                approximately of 500,000 in a total administrative area of 32.5 km2. Considering the Urban
                Agglomeration of Yogyakarta (UAY), which has a total population of 1,3 million, Yogyakarta
                City can be considered as a metropolitant city. The city is situated in Merapi Mountain slope
                with elevation of approximately 117 m above the sea level.
              - The city economy is dominated by the sectors of trade, hotels and restaurants (tourism),
                services, packaging services, communication, and finance. Potential assets of Yogyakarta
                City are cultural and high educational assets, thereby being famous as Cultural City and
                Students City.
              - Kraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat and Malioboro area are the main tourism attractions of
                 Yogyakarta City.
              - The Joint Secretariat of Yogyakarta-Sleman-Bantul (Karmantul Joint Secretariat) is the
                form of inter-municipal cooperation responsible for the joint management of the urban
                infrastructures in UAY.
              - The sectors of trade, tourism, education, and services are potential to be developed.



                    Legend :




                                                                                                                  Demak




                  Batang                Kendal                                   Semarang



                                                                                                                                         Grobogan
                              Temanggung
                                                                                            Salatiga

                              Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                               Boyolali

                                                                                                                                           Sragen
                           Wonosobo

                                                 Magelang


                                                                                                                          Surakarta       Karanganyar

                                                                                  Sleman                  Klaten
                            Purworejo


                                                                                   Yogyakarta


                                          Wates
                                                                              Bantul                   Wonosari                       Wonogiri

                                                 Prop. DIY
                                                                                                                                                                 0       50      100         175m
                                                 Sam
                                                       uder
                                                              aH
                                                                   indi
                                                                          a




                                                                                                                                                                          Basemap Source :
                                                                                                                                                        Topography Map scale 1 : 25 000, Bakosurtanal Tahun 1997




Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                       GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                                                                                                                   Basemap 2 - 2
Main Report                                                                                                                                              REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                          Special Province of Yogyakarta



                                                                                                                                                   SLEMAN CITY


              - As the capital of Sleman Regency, Sleman City is can be said to be a small city with a
                total population of approximately 50,000. The city tends to be a city of administratitive
                services and physically well-known as the office complex of Sleman Regency
                Government. Sleman Regency itself has a total population of 850,000 with a total area of
                574.82 m2.
              - The southern part of Sleman Regency (the sub-districts of Depok, Gamping, and Mlati),
                which are close to Yogyakarta City, are rapid-growing areas covered in the Urban
                Agglomeration of Yogyakarta. Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta State University (
                ex-IKIP), and Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University of Yogyakarta (ex- Sunan Kalijaga
                IAIN) are situated in the UAY.
              - Tourism accomodations also grow in the UAY area. Almost 50% of total star hotels in
                Yogyakarta are situated in the area. The economy is evenly distributed in all sectors,
                especially in the sectors of trade, hotels and restaurants, agriculture, services, and
                manufacturing industries.
              - The sectors, of trade, Tourism, education, services are potential to be developed



                   Legend :




                                                                                                                 Demak




                 Batang                Kendal                                   Semarang



                                                                                                                                        Grobogan
                             Temanggung
                                                                                           Salatiga

                             Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                              Boyolali

                                                                                                                                          Sragen
                          Wonosobo

                                                Magelang


                                                                                                                         Surakarta       Karanganyar

                                                                                 Sleman                  Klaten
                           Purworejo


                                                                                  Yogyakarta


                                         Wates
                                                                                                                                                                   0       50      100         175m
                                                                             Bantul                   Wonosari                       Wonogiri

                                                Prop. DIY

                                                Sam
                                                      uder
                                                             aH
                                                                  indi
                                                                         a
                                                                                                                                                                            Basemap Source :
                                                                                                                                                          Topography Map scale 1 : 25 000, Bakosurtanal Tahun 1997




Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                          GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                                                                                                                         Basemap 2 - 3
Main Report                                                                                                                                            REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                       Special Province of Yogyakarta


                                                                                                                                                BANTUL CITY


              - Bantul City has a total population is of approximately 52,000. Bantul Regency itself with a
                total area of 506.85 km2 has a total population of 800,000.
              - Bantul City lies between Yogyakarta City in the north and Parangtritis and Samas in the
                south. The economy of the city is dominated by the sectors of trade, leather handicraft,
                traditional food industry (geplak), and services (hospitals, administration, bank).
              - Two sub-districts of Bantul Regency, i.e. Banguntapan and Sewon, are rapid-growing areas
                covered into the Urban Agglomeration of Yogyakarta.
              - The sectors of agriculture, small-scale industries (foods and handicrafts) and services
                (tourism, education, and banks) are potential to be developed.




                  Legend :




                                                                                                                 Demak




                 Batang                Kendal                                   Semarang



                                                                                                                                        Grobogan
                             Temanggung
                                                                                           Salatiga

                             Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                              Boyolali

                                                                                                                                          Sragen
                          Wonosobo

                                                Magelang


                                                                                                                         Surakarta       Karanganyar

                                                                                 Sleman                  Klaten
                           Purworejo


                                                                                  Yogyakarta


                                         Wates                                                                                                                  0       50     100         175m
                                                                             Bantul                   Wonosari                       Wonogiri

                                                Prop. DIY

                                                Sam
                                                      uder
                                                             aH
                                                                  indi
                                                                         a
                                                                                                                                                                         Basemap Source :
                                                                                                                                                       Topography Map Scale 1 : 25 000, Bakosurtanal Tahun 1997




Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                        GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                                                                                                                     Basemap 2 - 4
Main Report                                                                                                                                            REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                       Special Province of Yogyakarta



                                                                                                                          WONOSARI CITY



              - Wonosari is the capital city of Gunungkidul Regency. It is located in the center of Gunungkidul
                Regency. Urban community is relatively concentrated in Wonosari City, which has a total
                population of 74,000. Gunungkidul Regency itself, with a total area of 1488.36 km2, has a total
                population of approximately 670,000.
              - The economic growth of Wonosari stays static with the outstanding sectors of trade (mainly
                horticultural products and building materials) and services (banks, public services, including
                transportation).
              - The economy of Gunungkidul Regency is dominated by the sectors of agriculture, including
                husbandries and fisheries.
                The development potentials includes husbandries, fisheries, forest product manufacturing, and
                tourism (eco-tourism).




                  Legend :




                                                                                                                 Demak




                 Batang                Kendal                                   Semarang



                                                                                                                                        Grobogan
                             Temanggung
                                                                                           Salatiga

                             Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                              Boyolali

                                                                                                                                          Sragen
                          Wonosobo

                                                Magelang


                                                                                                                         Surakarta       Karanganyar

                                                                                 Sleman                  Klaten
                           Purworejo


                                                                                  Yogyakarta


                                         Wates                                                                                                                  0       50      100         175m
                                                                             Bantul                   Wonosari                       Wonogiri

                                                Prop. DIY

                                                Sam
                                                      uder
                                                             aH
                                                                  indi
                                                                         a
                                                                                                                                                                         Basemap Source :
                                                                                                                                                       Topography Map scale 1 : 25 000, Bakosurtanal Tahun 1997




Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                        GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                                                                                                                      Basemap 2 - 5
Main Report                                                                                                                                             REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                         Special Province of Yogyakarta



                                                                                                                                                WATES CITY


              - Wates City, that has a total population of 47,000, is the capital of Kulon Progo Regency. Kulon
                Progo Regency itself, with a total area of 586.3 km2, has a total population of 450,000.
              - Wates City grows slowly eventhough the city is situated in south arterial road of Java
                (Yogyakarta-Purworejo-Cilacap-Bandung).
              - Wates City is the administrative centre of Kulon Progo Regency. There are several places of
                famous traditional food industries (jenang, wingko, gula semut).
              - The economy is dominated by the sectors of agriculture, services, and trade.
              - The development potentials includes horticulture cultivation (watermelon, spices, corns), coastal
                tourism (Trisik, Glagah, Congot), mountain tourism (Menoreh, Suralaya




                          Legend :




                                                                                                           Demak



                 Batang                Kendal                                  Semarang



                                                                                                                                     Grobogan
                             Temanggung
                                                                                         Salatiga

                             Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                           Boyolali

                                                                                                                                       Sragen
                          Wonosobo

                                            Magelang

                                                                                                                      Surakarta       Karanganyar

                                                                                Sleman                Klaten
                           Purworejo


                                                                                  Yogyakarta

                                         Wates
                                                                                                                                                                 0       50      100         175m
                                                                             Bantul                 Wonosari                      Wonogiri
                                                Prop. DIY

                                                Sam
                                                      uder
                                                             aH
                                                                  indi
                                                                         a
                                                                                                                                                                          Basemap Source :
                                                                                                                                                        Topography Map scale 1 : 25 000, Bakosurtanal Tahun 1997




Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                         GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                                                                                                                       Basemap 2 - 6
Main Report                                                                                                                                            REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                       Special Province of Yogyakarta


                                                                                                                                         MAGELANG CITY


              - Magelang City has a total area of only 18.12 km2 divided into two sub-districts. There are
                approximately 115,000 people there in total. In the city, there is a mountain called Tidar Mountain in
                which people believe as the "nail" of Java Island.
              - Since the colonial time, this city has been used as a military training base camp. There is a
                Military Academy and Taruna Nusantara High School under the coordination between Taman Siswa
                Educational Institution and the Department of Defence.
              - The economy of this city is dominated by the sectors of services, transport and communication,
                including tourism. Magelang City also serves as a transit city between Yogyakarta and Semarang,
                Temanggung and Wonosobo. Its economic growth is also supported by the presence of two
                 recreational sites of Taman Kyai Langgeng and Taman Gladiol.




                  Legend :




                                                                                                                 Demak




                 Batang                Kendal                                   Semarang



                                                                                                                                        Grobogan
                             Temanggung
                                                                                           Salatiga

                             Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                              Boyolali

                                                                                                                                          Sragen
                          Wonosobo

                                                Magelang


                                                                                                                         Surakarta       Karanganyar

                                                                                 Sleman                  Klaten
                           Purworejo


                                                                                  Yogyakarta                                                                           0   25   50     100 m
                                         Wates
                                                                             Bantul                   Wonosari                       Wonogiri

                                                Prop. DIY
                                                                                                                                                                         Basemap Source :
                                                Sam
                                                      uder
                                                             aH
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Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                         GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                                                                                                                     Basemap 2 - 7
Main Report                                                                                                                                           REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                      Special Province of Yogyakarta



                                                                                                                                      KLATEN CITY



              - Klaten City is the capital of Klaten Regency. There are approximately 150,000 people
                there in total (while Klaten Regency has a total population of 1,200,000).
              - The location is parallel to the City of Yogyakarta, on the foot slope of Merapi
                Mountain. This city is the center of handicrafts, metal foundry and food. There are not
                less than 35,000 industrial units in the entire Klaten, including the foreign investments.
                The economy of Klaten City is dominated by the sectors of trade, hotel and restaurant
                and manufacturing industries.
              - In general, agriculture is the biggest sector in the Regency of Klaten sektor. It is
                famous of its Delanggu rice, tobacco and sugar cane which become their main
                commodities, even for the Province of Central Java.




              Legend :




                                                                                                                Demak




                Batang                Kendal                                   Semarang



                                                                                                                                       Grobogan
                            Temanggung
                                                                                          Salatiga

                            Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                             Boyolali

                                                                                                                                         Sragen
                         Wonosobo

                                               Magelang


                                                                                                                        Surakarta       Karanganyar

                                                                                Sleman                  Klaten
                          Purworejo


                                                                                 Yogyakarta                                                                           0   25   50     100 m

                                        Wates
                                                                            Bantul                   Wonosari                       Wonogiri

                                               Prop. DIY
                                                                                                                                                                        Basemap Source :
                                               Sam
                                                     uder
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Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                        GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                                                                                                                    Basemap 2 - 8
Main Report
                                                                                                                                                   REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                    Special Province of Yogyakarta



                                                                                                                                 SALATIGA CITY



              - Salatiga City is located on the slope of Merbabu with an elevation of between 450 and
                800 m above the sealevel. Its location is very strategic as it can be accessed from
                Semarang, Surakarta and Yogyakarta. With a total area of 56 km2, this city has a total
                population of 150,000 (2,600 people/km2).
              - This cold city has been famous since 1970s due to the presence of Universitas Kristen
                Satya Wacana (UKSW), one of big universities in Indonesia.
              - The economy of this city is dominated by the sectors of services, including univerities, as
                well as industries and trade.




                  Legend :




                                                                                                             Demak




              Batang                Kendal                                  Semarang



                                                                                                                                    Grobogan
                          Temanggung
                                                                                       Salatiga

                          Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                          Boyolali

                                                                                                                                      Sragen
                       Wonosobo

                                             Magelang


                                                                                                                     Surakarta       Karanganyar

                                                                             Sleman                  Klaten
                        Purworejo



                                                                               Yogyakarta


                                       Wates
                                                                                                                                                                   0   25   50    100
                                                                          Bantul                  Wonosari                       Wonogiri

                                             Prop. DIY

                                             Sam
                                                   uder
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                                                               indi
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                                                                      a




Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                     GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                                                                                                                 Basemap 2 - 9
Main Report                                                                                                                                          REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                     Special Province of Yogyakarta


                                                                                                                                       SURAKARTA CITY




              - With the total area of 44 km2, Surakarta City has a total population of 500,000. In
                compared to the other cities, Surakarta can be said to be a metropolitant city.
              - The other name of the city is Sala City. In May 13-14, 1998, there was a mass riot, that
                destroyed most of city economic assets and resulted in economic crisis. This really made the
                city paralyzed. Nevertheless, the city is still famous to be Trade City and Klewer Market is the
                barometer of garments market, especially batik, in Central Java and DIY Provinces.
              - As a Cultural City, Surakarta has two kingdoms, namely Kraton Kasunan Surakarta
                Hadiningrat and Puro Mangkunegaran, that become tourism attractions in Central Java.
              - City economic is dominated by the sectors manufacturing industries (especially related to
                garments and batik) and trade (hotel and restaurant).




                Legend :




                                                                                                               Demak




               Batang                Kendal                                   Semarang



                                                                                                                                      Grobogan
                           Temanggung
                                                                                         Salatiga

                           Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                            Boyolali

                                                                                                                                        Sragen
                        Wonosobo


                                              Magelang

                                                                                                                       Surakarta       Karanganyar

                                                                               Sleman                  Klaten
                         Purworejo



                                                                                Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                     0   25   50     100 m
                                       Wates
                                                                           Bantul                   Wonosari                       Wonogiri

                                              Prop. DIY

                                              Sam
                                                                                                                                                                       Basemap Source :
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                                                    uder
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Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                       GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                                                                                                                   Basemap 2 - 10
MAIN REPORT                                                                                                                                           REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                        Special Province of Yogyakarta



                                                                                                                                    SEMARANG CITY



              - Semarang is the capital city of Central Java Province, that consists of 35 regencies/cities.
                Semarang city has a total area of 373,7 km2 with a total of 1,350,000 population (with a
                population density of 3,615 people/km2). Geographically, Semarang City is divided into two
                Zones, i.e. Candi Zone (Old and New) with an elevation of 270 m above the sealevel and
                Kota Bawah (downtown) Zone with an elevation of between 0.5 and 5 m above the sealevel.
              - Semarang City has been know as a big harbour city, even since the colonial time. Tanjung
                Emas Harbour is one of the assets of Semarang City. It has a strong influence on the other
                regions, including DIY. 60% of export commodities from DIY are shipped through this
                harbour.
              - The economy of Semarang City is dominated by the sectors of trade, hotel and restaurant,
                manufacturing industries and services.




               Legend :




                                                                                                                Demak




                Batang                Kendal                                   Semarang



                                                                                                                                       Grobogan
                            Temanggung
                                                                                          Salatiga

                            Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                             Boyolali

                                                                                                                                         Sragen
                         Wonosobo


                                               Magelang

                                                                                                                        Surakarta       Karanganyar

                                                                                Sleman                  Klaten
                          Purworejo



                                                                                 Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                      0   25   50    100

                                        Wates
                                                                            Bantul                   Wonosari                       Wonogiri

                                               Prop. DIY                                                                                                                Basemap Source :
                                               Sam
                                                     uder
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Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                            GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                                                                                                                    Basemap 2 - 11
Laporan Utama                                                                                                                                          REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                       Special Province of Yogyakarta



                                                                                                                                    WONOGIRI CITY


                · The City of Wonogiri has a total population of 80,000 people, while the Regency of
                  Wonogiri with a total area of 1822,35 km2 has a total population of 970,000 people.
                · The City of Wonogiri is relatively close to the development center in the eastern part of
                  East Java, i.e. the City of Surakarta. However, this regency has the biggest number of
                  out-migrants going to big cities, like Jakarta.
                · The economic activities are mostly dominated by the agricultural sector (55%), the
                  followed by the sectors of services, transportation and communication. The potential
                  commodities are cassava and cashew nuts.
                · Development potentials: The City of Wonogiri serves as a center of administrative
                  services and commercial activities, especialy for its hinterlands. Meanwhile, the Regency
                  of Wonogiri is potential for dry-land cultivation (cassava and cashew nuts), fishery,
                  handicraft, and tourism.




                     Legend :




                                                                                                               Demak




                 Batang                Kendal                                   Semarang



                                                                                                                                       Grobogan
                             Temanggung
                                                                                         Salatiga

                             Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                            Boyolali

                                                                                                                                         Sragen
                          Wonosobo


                                                Magelang


                                                                                                                       Surakarta        Karanganyar

                                                                                Sleman                 Klaten
                           Purworejo



                                                                                  Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                   Wonogiri
                                         Wates
                                                                                                                                                                       0   25   50     100
                                                                             Bantul                 Wonosari

                                                Prop. DIY

                                                Sam
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                                                                                                                                                                        Sumber Peta Dasar :
                                                                                                                                                      Peta Topografi skala 1 : 25 000, Bakosurtanal Tahun 1997
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Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                              GEOGRAFI
                                                                                                                                                                                     Basemap 2 - 12
Laporan Utama                                                                                                                                               REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                            Special Province of Yogyakarta



                                                                                                                                     PURWOREJO CITY
                                                                                                                                                        ·

                · Purworejo City has a total population of 100,000 people, while the Regency of Purworejo,
                  with a total area of 1034,82 km2, has a total population of 705,000 people. The City of
                  Purworejo, with a total area of 52 km2, lies in the south part of Java Island. Based on "Kayu
                   Ara Hiwang" ancient inscription found in 901 AD, the city is now 1004 years old. The ancient
                  inscription was found in Banyuurip, a village located in the southern part of Purworejo City.
                · So far, the city only serves as an agricultural-based back country within the Island of Java
                  Kota. Functionally, the City of Purworejo serves as the Capital City of Purworejo Regency.
                  This city is less prospective compared to the sub-district of Kutoarjo. The sub-district
                   is more prospective because it is passed by the arterial road and rail road connecting
                  Yogyakarta--Bandung and Jakarta.
                · Development potentials: the city serves as a center of administrative services and local
                  commercial activities. In general, the development of Purworejo Regency is based on such
                  sectors as agriculture, services and tourism. The development of south-south corridor
                  will be able to improve the economic condition of Purworejo Regency.




                Legend :




                                                                                                                 Demak




                  Batang                Kendal                                   Semarang



                                                                                                                                         Grobogan
                              Temanggung
                                                                                           Salatiga

                              Prop. Jawa Tengah
                                                                                                              Boyolali

                                                                                                                                           Sragen
                           Wonosobo


                                                 Magelang


                                                                                                                         Surakarta        Karanganyar

                                                                                  Sleman                 Klaten
                            Purworejo



                                                                                   Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                             0   25   50     100
                                                                                                                                     Wonogiri
                                          Wates
                                                                              Bantul                  Wonosari

                                                 Prop. DIY                                                                                                                    Sumber Peta Dasar :
                                                 Sam
                                                                                                                                                            Peta Topografi skala 1 : 25 000, Bakosurtanal Tahun 1997
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Triple-A                                                                                                                                                                                     GEOGRAFI
                                                                                                                                                                                           Basemap 2 - 13
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                     G R D P D IY ( In M Il lio n R p a t C o n s t a n t 1 9 9 3   P r ic e s )
                           Shares of Economic Sectors to Total GRDP in 2002                                          No.
                                                                                                                     1     A g r ic u ltu r e
                                                                                                                                                      S e c to r                         1993
                                                                                                                                                                                       7 8 1 ,3 4 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                           1994
                                                                                                                                                                                                          8 0 0 ,4 5 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1995
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8 3 3 ,0 0 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1996
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               8 8 4 ,8 5 9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1997
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 9 1 4 ,6 0 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1998
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   8 6 5 ,3 9 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1999
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     8 1 7 ,8 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        9 0 1 ,3 8 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           8 8 6 ,9 9 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              8 3 5 ,9 8 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0 2 /9 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                9 1 .4 %
                                                                                                                     2     M in in g a n d Q u a r r y i n g                             5 9 ,2 7 0         6 4 ,0 4 5        6 7 ,7 1 4         6 9 ,9 6 0        7 1 ,5 4 8        6 0 ,2 5 1        6 0 ,4 7 6         6 0 ,5 5 5         6 0 ,9 1 7         6 1 ,0 1 8      8 5 .3 %
                                                                                        Agriculture                  3     In d u s tr y                                               5 1 1 ,4 3 9       6 0 1 ,9 1 7      6 3 5 ,0 0 2       6 9 4 ,7 2 4      7 0 1 ,9 7 6      6 5 9 ,8 1 6      6 8 2 ,4 4 0       6 6 4 ,1 1 5       6 7 7 ,4 8 6       7 0 5 ,1 5 7    1 0 0 .5 %
                                                                                                                     4     E le c tr ic ity , G a s a n d W a t e r                      2 0 ,2 3 0         2 3 ,9 9 4        2 5 ,8 1 5         2 8 ,8 9 6        3 1 ,3 7 4        3 1 ,4 2 9        3 5 ,3 4 4         3 8 ,1 2 8         3 9 ,0 0 5         4 0 ,5 4 7    1 2 9 .2 %
                                                                                                                     5     C o n s t r u c tio n                                       4 2 2 ,3 0 0       4 5 1 ,4 6 8      4 9 3 ,8 9 1       5 3 2 ,8 2 7      5 5 2 ,8 5 3      3 7 1 ,3 4 5      3 8 3 ,2 6 9       4 0 0 ,8 5 9       4 1 2 ,3 5 5       4 5 5 ,0 4 6      8 2 .3 %
                                                                                        Mining and Quarrying         6     T ra d e                                                    6 2 3 ,5 6 1       6 7 6 ,1 6 7      7 3 3 ,3 6 8       7 9 7 ,9 3 9      8 2 8 ,2 9 9      7 4 2 ,5 8 0      7 6 1 ,0 0 7       7 9 1 ,6 2 1       8 4 6 ,6 3 4       8 6 3 ,1 2 4    1 0 4 .2 %
                                                                                                                     7     T r a n s p o r ta t io n a n d C o m m u n ic a tio n      4 6 7 ,2 6 3       5 0 2 ,3 7 1      5 3 8 ,5 3 7       5 7 5 ,2 9 3      5 9 3 ,4 5 9      5 4 1 ,2 8 0      5 5 2 ,8 1 2       6 0 9 ,5 9 4       6 7 2 ,9 2 2       7 0 6 ,7 2 8    1 1 9 .1 %
                                                                                        Industry                     8     F in a n c e a n d R e la te d S e rv ic e s                4 1 5 ,6 0 9       4 4 4 ,8 6 2      4 9 9 ,9 2 0       5 4 4 ,3 5 6      5 6 7 ,4 6 2      5 2 7 ,4 7 2      5 3 1 ,0 0 7       5 2 4 ,5 1 2       5 4 3 ,4 7 1       6 0 3 ,3 9 7    1 0 6 .3 %
                                                                                                                     9     S e r v ic e s                                              8 3 4 ,5 1 6       9 0 1 ,0 2 8      9 9 5 ,3 3 8    1 ,0 6 7 ,1 4 3   1 ,1 1 6 ,9 5 0      9 7 7 ,6 3 1   1 ,0 0 0 ,2 7 9    1 ,0 2 6 ,9 4 6    1 ,0 4 2 ,7 6 4    1 ,0 8 6 ,6 6 5      9 7 .3 %
                                                      15.6%                                                                T o ta l G R D P                                         4 ,1 3 5 ,5 2 9    4 ,4 6 6 ,3 0 9   4 ,8 2 2 ,5 8 5    5 ,1 9 5 ,9 9 7   5 ,3 7 8 ,5 2 5   4 ,7 7 7 ,1 9 9   4 ,8 2 4 ,4 4 5    5 ,0 1 7 ,7 1 0    5 ,1 8 2 ,5 4 4    5 ,3 5 7 ,6 6 9      9 9 .6 %
                          20.3%                                                         Electricity, Gas and Water         % C h a n g e in T o t a l G R D P                                                 8 .0 0 %          7 .9 8 %           7 .7 4 %          3 .5 1 %       -1 1 .1 8 %          0 .9 9 %           4 .0 1 %           3 .2 9 %           3 .3 8 %
                                                              1.1%                                                         P o p u la t io n                                        2 ,9 6 9 ,1 7 8    2 ,9 9 0 ,5 0 2   3 ,0 1 1 ,9 7 9    3 ,0 3 3 ,6 1 0   3 ,0 5 5 ,3 9 7   3 ,0 7 7 ,3 4 1   3 ,0 9 9 ,4 4 1    3 ,1 2 1 ,7 0 1    3 ,1 4 4 ,1 2 0    3 ,1 6 6 ,7 0 1
                                                                                        Construction                       % C h a n g e in P o p u la tio n                                                  0 .7 2 %          0 .7 2 %           0 .7 2 %          0 .7 2 %          0 .7 2 %          0 .7 2 %           0 .7 2 %           0 .7 2 %           0 .7 2 %
                                                                                                                           P e r C a p it a G R D P ( R p )                         1 ,3 9 2 ,8 1 9    1 ,4 9 3 ,4 9 8   1 ,6 0 1 ,1 3 5    1 ,7 1 2 ,8 1 0   1 ,7 6 0 ,3 3 6   1 ,5 5 2 ,3 7 9   1 ,5 5 6 ,5 5 3    1 ,6 0 7 ,3 6 4    1 ,6 4 8 ,3 2 9    1 ,6 9 1 ,8 7 7      9 6 .1 %
                                                                     13.2%
                                                                                                                           % C h a n g e in P e r C a p it a G R D P                               -          7 .2 3 %          7 .2 1 %           6 .9 7 %          2 .7 7 %       -1 1 .8 1 %          0 .2 7 %           3 .2 6 %           2 .5 5 %           2 .6 4 %
                                                                                        Trade
                                                                                                                     Source: DIY dalam Angka 2002
                                                                                        Transportation and
               11.3%                                                                    Communication
                                                                                        Finance and Related
                                                                       0.8%
                                                                                        Services                     G R D P D I Y : S e c t o ra l S h a r e t o T o t a l
                                                                8.5%                    Services                      No.                               S e c to r                                     1993              1994               1995              1996              1997              1998              1999               2000               2001               2002
                        13.2%                                                                                        1     A g r ic u lt u r e                                                           1 8 .9 %          1 7 .9 %           1 7 .3 %          1 7 .0 %          1 7 .0 %          1 8 .1 %          1 7 .0 %           1 8 .0 %           1 7 .1 %          1 5 .6 %
                                              16.1%                                                                  2     M in in g a n d Q u a r r y in g                                                1 .4 %            1 .4 %             1 .4 %            1 .3 %            1 .3 %            1 .3 %            1 .3 %             1 .2 %             1 .2 %             1 .1 %
                                                                                                                     3     I n d u s tr y                                                                1 2 .4 %          1 3 .5 %           1 3 .2 %          1 3 .4 %          1 3 .1 %          1 3 .8 %          1 4 .1 %           1 3 .2 %           1 3 .1 %           1 3 .2 %
                                                                                                                     4     E le c t r ic i ty , G a s a n d W a t e r                                      0 .5 %            0 .5 %             0 .5 %            0 .6 %            0 .6 %            0 .7 %            0 .7 %             0 .8 %             0 .8 %             0 .8 %
 Source : DIY Dalam Angka 2002                                                                                       5     C o n s tr u c t io n                                                         1 0 .2 %          1 0 .1 %           1 0 .2 %          1 0 .3 %          1 0 .3 %            7 .8 %            7 .9 %             8 .0 %             8 .0 %             8 .5 %
                                                                                                                     6     T ra d e                                                                      1 5 .1 %          1 5 .1 %           1 5 .2 %          1 5 .4 %          1 5 .4 %          1 5 .5 %          1 5 .8 %           1 5 .8 %           1 6 .3 %          1 6 .1 %
                           Annual Sectoral Growth Rates from 1994 to 2002                                            7
                                                                                                                     8
                                                                                                                           T r a n s p o r t a tio n a n d C o m m u n ic a t io n
                                                                                                                           F in a n c e a n d R e la t e d S e r v ic e s
                                                                                                                                                                                                         1 1 .3 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                         1 0 .0 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1 1 .2 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1 0 .0 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 1 .2 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 0 .4 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 1 .1 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1 0 .5 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 1 .0 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 0 .6 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 1 .3 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 1 .0 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 1 .5 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 1 .0 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 2 .1 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1 0 .5 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1 3 .0 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1 0 .5 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 3 .2 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 1 .3 %
       30.0%                                                                                                         9     S e r v ic e s                                                                2 0 .2 %          2 0 .2 %           2 0 .6 %          2 0 .5 %          2 0 .8 %          2 0 .5 %          2 0 .7 %           2 0 .5 %           2 0 .1 %           2 0 .3 %
                                                                                                                           T o ta l                                                                    1 0 0 .0 %        1 0 0 .0 %         1 0 0 .0 %        1 0 0 .0 %        1 0 0 .0 %        1 0 0 .0 %        1 0 0 .0 %         1 0 0 .0 %         1 0 0 .0 %         1 0 0 .0 %
                                                                                                                     Source: DIY dalam Angka 2002
       20.0%


       10.0%
                                                                                                                      G R D P D IY : G ro w th R ate s
                                                                                                                      No.                          S ecto r                             19 94           19 95            19 96             19 97         19 98          19 99           20 00           20 01          20 02   10 -Yr A ve. A ve. 93 -97 A ve.                   98 -02
        0.0%                                                                                                          1     A gric ulture                                                 2.4%            4.1%             6.2%              3.4%         -5.4%          -5.5%           10 .2%          -1.6%          -5.8%        0.9%         4.0%                           -1.6%
                                                                                                                      2     M inin g a nd Q u arry ing                                    8.1%            5.7%             3.3%              2.3%        -15 .8%          0.4%            0.1%            0.6%           0.2%        0.5%         4.8%                           -2.9%
                 1994           1995   1996   1997     1998     1999             2000           2001      2002
                                                                                                                      3     Indus try                                                    17 .7%           5.5%             9.4%              1.0%         -6.0%           3.4%           -2.7%            2.0%           4.1%        3.8%         8.4%                            0.2%
      -10.0%                                                                                                          4     E lec tric ity , G a s a nd W ate r                          18 .6%           7.6%            11 .9%             8.6%          0.2%          12 .5%           7.9%            2.3%           4.0%        8.2%        11 .7%                           5.4%
                                                                              Agriculture                             5     C o nstru c tio n                                             6.9%            9.4%             7.9%              3.8%        -32 .8%          3.2%            4.6%            2.9%          10 .4%       1.8%         7.0%                           -2.4%
                                                                              Mining and Quarrying                    6     T ra de                                                       8.4%            8.5%             8.8%              3.8%        -10 .3%          2.5%            4.0%            6.9%           1.9%        3.8%         7.4%                            1.0%
      -20.0%                                                                  Industry                                7     T ra nspo rtation an d C om m u nic ation                     7.5%            7.2%             6.8%              3.2%         -8.8%           2.1%           10 .3%          10 .4%          5.0%        4.9%         6.2%                            3.8%
                                                                              Electricity, Gas and Water              8     F inanc e an d R ela ted S erv ice s                          7.0%           12 .4%            8.9%              4.2%         -7.0%           0.7%           -1.2%            3.6%          11 .0%       4.4%         8.1%                            1.4%
                                                                              Construction                            9     S erv ic e s                                                  8.0%           10 .5%            7.2%              4.7%        -12 .5%          2.3%            2.7%            1.5%           4.2%        3.2%         7.6%                           -0.3%
      -30.0%                                                                  Trade                                         T o ta l G R D P                                              8.0%            8.0%             7.7%              3.5%        -11 .2%          1.0%            4.0%            3.3%           3.4%         3.1%         6.8%                           0.1%
                                                                              Transportation and Communication       Source: DIY Dalam Angka 2002
                                                                              Finance and Related Serv ices
      -40.0%                                                                  Services
                                                                              Total GRDP

 Sumber : DIY Dalam Angka 2002                                                                                        Strength                                                                                                                           Weakness
                                                                                                                      The strengths of the provincial economy are as follows:                                                                            •   The factors ushering the trend can at the same time be
                                                                                                                      •    There is enough indication that the aforementioned                                                                                considered as the weaknesses of the provincial economy. In
Structure and Performance of Regional Economy                                                                              development policy is bearing fruit with the strength shown by                                                                    addition, there is also the lack of natural resources and the
                                                                                                                           Construction, Trade, and Services sectors.                                                                                        inability to support large-scale industries. The undue bias
Facts                                                                                                                 •    In spite of disruptions in other parts of the country, the province                                                               toward the tertiary sector may have caused the continuing
                                                                                                                           has been able to maintain a stable peace and order situation.                                                                     decline of the primary sector.
• With gross regional domestic product (GRDP) in 2002 of Rp 5,358 billion, the economy of DIY
                                                                                                                      Opportunity                                                                                                                        Threat
    can be said to have returned to the level prior to the economic crisis that was 99.6% of the 1997
                                                                                                                      From the general performance of the provincial economy, the                                                                        The following threats can be identified:
    leve. However, based on the current economic growth of 3.4%, this figure is much lower than                       following opportunities can be derived:                                                                                            •   The continuing decline in agricultural production could
    that prior to the economic crisis, which was 8%.                                                                  •    Based on its past performance, there is a possibility of                                                                          exacerbate the already serious problem of rural poverty.
• The biggest contributor to the GDP is the Services sector. Its share was 20.3%.                                          reinvigorating agriculture, especially livestock, which expanded                                                              •   Displaced farm workers, with inadequate skills for employment
• Trade sector has overtaken agriculture, accounting for 16.1% of the regional output in 2002                              by 35.8% in 2000. Also, it is important to note that about 50% of                                                                 in other sectors, could continue migrating to cities in search of
    compared to Agriculture’s 15.6%.                                                                                       the livestock consumed in the province is of external origin.                                                                     employment, worsening such urban problems as crime,
 Trend                                                                                                                •    There is also the possibility of hastening the already observable                                                                 congestion, and inadequate public services.
• The economy of the province will continue to expand, at a relatively slower pace.                                        trend of broadening the reach of the province’s retail trade sub-                                                             •   Disruptions in peace and order in other parts of the country
                                                                                                                           sector to encompass areas of Central Java.                                                                                        would surely have adverse effects on the provincial economy.
• The economy of the province will shift to the tertiary sector. This is indicated by the increasing
    contribution of the services sector and the declining contribution of the agricultural sector.
Factor
                                                                                                                       Potentials                                                                                                                        Constraints
• The province has relatively small area of arable fertile land.                                                       •   There is a possibility to develop the agricltural sector,                                                                     •  The land price is high because of the land speculator.
• Moreover, there has been a sustained conversion of arable fertile land into other uses, mostly                          especially horticulture, livestocks, fishery which still come from                                                             •  Taffic jams take place, especially in the urban centers.
    residential and commercial/industrial.                                                                                other regions.                                                                                                                 •  The business climate has not been conducive, indicated by
• Official policy favors the tertiary sector, with the positioning of the province as a center of                      •   The trade sector is potential to be developed, especially                                                                        inefficient permit application, no legal guarantee, lack of
    tourism, culture, education, and retail trade.                                                                        handicrafts (stones, wood, batik, leather, ceramic, etc.)                                                                         information, and poor spatial zoning.
                                                                                                                       •   The services sector (tourism accomodations and high                                                                           •  The image of ‘the cuty of education and culture’ has recently
                                                                                                                          educational facilities) is also potential to be developed.                                                                        got faded.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ECONOMY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                GDRP 3 - 1
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                           DIY 's Exports, 1995, 2002 & 2003
                                                                                           C ra ft S e c to r
                                                                                                                                                                         1995
                                                                                              §
                                                                                              §
                                                                                              §   C r a ft                              Commodity                                         2002           2003
                                                                                              E
                                                                                              E
                                                                                              E   T e x tile                                                          (pre-crisis)
                                                                                                                           Handicraft and
                                                                                                                                                                               33,319     105,201
                                                                                                                           Industry Product           US $ 000                                           108,237
                                                                                                                                                                                    -      37,000
                                                                                                                                                      Tons                                                33,025
                                                                                                                           Fishery and
                                                                                                                                                                                    -       4,938
                                                                                                                           Agriculture Products       US $ 000                                             7,082
                                                                                                                                                                                    -          232
                                                                                                                                                      Tons                                                 2,618
                                                                                                                                                                                 125              -             -
                                                                                                                           Others                     US $ 000
                                                                                                                                                                                    -             -             -
                                                                                                                                                      Tons
                                                                                                                                                                               33,444
                                                                                                                           Total Exports              US $ 000                            110,139        115,319
                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                      Tons                                 37,232         35,643
                                                                                                                           Source: Industry and Trade Services, DIY, BPS DIY Province


                                                                                                                           Export of Handicraft and Industri Product DIY Province
                                                                                                                           1998-2003 (US$ 000)

                                                                                                                               Commodity                       1998                     2000                        2002                  2003
                                                                                                                           Wooden Furniture                           15,029                   20,503                      31,659                30,570
                                                                                                                           Textiles                                   36,530                   41,385                      26,699                38,447
                                                                                                                           Various Hadicrafts*                           506                     1,748                      4,209                10,242
                                                                                                                           Gloves, Tanned
                                                                                                                           Leather & Leather                          23,725                   13,251                      24,263                21,221
                                                                                                                           Products
                                                                                                                           Others                                     17,375                   19,987                      23,310                 7,756
                                                                                                                           Total                                      93,165                   96,874                  110,140                108,236
      Source : Dinas Perindustrian                                                                                        Source: Industry and Trade Services, DIY

                                                                                                                           Strengths                                                        Weaknesses
Handicrafts                                                                                                                •   Available skilled work force and close relationship
                                                                                                                               with educational institutions and art designers/artists.
                                                                                                                                                                                            •
                                                                                                                                                                                            •
                                                                                                                                                                                               Varied product quality standards.
                                                                                                                                                                                               Other region is still relied on as a medium for DIY’s
                                                                                                                           •   Every municipality/city in DIY has specific craft               export commodities marketing.
                                                                                                                               commodities.                                                 •  Less awareness of “Yogyakarta” brand as an identify
Facts                                                                                                                      •   Strong synergy with tourism strengthening program.              and product quality guarantee.
• Crafts are considered to be one of the most important sectors of Yogyakarta’s local economy. About 40% of the            •   Open international routes and increase in national           •  Too low labor wages.
   total number of industries or 30,587 work units in Yogyakarta is in craft industry. The export value of Yogyakarta’s        routes in Adisucipto Airport.
   craft products is US$ 108 million, accounting for about 12% of the total national export value of craft products in     Opportunities                                                    Threats
   2003                                                                                                                    •   Very potential Yogyakarta’s tourist attractions,             •   DIY’s less competitive craft commodities compared to
                                                                                                                               including its potential for MICE.                                that of other region/country optimizing its resources
• The major crafts of Yogyakarta are: furniture, batik, silver items, shoes/suitcases, terracotta/ ceramic items, etc.
                                                                                                                           •   Yogyakarta also a target for handicraft marketing                through efficient production process, standardized-
   Textile handicrafts (batik), wooden products and leather products are also competitive advantage of DIY’scraft.                                                                              product quality, and coordinated marketing.
                                                                                                                               promotion at regional to national level.
• Craft productions are conducted mostly by home industries and following four types of small and medium                   •   Diversified types of handicraft are suitable to market       •   Lost skilled work force to other region/country.
   enterprises (SMEs).                                                                                                         demand, but still indicate the specific products of
Trends                                                                                                                         Yogyakarta.
• In 2001 craft businesses accounted for 24,167 and in 2002, they decreased to 23,033. The export value of craft in
   2003 also decreased by 1.7%, which it increased annually by 3.2% during the period between 1998 and 2003.               Development Potentials                                           Development Constraints
• Handicrafts for the next 5-10 years will be the major export of DIY.                                                     •  Development of culture villages producing                     •  No inter-municipal agreement to make a kind of
• There is an indication that raw material for wooden sub-products (furniture) will be difficult to find.                     handicrafts.                                                     ‘Jogja Inc’ for craft products of each
Factors                                                                                                                    •  Research and development of DIY’s handicraft                     regency/municipality.
• Decrease in number of craft businesses and also export value due to business regrouping, while decrease of                  products quality, inclusive of Jogja Labeling.                •  Product standardization and labeling are still partially
   export value is due to market fluctuation at reasonable level.                                                          •  Development of fair-trade and eco-labeling for                   made.
                                                                                                                              Yogya’s handicraft products.
• Potential demand for specific DIY’s craft commodities (batik and wooden items).
                                                                                                                           •  Development of ‘Jogja Inc.’ for Yogya’s handicraft
• International demand for high-quality handicrafts is less supported by adequate resources, considering that best-           products.
   quality wood is scarce, costly and needs decades of cultivation.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ECONOMY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Handicraft 3 - 7
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Special Province of Yogyakarta
Poverty
                                                                                                                                                               Poverty Incidence
Facts                                                                                                                                                             Area              1999                                 2002                      Perubahan
   • The poverty incidence (based on the data from BPS, 2004) declined from 790,000 people or 25.49% in 1999                                                                  People                     %           People           %           People     %
      to 635,700 people or 20.1% in 2002. The percentage of poverty incidence in DIY is relatively lower compared                                              Kota
      to that of the national level, but higher compared to that of the island group of Java and Bali.                                                         National       12,400,000                 15.10     13,300,000        14.46          900,000    7.26
   • With regards to the life expectancy, literacy, access to clean water, access to health facilities and nutrition, the                                      Jawa-Bali      11,300,000                 20.16      9,300,000        14.30       (2,000,000) -17.70
      Human Poverty Index (HPI) of DIY in 2002 was in the second rank after DKI.                                                                               DIY               480,000                 23.81        300,000        16.17         (180,000) -37.50
   • With regards to the life expectancy, educational levels and household expenses, the Human Development                                                     Desa
      Index (HDI) of DIY was in the third rank after DKI and North Sulawesi. It shows that the human development                                               National       25,100,000                 20.20     25,100,000        21.10              0.00   0.00
      level in DIY is relatively high in Indonesia.                                                                                                            Jawa-Bali      17,500,000                 26.00     12,600,000        20.25       (4,900,000) -28.00
   • With regards to the GRDP per capita based on both current and constant prices, GRDP per capita in Kulon                                                   DIY               310,000                 30.79        330,000        25.96         20000.00    6.45
      Progo Regency is the lowest, and even lower than the national poverty incidence.                                                                         Total
Trend                                                                                                                                                          National       37,500,000                 25.20     38,400,000        25.01          900,000    2.40
   • While the regional economy has continued to grow since 1999, this growth has not been evenly distributed                                                  Jawa-Bali      28,800,000                 23.08     21,900,000        17.28       (6,900,000) -23.96
      among the provincial population. There is an observable trend, wherein the fruits of economic growth are                                                 DIY               790,000                 25.49        630,000        19.89         (160,000) -20.25
      mostly enjoyed by the urban population as demonstrated by the higher incidence of poverty (37,5%) as well as                                             Source: BPS 2004
      the lower rate of poverty reduction in the rural areas of the province (-6,45%).

Factors
   • One of the factors bringing about the foregoing trend is the continuing decline of outputs from Agriculture,
       which in 2002 further declined by 5.8% after a contraction of 1.6% in 2001. Behind this is the apparent
       investment bias toward the tertiary sectors and the corresponding de-emphasis of the primary sectors.

Poverty Line Per Capita (In Rp)
                                                                  1999                                                         2002
          Per Capita Income
                                                   Kota                           Desa                         Kota                         Desa
   Per month                                                89.845                          69.420                     130.499                       96.512
   Per year                                               1,078.140                        833.040                    1.565.988                    1.158.144
Source: Statistik Indonesia 2002
                                                                                                                                                               Strengths                                                            Weaknesses
GRDP Per Capita in DIY and Five Constituent Municipalities (In Rp, Constant Price 1993)                                                                        • Human Poverty Index (HDI) and Human Development                    • Economic expansion in DIY averaging at about 2.2% per
                                                                                                                                                                   Index (HDI) in DIY are cosidered the highest in Indonesia.           year during the last two years is just not adequate to make
                                                   1999                                       2002                                    % Change                     Adequate health service, high life-expectance and low infant         significant inroads into poverty reduction and provide
               Area
                                     Current                Nominal              Current             Nominal                 Current             Nominal           mortality are the strengths of DIY in the context of pro-poor.       employment to all segments of the population that may be
    DIY                                1,556,553              3,795,195            1,691,877           5,215,431                  8.69%              37.42%    • There is also a thriving shadow economy in the informal                considered at economically productive age groups.
    Kulon Progo Regency                    932,317             2,450,865               992,126         2,988,247                  6.42%              21.93%        sector represented by the ubiquitous ambulant vendors            • There likewise is an uneven distribution of the results of
                                                                                                                                                                   (pedagang kaki lima) that provides income and thus serves            economic growth, causing poverty to be more and more
    Bantul Regency                       1,062,871             2,597,779              1,127,128        3,470,523                  6.05%              33.60%
                                                                                                                                                                   as a safety net for both urban and rural dwellers alike.             concentrated in rural areas.
    Gunungkidul Regency                  1,354,421             2,998,830              1,430,572        3,877,682                  5.62%              29.31%    Opportunities                                                        Threats
    Sleman Regency                       1,580,859             3,573,625              1,688,262        5,188,757                  6.79%              45.20%    • There is ample room for further boosting agricultural              • The continuing preference accorded to the tertiary sector,
    Yogyakarta City                      3,281,726             7,189,956              3,662,186       10,594,545                  11.59%             47.35%        productivity to somehow ease the income disparity between            even among policy makers, could continue to threaten the
Source: Derived from Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Dalam Angka 2001 and 2002                                                                                          the urban and rural areas. Among those that might be                 viability of economic activities in the primary sector, further
                                                                                                                                                                   considered as potential bright spots in agriculture are              worsening the urban-rural income disparity and the
Welfare of DIY Province and Neighboring Provinces, 2002                                                                                                            livestock, and fisheries, which has continued to grow year           concentration of the poor in rural areas.
                 Percentage of Poverty  Human Poverty                         HPI      Human Development         HDI
  Regions                                                                                                                                                          by year, except at the height of the national crisis in 1998.    • Rural people may develop the impression that they are
                      Incidence              Index                          Ranking          Index             Ranking
                                                                                                                                                               • The opening up of the province to international commercial             caught in a vicious cycle of declining agricultural outputs
DIY                                         20,1                  16,1            2                     70,8             3                                         aviation should enable farm produce to fetch higher prices           and increasing poverty, which may trigger massive
   Kulon Progo                              25,1                  17,7           63                     69,4            76                                         from export markets.                                                 migration from rural to urban areas in search of economic
          Bantul                            19,8                    17           53                     68,4            94                                                                                                              opportunities. This, in turn, could cause disruptions in public
   Gunungkidul                              25,9                  16,4           47                     67,1           140                                                                                                              services and rapid degradation in urban living conditions
        Slem an                             16,7                  15,1           33                     72,7            30
    Yogyakarta                              14,5                  14,3           28                     75,3             3
Central Jav a                               23,1                    21            6                     66,3            13                                      Potentials                                                           Constraints
East Jav a                                  21,9                  21,7            7                     64,1            25                                          • The poverty reduction starts from the rural areas by           •   Potential workers in the rural areas migrate to the urban
W est Java                                  13,4                    23           11                     65,8            17                                              strengthening the economic performance of the                    areas.
DKI                                          3,4                  13,2            1                     75,6             1
                                                                                                                                                                        agricultural sector.                                         •   The development of big economic facilities neglects that of
Source: BPS 2004
                                                                                                                                                                    •   It is necessary to give training to the urban open               the grass-root economic facilities.
                                                                                                                                                                        unemployment.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ECONOMY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   General 3 - 2
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                           REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Special Province of Yogyakarta



           CITIES DIY-CENTRAL JAVA




                                Java Island

                                                                            Source : Topographical Map , Bakosurtanal




                                                                                                                                                       Comparison of Export Earnings in 2002

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Nominal GRDP (In                Export as
                                                                                                                              Region                         Exp 2002             Rp Equiv
                 Indian Ocean                                                                                                                                                                          Million Rp)                  % of GRDP
                                                                                                                                                         (In US$ Million)        (In Million)
                                                                                                                              DIY                                         110         991.260                    16.515.712                    6,0%
                                                                                                                              Central Java                              1.950      17.550.000                   156.418.300                   11,2%

                                                                                                                              Source : DIY – Jawa Tengah Dalam Angka, 2002
Inter-Regional Linkages
                                                                                                                              Strength                                                      Weakness
                                                                                                                              •   The inward orientation of the regional economy can be     Such orientation, however, becomes a weakness when the
Facts                                                                                                                             considered a strength as it is generally shielded from    regional economy itself cannot generate sufficient internal
• GRDP figures, by themselves, give little indications on inter-dependencies between DIY and other regions in then                the disruptive cycles of external markets.                demand for economic expansion, as suggested by the
   country, such as the adjacent province of Central Java. For example, there is hardly any data as to what amount                                                                          relatively higher incidence of poverty in the province
   and proportion of DIY’s outputs are exported to other regions and, conversely, to what extent the province is                                                                            compared to the national average. It also becomes a
                                                                                                                                                                                            weakness when the province itself is dependent on the
   dependent on other regions for its various needs.Whatever indications are available or can be derived from GRDP
                                                                                                                                                                                            production of other regions to support its consumption.
   figures present, at best, incomplete pictures, and are used here keeping in mind this caveat
                                                                                                                              Opportunity                                                   Threat
• Based on exports to other countries, DIY can be considered a relatively inward looking economy. Exports in 2002             •  Existing figures suggest that there is opportunity for     •    Disruptions in the supply chain, as what happened
   amounted to US$ 110 million was only about 6% of GRDP at current prices. In contrast, Central Java’s total export             increasing exports as a percentage of GRDP. For                 during the height of the crisis in 1998, could at the
   earnings of US$ 1.95 billion accounted for over 11.2% of its nominal GRDP in 2002. In 1989, the year in which                 example, for DIY’s export to just approximate the               same easily disrupt the supply of imported basic
   data are available, DIY was a net importer to the extent of 28.1% of its GRDP.                                                proportion in Central Java would already mean a                 commodities to the province.
• DIY imported as much as 60.5% of its consumption of cattle, goats, and sheep, and about the same proportion of                 doubling of export earnings.
   its needs for poultry                                                                                                      •  At the same time, import-substitution appears a widely
                                                                                                                                 open field, especially the production of foodstuff, such
Trend                                                                                                                            as cattle and poultry.
• The foregoing indications seem to suggest that DIY is economically more dependent on other regions in Indonesia
   rather than the other way around, especially to supplement its inadequate production of foodstuff..                        Potentials                                                    Constraints
Factors                                                                                                                       •   It is necessary to conduct a regional coordination        •  Inter-regional competition with the same services and
                                                                                                                                 among DIY and the neighbouring                                captive markets.
• The factors already cited in relation to other aspects of regional economic structure and performance are likewise             provinces/regencies/cities to anticipate the
   valid here. Such factors include the limited arable fertile land of the province, its limited natural resources, and the      development the southern area. For instance: the
   continuing emphasis on the performance of the tertiary sector to fuel economic growth.                                        development poultry products, fish-processing factory,
                                                                                                                                 tourism, education, health, etc.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ECONOMY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                            GDRP 3 - 3
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                           Annual Growth Rates of GRDP of DIY and Its Constituent                                                               Comparison of Per Capita GRDP of DIY and Its Constituent
                                                                                                                                                               Municipalities                                                                                                       Municipalities
                                                                                                                      15.00%

                                                                                                                      10.00%                                                                                                                            4,000,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3,500,000
                                                                                                                       5.00%                                                                                                                            3,000,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2,500,000
                                                                                                                       0.00%                                                                                                                            2,000,000
                                                                                                                                      1994      1995        1996          1997          1998          1999       2000      2001          2002           1,500,000
                                                                                                                       -5.00%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1,000,000
                                                                                                                      -10.00%                                                                                                                            500,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                      -15.00%                                                                                                                                         1993   1994      1995      1996     1997     1998   1999     2000   2001   2002

                                                                                                                      -20.00%
                                                                                                                                                                                        Year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          DIY          Kulon Progo            Bantul        Gunungkidul          Sleman      Yogyakarta

                                                                                                                      DIY       Kulon Progo             Bantul                   Gunungkidul                 Sleman               Yogyakarta




                                                                                                                                              Contributions of Municipalities to Provincial GRDP
                                                                                                                      35.0%

                                                                                                                      30.0%

                                                                                                                      25.0%

                                                                                                                      20.0%

                                                                                                                      15.0%

                                                                                                                      10.0%

                                                                                                                       5.0%

                                                                                                                       0.0%
                                                                                                                                    1993      1994      1995       1996          1997          1998     1999      2000     2001        2002
                                                                                                                                                                                      Year

                                                                                                                         Kabupaten Kulon Progo       Kabupaten Bantul     Kabupaten Gunungkidul         Kabupaten Sleman   Kota Yogyakarta



                                                                                                                    GRDP of DIY and Its Constituent Municipalities
                                                                                                                    (In Million Rp at Constant 1993 Prices)

                                                                                                                    No.                 Area                                            1993              1994             1995            1996        1997            1998            1999              2000           2001            2002      02/97
                                                                                                                    1    DIY                                                         4,135,529         4,466,309        4,822,585       5,195,997   5,378,525       4,777,199       4,824,445          5,017,710     5,182,544       5,357,669     99.6%
                                                                                                                    2    Kulon Progo                                                   399,454           408,785          415,042         436,330     447,571         384,783         346,061            352,854       359,651         367,557     82.1%
                                                                                                                    3    Bantul                                                        701,852           757,813          812,682         867,199     893,352         809,932         820,611            845,718       871,970         900,841    100.8%
                                                                                                                    4    Gunungkidul                                                   750,904           807,057          865,434         925,738     960,495         890,348         905,619            930,497       950,887         964,596    100.4%
                                                                                                                    5    Sleman                                                      1,139,135         1,235,258        1,336,030       1,446,210   1,497,330       1,378,089       1,404,658          1,451,772     1,509,835       1,567,685    100.8%
                                                                                                                    6    Yogyakarta                                                  1,068,540         1,160,094        1,275,361       1,391,715   1,458,020       1,296,097       1,309,435          1,356,541     1,398,143       1,443,414     99.0%
                                                                                                                    Source : DIY Dalam Angka 1993-2002                                                                                                                                                                               5,244,093

                                                                                                                    Annual Growth Rates of Per Capita GRDP of DIY and Its Constituent Municipalities

                                                                                                                    No.                 Area                                                          1994              1995             1996         1997             1998              1999                2000                2001            2002
                                                                                                                    1    DIY                                                                           7.23%             7.21%            6.97%        2.77%           -11.81%             0.27%              3.26%                2.55%          2.64%
                                                                                                                    2    Kulon Progo                                                                   2.37%             1.57%            5.17%        2.62%           -13.99%           -10.01%              2.02%                1.99%          2.27%
                                                                                                                    3    Bantul                                                                        6.70%             5.98%            5.46%        1.82%           -10.39%             0.15%              1.87%                1.92%          2.13%
                                                                                                                    4    Gunungkidul                                                                   7.14%             6.90%            6.64%        3.44%            -7.58%             1.42%              2.46%                1.91%          1.16%
                                                                                                                    5    Sleman                                                                        6.82%             6.55%            6.64%        2.00%            -9.32%             0.43%              1.84%                2.48%          2.32%
                                                         Source : BAPPEDA Propinsi DIY                              6    Yogyakarta                                                                    8.98%            10.35%            9.54%        5.17%           -10.73%             1.41%              4.02%                3.49%          3.67%
                                                                                                                    Source : DIY Dalam Angka 1993-2002

                                                                                                                    Strength                                                                                                                    Weakness
Inter-Municipal Linkages                                                                                            •    There are municipalities, like Kota Yogyakarta and
                                                                                                                        Kabupaten Sleman, which could serve as locomotives for a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                •    While the municipalities are sufficiently linked physically, they
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    seem to still act individually in pursuing economic growth.
                                                                                                                        more rapid economic expansion in the entire province.                                                                       One case in point is that Kabupaten Kulon Progo appears to
Facts                                                                                                               •    The province boasts of one of the best infrastructure facilities                                                           have not really benefited from the consistently healthy
                                                                                                                        in the entire country that could serve as the backbone of inter-                                                            economic performance of Kabupaten Sleman even if these
• Shares of municipalities to provincial GRDP in 2002 ranged from 7% for Kabupaten Kulon Progo to over 29%              municipal economic linkages.                                                                                                two municipalities are adjacent to each other. To date, there
   for Kabupaten Sleman. Growth rate was likewise uneven. Before the crisis ion 1997, Kota Yogyakarta led all                                                                                                                                       has also been no significant cooperative economic endeavor
   the other municipalities with an average expansion of over 9%. After the crisis, however, Kabupaten Sleman                                                                                                                                       among the municipalities to optimally exploit their
   started to outpace Kota Yogyakarta. In 2002, only the economy of Kabupaten Sleman grew at a faster clip than                                                                                                                                     complementarities
                                                                                                                    Opportunity                                                                                                                 Threat
   the average for the entire province.                                                                             •   The laws on local government autonomy gives local                                                                       •    The same laws on local government autonomy serve as a
• Likewise, there are considerable disparities in per capita GRDP. Per capita GRDP in Kota Yogyakarta in 2002          governments a wider leeway in which to pursue cooperative                                                                    threat as they also give rise to parochialism among local
   was almost four times the per capita GRDP in Kabupaten Kulon Progo, more than three times the per capita            undertakings with other municipalities, which should give                                                                    leaders, leading to unhealthy, ‘beggar thy neighbor’
   GRDP in Kabupaten Bantul, and more than twice the per capita GRDPs in Kabupaten Gunungkidul and                     impetus for stronger linkages among the municipalities in DIY.                                                               competition among the municipalities.
                                                                                                                       Inter-municipal linkages have in fact been working in the area                                                           •    Also, competition with other locations outside DIY is a
   Kabupaten Sleman.                                                                                                   of public infrastructure planning, implementation, and                                                                       constant factor that could limit the overall economic growth of
• Except for Kota Yogyakarta, the 2002 per capita GRDPs in all the other municipalities, measured at constant          operation and maintenance.                                                                                                   the regional economy.
   1993 prices, remained their pre-crisis level, again with Kabupaten Kulon Progo showing the worst performance     •   At the same time, the provincial government has also been
   at only 82% of the 1997 figure.                                                                                     touting the ‘Jogja Inc.’ slogan in an attempt to organize the
                                                                                                                       municipalities into a united force in pursuit of economic
Trend                                                                                                                  growth and a more balanced regional development.
• The disparities in economic performance of municipalities comprising DIY is growing, with Kabupaten Kulon
   Progo being left behind in terms of both aggregate and per capita outputs. There is also a growing               Potential                                                                                                                   Constraint
                                                                                                                    •   Economic development cooperation among local                                                                            •   Local governments in DIY Province each other still inward
   concentration of wealth in urban areas as demonstrated by the very high per capita GRDP of Kota Yogyakarta           governments in DIY Province based on functional region                                                                      orientation on the local economic development.
   relative to the other municipalities.                                                                                development, such as response for plan/policy to develop                                                                    Administrative boundary made limitation or constraint for
Factors                                                                                                                 ‘Jogja Inc’.                                                                                                                widening economic development with the neighboring local
•  One factor behind the disparities is basically difference in natural resource endowments. The inclination to     •   Local autonomy is direct opportunity to make development                                                                    government. Especially, conservative opinion in each local
                                                                                                                        cooperation among the local government, not only in the                                                                     parliament about cooperation with other local government
   promote the secondary and tertiary economic sectors, however, also plays a significant role, especially in the       same province but to cooperation with local government in                                                                   and economic development base on functional region more
   concentration of wealth in the cities.                                                                               neighboring province.                                                                                                       than administrative boundary, ansich.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ECONOMY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       GDRP 3 - 4
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                                                          Shares of Economic Sectors to Total Provincial GRDP
                                                                    Rural-Urban Area                                       90.0%
                                                                  by Statiscally Criteria                                  80.0%
                                                                                                                           70.0%
                                                                                                                           60.0%
                                                                                                                           50.0%
                                                                                                                           40.0%
                                                                                                                           30.0%
                                                                                                                           20.0%
                                                                                                                           10.0%
                                                                                                                            0.0%
                                                                                                                                        1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 10-Yr.
                                                                                                                                                                                           Ave.
                                                                                                                                    Primary Sectors                                               Secondary Sectors
                                                                                                                                    Tertiary Sectors                                              Combined Secondary and Tertiary Sectors


                                                                                                                    C o m p a r is o n o f S e c t o r a l G R D P s o f D IY
                                                                                                                    (G R D P in R p M illio n , a t C o n s t ta n t 1 9 9 3 P r ic e s )

                                                                                                                                                     S e cto r                              1 9 93          1 9 94            1 9 95             1 9 96            1 9 97             1 9 98             1 9 99               2 0 00              2 0 01            2 0 02         1 0 -Y r. A v e .
                                                                                                                    1      P ri m a r y S e c t o r s
                                                                                                                    1 .1   Real GRDP                                                        8 4 0,61 1     8 6 4,50 2        9 0 0,71 4         9 5 4,81 9        9 8 6,15 2         9 2 5,64 6         8 7 8,28 7           9 6 1,93 5           9 4 7,90 7       8 9 7,00 5
                                                                                                                    1 .2   G ro w th R a te                                                                     2 .8 %            4 .2 %             6 .0 %            3 .3 %            -6 .1 %            -5 .1 %               9 .5 %              -1 .5 %          -5 .4 %              0 .9 %
                                                                                                                    2      S e c o n d a ry S e c to rs
                                                                                                                    2 .1   Real GRDP                                                        5 1 1,43 9     6 0 1,91 7        6 3 5,00 2         6 9 4,72 4        7 0 1,97 6         6 5 9,81 6         6 8 2,44 0           6 6 4,11 5           6 7 7,48 6       7 0 5,15 7
                                                                                                                    2 .2   G ro w th R a te                                                                    1 7 .7 %           5 .5 %             9 .4 %            1 .0 %            -6 .0 %             3 .4 %              -2 .7 %               2 .0 %           4 .1 %              3 .8 %
                                                                                                                    3      T e r tia ry S e c to rs
                                                                                                                    3 .1   Real GRDP                                                  2 ,7 8 3 ,4 7 9    2 ,9 9 9 ,8 9 0   3 ,2 8 6 ,8 6 9    3 ,5 4 6 ,4 5 4   3 ,6 9 0 ,3 9 7    3 ,1 9 1 ,7 3 7    3 ,2 6 3 ,7 1 8      3 ,3 9 1 ,6 6 0     3 ,5 5 7 ,1 5 1   3 ,7 5 5 ,5 0 7
                                                                                                                    3 .2   G ro w th R a te                                                                       7 .8 %            9 .6 %             7 .9 %            4 .1 %         -1 3 .5 %              2 .3 %               3 .9 %              4 .9 %            5 .6 %            3 .6 %
                                                                                                                    4      C o m b in e d S e c o n d a r y a n d T e r tia r y
                                                                                                                           S e cto rs
                                                                                                                    4 .1   Real GRDP                                                  3 ,2 9 4 ,9 1 8    3 ,6 0 1 ,8 0 7   3 ,9 2 1 ,8 7 1    4 ,2 4 1 ,1 7 8   4 ,3 9 2 ,3 7 3    3 ,8 5 1 ,5 5 3    3 ,9 4 6 ,1 5 8      4 ,0 5 5 ,7 7 5     4 ,2 3 4 ,6 3 7   4 ,4 6 0 ,6 6 4
                                                                                                                    4 .2   G ro w th R a te                                                                       9 .3 %            8 .9 %             8 .1 %            3 .6 %         -1 2 .3 %              2 .5 %               2 .8 %              4 .4 %            5 .3 %            3 .6 %




                                                                                                                                                      Sectoral Shares in Local Economies in 2002                                                                                      Comparative Annual Growth Rates of Various Economic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Sectors
                                                                                                                           120%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       20.0%
                                                                                                                           100%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       15.0%
          L e g en d :                                                                                                     80%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       10.0%
                                                                                                                           60%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        5.0%
              U rb a n                                                                                                     40%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0.0%
              R u ra l                                                                                                     20%                                                                                                                                         -5.0%       1994        1995      1996       1997         1998         1999      2000      2001       2002       10-Yr.
                                                                                                                             0%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ave.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      -10.0%
                                                                                                                                                (1)                           (2)                          (3)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      -15.0%
                                                                                                                                             Primary                     Secondary                       Tertiary                       2+3                           -20.0%


Urban – Rural Linkages                                                                                                             Kulon Progo                 Bantul               Gunungkidul                  Sleman                Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Primary Sectors    Secondary Sectors        Tertiary Sectors     Combined Secondary and Tertiary Sectors




Facts                                                                                                                 Strength                                                                                                                              Weakness
• From the vantage point of structure, the regional economy of DIY can be said to be more urban- than rural-          •    The relatively good infrastructure in DIY, such as roads and                                                                     •    There seems to be a lack of sufficient effort to promote a better
                                                                                                                          transportation, provides a strong foundation for closer linkages                                                                      performance of the primary sectors, especially agriculture, in
   based.                                                                                                                 and complementation between the urban- and rural-based                                                                                terms of both quantity and quality of outputs.
• During the last ten years, the tertiary sector contributed 70% to the regional economy of DIY and the                   economies of the province.                                                                                                        •    On the other hand, economic activities that are being promoted
   combined secondary and tertiary sectors for over 80% of average annual output. On the other hand, the              •    Also, the relatively small land area of the province means that                                                                      in the urban areas do not seem to have any need for inputs
   contribution from the primary sectors was only 20%.                                                                    rural hinterlands are not really that distant from urban centers,                                                                     originating from rural areas.
                                                                                                                          such that exchange of goods and services, especially                                                                              •    This situation results in two vulnerabilities: The rural economy is
• From the contributions of various economic sectors, the local economy of Kabupaten Gunungkidul can be                   perishable ones, should not really pose a big logistical problem.                                                                     left to fend for itself, while the urban economy is subject to
   said to be the most rural-based followed by Kabupaten Kulon Progo, with the shares of the primary sectors                                                                                                                                                    external volatilities, especially in the prices and timely
   in these two municipalities at respectively 37.7% and 30.5%. The local economies of Kota Yogyakarta, with a                                                                                                                                                  availability of inputs.
   primary-sector share of less than 1%, can be considered as the most urban-based, followed by Kabupaten             Opportunity                                                                                                                           Threat
   Sleman whose primary sectors contributed 14.5% of total GDRP in 2002. Kabupaten Bantul can be placed in            •   Assuming that urban-rural linkages can be strengthened, there                                                                     •    The disconnection between the urban and rural economies will
                                                                                                                         is an opportunity in redirecting the primary sector toward                                                                             result in continuing widening gap between the incomes of urban
   the mid-range with the share of the primary sectors at 22.7%.                                                         producing the inputs needed by the secondary and tertiary                                                                              and rural populations, the massive migration of rural people to
Trend                                                                                                                    sectors.                                                                                                                               urban areas, and the worsening of the living conditions in urban
• One trend that can be observed is the growing separation among the economic sectors in DIY, with the                                                                                                                                                          areas.
    expansion especially of the secondary and tertiary sectors not necessarily translated into positive gains in
    the primary sectors and vice versa. The implication could be that the secondary and tertiary sectors are          Potentials                                                                                                                            Constraints
    more and more looking for external sources, beyond the boundaries of the province, for their needed               •   Development of the agricultural products that are sensitive to                                                                    • The existing development polices give the perception that the
    production inputs.                                                                                                    the urban needs, especially the rural commodities that are, so                                                                       primary sector equals to the rural sector, with low value-added,
Factor                                                                                                                    far, supplied from other provinces or even other countries.                                                                          inefficient and with limited high technology. This makes the
                                                                                                                      •   Development of comprehensive economic activities covering                                                                            primary sector be neglected.
• The emphasis on the tertiary sectors as the main engines of economic activity in the province could be                  the urban-rural linkages in DIY, for instance the development of                                                                  • Potential land conversion from agricultural to non-agricultural
    considered as a contributing factor. The proliferation of commercial establishments that are part of national         village-based tourism (village tourism objects, kampong                                                                              purposes (from rural to urban land) makes it hard for the rural
    and even international chains seems to be working to the disadvantage of local suppliers as these                     handicraft centers, village-featuring restaurants, etc).                                                                             areas to improve their economic performance.
    establishments mostly rely on centralized purchasing arrangements. On the other hand, the quality of local
    products, especially farm produce, may not be up to the standards of national and international commercial
    establishments.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ECONOMY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       GDRP 3 - 5
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 VALUE OF EXPO RT BY TRADE PORT IN DIY PROVINCE (in US$)
                    Country of Export Destination                                                                                                  Freight Port for Export
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  No.                   Port
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1999               2000          2001           2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1   Tanjung Mas                             46,390,184         60,873,609    68,561,686     71,811,861
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2   Tanjung Priok                           15,011,284         15,165,174    12,786,675     11,894,676
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       3   Sukarno-Hatta                           12,894,308         13,645,753    12,747,213     14,467,873
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4   Ngurah Rai                               3,354,170          2,487,205     2,132,896      3,966,757
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       5   Tanjung Perak                            2,318,593          2,554,950     3,516,638      3,460,806
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       6   Juanda                                  10,282,455            609,704       121,560        663,054
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       7   Adi Sucipto                              1,154,714          1,432,320       906,160      2,330,061
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       8   Adi Sum armo                                 9,164                  -        16,080      1,528,767
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       9   Tanjung Pinang                               9,164              9,678       189,633
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10   Pos                                        128,302                  -        15,711
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      11   Tanjung Uban                                27,493                  -        33,635
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      12   Halim Perdana Kusuma                        64,151                  -           398             47
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      13   Batu Ampar                                       -                  -                       15,290
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Total                                   91,643,982         96,778,392   101,028,285    110,139,192
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Source: DIY Dalam Angka 1999-2002




                                                                                       E X P O R T B Y C O M M O D I T IE S I N D IY P R O V IN C E ( in U S $ )                                                                                                              Value Import by Country Destination in DIY Province ( US $)
                                                                                                                                                                                              Y ear
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2002
                                                                                         No.                     C o m m o d it y
                                                                                                                                                    19 98                19 99                20 00                  20 01                  20 02
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2,019,878
                                                                                               1    W o o d F u r n itu r e                      1 5 ,0 2 9 ,2 5 4    1 8 ,2 2 8 ,7 0 6    2 0 ,5 0 2 ,8 6 4      2 3 ,9 4 5 ,9 4 7      3 1 ,6 5 9 ,3 8 8
                                                                                               2    C lo th e s                                  1 9 ,7 9 2 ,0 2 4    2 1 ,0 1 9 ,5 8 0    2 5 ,1 4 5 ,2 4 8      2 3 ,3 2 9 ,1 9 0      1 8 ,8 9 9 ,8 0 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3,345,403
                                                                                               3    T a n n e d H id e                           1 0 ,9 4 7 ,8 3 2      9 , 2 0 4 ,2 6 2     7 , 3 8 7 ,1 5 8       9 , 8 1 2 ,1 7 3       9 , 1 6 0 ,4 2 5
                                                                                               4    O t h e r T e x t ile P r o d u c t s          9 , 3 7 7 ,1 1 8   1 0 ,2 4 8 ,4 2 5      8 , 6 2 9 ,5 6 4       9 , 3 0 1 ,4 4 0       7 , 7 9 8 ,8 6 2
                                                                                               5    T e x t ile                                    7 , 3 6 0 ,7 0 7     8 , 3 8 5 ,4 8 3     7 , 6 0 9 ,7 5 8       6 , 0 6 8 ,3 9 5
Export - Import                                                                                6
                                                                                               7
                                                                                                    T in n e d F u n g u s
                                                                                                    L e a th e r G lo v e
                                                                                                                                                   5 , 2 9 4 ,4 2 8
                                                                                                                                                   7 , 7 2 7 ,3 8 7
                                                                                                                                                                        5 , 5 3 4 ,4 5 2
                                                                                                                                                                        3 , 3 3 2 ,0 4 6
                                                                                                                                                                                             7 , 2 5 4 ,6 8 2
                                                                                                                                                                                             3 , 3 8 8 ,3 7 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5 , 7 1 0 ,1 3 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 , 5 2 3 ,2 2 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2 , 6 2 1 ,3 9 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           5 , 3 7 3 ,0 4 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1,986,973
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 AS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Australia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Korsel
                                                                                               8    W o o d I n d u s tr y                         2 , 7 7 7 ,2 8 4     3 , 1 0 3 ,1 5 6     2 , 6 5 6 ,4 6 9       2 , 7 1 1 ,7 0 1       3 , 3 0 2 ,0 3 7
                                                                                               9    S y n th e t ic G lo v e                       1 , 6 4 5 ,8 0 3     1 , 2 4 9 ,9 8 9     1 , 4 4 1 ,6 9 1       2 , 2 1 0 ,0 9 2       1 , 7 2 8 ,4 7 1                                                                                                      Singapura

Facts:                                                                                        10
                                                                                              11
                                                                                                    A ts i ri o f c lo v e L e a f
                                                                                                    C la y In d u s tr y
                                                                                                                                                   1 , 1 8 6 ,0 5 3
                                                                                                                                                       6 3 8 ,9 5 3
                                                                                                                                                                            1 9 8 ,0 2 3
                                                                                                                                                                            8 0 2 ,2 4 6
                                                                                                                                                                                                 3 3 2 ,3 2 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                 7 1 3 ,6 3 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 , 8 4 9 ,0 5 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 , 4 3 0 ,2 2 6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1 , 9 8 4 ,5 4 8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1 , 5 5 5 ,7 9 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Jepang
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Other

•
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1,249,862
    DIY export in 2002 amounted to US$110.14 million and import value amounted                12
                                                                                              13
                                                                                                    S c r e w P in e In d u s t r y
                                                                                                    La m p
                                                                                                                                                         8 7 ,9 0 2         4 5 5 ,8 5 9
                                                                                                                                                                              3 4 ,4 3 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                 7 0 0 ,8 4 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                 6 8 3 ,6 3 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7 9 4 ,0 6 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 , 7 2 7 ,5 2 7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1 , 3 7 6 ,7 6 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2 1 7 ,6 2 3
    to US$11.32 million.                                                                      14    O th e rs                                    1 1 ,3 0 0 ,2 3 7      9 , 8 4 7 ,3 2 5   1 0 ,3 3 2 ,1 4 3        8 , 6 1 5 ,1 2 4     2 4 ,4 6 1 ,0 4 6                                                     1,333,200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1,409,210

                                                                                                    T o ta l E x p o rt                          9 3 ,1 6 4 ,9 8 2    9 1 ,6 4 3 ,9 8 1    9 6 ,7 7 8 ,3 9 2    1 0 1 ,0 2 8 , 2 8 5   1 1 0 ,1 3 9 , 1 9 2
•   The highest export commodities were wooden furniture, then garments, tanned        S o u r c e : D IY D a la m A n g k a 1 9 9 9 - 2 0 0 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Source: D IY D alam Angka 1998-2002
    leather and handicraft products. The highest import commodities were cotton,
    accessories and raw milk powder.                                                   VALUE OF IMPORT BY COMMODITIES IN DIY PROVINCE ( US $)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   VALUE OF EXPORT BY COUNT RY DESTINATION (US$)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2002
•   DIY highest export destination was United States. It was US$ 47.79 million or
    43.4% of total DIY export value. The imports were mostly from United States.         No.                   Commodities
                                                                                                                                                                                              Year                                                                                                 2,034,986               5,113,08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      AS
    They amounted to US$2.02 million or 17.8% of total DIY import value.                                                                            1998                 1999                 2000                   2001                  2002                                               3,532,362
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4,059,669
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Jepang
                                                                                                1 Others Machine                                            0                                         0                562,373               496,019
•   DIY exports were mostly shipped through Tanjung Mas Sea Port, Semarang,
                                                                                                2 Raw Material for Milk                             1,360,781            8,009,511            2,944,796              1,547,999             2,334,463                                     4,089,223
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      H ongkong
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Italia
    amounting to 92% of total DIY export volume, Adi Sucipto Airport (0.3%) and                 3 Cotton                                            4,618,686            5,890,752              212,730              4,638,460             2,906,384                                   4,159,502
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Peranc is

    the remaining through the others.                                                           4 Tanner for Raw Leather                                    0            1,536,662            1,543,475              1,363,369             1,003,540                                                                                      47,791,418
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Aus tralia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Belanda
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       7,366,713
                                                                                                5 Raw Matterial for Leather                                                                                                                  996,497                                                                                                                  Ingris

                                                                                                6 Textile Machine                                           0                   0                     0             9,866,763                      0
Trend:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Spayol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Singapura
                                                                                                7 Others                                              183,086             337,365                16,883             4,888,719              3,607,622                                       6,641,359

•   The export growth of DIY in the period of 1999-2002 was 6.3% and import value                 Total                                             6,162,552          15,774,290             4,717,883            22,867,683             11,344,525
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Jerm an

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4,652,76
    in the same period was 88.1%.                                                      Source: Diolah dari Data BPS Propinsi DIY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4,510,30


•   Wooden furniture dominated the export commodity of DIY, and handicraft export                                                                                                                                                                             Source: D iolah dari D ata DIY Dalam Angka 1997-2002


    has started to grow. The main import commodities of DIY were raw milk powder,
    cotton, and leather tanning chemicals.                                               Strengths                                                                                                                                              Weaknesses
•   The main export destination and import origin between 1999 and 2002 was the          •   Yogyakarta has unique export commodities.                                                                                                          •   The production cost is high because the quality standard is not applied,
    United States.                                                                       •   Raw material and skilled work force are available for the production                                                                                   but using manual process in the production process.
•   DIY export commodities were shipped mostly through Tanjung Mas Sea Port in               processes.                                                                                                                                         •   Communication constraint, such as less utilization of communication
    Semarang. The shift of Adisucipto Airport status to the international airport is     •   Adisucipto international airport is already open.                                                                                                      technology, and language (English).
    projected to increase the export of DIY.                                             •   The tourism activities in DIY supports the trade sector.                                                                                           •   Now low shipping cost and limited access to export destinations.
                                                                                         Opportunities                                                                                                                                          Threats
Factors:                                                                                 •   Application of Quality standard of export commodity to strengthen                                                                                  •   There are disadvantageous export commodities.
                                                                                             competitiveness.                                                                                                                                   •   It is afraid that the skilled work force will go overseas, thereby decreasing
•   DIY has unique handicraft commodities. DIY still relies on the provision of raw
                                                                                         •   Strengthening and developing export market.                                                                                                            the quality of DIY human resources.
    materials from other countries to support the production processes (such as          •   Increasing the number of international flights, especially connecting flights
    cotton and raw milk powder).                                                             to the export destinations.
•   Export Markets for DIY are United States, West European countries, and Korea.
•   The closest seaport was Tanjung Mas Harbor, in Semarang.                             Potentials                                                                                                                                             Constraints
                                                                                         •   Application of quality standard and export commodity labelling.                                                                                    •  Low understanding on quality products and labelling.
                                                                                         •   Introduction of E-Commerce to improve the export-import activities.                                                                                •  Unclear export commodity research and development.
                                                                                         •   Maintain and increase the number of direct international flights to the                                                                            •  Lack of skills in utilizing the information technology.
                                                                                             export destination.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ECONOMY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Export-Import 3 - 6
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                         REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Special Province of Yogyakarta



                                                                                     Major Attractions
                                                                                     Potential Attractions
                                                                                     Cultural site
                                                                                     Eco-tourism site




        Java Island




Tourism Development
Facts                                                                                                                                                                              Yogyakarta tourism promotion on “ISLANDLIFE” Vol.4, No.20
   • In 2003, Yogyakarta was only able to attract more than 1,2 million over-night staying visitors (1,1 million    Strength                                                     Weakness
       domestic visitors and 96.000 foreign tourists). This figure is much lower compated to the condition before       The local cultural and natural tourist attractions are     The management of tourist attractions and attractions is weak.
       the economic crisis in which there were 352.000 foreign tourists. However, the number of domestic                significant for regional and international markets.        The conventional tourism package is boring.
       visitors significantly increased.                                                                                Tourist acommodation of international standard is          The quality of human resources, especially the government
   • Yogyakarta’s potential attractions include cultural heritages, cultural buildings, arts performances and           available.                                                 related personnel, in tourism management is low.
       natural tourist attractions, and are supported by the international-standardized tourism accommodations.         DIY is peaceful and safe for foreign tourists.             Potentials of domestic tourism are not yet considered
   • The tourism sector of DIY contributes approximately 6,8% to the GDP of DIY province. This is much                  DIY is regionally and internationally good accessible.     seriously.
       lower compared to that of Bali which contributes 11% of the total GDP.                                       Opportunity                                                  Threat
                                                                                                                        Optimization of tourist attractions                      • The condition of national security (Blaze: Bali, Hotel Mariot, the
   • Based on the data of 2001, the foreign tourist averagely spent US$ 100 per day with an average length              Improvement of product quality, handicraft marketing       Embassy of Australia)
       of stay of 2,04 days. The contribution to the economy of DIY is estimated at US$ 18.96 million (which            and tourism facilities and infrastructure.               • Yogyakarta is the second tourism destination after Bali.
       equals to 1,34% of the total GDP in 2001).                                                                       Development educational tourism, shoping tourism,
Trend                                                                                                                   MICE (meeting, invention, convention and exhibition)
   • Shift from mass tourism to special interest tourism.                                                               and special interest tourism (agro-tourism, village
   • Yogyakarta is after Bali the second tourist destination of Indonesia.                                              tourism, natural tourism)
   • The development of sustainable tourism tends to increase.                                                      Potentials                                                   Constraints
   • Development of potential villages into community-based tourism.                                                •   Increase of the number of tourists through lower air-    •  There is no development synchronization between the
Factors                                                                                                                 fares.                                                      government bureaucracy and tourism actors.
   • Bali is a world-famous tourism destination. It has to be acknowledged that Yogyakarta is not as famous         •   Direct access to Yogya from KL, Singapura and the        •  There is no clear inter-regional or inter-municipal
       as Bali.                                                                                                         other cities like Bangkok, Perth, etc.                      coordination whether it will be oriented to tourism packages
                                                                                                                    •   Development of special interest tourism (agro-              or tourism routes.
   • The tourism development in DIY has not been conducted comprehensively. The tourist accommodation
                                                                                                                        tourism, village tourism, educational tourism)
       is already of international standard, while the tourist attraction management is still of local standard.
   • The tourism actors in DIY encourage the community-based tourism.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ECONOMY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Tourism 3 - 8
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ATLAS REGIONAL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Special Province of Yogyakarta
Data on Tourism in Yogyakarta and Surrounding Areas
                                                    Tourist Visits to Central Java ( 2002 )                                                                                                   T ourist Visits to DIY Province
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Origin Country of Foreign Tourist
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      visiting to DIY in year 2002
                     20,000,000                                                                                                                              7,000,000
                                                                                                                                                             6,000,000                                                                     5621987
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Belgium     Canada
                     15,000,000                                                                                                                              5,000,000                                                  4926110
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Swiss        3%          3%
                                                                                                                                                             4,000,000                                                                                         Domestic




                                                                                                                                                    Total
                                                                                                                          International                                                                                                                                                                      3%
           Total

                                                                                                                                                                                                  3,575,150
                     10,000,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Dutch
                                                                                                                          Domestic                           3,000,000                                                                                         International                                                                                   25%
                                                                                                                                                             2,000,000
                              5,000,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Others
                                                                                                                                                             1,000,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        283339             361707                                        27%
                                                                                                                                                                                                  186,964
                                                -                                                                                                                  -
                                                       1998      1999         2000        2001       2002                                                                                     1998                   1999            2000

                                                                              Year                                                                                                                                   Year                                                                                                                                                Japan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     UK                                                                   11%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4%                                                        France
 Source: BPS Propinsi Jawa Tengah                                                                                                               Source: BPS Propinsi DIY                                                                                                                                      Australia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7%                USA              Germany       7%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4%                 6%


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Source: Dinas Pariwisata DIY, 2003



                                    Room Occupation Rate per Hotel Class in DIY Province                                                                                       Room Occupation Rate per Hotel Class in Central Java                                                                          Shopping Pattern of Foreign Tourist in DIY

                                                                                                                                                                               40
                                    50                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ceramic     Others
                                                                                                                                                                               35                                                                                                                    Leather-craft
                                    45                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3%         5%
                                            45.86                                                                                                                                                                     37.1                                                                               8%
                                                                                                                                                                               30




                                                                                                                                                              Occupation (%)
                                    40                                                                                                                                                 30.56                             28.47                        39.98                                                                                                             Batik
                                                                                                                                                                               25                                                                        27.58                                   Painting
                                                                                  32.64                                                                                                   24.82                                     39.35                                                                                                                               36%
                   Occupation (%)




                                    35                                                                                                                                                                  25.33                          27.18                                                      10%
                                    30                                                                                                                                         20
                                                     32.4                    33.58                                                                                                                   29.27
                                    25                                                      42.64                                                                              15
                                                                                                         40.71
                                    20                        31.57                                                                                                            10
                                    15                                                           33.81                                                                                                                                                                                   Rattan, W ooden,
                                                                                                                  28.81                                                         5
                                                                 27.89                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Bamboo
                                    10
                                                                                                                                                                                0                                                                                                              12%
                                     5                                                                                                                                                 1998          1999             2000          2001              2002                                                                                Silver
                                     0                                                                                                                                                                                 Year                                                                                                               26%
                                                1997          1998            1999           2000            2001
                                                                              Year                                                                                                                           Star                    Non-Star
                                                                 Star                     Non-Star
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Source: Hasil Tabulasi Kuesioner, Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata DIY - 2001
                                                                                                                                                Source: BPS Propinsi J awa T engah
 Source: BPS Propinsi DIY & Hasil Olahan RDPRP




                                                    Average length of tourist stay in Central Java                                                                                    Average length of tourist stay in DIY Province                                                          Composisition of Foreign Tourist Expenses in DIY
                                                                                                                                                             4
             2.5                                                                                                                                            3.5                                                                                                                                          Telecommunication             Postal         Others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2%                      1%             2%
                                                                                                                                                             3                                                                                                                                                                                                 Accommodation
               2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Local Transportation
                                                                                                                                                            2.5                                                                                                                                                                                                    24%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   lokal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Transportasi 5%
                                                                                                                                                    Days




             1.5                                                                                                                                             2                                                                                                                              5%
    Days




                                                                                                                                                            1.5
               1
                                                                                                                                                             1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Consumption
             0.5                                                                                                                                            0.5                                                                                                                           12%
                                                                                                                                                             0
               0                                                                                                                                                                    1997             1998                    1999              2000                2001                                                                                           Souvenir
                                         1998                 1999                2000                2001                  2002                                                                                                                                                                 Entertaiment                  Guide                                21%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Year
                                                                                  Year                                                                                                                                                                                                               13%                       15%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 International      Dom estic

                                                                        International             Dom estic                                     Source: BPS Propinsi DIY                                                                                                       Source: Hasil Tabulasi Kuesioner, Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata DIY - 2001
 Source: BPS Propinsi DIY



 T ourist Facilities in D IY Province

                                                                                                                                      Regency / M unicip ality
                                                 T ype                                   Yogyakarta               Slem an                      Bantul                               Ku lo nprogo                 G unun gkid ul                       T otal
 Hotel                                                                                                   285                          130                                180                                 3                          23                   621
 Restaurant                                                                                              144                          108                                158                             13                             81                   504
 Conv ention                                                                                                  4                            5                                    1 -                              -                                            10
 Trav el Biro                                                                                                79                           52                                   12 -                                                        3                 146
 Tourism Serv ices (taxi, bank, hospita                                                                  854                          279                                      37                        47                           125               1,342
 Source : Dinas Pariwisata D IY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ECONOMY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Tourism 3 - 9
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                                                                                             TOTAL AREA OF AGRICULTURAL LAND                                                                                             FARM LABORS AND TOAL LABORS
                                                                                                                                                                                       DIY Province                                                                                                              DIY Province
                                                                                                                                                            350.000                                                                                                              2.000.000
                                                                                                                                                                              318.580         318.580            318.580           318.580           318.580
                                                                                                                                                            300.000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1.500.000                1.547.630              1.663.503             1.645.799               1.610.530
                                                                                                                                                            250.000




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Persons
                                                                                                                                                                              258.788         258.851            259.722           259.972         260.213
                                                                                                                                                            200.000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1.000.000




                                                                                                                                                       Ha
                                                                                                                                                            150.000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      720.383                653.539               631.130
                                                                                                                                                            100.000                                                                                                               500.000     487.096
                                                                                                                                                                             59.792           59.729             58.858           58.608            58.367
                                                                                                                                                             50.000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         -
                                                                                                                                                                 0                                                                                                                                1999                   2000                   2001                    2002
                                                                                                                                                                          1998             1999               2000              2001              2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Farm Labors    Total Labors
                                                                                                                                                                                             Rice Field     Tahun Field
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Non-rice           Total

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Source: DIY Dalam Angka 1999-2002
                                                                                                                                                 Source: DIY Dalam Angka 1998-2002
                                                                                                                                                 GDRP from Agricultural Sector DIY Province (Constant Price 1993) in M illion Rp.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      PDRB
                                                                                                                                                        Description
                                                                                                                                                                                      1993              1994               1995              1996              1997               1998                  1999                    2000                   2001                     2002
                                                                                                                                                 Food Crop                              546.636           558.149            588.827           628.361           647.973            638.104               598.566                 643.770                609.229                  582.304
                                                                                                                                                 Horticulture                            35.383            38.722             33.328            33.685            32.557             23.296                22.639                  25.746                 29.940                   30.093
                                                                                                                                                 Livestock                              111.183           112.525            117.053           123.179           129.243            105.799                93.299                 126.696                124.383                   92.919
                                                                                                                                                 Forestry                                82.145            84.240             86.162            90.350            92.866             87.877                91.231                  91.646                109.289                  115.902
                                                                                                                                                 Fishery                                  5.994              6.821             7.630              9.284           11.965             10.319                12.076                  13.523                 14.149                   14.769
                                                                                                                                                 GDRP from Agriculture                  781.341           800.457            833.000           884.859           914.604            865.395               817.811                 901.381                886.990                  835.987
                                                                                                                                                 Total PDRB DIY                       4.135.529         4.466.309          4.822.585         5.195.997         5.378.525          4.777.199             4.824.445               5.017.710              5.182.543                5.357.671
                                                                                                                                                 Farmer/Total PDRB DIY                   18,9%              17,9%             17,3%              17,0%            17,0%               18,1%                 17,0%                  18,0%                   17,1%                   15,6%
                                                                                                                                                 Sourc e : DIY D alam Angka 2002




                                                                                                                                                 PRODUCTS OF FOOD CROPS - DIY
                                                                                                                                                 (In Ton)
                                                                                                                                                     Types of Crops  1998                                                       1999                         2000                       2001                             2002
                                                                                                                                                 Wetland paddy        515.616                                                    513.664                      542.435                    542.079                          537.955
                                                                                                                                                 Dryland paddy        124.229                                                    149.256                      139.229                    119.750                          116.012
                                                                                                                                                 Cassava              922.506                                                    808.257                      665.831                    736.316                          750.205
        Legenda :                                                                                                                                Maize                164.733                                                    154.986                      170.342                    187.577                          170.753
            Urban                                                                                                                                Soyabeans              64.734                                                    83.877                       68.102                     50.202                           50.981
            Rural                                                                                                                                Peanuts                42.295                                                    45.953                       53.385                     50.552                           58.482
                                                                                                                                                 Source: Kompilasi dari Kab./Kota Dalam Angka se DIY 1998-2002
                 Rice Field
                  Sawah
                  Hutan
                 Forest                                                                                                                          SURPLUS AND SHORTAGE OF MEAT AND EGG PRODUCTS (Kg)
                                                                                                                                                       Description       1999        2000        2001                                                                                          2002
                                                                                                                                                                       14.729.848  14.176.265  14.652.185                                                                                    14.806.828
                                                                                                                                                 Goats                    556.752     581.614     807.640                                                                                       891.960
                                                                                                                                                 Village Poultry        3.445.257   2.997.928   2.319.884                                                                                     2.384.857
Agricultural Sector of DIY Province                                                                                                              Pedigree Poultry        (394.227) (1.854.046)   (279.223)                                                                                   (1.199.549)
                                                                                                                                                 Village Poultry Eggs   5.540.191   1.662.215   1.413.526                                                                                     1.343.026
Facts                                                                                                                                            Pedigree Poultry Eggs    471.474   1.321.925   1.173.062                                                                                       270.838                                        Perkebunan Salak Pondoh

•   The agricultural sector is one of the three biggest contributors to the provincial GRDP (in 2003, amounting to Rp 907.8 billion or 16.2%),   Duck Eggs                  3.297      36.143      13.324                                                                                        65.423
    with the biggest contribution from the sub-sector of food-crop (70.5%), then followed by forestry (13.3%) and the smallest contribution      Source: DIY Dalam Angka 1999-2002
    from Fishery (1.7%).
                                                                                                                                                   Strength                                                                                                    Weaknesses
•   The agricultural sector accommodated the biggest number of labors (606,547 labors in 2003 or 37.4% of the total work force).
                                                                                                                                                   •         The climate is good for agriculture.                                                              •    The number of agricultural land declines.
•   The product of rice in DIY in 2003 consisted of 525,521 tons (rice from wet field) mostly from Sleman Regency and 126.759 ton (rice from       •         Some of the agricultural products have been exported.                                             •    The infrastructure facilities in rural areas are limited.
    dry field) mostly from Gunungkidul Regency.
                                                                                                                                                   •         The coastal area is relatively large. (Geographic advantage)                                      •    The investors are not so interested in the agricultural sector.
•   Each of the regencies has different value-added agricultural products. For example, Kulon Progo Regency has coconut palm trees and             •         The water for agriculture is relatively enough.                                                   •    The exchange value of the agricultural products is low.
    clove trees (47,532 tons of coconuts, 429 tons of cloves); Sleman Regency with tobacco of 2,498 tons; Bantul Regency with cane sugar
                                                                                                                                                   •         There is enough human resources for the agricultural                                              •    The price of seedlings and fertilizer is high
    with 13.992 tons and Gunungkidul Regency with cashew nuts of 459 tons.
                                                                                                                                                             sector.                                                                                           •    There is no well-designed fish port.
•   The livestocks consist of mostly cows and goats (224,247 cows and 241,007 goats in 2003). Besides, there were 6,601 tons of off-shore
    fish and 1,775 tons of marine fish.                                                                                                            Opportunities                                                                                               Threats
Trend                                                                                                                                              • Export markets (fruits. Vegetables, fish, and horticultural                                               •    The land conversion from agricultural land to housing
                                                                                                                                                             and forestry products)                                                                                 settlement keeps on increasing.
•   GRDP from the Agricultural Sector during the last ten years averagely increased by 1.6% per year. Between 2002 and 2003 it increased                                                                                                                       •    There is a tight marketing competition with the other
    by 4.9%. All sub-sectors of agriculture increased unless the Livestock which declined by 4.9%. The biggest increase was achived by the         •         Regional/national: markets (salak pondoh, water melons,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    provinces.
    sub-sector of food crops (6.7%) and Horticulture (5.5%).                                                                                                 cassava, cashew nuts, Lobster, fish fins, matelenka, vanilla,
                                                                                                                                                             etc.)                                                                                             •    The selling price of agricultural products is not yet stable.
•   The number of agricultural land in DIY tends to decline. Between 1998 and 2002, it declined by 0,5% per year.
•   The product of rice of approximately 54.7 quintals/ha has not yet shown any significant increase during the last three years.
Factors                                                                                                                                            Potentials                                                                                                  Constraints
•   The business scale in this sector is relatively small and the product quality is under standard.
                                                                                                                                                             There are enough educated human resources.                                                        • Declining number of farm labors and agricultural area.
                                                                                                                                                             Each     local       government     has  different value-added
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               • Conventional cultivation and limited infrastructure facilities.
•   The exchange value of agricultural products remains too low since they do not get any value-added value.                                                 agricultural products.
                                                                                                                                                             The sub-sector of fishery is potential to be developed.                                           • Partial product standardization and labeling.
•   There is a great number of agricultural land converted to non-agricultural purposes.
                                                                                                                                                             It is possible to make land extension for commodities
•   There are limited infrastructure facilities, market network and information.                                                                             oriented to fulfill the needs of the community.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ECONOMY
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Agriculture 3 - 10
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                     Migrant Destination                                  Percentage of Recent In-Migrant                     P o p u la tio n G ro w th (% )
                                                                     DIY Sub-District Population Growth                 Outside DIY                                              DIY Province 2000                             D IY P ro v in c e
                                                                                                                  Province              Percentage                     Province                Percentage                      U rb a n /R u ra l
                                                                                1990-2000                                                                                                                                                                   1 9 8 0 -1 9 9 0    1 9 9 0 -2 0 0 0
                                                                                                                                                                       Sumatera                                14,0           U rb a n                               7 ,8 5 %          3 ,3 5 %
                                                                                                                  Aceh                           0,3
                                                                                                                                                                       DKI Jakarta                             15,8           R u ra l                              -2 ,7 5 %         -2 ,0 0 %
                                                                                                                  Sumut                          1,7
                                                                                                                                                                       Jawa Barat                              15,3           D IY P r o v in c e                    0 ,5 8 %          0 ,7 2 %
                                                                                                                  Sumbar                           1
                                                                                                                  Riau                           3,1                   Jawa Tengah                             33,3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              S o u rc e : S e n s u s P e n d u d u k D IY
                                                                                                                  Jambi                          2,5                   Jawa Timur                              10,1
                                                                                                                  Sumsel                         7,8                   Nusa Tenggara - Bali                     1,6
                                                                                                                  Lampung                       15,8
                                                                                                                                                                       Kalimantan                               6,1
                                                                                                                  DKI                           17,8
                                                                                                                                                                       Sulawesi                                 1,3
                                                                                                                  Jawa Barat                    16,7
                                                                                                                  Jawa Tengah                   17,8                   Maluku - Irian Jaya                      1,0
                                                                                                                  Jawa Timur                     4,9                   Abroad                                   1,7
                                                                                                                  Tenggara                       0,8                   Source: SP2000-M
                                                                                                                  Kalimantan                     4,5
                                                                                                                  Sulawesi                       3,3
                                                                                                                  Maluku                         0,2
                                                                                                                  Irian Jaya                     0,7
                                                                                                                  Source : SUPAS 1995




                                                                                                                  L if e T im e M ig ra t io n in D IY P r o v in c e
                                                                                                                  T y p e o f M ig ra n t                                                 1971                      1980                         1990                           2000
                                                                                                                  Im m ig r a n t                                                             9 9 .7 8 2              1 7 5 .7 8 9                   2 6 4 .8 4 2                 3 8 5 .1 1 7
         Population Growth
            1990 - 2000                                                                                           E m m ig r a n t                                                          2 6 6 .9 3 3              2 5 3 .4 4 7                   5 0 8 .2 1 5                 7 8 4 .1 5 4
                Negatif
                Positif                                                                                           N e tto M ig r a n t                                                    - 1 6 7 .1 5 1              - 7 7 .6 5 8                 - 2 4 3 .3 7 3               - 3 9 9 .0 3 7
            Urban Rural                                                                                           S o u r c e : S e n s u s P e n d u d u k D IY
                 Urban
                 Rural

      Administrative Boundaries
                                                                                                                  Population Distribution by Urban - Rural
            Provincial Boundary                                                                                                                           Rural                                        Urban                                            Total Population
            Regency Boundary                                                                                        Municipal/
            Sub - District Bondary
                                                                                                                    Regency                     1980          1990            2000          1980             1990          2000                  1980                   1990              2000

                                       Source: Sensus Penduduk DIY                                                 Gunungkidul              638.100       622.874      635.558            21.386           28.130       34.875             659.486                651.004            670.433
                                                                                                                   Kulonprogo               362.430       341.168      304.578            18.255           31.141       66.366             380.685                372.309            370.944
                                                                                                                   Bantul                   569.467       275.120      219.075            64.975      421.785          561.938             634.442                696.905            781.013
                                                                                                                   Sleman                   568.953       379.393      162.754        108.370         400.941          738.623             677.323                780.334            901.377
                                                                                                                   Yogyakarta                        -            -       -           394.965         412.059          396.711             394.965                412.059            396.711
                                                                                                                                          2.140.930      1.620.545    1.323.965       607.951       1.294.056         1.798.513          2.748.881             2.914.601           3.122.478
                                                                                                                  Source: Sensus Penduduk DIY
Demography
                                                                                                                  Strength                                                                             Weakness
Facts                                                                                                             •   Sleman and Bantul have become the centers of                                     •  The skill of workers is low, and the bargaining position
•   Based on the population census conducted in 2000, the province of DIY has a total of 3,122,478 people             education                                                                           in work markets is limited
    consisting of 745.216 households, spread over the five local governments. The population growth rate is       •   Qualified human resources are available
    0.72% (Indonesia 1.49%).                                                                                      •   There are opportunities to work for non-agricultural
•   Based on the classification of urban-rural population in DIY, the urban population is estimated at 58%            sectors
    (1,798,513 people), while the rural population 42% (1,323,965 people).                                        Opportunity                                                                          Threat
                                                                                                                  •   The remittance sent by migrants is used for household                            •   Lack of productive-aged groups and human resources
•   During the last decade (1990-2000), the number of out-migration of DIY Province is higher than the in-
                                                                                                                      and local economic development                                                      in the agricultural sector cause brain drain
    migration of respectively 784,000 and 385,117 people, meaning that the growth of migration is negative.
                                                                                                                  •   There are opportunities for household economic                                   •   The increase of temporary migrants may endanger the
Trend                                                                                                                 development                                                                         urban infrastructure
• The composition of the urban-rural population has shifted from dominantly rural to urban.
• The phenomena of negative migration growth will continue during this decade.
                                                                                                                  Potentials                                                                           Constraints
Factors                                                                                                           •   Development of training centers                                                  •  Indecisiveness of the government in sending human
• The urban area grows faster since the urban economy becomes the leading sector. In addition, there is a shift   •   Improvement of stakeholder network to develop                                       resources aboard, including poor protection to TKI
   from rural to urban status due to the provision of urban facilities and infrastructure.                           demographic data                                                                     (Indonesian workers employed overseas).
• The main reason of out-migration is for employment purposes. The destinations are Central Java, Jakarta,        •   Improvement the access to work opportunities,                                    •  Low awareness and appreciation of the community
                                                                                                                     education and information.                                                           towards to the significance of population registration.
   West Java and Lampung. The in-migrations are originally from Central Java, Jakarta, and West Java. The
                                                                                                                                                                                                       •  Strong motivation of productive-aged groups to move to
   reason of in-migration is also for the purposes of studying.                                                                                                                                           the urban areas.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 SOCIAL
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Demography 3 - 11
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                                                       Number of Private and State Universities in DIY                                                                                            Number of Students in DIY Province
    Spread of High Education in DIY Province                                             Legenda :
                                                                                         Legend :                                              Province , Year 2000 - 2002                                                                                                                 Year 200 - 2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     250000
                                                                                             Urban                     120                                                                                                                                                                                            182,919                               190,479
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   182,919
                                                                                             Rural                     100                         89                                                                     102
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     200000


                                                                                                                         80                                                           102                                                            150000
                                                                                          G Universitas
                                                                                          G
                                                                                            University                   60
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     100000                         73,762
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        78,779                          83,006
                                                                                                                         40
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       50000
                                                                                                                         20

                                                                                                                            0
                                                                                                                                                     6                                  6                                 6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                               2000                               2001                              2002                                                      2000                                  2001                                2002
                                                                                                                                                              P rivate Universities         S tate Universities
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Private Universities                     State Universities

                                                                                                                  Source : DIY Dalam angka, BPS Prop. DIY                                                                                      Source : DIY Dalam angka, BPS Prop. DIY

                                                                                                                  LIVING COST of UNIVERSITY STUDENT, 2000-2003 ( x Million Rp)
                                                                                                                  (Not included Donation for New Student)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Percentage of Students Origins in DIY Province, year 2000
                                                                                                                                                                           Expenses Per Student                                           Total Expenses Stutends
                                                                                                                      No.                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.25
                                                                                                                                 Description                  2000          2001          2002              2003                2000          2001        2002               2003                                     0.40
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1.51    0.32            0.42
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3.45
                                                                                                                        1       Food                        2,030,598       2,284,137   2,528,099          2,828,800            521,216       597,754     691,397             821,848
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2.50
                                                                                                                        2       Book                          526,380         584,671     646,260            722,078            135,112       153,007     176,742             209,785                                                                                    3.92

                                                                                                                        3       Transportation                661,495         702,150     743,252            791,451            169,793       183,751     203,268             229,939
                                                                                                                        4       Health                        534,160         559,682     585,196            614,702            137,109       146,468     160,042             178,589
                                                                                                                        5       Cloth                         429,498         448,234     466,910            488,400            110,244       117,302     127,693             141,894                                                                             3.77
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         8.25
                                                                                                                        6       Entertainment                 441,107         452,232     463,163            475,477            113,224       118,348     126,668             138,140                    Sum atra                     DK I Jakarta                W est Java
                                                                                                                        7       Tuition Fee                 1,404,511       1,478,433   1,598,306          1,775,895            360,511       386,903     437,113             515,949                    Central Java                 East Java                   Nusa Tenggara -Bali
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Kalim antan                  Sulaw esi                   Maluku- Irian Jaya
                                                                                                                        8       Accomodation                1,384,715       1,457,595   1,550,633          1,676,360            355,430       381,450     424,075             487,031                    Luar negeri
                                                                                                                        9       Other                         209,092         224,735     242,110            257,430             53,670        58,813      66,213              74,791            Source : SP-2000
                                                                                                                                Total                       7,621,556       8,191,869   8,823,929          9,630,593          1,956,309     2,143,796   2,413,212           2,797,967
                                                                                                                  Source: Survei BI Yogyakarta - 2003 yang diolah dan DIY Dalam Angka 2000-2002                                                  9.6%       12.6%               15.9%

                                                                                                                                               E x p en s e s o f S t u d e n ts in D IY P r o v in c e                                                                            M O NEY O R D ER T O ST U D EN T

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4%
                                                                                                                                                                                 O thers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2%
                                                                                                                                                                     H ealth                          T u ition F ee
                                                                                                                                        E n tertainm en t
                                                                                                                                                                       6%          4%                                                                                     9%                                                                4%
                                                                                                                                               5%                                                          18 %
                                                                                                                                T r an s portation
                                                                                                                                        8%                                                                        B ook
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   9%
                                                                                                                                       C loth es
                                                                                                                                          5%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         81%
                                                                                                                                     A c c om od ation
                                                                                                                                                                                                   F ood
                                                                                                                                            17 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                   28 %

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 < 0,5 M illion     0,5 - 1M illion      1 - 1,5 M illion           1,5 - 2 M illion         > 2 M illion


                                                                                                                  S ou rc e: H as il S urvei Ins id en tal B I Y ogyakarta (T riw u lan II- 20 03)                                               S our c e: H as il S ur vei Ins id en tal B I Yogy ak arta (T riw u lan II-2 003 )




High Education in DIY
Facts
• High education in DIY has been established since the independence day for Indonesia. At present there
   are six state universities and 102 private universities. There are a total of approximately 270 thousand       Gadjah Mada University                                                         Government University of Yogyakarta                                               STIE YKPN
   students.
• 25% of the university students come from the cities, and only a few from other countries. The students are        Strength                                                                                                                    Weakness
   mostly from the five provinces Central Java, DKI Jakarta, West Java, East Java and Sumatera.                     •   The image of Yogya as a student city remains strong                                                                     •   The standardized accreditation is weak.
                                                                                                                    •   The educational facilities are sufficiently good.                                                                       •   Tuition fees are unaffordable to low-income groups.
• The presence of universities has strongly influenced the local economy of Yogyakarta. This can be seen
                                                                                                                    •   The local culture highly appreciates the education                                                                      •   Living costs are increasing.
   from the students’ expenditure of Rp 9.6 million per student in 2003 (around Rp. 26,000/day). The sector of
                                                                                                                    Opportunity                                                                                                                 Threat
   trade and service, like transportation, boarding houses, inns and restaurants, stationeries, laundry,            •   Development of a high educational network to enhance                                                                    •   The metropolitan, consumptive and free-sex life-style
   amusement centers exist because of the universities                                                                  the quality.                                                                                                                will get stronger
Trend                                                                                                               •   Development of vocational schools.                                                                                      •   The incidences of crime (and drugs) will increase.
• During the last three years, the number of students from other cities has declined.                                                                                                                                                           •   The traffic condition will get worse.
• Living costs in DIY are increasing, This also applies for the students.                                                                                                                                                                       •   Other cities will establish universities on their own
Factor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              areas.
• The interest to study in DIY declines due to the high living cost in Yogyakarta. The image of Yogyakarta
   also gets worse due to the issues of drugs, free sex, and the establishment of universities in other cities.     Potentials                                                                                                                  Constraints
• The increasing living cost is due to a shift to a metropolitan life-style.                                        •   Establishment of an appropriate technology-based                                                                        •  The quality of high education is low.
                                                                                                                        vocational school.                                                                                                      •  The inter-university coordination is weak.
                                                                                                                    •   Promotion of inter-educational institution cooperation,                                                                 •  The zoning plan for universities is getting unclear.
                                                                                                                        nationally and inter-nationally.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 SOCIAL
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Education 3 - 12
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Special Province of Yogyakarta


     Distribution of Education Facilities                                                                                                                                                                                 Education Level
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   190.000
                                                                                    Legend :
                                                                                    I   Primary and Secondary Education
                                                                                    G University
                                                                                    G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Not Education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Unfinished BS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Elementary School
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Junior High School
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Senior High School
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          University




                                                                                                                           Source : Dinas Pendidikan Prop. DIY




                                                                                                                          Percentage of Population Age 7 years and above
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 PERCENTAGE OF LITERACY in DIY PROVINCE
                                                                                                                          by Age and School-Leaver in DIY Province
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1980,1990,2000 BY AGE
                                                                                                                                                                   2000                              2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        120.0
                                                                                                                              Age        Never went           School      Graduated/ Never went   School    Graduated/D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        100.0
                                                                                                                                         to School            Going        Drop out   to School   Going       rop out                                                                                           10-44
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         80.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           97.2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                45+
                                                                                                                              7-12                1.31            98.29         0.40      0.55      98.99         0.46                   60.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   84.1               94.1          79.9                 83.9




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10+
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               69.7
                                                                                                                              13-15               0.84            94.21         4.95      0.26      94.27         5.47                   40.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             46.7                 57.3
                                                                                                                              16-18               1.53            73.76        24.71      0.77      72.64        26.59                   20.0           31.5
    Source : Dinas Pendidikan Prop. DIY                                                                                       19-24               1.05            37.37        61.22      0.36      39.93        59.71
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.0
                                                                                                                          Source : SP-2000 & BPS, Prop. DIY                                                                                             1980             1990                 2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Year


Education in DIY                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Source : Sensus Penduduk 2000




Facts                                                                                                                      Strength                                                                               Weakness
• The Human Development Index (HDI) of DIY Province is the third highest in Indonesia. The literacy rate is high           •   The facilities for Kindergarten, Elementary Schools,                                   •  The increase in tuition fee is much higher than the
   (85.9%) withy an average schooling of 8.1 years (the top 10).                                                               Secondary Schools, Senior High Schools and                                                increase in household income.
• In view of the educational background, most people in DIY are of high school graduates, while those with master              universities have been provided.                                                       •  The high quality education is still concentrated in the
                                                                                                                           •   The awareness of the people to learn is high.                                             urban areas.
   and bachelor degrees amount to only 7%.
                                                                                                                           Opportunity                                                                            Threat
• The educational facilities for elementary and secondary schools are evenly distributed in the entire province, but       •   There is an opportunity for the educational business                                   •  Education that so far has been socially oriented will
   the high education is centralized in the City of Yogyakarta. Of 108 universities in DIY, 97% are in the urban areas         stakeholders to conduct a coordination in the efforts to                                  become more and more business oriented.
                                                                                                                               decrease the number of dropouts.                                                       •  The uneven distribution of high quality educational
Trend                                                                                                                      •   There is an opportunity to decentralize the educational                                   will bring about ‘expensive school’.
• With the increasing cost for secondary and high education, the capability to access to the educational sector in             facilities in entire the province.
    DIY will decline, especially for the low-income groups. Approximately 60% of the people of between 19 and 24
    years of age no longer continue their studies.                                                                         Potentials                                                                             Constraints
                                                                                                                           •   Development of educational guaranteeing program for                                   •    The budget allocated for the educational sector is
Factors                                                                                                                        poor households with schooling-aged children.                                              less than 20% of the total development budget.
• Realizing that DIY is a small province and the access roads are in good condition, the distribution of educational       •   Development of open school program.
   facilities are relatively reachable.                                                                                    •   Optimization of vocational schools.
• GDP per capita of DIY is relatively small. If the educational cost (tuition fee) continues to increase, the number of    •   Even distribution of educational facilities.
   students able to continue their studies in high education will decline.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           SOCIAL
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Education 3 - 13
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                         NUMBER OF HEALTH FACILITY BY REGENCY/MUNICIPALITY IN DIY PROVINCE
                                                                                                                                                                       YEAR 2002
                                                                    Health Facilities in DIY Province
                                                                                                                                                                                    Regencies/M unicipalities
                                                                                                                              Health Facility              Kulon                    Gunung                    Y ogyakarta        DIY
                                                                                                                                                           Progo        Bantul       Kidul      Sleman        M unicipality    Province
                                                                                                                   General Hospital                                2            3           1            7                 3            16
                                                                                                                   Sanatorium                                      0            0           0            1                 1             2
                                                                                                                   Special Hospital                                1            3           0            0                 6            10
                                                                                                                   1. Surgery Hospital                             1            1           0            0                 1             3
                                                                                                                   2. Others Hospital                              0            2           0            0                 5             7
                                                                                                                   Public Health Centre                           91          117         141           96                30           475
                                                                                                                   1. Public Health Centre                        20           26          29           33                18           126
                                                                                                                   2. Sub Public Health                           59           65         112           63                12           311
                                                                                                                   3. Mobile Public Health                        12           26           0            0                 0            38
                                                                                                                   Practitioner                                  177          361          65           77               320          1000
                                                                                                                   1. General Doctor                              48          123          61           75               151           458
                                                                                                                   2. Specialist Doctor                           15           15           0            0                94           124
                                                                                                                   3. Dentist                                     17           20           4            2                32            75
                                                                                                                   4. Specialist of Doctor                         0            1           0            0                 3             4
                                                                                                                   5. Midwife                                     97          198           0            0                34           329
                                                                                                                   Practitioner Group                              0            4           0            0                 6            10
                                                                                                                   1. General Doctor                               0            4           0            0                 3             7
                                                                                                                   2. Specialist Doctor                            0            0           0            0                 2             2
                                                                                                                   3. Dentist                                      0            0           0            0                 1             1
                                                                                                                   4. Specialist of Doctor                         0            0           0            0                 0             0
                                                                                                                   Child & M aternal Health House                  1            1           0            0                 5             0
                                                                                                                   M aternal Clinic                                5            7           0            0                12            24
                                                                                                                   Village Child delivery post                    33           25          33           28                 0           119
                                                                                                                   Polyclinic                                      1           14           0            0                20            35
                                                                                                                   Clinic Laboratorium                             0            0           0            0                 6             6
                                                                                                                   Optical                                         2           34           0            0                17            53
                                                                                                                   Regency/City Farmation Kabupaten                1            1           0            0                 1             3
                                                                                                                   Pharmacy                                        5           34           0            0                94           133              Regency hospital Sleman
                                                                                                                   Drug store                                      2            1           0            0                42            45
                                                                                                                   Traditional Drug Store                          7           21           8           48                36           120
                                                                                                                   Integrated Health services                    876          957        1196         1219               528          4776
                                                                                                                   Village M edicine Post                          6           14           1           13                 0            34
                                                                                                                   Source : 1).Dinas Kesehatan & Kesejahteraan Sosial DIY, 2).PODES ST 2003 BPS Propinsi DIY




                                                                                                                                                         COMMUNITY HEALTH LEVEL - DIY PROVINCE AND NATIONAL
              Health Facilities
       B Department of Health
       / Public Health Centre non Beds                                                                                                                                                                         INDONESIA                                        DIY
       / Public Health Centre with Beds                                                                                                                  Health Index
       ç Special Hospital                                                                                                                                                                           1971         1980  1990            2000*    1971    1980     1990      2000
       ç Goverment's Hospital
       ç Private Hospital                                                                                                         Life Expectancy                                                     45.7        52.2         59.8      65.4    53.4    61.8       66.6    71.2
                                                                                                                                  Infants' Mortality rate (per 1000 infant)                             145        109          71         47     102      62         42      25
  Source: Album Peta, Bappeda Propinsi DIY
                                                                                                                                  Toddler Mortality Rate (per 1000 Toddler)                           -           -             63       -       -       -            63    -
                                                                                                                                  Maternity Mortality Rate                                                                              4.4                                1.1
                                                                                                                                  Gross Mortality Rate (per 1000 Population)                          -           -             7.5     7.5      -       -           4.4   7.6
 Health Facilities in DIY                                                                                                         * based on calculations from 1998 data                                                                                        Source : Susenas
                                                                                                                                  -) data not available
 Facts
 • High quality medical services are centralized in Sleman Regency and Yogyakarta Municipality.                    Strength                                                                                     Weakness
                                                                                                                   •    With regards to the health facilities, there is a strong                                •  The high quality health facilities are not yet evenly distributed
 • Based on the existing data, Gunungkidul Regency has got the worst condition pertaining to the giving-birth           coordination among the local governments in DIY.                                           in entire DIY. They are concentrated in the Regency of Sleman
    process assisted by paramedics. The number of people who give medical treatment to and by themselves is        •    The Puskesmas (public health service center) and Sub-                                      and Yogyakarta City.
    also high, compared to other regencies/city in DIY.                                                                 Puskesmas have been evenly distributed in entire DIY.                                   •  Pertaining to the quality medical workers, there is still a gap
 Trend                                                                                                             •    The access roads and public transports connecting to the five                              among the local governments in DIY.
                                                                                                                        local governments in DIY are sufficiently good.                                         •
 • The people living in the regencies of Bantul, Gunungkidul and Kulon Progo prefer to go to Sleman Regency        Strength                                                                                     Weakness
     and Yogyakarta City for medical treatment.                                                                    •    With regards to the health facilities, there is a strong                                •  The high quality health facilities are not yet evenly distributed
 • There will be a gap in the development of health facilities between Sleman Regency and Yogyakarta City and           coordination among the local governments in DIY.                                           in entire DIY. They are concentrated in the Regency of Sleman
     the other regencies of Bantul, Kulon Progo and Gunungkidul.                                                   •    The Puskesmas (public health service center) and Sub-                                      and Yogyakarta City.
 Factor                                                                                                                 Puskesmas have been evenly distributed in entire DIY.                                   •  Pertaining to the quality medical workers, there is still a gap
                                                                                                                   •    The access roads and public transports connecting to the five                              among the local governments in DIY.
 • The high quality health services are concentrated in the Regency of Sleman and Yogyakarta City.                      local governments in DIY are sufficiently good.
 • The quality health resources are not evenly distributed in the entire DIY.
 • The availability of access roads and public transports and the short distance among the regencies/city in DIY   Potentials                                                                                   Constraints
    has made it possible for the people to mobilize.                                                               •   Development of new small clinics in areas which have so far                              •   The development of high quality health facilities are only
                                                                                                                       from existing health facilities.                                                             concentrated in the Regency of Sleman and Yogyakarta City.
                                                                                                                   •   Improvement of the quality of Puskesmas and Sub-Puskesmas                                •   There is no standardized health management for inter-
                                                                                                                       located in the rural areas, sub-districts and kampong.                                       municipal coordination and urban-rural linkages.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SOCIAL
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Health 3 - 14
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                         REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                                      MAJOR HOSPITALS IN DIY PROVINCE

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Doctor
                                                                                                                                Hospital                 level        Beds        Specialist        General           Dentist       Pharmacist Paramedics
                                                                                                                      RSUP Dr. Sardjito                    B                698           732                35                 9           16         1901
                                                                                                                      RS Bethesda                          B                601            59                21                 3            5         1147
                                                                                                                      RS Panti Rapih                       C                360            12                 8                 1            1          945
                                                                                                                      RS PKU Muhammadiyah                  C                235            53                17                 6            2          551
                                                                                                                      RS Mata Yap                          C                 97       *         *                 *                 *            *
                                                                                                                      RS Gracia                            A                272             4                 6                 2            3          198
                                                                                                                      Source : Profil Kesehatan Propinsi DIY, T ahun 2001
                                                                                                                      Note : * Data not available




                                                                                      DIY Province




Source: Album Peta, Bappeda Propinsi DIY



Regional Health Facilities
Facts
                                                                                                                      Strength                                                              Weakness
• There are five regional-scale health facilities, i.e. Sardjito General Hospital, Bethesda General Hospital, Panti   •   There are 5 Type-B hospitals in DIY with regional                 •   The quality of medical service is not enough vis-à-vis
   Rapih General Hospital, the general hospital of ‘PKU’ Muhammadiyah and dr. Yap Eye-Hospital.                           service coverage.                                                     the regional service coverage.
• Approximately 25% of the total patients come from outside DIY, i.e. from the cities of Klaten, Wonogiri,            •   Some universities (UGM, UMY, UII) have medical and                •   The transparence in medical management (ethical
   Sukoharjo, Pacitan, Megelang, Temanggung, Wonosobo and Purwokerto.                                                     pharmaceutical departments.                                           code) is not adequate.
                                                                                                                      •   The transportation network in DIY is well developed.              •   The ratio of hospital rooms and patients in the context
Trend                                                                                                                                                                                           of regional service coverage is quite high.
• The access to the hospitals by the people in DIY and outside DIY tends to increase in line with the increase of     Opportunity                                                           Threat
   facilities and hospital management.                                                                                •  DIY has a vast hinterland in relation to the regional              •   The environmental conditions decline due to pollution,
                                                                                                                         service coverage (DIY, the areas of Kedu and                           traffic jams, spatial densification, etc.
Factor                                                                                                                   Banyumas).
                                                                                                                      •  There is an opportunity to develop a Regiona VIP
• The increasing number of newcomers, students and tourists has increased the need for better health facilities.         Hospital.
• People have access to the information of high quality hospitals.
• Inter-municipal transport is well developed.                                                                        Potentials                                                               Constraints
• The medical cost in DIY is lower than that of other big cities in Indonesia.                                        •   There is a possibility to develop a special hospital with             •  There is no zoning for regional health services.
                                                                                                                          alternative medical care (herbal therapy).


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     SOCIAL
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Health 3 - 15
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                    REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                                                                                                            Preserved Cultural Area
                                                                                                     Legend : :
                                                                                                     Legenda
                                                                                                         Urban
                                                                                                         Rural

                                                                                                      | Benda Cagar Budaya
                                                                                                      | Preserved Cultural
                                                                                                            Object
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Tugu




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Krapyak

                                                                                                                                              Culture Area

                                                                                                                                            Sokoliman
                                                                                                                                            Am barbinangun
                                                                                                                                            Am barketawang
                                                                                                                                            Kotabaru
                                                                                                                                            Kotagede
                                                                                                                                            Sultan Palace
                                                                                                                                            Pleret
                                                                                                                                            Pram banan Tem ples
                                                                                                                                            Puro Pakualaman
                                                                                                                                            Ratu Boko
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Sultan Palace




               Distribution of Cultural Heritage in the Special
                  Province of Yogyakarta in the year 2002
                          KULON
                          PROGO             SLEMAN
                           12%                7%

           BANTUL
             22%


                                                                                                                                       Gamelan                         Wooden masks                   Traditional Dancing               Batik
                                                             KOTA
                 GUNUNG                                   YOGYAKARTA
                  KIDUL                                      53%
                   6%                                                  Source : Studi Penggalian dan Inventarisasi Benda-Benda Cagar
  Source: Analyses YUDP                                                Budaya Propinsi DIY, Dinas Pariwisata Prop. DIY

                                                                                                                                        Strength                                                      Weakness
Culture DIY                                                                                                                             •   There are significant cultural heritage, both tangible    •  Degradation of the value and tangible cultural assets
                                                                                                                                            and non-tangible.                                         •  The absence of regulation that protects the endeavors
Facts                                                                                                                                   •   Javanese culture and the existence of Kraton Yogya           of cultural heritage preservation.
                                                                                                                                            are strongly pictured in Yogyakartanese behavior          •  The cultural development only serves as tourism
• Yogyakarta City has grown under the influence of Islamic culture and Dutch colonialism times. The typical                             •   Relative close to the potential cultural assets located      commodity.
    feature of the city is dominantly influenced by cosmological power of Islamic Mataram Kingdom, i.e. the                                 outside DIY (Borobudur, Dieng, Kraton Solo, Kota          •  The O&M of cultural assets do not take into account
    configuration of Kraton – Alun-alun – Mosque and Market all oriented to the North – South axis                                          Lama Semarang, Ambarawa).                                    their significance and utilization.
• The behaviour, norms, arts and taboos of the community are much influenced by Hindu and Buddhist culture.                             •   Active participation from those concerned with
    The urban culture is more cosmopolitan. Several cultural events like Garebeg – three major Muslim religious                             cultural asset preservation, management and
    festivals (Mulud-Sekaten, Syawal and Besar), Bekakak and Sesaji Laut - Merapi (food presented to the South                              utilization (Dewan Kebudayaan, Seniman, Tokoh
    Sea and Merapi Volcano) have been scheduled for tourism attractions.                                                                    Budaya, LSM, UNESCO).
• There are 12 coservation areas, namely: Kraton, Pakualaman, Prambanan & Ratu Boko, Malioboro,                                         Opportunity                                                   Threat
    Kotabaru, Imogiri Graveyard, Parangtritis, Amberbinangun, Ambarketawang, Pleret, Sokoliman and                                      •   Optimization of cultural asset utilization                •   Destruction of cultural assets for other purposes.
                                                                                                                                        •   Optimization of the participation community, private      •   The shift into consumptive habit leading to cultural
    Kotagede.
                                                                                                                                            sector, universities, interest groups.                        asset commercialization.
Trend.
                                                                                                                                        •   Optimization of those concerned with cultural asset
• Yogyakarta City and Sultan Palace of Yogyakarta are still regarded the cultural cente of Java by Javanese                                 preservation, management and utilization
    and Indonesian people
• The philosophic imaginary axe of Panggung Krapyak – Kraton – Tugu has got faded.                                                      Potentials                                                    Constraints
• The appreciation to culture has been promoted by cultural artists.                                                                    •   Make the cultural assets as potential attractions for     •  Different understanding among the local heads on the
Factors                                                                                                                                     socio-economic development (education, tourism,              tangible and non-tangible cultural asset preservation.
• The preserved existence of Kraton Yogyakarta is a cultural ‘goal keeper’.                                                                 trade).                                                   •  The community’s cultural identity declines.
• The urban growth and spatial practices do not take into account the philosophic imaginary axe of Panggung                             •   Optimize the utilization of cultural assets (galleries,
    Krapyak – Kraton – Tugu.                                                                                                                arts house, restaurants, ritual ceremonies, etc.)
• The adhere cultural image is the potential of Yogya.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   CULTURAL
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Cultural 3 - 16
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                 REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                              Special Province of Yogyakarta

   Elevation ( m )                                          Catchment Areas
                                                                                                     Regional Environment
                                                           Bengawan Solo
         <225                                              Bogowonto
         225
                                                                                                     Facts
                                                           Bogri
                                                           Dengking
         450                                               Kali Munggi
         750
                                                                                                        • Topography
                                                           Karst (Underground Rivers)
         1.050                                             Opak
                                                           Progo
         1.350                                             Serang Jepara
         1.650
         1.950
                                                           Serang Wates
                                                           Tuntang                                          - With the slope of between 0 and 15%, the zones of Semarang – Surakarta – middle zone of DIY
         2.250
         2.550
                                                                  River
                                                                                                                – Magelang are suitable for agricultural porposes.
         2.850
         3.150
         3.450
                                                                  Lake
                                                                                                            - Some hilly and mountainous areas, i.e. Menoreh mountain range, Merapi volcano, and the other
                                                                                                                mountains of Merbabu, Sumbing, Sindoro, Telomoyo and Ungaran forms and borders the zone of
                                                                                                                Magelang. This becomes the natural constraint between the zones of Magelang and Semarang.
                                                                                                            - The south-western parts, i.e. Gunungkidul – Wonogiri, are located in a karst mountain range.
                                                                                                        • Hydrology
                                                                                                            Under the regional context, the areas in DIY and its surroundings are rich of water. The rain intensity
                                                                                                            is high, between 2,000 and 3,000 mm/year. The surface water derives from some river catchment
                                                                                                            areas and underground rivers.
                                                                                                         • Hazardous areas
                                                                                                           The hazardous areas of Joglosemar are as follows:
                                                                                                            - Semarang zone: landslide hazard and flood hazard especially along the coastal line.
                                                                                                            - Surakarta zone: erosion and flood hazards (Bengawan Solo River)
                                                                                                            - DIY zone: volcanic hazard, as well as erosion and flood hazards (Bantul and Kulon Progo)
                                                                                                            - Magelang zone: volcanic hazard, erosion and landslide.
                                                                                                            - Purworejo zone: erosion and flood hazards.




                                                                                                     Strength                                                     Weakness
 Source : Balai POO, Yogyakarta                    Source : Balai POO, Yogyakarta                    • The area is rich of various natural resources              • The urban-rural development does not take into
                                                                                                         (mountains, sea, floodplain, fertile areas, adequate        account the efforts to preserve the environmental
                                                                                                         water)                                                      condition and natural resources.
      Slope
      Kemiringan
                                                      Environmental Hazards
                                                                                                     • The volcanic areas are very fertile with beautiful         • The quality of natural resources (forest, water
                                                                                                         natural landscape. They are potential for agricultural      catchment areas, rivers) declines and it causes
                                                       Area of systematical erosion
                                                       High erosion
        0-8%                                           Medium erosion
        8 - 15 %
        15 - 25 %
                                                       Light erosion
                                                       Permanently flooded                               purposes and eco-tourism.                                   disasters. For example, during the rainy season,
                                                                                                     • Some flood areas are very potential for agriculture, as
                                                       Flooded with sediment
        25 - 40 %
        > 40 %
                                                       Often flooded
                                                       Occasionally flooded
                                                                                                                                                                     floods often take place in the northern areas and
                                                       Forbidden area
                                                       Danger area                                       they frequently receive fertile sediment.                   during the dry season they suffer from drought.
                                                                                                     Opportunity                                                  Threat
                                                                                                     • Conservation of protection areas, especially for areas     • The rivers are polluted by both agricultural and non-
                                                                                                         functioning as lower areas.                                 agricultural activities (domestic and industrial wastes).
                                                                                                     • Cooperation between regencies and provinces for            • Deforestation and urbanization take place in the water
                                                                                                         conservation of protection areas and for management         catchment areas.
                                                                                                         of eco-tourism                                           • Zones with acute environmental degradation:
                                                                                                                                                                  • Permanent flood hazard (Semarang Zone)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Serious erosion hazard (Magelang Zone: the slope
                                                                                                                                                                     areas of Sumbing and Sindoro Mountains)
                                                                                                      Potentials                                                  Constraints
                                                                                                      • Environmental conservation for eco-tourism and            • Socialization of conserved areas to the grass-root
                                                                                                         (organic) agricultural developments.                        community.
                                                                                                      • Development of food crops cultivation, especially
                                                                                                         during the dry season, on the flood hazardous areas in
                                                                                                         Demak – Grobogan, river catchment areas of
                                                                                                         Bengawan Solo (Sragen-Surakarta-Sukoharjo-
                                                                                                         Karanganyar-Boyolali-Klaten) and flood hazardous
                                                                                                         areas in DIY (Bantul-Kulon Progo)
                                                                                                      • Development of the urban corridors of Surakarta -
                                                                                                         Yogya – Magelang and Surakarta – Yogya –
                                                                                                         Purworejo.

                                                   Source : South Java Flood Control & Bappeda DIY
 Source : South Java Flood Control & Bappeda DIY




                                                                                                                                                                                                     ENVIRONMENT
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                     Environment 3 - 17
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                 RESULTS OF AIR QUALITY EXAMINATION
                                                                                                                                Mei-03
            SPOTS OF AIR QUALITY                                                                                            PARAM ETER                          STANDARD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SPOTS OF AIR QUALITY EXAM INATION
                                                                                                                                                                                               A                  B               C              D             E       F           G                 H              I               J               K               L           M              N           O
               EXAMINATION                                                                                       PHYSIC

                  May 2003                                                                                       1. Temperature
                                                                                                                 2. Humidity
                                                                                                                                                                     °C
                                                                                                                                                                    % RH
                                                                                                                                                                                            30,5
                                                                                                                                                                                            70,8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  32
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  80
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               32,2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  59
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              32,2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               59
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             32
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             68
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      30,5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       71
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   31
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   67
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    32
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    64
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   31
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   64
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   59
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    73
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                28,5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                75
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                31
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                64
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               66
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           33
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           55
                                                                                                                 3. W ind Direction                                     X°                 T(90°)        B(270 °)           T(90 °)        Tg(135 °)     T(90 °)   U(0 °)    S(180 °)          T(90 °)       U(0 °)          S(180 °)         U(0 °)         U(0 °)         S(180 °)       S(180 °)   S(180 °)
                                                                                                                 4. W ind Velocity                                2 km/jam                     7,2          2,1                 1,5           3,8            4,2       1,8      2,4                3,6           4,2            4,04              2,7           2,52           7,4            6,4        1,8
                                                                                                                 5. W eather                                            -                  Sunny              Sunny           Sunny          Sunny         Sunny     Sunny        Sunny            Sunny          Sunny        Sunny            Sunny          Sunny          Sunny          Sunny        Sunny
                                                                                                                 6. Noise                                         65 dB (A)                 84,5              74,6             76,2           78,3          75,1      76,8         76,6             76,5          75,7             73,5          74,1           76,1           76,5           75,6         75,5


                                                                                                                 CHEMICAL
                                                                                                                 1. Sulphur dioxide (SO 2 )                      900 ug/m 3                 0,92              6,03             2,93           2,15           1,2     53,36         5,9              1,72          2,81             1,23         4,171           0,69           2,76           1,9          1,08
                                                                                                                 2. Carbon monoxide (CO)                        30.000 ug/m 3              5.750              9.200           5.750          11.900        9.200     3.450        16.100           11.500      21.850          8.050            10.350        13.800          8.050          5.750        6.900
                                                                                                                 3. Nitrogen Dioxide (NO 2 )                     400 ug/m 3                21,05              10,13           30,61          29,49         63,87      0,09        188,3            34,98          75,18            3,99         57,46          87,77          15,55          36,97        48,66
                                                                                                                 4. Ozone (O 3 )                                 235 ug/m 3                13,03              12,59           25,06          33,15         56,52     28,75         113             59,93          22,84            28,1         154,4          57,77           15,1           32,7        83,71
                                                                                                                 5. Hydrocarbon (HC)                             160 ug/m        3          131               196,5           85,15            65           131       131         131,11           131,11         131              65,1         131,11        131,11           262           131,11       131,11
                                                                                                                 6. Dust (TSP)                                   230 ug/m 3                 120                   194          172            33,2           89      108,3         213              173           230              175           154            187             35            42,7        103,3
                                                                                                                 7. Plumb (Pb)                                      2 ug/m   3             0,391              1,098           0,412          0,631         0,921     0,571        2,068             1,83          5,71         2,978            1,132           3,58          1,637          1,782         4,78
                                                                                                                 Source: Bapedalda Propinsi DIY

                                                                                                                 Legends:

                                                                                                                 A.     In Jl. Wates, in front of Bayeman Storehouse                                     F. In Jl. Godean, in front of Mirota                                K. In Jl.A. Yani, in front of Beringharjo Market
                                                                                                                 B.     In Jl. P Diponegoro, in front of Jetis Sub-district Office                       G. In Jl. Parantritis, in front of Matahari Hotel                   L.    In Jl. C. Simanjuntak, in front of Mirota Kampus

                                                                                                                 C.     In Jl. Prambanan, in front of Janti Storehouse.                                  H.       In Jl. Solo, in front of Saphir Hotel                      M.     In Jl. Menteri Supeno, in front of Bicycle Market

                                                                                                                 D.     In Jl. Magelang, in front of TVRI                                                I.       In front of RSU PKU Muhammadiyah                           N.     In Jl. Bantul, in front of Building Material Shop

                                                                                                                 E.     In Jl. Jend. Sudirman, in front of Pizza Hut                                     J.       In Jl. Janti, in front of Kampus STTL                      O.     In Jl. Kaliurang, in front of Tina Farma Pharmacy




                                                                                                                                                  Results of Parameter Analysis on Hydrocarbon                                                                                                                    Results of Parameter Analysis on Noise
                                                                                                                                      300                    M ay 2003 in DIY Province                                                                                                                                   M ay 2003 in DIY Province
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          90

                                                                                                                                      250                                                                                                                                                 80

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          70
                                                                                                                                      200




                                                                                                                            (ug/m3)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          60
                                                                                                                                      150

                                                                                     DIY Province
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          50




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (dB)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          40
                                                                                                                                      100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          30
                                                                                                                                       50
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          20

                                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                                                                 10

                                                                                                                                            A      B     C      D        E           F     G         H        I         J     K        L     M       N     O                               0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               A         B    C          D     E          F     G        H      I       J       K      L       M      N      O
                                                                                                                                                                                         Exam ination Spots
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Examination Spots
                                                                                                                                  Results of Hydrocarbon T esting                                                                                                                     Resultd of Noise T esting
                                                                                                                                  Hydrocarbon T hreshold (160 ug/m 3)                                                                                                                 Noise T hreshold (65 dB)

                                                                                                                      Source: Bapedalda Propinsi DIY                                                                                                                         Source: Bapedalda Propinsi DIY




                                                                                                                   Strength                                                                                                                                             Weaknesses
Air Pollution                                                                                                           •   The air quality in the urban area is supported by the lane
                                                                                                                            trees.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           •   The socialization program on air pollution hazard does not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               reach the grass-roots, only limited to the government
                                                                                                                        •   The wind in the urban area is from the sea and mountain.                                                                                           officials and universities.
Facts                                                                                                                   •   There are air corridors passing through five rivers crossing
                                                                                                                            the urban area.
•  Based on the air quality parameter (sulphur oxide/SO2; nitrogen oxide/NOx; hydrocarbon (HC),
                                                                                                                   Opportunities                                                                                                                                        Threats
   carbonmonoxide (CO) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), the urban area of DIY has been polluted by                •   Lane-tree planting in public open spaces and houseyards to                                                                                      •   Motocycles will continue to dominate the traffic flows.
   hydrocarbon and plumb, and the noise has been above the threshold of 65 db. The biggest contribution to                  reduce air pollution.                                                                                                                           •   The number of built-up areas will increase, especially
   the air pollution is from the gas emission of the motorcycles.                                                       •   Apllication of standard gas emission.                                                                                                               multi-storey buildings causing air pollution.
• There is a total of 195,000 motorcycles in Yogyakarta, and 350,000 motorcycles in the urban agglomeration
   of Yogyakarta.
Trend                                                                                                                 Potentials                                                                                                                                      Cionstraints
                                                                                                                          •     Development of environmentally friendly public transports                                                                                 •    The investment cost in public transport development is high.
• The air pollution in Yogyakarta City will increase realizing that the demand of motorcycles increases. Since                  and limitation of private car ownership.                                                                                                  •    The number of motorcycles will continue to increase during
   1998, the number of motorcycles has already increased by 1,300 / month. The ratio of motorcycle                        •     Development of pedestrian and green areas.                                                                                                     the next five to ten years.
   ownership is 2.6. This means that one motorcycle is possessed by 2.6 people.                                           •     Law enforcement for standard gas emission.                                                                                                •    The implementation of gas emission examination is weak.
Factors
• Based on the scientific research conducted by Bapedalda, gas emission from the poorly maintained two-
   and four-stroked motorcycles has resulted in air pollution. The gas emission from the motorcycles is even
   much higher than that of well-maintained four-wheeled cars.
• The number of motorcycles continue to increase because they are more flexible, cheaper and easier to be
   accessed compared to those of public conveyances (limted destinations, inconvenient, and unpunctual)
• The number of motorcycles in Yogyakarta City will continue to increase because the increasing number of
   students coming from the neighbouring regencies (Bantul and Sleman) and other provinces.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ENVIRONMENT
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Air Pollution 3 - 18
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                     REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                        Inter-regional Spatial Linkages (Joglosemar)
     General Land Use in DIY and
         Surrounding Area                                                                               Facts
                                                                                                           • Land.
                                                                                                              Most part of Joglosemar, both urban and rural areas) are suitable for cultivation: fertile and rich of water.
                                                                                                           • Land-use.
                                                                                                              The wet land is evenly distributed in entire the area, while the dry land is located in the southern part of DIY and
                                                                                                              Surakarta. The urban land-use grows rapidly especially along the urban corridors of Surakarta–Klaten–Yogyakarta–
                                                                                                              Sleman-Muntilan–Magelang. The conserved land-use is mostly in the middle part, on the mountain range and in the
                                                                                                              water catchment areas.
                                                                                                           • Landscape.
                                                                                                              The main urban space fours a corridor of Surakarta-Klaten-Yogya-Sleman-Muntilan-Magelang, while the other urban
                                                                                                              space forms the corridor of Yogya – Purworejo.
                                                                                                        Trend
                                                                                                           • In the conserved areas, including the water catchment areas), the quantity of water tends to decline,
                                                                                                           • The value of rural land declines, but the value of the urban land increases.
                                                                                                           • The corridor of Solo – Yogya – Magelang is getting stronger, while the corridor of Yogya – Purworejo is getting weak.

                                                                                                        Factors
                                                                                                           • The main cultivation area is on the foot-slope and flat area formed through the volcanic and sedimentation processes.
                                                                                                           • The quantity of water resources decline due to deforestation for agricultural intensification and extension and rapid
                                                                                                                urbanization occupying the water catchment areas.
                                                                                                           • The agricultural sector is still oriented to the food crops.
                                                                                                           • The conserved areas usually have better climate so they become the target of housing settlement development for
                                                                                                                middle and high class people.
                                                                                                           • The urban corridor is formed by the potential population and the urban functions which are relatively the same.
                                                                                                           • The corridor of Yogya - Purworejo tends not to develop because it is not the end-trip, but only the access of Solo –
                                                                                                                Yogya – Bandung.


                                                                                                         Urban Population Joglosemar, 2000

                                                                                                           No.                       Urban Zone                                       City                                Urban

                                                                                                            1     Surakarta Zone                                                   490,214                              1,435,769
                Legend :
               Forestry                                                                                     2     Purworejo- Kutoarjo Zone                                         129,942                               129,942
               Cultivated Area
               Dry Land
                                                                                                            3     Magelang Zone                                                    117,531                               199,996
                   Urban                                                                                    4     Semarang Zone                                                   1,348,803                             1,786,034
                                                                        Source : Basemap Bakosurtanal
                                                                                                            5     DIY Zone                                                         396,711                              1,307,104

                                                                                                         Source: Analisis data Sensus Penduduk 2000 Prop.Jateng & DIY


 Fertile Land in Joglosemar Area, 2001

                                                                                                         Strength                                                           Weakness
                                          Paddy’s     Total Area          %              % Urban
  No.          Urban Zone                                                                                • DIY and its surroundings are relatively fertile and flat, and    • The urban sprawl tends to be uncontrolled.
                                         Field (ha)      (ha)        Paddy’s Field          Pop.
                                                                                                            suitable for both agricultural and non-agricultural purposes.   • The corridor of Yogya - Purworejo develops slowly.
 1      Surakarta Zone                     171,329         572,238 29.9                49.9                                                                                 • The natural resources are limited.
 2      Purworejo-Kutoarjo Zone             70,099         231,756 30.2                25.5
 3      Magelang Zone                       58,433         197,408 29.6                49.3              Opportunity                                                        Threat
 4      Semarang Zone                      169,496         524,904 32.3                50.7              • The development of double-track for rail transport and the       • The development will neglect the regional context.
                                                                                                           southern roads will make Yogya potential to be further
 5      DIY Zone                            58,367         318,580 18.3                55.4                developed.
 Source: Jateng & DIY dalam angka 2001




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SPATIAL PLAN
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                              Inter-regional Spatial Linkages 4 - 1
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                           REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                         Special Province of Yogyakarta


    General Land Use in DIY Province
                                                                                                Inter-municipal Spatial Linkages in DIY
                                          Legend :
                                           Forest
                                           Wet Land                                             Facts
                                           Dry Lahan


                                                    Urban
                                                                                                •     Land.
                                                                                                      -     The soil structure and texture of the middle and south-west parts of DIY is good (regosol and aluvial). The areas is
                                                                                                            relative flat and is rich of water. Therefore, it is suitable for agricultural purposes.
                                                                                                      -     The east and south-east parts (Gunungkidul and Bantul) are poor areas. The land is not fertile and those areas lack
                                                                                                            water. They are not suitable for cultivation.
                                                                                                •     Land-use
                                                                                                      -     The urban and rural land-use is accumulated in the middle zone of DIY (Merapi-Bantul Basin). Therefore, the urban
                                                                                                            population, infrastructure and facilities and other investments are concentrated in this zone.
                                                                                                      -     The east part of DIY (Gunungkidul) is dry, and the urban agglomeration is concentrated in the City of Wonosari.
                                                                                                      -     The west zone of DIY is suitable for agricultural purposes (alluvial plain), while the east and north parts of the zone
                                                                                                            are relatively dry. The urban area of Wates develops slowly.
                                                                                                •     Landscape
                                                                                                      -     The ribbon development takes place along the corridors of Prambanan-Yogya-Tempel and Bantul – Yogya. They
                                                                                                            are the main corridors.
                                                                                                      -     The landscape of Yogya-Bantul-Sleman forms an urban agglomeration that sprawls organically.
                                                                                                      -     The core area of Gunungkidul Regency is the urban agglomeration of Wonosari, this area develops slowly, in terms
                                                                                                            of its population and economic activities.

                                                                                                Trend
                                                                                                • The middle zone is the most potential for agricultural and non-agricultural activities.
                                                                                                • It terms of land-use, this zone develops very fast, both for agricultural and non-agricultural purposes, while the zones
                                                                                                   located in the eastern and western parts tend to be static and left behind.
     Source : Bapeda DIY 2003                                                                   • The corridors of Prambanan – Yogyakarta – Godean and Bantul – Yogyakarta – Sleman – Tempel tend to rapidly
                                                                                                   develop.
                                                                                                • The corridor of Yogya – Wates tends to develop slowly.

                                                                                                Factors
    Urban Development                   Administrative Boundaries
                                                     Province
                                                                                                • The best land resources lie from the slope of Merapi to Bantul Basin.
      Strategy in DIY                                Regency
                                                     Sub-District

                                                                                                • The population distribution, construction of infrastructure and facilities as well as the development of investments are
      Province 2019                             Tata Guna Lahan/Spatial Plan
                                           Pendidikan/Education
                                           Hutan / Forestry                                        concentrated in the middle zone of DIY.
                                                                                                • The landscape of the corridor is formed by the urban functions which are relatively the same.
                                           Industri / Industry
                                           Kawasan hijau / Green Zone
                                           Preservasi Budaya / Cultural Preservation
                                           Permukiman / Settlement
                                           Pariwisata / Tourism
                                           Jasa & Perdagangan / Urban Centre



                                                  Fungsi Jalan / Function of Roads
                                                   Jalan Tol / Toll Roads
                                                   Arteri Primer / Primary Arterial Roads
                                                   Arteri Sekunder / Secondary Arterial Roads
                                                   Kolektor / Collector Roads

                                                     Jalan Lokal / Local Roads

                                                    Rel KA / MRT
                                                     LRT


                                            *       Economic Growth Nodes

                                           ´
                                           ´        Bandara / Airport
                                           î
                                           î        Terminal / Bus Station
                                           «
                                           «        Stasiun KA / Railway Station



                                                                                                    Strength                                                         Weakness
                                                                                                    •   The urban functions are concentrated in the middle zone of   •  The urban area sprawls organically.
                                                                                                        DIY, so the infrastructure and facilities can be provided.

                                                                                                    Opportunity                                                      Threat
                                                                                                    •  The slow growing cities like Wonosari and Wates can be        •   Uncontrolled development concentration to the middle zone of
                                                                                                       developed if the scenario of deconcentrated urban                DIY, especially in the urban agglomeration of Yogyakarta.
                                                                                                       development is implemented, and the development of the
                                                                                                       southern parts is realized.

                                                                                                    Potentials                                                       Constraints
                                                                                                    • The urban corridors of Prambanan-Yogya-Wates and               • The urban development causes environmental
                                       Source : Peta UDS , YUDP
                                                                                                       Bantul – Yogya – Sleman – Tempel form the main urban             degradation.
                                                                                                       systems in DIY.


                                                                                                                                                                                                               SPATIAL PLAN
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                    Inter Municipal Spatial Linkage 4 - 2
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                       REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                      Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                  Urban – Rural Spatial Linkages in DIY
    General Land Suitability                        Land
       in DIY Province                            Forest          Facts
                                                  Not-Suitable
                                                  Suitable
                                                                     • Land
                                                                          - Land Qualification is suitable for urban – rural development at the same location.
                                                                     • Land-use
                                                                          - The urban function organically sprawls to the rural area, especially the housing settlement. This causes land conversion
                                                                            from agricultural to non-agricultural purposes. The average land conversion amounts to 338 ha/year. The biggest land
                                                                            conversion takes place in Sleman Regency (235 ha/year).
                                                                          - The land price goes up significantly in the urban area, especially along the main roads.
                                                                          - Law enforcement s in general weak.
                                                                     • Landscape
                                                                          - The urban physical characteristics have sprawled to the rural areas.
                                                                          - The urban agglomeration landscape takes place in the City of Yogyakarta and Wonosari City.
                                                                          - The physical condition of the rural areas decline and so does its image.
                                                                  Trend
                                                                     • The potential rural land tends to be converted into urban land.
                                                                     • The land potential for urban area located near the City of Wates, Kulon Progo Regency, tends to be neglected.
                                                                     • The urban phenomena will get stronger.
                                                                  Factors
                                                                     • The law enforcement is weak so the urban-rural zones are assumed as reserved land for the future urban development.
                                                                     • The need for urban space increases significantly.
                                                                     • The housing settlement develops organically and uncontrollably.
                                                                     • The physical condition of the rural areas decline and so does its image.
                                                                     • The urban area sprawls uncontrollably.
    Source : Bapeda DIY 2003




    Urban Area in DIY Province
                                       Legend :
                                                Urban Area




                                                                   Strength                                                                  Weakness
                                                                   •   Land Qualification is suitable for urban – rural development at the   •  The urban area sprawls organically.
                                                                       same location.                                                        •  There is no zoning plan for urban – rural development.
                                                                   • The urban – rural accessibility is good.

                                                                   Opportunity                                                               Threat
                                                                   •  Establishment of urban – rural zoning plan to strengthen the urban     •   The rural areas are assumed as reserved land for the future urban
                                                                      – rural linkages.                                                         development.
                                                                                                                                             •   Land speculation.


                                                                   Potentials                                                                Constraints
                                                                   • The urban development is oriented to the dry area which close to        • The urban area in the middle zone of DIY sprawls uncontrollably
                                                                     the surface water and the southern main roads or railroads parallel        covering the rural areas.
                                                                     to the urban corridor of Yogya - Wates.
                                                                   • The development of industrial centers is oriented to the rural areas.
                                                                     Each industrial center has one value-added product.
                                 Source : DIY Dalam Angka, 2002




                                                                                                                                                                                            SPATIAL PLAN
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                   Urban-Rural Spatial Linkages 4 - 3
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                   REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                  Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                     Alternative South Route Plan




                                                                                              Source : Bappeda Prop. Jawa

                                                   Source : Kimpraswil DIY, 2004




  Regional Development Coordination                                                     Development Plans of Central Java

  •   The development of southern road of Java is an alternative access to              Based on the regional regulation No. 21 / 2003 (RTRWP Jawa Tengah), the strategic areas have been defined as follows:
      balance the fast growing northern part of Java (Pantura), in which traffic jams   1. The area of Segara Anakan
      often occur, and decrease the carrying capacity.                                     Lagoon and flora conservation
                                                                                        2. The area of Dieng
  •   The development of the southern road involves five provinces in Java and             Environmental conservation and cultural sites preservation
      the Province of Bali. The province of DIY and Central Java have for a long        3. The river catchment area of Garang
      time prepared the development of the southern road, using the existing road          Environmental conservation and flood control
      built during the colonial time (Deandels Road).                                   4. The area of KSP Rawa Pening
                                                                                            Environmental conservation and revitalization
  •   The province of DIY has prepared not less than four alternative southern          5. The area of Solo-Selo-Borobudur (SSB)
      roads, but the strongest is the second alternative, the road link of Temon –          Environmental conservation, eco-tourism development, world-heritage preservation
      Panjatan – Galur – Pandak – Bantul – Jetis – Imogiri – Dlingo – Playen –          6. The National Park of Merapi-Merbabu
      Wonosari - Semanu-Rongkop.                                                            Environmental conservation, eco-tourism development, Development of Science and Technology of Geography
                                                                                        7. Agropolitan
  •   In general, the Central Java has prepared its regional development, not less          Development of local resources-based agribusiness, development of infrastructure
      than 13 development scenarios. However, the coordination with DIY is only in      8. The area of Barlingmascakep and Purworejo
      the context of the southern road development. The old issue of developing             Regional Marketing Development
      Yogyakarta – Surakarta - Semarang (Joglosemar) do not get attention               9. The area of Subosuko Wonosraten
      anymore.                                                                          10. The area of Kedung Sepur
                                                                                            Development of industry, trade, services and infrastructure
                                                                                        11. The area of KBT Purworejo
                                                                                            Development of marine resources
                                                                                        12. The area of KBT Rembang – Bonang Binangun Slike (BBS)
                                                                                            Development of marine and tourism resources
                                                                                        13. The area of Karimunjawa Island
                                                                                            Environmental conservation and tourism development



                                                                                                                                                                                                                SPATIAL
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                 Spatial 4 - 4
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                       REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                               Special Province of Yogyakarta

Development Potentials of Southern Part of Java
                                                                                                                              Coverage Area of South-South Corridor




                                                                                                                                                  West Java Province
                                                                                                                              Banten Province     3.Kab. Sukabumi
                                                                                                                              1.Kab. Lebak        4.Kab. Cianjur                           DI Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                              2.Kab. Pandeglang   5.Kab. Garut                                                        East Java Province
                                                                                                                                                                                           Province
                                                                                                                                                  6.Kab. Tasikmalaya                                                  15. Kab. Pacitan
                                                                                                                                                                                           12. Kab. Kulon Progo
                                                                                                                                                  7.Kab. Ciamis        Central Java                                   16. Kab. Trenggalek
                                                                                                                                                                                           13. Kab. Bantul
                                                                                                                                                                       Province                                       17. Kab. Tulungagung
                                                                                                                                                                                           14. Kab. Gunungkidul
                                                                                                                                                                       8. Kab. Cilacap                                18. Kab. Blitar
                                                                                                                                                                       9. Kab. Kebumen                                19. Kab. Malang
                                                                                                                                                                       10.Kab. Purworejo                              20. Kab. Lumajang
                                                                                                                                                                       11.Kab. Wonogiri                               21. Kab. Jember
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      22. Kab. Banyuwangi




                                                                                                                              Sub-Corridors and Segments of South-South Corridor




Potentials of South-South Corridor
   •   The South-South Corridor (PANSELA) is potential to be developed (for freight and fish ports, economic
       development and inter-regional infrastructure development (road networks) to equalize the investments and
       infrastructure development oriented to the North-North Corridor (PANTURA) and the South-South Corridor. The
       development of ports in the South-South Corridor is connected to the inter-continental sipping trips (Australia-
       Europe, Australia-Asia).
   •   The Harbor of Cilacap has been serving as a pioneer of marine services for the southern part of Java, as
       gasoline, freight and fish ports. Cilacap is located in the middle of southern part of Java and is very strategic as
       a distribution gate of goods for the south-south corridor.
   •   The biggest fish port considered feasible to be developed is that located in Prigi, Trenggalek. The other
       potential ports are located in Cilacap, Purworejo, Glagah (Kulon Progo), Pacitan and Banyuwangi.
   •   The South-South Corridor is sub-divided into three sub-corridors and nine segments, namely:
        - Sub-corridor of West PANSELA consisting of three segments (Pandeglang-Lebak, Sukabumi-Tasikmalaya,
            Ciamis-Cilacap)
        -   Sub-corridor of Central PANSELA consisting of two segments (Kebumen-Bantul, Gunungkidul-Pacitan)
        -   Sub-corridor of East PANSELA consisting of four segments (Trenggalek-Tulungagung, Blitar-Malang,
            Lumajang-Jember, Banyuwangi)                                                                                                                                          Source: Departemen KIMPRASWIL Dirjen Penataan Ruang
                                                                                                                                                                                  Penataan Ruang Wilayah Untuk Percepatan Pembangunan
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Koridor Pantai Selatan Jawa, 2004

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      SPATIAL PLAN
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                  PANSELA Corridor 4 - 5
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                         REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                        Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                      Outstanding Areas of Java – Bali




                                                                                                                                      Land-use Direction of South-South Corridor




Land Structure and Land-Use of South-South Corridor
•   Establishment of value-added economic sectors as development generators for the South-South Corridor based on the
    development direction for outstanding areas as stated in RTRWN (National Spatial Plan) for Java-Bali.
•   Establishment of national, regional and local-wide urban systems to create an inter-connection between the cities along the
    PANSELA Corridor and those along PANTURA Corridor. The cities along the PANSELA Corridor have the following
    hierarchies:
    - Hierarchy I as the center of national activities (PKN) are the cities of Cilacap and Yogyakarta
    - Hierarchy II as the center of functional area activities (PKW) are the cities of Pandeglang, Rangkasbitung, Cianjur,
        Sukabumi, Tasikmalaya, Pangandaran, Kebumen, Bantul, Tulungagung and Banyuwangi.
    - Local activity centers - 1 (PKL-1) are in 18 cities, including the cities of Wates and Wonosari.
    - Local activity centers - 2 (PKL-2) are in 28 cities.
•   Development of urban - rural inter-connection as a unity of development.
•   Development of infrastructure system based on the needs for the development of south-south coridor.
•   Land-use direction for the south-south corridor includes the development of economic potentials, the controll of cultivation in
    preserved areas, improvement of the function of conserved areas and hazardous areas.                                                                      Source: Departemen KIMPRASWIL Dirjen Penataan Ruang
                                                                                                                                                              Penataan Ruang Wilayah Untuk Percepatan Pembangunan
                                                                                                                                                                                    Koridor Pantai Selatan Jawa, 2004




                                                                                                                                                                                             SPATIAL PLAN
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                       PANSELA Corridor 4 - 6
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                   REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                    Special Province of Yogyakarta
Economic Development Concept for Sub-Corridor of Central PANSELA                                                                PANSELA Development Concept compared to the Urban Systems




                                                                                                                                     Economic Development Concept for West-Sub-Corridor of PANSELA




Economic Development Concept for South-South Corridor
                                                                                                                                     Economic Development Concept for East Sub-Corridor of PANSELA
•   The cities along the South-South Corridor grow as backcountries in Java Island. Economically, they grow with
    an agricultural economic basis, (agriculture, plantation, fishery), as well as with mining and tourism basis. The
    economic development concept of PANSELA is basically oriented to encourage and develop the existing
    potential economic sectors.
•   The concept is oriented to the economic development of the areas that have two or more economic potentials.
    For example, the economic development for the sub-corridor of Central PANSELA:
    - Kulon Progo Segment for agriculture and fishery.
    - Bantul Segment for agriculture and tourism.
    - Gunungkidul Segment for agriculture, tourism and mining.



                                                                      Source: Departemen KIMPRASWIL Dirjen Penataan Ruang
                                                                       Penataan Ruang Wilayah Untuk Percepatan Pembangunan
                                                                                            Koridor Pantai Selatan Jawa, 2004


                                                                                                                                                                                      SPATIAL PLAN
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                 PANSELA Corridor 4 - 7
Laporan Utama                                                                                                                                                       REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                         Special Province of Yogyakarta

Infrastructure Development Concept for Sub-Corridor of Central PANSELA                                              Infrastructure Development Concept for Sub-corridor of West PANSELA




                                                                                                                    Infrastructure Development Concept for Sub-corridor of East PANSELA




Infrastructure Development Concept for PANSELA Corridor
•   The infrastructure development is based on the comprehensive (local, regional and national) infrastructure
    development concept.
•   The infrastructure development is intended to accelerate the development of PANSELA corridor, especially the
    inter-connection of the cities in PANSELA corridor and the cities in PANTURA corridor.
•   The infrastructure (roads) to be developed include the followings:
    - South-South Corridor (the functions of Primary Arterial Roads, Collector Primary -1 and Collector Primary -
        2)
    - Feeder-road network connecting to the main cities along the PANTURA corridor (the function of Primary
        Arterial Roads and Collector Arterial Roads)
    - The existing main roads (the function of Primary Arterial Roads and Collector Arterial Roads)
                                                                                                                                                Source: Departemen KIMPRASWIL Dirjen Penataan Ruang
                                                                                                                                                Penataan Ruang Wilayah Untuk Percepatan Pembangunan
                                                                                                                                                                      Koridor Pantai Selatan Jawa, 2004



                                                                                                                                                                             SPATIAL PLAN
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                       PANSELA Corridor 4 - 8
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                               REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                          SOUTH – SOUTH CORRIDOR

BACKGROUND:
1. Imbalance development growth between the Northern Area and Southern Area of Java.                                                EXISTING                                                                   EXISTING
2. Optimization of the southern area.
3. Poor market network in the southern area.




            ROAD NETWORKS OF SOUTH-SOUTH CORRIDOR



                                                                                           N                                                                                                                                      SEGMENT II
                                                                                                                                                      SEGMENT I                                                ROAD LINKS OF SRANDAKAN – PARANGTRITIS
                                                                                                                                          ROAD LINKS OF CONGOT – SRANDAKAN                                        Kretek II Bridge Construction of 375 M Long
                                                                                                                                                  Road Widening to 24 M




                                                                                                                                    E XISTING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                EXISTING




                                                                                                                                                           SEGMENT III                                                          SEGMENT IV
                                                                                                                                           ROAD LINKS OF PARANGTRITIS – BARON                                       ROAD LINKS OF BARON – DUWET
                                                                                                                                    Tunnel Construction and New Road Construction of 24 M Wide                Road Widening to 24 M and Improvement of Vertical
                                      Source : Kimpraswil Prop. DIY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and Horizontal Road Alignment


BENEFITS:
1. Optimize the potentials of the southern areas of DIY Province, i.e. tourisms, marine industries, and agriculture that may increase the community income.
2. Provide better access to the road networks in the southern part of Java.
3. Balance the development of DIY which has so far been oriented to the north east direction.

The corridor of Pawonsari Bakulrejo (Pacitan – Wonogiri – Wonosari – Bantul – Kulon Progo – Purworejo) is part of the development program for the southern part of Java which also coincides with the development orientation of the southern part of DIY Province. The development
of marine potentials will also be applied in the corridor. It is expected that the economic condition in the southern part of Java will be also improved through the comprehensive development programs.
Technical Data
The total road length is approximately 117.60 km (with a tunnel of 9.00 km) road width of 2 x 7.00 m, road body of 24.00 m.
The activities already conducted include the following:
1. A Feasibility Study conducted in 2003
2. Coordination Meeting of related municipalities and provinces conducted in 2004
3. DED for the road links of South-South Corridor connecting Guningkidul Regency and Bantul Regency conducted in 2004
Financing Plan
Total construction cost is estimated at Rp 1,969,010,878,000 (One trillion nine hundred sixty nine billion and ten million eight hundred seventy eight thousand rupiah)


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SPATIAL
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                        South-south Corridor 4 - 9
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                                  H O U S IN G N E E D S B Y U R B A N - R U R A L IN D IY P R O V IN C E
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Y EAR 2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 URBAN                                                                  RURAL
                                                                               Housing Distribution                         NO.                   M u n ic ip a l/R e g e n c y            H o u s in g       H o u s in g
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         B a c k - lo g
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    H o u s in g        H o u s in g
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               B a c k - lo g
                                                                                                                                                                                            Needs               S to c k                                             Needs                S to c k
                                                                                                                                    1 SLEM AN                                                  1 7 3 ,0 6 2       1 4 4 ,4 6 4                    - 2 8 ,5 9 9            4 5 ,3 7 6          3 7 ,8 7 7              - 7 ,4 9 8
                                                                                                                                    2 KU LO N PR O G O                                           1 5 ,8 5 1          1 1 ,7 4 9                     - 4 ,1 0 2            7 6 ,7 8 3          5 6 ,9 1 4            - 1 9 ,8 6 9
                                                                                                                                    3 Y O G Y A K A R T A C IT Y                               1 0 1 ,6 6 9          7 4 ,4 5 4                   - 2 7 ,2 1 5                     0                    0                       0
                                                                                                                                    4 BANTUL                                                   1 3 6 ,5 3 9       1 2 8 ,5 0 7                      - 8 ,0 3 2            5 7 ,5 2 4          5 4 ,1 4 0              - 3 ,3 8 4
                                                                                                                                    5 G U N U N G K ID U L                                         7 ,5 8 7           5 ,9 4 5                      - 1 ,6 4 3          1 4 7 ,4 5 2         1 1 5 ,5 2 7           - 3 1 ,9 2 4
                                                                                                                                                               D IY P R O V IN C E             4 2 0 ,4 2 1       3 4 7 ,4 3 1                    - 7 2 ,9 9 1          3 4 1 ,4 2 2         2 8 2 ,1 4 6           - 5 9 ,2 7 5
                                                                                                                        S o u r c e : S u s e n a s 2 0 0 2 , B P S , a n a lis is
                                                                                                                                                                                     TREND OF HOUSING IN DIY PROVINCE, YEAR 1981-2000

                                                                                                                                                                  1981-1985                     1986-1990                     1991-1995                               1996-2000                             TOTAL
                                                                                                                          Municipal/Regency                                Total                         Total                         Total                                   Total                              Total
                                                                                                                                                           Total Unit    Location        Total Unit    Location        Total Unit    Location                  Total Unit    Location         Total Unit         Location
                                                                                                                        Yogyakarta                                 205               3          272              3                 169                     4          705               11              1351                21
                                                                                                                        Sleman                                    1245              12         3832             21                7110                    33         2023               28             14210                94
                                                                                                                        Bantul                                     243               2         2401             10                1653                     9         2968               15              7265                36
                                                                                                                        Gunung Kidul                                                                                                                                                     3                                   3
                                                                                                                        Kulon Progo                                                                                                                                                      7                                   7
                                                                                                                        DIY PROVINCE                              1693              17         6505             34                8932                    46         5696               64             22826               161
                                                                                                                        Source : Inventarisas i as et perumahan

                                                                                                                                            N um b er of H ou seh olds by No n P erm anen t Ho u sin g
                                                                                                                                                                  D IY P ro vin ce

                                                                                                                            NO.                 M u n icip al/Reg en cy                               N on P erm an ent H ou sin g
                                                                                                                                     1    S LE M A N                                                                            19,703
                                                                                                                                     2    K ULO N P RO G O                                                                      25,694
                                                                                                                                     3    Y O G YA K AR T A CIT Y                                                                7,075
                                                                                                                                     4    B AN TU L                                                                             20,043
                                                                                                                                     5    G U NU NG KIDU L                                                                      28,226
        Housing Built Housing
      Developer-Buildby Developer                                                                                                         D IY P RO V INC E                                                                    100,741
         C Kulon Progo Regency
         C                                                                                                              Source : Susenas tahun 2000 dan 2002
         C Bantul Regency
         C                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Very dense settlement at river bank areas
         C
         C Gunungkidul Regency
         C
         C Sleman Regency
         C
         C Yogyakarta Municipality


                Settlement


                                                                    Source : Survey YUDP 2003


Housing DIY                                                                                                             Housing by real estate                                                 Low cost flat at river bank area                                   Non Permanen house at rural areas


Facts                                                                                                                   Strength                                                                                            Weakness
• In the province of DIY, there is a total housing need of 132,266 units (72,991 units for the urban areas and 59,275   •   In DIY, the business in property significantly increases                                        •   There is no zoning plan for housing.
   units for the rural areas).                                                                                          •   There a potential captive market for that business sue                                          •   The public facilities are not completely provided in
• Of the total housing stocks of 462,958 units, 100,741 units or 21.7% are unsuitable.                                      to the great demands from and outside DIY                                                           housing complexes
                                                                                                                        •   It is easy to have access to the housing credit.                                                •   There is no housing development coordination in
• Between 1981 and 2000, there have been 22,826 housing units built in 161 locations. The investment in medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                UAY.
   and high class housing is still going on in the urban area of Yogyakarta.                                                                                                                                                • The housing funding mechanism is not ‘pro poor’.
Trend                                                                                                                   Opportunity                                                                                         Threat
• The houses in the urban kampongs and in the rural areas tend to decay                                                 •   There is possibilities to develop Kasiba (ready-to be-                                          •    The scattered housing development makes the
                                                                                                                            built-up area) or dormitory town outside UAY                                                         investment cost for infrastructure and facilities high.
• New houses will be constructed in the urban fringe areas.
                                                                                                                        •   The provision of low-cost housing will be conducted                                             •    The land speculators make the land price high so
Factors                                                                                                                     by non-government organizations.                                                                     the low-income groups cannot afford.
• The housing needs analysis is based on assumption that every household has one housing unit. In addition, there
   are still extended families. Therefore, the housing needs analysis should also take into account the extended        Potentials                                                                                         Constraints
   families and students’ boarding houses.                                                                              •   Possibility to conduct a cross-boundary coordination                                           •  The role of government institutions responsible for
• The roles of Yogyakarta as the city of culture, education and tourism as well as the factor of being secure have          in infrastructure development.                                                                    the housing development is weak.
   attracted new investments in real-estate developments, especially in the norther part of Yogyakarta.                 •   Development of housing development information                                                 •  There is no housing development manual (housing
                                                                                                                            system.                                                                                           zoning plan)
• There is no clear housing zoning plan. The land acquisition is fully dependent on the efforts of the developers
                                                                                                                        •   Institutional development for the government
   themselves. This makes the number of land speculators increase.                                                          institutions responsible for housing provision.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Housing 5 - 1
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                                                                               40.322

                                                                                                   «      Railway Station                                                              Average of passengers per day by                                   Average of passengers per day by train
                                                                                                   «                                                                                  public road transportation, year 2002
                                                                                                   î
                                                                                                   î      Bus Station

                                                                                                   ´      Airport
                                                                                                                                                   10.536                                   69.593
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         5.280                                  1.320
                                                                                                    Road Statute
                                                                                                           Regency
                                                                                                           National
                                                                                                           Railway
                                                                                                           Province

                                                                                                                                                                                                8.549




                                                                                                                                               Source: Dinas Perhubungan Prop. DIY                                            Source: DAOP VI Yogyakarta 2003


                                                                                                                                                                                      Average of passengers per day by air
                                                                                                                                                                                       transportation in Adisucipto Airport




                                                                                                                                                                        3.603
                                                                                                                                                                         3.603
                                                                                                                                                                         Penumpang / hari
                                                                                                                                                                        Passenger/day




                                                                                                                                               Source : Angasapura II Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Shuttle-train Pramex rute Jogja - Solo




        Source: Kimpraswil DIY



                                                                                                                                               Double Track Railway Construction                        Arterial Road                                  Air Transport Services

Transportation
Facts
•   Based on the data of 2002, the province of DIY has a total road of 4,919 Km, divided into three types of arterial roads, collector roads
    and local roads. Their condition is relatively good.                                                                                       Strength                                                                       Weakness
•   The rail transport operates in the southern part of Java. The double-tracks connecting the cities of Surabaya – Surakarta – Yogyakarta     • Regional and even international communication                                • The private cars are dominant.
    – Purwokerto – Cirebon - Jakarta are under construction. The rail transport connecting the cities of Yogyakarta and Surakarta (60 km)          infrastructure and facilities have been available.                         • There are always conflicts pertaining to the public
    is served by Prambanan Ekspress shuttle train.                                                                                             • The road condition is relatively good.                                           transport (AKAP – inter-regional transport, AKDP –
•   The international airport (Adisucipto) is located about 10 km from Yogyakarta City. It serves domestics and international flights. The                                                                                        intra-regional transport, urban transport, rural
    runway and passenger terminal are being upgraded.                                                                                                                                                                             transport),
•   The regional transports of DIY and its surroundings are described as follows:                                                              Opportunity                                                                    Threat
    o Passenger transport: road, rail and air transports (domestic and international flights).                                                 • The policy to develop the the roads in the southern                          • The inter-regional roads have different widths,
    o Freight transport (exporting and importing) mostly through Tanjung Emas Harbour in Semarang, and the rest through Adisucipto                part of Java needs to be followed-up.                                           thereby creating traffic jams.
         Airport, Tanjung Priok Harbour and Sukarno Hatta Airport as well as through Ngurah Rai Airport in Bali.                               • The service quality of shuttle train transport needs                         • There is no integrated public transport terminals.
Trends                                                                                                                                            to be improved.
•   Traffic jams often take place in the urban center.                                                                                         • The quality of public transport needs to be
•   Private cars are dominant.                                                                                                                    improved so as to attract all segments of the
•   The prassenger and freight transports through Adisucipto airport increase.                                                                    community.
•   The number of rail transport passengers stay stable, except during the weekends and school holidays. Prambanan Ekspress shuttle
    train transport has got positive responds from passengers.                                                                                  Potentials                                                                    Constraints
•   The roads in the southern part of Java are getting busy, but traffic jams do not take place yet.                                            • Development of intergrated inter-regional transport                         • The development of highway of Yogyakarta -
Factors                                                                                                                                            for inter-moda (road, rail and air transports).                               Semarang is hindered by the geographic
•   The private cars amount to 65 %, while public transport only 20%, and the remaining is freight transport.                                   • Development of double-tracks to optimize the rail                              conditions (mountain range).
•   The number of motorized vehicles averagely increases at 13%/year. The number of private cards increases at 28% year.                           transport.                                                                 • There is a competition among the three
•   The status Adisucipto airport has shifted to an international airport.                                                                                                                                                       international airports of (Adisumarmo-Solo,
•   The ticket price of train transport (inter-regional transport) is higher compared to that of the air transport. People prefer to use the                                                                                     Adisucipto-Yogya and A.Yani-Semarang).
    Prambanan Ekspress shuttle train transport due to the factors of safety and convenience.
The roads along the northern coastal line of Java are quite busy and traffic jams often take place.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Road & Transportation 5 – 2
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Special Province of Yogyakarta


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    International Flight
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Penerbangan Internasional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Domestic Flight
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Penerbangan Regional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    International Flight Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Rencana Penerbangan Internasional




                                                                                                                  Source : Dinas Perhubungan DIY
                                                                                                                   Air Traffic of Adisucipto Airport (Scheduled and under Scheduled)                              Year
                                                                                                                                                        1998 – May 2004                                                                                       Air Traffic of Adi Sucipto Airport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Year 2004
                                                                                                                                                                            Year                                2003
                                                                                                                   No                Discription                                                                                                      2000
                                                                                                                                                        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002 until May
                                                                                                                        1 Aeroplane                                                                                                                   1500

                                                                                                                          Departures                  4,819       3,503       3,938       4,048       4,853       3,151                               1000
                                                                                                                          Arrivals                    4,819       3,503       3,938       4,048       4,859       3,136
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         500
                                                                                                                          Total                       9,638       7,006       7,876       8,096       9,712       6,287
                                                                                                                        2 Passenger (person)                                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Feb        Mar    Apr    Mei    Jun
                                                                                                                          Departures                213,973     192,963     280,135     301,947     389,302     251,040
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Arrival            223        954    1449   1829   1936
                                                                                                                          Arrivals                  249,608     236,607     299,275     316,019     403,586     249,967
                                                                                                                          Transit                    44,382      46,517      59,774      74,029      34,322      16,170                        Departures         169        832    1050   1543   1756

                                                                                                                          Total                     507,963     476,087     639,184     691,995     827,210     517,177
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Sumber : Kompas, tgl 24 Agustus 2004
                                                                                                                        3 Baggage (kg)
                                                                                                                          Loaded                   1,285,538   1,318,989    676,391     664,662    3,464,539   2,252,004
                                                                                                                          Unloaded                  989,758     890,954     955,620    1,178,480   3,579,753   2,164,662
                                                                                                                          Total                    2,275,296   2,209,943   1,632,011   1,843,142   7,044,292   4,416,666             Air Traffic of Adi Sucipto International Airport Year 2004
                                                                                                                        4 Cargo (kg)
                                                                                                                          Loaded                   2,184,538   1,930,795   2,244,024   2,619,630    999,717     446,253                       30
                                                                                                                          Unloaded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              25
                                                                                                                          Total                    2,184,538   1,930,795   2,244,024   2,619,630    999,717     446,253
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              20
                                                                                                                        5 Mail (kg)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              15
                                                                                                                          Loaded                    551,770     770,641     550,767     131,899     127,898      52,909
                                                                                                                          Unloaded                  428,692     630,800     441,947     240,179     232,475      73,194                       10


Adisucipto Airport
                                                                                                                          Total                     980,462    1,401,441    992,714     372,078     360,373     126,103                         5
                                                                                                                  Source: PT. Angkasa Pura I Bandara Adisucipto Yogyakarta                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Feb         Mar           Apr      Mei         Jun
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Number of flight         4             16         25       27           26


•   Adisucipto Airport is an international airport. Since May 2004, there have been 40 daily domestic flights                                                                                                              Source : Kompas, tgl 24 Agustus 2004
    and one international flight (Kuala Lumpur and Singapore). It is also proposed to increase the number of
    direct flghts other countries.
•   Adisucipto Airport is an enclave civil airport, used by the Indonesian Air Force and for civil commercial
    flights. Nevertheless, considering the increasing number of civil commercial flights, Gading Airport of
    Pathuk Sub-district in Gunungkidul Regency has been prepared as a replacement airport for Indonesian
    Air Force flight training.
•   The passenger terminal facilities of Adisucipto Airport are being upgraded. They will be inter-connected
    to the railway and road transportation facilities which are located in the north.

Adisucipto Airport Specification
    -   Airport classification:   Type 1b             - Passenger terminal:      5300 m2
    -   Total area:               88,690 m2           - Warehouse area :          380 m2
    -   Runway length :           2300 x 45 m         - waiting room capacity:    458 persons
    -   Runway surface:            asphalt concrete   - parking lot capacity:     200 cars, 400 motorcycles
    -   Landing capacity:          Boeing 737-400


                                                                                                                Proposed design of Adisucipto Airport Development (Source : Kompas)


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Road & Transportation 5 – 3
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                         REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                           LENGTH O F DRAINAG E CHANNEL IN DIY PRO VINCE , YEAR 2003
                                                                                                                             No.                M unicipal/Regency                      Open Channel (m)    Closed Channel (m)          T otal (m)

                                                                                                                                   1    SLEMAN                                                    246,300                 23,705                270,005
                                                                                  Legend :                                         2    YOGYAKARTA                                                145,930                220,538                366,468
                                                                                          Drainage Channels                        3    BANTUL                                                    128,873                    789                129,662
                                                                                                                                   4    KULON PROGO                                                25,137                  9,958                 35,095
                                                                                                                                   5    GUNUNGKIDUL                                                54,952                    805                 55,757
                                                                                                                                        DIY PROVINCE                                              601,192                255,796                856,988
                                                                                                                           Sourc e : YU IMS, Inventarisas i Aset dan Evaluasi Kinerja
                                                                                                                                       Aset-aset Prasarana (1999, dimutakhirkan 2003)




                                                                                                                           Length of Roads and D rainage Channel
                                                                                                                           No .            Reg io n                                             Ro ad s                     Drain ag e Ch an n el
                                                                                                                                       1   S lem an                                                               184.38                    270.01
                                                                                                                                       2   Y ogyakarta                                                            206.60                    366.47
                                                                                                                                       3   B antul                                                                151.00                    129.66
                                                                                                                                       4   K ulon P rogo                                                          255.04                      35.09
                                                                                                                                       5   G unungkidul                                                           222.06                      55.76
                                                                                                                                           DIY P ro vin ce                                                       1019.08                    856.99
                                                                                                                           Sourc e : K im praswil Propinsi D IY, 2003




      Source : Kimpraswil Prop. DIY



                                                                                                                                                                         Merapi Slope Drainage System
   Drainage                                                                                                                Strength                                                               Weakness
                                                                                                                           •   The province of DIY and its suroundings have                       •  The drainage channels are poorly maintained.
   Facts                                                                                                                       porous soil structure.                                             • People still litter their waste into the drains.
   • The drainage construction is only focused on the built-up areas, especially in the urban centres of Yogyakarta. The   •   The existing drainage channels work quite
      secondary and tertiary drainage channels are connected to the primary system (rivers). There are six rivers              well.
      crossing the City of Yogyakarta. They are the rivers of Kuning, Gajahwong, Code, Winongo, Bedog and Konteng.         Opportunity                                                            Threat
   • There is no secondary drainage channel in DIY connected to the primary system in Central Java.                        •   The inter-municipal coordination Kartamantul                       • The development of built-up areas in the water
                                                                                                                               Joint Secretariat in drainage management                              catchment areas is uncontrolled, without
                                                                                                                               needs to be followed-up.                                              taking into account treatment aspects.
   Trend                                                                                                                   •   It is necessary to construct ponds in the water
   • The quantity of run-off water tends to increase, thereby increasing the number of stagnant water.                         catchment areas.
   • Some people still litter their waste into the drains.
                                                                                                                           Potentials                                                             Constraints
   Factors                                                                                                                 •   The conduct of Inter-municipal coordination in                     •  It is difficult to synchronize the joint funding for
                                                                                                                              drainage management, espacially for the UAY.                           the inter-municipal drainage management.
   • The increasing quantity of run-off water is due to the increase of built-up areas.
                                                                                                                           •   The construction of ponds to serve as local
   • The drainage, sewerage and irrigation channels are also considered as rivers into which people usually litter their      tourism attractions and to enrich the water
      wastes.                                                                                                                 catchment areas.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                       INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Drainage 5 - 4
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                 Type of Roads                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Coverage of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Piped Water Supply
                                                                                                         Provincial Roads
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       90 - 100
                                                                                                         National Roads                                                                                                                                                                                                                                80 - 90
                                                                                                         Railway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       70 - 80
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       50 - 70
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0 - 50
                                                                                                Pipe Network of PDAM in DIY
                                                                                                           Bantul
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Residential Water Resources
                                                                                                           Gunungkidul
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         750.000
                                                                                                           Kota Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         375.000
                                                                                                           Kulonprogo
                                                                                                           Sleman                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         75.000

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     PDAM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Pump Well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Shallow Well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Spring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Rain Fall
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     have not




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Source : Data Compilation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    of PDAM, Health
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Department and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Environment Board DIY




                                                                                                                                                                      Capacity Production, Distribution and Water Leakage                                                               Pote ntial Custome rs Pip ed W ater Sup ply of PDAM in DIY
                                                                                                                                                                              of PDAM in DIY Province, Year 2002                                                                                                Year 200 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    40,000


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    35,000
                                                                                                                                                        18.00

                                                                                                                                                        16.00                                                                                                                       30,000




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Customers
                                                                                                                                                        14.00                                                                                                                       25,000




                                                                                                                                   in Million m3/Year
                                                                                                                                                        12.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    20,000
                                                                                                                                                        10.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    15,000
                                                                                                                                                         8.00

                                                                                                                                                         6.00                                                                                                                       10,000


                                                                  Source : Data Compilation of PDAM in DIY                                               4.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5,000
                                                                                                                                                         2.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                                                         0.00                                                                                                                                  Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Sleman    Bantul      Kulon Progo     Gunun gkidul
                                                                                                                                                                Yogyakarta            Sleman                Bantul           Kulon Progo        Gunungkidul                                    M unic ipality
                                                                                                                                                                Municipality                                                                                                  Potential           1,200         10,00 0   15,00 0        5,000           7,500
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Customers          32,56 9        16,09 4   9,713          8,886           28,41 0


WATER SUPPLY DIY
                                                                                                                                                                         Total Production   Total Distribution   Total Sold W ater   W ater Leakage

                                                                                                                              Source: PDAM in DIY and Health Departm ent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Sourc e: PDAM in DIY




Facts                                                                                                                         Strength                                                                                                                        Weakness
• Till 2002 the piped water supply system in DIY only serves 29% of the total population in DIY. There are a total of         •                         PDAM has been established in every local                                                              •   Some PDAMs have separate systems and use a
   95,672 connections and the production capacity is 1,423 l/second. All PDAMs (local water enterprises) in DIY use                                     government in DIY.                                                                                        pumping system so the O&M cost is high.
   springs, deep wells, and underground rivers. The unaccounted-for-water is 35%.                                                                                                                                                                             •   The service coverage is low.
                                                                                                                              •                         The human resources for piped water supply
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              •   Water resources are limited, even to meet the
• The quality and quantity of piped water supply in DIY have not been satisfying. Both during the wet and dry                                           management are available.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  present demand.
   season, the water is sometimes below standard. The piped water supply system has not yet been operated for 24                                                                                                                                              •   Water Leakage is high.
   hours.                                                                                                                     Opportunity                                                                                                                     Threat
• PDAM Tirtamarta in Yogyakarta City got a benefit of Rp. 1.87 billion in 2001, while the other PDAMs got deficit.            •  There is a possibility to conduct inter-municipal                                                                            •   The uncontrolled spatial development endangers the
• The non-piped water supply in DIY depends on shallow wells and springs. The water quality and quantity also                    coordination in water management.                                                                                                water catchment areas.
   depends on the surrounding environmental condition and seasons.                                                            •  There is enough surface water for raw water
• During the dry season, some areas in Gunungkidul Regency are supplied by water tank trucks.                                    resources.
Trend
• The service coverage of piped water supply will remain the same due to limited resources and investment.                    Potentials                                                                                                                      Constraints
• The PDAMs in DIY will continue to get deficit.                                                                              •                         The population keeps growing and urban area keeps                                                     •  The capacity of groundwater declines. It is not
• The quality and quantity of water sources for non-piped water supply will decline. The content of nitrate and coil-                                   sprawling. It means that there is a possibility to                                                       enough to meet the need for water in the future.
   bacteria will increase and the water level will decline.                                                                                             provide new connections.                                                                              •  The content of Fe (iron) is high.
Factor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        •  The cost of surface water treatment is high.
                                                                                                                              •                         The surface water can be used for raw water
• There is an imbalance between water production and water demand at present and in the future.                                                         resources.
• With the separate systems, the cost of O&M is high. In addition, some Prams use a pumping system.
• The quality and quantity of water catchments areas decrease.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Water Supply 5 - 5
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Special Province of Yogyakarta


                                                                  Reservoir System of Sleman,
                                                                      Yogyakarta, Bantul                                                                                      Scheme of Water Utilization From Magelang




                  Reservoir Induk

                                                Reservoir PDAM Sleman




                                                                                                                  Source : Kimpraswil DIY, 2002




                                                                                                                                            Water Demand Rate, Long Term (2019)                                   Potential of Water Sources from Magelang
                                                      Reservoir Gemawang
                                                                                                                                                                                                          4000
                                                                                                                                      1.2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3450
                                                                                                                                                                                                          3500
                                                                                                                                       1
                                                                                                                                                                                                          3000
                                                                                                                                      0.8




                                                                                                                    (m3/detik)
                                                                                                                                                                                                          2500




                                                                                                                                                                                               l/second
                                                                                                                                      0.6
                                                                                                                                                                                                          2000
                                                                                                                                      0.4
                                                                                                                                                       `
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1450
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1500                                     1200
                                                                                                                                      0.2
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1000
                                                                                                                                       0                                                                                                                          500
                                                                                                                                            1999    2004      2009     2014       2019                     500                      300
                                                                                                                             Yogyakarta     0.52     0.6      0.7      0.9        1.1
                                                                                                                                            0.17     0.3      0.4      0.5        0.6                       0
                                                                                                                             Sleman
                                                                                                                             Bantul         0.09     0.2      0.3      0.4        0.5                             Pisangan      Treko Spring     Gending       Srumbung      Total
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Spring Water      Water       Spring Water   Spring Water
                          Reservoir PDAM Bantul
                                                                                                                                                                                            Source : Bappeda Magelang, 2002
                                                                             Source : Kimpraswil DIY, 2002   Source : YUDP Analysis, 1999


                                                                                                             Strength                                                            Weakness
                                                                                                             •     There is a big groundwater source in Magelang that can be     •  The distance between Magelang and UAY is approximately
Potential of Water Sources from Magelang                                                                           operated gravitationally to the UAY.                             40 km. Thus, the investment cost will be quite high.
                                                                                                                                                                                 •  The water tariff cannot cover the water price from Magelang.
                                                                                                             •     The water reservoir to store the water from Magelang has been
Facts                                                                                                                                                                            •  The management of PDAM Yogyakarta is not ready to
                                                                                                                   provided by PDAM Tirtamarta.
                                                                                                                                                                                    cooperate with the private sector.
• The capacity of groundwater is no longer enough to meet the need for piped water supply DIY,               •     The distribution netwroks have been installed.
   especially the Urban Agglomeration of Yogyakarta (UAY).
                                                                                                             •  There are new potential customers.
• The costly surface water treatment becomes another issue to be addressed.                                  Opportunity                                                        Threat
                                                                                               3
• There is a big water source in Magelang Regency. Its production capacity is high (3.5 m /second).          •  There is an ooprtunity to cooperate with the private sector in •    The community living near the water sources in Magelang
   Thus, there is a possibility to conduct an inter-municipal cooperation in water management.                  water management from Magelang.                                    will complain because they also use the water for irrigation
                                                                                                             •  Improve the Joint Secretariat to also cover the inter-municipal
Trend                                                                                                           water management.
• The provincial government of DIY is interested to conduct a cooperation with the Regency of
   Magelang in water management.                                                                                 Potentials                                                              Constraints
                                                                                                                 •   There is a possibility to extent the service coverage in the        • The piped water networks have not fully been inter-
Factors                                                                                                             urban areas in DIY.                                                     connected.
• The capacity of groundwater in DIY is limited.                                                                 •   The quality and quantity of ground water resources in               • The unaccounted-for-water is high.
                                                                                                                    Magelang are sufficient.
• There is already an inter-municipal coordination in water management among PDAM Tirtamarta
                                                                                                                 •   The piped water supply can be operated gravitationally to
   Yogyakarta, PDAM Sleman and PDAM Bantul.                                                                         the UAY.
•  The groundwater from Magelang is very potential (close, big capacity, economical). The capacity is not
   yet optimised.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Water Supply 5 - 6
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                               REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                              N u m b e r o f Ind ivid u a l L a trine a n d S e w a g e T re a tm e n t C ha nn e ls
                                                                                                                                                                             L atrin e                        S ew ag e T reatm en t C h an n el
                                                                                                      Coverage Area of STP
                                                                                                                                     S u b -D istrict                       U n d er               No                     U n d er       No
                                                                                                            90% - 100%
                                                                                                            80% - 90%                                          S tan d ard S tan d ar          F acilities S tan d ard S tan d ar F acilities
                                                                                                            70% - 80%
                                                                                                            60% - 70%           K ulon P rogo                        72%         17%                   11%       54%           23%           23%
                                                                                                            50% - 60%           B antul                              51%         29%                   20%       40%           30%           30%
                                                                                                            40% - 50%
                                                                                                                                G unungkidul                         17%         50%                   33%       10%           45%           45%
                                                                                                       Industry Potential       S lem an                             68%         13%                   20%       62%           17%           21%
                                                                                                       to Cause Polution
                                                                                                         Chemical
                                                                                                                                Y ogyakarta                          65%         30%                     5%      38%           31%           31%
                                                                                                         Metal
                                                                                                         Food & Beverage        D IY                                 55%         28%                   18%        41%          29%           30%
                                                                                                         Mining
                                                                                                         Textile                                l on                          th              n   Y     n
                                                                                                                              S o u rce: C om p iati d ata o f R egen cy H eal D ep artm ent i D I P rovi ce, Year 2 0 0 0 - 2 0 0 1




                                                                        Source : Kimpraswil & Bappeda DIY, 2002




Sanitation in the Province of DIY                                                                                                                   Strength                                               Weakness
                                                                                                                                                    •   Most of the community are aware of the             •   Especially in the densely populated
Facts                                                                                                                                                   significance of off-site seweage treatment            areas, it is dificult to find a space for off-
• In the province of DIY, most of community’s sanitation needs have been served by on-site facilities: septic tank, liaching pits, and                  system.                                               site sewage treatment plant.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           •   The investment cost for off-site system is
   communal system. Some are served by off-site sewerage system. In general, the people living in rural areas use an individual system
                                                                                                                                                                                                              high.
   because there are enough spaces for individual waste treatment.                                                                                                                                         •   The issuance of Building Permit does not
• Some people living on riverbanks directly dispose their waste into the river without prior treatment. As a result, the content of BOD                                                                       require the condition to connect to the off-
   (Biological Oxygen Demand) in the river is high.                                                                                                                                                           site system.
• Septic tank or ‘cubluk’ desludging is usually done periodically by the private sector by vacuum trucks and the sludge is treated in IPAL          Opportunity                                            Threat
   (STP). Some people do not have their ‘cubluk’ desludged, but construct a new one in another location.                                            •  There is a possibility to develop an                •   The densely populated areas in DIY
Trend                                                                                                                                                  environmentally-sound sewage treatment                 (Yogyakarta, Sleman and Bantul) have
• It will be difficult to find a space for on-site treatment system, especially in densely populated areas.                                            for individua, communal and off-site                   porous land so the groundwater is easily
• The off-site system cannot cover the areas along the riverbanks due to their topographic condition. If the off-site system is applied, the           systems.                                               polluted (nitrate and coli bacteria).
   operation and maintenance cost will be very high.
Factor                                                                                                                                              Potentials                                             Constraints
• The sewage treatment system is environmentally under standard.                                                                                    •   There is a possibility to introduce a              •  The investment cost for the construction
                                                                                                                                                        communal treatment system.                            of standardized treatment facility is high.
• In the housing complexes, the individual sanitation system is used.
                                                                                                                                                    •   The construction of environmentally                •  Some people are not aware of the
                                                                                                                                                        sound treatment facility could be included            significance of environmentally-sound
                                                                                                                                                        as a pre-requirement of Building Permit               treatment facility.
                                                                                                                                                        issuance.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                              INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                   Sewerage & Sanitation 5 - 7
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                     Off Site Sewage Treatment of SEWON
                                                                                                                     No.     Uraian                             Satuan                2000                                  O&M Cost and Revenue for Off-SiteSTP
                                                                                                                     I       Network System                                                                        800
                                                                                                                         1   Primary Sewers                     m                 43.221                           700

                                                                                                                         2   Flushing Pipe                                        19.433                           600




                                                                                                                                                                                                  in Million Rp.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   500                                                              O&M Network Cost
                                                                                                                         3   Lateral Pipe                       m                 91.000                                                                                            O&M STP Cost Network
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   400
                                                                                                                     II      Treatment System                                                                      300
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Revenue
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Governm ent Subsidies
                                                                                                                         1   Total Area                         Hectare              6,7                           200

                                                                                                                         2   Treatment Capacity                 m3/day             15500                           100

                                                                                                                     III     Facultative Aerated Ponds                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1996   1997    1998    1999     2000   2001    2002
                                                                                                                             Ponds                              unit                       4                                                    Year
                                                                                                                     -       Retention Time                     hari                     5,5
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Description                       1996     1997        1998       1999     2000     2001       2002
                                                                                                                             Effective Depth                    m                          4   O&M Network Cost                           140      159         187        209      231      253        275
                                                                                                                     IV      Maturation Ponds                                                  O&M STP Cost Network                       359      250         291        315      577      528        553
                                                                                                                                                                                               Total                                      499      409         478        524      808      781        828
                                                                                                                             Ponds                              unit                       2   Revenue                                     62       70          73         78       82       86         90
                                                                                                                                                                                               Government Subsidies                       437      339         405        446      726      695        738
                                                                                                                             Retention Time                     hari                       1   Number of Connection                     5.283    7.053       7.595      8.197    8.798    9.399     10.000
                                                                                                                             Effective Depth                    m                        1,5   O&M Connection Cost/Con                 94.454   57.990      62.936     63.926   91.839   83.094     82.800
                                                                                                                                                                                               Source : DKKP dan IPAL Sewon
                                                                                                                     Source : IPAL Sewon




                                                                                                                     Sewerage Tariff
                                                                                                                                                       Permit
                                                                                                                      No       Customers     Tariff                     Description
                                                                                                                                                        Cost
                                                                                                                                           (Monthly)
                                                                                                                         1   Resident                                       Head
                                                                                                                      1.1    K.1              1.000     5.000           1 - 5 Person
                                                                                                                      1.2    K.2              2.000     7.500           6 - 10 Person
                                                                                                                      1.3    K.3              5.000    10.000          11 - 20 Person
                                                                                                                      1.4    K.4             10.000    12.500          21 - 50 Person
                                                                                                                      1.5    K.5             20.000    15.000            > 50 Person
                                                                                                                       2     Commercial                                   Employee
                                                                                                                      2.1    P.1              6.000     7.500           1 - 5 Person
                                                                                                                      2.2    P.2             10.000    10.000           6 - 15 Person
                                                                                                                      2.3    P.3             20.000    20.000          16 - 30 Person
                                                                                                                      2.4    P.4             50.000    30.000          31 - 100 Person
                                                                                                                      2.5    P.5            100.000    50.000           > 100 Person
                                                                                                                       3     Hotel
                                                                                                                      3.1    Non Star         5.000    10.000
                                                                                                                      3.2    * Star          30.000    15.000           Depend on
                                                                                                                      3.3    ** Star         50.000    20.000       accomodation class
                                                                                                                      3.4    *** Star        60.000    25.000
                                                                                                                      3.5    **** Star       80.000    30.000
                                                                                                                      3.6    ***** Star     100.000    50.000
Inter-Municipal Off-site Treatment System                                                                            Source : DKKP



Facts
•  DIY is already served by off-site sewerage system which was built during the colonialism time in the City of
                                                                                                                         Strength                                                                 Weakness
   Yogyakarta. In 1995, the service coverage was extended covering the urban agglomeration of Yogyakarta by              •   The off-site system can serve 110,000 customers.                     •   The service coverage of the off-site system is low.
   constructing Off-site Sewerage Treatment Plant (STP) located in Pendowoharjo, Sewon. Its service coverage             •   The trunk sewers have been installed in the service area.            •   Some areas are not yet provided with lateral pipes so
   is only 4% of the total population in DIY or 53,583 people served. The system consists of trunk sewers, lateral                                                                                   potential customers cannot be served yet.
   networks and flushing systems built in 1926.                                                                                                                                                   •   The O&M cost for the off-site system is high.
• Approximately 75% of the total population in DIY have individual facilities. 65% of community’s sanitation             Opportunity                                                              Threat
   needs have been served by on-site facilities, communal system, and off-site treatment system, and the rest            •  There in an opportunity to improve the inter-municipal                •   People still litter their waste into sewerage pipes.
   dispose their waste directly into the river.                                                                             coordination which has been established for STP
• Aside from the human waste, the non-domestic waste (from industries, hotels and hospitals) is also potential              management
   to pollute environment. Only several of these pollution sources have treatment plant facilities.                      •   There is a possibility to cooperate with the private sector
• In 1995, treatment sewer network and STP was develop. The capacity of the STP 110 l/second is able to                      in sewerage management.
   serve population of 110,000 heads.
Trend                                                                                                                    Potentials                                                               Constraints
                                                                                                                         •   There is a possibility to extend the service coverage to             •  The community’s awareness of the sewage treatment
• The capacity of off-site sewage treatment plant (STP) has not veen optimized.
                                                                                                                             commercial areas and hotels..                                           and paying for the sewerage fee is low.
• The flushing water is used for flushing the off-site sewerage networks.                                                                                                                         •  The investment cost for the construction and O&M of the
• People still litter their solid waste into sewerage pipes.                                                                                                                                         off-site system is high.
Factors                                                                                                                                                                                           •  The revenue from the sewerage fee collection is low.
•   The number of illegal sonnection is high.
•   The tariff is quite low (Rp 500 hh/month).
•   The O&M cost for STP is high.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Sewerage & Sanitation 5 - 8
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                     REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Special Province of Yogyakarta


                   Communal Sewage Treatment Plant                                        Legend :                                              Communal Sewage Treatment Plant by DEWATS
                                                                                                   River
                                                                                                 Communal STP




                                                                                 Operation & Maintenance Cost
                                                                         No.           Description                  Total Cost
                                                                                                                    (Rp/Year)
                                                                        1.       Operator                                1.200.000
                                                                        2.       Equipment                                  50.000
                                                                        3.       Desludging                                200.000
                                                                        4.       Effluent examination                       50.000
                                                                                 Total                                   1.500.000
                                                                        Source: Performance Evaluation of Communal STP, 1999




Communal Sewage Treatment Plant di Yogyakarta

Facts
•   The communal sewage treatment plant (Communal STP) is applied in densely populated areas of above 150 persons/ha.
    Each Communal STP serves between 10 and 100 households. This system has been applied in Yogyakarta City, especially
    in the areas which cannot be served by the off-site system. In the City of Yogyakarta, the Communal STP is located in
                                                                                                                                     Strength                                                       Weakness
    Wirogunan, Brontokusuman, Purwokinanti and Serangan.
                                                                                                                                     •   The locations for the communal system have been            •  The application of the communal system is limited.
•   The operation and maintenance of the communal system should be the responsibility of the local community (RT/RW). The
                                                                                                                                         available in Yogyakarta City.                              •  It is difficult to sellect the location for the communal
    annual operation and maintenance cost amounts to Rp 1,500,000/communal system. This cost will be sourced from all the
                                                                                                                                     •   The local organization to be responsible for the              system.
    customers paying between Rp 1,500 and Rp 2,500/connection/month for the communal system.
                                                                                                                                         operation and maintenance of the system is ready.
Trend
                                                                                                                                     •   This communal system is applied in the areas which
•   The communal STP will also be applied in other densely populated areas and in new housing complexes.
                                                                                                                                         cannot served by the off-site system.
•   Some people living along the riverbanks will still litter their waste into the river without prior treatment.
                                                                                                                                     Opportunity                                                    Threat
Factor                                                                                                                               •   There is a possibility to use an appropriate technology    •   The prohibition of littering liquid waste into the river or
•   The construction of one communal system serving around 20 households requires a total cost of Rp 75 million. This cost is            for human waste treatment.                                    into the open space has not been fully enforced
    quite high for the local community. Therefore, subsidy from the government is required.                                          •   It is proposed to include the construction of communal
•   In the densely populated area (>150 people/ha), it is difficult to construct the communal facility. The space where the              system as one of the conditions of developing a new
    communal system is constructed usually belongs to the government.                                                                    housing complex.

                                                                                                                                     Potentials                                                     Constraints
                                                                                                                                     • The communal system can be applied in the areas              • It is difficult to encourage the community to keep their
                                                                                                                                         along the riverbanks which cannot served by the off-site      living environment healthy, neat and clean.
                                                                                                                                         system.
                                                                                                                                     • The construction of the communal system can be on
                                                                                                                                         the space that belongs to the government.
                                                                                                                                     • It is possible to cooperate with the private sector for
                                                                                                                                         desludging services.
                                                                                                                                     • The communal system will decrease the groundwater
                                                                                                                                         and surface water pollution.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                           Sewerage & Sanitation 5 - 9
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Special Province of Yogyakarta


                                                                                          U D is pos al Site
                                                                                          U                                                                                                              SOLID WASTE ACCOMPLISED BY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          50
                                                                                           C o verag e A rea                                                                                                              10
                                                                                               < 25 %                                                                                                             Government
                                                                                               25 % - 50 %                                                                                                        Community

                                                                                               > 50 %




                                                                                                                   Source : Inventarisasi dan evaluasi
                                                                                                                   kinerja aset-aset persampahan, YUIMS 1999




          Source : Inventarisasi dan evaluasi kinerja aset-aset persampahan, YUIMS 1999
                                                                                                                                C o v e r a g e o f C o lle c t e d W a s t e in D IY                                              T r e n d o f C o lle c t e d W a s t e in D IY P r o v in c e ,
                                                                                                                                             P r o v in c e , Y e a r 2 0 0 2                                                                         Year 1996 - 2002
                                                                                                                      100 %                                                                                             8 .0 0 0

Solid Waste Management
                                                                                                                       90%
                                                                                                                       80%                                                                                              7 .0 0 0
                                                                                                                       70%                                                                                              6 .0 0 0
                                                                                                                       60%
                                                                                                                       50%                                                                                              5 .0 0 0
                                                                                                                       40%                                                                                              4 .0 0 0
Facts                                                                                                                  30%
                                                                                                                       20%                                                                                              3 .0 0 0

• In DIY, the solid waste management only covers the urban area. Based on the date of 2002, the solid                  10%
                                                                                                                        0%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 .0 0 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1 .0 0 0
   waste production in DIY amounted to 5,703 m3/day. Of the total solid waste, only 35% or 2,020 m3/day                      ak
                                                                                                                               art
                                                                                                                                  a
                                                                                                                                             ma
                                                                                                                                               n
                                                                                                                                                          Ba
                                                                                                                                                            ntu
                                                                                                                                                               l
                                                                                                                                                                              Pro
                                                                                                                                                                                 go
                                                                                                                                                                                                 kid
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ul                         -
                                                                                                                           gy             Sle                             lon                  ng
   transported to the final disposal site (TPA).                                                                         Yo                                             Ku                 Gu
                                                                                                                                                                                             nu                                        1 99 6    1 99 7       1 99 8         1 99 9   2 00 0        2 00 1       2 00 2

• At present, there are three final disposal sites, namely TPA Piyungan serving the local governments of                                   U rb an   R u ra l      N o t C o lle c t e d                                                             W a s te P r o d u c t io n      W a s te C o lle c t e d

   Yogyakarta, Bantul and Sleman, TPA Ringinardi serving Kulon Progo Regency and TPA Wukirsari serving
   Gunungkidul Regency. All the TPAs use the sanitary landfill system.
• The other solid waste handling is in the form of recycling and composting, while the hazardous wastes has
   not been properly treated.
                                                                                                                  Strength                                                                                        Weakness
• The operation and maintenance cost for the solid waste management is sourced from APBD. The
                                                                                                                  •    The equipment is available.                                                                •   The O&M cost does not comply with the existing
   involvement of the community and private sector has not been optimized.
                                                                                                                  •    The solid waste management from the source to the final                                       standards.
Trend                                                                                                                  disposal site has involved the local community                                             •   The coverage of solid waste managem,ent is low.
• In line with the population growth, especially in the Province of Yogyakarta, the solid waste production will        organizations.                                                                             •   Solid waste handling by types has not been done yet..
   also increase.                                                                                                 Opportunity                                                                                     Threat
• The revenue derived from solid waste collection fee is not enough to cover the operation and maintenance        •   The cooperation between the government and private                                          •   Community behaviour to keep their living environment
   cost.                                                                                                              sector in solid waste management is necessary.                                                 healthy, neat and clean.
• Some people still litter their solid waste on the riverbanks. There are approximately 266 illegal dumping       •   Ti is necessary to improve the composting activity to                                       •   In DIY there are sources of hazardous wastes such as
   sites found in the urban area of Yogyakarta (Source: Study on Good Governance in Water Resource                    support the agricultural sector.                                                               leather industries, film-printing offices, etc. At present,
   Management/GGWRM bulan Maret-April 2004).                                                                                                                                                                         there is no regional-scale waste treatment plant.
• The handling of hazardous waste has not been separated from that of organic waste.
Factors                                                                                                           Potentials                                                                                      Constraints:
•   Publicity and information campaign on solid waste management and collection fee has not been well             •   There is possibility to improve the solid waste                                             •  The coverage of solid waste management is low so the
                                                                                                                      management in DIY.                                                                             community not covered by this system tend to litter their
    conducted. Therefore, the involvement of the coomunity in solid waste management is weak.
                                                                                                                  •   For a big-scale composting, the private sector can be                                          waste into the open space nearby or into the river without
•   The operation and maintenance cost for solid waste management is high.                                            involved.                                                                                      prior treatment.
•   Solid waste recycling and composting are done in smal-scales.                                                 •   The community sould be actively involved in the solid                                       •  It is difficult to find another location for a new TPA.
•   The handling of hazardous waste is limited.                                                                       waste management through the existing local                                                 • The teatment facility for hazardous wastes has not been
                                                                                                                      organizations (RT/RW).                                                                         provided.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Solid Waste 5 - 10
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                  REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                               Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                 Shared Utilization of Final Disposal Site Piyungan
                                                 Facts
                                                 • Under the inter-municipal coordination context, there has been an agreement for a joint management of TPA
                                                    Piyungan among the City of Yogyakarta the Regency of Sleman and the Regency of Bantul under a Joint
                                                    Secretariat of Kartamantul. The final disposal site is located about 16 km to the south-east of Yogyakarta City.
                                                    The three local governments is proportionally responsible for the O&M cost.
                                                 • Sanitary landfill system is applied in TPA Piyungan. Recycling is done by scavengers. Composting has once
                                                    been done, but there is no follow-up.
                                                 • The leachate from TPA is not treated optimally.
                                                 Trend
                                                 • The heave equipment used in TPA Piyungan is poorly maintained.
                                                 • The number of scavengers and cows in the final disposal site increases.
                                                 Factors
                                                 • The conduct of operation and maintenance of the heavy equipment does not comply with the O&M manuals.
                                                 • Recycling and cow breeding in the final disposal site are profitable.

                                                                                 Contribution of Investation & O&M Cost
                                                                                 Solid Waste Final Disposal Site Piyungan


                                                                                                                                 4327

                                                                    4500
                                                                    4000
                                                                    3500
                                                                    3000

                                                             Rp       2500                                    1643
                                                         (in Million) 2000       1251

                                                                    1500                                                                652
                                                                                               305                                                  435
                                                                    1000            186 79                           251                      285
                                                                                                     44 18                 108                            72 32
                                                                      500
                                                                        0
                                                                                 1999          2000            2001               2002              2003


  Specification                                                                              Yogyakarta      Slem an         Bantul

                                                 Source : Kimpraswil Prop. DIY

  Stant to be openated :   1995
  Area :                   12 ha
  Depth :                  40 m
  Capacity :               2,7 Millions m3
  Life time Services:      10 – 13 year
                           (Depend on
                           Recycle activity)
  System :                 Sanitary landfill &
                           leachate facility
                                                 Photo @ YUDP


                                                  Strength                                                                                                        Weakness
                                                  •   The TPA is located in a valley far from settlement                                                          •   The leachate is not well treated thereby polluting the
                                                      areas.                                                                                                          surrounding areas.
                                                  •   There are scavengers in the TPA.                                                                            •   There is no supporting facility for the scavengers in the
                                                                                                                                                                      TPA.
                                                  Opportunity                                                                                                     Threat
                                                  •  There is possibility to cooperate with the private sector                                                    •   The surrounding areas are polluted by leachate.
                                                     in composting.                                                                                               •   Solid waste transport by trucks creates dust pollution.
                                                  •  Waste recycling.                                                                                             •

                                                   Potentials                                                                                                     Constraints
                                                   •   The composting product can be used as fertilizer or                                                        •  The life time of TPA Piyungan will terminate in five
                                                       ploant media.                                                                                                 years.
                                                   •   There are job opprotunities in TPA




                                                                                                                                                                                                    INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                            Solid Waste 5 - 11
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                     Daerah Aliran Sungai
                                                                                                    Bengawan Solo Hulu
                                                                                                    Karst(Sungai Bawah Tanah)
                                                                                                    Bogowonto
                                                                                                    Dengking-Munggi
                                                                                                    Opak
                                                                                                    Oyo
                                                                                                    Progo
                                                                                                    Serang



                                                                                                           Sawah




                                                                                                                                                    Intake of Kalibawang Dam                                                                   Intake of Karangtalun Dam

                                                                                                                                                    Coverage Irrigation Area
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Farming Land Area (ha)
                                                                                                                                                    RFA                  Dam                        Coverage               Water Resources
                                                                                                                                                                                                    area (ha)                                                            25.000
                                                                                                                                                                         B. Pengasih                               2.757 S. Serang                                       20.000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Suplesi dari waduk Sermo




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Area (ha)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         15.000
                                                                                                                                                    DPS Serang                                                           melalui kali Ngrancah                           10.000
                                                                                                                                                                         B. Pekik Jamal                            1.006 S. Serang
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5.000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Suplesi dari kali Papah
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0
                                                                                                                                                                         B. Kalibawang                             2.313 S. Progo                                                 2001 2002 2001 2002 2001 2002 2001 2002 2001 2002
                                                                                                                                                                         B. Karangtalun
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     KP            BTL   GK        SLM          YK
                                                                                                                                                    DPS Progo                - Sal. Mataram                        8.774   S.   Progo
                                                                                                                                                                             - Van der Wijk                        8.457   S.   Progo                                       Technical Irrigation              Semi Technical Irrigation
                                                                                                                                                                         Intake Kamijoro                           2.270   S.   Progo                                       N on Technical irrigation         R ural Irrigation (non PU)
                                                                                                                                                                         Intake Sapon                              1.970   S.   Bedog
                                                                                                                                                    DPS Opak             Beberapa bendung                                  S.   Opak                 Source : Dinas Pengairan
                                                                                                                                                    Source : Penyusunan Program Rencana Pengembangan Sumber Daya Air DIY
                                                                                                                                                            pada SWS Progo Opak O yo DI Yogyakarta, 2003




                                                                                                                                                    Strength                                                                                  Weakness
                                                                                                                                                    • The irrigation system has been well developed.                                          • The inspection on the water intakes is poor.
                                                                                                                                                        It serves the agricultural areas in the Province                                      • The irrigation cahnnels are often polluted by
                                                                                                                                                        of DIY.                                                                                  human waste and solid waste.
                                                                                                                                                    • Water is available all the year long for                                                •  The maintenance cost if high due to
                                                                                                                                                        agricultural purposes, industries and other                                              sedimentation.
Farming Land Area(hectare) by Irrigation System, 2002
                                                                                                                                                        public needs.
Irrigation Type                 KP                BTL                GK                SLM                  YK                         DIY          • During the dry season, there is enough water
                             2001     2002     2001     2002     2001      2002     2001     2002        2001          2002         2001    2002        supplying the rivers.
Technical Irrigation        6.799    7.233    1.122    1.115       130      147    9.999   10.005           0             0       18.050   18.500   • The irrigation activities provide adequate water
Semi Technical Irrigation   1.394    1.146   12.554   12.459     1.107    1.048    8.723    8.703         143           138       23.921   23.494       replenishment.
Non Technical irrigation    1.003      961      540      599       722      733    4.110    4.101           0             0        6.375    6.394   Opportunity                                                                               Threats
Rural Irrigation (non PU)      11       11      107      100       106      169        0        0           0             0          224      280   •   The irrigation system is potential for tourism                                        • The degradation of functions due to the
                                                                                                                                                        attractions and ecotourism especially in the                                             pollution by solid waste, sand and stones from
Total Area                  9.207    9.351   14.323    14.273    2.065    2.097   22.832   22.809          143              138   48.570   48.668
Source : Dinas Pengairan
                                                                                                                                                        agricultural areas that have well designed                                               the erosion and volcanic activities.
                                                                                                                                                        irrigation system.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • The number of agricultural land declines due to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 land conversion to non-agricultural purposes
Irrigation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (housing and commercial areas).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • The groundwater has been polluted due to the
Water for irrigation is sourced from the dams of Karangtalun, Kamijoro and Opak (at several locations) and the intakes of Kalibawang                                                                                                             use of inorganic fertilizer.
and Sapon.
The dam of Karangtalun is located in Progo River. The water is then distributed to Mataram Canal and Van der Wijk (directly through
several intakes), supplying the rivers along Opak RCA (River Catchment Area), 200–550 l/second to Madukismo Sugar Factory
(through Winongo River), and supplying the flushing water system for Yogyakarta City. The water flow of Mataram Canal is designed at                Potentials                                                                                Constraints
19.5 m3/second, but the realization is only 17 m3/second due to sedimentation.                                                                      • The irrigation system, the spreadover rice field,                                       • The limited water sources and the increasing
The intake and channel of Kalibawang serve the area in Kalibawang and Donomulyo. The water flow is designed at 7.25 m3/second.                         and rice field cultivation may be used for                                               need for water make the use and distribution of
They also supply the rivers of Papah and Serang.                                                                                                       ecotourism for foreign tourists.                                                         water sensitive issues.
The Dam of Kamijoro supplies the irrigation channel in the area of Pijenan. At present, the intake of Kamijoro is under improvement so              • The irrigation channel may be used for fishery
some rice fields in the sub-districts of Sanden, Pandak and Srandakan lack water (Kompas, 18 May 2004).                                                and hydroponic plants.
The intake of Sapon is located in the down-stream of Progo River. The water flow depends on water level of Progo River.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Irrigation 5 - 12
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Customers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      220.000



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Number of Households
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Total Customers




                                                                                                                        Source : DIY dalam angka 2002




                                                                                                                                                      Number of Electricity Customers by Kind of Customers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Number of Electricity Produced and Sold
      Electric Generating                                                                                                        Customers                   Year          Kulon Progo       Gunungkidul          Bantul      Yogyakarta     Sleman        Total                                                                (Kwh) in DIY Province
                                                                                                                                                                    2000           58,681           93,500          153,476       116,338      118,531          540,526
        E
        E      PLTA ( Hidro Power )                                                                                      Residential                                2001           60,815           96,906          157,403       119,232      122,335          556,691
                                                                                                                                                                    2002           62,652           99,317          163,186       122,428      126,971          574,554
        m
        m      PLTU
                                                                                                                                                                    2000            1,035            1,104            3,739         9,837        2,971           18,686
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1000




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Power (GWh)
                                                                                                                         Commercial                                 2001            1,156            1,945            3,260        10,587        3,607           20,555
        s
        s      PLTGU
                                                                                                                                                                    2002            1,254            1,997            3,618        11,066        3,928           21,863
        {
        {      PLTG ( Gas Power )                                                                                                                                   2000               17               30              106           195          104              452
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         500
                                                                                                                         Industry                                   2001               17               53               87           191          107              455
                                                                                                                                                                    2002               16               52               91           188          103              450                                                                                                  2002
        r
        r      Electric Relay Station                                                                                                                               2000            1,984            2,780            3,943         3,822        3,240           15,769                                                                                               2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0
              Electrical Network High Voltage                                                                            General                                    2001            2,055            2,709            4,196         3,865        3,307           16,132                                                                                            2000
                                                Source : PLN Jawa Tengah                                                                                            2002            2,133            2,775            4,344         4,126        3,393           16,771                                                                        Production
                                                                                                                                                                    2000           61,717           97,414          161,264       130,192      124,846          575,433                                                                                     Sold
                                                                                                                         Total                                      2001           64,043          101,613          164,946       133,875      129,356          593,833

Electricity                                                                                                              Source :DIY dalam angka 2001,2002
                                                                                                                                                                    2002           66,055          104,141          171,239       137,808      134,395          613,638
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Source : DIY dalam angka 2001,2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Consumption of Electricity in DIY Province (KWh)

Facts                                                                                                                                                                                  Type           Year         KULON PROGO              GUNUNGKIDUL             BANTUL            YOGYAKARTA       SLEMAN         TOTAL
  • In 2002, there were total of 613,638 electricity consumers, classified into households (540,526                                                                                  Customer
                                                                                                                                                                                                           2000            45,596,207             62,338,112        137,111,716          193,960,509   117,247,420   556,253,964
    consumers), businesses (613,638 consumers), industry (450 consumers), and public (16,771                                                                                       Residential             2001            47,079,863             66,593,910        139,175,409          200,337,614   120,621,296   573,808,092

    consumers)                                                                                                                                                                                             2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                           2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           51,549,811
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1,894,123
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  70,771,322
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3,950,181
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    159,280,182
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8,545,552
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         225,581,589
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         118,808,651
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       136,928,251
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        15,866,231
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     644,111,155
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     149,064,738

  • DIY Province electricity production in 2002 was approximately 1.2 billion KWH. Electricity sold was 90%                                                                        Commercial              2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                           2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,046,683
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,526,265
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4,026,558
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5,376,583
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9,980,922
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      13,105,512
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         120,713,945
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         138,766,028
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        18,156,156
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        22,058,508
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     154,924,264
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     181,832,896
    of total production capacity. Electricity consumptions were for household (644 million kWh or 58.6%),                                                                          Industry
                                                                                                                                                                                                           2000               3,821,187             3,148,888         15,412,655          30,699,802    95,988,476   149,071,008
                                                                                                                                                                                                           2001               3,943,899             2,717,619         15,350,020          29,185,576    93,125,370   144,322,484
    businesses (181.8 GWh or 16.5%), industry (160.4 GWh or 14.6%), and public (112 GWh or 10,2%).                                                                                                         2002               5,051,139             3,442,197         16,514,715          32,145,482   103,253,423   160,406,956

    The highest demand of electricity was in the businesses sector with the increasing rate of 25% per year.                                                                       General
                                                                                                                                                                                                           2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                           2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3,590,598
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3,872,173
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3,896,877
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4,323,968
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       9,782,975
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10,490,946
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          61,920,611
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          61,571,078
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        12,446,278
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        13,196,295
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      91,637,339
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      93,454,460

  • Electricity tariff is based on power cost (Rp/ kVa/ month) and consumption cost (Rp/ kVa/ month). During                                                                                               2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                           2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4,564,189
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           54,902,115
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5,096,064
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  73,334,058
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      13,386,832
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    170,852,898
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          71,806,521
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         405,389,573
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        17,404,449
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       241,548,405
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     112,258,055
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     946,027,049
    the last two years, there were electricity tariff raises periodically in every three months. The highest raise                                                                 Total               2001         56,942,618                    77,662,055        174,997,297          411,808,213   245,099,117 966,509,300
                                                                                                                                                                                                       2002         63,691,404                    84,686,166        202,287,241          468,299,620   279,644,631 1,098,609,062
    rate was in industry (6-7%) and the lowest raise rate was in households and public, such as government                                                                         Source : DIY dalam angka 2000, 2001,2002

    offices (0.8-1.33%).
  • Electricity energy sources of DIY Province are from Java-Bali inter-provincial network produced by State         Strengths                                                                                                                                     Weaknesses
    Electricity Enterprise (PLN), which most are produced by Water Energy Electric Generator (PLTA).                 •   Electricity network covers all DIY community                                                                                              •   The implementation of public information campaign on
Trend                                                                                                                •   Electricity disturbance is relatively small.                                                                                                 electricity saving is not well designed.
  • Households dominate the electricity demand.                                                                      Opportunity                                                                                                                                   Threats
  • Electricity overload in peak time hazards the operation and maintenance of electric equipment.                   •   The development of solar energy in remote rural areas.                                                                                    •   The electric overload during the peak hours results in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      increase of operation and maintenance cost of electricity
  • Increasing street lighting (PJU) made by the community, which were actually illegal.                                                                                                                                                                              equipment, for example voltage regulator (which is often
Factors                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               blown-up)
  • Households are the biggest market in electricity consumption.                                                                                                                                                                                                  •   The increasing number of illegal street lighting connections
  • Weak performance of public relation personnel in providing information of appropriate electricity usage,                                                                                                                                                          results in the increase of operation costs.
    for example not to ironing clothes during the peak time (17.00-23.00) or the utilization of energy saving
    lamps.                                                                                                           Potentials                                                                                                                                     Constraints
  • The nomenclature of street lighting tax is ambiguous. The community thinks that the areas where they             •   Optimize electricity utilization for Small-Medium-Scale                                                                                    •  High demand for electric connections hampered by the
    live should also be served by street lighting as the return of the tax they have already paid.                      Businesses.                                                                                                                                    costly initial investment.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Electricity 5 - 13
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                                                             Number of Telecommunication Services by Regency 2001-2002                                                      Number of Telephone Connection in DIY Province
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              By Central Capacity and Regency 1988 - 2002
   Coverage Area of PT Telkom in DIY Province                                    Legend :                           No                                                  Type of Services
                                                                                                                               Regency                                                                             Total                             (1)                (2)        (3)        (4)            (5)       (6)
                                                                                                                                                    "Wartel"    "Kios Pon"   Card Phone          Coin Phone
                                                                                   r
                                                                                   r     STO Telkom                                                                                                                               No Regency                           1998       1999       2000        2001          2002
                                                                                                                     1   Kulonprogo                        33           90                 9                  14           146     1   Kulonprogo                         1,720      1,920      1,920          2,600         2,600
                                                                                          Coverage Area
                                                                                                                     2   Bantul                            62          131                 10                  7           210     2   Bantul                             1,288      1,624      3,876          7,252         6,424

                                                                                                                     3   Gunungkidul                       43           98                 4                  14           159     3   Gunungkidul                        3,260      3,260      3,260          3,260         3,260

                                                                                                                     4   Sleman                           326          678                 97                 71      1,172        4   Sleman                            15,728     15,852     23,580        26,660      30,456

                                                                                                                     5   Yogyakarta                       992        2,286           1,056                358         4,692        5   Yogyakarta                       105,266    109,770    100,380    101,536         98,412

                                                                                                                         DIY Province                   1,456        3,283           1,176                464         6,379            DIY Province                     129,260    134,425    135,016    143,309        143,154
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Source : DIY Dalam angka, 2002
                                                                                                                         2001                           1,258        2,936           1,143                517         5,854
                                                                                                                   Source : DIY Dalam angka, 2002




                                                                                                                                                           Basic Tariff of automat Phone Connection in DIY Province

                                                                                                                    A. TARIFF FOR NEW CONNECTION                                                                                 B. BASE TARIFF

                                                                                                                            Type                               Business                              Resident                           Type                           Business                         Resident
                                                                                                                               I                      Rp         450,000.00                     Rp     295,000.00                         I                       Rp       46,100.00            Rp         26,100.00
                                                                                                                              II                      Rp         350,000.00                     Rp     250,000.00                         II                      Rp       38,500.00            Rp         23,000.00
                                                                                                                             III                      Rp         300,000.00                     Rp     200,000.00                        III                      Rp       38,500.00            Rp         23,000.00
                                                                                                                             IV                       Rp         250,000.00                     Rp     140,000.00                        IV                       Rp       30,700.00            Rp         16,500.00
                                                                                                                             V                        Rp         175,000.00                     Rp      75,000.00                        V                        Rp       30,700.00            Rp         16,500.00
                                                                                                                    Source : Telkom                                                                                              Source : Telkom




                                                                               Source : Telkom




Telecommunication in DIY Province
Facts
• Telephone networks have reached the urban area of DIY, sub-district capitals, industrial centers, and tourism
   areas. Telecommunication services are also provided by telecommunication kiosks (wartel), and telephone
   kiosk (Kiospon). The areas that do not have telephone networks are served by satellite networks.
• GSM-based cellular phone service has been operated since 1995 and followed by CDMA-based services.
   Government of DIY Province has cooperated with PT Indosat to develop CDMA-based cellular service,
   targeting 200,000 telephone connections.                                                                        Strengths                                                                                                 Weaknesses
• Aside from the telephone networks, Internet network also rapidly grows. The growth is indicated by increasing    •   Increasing number of cellular phone operators both GSM                                                •  Blank spot areas of telecommunication service.
                                                                                                                       and CDMA-based.
   number of of Internet Stalls (Warung Internet or Warnet), especially in the urban area.
                                                                                                                   •   Increasing number of telephone consumers.
                                                                                                                   Opportunities                                                                                             Threats
Trend                                                                                                               •   Government-private sector cooperation in telephone                                                   • Increasing number of telephone consumers as new
• The remote rural areas are expected not to be served by the telephone networks yet.                                   service development in DIY.                                                                             consumerism and communication pseudo demand that
• The supply and demand for new desk-phone lines tend to stay static.                                                                                                                                                           influence the local inflation rate.
• The cellular phone services grow significantly.
                                                                                                                   Potentials                                                                                                Constraints
Factors                                                                                                            •   Cyber-mass development in management of local                                                         • Blank-spot areas of telephone network service are still
• Telephone network service provider (Telkom) considers that the investment in cable telephone development             development, in which inter-connected and information                                                    uncovered by cellular phone services due to high cost
   is too expensive. It is approximately US$1,000 per line, and most are house-connections.                            accessibility serve as link-match accelerator in all                                                     installation development (transmitter)
                                                                                                                       sectors.
• Various operators provide cellular phone services resulting in service competition, which in turn attracts the
   consumers.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  INFRASTRUCTURE
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Telecommunication 5 - 14
Main Map                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                        Inter-Regional/Municipal Cooperation                                                       Inte r-Municipal/Provinc ial C ooperation in D IY

                                                                                                                                                                       Nu mber of                                                                                      Num ber of
                                                                                                                                        No         Provin ce                                  Field of Co operation                No         Regency/City                                    Field of Coo peration
                                                                                                                                                                      Co operation                                                                                     Cooperation
                                                                                                                                        1    Central Jav a            3              Cultural Tourism Dev elopm ent;               1     Bantul                        3             Training in W ork Force Q ualification
                                                                                                                                                                                     Managem ent of W ater Area of Progo-                                                            Im prov em ent for Job Seekers; Capital
                                                                                                                                                                                     Opak-Oya Rivers; Gov ernm ent,                                                                  Fund M anagem ent for Purc hasing
                                                                                                                                                                                     Dev elopment and Comm unity                                                                     Farm ers'   Rice;   W ater  Resources
                                                                                                                                        2    East Java                1              Local Dev elopment Cooperation in                                                               M anagem ent
                                                                                                                                                                                     Industry and Trade; Education and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2     Slem an                       2             Capital   Fund     M anagem ent    for
                                                                                                                                                                                     Culture; Tourism , Agriculture, Capital                                                         Purchasing   Farm ers'  Rice;   W ater
                                                                                                                                                                                     Inv estment; Mining and Energy; etc.                                                            Resources M anagem ent
                                                                                                                                        3    Jam bi                   3              Dev elopment of Industry and T ourism,
                                                                                                                                                                                     Dev elopment and Enhancem ent of              3     G unungkidul                  2             Capital   Fund     M anagem ent    for
                                                                                                                                                                                     Sm all-Scale Industry; Craft and                                                                Purchasing   Farm ers'  Rice;   W ater
                                                                                                                                                                                     Marketing; and Transmigration                                                                   Resources M anagem ent
                                                                                                                                                                                     Organization
                                                                                                                                        4    South Sum atra           2              Inter-regional Cooperation in Industrial,     4     Kulon P rogo                  2             Capital   Fund     M anagem ent    for
                                                                                                                                                                                     Trade, Cultural, Tourism , Agricultural,                                                        Purchasing   Farm ers'  Rice;   W ater
                                                                                                                                                                                     Manpower and Transm igration based                                                              Resources M anagem ent
                                                                                                                                                                                     on local needs.                               5     Yogyakarta                    1              W ater Resources M anagem ent
                                                                                                                                        5    Riau                     1              Transm igration
                                                                                                                                        6    South Kalim antan        1              Transm igration
                                                                                                                                        7    W est Kalim antan        1              Transm igration
                                                                                                                                        8    East Kalimantan          2              Transm igration, Education, Tourism ,
                                                                                                                                                                                     Manpower, Industry and Trade
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   C oope ra tion betwe en D IY Provinc e and O ve rse as G ove rnm e nt/In
                                                                                                                                        9    Central Kalim antan      1              Transm igration
                                                                                                                                        10   South Sulawesi           1              Culture,    Education,    Tourism     and                                         N um ber o f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   No           P ro vin ce                                      Field o f C oo peration
                                                                                                                                                                                     Econom y                                                                          C oop eration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1    K yo to P erfec tur e,         1             A rts and C ulture, E ducation and
                                                                                                                                        11   Gorontalo                1              Arts and Culture, Tourism , Industry and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        J ap an                                      S cientif ic Technology, and E ducation
                                                                                                                                                                                     Trade     as    well   as     Agricultural
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     and Culture
                                                                                                                                                                                     Inv estment, Science and T echnology
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2    P ro vin cia l G ov ern m en t 1             Trade, Tourism , Technology, E ducation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        o f Ism ailia , E g yp t,                    and Agriculture
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        A ra b R ep u blic
                                                                                                                                        Cooperation between Provincial Government of DIY and Governm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3    C a liforn ia S tat e of       1             E conom y and Trade, Industry, Tourism ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        USA                                          A griculture, E ducation and C ulture,
                                                                                                                                                                      Number of
                                                                                                                                        No            Agency                                   Field of Cooperation                                                                  E nv irom ent, and Inv estm ent
                                                                                                                                                                      Cooperation                                                  4    P ro vin cia l G ov ern m en t 1             E conom y and Trade, Industry, Tourism ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        o f T irol, Au s tria                        C ulture, S cience
                                                                                                                                        1    O ffice of National      1              Management of Dynamic Archive and
                                                                                                                                             Archive                                                                                    R ep ub lic
                                                                                                                                                                                     Static Archive
                                                                                                                                        2    BATAN (National          1              Iptek dan Teknologi Nuklir                    5    L og ist ic C o ns or tium ,   1             Logistic     S ystem      and       A irport
                                                                                                                                             Atom Board)                                                                                B erh ar d M a la ys ia                      D ev elopm ent in DIY Prov ince

Inter-Regional Cooperation                                                                                                              3                             1              Technological Research and
                                                                                                                                             BPPT (Board of
                                                                                                                                             Technological                                                                         6    S ur ug a M iya g aw a         1             H R D ev elopm ent, and Industry and
                                                                                                                                                                                     Application for Living Environment
                                                                                                                                             Assessm ent and                                                                            C o m p an y, J a pa n                       Trade, A griculture and Inv estm ent
                                                                                                                                                                                     Sector
                                                                                                                                             Application)                                                                                                                            D ev elopm ent
                                                                                                                                        4    Trade and Industry       1              Development of Small - and Medium             7    P ro vin ce of                 1             E konom y, E ducation, C ulture and A rts,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        G yeo ng a ng b uk -D o                      A griculture, Tourism and C raf t
Facts                                                                                                                                   5
                                                                                                                                             Departm ent
                                                                                                                                             Psychology            1
                                                                                                                                                                                     Scale Industries in DIY
                                                                                                                                                                                     Human Resources Development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        K or ea R e pu blic

•   The Provincial Government of DIY conducts the coordination with the other governments that is located in and out of the Java             departm ent of TNI-AD
                                                                                                                                             (Indonesian Arm ed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   8    A sia n D evelo p m en t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        B an k (A D B )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1             P ublic A dm inistration R enewal


    Island. The inter-regional coordination in Java is concerned with the following sectors of river management, tourism, trades and         Force)

                                                                                                                                        6    Departm ent of           1              Management of Capital Strengthening
    government administration. In addition, the coordination with other governments outside Java is in some sectors such as                  Agriculture                             Funds for Village Economic Buisiness
    transmigration and development matters.                                                                                             7    University of G adjah    1
                                                                                                                                                                                     Institution
                                                                                                                                                                                     Human        Resources       Education,
•   There coordination with the other cities overseas has also been conducted, such as Swiss, Kyoto – Japan, Tyrol-Austria,                  Mada                                    Research,
                                                                                                                                                                                     Empowerment
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Development       and

    Australia, Savannah- USA, Portugal, Czech Republic and Germany. The coordination is mostly related with culture, tourism,           8    State University of
                                                                                                                                             Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                      1              Community Education, Research and
                                                                                                                                                                                     Public Services in DIY Province
    technology and science.                                                                                                             9    Departem ent of
                                                                                                                                             Manpower and
                                                                                                                                                                      1              Training in W ork Force Qualification
                                                                                                                                                                                     Improvement for Job Seekers in DIY
•   The coordination between the Provincial Government of DIY and the local governments is related with the facilitation to the              Transm igration

    inter-municipal coordination, the control of rice crop price, on-the-job traings and the promotion of tourism and culture.          10   Board of Training and
                                                                                                                                             W orking Productivity,
                                                                                                                                                                      1              Conduct of Diklat (Training & Job
                                                                                                                                                                                     Training) and Productivity Improvement
•   The significant inter-municuipal coordination is the coordination between Yogyakarta, Sleman Regency and Bantul Regency                  Departm ent of
                                                                                                                                             Manpower and
                                                                                                                                                                                     of Manpower and W ork Productivity

    pertaining to the the infrastructures management. This coordination is conducted under the Joint Secretariat Yogya-Sleman-               Transm igration


    Bantul (Sekber Kartamantul).                                                                                                        11   TNI-AU (Indonesian    1                 Development of TNA-AU    Airfield
Trend                                                                                                                                        Air Force) Yogyakarta                   Runway in Gading, Gunungkidul -
                                                                                                                                                                                     Yogyakarta
•   The inter-municipal, inter-regional, and inter-national coordinations are mostly focused on cultural and educational programs.
•   The inter-municipal, inter-regional, and inter-national coordinations have not been assumed as part of the local development
                                                                                                                                        Strengths                                                                                 Weakness
    programs, but only serve as the spirit of openess.                                                                                  • The personnel responsible for such                                                      • The coordination is strong in policy level, but
Factors                                                                                                                                     coordination are available.                                                             its application is weak.
•   The formulation of inter-municipal or inter-regional coordination is more oriented to friendship relationship, rather than to the   • There are a lot of universities.
    economic matters which require more detailed formulation and preparation.                                                           • They are ready for coordination.
•   The provincial government or the local governments ave not been ready to manage the inter-municipal, inter-regional or inter-       Opportunities                                                                             Threat
    national coordination. This is because of the internal affairs that the government personnel have be taken care off. Therefore,     • Utilization of DIY human resources is in high                                           • The coordination result is not optimal and it
    the coordination issues tend to be neglected.                                                                                           bargaining position and more regarding the                                               decreases the trust of the partners. It could be
                                                                                                                                            human dignity                                                                            the local government or other countries.
                                                                                                                                        • Utilization of the coordination is a good
                                                                                                                                            example for coordination management. So, it
                                                                                                                                            will increase the dignity of DIY.

                                                                                                                                        Potentials                                                                                Constraints
                                                                                                                                        Quality improvement and worker’s protection is the                                        •  Consistency of human resources in managing
                                                                                                                                           follow up of the coordination agreement.                                                  the coordination
                                                                                                                                        DIY becomes a a pilot action of inter-municipal,                                          •  The policies are not consistently enforced.
                                                                                                                                           inter-regional and inter-national coordination.



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOPERATION
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Government 6 - 1
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                                            REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                              Special Province of Yogyakarta
                                                                                                                                                                            Non Government Organisation

                                                                                                            apkri • agape •bk3d •bina swadaya •bina kaum dhuafa •cri alocita •dian interfidei •dian desa •desa bina •dria manunggal •elpar •fki •format •gsk
                                                                                                             •galiya •gondho suli • girlan nusantara •humana •idea •imka •indikasi •impress •integritas •ktri •kodama •kutilang •labda shalahudin
                                                                                                            •lbh yogya •lbm •lpksm•lkis•lestari •lessan •lentera • lsps • lentera •pkbi •lekhat •lpm ukdw • lbham • lapera •labh • mukmin •madya
                                                                                                            karya bakti •pkbi •plan internatioal • pbhi • pelita kasih •patria pala •patria nusantara •persada • rifka annisa •sahaja pkbi •samin
                                                                                                                •serambi mataram • sapurata •trisna karya •tjoet nya dien •upkm cd bethesda •wana mandhira •wahana bakti •wahana insan
                                                                                                                                         mandiri •ykf •ypei •ypb •ysu• yasanti •yabinkas •ylki yogya •yanaterasila


                                                                                                            Supporting Regulation for Community Participation
                                                                                                                        Regulation                          Material
                                                                                                            •     Law No. 22, 1999                               •    Opportunity for local government
                                                                                                                                                                      and community to develop of the
                                                                                                            •     Law No.22, 1999, Article 92                         local potential.
                                                                                                                                                                 •    Local government must include the
                                                                                                                                                                      private sector and community in the
                                                                                                                                                                      development process.
                                                                                                            •     Law No. 24, 1992                               •    Public participation on spatial
                                                                                                                                                                      planning process.
                                                                                                            •     Local Regulation No. 12, 2002                  •    Guideline to setup Village
                                                                                                                                                                      Community Institution, Group of     Discussion Group Forum
                                                                                                                                                                      Neighbourhood Units and of
NGO’s efforts as community facilitator at Code River Bank settlement                                                                                                  Neighbourhood Units Association.

Government , Private Sector & community Cooperation                                                         Internet as Media Public Document
Facts                                                                                                            Region               Website                                      Information
   • The coordination between the government and private sector is conducted through the business           •     DIY Province       www.pemda-diy.go.id                •    Law products
       associations and Indonesian Board of Chamber in DIY. The coordination is related with the            •     Yogyakarta         www.jogja.go.id                    •    Strategic Plan 2004-2008
       information exchange about regional development and business promotion.                                    Municipality                                          •    Draft Local Law
                                                                                                            •     Bantul Regency     www.bantul.go.id                   •    Local Law
   • The coordination between municipals / local governments and the NGO’s has begun since the
                                                                                                            •     Sleman Regency     www.sleman.go.id                   •    Government Activites and
       beginning of 1970s. The NGO forum was established in 1987 and its declared the position of NGO as                             www.kulonprogo.go.id
       the local government’s partner. There are about 70 NGOs, which are concerned with social services,   •     Kulon Progo                                                Program.
       small-scale economic business, appropriate applied-technology, human rights, family planning               Regency                                               •    Complain services
                                                                                                            •     Gunungkidul        not yet instalation                •    Citizen Forum
       program, environmental issues and health.                                                                  Regency
   • Coordination with the community is intensively implemented because under the the democratic
       system, community participation is required. The community participation includes planning           Strengths                                                            Weaknesses
       orientation of development until the regional management.                                            •   There has been a solid association of private sectors.           •   ‘Jogja Inc.’ is misinterpreted.
   • Creating the website is the actualization of the information transparency from the government.         •   NGOs aready exist in DIY.                                        •   The Government and NGOs are mutually sceptical.
Trend                                                                                                       •   The community is ready to cooperate with the                     •   The community participation is needed only to justify the
   •    ‘Jogja Inc.’ policy cannot yet accommodate the government’s concern and the private sector’s            government.                                                          government programs.
       interest in the efforts to develop DIY.                                                              Opportunities                                                        Threats
   • The form of government and private sector coordination is still seeked for taking into account their   •    ‘Jogja Inc.’ has been established.                              •   The ‘Jogja Inc.’ is only for a business entity and it creates
       different interests.                                                                                 •   The participation of NGOs in DIY is just to bridge the               monopoly-oligopoly of business.
                                                                                                                community and the government, as a government-watch              •   Community is used as an object by the Government and NGOs
   • The openness from the government, both provincial and local governments, cannot yet effectively
                                                                                                                and a proof for government transparency.                             for bargaining their interests.
       attract the community to actively participate in the development process.
                                                                                                            •   Community participation in government activities.
Factors
   • The internal conflicts among the businessmen in DIY and the unclear explanation about the Vision
                                                                                                            Potentials                                                           Constraints
       and Mission of the development strategy make the ‘Jogja Inc’ programs static, just considered as a
                                                                                                            •   Open information on local development as a business              •  Unfavorable business atmosphere as a result of inconsistent
       spirit, rather than action plans to be conducted.                                                        competitive advantage for private sector, as well as the            local developments.
   • The coordination between the government and NGOs is still blurry. The governance reform of                 government and private sector to match their needs.              •  The uniformity in local development management makes any
       transparency is assumed to be the responsibility of the government.                                  •   Conduct of training in capacity building on government              differences be regarded as constraints.
   • The community and NGOs do not fully trustthe government.                                                   and NGO coordination.
                                                                                                            •   Conduct training in capacity building on government -
                                                                                                                community coordination.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 COOPERATION
Triple – A                                                                                                                                                                                     Government & Private Sector 6 - 2
Main Report                                                                                                                                                                                REGIONAL ATLAS
                                                                                                                                                                                Special Province of Yogyakarta

                                                                                                      REFERENCE


WEB SITE OF LOCAL GOVERMENT                                                                                   22.   Inventarisasi dan Evaluasi Kinerja Aset-Aset Prasarana di Koridor Perkotaan Kulon Progo : Sektor
                                                                                                                    Perumahan dan Penyehatan Lingkungan Pemukiman, YUIMS, Oktober 1999.
1.    Web site Propinsi Yogyakarta : www.Pemda-DIY.go.id                                                      23.   Inventarisasi dan Evaluasi Kinerja Aset-Aset Prasarana di Aglomerasi Perkotaan Yogyakarta : Sektor
2.    Web Site Kota Yogyakarta : www.Jogja.go.id                                                                    Perumahan dan Penyehatan Lingkungan Pemukiman, YUIMS, April 1999.
3.    Web Site Kabupaten Sleman: www.Sleman.go.id                                                             24.   Inventarisasi dan Evaluasi Kinerja Aset-Aset Prasarana di Aglomerasi Perkotaan Yogyakarta: Sektor
4.    Web Site Kabupaten Kulon Progo : www.Kulon Progo.go.id                                                        Jalan dan Transportasi, YUIMS, April 1999.
5.    Web Site Kabupaten Bantul : www.Bantul.go.id                                                            25.   Inventarisasi dan Evaluasi Kinerja Aset-Aset Prasarana di Aglomerasi Perkotaan Yogyakarta: Sektor
6.    Web Site Regency in Central Java Province                                                                     Persampahan, YUIMS, April 1999.
                                                                                                              26.   Inventarisasi dan Evaluasi Kinerja Aset-Aset Prasarana di Aglomerasi Perkotaan Yogyakarta: Sektor
BOOKS                                                                                                               Drainase, YUIMS, April 1999.
YUDP REPORTS                                                                                                  27.   Inventarisasi dan Evaluasi Kinerja Aset-Aset Prasarana di Aglomerasi Perkotaan Yogyakarta: Sektor Air
7.    Triple-A Edisi Pertama, YUDP Triple A, Mei 2002                                                               Bersih, YUIMS, April 1999.
8.    Draft Triple-A Edisi kedua, RDPRP, Februari 2004                                                        28.   Inventarisasi dan Evaluasi Kinerja Aset-Aset Prasarana di Aglomerasi Perkotaan Yogyakarta: Sektor Air
9.    Rencana Kerangka Tata Ruang dan Prasarana Aglomerasi Perkotaan Wonosari Kabupaten                             limbah, YUIMS, April 1999.
      Gunungkidul, Pemerintah Kabupaten Gunungkidul bekerjasama dengan YUIMS, Agustus 2000.                   29.   Press-ing Issues Demographic ( 1998 – 2000), Yogyakarta Urban Development Project.
10.   Rencana Kerangka Tata Ruang dan Koridor Perkotaan Kulon Progo Kabupaten Kulon Progo,                    30.   Press-ing Issues Social ( 1998 – 2000), Yogyakarta Urban Development Project..
      Pemerintah Kabupaten Kulon Progo bekerjasama dengan YUIMS, September 2000.                              31.   Press-ing Issues Cultural ( 1998 – 2000), Yogyakarta Urban Development Project.
11.   Inventarisasi dan Evaluasi Kinerja Aset-Aset Prasarana di Aglomerasi Perkotaan Wonosari : Sektor        32.   Press-ing Issues Environmental ( 1998 – 2000), Yogyakarta Urban Development Project.
      Drainase, YUIMS, Oktober 1999.                                                                          33.   Press-ing Issues Spatial ( 1998 – 2000), Yogyakarta Urban Development Project.
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      Jalan dan Transportasi, YUIMS, Oktober 1999.                                                            35.   Press-ing Issues Financial ( 1998 – 2000), Yogyakarta Urban Development Project.
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      Bersih, YUIMS, Oktober 1999.                                                                            37.   Press-ing Issues UDMIS&GIS ( 1998 – 2000), Yogyakarta Urban Development Project.
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      Persampahan, YUIMS, Oktober 1999.                                                                       40.   Kabupaten Bantul Dalam angka, (Tahun 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000,2001, 2002), Badan Pusat
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      Drainase, YUIMS, Oktober 1999.                                                                          41.   Kota Yogyakarta Dalam angka, (Tahun 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,2002), Badan Pusat
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      Bersih, YUIMS, Oktober 1999.                                                                            42.   Kabupaten Gunungkdiul Dalam angka, (Tahun 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,2000,2001,2002 ) Badan Pusat
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LOCAL GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS                                                                                            Yogyakarta, 1999/2000
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      REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAM



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          Executing Agency:                                 Funding Agencies:                                 Consultant:




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                                                               Cities Alliance
                                                               Cities Without Slums


      Department of Settlements          Swiss Agency            Cities Alliance      World Bank   Electrowatt Infra-Switzerland (EWI)
      and Regional Infrastructure      for Development                                                  jaakko poyry group
                                    and Cooperation (SDC)




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