NSERC Budget 2008-09 (millions of dollars)

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					NSERC Budget 2008-09
     (millions of dollars)

     Discovery
   $410M - 39.7%




                                       Innovation
                                     $255M - 24.7%


    People                  Administration
$323M - 31.2%                $46M - 4.4%



        Total: $1.034 Billion
                                                     1
         People Programs Budget 2008-09
                               (millions of dollars)
                                                    Postgraduate
                                                                1
                                                     Scholarships
                                                    $104.6 - 32.4%
                     NSERC Chairs
                      $32.3 – 10.0%
                                                                         Research
                                                                        Fellowships
                                                                        $22.0 - 6.8%

          Canada Research                                               Undergraduate
              Chairs                                                   Research Awards
           $133.2 - 41.2%                                                 $24.4 - 7.6%
                                                             Science Promotion
                                                                 and Prizes
                                                                 $6.5 - 2.0%



                                         Total: $323M
1. Includes Canada Graduate Scholarships ($40.8).                                        2
      Discovery Programs Budget 2008-09
                              (millions of dollars)
                                                                  Research Tools and
                                                                     Instruments
                                                                     $5.8 - 1.4%

                                                                                  Subatomic Physics
                                                                                    $22.5 - 5.5%
                                                                                                1
      Discovery Grants                                                                     MRS
       $323.0 - 78.8%                                                                   $33.9 - 8.3%

                                                                                          SRO
                                                                                       $9.6 - 2.3%

                                                                                        Other
                                                                                     $15.1 - 3.7%


                                        Total: $410M
1. Includes Canadian Light Source funding from NRC ($3M) and Budget 2004 ($6M).
                                                                                                       3
      Innovation Programs Budget 2008-09
                                 (millions of dollars)
                                                                Networks of Centres
                                                                   of Excellence
                                                                   $49.9 - 19.6%
                                                                                       CMC
            Strategic                                                               $8.8 - 3.4%
           Partnerships
                                                                                  Research Agreements
          $108.4 - 42.5%
                                                                                      $4.7 - 1.8%


                                                                                      Technology Transfer
                                                                                                   1
                                                                                          Programs
                                                                                         $36.7 - 14.4%
                                       Collaborative
                                           R&D
                                       $46.2 - 18.1%

                                           Total: $255M
1. Includes CECR ($24.4M) and College and Community Innovation Program ($2.1M).                             4
                            NSERC Expenditures
        (millions of dollars)
1,200


1,000
                                                               Current Dollars
                                                               Constant 1998 Dollars
 800


 600


 400


 200


   0
  1998-99                  2001-02         2004-05   2007-08

                                 Fiscal Year


                                                                                       5
       NSERC Expenditures as a % of GDP

0.08 (%)



0.06



0.04



0.02



0.00
       1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007
                                   Year



                                                                             6
 NSERC Expenditures as a % of Federal
    Government Program Spending
      (%)
0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.0
       1998-99   2001-02             2004-05   2007-08
                       Fiscal Year



                                                         7
               NSERC Expenditures as a %
           of Federal Government Expenditures
                  on Scientific Activities
     (%)
12

10

 8

 6

 4

 2

 0
      1998-99        2001-02             2004-05   2007-08
                           Fiscal Year


                                                             8
NSERC R&D Expenditures as a % of GERD

    (%)
4



3



2



1



0
      1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007
                                  Year



                                                                            9
       People Programs Expenditures

300 (millions of dollars)
280
260
240
220
200
180                                                    Current Dollars
160
140                                                    Constant 1998 Dollars
120
100
 80
 60
 40
 20
  0
 1998-99           2001-02         2004-05   2007-08
                         Fiscal Year


                                                                               10
      Discovery Programs Expenditures

500   (millions of dollars)
450
400
350
300                                                         Current Dollars
250                                                         Constant 1998 Dollars
200
150
100
50
 0
1998-99              2001-02            2004-05   2007-08
                              Fiscal Year


                                                                                    11
   Innovation Programs Expenditures1

280 (millions of dollars)
260
240
220                                                      Current Dollars
200
180
                                                         Constant 1998 Dollars
160
140
120
100
 80
 60
 40
 20
  0
 1998-99             2001-02         2004-05   2007-08
                           Fiscal Year

 1. Excludes N.C.E.’s.
                                                                                 12
Grants & Scholarships Expenditures by
     Area of Application 2007-08
                                     Agriculture and Primary Food Production
                     Natural Resources
                                       Energy Resources
                                                               Environment
                                                                                                              Manufacturing Processes
                                                                                                              and Products
                      Construction, Urban and Rural Planning
               Transportation Systems and Services
                                                                       Information and Communication Services
        Commercial Services
           Northern Development
                                                                             Health, Education and Social Services

                                            General: Physical Sciences & Math.
               General: Life Sciences
                           General: Earth Sciences
    General: Engineering

0         20         40        60        80          100       120     140         160       180        200          220    240
                                                     (millions of dollars)


                                                                                                                                   13
           Discovery Grants1 Expenditures

           (millions of dollars)
400

350
                                                                                              Current Dollars
300
                                                                                              Constant 1998 Dollars
250
                           1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                           p. Preliminary data.

200

150

100

 50

  0
 1998-99                   2001-02                                  2004-05         2007-08

                                         Fiscal Year

  1. Includes all Discovery Grants and Subatomic Physics Discovery Grants.
                                                                                                                      14
                Average Discovery Grant1

     (thousands of dollars)
35

30

25                                                                                      Current Dollars
                                                                                        Constant 1998 Dollars
20                   1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                     p. Preliminary data.




15

10

 5

 0
1998-99              2001-02                                  2004-05         2007-08

                                    Fiscal Year

 1. Individual Discovery Grants including Subatomic Physics Individual Discovery Grants.
                                                                                                                15
          Research Tools and Instruments1
                   Expenditures
          (millions of dollars)
     60

     50
                                                                                            Current Dollars
     40
                                                                                            Constant 1998 Dollars
                         1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                         p. Preliminary data.

     30

     20

     10

       0
      1998-99                 2001-02                                   2004-05   2007-08

                                              Fiscal Year
1. Includes Subatomic Physics Research Tools and Instruments grants.

                                                                                                                    16
            Research Tools and Instruments1
              Expenditures by Grant Type
    55     (millions of dollars)
    50                                                                                   Category 3
    45                                                                                   Category 2
    40                                                                                   Category 1
    35
    30
    25
    20
    15
    10
     5
     0
         1998-99                   2001-02            2004-05                 2007-08
                                      Fiscal Year
1. Category 1 ($7,000 - $150,000), Category 2 ($150,000 - $325,000), Category 3 (>$325,000), and Subatomic
   Physics Research Tools and Instruments grants. Since 2003-04 only Subatomic Physics Category 2 and 3
  are included.                                                                                              17
Major Resources Support1 Expenditures

40   (millions of dollars)

35
                                                                                         Current Dollars
30                                                                                       Constant 1998 Dollars
25
                      1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                      p. Preliminary data.

20

15

10

 5

 0
1998-99              2001-02                                 2004-05           2007-08

                                   Fiscal Year

 1. Formerly known as Major Facilities Access grants. Includes Subatomic Physics Major
 Resources Support grants.                                                                                       18
        Strategic Projects Expenditures

     (millions of dollars)
70

60

50                                                                                        Current Dollars
                                                                                          Constant 1998 Dollars
40                     1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                       p. Preliminary data.




30

20

10

 0
1998-99               2001-02                                   2004-05         2007-08

                                      Fiscal Year


                                                                                                                  19
              Average Strategic Project

140
      (thousands of dollars)

120
                                                              Current Dollars
100
                                                              Constant 1998 Dollars
 80


 60


 40


 20


  0
 1998-99              2001-02             2004-05   2007-08

                                Fiscal Year


                                                                                      20
Collaborative R&D Grants Expenditures


 70    (millions of dollars)                                            Ten-year
                                                                        Average
 60
                                                                               60%
 50

 40                                                                    40%

 30

 20

 10                                                                      NSERC
   0
                                                                         Industry1
       1998-99             2001-02                 2004-05   2007-08
                                     Fiscal Year


1. Best estimate.
                                                                                     21
Industrial Research Chairs1 Expenditures


       (millions of dollars)
 30                                                                  Ten-year
                                                                     Average
 25
                                                                              56%
 20
                                                                   44%
 15

 10

  5                                                                      NSERC
                                                                         Industry2
  0
      1998-99             2001-02              2004-05   2007-08
                                 Fiscal Year

      1. University-Industry Program
      2. Best estimate.
                                                                                     22
      Networks of Centres of Excellence
               Expenditures1

 90    (millions of dollars)                             (%) 100

 80                                                              90
 70                                                              80
 60
                                                                 70   Expenditure
 50
                                                                 60   NSERC Share (%)
 40
                                                                 50
 30
 20                                                              40

 10                                                              30

  0                                                              20
      1998-99          2001-02               2004-05   2007-08
                               Fiscal Year

1. Includes expenditures by NSERC, CIHR and SSHRC.
                                                                                   23
Grants and Scholarships Expenditures1
         by Province 2007-08
(millions of dollars)




        B.C.
       $106.4                                                                                  Nfld.
                   Alta.
      (14.1%)                                                                                  $9.0
                   $71.8
                                 Sask.
                  (9.5%)                                                                      (1.2%)
                                 $33.4    Man.
                                (4.4%)    $19.3                   Québec
                                         (2.6%)   Ontario          $172.6
                                                   $284.1         (22.8%)                 P.E.I.
                                                  (37.6%)                                  $0.8
Other in Canada: $10.5 (1.4%)
Outside Canada: $13.3 (1.8%)                                                        N.S. (0.1%)
                                                                             N.B.
Total: $756.3                                                                       $23.9
                                                                             $11.0
                                                                                   (3.2%)
                                                                            (1.5%)
1. Excludes N.C.E., Canada Research Chairs and Perimeter Institute.
                                                                                                       24
      Regional Dimension of Expenditures1
50   (% of grants and scholarships expenditures)                                                       Ontario
                                                                                                       Quebec
                                                                                                       Prairies
40
                                                                                                       B.C.
                                                                                                       Atlantic
30

                          1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                          p. Preliminary data.

20



10



 0
1998-99                       2001-02                                              2004-05   2007-08

                                                    Fiscal Year

       1. Excludes N.C.E., Canada Research Chairs and Perimeter Institute.

                                                                                                                  25
Average Annual Growth of NSERC Grants &
 Scholarships Expenditures1 by Province
               1998-2007
      (%)
 14
 12
 10
  8
  6
  4
  2
  0




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                                                                                N
      1. Excludes N.C.E., Canada Research Chairs and Perimeter Institute.

                                                                                                        26
Distribution of NSERC Expenditures1 by
Province as a % of Provincial GDP 2007
       (%)
0.09
0.08
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
0.00




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                                                                                N
   1. Excludes N.C.E., Canada Research Chairs and Perimeter Institute.

                                                                                                        27
Distribution of NSERC Grants & Scholarships
 Expenditures1 by Province2 Per Provincial
     Full-time NSE Graduate Enrolment3
       (thousands of dollars)
  50
  45
  40
  35
  30
  25
  20
  15
  10
   5
   0




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                                                                                  N
        1. 2007-08 expenditures, excludes N.C.E., Canada Research Chairs and Perimeter Institute.
        2. Excludes P.E.I. due to low enrolment numbers.
        3. 2001-02 enrolment.                                                                              28
   Distribution of NSERC Grants &
Scholarships Expenditures1 by Province
 Per Provincial Full-time NSE Faculty2
      (thousands of dollars)
110
100
 90
 80
 70
 60
 50
 40
 30
 20
 10
  0




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                                                                                 N
      1. 2007-08 expenditures, excludes N.C.E., Canada Research Chairs and Perimeter Institute.
      2. 2001-02 faculty.
                                                                                                         29
Collaborative R&D Grants Expenditures by
             Region 2007-08

         (millions of dollars)
    24
                                                                                 57%
    21
    18
                                                                      43%
    15
    12
     9
     6
     3
                                                                            NSERC
     0
                                                                            Industry1
              B.C.           Prairies   Ontario   Quebec   Atlantic



 1. Best estimate.
                                                                                        30
Collaborative R&D Grants Expenditures by
           RPP Sector 2007-08

         (millions of dollars)
    26
    24
    22                                                                                       57%
    20
    18
    16
    14                                                                            43%
    12
    10
     8
     6
     4
     2
     0
             Information,         Food & Bio-Industries   Environment & Natural         NSERC
           Communications &             Sectors             Resources Sectors
          Manufacturing Sectors                                                         Industry1



 1. Best estimate.
                                                                                                    31
Industrial Research Chairs1 Expenditures
            by Region 2007-08

      (millions of dollars)
 11
 10                                                                               56%
  9
  8                                                                    44%
  7
  6
  5
  4
  3
  2                                                                          NSERC
  1                                                                          Industry2
  0
            B.C.              Prairies   Ontario   Quebec   Atlantic



1. University-Industry Program.
2. Best estimate.
                                                                                         32
Industrial Research Chairs1 Expenditures
          by RPP Sector 2007-08

       (millions of dollars)
  16
                                                                                    56%
  14
  12
  10                                                                     44%

   8
   6
   4
   2
   0                                                                           NSERC
          Information,       Food & Bio-Industries    Environment &            Industry2
        Communications &           Sectors           Natural Resources
       Manufacturing Sectors                              Sectors



1. University-Industry Program.
2. Best estimate.
                                                                                           33
NSERC Support1 of Canadian Universities
               2007-08
                            (millions of dollars)
                                                        Alberta        McGill
                                      UBC
                                                       $43 - 5.9%     41- 5.6%
                                   $60.7 - 8.3%
                     Toronto
                                                                                        2
                   $66.9 - 9.1%                                             Montreal
                                                                           $40.7 - 5.6%
                                                                                  Waterloo
                                                                                 $40.3- 5.5%
                                                                                     Queen's
                                                                                   $35.1 - 4.8%

                                                                                      Laval
                                                                                   $30.5 - 4.2%
                    Other                                                        Saskatchewan
                 $319 - 43.5%                                      Calgary        $29.8- 4.1%
                                                                 $25.5- 3.5%
                                      Total: $732.6
1. Excludes N.C.E., Canada Research Chairs and Perimeter Institute.
2. Includes École Polytechnique & H.É.C.
                                                                                                  34
Discovery Grants1 Competition Results
 (Number of Applications and Awards)

        (number)                                                         (%)
4,000                                                                          100


3,000                                                                          75

                                                                                         Requests
2,000                                                                          50        Awards
                                                                                         Success Rate
1,000                                                                          25


   0                                                                           0
         1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
                             Competition Year

   1. Individual, team, project, EWR Steacie supplement and Subatomic Physics Discovery Grants.
   Changed from 3 year grant to 4 year grant cycle in 1995 and to 5 year grant cycle in 2003.
                                                                                                    35
Discovery Grants1 Competition Results
   (Dollars Requested and Awarded)

       (millions of dollars)                                               (%)
250                                                                              100


200
                                                                                 75

150                                                                                        $ Requested
                                                                                 50        $ Awarded
100                                                                                        Funding Rate
                                                                                 25
 50


  0                                                                              0
        1999     2000 2001     2002 2003    2004 2005     2006 2007      2008
                               Competition Year

      1. Individual, team, project, EWR Steacie supplement and Subatomic Physics Discovery Grants.
      Changed from 3 year grant to 4 year grant cycle in 1995 and to 5 year grant cycle in 2003.
                                                                                                      36
New Applicants1 to the Discovery Grants
               Program

         (number)
 1,100
 1,000
   900                                                                          Applications
   800                                                                          Awards
   700
   600
   500
   400
   300
   200
   100
     0
          1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
                               Competition Year

1.   Researchers who have not previously held grants. Definition of new applicant changed in 1995.
     New applicants includes Subatomic Physics Discovery Grants individual and team since 2005.      37
New Applicants1 to the Discovery Grants
   Program - Success Rate2 by Rank

       (%)
100


 80
                                                                       Professor
                                                                       Associate Professor
 60
                                                                       Assistant Professor
                                                                       Other
 40


 20


  0
       1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
                        Competition Year
  1.     Researchers who have not previously held grants. Definition of new applicant changed in 1995.
         New applicants includes Subatomic Physics Discovery Grants individual and team since 2005.
  2.     No. of Awards/No. of Applications.                                                              38
Research Tools and Instruments Grants1
         Competition Results
 (Number of Applications and Awards)

        (number)                                                           (%)
2,000                                                                            60


1,500                                                                            45

                                                                                         Requests
1,000                                                                            30      Awards
                                                                                         Success Rate
 500                                                                             15


   0                                                                             0
        1999   2000   2001   2002    2003   2004   2005   2006    2007   2008
                              Competition Year

   1.    Category 1 ($7,000 - $150,000), Category 2 ($150,000 - $325,000), Category 3 (>$325,000), and
         Subatomic Physics Research Tools and Instruments grants.
                                                                                                         39
Research Tools and Instruments Grants1
          Competition Results
   (Dollars Requested and Awarded)

       (millions of dollars)                                                  (%)
120                                                                                 60

100                                                                                 50

 80                                                                                 40
                                                                                            $ Requested
 60                                                                                 30      $ Awarded
                                                                                            Funding Rate
 40                                                                                 20

 20                                                                                 10

  0                                                                                 0
           1999   2000    2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007    2008
                                 Competition Year

      1.     Category 1 ($7,000 - $150,000), Category 2 ($150,000 - $325,000), Category 3 (>$325,000), and
             Subatomic Physics Research Tools and Instruments grants.
                                                                                                             40
Strategic Projects Competition Results
 (Number of Applications and Awards)

      (number)                                                         (%)
700                                                                          60

600                                                                          50
500
                                                                             40
400                                                                               Requests
                                                                             30   Awards
300
                                                                                  Success Rate
                                                                             20
200

100                                                                          10

  0                                                                          0
      1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007
                           Competition Year



                                                                                             41
Strategic Projects Competition Results
   (Dollars Requested and Awarded)

     (millions of dollars)                                                  (%)
80                                                                                70
70                                                                                60
60
                                                                                  50
50                                                                                     $ Requested
                                                                                  40
40                                                                                     $ Awarded
                                                                                  30
30                                                                                     Funding Rate
                                                                                  20
20
10                                                                                10

 0                                                                                0
      1998     1999      2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007
                                Competition Year



                                                                                                  42
Postgraduate Scholarships1 Competition
               Results
 (Number of Applications and Awards)

        (number)                                                (%)
3,500                                                                 100


2,800                                                                 80

2,100                                                                 60    Requests
                                                                            Awards
1,400                                                                 40    Success Rate


 700                                                                  20


   0                                                                  0
         1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
                            Competition Year

   1. Includes PGS-M, PGS-D and Canada Graduate scholarships.
                                                                                           43
Postdoctoral Fellowships1 Competition
               Results
 (Number of Applications and Awards)

        (number)                                                             (%)
1,200                                                                              50

1,000
                                                                                   40

 800
                                                                                   30   Requests
 600                                                                                    Awards
                                                                                   20   Success Rate
 400

                                                                                   10
 200

   0                                                                               0
         1999      2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008
                                 Competition Year

   1. Excludes NATO Fellowships.
                                                                                                   44
Industrial R&D Fellowship Nominations and
              Awards Offered

        (number)
  160
  140
  120                                                    No. of Nominations
  100
                                                         Awards Offered

   80
   60
   40
   20
    0
        1998-99    2001-02           2004-05   2007-08
                       Fiscal Year



                                                                              45
Undergraduate Student Research Awards1

         (number)
 4,500
 4,000
 3,500                                                                             Industry
 3,000                                                                             University
 2,500
 2,000
 1,500
 1,000
   500
     0
         1998-99             2001-02               2004-05               2007-08
                                 Fiscal Year

1. From 1995-96 to 1998-99 the University Undergraduate Student Research Awards were
only given to small universities.                                                               46
Postgraduate Students Supported Through
             Scholarships1

         (number)
 5,000
 4,500
 4,000
 3,500
 3,000
 2,500
 2,000
 1,500
 1,000
  500
    0
         1998-99                2001-02                   2004-05                 2007-08
                                        Fiscal Year

    1. Includes all Postgraduate Scholarships and Canada Graduate Scholarships.
                                                                                            47
Postgraduate Students Supported Through
   Scholarships1 Who Held Their Award
             Outside Canada
       (number)                                                   (%)
 450                                                                     9
 400                                                                     8
 350                                                                     7
                                                                                Number of Students
 300                                                                     6
                                                                                % of Total
 250                                                                     5
 200                                                                     4
 150                                                                     3
 100                                                                     2
  50                                                                     1
   0                                                                     0
       1998-99          2001-02             2004-05            2007-08
                             Fiscal Year


  1. Includes all Postgraduate Scholarships and Canada Graduate Scholarships.
                                                                                                     48
   Foreign Study Destination of NSERC
Postgraduate Students Supported Through
             Scholarships1,
           1987-88 to 2007-08


                                                            United Kingdom
           United States
                                                              596 - 14.2%
           3,181 - 75.5%


                                                               Continental
                                                                 Europe
                                                               233 - 5.5%
                                                        Other
                                                      201 - 4.8%

                                       Total: 4,211
1. Includes all Postgraduate Scholarships.
                                                                             49
Postdoctoral Fellows Supported1 Through
    Postdoctoral Fellowship Program

       (number)
600

500

400

300

200

100

  0
       1998-99                   2001-02             2004-05   2007-08
                                       Fiscal Year

      1. Excludes NATO awards.
                                                                         50
Postdoctoral Fellows Supported1 Who Held
      Their Award Outside Canada
        (number)                                    (%)
 350                                                       70

 300                                                       60

 250                                                       50   Number of Fellows
                                                                % of Total
 200                                                       40

 150                                                       30

 100                                                       20

  50                                                       10

   0                                                       0
       1998-99       2001-02           2004-05   2007-08
                         Fiscal Year


  1. Excludes NATO awards.
                                                                                    51
 Foreign Study Destinations of NSERC
   Postdoctoral Fellows Supported1,
          1987-88 to 2007-08


                                             Continental
         United States                         Europe
         3,030 - 72.6%                       558 - 13.4%


                                               United Kingdom
                                                 379 - 9.1%

                                            Other
                                          204 - 4.9%
                           Total: 4,171
1. Excludes NATO awards.
                                                                52
Women1/University Faculty Awards Held


      (number)
120

100

 80

 60

 40

 20

  0
      1998-99                 2001-02                   2004-05               2007-08
                                      Fiscal Year

1. Program was cancelled in 1995 and reinstated with modifications in 1999.
                                                                                        53
Industrial R&D Fellowship Awards Held


      (number)
250


200


150


100


 50


  0
      1998-99    2001-02             2004-05   2007-08
                       Fiscal Year



                                                         54
    Employment of Industrial R&D Fellows
                1980-2005

                                     Can. University 8%

                                       Abroad 7%

                                       Other/Unknown 10%

                                     Other Can. Employer
IRFs Still Held   IRFs Finished
                                            14%
  193 - 13%        1,328 - 87%

                                  Same Employer 61%




                                                           55
Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) in
              Canada
     (billions of dollars)
32
30
28
26
                                                                                 Current Dollars
                                                                                 Constant 1998 Dollars
24
                        1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
22                      p. Preliminary data.



20
18
16
14
12
10
 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

                                               Year
 Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                                                         56
                Canada: GERD as a % of GDP

      (% of GDP)
2.2
2.1
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.0
         1998      1999       2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007
                                            Year
      Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                                      57
Gross Expenditures on R&D (NSE) in
             Canada
 22   (billions of dollars)

 20

 18                                                                                                    Current Dollars
                                                                                                       Constant 1998 Dollars
 16
                      1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                      p. Preliminary data.
 14

 12

 10

  8

  6
  1998      1999    2000       2001          2002           2003           2004   2005   2006   2007

                                                   Year

Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                                                                               58
Canada: GERD in the NSE as a % of GDP

      (% of GDP)
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
         1998      1999       2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007
                                            Year

      Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                                      59
GERD (NSE) by Funding Sector 2007
                         (millions of dollars)
                                     Federal Gov't
                                    $3,533 - 17.3%
                                                Higher Education
                                                 $1,782 - 8.7%


                                                              Foreign
         Business                                          $1,785 - 8.7%
       Enterprises
     $12,281 - 60.1%
                                                       Provincial Gov´ts
                                                         $880 - 4.3%
                                      Private Non-Profit
                                         $174 - 0.9%
                             Total: $20,435
Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                           60
          GERD (NSE) by Funding Sector

     (% of total)
70
                                                                            Business
60                                                                          Enterprises

50                                                                          Foreign

40
                                                                            Federal Gov't
30
                                                                            Higher
20                                                                          Education
10                                                                          Provincial
                                                                            Gov'ts
 0
  1998     1999     2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007

                                     Year
 Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                                          61
GERD (NSE) by Performing Sector 2007
                          (millions of dollars)



                                                Higher Education
                                                  $4,290 - 21%
         Business
        Enterprises
      $13,842 - 67.7%                                  Federal Gov't
                                                       $1,993 - 9.8%

                                                       Provincial Gov´ts
                                                         $259 - 1.3%
                                           Private
                                          Non-Profit
                                          $51 - 0.2%
                              Total: $20,435
 Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                           62
             GERD (NSE) by Performing
                     Sector
      (% of total)
 80

 70                                                                                                          Business
                                                                                                             Enterprises
 60

 50                                                                                                          Higher
                     1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                     p. Preliminary data.                                                                    Education
 40

 30                                                                                                          Federal Gov't

 20

 10                                                                                                          Provincial
                                                                                                             Gov'ts
  0
   1998     1999      2000             2001              2002             2003   2004   2005   2006   2007

                                                                 Year
Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                                                                          63
        GERD (NSE) by Performer - Federal
                 Government

        (millions of dollars)                        (% of GDP)
2,500                                                             0.30


2,000                                                             0.26


1,500                                                             0.22   Current Dollars
                                                                         Constant 1998 Dollars
1,000                                                             0.18   % of GDP

 500                                                              0.14


   0                                                              0.10
        1998                    2001          2004      2007
                                       Year

   Source : Statistics Canada.
                                                                                             64
  GERD (NSE) by Performer - Provincial
            Governments

       (millions of dollars)                        (% of GDP)
300                                                              0.06

250                                                              0.05

200                                                              0.04
                                                                        Current Dollars
150                                                              0.03   Constant 1998 Dollars
                                                                        % of GDP
100                                                              0.02

 50                                                              0.01

  0                                                              0.00
        1998                   2001          2004      2007
                                      Year

      Source : Statistics Canada.
                                                                                            65
     GERD (NSE) by Performer - Business
                Enterprises

     (billions of dollars)                        (% of GDP)
16                                                             1.2
14                                                             1.1
12                                                             1.0
10                                                             0.9   Current Dollars
 8                                                             0.8   Constant 1998 Dollars
 6                                                             0.7   % of GDP
 4                                                             0.6
 2                                                             0.5
 0                                                             0.4
      1998                   2001          2004      2007
                                    Year

     Source : Statistics Canada.
                                                                                         66
        GERD (NSE) by Performer - Higher
                  Education

        (millions of dollars)                        (% of GDP)
5,000                                                             0.45
4,500                                                             0.40
4,000                                                             0.35
3,500                                                             0.30
3,000                                                                    Current Dollars
                                                                  0.25
2,500                                                                    Constant 1998 Dollars
                                                                  0.20
2,000                                                                    % of GDP
1,500                                                             0.15

1,000                                                             0.10
 500                                                              0.05
   0                                                              0.00
        1998                    2001          2004       2007
                                       Year

   Source : Statistics Canada.
                                                                                             67
Canadian University R&D (NSE) Funding
                2007
                          (millions of dollars)

                Universities                        Provincial Gov'ts
               $1,782 - 41.5%                         $539 - 12.6%

                                                            Business
                                                           Enterprises
                                                           $472 - 11%

                                                           Private Non-
                                                              Profit
                               Federal Gov't     Foreign $160 - 3.7%
                              $1,261 - 29.4%    $76 - 1.8%


                                    Total: $4,290
 Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                          68
Canadian University R&D (NSE) Funding

      (% of total)
 50
                                                                                                           Universities
 40

                                                                                                           Federal Gov't
 30                   1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                      p. Preliminary data.




 20                                                                                                        Provincial
                                                                                                           Gov'ts

 10                                                                                                        Business
                                                                                                           Enterprises
  0
  1998     1999      2000         2001             2002              2003      2004   2005   2006   2007

                                                            Year
  Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                                                                          69
Bachelor’s & First Professional Degree
             Enrolment1

     (thousands)
80
                                                          Life Sci.
70
                                                          Eng. & Computer Sci.
60                                                        Math. & Physical Sci.
50
40
30
20
10
 0
     1994-95           1997-98        2000-01   2003-04
                          Academic Year

 1. Full-Time.
 Source: Statistics Canada.
                                                                                  70
                          Master’s Enrolment1


 (thousands)
12                                                        Life Sci.
11
                                                          Eng. & Computer Sci.
10
 9                                                        Math. & Physical Sci.
 8
 7
 6
 5
 4
 3
 2
 1
 0
     1994-95            1997-98       2000-01   2003-04
                          Academic Year

     1. Full-Time.
     Source: Statistics Canada.
                                                                                  71
                        Doctoral Enrolment1


6,000                                                     Life Sci.
                                                          Eng. & Computer Sci.
5,000
                                                          Math. & Physical Sci.
4,000

3,000

2,000

1,000

   0
        1994-95         1997-98       2000-01   2003-04
                          Academic Year

   1. Full-Time.
   Source: Statistics Canada.
                                                                                  72
Enrolment1 in the Natural Sciences &
Engineering as a % of Total Enrolment
     (% of total)
50

                                                                                                 Bachelor's
40


30                  1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.                       Master's
                    p. Preliminary data.




20                                                                                               Doctoral

10


 0
1994-95                     1997-98                                          2000-01   2003-04
                                            Academic Year
 1. Full-Time.
 Source: Statistics Canada.
                                                                                                              73
Bachelor’s & First Professional Degrees
                Granted

     (thousands)
18
                                                        Life Sci.
16
                                                        Eng. & Computer Sci.
14
                                                        Math. & Physical Sci.
12
10
 8
 6
 4
 2
 0
       1994                1997           2000   2003
                                   Year

      Source: Statistics Canada.
                                                                                74
                 Master’s Degrees Granted


4,000
                                                      Life Sci.
3,500
                                                      Eng. & Computer Sci.
3,000                                                 Math. & Physical Sci.
2,500
2,000
1,500
1,000
 500
   0
        1994              1997          2000   2003
                                 Year

   Source: Statistics Canada.
                                                                              75
                    Doctoral Degrees Granted


800
                                                        Life Sci.
                                                        Eng. & Computer Sci.
600                                                     Math. & Physical Sci.


400


200


  0
        1994               1997           2000   2003
                                   Year

      Source: Statistics Canada.
                                                                                76
Degrees Granted in the Natural Sciences &
   Engineering as a % of Total Granted
       (% of total)
  60
                                                        Bachelor's
  50

  40                                                    Master's

  30
                                                        Doctoral
  20

  10

   0
   1994                     1997          2000   2003

                                   Year
   Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                     77
Female Enrolment1 in the Natural Sciences
   & Engineering as a % of Total NSE
              Enrolment
       (% of total NSE)
  45
  40
                                                                                                   Bachelor's
  35
  30
                      1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                                                                                                   Master's
  25                  p. Preliminary data.



  20
                                                                                                   Doctoral
  15

  10
   5
   0
  1994-95                     1997-98                                          2000-01   2003-04

                                              Academic Year
   1. Full-Time.
   Source: Statistics Canada.
                                                                                                                78
Degrees Granted to Females in the Natural
 Sciences & Engineering as a % of Total
           Granted in the NSE
       (% of total)
  45
  40
                                                                                             Bachelor's
  35
  30
                      1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.                 Master's
  25                  p. Preliminary data.



  20
                                                                                             Doctoral
  15
  10
   5
   0
   1994                           1997                                         2000   2003

                                                            Year
   Source: Statistics Canada.

                                                                                                          79
 International Student Enrolment1 in the
Natural Sciences & Engineering as a % of
           Total NSE Enrolment
      (% of total NSE)
 40

 35
                                                                                                  Bachelor's
 30

 25                                                                                               Master's
                     1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                     p. Preliminary data.

 20

 15                                                                                               Doctoral
 10

  5

  0
 1994-95                     1997-98                                          2000-01   2003-04

                                             Academic Year
  1. Full-Time.
  Source: Statistics Canada.
                                                                                                               80
                                                                    % of 24 Year-Old Population
                                                       T




                                                                     0
                                                                     2
                                                                     4
                                                                     6
                                                                     8
                                                                    10
                                                                    12
                                                                    14
                                                                    16
                                                                    18
                                                 So F aiw
                                                    ut in an
                                                      h la
                                                              n
                                                     AuKor d
                                                         s t ea
                                                       Fr rali
                                                     Sw a n a
                                                          ed c e
                                                N             en
                                                  ew Ir U.
                                                               K
                                                      Zeela .
                                                          al nd
                                             Sl
                                               ov            a
                                                         Sp nd
                                                 a k Po a
                                                     R rtu in
                                                       ep g
                                                           u b al
                                                        Ja lic
                                                       Po p a
                                                           la n
                                                         Is nd




Source: National Science Foundation, OECD.
                                                      Ic ra
                                                 N C elanel
                                                   et an d
                                                     he a
                                                         rla da
                                                             nd
                                                  Sw N Ita s
                                                     itz orw ly
                                             C      G erl ay
                                               ze erman
                                                 ch          and
                                                     R U y
                                                       ep .
                                                           u S
                                                       Au blic.
                                                     Be s t
                                                              r
                                                     H lgiu ia
                                                                                                           2002 or Most Recent Year




                                                        un m
                                                       M gar
                                                    D ex y
                                                       en ic
                                                          m o
                                                        Tu ar
                                                            rk k
                                                               ey
                                                                                                    Percentage of 24 Year-Old Population,
                                                                                                  Bachelor’s Degrees Awarded in the NSE as a




81
                                                                      % of 30-34 Year-Old Population
                                                      Sw
                                                           e




                                                                      0.00
                                                                             0.05
                                                                                    0.10
                                                                                           0.15
                                                                                                  0.20
                                                                                                         0.25
                                                                                                                0.30
                                                   Sw Fi den
                                                      itz nla
                                                          er n d
                                                            la
                                                               n
                                                            U d
                                                        R .
                                                      G us K.
                                                        er si
                                                           m a
                                                        Au a n y
                                                        Fr stri
                                                      Au a n a
                                                          st ce
                                                        Ire ralia
                                              C       Be lan
                                                ze        lg d
                                                   ch        iu
                                                      R r Is m
                                              Sl        ep ae
                                                ov         ub l




 Source: National Science Foundation, OECD.
                                                   ak          li
                                                      R U c
                                                  N e .S
                                                 N eth pub .
                                                   ew er li
                                                                  c
                                                       Ze land
                                                           al s
                                                             a
                                                          Sp nd
                                                  So C a
                                                     ut an in
                                                       h ad
                                                          Ko a
                                                              re
                                                      D Jap a
                                                        en a
                                                           m n
                                                              ar
                                                      H Ita k
                                                                                                                               2002 or Most Recent Year




                                                         un ly
                                                       N gar
                                                          or y
                                                         Tu way
                                                        M rke
                                                           ex y
                                                              ic
                                                                  o
                                                                                                                        Percentage of 30-34 Year-Old Population,
                                                                                                                       Doctoral Degrees Awarded in the NSE as a




82
                                  Full-time Faculty


    (thousands)
6
                                                           Agr. & Biological Sci.
5                                                          Eng. & Applied Sci.
                                                           Math. & Physical Sci.
4

3

2

1

0
    1994-95            1997-98         2000-01   2003-04
                          Academic Year

     Source: Statistics Canada.
                                                                                    83
GERD as a % of GDP for Selected OECD
           Countries 2006
5 (% of GDP)

4

3

2

1

0




                                                                    ¹
                                   y




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                                                             A
    Source: OECD-STIID Database.
    1. Data for 2004.
    2. Data for 2005.                                                                   84
GERD as a % of GDP for Selected OECD
             Countries
      (% of GDP)
3.5
                                                                                                         Japan
3.0                                                                                                      USA
                                                                                                         Germany
2.5                                                                                                      France
                    1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                    p. Preliminary data.                                                                 UK
2.0
                                                                                                         Canada
1.5                                                                                                      Italy

1.0

0.5
  1997   1998      1999          2000             2001             2002      2003   2004   2005   2006

                                                          Year

 Source: OECD-STIID Database.
                                                                                                                   85
GERD Per Capita Population for Top 20
       OECD Countries 2006
                                                                                           1. Sweden
                                                                                2. Luxembourg
                                                                                3. United States
                                                                              4. Finland
                                                                           5. Japan
                                                                     6. Switzerland¹
                                                                    7. Iceland²
                                                            8. Austria
                                                           9. Denmark
                                                        10. Germany
                                                       11. Norway
                                                   12. Korea
                                                 13. Canada
                                             14. France
                                          15. Belgium
                                          16. Netherlands
                                        17. United Kingdom
                                       18. Australia¹
                                    19. Ireland
                        20. Spain
   0         200       400       600        800       1,000                   1,200         1,400
                    GERD Per Capita Population (Current PPP $)
 Source: OECD-STIID Database.
 1. Data for 2004.
 2. Data for 2005.                                                                                     86
Industrial R&D Expenditures as a % of GDP
    for Selected OECD Countries 2006
 4.0 (% of GDP)
 3.5
 3.0
 2.5
 2.0
 1.5
 1.0
 0.5
 0.0




                                                                                      y
                                                                       ¹
                                      y




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       Source: OECD-STIID Database.                             A
       1. Data for 2005.
                                                                                           87
Higher Education R&D Expenditures as a %
 of GDP for Selected OECD Countries 2006
1.0   (% of GDP)


0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.0
                           ¹




                                                           y




                                                                                  ²
                                         ay




                                                                         SA
                a




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                                                  n
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      Source: OECD-STIID Database.
      1. Data for 2004.
      2. Data for 2005.                                                               88
Percentage of GERD Performed by Higher
  Education Sector for Selected OECD
            Countries 2006
40 (% of GERD)
35
30
25
20
15
10
 5
 0
                                   ¹




                                                                    y
               ²


                       ay




                                                                         SA
     a




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             ly




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     Source: OECD-STIID Database.
     1. Data for 2004.
     2. Data for 2005.                                                                89
  Percentage of Higher Education R&D
 Financed by Industry for Selected OECD
             Countries 2006
16   (% of HERD)

14

12

10

 8

 6

 4

 2

 0
     Germany² Canada     Finland    Australia¹ Sweden²   USA   UK   Japan   France²


     Source: OECD-STIID Database.
     1. Data for 2004.
     2. Data for 2005.                                                                90
Government R&D Funding as a % of GDP
  for Selected OECD Countries 2006
      (% of GDP)
1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.0
                                        ¹



                                                 y²



                                                            ²
          ²




                                                                    a
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                                                                                 n
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                                            G




      Source: OECD-STIID Database.
      1. Data for 2004.
      2. Data for 2005.                                                              91
Government R&D Funding as a % of GDP
     for Selected OECD Countries
       (% of GDP)
 1.5
                                                                                                          France
                                                                                                          USA
 1.0                                                                                                      Germany
                     1. Includes all Research Grants and Subatomic Physics.
                     p. Preliminary data.

                                                                                                          UK
                                                                                                          Canada
 0.5
                                                                                                          Japan


 0.0
   1997   1998      1999         2000            2001             2002        2003   2004   2005   2006

                                                         Year
 Source: OECD-STIID Database.

                                                                                                                    92
   Researchers Per Thousand Total
Employment for Selected OECD Countries
                 2005
     (Researchers per '000 Employment)
14

12

10

 8

 6

 4

 2

 0




                                                                                      y
                                                ¹




                                                                           y
                                  ay




                                                                 a¹
                        SA




                                                        ce
                 n
      en




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                                                                      G
                                         A




     Source: OECD-STIID Database.
     1. Data for 2004.


                                                                                           93
  R&D Personnel Per Thousand Total
Employment for Selected OECD Countries
                 2005
      (R&D Personnel per '000 Employment)
20
18
16
14
12
10
 8
 6
 4
 2
 0




                                                                                                y
                                                                                    ¹
                                                           y
                                             ay




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                                 ce
                       n
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                                                                             A
      Source: OECD-STIID Database. R&D personnel includes researchers, technicians and support staff.
      1. Data for 2004.

                                                                                                        94