Fall 2004 River Ties

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Fall 2004 River Ties Powered By Docstoc
					                                     River Ties
                                     The quarterly publication of the Alabama Rivers Alliance

                                     Working to unite the citizens of Alabama to protect clean, healthy waters

  Volume 8                                        Number 3                                           Autumn 2004

Warr’s Out at ADEM;
Environmental Justice is In
by Adam Snyder
         In a stunning turn of events,   need for leadership change in firing    Davis made a surprise appear-
the Environmental Management             Warr in order to improve environ-       ance at the meeting and addressed
Commission fired Jim Warr as             mental protection in the state.         the Commission. As a result, the
director of ADEM in October                      As of press time, Warr’s        Commission voted to work with the
and established an Environmental         status with the agency was unclear.     director to establish an environmen-
Justice Ombudsman position in            True to form, Warr defied the com-      tal justice ombudsman position.
August.                                  mission decision to fire him by rely-             David Ludder of LEAF
         Warr served as direc-           ing on a technicality in the law that   and Tanisa Foxworth of Alabama
tor of the Alabama Department            would allow him to remain acting        AAEJAN, both representing the
of Environmental Management              director. From all indications, the     ADEM Reform Coalition, gave a
for eight years, but he has been         EMC is moving forward quickly to        presentation on the siting of land-
employed by ADEM and its pre-            find an interim and/or permanent        fills in the poorest, minority com-
decessor agencies since 1968. The        replacement for Warr.                   munities in the state. The presenta-
failings of ADEM have been well-                 In August, more than 150        tion led to development of a rule-
documented by the media and the          people packed the EMC hearing           making petition that would require
ADEM Reform Coalition in the             room to express their concerns          the department to collect census
past two years, prompting the mem-       about environmental justice issues      data about people living near new
bers of the commission to cite a         in the state. Congressman Artur         permitted facilities.
                                                                                           Thanks to the leadership
                                                                                 of the EMC, and the hard work of
                                                                                 the ADEM Reform Coalition, we
                                                                                 may one day see a department that
                                                                                 is working towards environmental
                                                                                 protection for everyone in Alabama.

                                                                                   Ann Smith of the Ashurst Bar/
                                                                                   Smith Community in Tallasee
                                                                                   speaks before the Environmental
                                                                                   Management Commission as
                                                                                   Mark Johnston of Camp McDowell
                                                                                   in Nauvoo waits to address the
                                                                                   commission. Jim Warr sits among
                                                                                   the attendees in the first row.
                                                                                   Photo by Margaret Wade.
Page 2                                                                                                        River Ties

   Why Worry About
      Storm Water?                                                                       Alabama Rivers Alliance
                                                                                         2027 2nd Ave. N., Suite A
                                                                                         Birmingham, AL 35203
by April Hall                                                                            (205) 322-6395
                                                                                         (205) 322-6397 fax
         It’s hard to believe that something as natural as rain water can cause so       (877) 862-5260 toll-free
much damage to our rivers, streams, and lakes. But in fact, storm water is the           www.alabamarivers.org
leading cause of impairments to Alabama’s waterbodies.                                   Board members:
         Pollution from storm water is most commonly in the form of non-point            Mark Johnston, President
source runoff. This means that the storm water entering the river is spread out          Nauvoo

over an area, rather than being discharged through a single point, such as a pipe,       Henry Hughes, Vice President
gully, or ditch. Storm water pollution can also be from point sources, such as           Casi Callaway, Secretary
storm sewer systems, industrial facilities, and some construction or mining sites.       Mobile
         Storm water can pick up many pollutants such as nutrients, sediment,            Bill East, Treasurer
pathogens, and metals as it makes its way across land towards a water body or
storm drain. These storm water pollutants originate from many different land             Rob Angus, Birmingham
                                                                                         Murray Carroll, Huntsville
uses and activities such as agriculture, residences, roads/parking lots, construction,
                                                                                         Joel Cochran, Sylacauga
mining, storm sewers, and industry.                                                      Ed Colvin, Birmingham
         In urban areas even the quantity of storm water can be considered a pol-        David Cunningham, Birmingham
lutant. Impervious surfaces such as roads, driveways, parking lots, and roof tops,       Ben Ferrill, Huntsville
prevent rain water from seeping into the soil. The water is often directed into          Susan Motes, Tuscaloosa
                                                                                         E. Alston Ray, Birmingham
a storm sewer system and can lead to an increased amount of water in a short
                                                                                         Phil Sankey, Birmingham
amount of time and can result in increased flooding, bank erosion, deposition of         Dinah Sisson, Birmingham
sediment, and physical stream alteration.                                                Bart West, Birmingham
         Each of these storm water pollutants can affect our waterbodies in differ-      Advisory Board Members:
ent ways. Human health, quality of drinking water supply, habitat for wildlife, and      Desiree Alexander
property value are all potentially harmed by storm water runoff.                         Mark Andrus
         Citizens can play a role in preventing and reducing storm water damage          Ramble Ankumah
                                                                                         Karan Bailey
in their local water bodies by becoming a watchdog for land disturbance activities,
                                                                                         Greg Bass
encouraging local government to reduce urban and suburban storm water impacts,           Bill Bennett
                                                and participating in Alabama Water       Randy Haddock
                                                Watch’s citizen water quality moni-      John B. Scott Jr.
 ARA needs volunteers toring training. Watershed assess-                                 Ex-Officio Director:
     ARA is in need of volunteers               ments can also be a great tool for       Jayme Hill,
                                                                                         Alabama Environmental Council
 for a wide range of activities. We             local groups to identify storm water
 need help preparing for our annual             problems.                                Of Counsel:
                                                        For more information on          Bill Andreen, Tuscaloosa
 conference, and we could use some
 assistance with filing and organiz-            storm water runoff, contact April        Staff:
                                                Hall at (205)322-6395 or ahall@ala-      Adam Snyder,
 ing our display case. Volunteers to                                                     Executive Director
 send in newspaper articles related             bamarivers.org or visit the Alabama      Corleen Farley,
 to river issues are also needed.               River Alliance web site at www.ala-      Development Director

 Other volunteer opportunities                  bamarivers.org                           Lauren Fine,
                                                                                         OSM/VISTA Watershed Coordinator
include specific technical or policy-                                                    April Hall,
related projects. Contact the ARA

                                                                                         Watershed Restoration Specialist
office to volunteer, (205)322-6395.                                                      Amy Sides
                                                                                         AWARE Program Coordinator
Volume 8, Number 3                                                                                          Page 3

  ARA Gives Endangered Species a Helping Hand
                                                                                               by Amy Sides
        Alabama Rivers Alliance       canoeists and river adventurers as       significantly improve the ecological
staff recently helped approximately   the “Marvel Slab,” on the Cahaba         integrity of the Cahaba,” Dr. Randy
100 mussels and over 12,000 snails    River. ARA staff assisted scientists     Haddock, Field Director for the
and limpets move out of the way       and technicians, who spent three         Cahaba River Society, said. “An
                                                    days transplanting         essential quality of a healthy river
                                                    animals out of harms       is its ‘connectedness’. Marvel Slab
                                                    way, just before the       leaves shoals inundated and pre-
                                                    destruction of the         vents aquatic life from connecting
                                                    slab. During the relo-     with upstream and downstream
                                                    cation thousands of        populations, movements essential to
                                                    mollusks were picked       their life cycle.”
                                                    by hand from the                     This project is the result
                                                    bottom of the river,       of many years of planning and
                                                    counted and classi-        a diverse partnership, includ-
                                                    fied, and then carried     ing The Nature Conservancy,
                                                    upstream away from         Cahaba River Society, US Army
                                                    the dam removal site.      Corps of Engineers, Alabama
                                                             Built in the      Department of Conservation and
                                                    late 1960’s or early       Natural Resources, Presbytery of
                                                    1970’s as a bridge         Shepphards and Lapsley, Cahaba
                                                    to give coal trucks a      Sportsmen’s Club, World Wildlife
                                                    short cut across the       Fund, and the US Fish and Wildlife
                                                    river, this poured         Service.
                                                    slab of concrete was                 “Thousands of abandoned
                                                    built 6 feet tall, 24      small dams and diversions still exist
                                                    feet wide, and 210         on waterways across the southeast,”
                                                    feet long with 46          Paul Freeman, Freshwater Ecologist
                                                    3-foot diameter cul-       for The Nature Conservancy, said.
                                                    verts, designed to let     “The removal of Marvel Slab sets a
                                                    water pass through.        precedent that will likely be repeated
                                                    However, Marvel Slab
                                                    has acted as a low-        Photos (left): ARA staffer Amy Sides
                                                                               and Cahaba River Society’s Randy
of progress. Thirty-six percent of    head dam, embaying the river for
                                                                               Haddock identify a snail. Photo by
these animals are on the federal      about a half mile upstream, frag-        Beth Young. (bottom): Panoramic
threatened and endangered species     menting habitat, and, at times, creat-   view looking upstream at Marvel Slab
list.                                 ing a hazard to boaters.                 crossing the Cahaba River. Photo
        The progress comes in the             “Removal of this dam will        composite by Paul Freeman.
of the
of a
to many
Page 4                                                                                                         River Ties

 outdoors with bill east
         For those in the                on Highway 186.                            the segment from Porters Gap
Montgomery and Auburn/Opelika                     Chewalka State Park has a         Trailhead, the current southern
area there are a couple of excellent     series of interlocking trails, many        terminus of the Pinhoti Trail, over
hiking sites. The Tuskegee National      of which follow either creeks or the       to where the trail crosses Talladega
Forest has three trails worth noting.    lake. Maps may be picked up at the         Creek at Chandler Springs. Again
Many of you will remember William        park entrance, which is located just       panoramic views are plentiful, as the
Bartram, who came through this           off exit 51 of I-85.                       trail runs along the top of talladega
area documenting the local flora.                 One of the first outdoor          mountain, with valleys to the south
There is now a trail named after him     articles written for River Ties con-       and west and mountains to the
which runs almost the length of          cerned winter time hiking. Since           north and east. This section is about
the forest from east to west. Much       winter is almost upon us, excerpts         3.5 miles in length.
of this trail is through low-lying,      of this column are reprinted below:                 “Porters gap trailhead is
swamp like terrain, with giant beech              “There are a couple of            located on highway 77 about 15
and bay trees. The western part of       sections of the Pinhoti Trail that         miles south of Talladega. Chandler
the trail also runs along Choctafaula    are uncommonly scenic this time            Springs is reached by continu-
Creek. The closest trail head is         of year. The trail segment east of         ing south on 77 until you see the
located on Highway 186, one mile         Piedmont, running from the trail-          Chandler Springs sign at highway
east off I-85, exit 42, the Wire Road    head on highway 278 southward to           209. Take a left, go 1.4 miles to the
exit. And, yes, Tiger fans, it’s the     highway 70, is outstanding. The two        Chandler Springs Assembly Church,
same Wire Road you take to Auburn        mile stretch just north of highway         take another left and the trail sign is
football games.                          70 is especially inviting, since it runs   one half mile on your left. Continue
         There is also the Pleasant      along Augusta Mine Ridge and pro-          another one hundred yards or so
Hill Trail which runs from the           vides panoramic views of the valleys       and park just before the railroad and
above mentioned trail head over to       around Piedmont to the west and            creek”
Highway 29. Much of this trail is        the mountains far over into Georgia                 Questions or comments may
routed along forest service roads        to the east. This section is about six     be directed to Bill East, WRE32@
through scrub pine forests. Also         miles in length.                           aol.com or 205-870-4626.
much of it parallels Highway 29,                  “Another great area is
with the resultant traffic noise. Both
these trail are open to bikes, except       Cahaba River TMDL Available for Public Review
the portion of the Bartram Trail                 ADEM has issued a draft nutrient TMDL for the Cahaba
west of the 186 trailhead.                River. The public has the opportunity to review the TMDL and
The Bold Destiny Trail is primarily a     provide comments to ADEM by November 23, 2004. Comments
horse trail, although open to hikers.     can be mailed, faxed, emailed, or hand delivered to ADEM. The
There are a number of forest ser-         mailing address for comments is: ADEM, Water Quality Branch,
vice roads in the area, which may be      Attn: Chris Johnson, P.O. Box 301463, Montgomery, AL 36130-
utilized to provide out/in hiking in      1463. To fax your comments, send them to Chris Johnson at
conjunction with the trails.              334-279-3051. To email your comments, send them to clj@
         Maps of all trails/roads in      adem.state.al.us. The TMDL is available on ADEM’s website at
the area, plus information on the         www.adem.state.al.us/PublicNotice/PublicNotice.htm under the
Uchee Shooting Range and Tsinia           heading “Other Types of Public Notices”. The notice is dated
Wildlife Viewing Area can be found        October 10. If you want to request a hard copy of the TMDL,
at the Ranger District Office, one        you can also contact Chris Johnson at 334-271-7827.
mile further east from the trailhead
Volume 8, Number 3                                                                                             Page 5

                                                                                                    While other
                                                                                                    kids learn about
                                                                                                    canoeing, fossil
                                                                                                    hunting, and sein-
                                                                                                    ing for fish, this
                                                                                                    boy uses a dip
                                                                                                    net to search for
                                                                                                    aquatic macroin-
                                                                                                    vertebrates which
                                                                                                    indicate the condi-
                                                                                                    tion of local water
                                                                                                    quality. Photo by
                                                                                                    Amy Lewis Sides.

 A Day on the River                                                               out a fine fossil collection and
By Nancy Jackson and Amy Sides                                                    interested the group in the fossils’
         On a beautiful mid-             to test drive a boat.                    stories. Two Friends of the Locust
September Saturday, about 50 kids                  Opportunities to learn about   Fork River members presented
and 50 adults gathered on the            biodiversity abounded. Ruffner           Alabama Water Watch and ground-
Locust Fork to experience the area’s     Mountain’s Nicole Smith fascinated       water quality issues.
unique natural resources. Kids,          the crowd with several live reptiles              After a delicious lunch of
ages 8 and up, learned paddling          and amphibians, including a large,       hamburgers and hot dogs cooked
skills, gained an appreciation for the   friendly king snake. She taught          up by the Friends of the Locust
local biodiversity, explored water       both kids and adults that a turtle’s     Fork River’s own chefs, the partici-
quality, and examined remnants of        plastron is curvy for males and flat     pants and teachers received a special
Alabama’s ancient past during the        for females. The Friends of Locust       treat. Cindy Lowry brought two
now-annual “Day on the River”            Fork River’s Gene Gonsoulin cap-         rehabilited red-shouldered hawks
put together by the Friends of the       tured rat snakes, a possum, and          from the Alabama Wildlife Center.
Locust Fork River.                       other rarely seen critters, including    The crowd watched in awe as they
         The kids had a great time       a preying mantis. With dissecting        were released and again took to the
learning new skills on the water.        microscopes and fish tanks, the kids     skies.
Birmingham Canoe Club volun-             spied eye-to-eye with river life they             Next year, the Friends
teers brought their fleet of canoes      had swept up in seine nets in the        of the Locust Fork River hope
and kayaks, teaching each kid safe       river’s riffles.                         to expand the size and scope, to
and effective paddling techniques.                 The kids enjoyed other         include even more young people
Rotating in shifts throughout the        learning experiences, too. Local sci-    with the beauty, wonder, and impor-
day, every adventurous kid was able      ence teacher Ashley Allen spread         tance of the Locust Fork.
Page 6                                                                                                      River Ties

                                        economic opportunities around the         members from seven Alabama and
                                        river. One large concern now for          southeastern environmental orga-
   Protecting                           the group is the potential absence        nizations participated in the day-
                                        of federal funds to operate the lock      long event, where board members
       the                              and dam system on the Alabama             were trained on financial manage-
  Environment                           River. To find out more about             ment issues, strategic planning,
                                        the group, please contact Slaton          board recruitment, and fundraising
   in Alabama                           Crawford at (334) 682-4241.               for organization. If there is the
                                                                                  demand, ICL is interested in doing
                                        ARA Featured in                           another workshop in a year that will
Sewer Expansion Policy                  “Avenues”                                 cover other topics of board devel-
Being Finalized                                 The twice-a-year                  opment for even more grassroots
         The Jefferson County           Birmingham arts and events                organizations. Visit their website at
Environmental Services Citizens         magazine “Avenues” featured the           www.icl.org.
Advisory Commmittee is complet-         Alabama Rivers Alliance on its
ing revisions on a sewer expansion      September cover. The magazine             Tristate Files Amicus
policy. The committee stemmed           included an 8-page section dedicated      Brief on ACF
from the controversy in 2002 over       to rivers in the Birmingham metro                 On behalf of the
the Cahaba supersewer, and has          area, and the publishers intend to        Alabama Rivers Alliance, Upper
been working to develop a policy to     keep this section as a regular feature.   Chattahoochee Riverkeeper,
expand sewers in a sensible, trans-     You can pick up one of the 35,000         Chattahoochee Riverkeeper, and the
parent way. The policy calls for pub-   copies of the magazine at shops           Apalachicola Bay and Riverkeeper,
lic involvement and compliance with     around Five Points South and at the       the Southern Environmental Law
land-use studies that are underway      Visitors and Convention Bureau.           Center co-counseling with the
in the county.                                                                    Turner Environmental Law Clinic
                                        Conference Coming                         at Emory University filed an amicus
Upper Cahaba Plan                       Soon!                                     brief in September in the D.C.
Continues                                       Mark your calendars and           Circuit-Court of Appeals. This
        The Consortium of local         look for the Alabama Watershed            brief supports the challenge by the
elected officials of the Upper          Leadership Conference brochure to         States of Alabama and Florida to
Cahaba Watershed Plan will host         be in your mailbox in late January        a settlement agreement allowing
a meeting to update the public on       for the March 18-20, 2005 event at        metropolitan Atlanta to increase its
Phase II of the plan. The public        Camp McDowell. Don Elder, presi-          water withdrawals from Lake Lanier,
meeting will be held Thursday,          dent of River Network and former          a reservoir-on the Chattahoochee
November 18, 2004 from 6-8 p.m.         executive director of Cahaba River        River, north of Atlanta.
at the McWance Center in down-          Society, will be our keynote speaker.             The amicus brief focused
town Birmingham. For more infor-        Come to learn more about environ-         on the environmental implications
mation, visit www.cahabastudy.com.      mental policy, watershed health, and      of the settlement agreement, argu-
                                        how to make your grassroots orga-         ing that the agreement violates the
Friends of the River                    nizations stronger to save rivers in      National Environmental Policy Act
Continue Efforts                        the state!                                (NEPA). The brief states that the
       The Wilcox County Friends                                                  Corps was required to do a compre-
of the River held their most recent     Board University a                        hensive environmental impact state-
meeting at the Gaines Ridge             Success                                   ment, studying the impacts of the
Restaurant in Camden, near the                  The Institute of                  increased withdrawals on instream
banks of the Alabama River. The         Conservation Leadership hosted            beneficial uses and downstream uses
group is working to protect the         its Board University workshop             before the parties could enter into
Alabama River while promoting           in October. More than 20 board            an agreement reallocating water in
Volume 8, Number 3                                                                                                         Page 7

Lake Lanier. Both Florida and Alabama officials
were appreciative of the support on NEPA issues
                                                                       WATERSHED EVENTS
in making the case before the Circuit Court of           NOVEMBER
Appeals.                                                 18th – Friends of Shades Creek monthly meeting. Program: Paddling
                                                               from the Locust Fork to the Gulf of Mexico in a Kayak.
                                                               Presented by Sam Howell. Homewood Library, room 101. Call
Certification Is Always Good                                   Michelle at (205)879-6866 for info.
         A certification training for sampling acid      20th – Anniston Outdoor Association – Picnic, Night Hike, and
mine drainage conducted by the Office of Surface               Astronomy Program in Talladega National Forest. Contact Keith
                                                               Hudson at (256)231-7675, (256)820-1895, or (205)913-6571.
Mining and the Alabama Department of Interior’s                Registration deadline of November 18.
Abandoned Mine Lands Program was held at the             21st, 2 p.m. – Friends of Shades Creek – Hike at the Homewood
beginning of October for OSM/VISTAs working                    Forest Preserve near Homewood High School. For more info, call
                                                               (205)871-0666 or (205)414-0064.
in watersheds in central Alabama.                        23rd – Deadline for public comments on draft nutrient TMDL for
         The training provided an outline of acid              Cahaba River. For info, contact Chris Johnson at (334)271-7827
mine drainage classification including discussions             or visit the ARA web site www.alabamarivers.org/news.htm.
                                                         27th, 8 a.m. – Anniston Outdoor Association – Pinhoti Day Hike,
of AMD water sampling, field measurements, and                 moderately rated. Contact Keith Hudson at (256)231-7675,
analysis methods. In addition, the training illus-             (256)820-1895, or (205)913-6571.
trated acid mine drainage formation resulting from       30th – Current Issues in Storm Water Regulation in Alabama seminar,
the oxidation of pyrite materials associated with              Huntsville. For more info, call (888)678-5565 or visit
coal, coal waste, and overburden. The methods of         TBA – Friends of the Locust Fork – Geology Hike. See beautiful rock
collecting water, testing for pH, dissolved oxygen,            formations and learn how they were formed. Led by an Alabama
turbidity, salinity, and flow were also explored.              Geologist. www.flfr.org
         Sampling areas affected by acid mine            DECEMBER
drainage creates the baseline data needed to deter-      4th – Wolf Bay Holiday Celebration. Everyone is invited. Contact Liz
                                                               Langston for details (251)441-6637 or lizlang@bellsouth.net.
mine the best sites for future restoration projects.     5th and 19th, 2 p.m. – Friends of Shades Creek – Hike at the
                                                               Homewood Forest Preserve near Homewood High School. For
Watershed Hosts Needed                                         more info, call 871-0666 or 414-0064.
                                                         7th, 7 p.m. – Birmingham Canoe Club monthly meeting, Homewood
         ARA staffer April Hall is interested in put-          Library auditorium. www.birminghamcanoeclub.org
ting together a very informal program that will          9th – Friends of Shades Creek monthly meeting, a potluck supper and
let watershed groups and individuals share their               Christmas party. Dr. Jim Brown, History and Folk-lore Professor
watershed with other ARA members.- We would                    at Samford University will present the program for the night. Call
                                                               Michelle at (205)879-6866 or Henry at (205)414-0064 to confirm
like to highlight one or two watersheds per quarter            location.
in our newsletter and on our website.-
         We hope to visit streams and watersheds         A look ahead...
and share the positive aspects such as scenery,          5th – Friends of the Locust Fork – Locust Fork Invitational Canoe
water quality, parks/recreation, biodiversity, etc. as         and Kayak Races at Kings Bend off Hwy 79, north of Cleveland.
well as the negative aspects such as any threats to            Volunteers need to help with various aspects of running the races.
                                                               Visit www.flfr.org or look in the Blount Countian newspaper.
the stream like development or pollution discharg-       12th, 9 a.m. – Friends of Hurricane Creek’s 11th Annual Hurricane
es. This will be an excellent way to showcase the              Creek Cleanup and Chili Cookoff in Tuscaloosa County at
natural river resources in your area and reach out             County Road 88 (Stroker Point). www.hurricanecreek.org.
to other members who are experiencing similar            MARCH
threats or problems.                                     18-20th – Alabama Rivers Alliance's 7th annual Watershed Leadership
         All watershed visits will be scheduled for           Conference at Camp McDowell in Nauvoo, Alabama.
weekends. Volunteers are needed to recommend             26th – Friends of the Locust Fork – Locust Fork White Water Classic
                                                              at Kings Bend off Hwy 79, north of Cleveland. Volunteers need-
watersheds and streams and to guide a tour of                 ed. www.flfr.org or look in the Blount Countian newspaper.
the area. (Boats are not required.) So, if you have
                                                         If you would like your organization’s activities listed in River Ties or on
a stream or watershed you would like to share,           the ARA web site, email them to asides@alabamarivers.org
please contact April at ahall@alabamarivers.org or
(205)322-6395 to schedule a visit.                                     www.alabamarivers.org/
                                                                                                NONPROFIT ORG.
                                                                                                US     POSTAGE

                                                                                                PA NO.2348
                                                                                                BIRMINGHAM, AL

  2027 2nd Avenue North, Suite A
      Birmingham, AL 35203

River Ties is
sponsored by

        Donations Needed
         The Alabama Rivers Alliance
                                                                Mark your calendar!
          needs the following items:                                          7th Annual
 F Canoes, paddles, and life jackets                                   alabama
 F Filling cabinets                                                   watershed
 F Small, portable photocopier
 F Coat rack                                                          leadership
                                                                       March 18-20, 2005

                                                                       Camp McDowell
                                                                              Nauvoo, AL

                                                                    Keynote Speaker Don Elder
                                                                     President, River Network
                                                                 Bluegrass Band Over the Hillbillies

A bulldozer clears rubble during the removal                  Registration available online in January!
of Marvel Slab on the Cahaba River. Photo by                           www.alabamarivers.org
Paul Freeman.

                                   Printed on 100% post-consumer recycled paper