Awards for Excellence in Technology Transfer by opt11785

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									     2008 FLC Awards
Awards for Excellence in Technology Transfer
     Helical Fiber Amplifier                      Department of Defense – U.S. Navy
                                                  Naval Research Laboratory
                                                                                                 Department of Energy
                                                                                                 Sandia National Laboratories



                                       Physicists affiliated with the Naval Research Lab-     of the innovative technology in their laser-based
                                       oratory (NRL) and Sandia National Laboratories         product lines. Over time, the technology transfer
                                       (Sandia) have developed and commercialized a           involved a changing list of collaborative partners
                                       patented laser component that revolutionizes the       and agreements as the inventors moved on to
                                       potential applications of fiber lasers. The NRL/       other research institutions. Despite the complex-
                                       Sandia team discovered that coiling laser fibers       ities involved, the outcome has been impressive,
                                       in precise dimensions will filter out undesirable      with new products already on the market and vast
                                       light modes, thereby making high-power fiber la-       potential markets awaiting the new award-win-
                                       sers possible. Their inventive solution resolved       ning technology.
                                       the power limitations of fiber lasers that had
                                       stymied the industry since these lasers were first     The collaboration between Department of De-
                                       developed in 1963, while preserving high beam-         fense and Department of Energy researchers to
                                       quality output. The groundbreaking discovery           develop the NRL and Sandia-patented technol-
                                       now allows production of high-power fiber lasers       ogy will significantly affect industries like tele-
                                       that are more cost-effective, rugged, and compact      communications, materials processing, and re-
       Dr. Jeffrey Koplow (left) and   than other types of lasers.                            mote sensing by enabling lasers with higher power
             Dr. Dahv Kliner.                                                                 capability, superior performance features, lower
      Not pictured: Dr. Lew Goldberg   Following patent approval in 2002, the team ini-       maintenance costs, and smaller size. Applica-
                                       tiated transfer of its helical fiber amplifier (also   tions range across the private and public sectors
                                       called a mode-filtering fiber amplifier) to sev-       from real-time contaminant sensing and preci-
                                       eral commercial laser manufacturers: Nufern of         sion circuitry manufacture to secure high-band-
                                       East Granby, Connecticut; LIEKKI Corporation           width communications. Helical fiber amplifiers
                                       of Lohja, Finland; and IMRA America, Inc., of          are already changing the worldwide fiber laser in-
                                       Ann Arbor, Michigan. By 2006, all three com-           dustry, shaping multibillion dollar market shares
                                       panies had received patent licenses allowing use       and creating new-product possibilities.


                                                                                       Contact
                                                                                  Dr. Jeffrey Koplow
                                                                                    925-294-2458
                                                                                jkoplow@sandia.gov




16
Antibody Profiling Identification                                                                Department of Energy
                                                                                                 Idaho National Laboratory




                                                                    bodies (ISAs), and they perform      itself is not. At a fraction of the cost of a DNA
                                                                    a “housekeeping” role in the body    test, an assay can be prepared in about two hours
                                                                    by removing dead and diseased        by someone with a high school education and the
                                                                    cells. Because they are directed     most basic lab equipment. This makes AbP IDTM
                                                                    against an individual’s own tis-     perfect for preliminary screening of forensic
                                                                    sues, ISAs are unique to each        samples, ensuring that only the most likely can-
                                                                    person—and are as individual as      didates undergo more expensive, time-consum-
                                                                    a fingerprint. These individual-     ing DNA testing.
                                                                    specific autoantibodies are pres-
                                                                    ent throughout life, and their       DNA testing costs from $200 to $1,200 or
                                                                    production isn’t changed by ill-     more per assay and, because it requires special-
                                                                       ness, medication, or food or      ized equipment and highly trained personnel,
 Left to right: Debby Bruhn, Gregory Lancaster, Elizabeth Taylor,      drug intake. Humans are born      is only performed at large forensic labs or pri-
 Dr. William Apel, Gordon Lassahn, Lawrence Cook, Dr. Vicki            with a full complement of         vate DNA testing labs. DNA testing also takes a
 Thompson, Heather Silverman, Karen Delezene-Briggs, Joni             ISAs; however, newborns have       minimum of 48 hours to complete, but can take
 Barnes. Not pictured: Dr. John Snyder.                               the same ISA pattern as their      weeks, depending on the type of test, and some-
                                                    mothers. Humans develop their own unique ISA         times months, depending on the backlog of cases
In the popular TV series CSI: Crime Scene In- pattern by the age of two, and after this age, even        at the lab. At a projected price that is much lower
vestigation, the investigators receive DNA test though body chemistry changes, the ISA profile           than the least expensive DNA test, AbP IDTM
results in minutes and by the end of a one-hour does not.                                                brings high-level forensic screening capability to
show, arrest their suspect. Real-life forensics                                                          law enforcement agencies of all sizes, regardless
testing takes longer—sometimes months longer. Developed by researchers at Idaho National Lab-            of geographic location or financial limitations.
If the crime being investigated is perpetrated by a oratory (INL), AbP IDTM is a powerful new fo-
serial criminal, this means not only wasted time, rensic tool that uses a special class of antibodies
but additional victims. Today, a new technology found in all body fluids, including blood, saliva,
can quickly screen forensic samples and reduce urine, perspiration, tears and semen. Coupled                                Contact
the number of samples requiring more extensive with Image IDTM, INL’s proprietary digital imag-                         Dr. John Snyder
DNA testing—Antibody Profiling Identification ing software, this technology provides a low-cost,                         208-526-9812
(AbP IDTM).                                         easy-to-use, accurate, and fast method to identify                John.Snyder@inl.gov
                                                    suspects through forensic evidence and build a
First identified in 1988, these particular anti- searchable database. Although the chemistry be-
bodies are called Individual Specific Autoanti- hind AbP IDTM is complicated, the test procedure

                                                                                                                                                           17
 Dielectric Wall Accelerator
 for Proton Therapy
                                                                               Department of Energy
                                                                               Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


 More than half of the roughly one million people     Davis Health System, achieved compo-
 diagnosed with cancer each year will be treated      nent feasibility for a compact proton
 using radiotherapy. Conventional radiotherapy        accelerator that uses the DWA. Efforts
 kills cancer cells using X-rays that deliver high    to commercialize the technology failed,
 energies to the tissues they travel through, from    however, because the project lacked
 the point they enter the body until they leave it.   a working prototype. In early 2006,
 A more advanced form of radiation therapy uses       both parties took the unusual step of
 proton beams that deposit almost all of their en-    investing $1.5 million each toward
 ergy on the target, enabling doctors to hit tumors   development of a prototype. Because
 with more effective radiation doses than is pos-     of the DWA, LLNL created a strategic
 sible with conventional radiation.                   technology maturation fund for tech-
                                                      nologies that provide a demonstrable
 Despite its usefulness, proton therapy remains       spin back to a LLNL program or that
 available at only 25 cancer centers worldwide        can make significant contributions to
 due to the substantial size and cost of imple-       an important national problem—in
 menting the technology. The Dielectric Wall          this case, cancer therapy.
 Accelerator (DWA)—the technology behind a
 proton therapy system that is expected to fit in     The team then looked for a commercial Left to right: Dr. George Caporaso, Dr. Yu-Jiuan Chen,
 standard radiation oncology clinics and cost sig-    partner that could integrate the DWA Genaro Mempin, Dr. Steve Sampayan, James Tak, Dr.
 nificantly less than conventional proton therapy     into a proton therapy system. Tomo- Dennis Matthews, Tod Stoltz and Dr. Roger Werne
 systems—intends to overcome these hurdles and        Therapy, Inc. was one of the companies
 make proton therapy more widely available. An        that expressed interest. It officially sub-
 offshoot of defense-related research at Lawrence     mitted a commercialization plan in June 2006,
 Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), the            and by February 2007 a license and a Coopera-
 DWA accelerates protons to the required ener-        tive Research and Development Agreement were
 gies for cancer treatment without using bending      executed. The successful transfer of the DWA
 magnets or other techniques that take up space       technology is serving as a model for future en-
 and generate unwanted radiation.                     deavors. LLNL and UC Davis are now collabo-                        Contact
                                                      rating on more than a dozen projects that prom-                 Genaro Mempin
 In 2005, the DWA research team, jointly funded       ise breakthroughs in the detection, treatment,                   925-423-1121
 by LLNL and the University of California (UC)        and prevention of cancer.                                     mempin1@llnl.gov


18
Fission MeterTM
                                                                                                    Department of Energy
                                                                                                    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory




                                                            The ORTEC Fission Meter™ is the               for handheld portable background radiation and
                                                            first portable neutron detector that can      neutron source characterization for first-responder
                                                            distinguish between a fissile and a non-      search applications.
                                                            fissile neutron source in real time. This
                                                            detector provides “proof positive” iden-      The Fission MeterTM is being marketed commer-
                                                            tification of fissile neutron sources such    cially for the federal government, first responders,
                                                            as uranium-233, uranium-235, and              state and local entities, and foreign governments.
                                                            plutonium-239, and is a valuable com-         As one of the world’s leaders in manufacturing
                                                            panion to the ORTEC Detective family          radiation detectors and portal monitors, ORTEC
                                                            of portable radiation identifiers.            has worked with U.S. government agencies, na-
                                                                                                          tional laboratories, foreign government entities,
                                                             The advanced technology consists of          and private industries, and is a current LLNL li-
                                                             a low-cost digital data acquisition unit     censee for other homeland security technologies.
                                                             that collects data at a high rate and in
Front row, from left: Dr. Daniel Dietrich, Catherine         real time processes large volumes of
Elizondo, Dr. Manoj Prasad, Dr. Tim Twomey and Dr.          data directly into information that a first
Daniel Upp                                                  responder can use to differentiate fissile
Back row, from left: Dr. Mark Rowland, Ray Pierce,          from non-fissile materials.
Dr. Neal Snyderman, Pedro Castro
Not pictured: Dr. Ray Alvarez, Doug Howard,                 Entering into a partnership to transfer
                                                                                                                              Contact
Dr. Phillip Kerr                                            this technology was AMETEK, a lead-
                                                                                                                        Catherine Elizondo
                                                            ing global manufacturer of electronic
                                                                                                                           925-422-0801
International terrorist activity during the last   instruments and electromechanical devices.                           elizondo1@llnl.gov
several years has created a worldwide demand for   AMETEK’s Advanced Measurement Technology
detectors that can identify fission material—an    ORTEC Division was granted nonexclusive rights
essential ingredient in nuclear explosives. To     to commercialize the Fission MeterTM technology
meet this demand, Lawrence Livermore National      in August 2005. The nonexclusive license grants
Laboratory (LLNL) developed an advanced neu-       the use of three patents (pending) and a copyright.
tron source identification system for the inter-   The Fission Meter’sTM field-of-use limitation re-
diction of fissionable material.                   quires that the technology be developed specifically



                                                                                                                                                             19
 Attila
                                                                                   Department of Energy
                                                                                   Los Alamos National Laboratory



 Greg Failla, Chief Executive Officer of Tran-           Small Business
 spire, Inc., has plenty of reasons to be proud of       Innovation Re-
 what the company has accomplished in the past           search grants,
 six years. In 2002, Radion Technologies (later          including two
 reincorporated as Transpire, Inc.) was founded          from the Na-
 by Failla and two former Los Alamos National            tional Cancer
 Laboratory (LANL) scientists, Drs. John Mc-             Institute for
 Ghee and Todd Wareing. Drs. McGhee and Wa-              medical imag-
 reing launched the startup company while on an          ing and radio-
 entrepreneurial leave of absence from LANL,             therapy, which
 where they worked as scientists. They were joined       total almost
 soon after by Dr. Allen Barnett, who previously         $2 million.
 worked as a shielding engineer in the U.S. Navy’s
 Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program.                       In 2007, Tran-
                                                                            Left to right: Gregory Failla, Dr. Allen Barnett, John Davies, Dr. John McGhee,
                                                         spire generated
                                                                            Dr. Todd Wareing
 Through a licensing agreement with LANL, the            close to $1 mil-
 company built on core technology that originat-         lion in revenue from software and training alone, a scenario analysis tool to detect radiological
 ed at the laboratory to develop a complete radia-       and anticipates exceeding this in 2008. Because threats at U.S. ports of entry. The software has
 tion transport software product, Attila, that can       of these revenues and the large number of grants, been licensed by leading healthcare companies
 predict how radiation behaves in a broad range of       Transpire will be able to broaden the software for involved in both radiotherapy and medical imag-
 applications faster and more accurately than just       additional markets. The software has recently ing. Additionally, Transpire has active collabora-
 about anything else.                                    been added to the short list of validated codes tions with the University of Texas M.D. Ander-
                                                         for International Thermonuclear Experimental son Cancer Center for radiotherapy and Baylor
 Since the first official release of Attila in January   Reactor (ITER) neutronics analyses. ITER is a College of Medicine for medical imaging.
 2004, interest has grown rapidly. Attila is now         joint international research and development
 being used in over seven countries for applica-         project that aims to demonstrate the scientific
 tions as diverse as radiation shielding, radiother-     and technical feasibility of fusion power and                             Contact
 apy, medical imaging, fusion research, homeland         involves partners from all over the world. The                       Dr. John McGhee
 security, spacecraft design and reactor analysis.       company also has a multi-year project with Pa-                         253-857-1056
 In addition, the company has received numerous          cific Northwest National Laboratory to develop                   john@transpireinc.com




20
High-Definition Laser Scanners
for Surveying                                                    Department of Energy
                                                                 Los Alamos National Laboratory




                                 When Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)            tation used in the national security programs at
                                 scientist Dr. James Lunsford received a patent for    LANL.
                                 his Offset Stabilizer for Comparator Output, he
                                 never imagined it would become a crucial compo-       In 1997, Cyra Technology licensed Dr. Lun-
                                 nent in a line of high-definition surveying (HDS)     sford’s technology for integration with its Cyrax
                                 laser scanners produced by Leica Geosystems, a        3-D imaging system to produce more accurate
                                 world-class manufacturer of precision measuring       as-built drawings of existing structures (plants,
                                 instrumentation.                                      buildings, etc.). Acquired by Leica Geosystems
                                                                                       in 2001, Cyra was renamed Leica Geosystems
                                 Dr. Lunsford developed his technology to satisfy      HDS in 2004.
                                 the need for more precise time-interval measure-
                                 ment increases “as we probe ultrafast processes in    In 2003, Leica introduced the HDS3000 laser
                                 the physical and biological worlds.” It contributes   scanner, an improved version of the Cyrax 3-D
                                 the ability to maintain the high accuracy of 6        system, with increased speed and accuracy, to the
                                 millimeters at a distance of 50 meters (1.5 mm        market. In 2006 and 2007, Leica introduced
                                 for extracted targets) during a survey, reducing or   ScanStation and ScanStation 2. ScanStation 2
LANL Hi-Def Laser Scanner Team   eliminating the need for costly return visits to a    is on the order of 1000 percent faster in many
                                 site. It also contributes to more accurate, com-      situations. While the laser in the HDS3000
                                 plete as-builts for retrofit design projects, which   and ScanStation was limited to 4000 points per
                                 translates into better, more cost-effective retro-    second at peak, ScanStation 2 runs at 50,000
                                 fit designs. This sub-microsecond interval tim-       points per second at peak, with its speed and ac-
                                 ing ensures that each interval is absolutely equal    curacy directly attributable to the LANL patent-
                                 to other intervals. Such accurate measurements        ed technology.
                  Contact        from period to period are required in instrumen-
            Dr. James Lunsford
               505-865-4579




                                                                                                                                       21
 Second-Generation High Temperature
 Superconducting Wire
                                                                                                           Department of Energy
                                                                                                           Los Alamos National Laboratory




 Second-generation (2G) high temperature su-           2G conductors. That CRADA remains an ongo-
 perconducting (HTS) wire is a revolution in the       ing collaboration, which has had multiple modi-
 electric power industry. Using a patented deposi-     fications, and is now focused on lowering the
 tion method developed at Los Alamos National          cost of 2G HTS wire and simplifying the wire
 Laboratory (LANL) in collaboration with in-           architecture.
 dustry partner SuperPower Inc., the 2G HTS
 wire can carry 200 times more current than tra-       As one of only a handful of companies work-
 ditional copper wires. Compared to other HTS          ing on 2G HTS wire development, SuperPower,
 wire, the LANL 2G HTS wire is faster to pro-          based in Schenectady, New York, is targeting the
 duce, inexpensive, and can be manufactured in         $18-billion electric power industry. The com-
 kilometer lengths.                                    pany began manufacturing the wire in 2006.           Left to right: Dr. Quanxi Jia, Dr. Paul Arendt,
                                                       Using first-generation HTS wire, SuperPower          and Dr. Steve Foltyn
 SuperPower Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of         has already implemented its first commercial         Not pictured: Dr. Venkat Selvamanickam, Dr.
 Intermagnetics General Corporation, develops          in-grid demonstration of the technology in Al-       Xuming Xiong, Dr. Yimin Chen
 state-of-the-art 2G HTS wire and electric power       bany County, New York, connecting two power
 components such as underground transmission           substations by running a 350-meter super-
 and distribution cables, transformers and fault       conducting wire. Additionally, SuperPower has
 current limiters, all used to transmit electricity.   manufactured enough 2G HTS wire to replace
 LANL and SuperPower began collaborating in            a 30-meter section of the 350 meters in Albany
 2000 when the first Cooperative Research and          County that was slated to be energized by the end
 Development Agreement (CRADA), originally             of 2007. Through the CRADA and new license
 with Intermagnetics, was executed for the devel-      agreements, the LANL continues to work with
 opment of an earlier version of the coated con-       SuperPower on improvements to transfer the
 ductor technology. With the formation of Su-          latest research that will enable the broader com-                       Contact
 perPower, Intermagnetics made a commitment            mercial viability of the material.                                  Dr. Paul Arendt
 to invest significant resources in the scale-up of                                                                         505-665-8358
                                                                                                                           arendt@lanl.gov




22
Coal Chemistry Module                                                         Department of Energy
                                                                              National Energy Technology Laboratory




                                             Researchers at the National Energy Technol-           developments have had a positive impact on not
                                             ogy Laboratory (NETL) developed the Coal              only the primary target, the fossil fuel industry,
                                             Chemistry Module (CCM) software as a means            but also coal conversion R&D at universities and
                                             to incorporate coal chemical reactions into phys-     national labs.
                                             ics-based models of multiphase reactors to solve
                                             scale-up problems for advanced power plants us-       Researchers at NETL and design engineers at
                                             ing coal gasification, such as integrated gasifica-   Southern Company and Kellogg Brown & Root
                                             tion combined cycle (IGCC) plants. Advanced           (KBR) are using the CCM as part of an over-
                                             power plant technologies combine the technology       all MFIX simulation of the transport gasifier
                                             of multiphase reactors with high-temperature          at the Power Systems Development Facility in
                                             chemical reactions for processing fossil fuels.       Wilsonville, Alabama. The transport gasifier is
                                                                                                   a promising process for use in high-efficiency,
Dr. Chris Guenther and Dr. Madhava Syamlal   With industry partners, NETL is leading the way       low-emission IGCC systems. The simulations
                                             to a new generation of simulation software ca-        convincingly showed gasifier developers that the
                                             pable of integrated solutions to this technology      model does not merely reproduce what is already
                                             challenge. The effort has resulted in the develop-    known, but provides insight into unobserved
                                             ment of CCM, which has been incorporated in the       phenomena, which they could later verify ex-
                                             NETL open-source multiphase flow code MFIX            perimentally. Also, CCM was used with MFIX
                                             (Multiphase Flow with Interphase eXchanges).          to predict the expected gasifier behavior almost
                                             Code MFIX was the winner of a 2007 R&D 100            a year before certain design modifications were
                                             Award and has been used in collaborative proj-        completed. KBR design engineers are using
                                             ects with end users. Technology transfer of CCM       similar simulations to help with the design of a
                                             is being done under a Cooperative Research and        commercial-scale Clean Coal Power Initiative
                                             Development Agreement (CRADA) with FLU-               (CCPI) transport gasifier at Orlando, Florida.
                 Contact                     ENT, a well-known fluid dynamics code. These
            Dr. Chris Guenther
               304-285-4483
       chris.guenther@netl.doe.gov




                                                                                                                                                    23
 High-Temperature Sorbent to Control                                                                 Department of Energy
 Mercury in Gasification Processes                                                                   National Energy Technology Laboratory



 In this project, researchers at the National En-      conventional steam generating
 ergy Technology Laboratory (NETL) developed           systems as well as advanced power
 a novel technology to remove mercury in gasifi-       systems such as integrated gasifi-
 cation-based electric power generation systems,       cation combined cycle (IGCC)
 and transferred the technology to Johnson Mat-        systems.
 they Corporation (JM) for commercialization.
 The technology was developed by in-house re-          Gasification is an important
 search at NETL. The technology transfer activ-        strategy for increasing the uti-
 ities included licensing a patent on a technique      lization of abundant domestic
 to remove the pollutant mercury in gasification-      coal reserves and is a key to the
 based power generators and a Cooperative Re-          improved power generation ther-
 search and Development Agreement (CRADA)              mal efficiency of IGCC. The De-
 between NETL and JM. JM not only wished to            partment of Energy envisions in-
 pursue this mercury removal technology, but also      creased use of gasification in the
 realized the future importance of coal gasifica-      U.S. during the next several de-
 tion as a means to produce power, hydrogen, and       cades, particularly for its adapt- Henry Pennline and Dr. Evan Granite
 chemicals. NETL’s idea for mercury removal was        ability to remove carbon dioxide, a greenhouse
 licensed to JM under the CRADA. The poten-            gas. As such, the gasification-based technology
 tial market for the technology is significant. Ad-    strives to approach a near-zero emissions goal
 ditionally, when the technology is implemented,       with respect to pollutants. Mercury is a pollutant
 the American public will benefit because low-         that must be addressed by gas cleaning and con-                     Contact
 cost electric rates would continue and ambient        ditioning. With the EPA’s March 2005 Clean                      Dr. Evan Granite
 air would be free of mercury.                         Air mercury rule and many states promulgating                    412-386-4607
                                                                                                                  evan.granite@netl.doe.gov
                                                       their own regulations, the need exists for a low-
 Over 50% of U.S. electric power comes from            cost mercury removal technique that can be ap-
 coal. A major concern for power generation sys-       plied to gasification-based processes (e.g., IGCC)
 tems that use coal as an energy source is air emis-   and conventional coal-burning plants. Thermal
 sions from the plant. Although certain gaseous        efficiency considerations and completeness of
 emissions are currently regulated, the emergence      removal are two concerns that are alleviated
 of new regulations governing mercury by the En-       when elevated temperature removals of mercury
 vironmental Protection Agency (EPA) will have         are conducted in a gasification system.
 a direct impact on coal-using facilities, both

24
High-Performance Lanthanum Manganese Oxide-Enabled,
High-Temperature Superconducting Tape       Department of Energy
                                            Oak Ridge National Laboratory


                                                               The SuperPower/ORNL High-Per-           ment from previous technology, is the develop-
                                                               formance Lanthanum Manganese            ment and use of an epitaxial LaMnO3 (LMO)
                                                               Oxide-Enabled, High-Temperature         buffer layer, which can be deposited at high rates
                                                               Superconducting Tape (LMOe-             homogenously in long lengths. The use of this
                                                               HTS) is a robust, high-current sec-     buffer enables fabrication of the complete sub-
                                                               ond-generation superconducting          strate for growth of superconductors at very high
                                                               wire. The technology was developed      throughput rates. The buffer layer also enables
                                                               by means of a Cooperative Research      formation of very high performance supercon-
                                                               and Development Agreement be-           ducting films.
                                                               tween Oak Ridge National Labora-
                                                               tory (ORNL) and SuperPower, Inc.,       SuperPower licensed this technology from ORNL
                                                               of Schenectady, New York.               (via UT-Battelle, LLC, the management and
                                                                                                       operations contractor for ORNL, under con-
                                                               The Department of Energy (DOE)          tract to DOE) under an exclusive, field-of-use
                                                               has funded three different Su-          license agreement, for the purpose of incorporat-
                                                               perconductivity Partnerships for        ing LMO into its superconducting wires, tapes,
Dr. Venkat Selvamanickam, Dr. Amit Goyal, Dr. M. Parans        Industry (SPI) projects to demon-       and cables to improve performance. Sumitomo
Paranthaman, Dr. Xuming Xiong, and Dr. Tolga Aytug            strate the use of HTS power cables       Electric Industries of Osaka, Japan, in partner-
                                               for electric transmission and distribution.             ship with SuperPower, has used LMOe-HTS wire
                                                                                                       to construct a 30-meter cable that was slated to
                                                 The LMOe-HTS has the unique combination               be installed in the national grid in Albany, New
                                                 of strength, flexibility, throughput, and low cost    York, in 2007. It is the world’s first second-gen-
                                                 needed for power-grid applications, including         eration HTS device. Two other demonstration
                 Contact
        Dr. M. Parans Paranthaman
                                                 coils and motors. It can be fabricated at high        projects are planned in Long Island, New York,
               865-574-5045                      throughput rates using reel-to-reel processes.        and Columbus, Ohio. The LMOe-HTS won an
         paranthamanm@ornl.gov                   The key to its success, as well as the key improve-   R&D 100 Award in 2007.




                                                                                                                                                        25
 Energy Expert                                                                                              Department of Energy
                                                                                                            Pacific Northwest National Laboratory




 From left: Robert Pratt, Bob Silva, Michael Brambley, Patrick O.Neill, David Chassin, Paul Bursch, Teresa Carlon, Sarah Benjamin, David Hunt,
 Srinivas Katipamula, Shirley Schultz, Krishnan Gowri


 Energy Expert is the commercial name given to        NorthWrite, Inc. realized the commercial poten-        In the past, building operations managers could
 the newly adapted version of Pacific Northwest       tial of the software, but needed it reconfigured       only track a building’s energy consumption
 National Laboratory’s (PNNL) Whole Building          to operate as a Web-based technology. North-           through monthly utility bills. With the WBE
 Energy Diagnostician (WBE). The technology           Write approached PNNL to help them make the            in Energy Expert, they can identify unexpected
 was originally designed as a stand-alone soft-       adjustments. Using funds from the Federal En-          changes in energy usage on a consistent basis
 ware tool for monitoring a building’s energy use.    ergy Management Program, a team from PNNL              and at a moment’s notice. This ability to con-
 More specifically, the WBE is a software tool that   and NorthWrite enhanced the tool to increase           tinuously monitor energy usage means expensive
 monitors energy use in whole or major building       its flexibility and usability by converting it to a    fluctuations in energy performance can be ad-
 systems.                                             Web-based application. These enhancements              dressed sooner, resulting in greater energy effi-
                                                      eliminated the need for costly equipment and           ciency and lower energy costs.
 The technology uses trend data to automatically      additional software, making the tool less expen-
 detect and provide alerts for anomalies in energy    sive and easier to maintain.
 consumption, as well as supporting information
 on causes. The technology automatically creates      The WBE is the computation engine behind
 a model of energy use as data are accumulated.       NorthWrite’s user interface in the software tool                         Contact
 The model is then used to predict future energy      called the Energy Expert. Energy Expert is now                      Michael Brambley
 use and alerts building operations staff to vari-    the centerpiece in NorthWrite’s energy business                      509-375-6875
 ances between actual measured consumption and        development efforts. It is offered as part of a                 michael.brambley@pnl.gov
 the expected measurements.                           suite of diagnostic tools called WorkSite™.



26
Reflector Compact Fluorescent
                                                                                             Department of Energy
Lamps Market Transformation Project                                                          Pacific Northwest National Laboratory




From left: Jeff McCullough, Kathi Ruiz, Linda Sandahl, Marc Ledbetter, Terri Gilbride, Terry Shoemaker



Recessed downlights are among today’s most           just one-third of the energy. In non-airtight cans,   that also meet other minimum performance cri-
popular lighting fixtures, with an estimated 350     screw-in CFLs can replace incandescent lamps          teria, including minimum light output and size
million installed in U.S. homes. The vast major-     for immediate energy savings. However, until re-      restrictions (to ensure they fit in standard resi-
ity of these fixtures are fitted with incandescent   cently, few R-CFLs were available in consumer         dential recessed cans).
reflector lamps (R-lamps), which typically draw      markets. Further, when higher wattage R-CFLs
65 to 100 watts of power per lamp. Of the esti-      are used in an insulated ceiling-rated airtight       Commercial buildings, such as restaurants, ho-
mated 120 to 140 million R-lamps sold in the         (ICAT) recessed can, an additional challenge          tels, and multifamily housing facilities, are also
U.S. each year, roughly half are for residential     arises: heat generated by the lamp and ballast can    sometimes equipped with recessed can fixtures.
use. Why are they so popular? Recessed “cans” are    be trapped inside the fixture, and excessive heat     Apartment buildings and hotels, for example,
relatively inexpensive compared to other types of    can cause lower light output as well as shorter       often use recessed cans in common areas, many
installed lighting fixtures for the home, and they   lamp and fixture life spans.                          of which remain lit for extended hours. Energy
provide an unobtrusive, directed source of light                                                           use in these applications is reduced significantly
for kitchens, hallways, and living rooms.            To address the heat challenge, Pacific Northwest      by using R-CFLs instead of incandescent reflec-
                                                     National Laboratory’s (PNNL) Technology Pro-          tors.
Many incandescent R-lamps can be replaced with       curement Program implemented a market trans-
reflector compact fluorescent lamps (R-CFLs),        formation project to develop R-CFLs specifically                          Contact
which provide similar light output while using       designed for use in ICAT recessed can fixtures                         Linda Sandahl
                                                                                                                            503-417-7554
                                                                                                                       linda.sandahl@pnl.gov


                                                                                                                                                            27
 Titanium Metal Injection Molding                                                                             Department of Energy
                                                                                                              Pacific Northwest National Laboratory




 From left: Dr. Scott Weil, Dr. Eric Lund, Eric Nyberg, Kevin Simmons

 Titanium has the strength of steel but is 43%          process with more than $100,000 of internal           binder that evaporates out of the part quickly
 lighter, is twice as strong as aluminum, and is        funds invested, brought its titanium metal in-        and completely without bloating, distorting, or
 more corrosion-resistant than stainless steel.         jection molding (Ti MIM) process. The Ti MIM          leaving behind residual impurities. The binder
 This super-metal is able to withstand attack by        process—a quantum leap forward in titanium            makes it possible to produce high-quality tita-
 acids, salts, chlorine, and sea water, and is highly   metallurgy—overcomes barriers of impurity in-         nium parts by powder injection molding, which
 resistant to metal fatigue. It is the only metal       trusion to enable the cost-effective production       offers lower cost, higher precision, and faster
 known to display osseointegration, the ability to      of titanium parts that is finally on par with steel   output than previous titanium parts production
 form a direct structural and functional connec-        and stainless steel manufacturing.                    methods and can benefit the medical, aviation,
 tion with living bone.                                                                                       transportation, and chemical processing indus-
                                                        The Ti MIM technology allows small, precision,        tries currently using titanium components. Ap-
 Praxair and Pacific Northwest National Labora-         detailed components to be produced more cost ef-      plied in a manufacturing process, Ti MIM cuts
 tory (PNNL) joined forces in 2006, each bring-         fectively than machining. Machining takes more        raw materials requirements and manufacturing
 ing a missing piece to the titanium manufacturing      time to produce a single part and in the process      time significantly, providing U.S. industries and
 puzzle. Praxair, a global Fortune 300 supplier of      wastes expensive materials, both of which drive       individuals with all of the benefits of titanium at
 atmospheric, process, and specialty gases, in-         up cost. Ti MIM technology allows many parts to       a fraction of current costs.
 terested in opening new markets for its gases,         be molded at once with very little waste, result-
 brought its knowledge of industry, contacts in         ing in significant costs savings. Additionally, the                       Contact
 the manufacturing world, and financial support         process allows shapes and angles to be molded                           Eric Nyberg
 to the licensing agreement. PNNL, committed            into parts that would be difficult or impossible                       509-372-2510
                                                                                                                           eric.nyberg@pnl.gov
 to developing a new titanium manufacturing             to machine. The technology relies on a unique
28
ElectroNeedleTM Biomedical
Sensor Array
                                                                                                    Department of Energy
                                                                                                    Sandia National Laboratories



                                                                           when waiting for diagnos-       been formed in Albuquerque explicitly to com-
                                                                           tic test results. Finally, it   mercialize ElectroNeedle™. One company has
                                                                           will enable a new dimen-        already licensed the intellectual property (IP)
                                                                           sion in home healthcare,        portfolio that became available during 2006,
                                                                           where patients can be           and negotiations are underway with the second.
                                                                           routinely monitored and         Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) will provide
                                                                           the results transmitted to      ongoing research into the technology and techni-
                                                                           a physician.                    cal guidance to the licensing organizations. The
                                                                                                           licensee(s) are expected to develop the commer-
                                                                           By combining electro-           cial product, pursue FDA approval for the prod-
                                                                           chemical measurement            uct, and provide funding to SNL for continued
                                                                           techniques with well-de-        research and development.
                                                                           fined recognition chem-
                                                                           istries and an easy-to-use      When this technology is fully commercialized, it
                                                                           sensor, it is possible to       will revolutionize healthcare worldwide. Not only
                                                                           detect a range of biologi-      will it help Department of Defense personnel on
From left to right: Dr. Brent Burdick, Dr. Kent Schubert,                  cally important species,        the battlefield and provide faster, more accurate
Dr. Chris Apblett, Kerry Kampschmidt, Dr. Paul Smith,                      including carbohydrates,        healthcare to U.S. citizens and other members of
Dr. Steve Casalnuovo, Dr. Stanley Kravitz, and Craig Wingate.              electrolytes, lipids, en-       the developed world, it will also provide vast im-
Not pictured: Dr. Colin Buckley, Jeb Flemming, Dr. David Ingersoll, and zymes, toxins, proteins,
                                                                                                           provements to healthcare in developing nations.
Carrie Schmidt.                                                            viruses, and bacteria in a
The ElectroNeedle™ Biomedical Sensor Array is patient’s blood or cellular fluid. This technology
a device that, when pressed against the skin, pro- provides a painless and rapid measurement with-
vides rapid, on-demand, multiplexed, point-of- out having to extract fluids for later analysis.                              Contact
care biomedical assays for medical diagnosis in                                                                           Dr. Paul Smith
                                                                                                                           505-845-8007
emergency, battlefield, and remote settings where The significance of ElectroNeedle™ technol-
                                                                                                                       smithpm@sandia.gov
time constraints or distance make it impractical ogy has been recognized by both the commer-
to send the patient’s samples to a conventional cial sector and the medical community. Two
laboratory for analysis. It will also eliminate de- new biotechnology companies—New Mexico
lays experienced by many patients and physicians Biotech, Inc., and Life BioScience, Inc.—have


                                                                                                                                                            29
 Secure Sensor and Seal Technologies
 for Global Nuclear Nonproliferation                                                                      Department of Energy
                                                                                                          Sandia National Laboratories


                                                      1A provides periodic state-of-health communi-        The first increase was from one to two years, and
                                                      cations as well as immediate event notification.     recently the interval was extended to three years.
                                                      The device is also capable of message authenti-      Additionally, daily manual administrative checks
                                                      cation and has active and passive tamper-indi-       have been eliminated because the seals automati-
                                                      cating features.                                     cally “report in” several times a day. As well as
                                                                                                           reducing administrative overhead, the T-1A
                                                      SNL initiated the partnership by proposing that      seals enhance security and confidence. People
                                                      Canberra Albuquerque commercialize the T-1A          lose confidence in mechanical seals as soon as
                                                      and collaborate on development of the SSP. The       they are applied because they are not monitored
                                                      innovative and creative technology transfer event    directly and continuously. Active seals—such as
                                                      was to combine a license agreement for the cur-      the T-1A and the SSP—renew confidence in
                                                      rent T-1A sensor with a Cooperative Research         their security each time they report their status.
 From left to right: Dr. Brent Burdick, Barry         and Development Agreement (CRADA) to                 Also, the two-person rule has been eliminated for
 Schoeneman and Steve Blankenau                       jointly develop the next-generation SSP sensor.      material monitored by an active seal system. An
                                                      Not only was the current T-1A product brought        additional benefit is the reduction of the radia-
 Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) transferred       to market successfully through the licensing of      tion dose received by security personnel, who do
 the technology for the T-1A optical seal, an ac-     SNL intellectual property, but the CRADA will        not need to be physically present with the stored
 tive radio frequency-based (RF) device that is       provide a streamlined commercial launch of the       material as frequently.
 used to monitor high-value assets, and its tech-     SSP sensor. The transfer for the SSP has been
 nological successor, the Secure Sensor Platform      funded entirely by Canberra. The production of
 (SSP). The T-1A seal makes it highly difficult to    the T-1A units is funded primarily by Canberra,
                                                      with some minimal funding provided by the De-                          Contact
 remove material or containers without breaking
                                                                                                                        Barry Schoeneman
 the seal on the fiber-optic loop. When the seal      partment of Energy’s Savannah River Site as the
                                                                                                                          505-844-0554
 is broken, the T-1A transmits the event by RF        domestic customer for the seal. All technology                   bdschoe@sandia.gov
 and an associated monitoring system collects the     transfer efforts and associated costs in terms of
 information for storage and review. These seals      negotiating and executing the CRADA and li-
 are intended for long-term use without mainte-       cense agreement were assumed by the Strategic
 nance, up to five years on one battery. The device   Relationships Center at SNL.
 electronics are housed in a plastic case about the
 size of two decks of cards and can monitor a fi-     A direct benefit of the T-1A is the extension of
 ber-optic loop up to 50 meters in length. The T-     the periods between physical taking of inventory.

30
                           Department of Energy
David Goldheim             Sandia National Laboratories
Outstanding Technology Transfer Professional Award

                       David L. Goldheim joined Sandia National               and transfer of intellectual property. Sandia, Los
                       Laboratories’ Technology Transfer Office as its        Alamos National Laboratory, the University of
                       director in 1999. His significant contributions        New Mexico’s Science & Technology Corp., New
                       include leadership, inventiveness, and tenacity in     Mexico State University, New Mexico Institute
                       developing and shepherding innovative programs         of Mining and Technology, the MIND Insti-
                       that support Sandia’s business development and         tute, and the National Center for Genome Re-
                       strategic intellectual property (IP) management        sources forged an inter-institutional agreement
                       efforts. During his tenure, the partnering pro-        that improves access to technology and eases the
                       cesses at Sandia have matured, as well as expand-      complexity of negotiating license agreements by
                       ed into new and innovative areas.                      forming a contract that allows the bundling of
                                                                              patents and identifies one organization as re-
                       Mr. Goldheim’s model of strategic IP manage-           sponsible for negotiations.
                       ment emphasizes identifying existing IP and
                       not-yet-market-ready technical capabilities;           Other examples of Sandia’s use of innovative
                       then, with the capabilities and the existing IP        mechanisms include the Business Intelligence/
                       bundled, using an inventive set of tools to bring      Market Research team, Equity and Royal Shar-
                       the technology from the lab to the marketplace.        ing programs, Technology Maturation Fund,
                       This strategy requires trust and support among         Mission-Centric Venturing, Entrepreneur-in-
                       the research institutions to identify a lead lab ne-   Residence, Sandia Science & Technology Park,
                       gotiator and a royalty distribution approach, as       Shared Vision program, business development,
                       well as business savvy to represent the interests of   business intelligence, and market research.
                       multiple parties.
                                                                              Mr. Goldheim’s qualifications as a technology
                       Intellectual property professionals recognize the      transfer professional are indisputable. He dem-
                       value of this model. Members of Sandia’s team          onstrates business acumen and specific skills in
                       took the bundling concept outside the walls of         technology transfer in his capacity as Sandia’s
                       the lab in 2006 and received a Licensing Execu-        lead representative in establishing and maintain-
                       tives Society “Deals of Distinction” award, which      ing strategic relationships that support the labo-
                       recognizes transactions involving the licensing        ratories’ crucial national security missions.




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