AJ Bradley Story

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        Andrew Jackson Bradley settled on land in extreme southeast Woods County, Oklahoma
Territory; land that was designated as a school quarter. In the 1900 Federal Census for Hobart
Township, Garfield County, Andrew J. was accompanied by his wife, Louisa, and five children:
James O., Myrtle, George E., Frank Earl and Ida Irene. (Attachment 1) James Oliver is shown as
age 29 and a Farmer while the last four children were teenagers at home.
        Andrew Jackson Bradley was born May 26, 1845, the sixth child of Gabriel and his first
wife Jemima(h) Bradley. Gabriel was the son of John Bradley the son of James Bradley. Gabriel
married, first Jemima(h) [last name unknown] and second, Mary A. Shuff. (Attachment 2)

       A. A. J. Bradley served as a sixteen year old Private in Company E, 4th Regiment,
          Missouri State Militia Cavalry Volunteers in The War of The Rebellion, known as the
          Civil War. (Attachment 3) His Company Commander was Captain Parke, whose
          Commander was General Egbert B. Brown. Private A. J. Bradley participated in
          several battles and skirmishes as General Brown’s forces chased Quantrell and
          Confederate General Shelby as they wreaked havoc in the Western Front (Arkansas,
          Cherokee Outlet, Kansas, and Missouri) in the Civil War. He was wounded in the left
          thigh and received a disability pension for this service and wound. The following is an
          account of the specific campaign and battle in which he was wounded.

       B. It should be noted here that interesting information on the Western Front is in a story
          "A Question of Loyalty," by Barbara McClanahan in the History Magazine.
          December/January 2002, Volume 3 Number 2, pp22-27.

          As the Civil War began, a the Confederate struggle to get Missouri on the southern
          side of the issue caused southern Missouri and northern Arkansas to become the
          location where armies of both sides camped and looked for food for both horses and
          men. During the summer of 1861 and winter of 1861-62, Confederate forces of
          General Sterling Price were constantly in this area and camped at Cowskin Prairie.

          Shortly after 1 January 1862, Union Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis began the
          process to driving Price out of Missouri resulting in the Battle of Pea Ridge, 6-9
          March 1862.

          Later, in the fall of 1862 Brigadier General James G. Blunt, "a zealous abolitionist,"
          became commander of the Department of Kansas. Blunt was to oppose the guerrilla
          activity in southern Missouri. The guerrilla's were remnants of Prices forces who
          remained after the Battle of Pea Ridge. [Remember most were citizen soldiers.] They
          were led by such as Captain Jo Shelby and included William C, Quantrill, Cole
          Younger, and Frank James and cavalry troops from Lieutenant Colonel Gordon. The
          Union leadership knew these guerrillas had to be squelched in order to secure
          Missouri into the Union side.

          The article cited is a good/interesting story about the pillage in the Civil War in the
          Western Front. Not until 1915 did a family in the story get any monetary
          compensation for crops, animals, fence rails, etc. taken during the Blunt encampment
                                                                                            Andrew J. Bradley
                                                                                                       Page 2
           in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas. It was a scant $600.00 according to the

         Andrew Jackson enlisted on April 3, 1862, and was Mustered In to Company E, 4th
Missouri Militia Cavalry Volunteers at Warrensburg, Missouri, on April 5, 1862 with horse and
saddle. He served as a Private with Company E, 4th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry
Volunteers. At the time of his enlistment he was listed as being age 16, five feet, three inches in
height, with black hair and complexion, single, occupation was farmer, Nat: Johnson County,
Missouri, place of residence at time of enlistment was Nodaway County, Missouri. Company E
was commanded by a Captain Joe Parke (1).
         In a battle between Marshall and Arrow Rock, Missouri, Private A. J. Bradley was
wounded in the left hip (see quote below) and would suffer a handicap from this wound the rest
of his life. As he grew older, he was more and more affected by this wound and less able to farm.
         There exists a set of books titled "The War of Rebellion a Compilation of the Official
Records of the Union and the Confederate Armies". In Series I, Volume XXXIV, in Two Parts,
Part I - Reports. Chapter XXXIV is titled "Shelby's Raid in Arkansas and Missouri - September
22 - October 26, 1863." Pages 635-636 are excerpted here by James E. Bradley. Excerpts follow:

      I. “Summary of the Principle Events:
                       Sept 22, 1863 - Shelby's Command sets out for Arkadelphia.
                       Oct 13, 1863 - Action at Marshall, Missouri.

      II. “Correspondence to Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield, Commander, Department of Missouri.

       SUBJECT: Action at Marshall, Missouri, Oct 13, 1863 - 3 p. m..
          Attacked the enemy's forces commanded by Brig. Gen. Joseph Shelby at this place this
          morning and, after five hours hard fighting, defeated him. Captured his artillery and a
          large number of small-arms, and part of his train. His casualties are large. Ours quite
                                                 Egbert B. Brown
                                                 Commanding General
                                                 District of Missouri

           “No. 3.     Report of Major George W. Kelly, Fourth Missouri State Militia Cavalry, of
           Action at Marshall, Missouri.

           “HDQTRS, Fourth Missouri State Militia, Cavalry, Marshall, Missouri, Oct 22, 1863.
                “Marched on the morning of October 10 with Companies A, B, E, and F of the
           Fourth Missouri State Militia Cavalry - down the Pacific Railroad to find whereabouts of
           General Jo. Shelby and his raiders, and to annoy him if found. Struck his pickets at
           Syracuse, skirmished some 4 mile east of Syracuse, and struck his entire force, 1600 to
           2000, forced them to stand - his artillery opened on me. My force being small, I retired to
           Syracuse and, by circuitous route, formed a Junction with Lt-Col Lazear at Tipton,
                Morning of Oct 11th, left Tipton with Lt-Col Lazear, marched to Syracuse and on in
           direction of Boonville, Missouri. Struck enemy's picket about 4 miles south of Boonville
           at dark. Animals and men being tired and night very dark, lay upon arms in line.
                Marched at daylight morning of 12th for Boonville, found the enemy encamped on
           Georgetown Road, skirmished all day. Lay upon arms in line.
                                                                                           Andrew J. Bradley
                                                                                                      Page 3
                Morning of 13th received orders to march at 4 a. m. direct to Marshall, Missouri,
           arriving about 7 a. m., finding no enemy fed horses and picketed different roads. At 8
           o'clock pickets on road east of Marshall (road leading to Arrow Rock) sounded alarm. Lt-
           Col Lazear ordered me to hold enemy with my command until he could get his line
           formed. I ordered Captain Joe Parke, with Company E. (about 50-60 men) down to
           skirmish with the enemy - which he did in good style. Enemy eventually was repulsed
           after making a desperate effort to force his way into town on road from the east.
                Fought for three hours when new guns were heard, it was Gen. Brown (E. B. Brown,
           Brig. Gen.) arrival. Shortly the enemy began retreat, leaving one piece of artillery and
           some other arms.
                Officers and soldiers of my command behaved well. Casualties in four squadrons are
           as follows: … Company E. Privates A. J. Bradley, shot in thigh, … I had six horses
           killed and 14 wounded. I followed up the retreat of the enemy from Marshall to Vansuet's,
           12 miles northwest same day (Oct 13th) encamped for the night.
                October 14, received orders to march command back to Marshall; arrived Marshall
           10 o'clock; received orders to march; left 11 a.m.; marched to Sedalia.
                                            George W. Kelly, Major
                                            Fourth Missouri State Militia, Cmdg Det.”
                (End Excerpts)
           [Note: Bold print added for emphasis by James E. Bradley, transcriber.]

        Andrew J. Bradley was in the Jefferson City, Missouri, general hospital from November
1863 through October 1864. His horse and horse equipment continued to be used by Company E
and he was paid for the use and risk of horse and equipment (2). Andrew Jackson Bradley was
Mustered Out of Company E, 4th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry Volunteers on April
4, 1865, at Warrensburg, Missouri (3).
        On February 10, 1870, A. J. Bradley of Doniphan County (Kansas) aged 24 years and
Louisa Jones of Doniphan County aged 18 years obtained a Marriage License from John C.
Gordon, Probate Judge, Troy, Doniphan County, State of Kansas. The marriage ceremony was
performed by David H. Bays, Minister of the Gospel, on 13th day of February A. D. 1870 at
Wolfe River T. P. (Township) in Doniphan County. The marriage is recorded in Volume A,
Record of Marriages, at page 15, in the Probate Court, Doniphan County, Kansas. (Attachment 4)
How Louisa and Andrew J. met is quite unclear. The marriage occurred several years after the
end of the Civil War; which reduces the likelihood of their having met as a result of his military
service during the Civil War.
        The 1875 Kansas State Census shows the family living in Padonia Township, Brown
County, Kansas, near the small town of Padonia—which no longer exists. Then there were four
in the family, A.J., Louisa, James Oliver, and Charles Augustus. A total of nine children: James
O., Charles Augustus, Jennie, Minnie, Emery, Myrtle B., George Elmer, Frank Earl and Ida
Irene, would be born to this marriage. Emery died young at age nine months. During the time
from 1870 until 1898, A. J. and family moved around quite a lot, living in Holt County,
Missouri; Doniphan County, Brown County, and Harper County, Kansas (4).
        Tradition says Louisa Jones was born in or near Sandusky, Ohio, on November 12, 1846,
but this is not proven. [It should be noted that recent research information has uncovered Louisa
Jones’ father and siblings. Samuel Jones was her father and there were several siblings.]
        Census information sometimes lists A. J. Bradley’s wife as Louisa and sometimes as
Elizabeth. Louisa (Jones) Bradley’s grandson, Charles Lester Bradley, indicates that Louisa is
one of at least three children; the other two being a brother, Clarence, and a sister Clara
Augustine (Mrs. Sam Augustine). Andrew Jackson Bradley and wife, Louisa were recorded as
living with two children - J. O. Bradley, age 4 and C. A. Bradley, age 2 - on the first day of
March, 1875, by the 1875 Kansas Census. They lived near Holt County, Missouri, until
                                                                               Andrew J. Bradley
                                                                                          Page 4
sometime after April 12, 1884 when Myrtle B was born. Holt County, Missouri, is just across the
Missouri River northeast of Doniphan County, Kansas.
         Andrew Jackson Bradley was plagued by his Civil War wound the remaining years of his
life. In 1890 he applied for a pension while in Danville, Harper County, Kansas (5). He was
declared three-fourths disabled. In 1896 he was certified as wholly unable to work and, at the
time of his death, was listed as an invalid. A. J. Bradley drew a veterans pension of $12.00 per
month until his death.
         Andrew J. Bradley is recorded as having lived in Woods County, Oklahoma Territory, in
addition to Harper and Doniphan Counties, Kansas. Sometime prior to October 1898 (6), A. J.
Bradley moved his family to a farm in Woods County, Oklahoma Territory, between Goltry and
Lahoma. The 1906 Atlas for Woods County shows as Mrs. Bradley's land, the Southwest Quarter
of Section 13, Township 24N, Range 9 West Indian Meridian, Sumner Township. (Attachment
5) This land was located 5 miles south and 1 mile east of Goltry, at the northeast corner of the
intersection—the house stood in the center of west side. The last child born to Andrew and
Louisa, Ida Irene, was born on this farm. Alfalfa County was later to be carved out of Woods.
         Andrew Jackson Bradley lived on and farmed this “school quarter” until his death. He
died August 5, 1905 and was buried on August 6, 1905 in the Karoma Cemetery located about
one-half mile southeast of the town of Goltry, Alfalfa County, Oklahoma. Louisa Bradley applied
for a Widows Pension on October 18, 1905 and received the $90.00 quarterly pension until her
         Louisa and the children continued farming until she could not continue due to health
reasons. Louisa moved to town where she owned lots 1, 2, and 3 in Block 12, in the town of
Goltry, which by now had sprung up in Karoma Township, Alfalfa County, Oklahoma. This
property was divided upon her death with one-third interest to each of her three youngest
children: George Elmer, Frank Earl and Ida Irene.
         At the time of her death a quarterly pension check, in the amount of $90.00, was returned
to the United States Government. She was paid $30.00 for the month prior to her death, which
occurred on November 11, 1920. (7) Louisa is buried next to her husband in the Karoma
Cemetery southeast of the town of Goltry.
         This was compiled by James Elwood Bradley, a Great Grandson.
                                                                             Andrew J. Bradley
                                                                                        Page 5
                                        END NOTES

1.     This information is from Andrew Jackson Bradley’s Civil War Veterans packet obtained
       from the National Archives. Pension Certificate Number 140,991. On 30 June 1890 when
       he made application for his pension, Andrew J. Bradley was a resident of Danville,
Harper         County, Kansas. He stated “that he believed himself to be entitled to pension by
reason of disability caused by gun shot wound of left thigh and hart (sic) trouble caused by
       hardship and exposure.”
2.     This information is from Andrew Jackson Bradley’s Civil War Veterans packet obtained
       from the National Archives.
3.     Ibid.
4.     This information is deduced from the birthplaces for each of the children.
5.     Civil War Veteran information from National Archives.
6.     Based on Ida Irene’s birth date and location.
7.     This information is from Andrew Jackson Bradley’s Civil War Veterans packet
       obtained from the National Archives.
                                                                      Andrew J. Bradley
                                                                                 Page 6
                            LIST OF ATTACHMENTS

               [Attachments not included in this MyFamily Posting.]

Attachment             Title of Attachment

    1.       Extract of 1900 Federal Census, Hobart Township, Garfield County, O. T.
    2        Extract of 1850 Federal Census, Jefferson Township, Johnson, County, MO
    3        Acknowledgement of Pension Application showing Enlistment.
    4.       Marriage License, Doniphan County, Kansas.
    5.       1906 Atlas showing Mrs. Bradley’s Land
    6.       Family Group Sheet for Andrew J. Bradley, 2 pages.
    7.       Missouri Volunteer Forces In The Civil War with Federal Service (Union):
             4th Regiment Missouri State Militia Cavalry (MSM).
                                                                                 Andrew J. Bradley
                                                                                            Page 7

1.   Not Included Here

2.   Not Included Here

3.   Not Included Here

4.   Not Included Here

5.   Not Included Here

6.   Not Included Here

7.      From Netscape: MISSOURI VOLUNTEER FORCES IN THE CIVIL WAR with Federal
Sunday, February 27, 2000


Organized at St. Joseph, Mo., January 28 to May 14, 1862. Ordered to Kansas City, Mo., May,
1882, and duty there fitting out till August. Skirmish on Littie Blue June 2. Ordered to Southwest
Missouri August, 1862, and reported to General Eghert B. Brown. Attached to District of
Southwest Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1862. District of Central Missouri, Dept.
of Missouri, to July, 1863. District of the Border, Dept. of Missouri, to January, 1864. District of
Central Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--Pursuit of Coffee August 8-September 1, 1862. Between Stockton and Humansville
and near Stockton August 12. Duty at Mt. Vernon till September 30. Joined Totten's Division,
Army of the Frontier. Oxford Bend, near Fayetteville, Ark., October 27-28. Expedition from
Greenfield into Jasper and Barton Counties November 24-26. Operations against Marmaduke in
Missouri December 31, 1862-January 25, 1863. Defence of Springfield, Mo., January 8, 1863.
Duty in Central Missouri and guarding Missouri Pacific Railroad, with Headquarters at LaMine
Bridge, Jefferson City, Tipton, Sedalia and Warrensburg, Mo.. till October, 1864. Operations
about Princeton May 4, 1863. Waverly June 1 (Cos. "B" and "C"). Sibley June 23 (4 Cos.).
Marshall July 28. Saline County July 30. Operations against Quantrell August 20-28. Operations
against Shelby September 22-October 26. Tipton and Syracuse October 10 (Cos. "A," "B," "E"
and "F"), Booneville October 11-12. Merrill's Landing and Dug Ford, near Jonesborough,
October 12. Marshall, Arrow Rock, Blackwater, October 13. Operations about Warrensburg
February 22-24, 1864. Scout from Sedalia to Bla,'.l(water June 3-5 (Co. "E"). Near Sedalia and
Marshall Road June 26 (Co. "E"). Huntsville July 16. Scout from Independence to Lafayette
County August 7-8 (Detachment). Operations in Lafayette and Saline Counties August 13-22
(Detachment). Near Roeheport August 28 (Detachment). Howard County August 28 (Co. "E").
Moved to Defence of Jefferson City October 1. Campaign against Price October -- Moreau
                                                                            Andrew J. Bradley
                                                                                       Page 8
Bottoms October 7. California October 9. Booneville October 9-12. Little Blue October 21.
Independence, Big Blue and State Line October 22. Westport October 23. Engagement at the
Marmiton or battle of CharIot October 25. Mine Creek. Little Osage River, Marias de. Cygnes,
October 25. At Sedalia, Mo., November, 1864, to April, 1865. Scout In Calloway County
November 6-7,1864 (Detachment). Moved to St. Louis April, 1865, and most of Regiment
mustered out April 18, 1865, Balance mustered out July 8, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 34 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2
Officers and 86 Enlisted men by disease. Total 124.

Source of Data: "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, V.III" by Frederick H. Dyer,
c1908, p.1305-1306
Copyright (c) 1998
Missouri Commandery
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the US

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