Pre-Compulsory and Compulsory Education by taj10058


Pre-Compulsory and
Compulsory Education
Output      The department is committed to the goal that every student
            has the opportunity to learn and achieve his or her potential.
                                                                                          to assist the Learning Services to reflect on what schools are
                                                                                          doing well and what areas can be targeted for improvement.
Group 1     Teachers, parents and students all have a part to play in
                                                                                          The Raising the Bar and Closing the Gap initiative provides targeted
Direction   achieving this goal. The three priorities of the pre-compulsory
                                                                                          support to enable students to achieve higher literacy levels. Through
            and compulsory years of schooling strategy are to:
                                                                                          this initiative, the state government has allocated $32 million over four
                                                                                          years to significantly increase the number of students finishing their
              curious and have already begun to learn                                     primary education with the necessary basic literacy and numeracy skills.
                                                                                          Tasmanian government schools will also benefit from the
              aged children                                                               investment of close to $300 million over the next three years
                                                                                          on school facilities under the Australian Government’s $14.7
                                                                                          billion economic stimulus package – Building the Education
              knowledge, skills and experience as a passport to move into                 Revolution. This is the greatest school modernisation program in
              the post-compulsory years.                                                  Tasmanian history and is a critical component of the Australian
            Learner at the Centre, a strategic framework for the Education                Government’s Nation Building – Economic Stimulus Plan, giving
            and Skills portfolio for the four years 2009–2012 has been                    schools the facilities they richly deserve.
            developed in order to achieve the department’s goal. It builds                Retention is a key area of focus for the department. Nationally,
            upon earlier policy documents and aligns all key portfolio                    Tasmania has the greatest need to improve in terms of retention
            directions to the government’s priorities.                                    when compared to other states and territories. The implementation
            The early years are crucial to success in learning and the state              of the Tasmania Tomorrow initiative recognises the importance
            government is firmly focused on ensuring the wellbeing of                     of youth engagement in education, retention and attainment. It
            Tasmanian children and giving them access to the best possible                confirms the department’s focus on post-Year 10 reform.
            opportunities for development and learning. Research shows                    An allocation of $9.5 million in 2008–09 to the Tasmania: A State
            that 75 per cent of a child’s brain development occurs during the             of Learning strategy underscores the government’s commitment
            first five years of life, and half of the intellectual potential of a child   to encouraging young people to move into post-compulsory
            is established by age four. The Tasmanian Early Years Foundation              years of education. This integrated strategy provides a strategic
            has a strong leadership role in this area and 26 projects shared              framework for post-Year 10 education and training. It has four
            more than $310,000 funding through the Tasmanian Early                        major focuses:
            Years Foundation 2008–09 Grants Program. The mission of the
            foundation is to work in partnership with the community to
            provide support for children and their families. The grants
            program supports a range of government, non-government and
            community organisations throughout Tasmania that understand
            the needs of their communities and have developed projects
            aimed at meeting those needs.                                                 The government is committed to accountable and transparent
                                                                                          reporting. Tasmania’s Education Performance Report 2008 was
            In addition, the state government has committed up to $90
                                                                                          released publicly in April 2009. This provides parents and the wider
            million to build child and family centres statewide. These
                                                                                          Tasmanian community with current, valid and reliable information
            centres will complement the $12.6 million Launching into Learning
                                                                                          on the government’s priority areas of the early years, literacy and
            program which enables schools to support young children and
                                                                                          numeracy, student retention, school improvement and equity.
            their families before children start formal schooling.
                                                                                          In line with the government’s commitment to open and
            All children need functional literacy and numeracy skills to meet
                                                                                          responsible reporting and to recognise continual improvement in
            the challenges of everyday life. Schools, supported by the Learning
                                                                                          schools, School Improvement Reports were introduced in October
            Services, have responsibility for the improvement of student
                                                                                          2008 and released for the second time in May 2009. For the first
            literacy and numeracy performance. Not only is academic ability
                                                                                          time, this enabled the performance of individual schools to be
            in these areas important to each individual for confidence, self-
                                                                                          compared over consecutive years.
            esteem and to improve life choices, but it is also a goal of Tasmania
            Together to raise the state’s performance level to be at or above the         While there are challenges facing education, there are also new
            national average by 2010.                                                     and ongoing resources to strengthen the improvements in pre-
                                                                                          compulsory and compulsory education. Children and young people
            School Improvement Boards monitor the support that Learning
                                                                                          remain at the centre of the department’s priorities and this will
            Services provide to their schools. The boards evaluate school
                                                                                          benefit the whole Tasmanian community in the years ahead.
            and statewide data to assess how well resources are utilised and

                                                          Direction – Pre-Compulsory and Compulsory Education                                              15
Early Years
                    In the early years the focus is on schools developing      The state government’s Launching into Learning
                    strong relationships with parents and community            initiative is now in the last year of an initial four
                    services, including strategies and programs that           year, $12.6 million commitment to families and
                    promote and support the importance of the                  young children aged from birth to four years. The
                    early years for children’s successful learning and         government has committed a further $12.7 million
                    development. This will be strengthened in the              in ongoing funding until 2013.
                    future with the implementation of the Council of
                    Australian Governments’ (COAG) quality reform
                    agenda currently being planned.

                    Let’s Read is the early childhood component of the         and three and a half years) making available materials
Let’s Read          ‘Read for Life’ strategy launched in September 2007.       and resources.
                    Let’s Read is a national, evidence-based program           Support is provided to communities in each local
                    developed following a literature review, community         government area to establish a local steering
                    consultations, focus groups and a feasibility study.       committee for the management of training,
                    It is a comprehensive early literacy initiative that       delivery of packs, follow up and community events.
                    promotes and supports parents to read aloud                Professionals, including child health nurses, child
                    with young children from birth. In Tasmania it is          care practitioners, librarians and teachers who
                    funded by the Department of Education and is               already work in each community are trained, and
                    being delivered by the Smith Family in partnership         in an ongoing way support and encourage parents
                    with the Centre for Community Child Health in              to read with their child/children. The initiative is
                    Melbourne. The aim of the strategy is to make              now operating in all 27 local government areas.
                    contact with families at four points during a child’s      The current focus is to integrate Let’s Read with
                    development (four months, 12 months, 18 months             Launching into Learning to maximise sustainability.
                     Let’s Read funding
                                 2007             2008              2009              Total
                              $416,500         $138,250          $120,250          $675,000

                            Launching into Learning aims to give Tasmania’s    Launching into Learning enables principals to create
Launching into        3.1.1
                            youngest children the best possible start in       a school culture that values learning in the early
Learning                    life. The philosophy of Launching into Learning    years, lead the design of appropriate strategies
                    is to intentionally support parents as their child’s       and programs, and facilitate the coordination and
                    first, ongoing and often most influential teachers.        integration of relevant services in their school
                                                                               community. Through Launching into Learning,
                    Launching into Learning programs support families by       programs are developed that respond to the
                    working in partnership with parents before children        learning needs of young children in each community
                    begin Kindergarten. There is evidence that this is         with a focus on working with parents, partnerships
                    likely to be effective in achieving learning success and   with other services, early literacy and school
                    to positively influence a wider range of outcomes          readiness and working with families with young
                    than any interventions that occur later in life.           children who find it hardest to access services.

                    Launching into Learning funding

                         2006–07      2007–08       2008–09        2009–10           Total
                          $1.578m      $2.802m       $4.026m       $4.250m        $12.656m

16   Direction – Early Years
            The state government has committed $76 million to build                  These multi-service centres will offer a range of services
Child and   up to 30 child and family centres statewide. Construction                based on community need which could include health,
Family      on the first eight centres will commence in 2009 and will                education and care services for children from birth to
Centres     be located at Risdon Cove, Clarendon Vale, Ravenswood,                   school age as well as support for parents. They will bring
            Chigwell, George Town, East Devonport, Beaconsfield,                     together key services that make the most difference in
            and Queenstown. In April 2009, the Australian                            the early years of a child’s life, providing a one-stop shop
            Government announced it will provide the Tasmanian                       for children and their families within the heart of their
            government with approximately $8 million to establish                    local community.
            and operate a child and family centre for Bridgewater.
            Launching into Learning participating schools as at June 2009 1

                                                    ‘Hub’ lead schools             Network schools               New schools           New schools
             Learning Service
                                                             2006–07                     2006–07                    2007–08               2008–09
             South                                                          2                             4                      8                          7
             South-East                                                     2                             6                     13                      11
             North                                                          5                           15                      18                          1
             North-West                                                     3                             5                     20                          2
             Total                                                        12                            30                     59                       21

            Schools in partnerships with service providers in their                  St Leonards – an extensive community consultation
            local communities developed programs to further the aims                 was held to understand and develop strategies to meet
            of the Launching into Learning initiative. Examples of good              the needs of the widespread rural community. The
            practice include:                                                        school offers a number of opportunities for families to
                                                                                     access programs across the week. A speech and language
            Brighton municipality – including Herdsmans Cove,                        pathologist is now working with teachers, parents and
            East Derwent, Gagebrook and Brighton Primary schools                     teacher aides to support families with children’s language
            is placing a strong focus on common professional learning,               and speech development. Other programs are being
            developing integrated services and partnerships to meet                  developed to support particular family needs.
            the needs of the community. The child and family centre
            that will be operational by early 2011 will further support              South and South-East Learning Services and
            this work.                                                               Schools – are developing partnerships with Child
                                                                                     Health and Parenting Services within DHHS and Housing
            West Ulverstone – is implementing a multi-disciplinary                   Tasmania with the aim of forming collaborative work
            team approach including principal, teacher, child health                 practices including sharing information to improve and
            nurse, teacher aide and social worker. There is a focus on               streamline delivery of services to families. These practices
            home visits to families that find it difficult to access services        have extended and are now being implemented in Learning
            in order to build relationships and encourage participation              Service North-West.
            in programs as appropriate.

                                                                                                                              Tasmania Together
             Key performance measure                                      2006                2007               2008
             Percentage of Kindergarten students
             achieving expected outcomes 2                               74.7%               74.4%               76.8%                     3.1.1

             Percentage of Prep students achieving
             expected literacy outcomes 3                                82.9%               83.3%               85.1%                     3.2.2

             Percentage of Prep students achieving
             expected numeracy outcomes 3                                83.2%               83.9%               84.6%                     3.2.2

            1 A list of the schools involved in the Launching into Learning program is located in the appendix of this report.
            2 Tasmania Together benchmark 3.1.1 target for 2010 is 76 per cent.
            3 The measure is the percentage of Prep students achieving a set score, using the Performance Indicators in Primary Schools (PIPS) test,
              by the end of the year.

                                                                                                           Direction – Early Years                     17
              In 2009, all 27 local government areas are delivering the    communities to establish their local reference groups
Let’s Read    Let’s Read program. The statewide community facilitator      and implement the initiative. Integrating Let’s Read into
              has continued in a full-time capacity to support new         Launching into Learning is a priority.

                     In the first year of the implementation of            With improved support and services to young children
Launching      3.1.1
                     Launching into Learning (2006–07),                    and families as the goal, the range of professional
into                 $1.578 million was allocated to 42 schools            partnerships being formed is increasing. Launching into
Learning      across the state. In the second year, a further $2.802       Learning schools are determining their local needs and
              million was distributed to the four Learning Services        working closely with, or using resources to secure social
              to determine school allocations. $4.026 million was          workers, child health nurses, family support workers,
              available in 2008–09 enabling over 100 schools to            child care professionals, as well as teacher assistants
              receive funding to support initiatives and programs. In      to work alongside early childhood teachers. Some are
              keeping with the planning principles underlying Launching    also seeking specialist speech, language and occupational
              into Learning, the majority of these school communities      therapy services.
              have a high proportion of families living in disadvantaged
              and challenging circumstances.                               Across the state, participation has exceeded
                                                                           expectations. Data collected from all schools indicate
              Launching into Learning is led and managed in each           that 2,600 parents and carers and over 3,000 children
              Learning Service by a management group including the         are participating on a regular basis in the diverse range
              Manager Learning and a small number of principals.           of programs offered by schools. The majority of the
              Twelve of the initial 42 schools were identified as hub      resource is being expended to employ approximately 44
              schools and have continued in this role as the project       full-time equivalent staff.
              has developed. Hub schools have taken a key leadership
              role in developing strong learning networks across           In December 2008, the Kindergarten Development
              their respective Learning Services and ensuring that         Check indicated that the proportion of children
              the planning principles and accountability measures of       identified ‘at risk’ reduced by 3.5 per cent in the 42
              Launching into Learning are met.                             schools that have been involved in the project from the
                                                                           beginning, that is, July 2006.
              The Launching into Learning model is based on schools
              building strong networks, sharing practice, learning         As at 30 June 2009, literacy and numeracy assessments
              together and from each other. This model has facilitated     in Prep showed that Launching into Learning has halved
              professional growth and fostered leadership potential        the gap in early literacy and numeracy skills for those
              and capacity building within schools. Networks in            children who attended Launching into Learning programs.
              and across Learning Services have enabled sharing of
              practical resources and common professional learning.

18   Direction – Early Years
Child Care
                 The Child Care Unit (CCU) is integral to maintaining                         The most significant issues continuing to affect the
                 the provision of quality child care in Tasmania. Staff                       child care sector are the difficulties associated with the
                 seek opportunities to work collaboratively with the                          recruitment and retention of child care staff, particularly
                 child care community while maintaining the unit’s core                       qualified staff. The CCU is working with the sector and
                 functions of providing:                                                      the Minister’s Child Care Advisory Council to improve
                                                                                              this and has facilitated and developed a number of
                                                                                              strategies to assist in easing the crisis.
                      implementing and reviewing licensing standards
                                                                                              Currently, planning is underway nationally for
                                                                                              the implementation of the Council of Australian
                      community in regard to licensing                                        Governments’ quality reform agenda. This will impact
                                                                                              significantly on the work of the CCU over the next
                                                                                              five years.

                       The Skills to Care initiative supports and funds                       turnover of staff in child care services across the state.
Skills to Care         training to assist new graduates in leadership
                                                                                              Over four years, $140,000 has been allocated to the
                       positions and other child care professionals to                        initiative, which commenced in 2006–07.
                 take on management roles. It aims to reduce the

Performance 4
                 Key performance measure                                                                  2006–07                2007–08                2008–09
                 Licensed child care services: 5
                    0–5 year-olds 6                                                                               94                      86                  83
                    5–12 year-olds 7                                                                             102                     110                 111
                    0–12 year-olds                                                                                64                      71                  77
                    Family day care schemes                                                                       12                      11                  11
                 Total                                                                                           272                    278                 282
                 Licensed centre-based child care places:
                   Long day care                                                                              5,284                   5,405               5,590
                   Occasional care                                                                              795                     750                  703
                   After school care                                                                          4,207                   4,669                4,499
                   Before school care                                                                         1,223                   1,850                1,554
                   Vacation care                                                                              3,623                   4,341                4,052
                 Total                                                                                       15,132                17,015 8              16,398
                 4     These measures support the achievement of Tasmania Together benchmark 1.2.1.
                 5     DoE target for 2008–09 was 305.
                 6     Long day care and occasional care centres only.
                 7     After school, before school and vacation care centres only.
                 8     There were child care database issues in 2007–08, which resulted in an over calculation of child care places for after school,
                       before school and vacation care (estimated at 1,300 places).

                                                                                                                     Direction – Child Care                19
                   Other performance measure                                             2006–07               2007–08                  2008–09
                   Child care service types located on all school sites: 9
                   Long day care:
                     Government                                                                   24                  19 10                  20
                     Non-government                                                                6                   9                     10
                   Occasional care:
                     Government                                                                    7                   6                      6
                     Non-government                                                                2                   4                      3
                   After school care:
                     Government                                                                   64                  70                     71
                     Non-government                                                               23                  27                     26
                   Before school care:
                     Government                                                                   19                  25                     27
                     Non-government                                                               10                  16                     15
                   Vacation care:
                     Government                                                                   35                  42                     42
                     Non-government                                                               16                  23                     21

                        During 2008–09, the CCU met the state’s                     day care, after school care, before school care,
Licensed Child          responsibility for licensing and standards.                 occasional care and vacation care. Only occasional
Care Places        1.2.1
                        Data gathered for 2008–09 indicated an                      care places decreased by 92 places. The most
                  increase of 1,266 places from 2006–07 in the                      significant increase from 2006–07 to 2008–09 (27
                  number of licensed child care places, for long                    per cent) was in before school care places – 331.

                  During 2008–09, the following programs were                        Building Capacity for Leadership for child care
Skills to Care    delivered through the Skills to Care initiative:                   professionals aspiring to management positions –
                                                                                     Lady Gowrie.
                   Diploma Enrichment Program for new graduates
                   in leadership positions – TAFE Tasmania North
                   and South

                  In late 2007, the Minister’s Child Care Advisory                  the Child Care Scholarships program, the Skills to
Recognition       Council (MCCAC) identified recruitment and                        Care initiative, and the Skills for Growth (the TAFE
Project           retention of suitable staff as its main priority and              Tasmania Recognition Centre) initiative. Planning
                  developed a successful budget bid to establish                    was completed during 2008–09 and the candidates
                  the recognition process as a significant, ongoing                 and workplace coaches were sought from
                  qualification pathway to help resolve the                         August 2009.
                  qualifications crisis. MCCAC sees recognition
                  as an effective tool to build on and complement

                  9 Some school sites may have more than one service type.
                  10 Some service types have been described differently between the two years. Only one long day care service closed.

20 Direction – Child Care
Literacy and Numeracy
                       One of the three priorities of the pre-compulsory        an important factor as it develops a clear, concerted
                       and compulsory years of schooling strategy is to         and concise approach to learning. Recognising that
                       improve the basic literacy and numeracy skills of all    all teachers are literacy teachers means supporting
                       school-aged children.                                    them to receive appropriate ongoing professional
                                                                                development and the sharing of best practice.
                       English–literacy and Mathematics–numeracy are
                       mandated areas of study in the Tasmanian Curriculum      The department continued to invest heavily in
                       from Preparatory to Year 10. The knowledge, skills,      literacy and numeracy teaching and learning.
                       understandings and capacities that children develop      Approximately $3 million was allocated to
                       are central to learning and necessary for success in     the Learning Services to further their literacy
                       all areas of the curriculum.                             strategies. $8 million was invested in the state
                                                                                government’s 2008–09 budget through the Raising
                       On average, over 1,000 students each year finish         the Bar and Closing the Gap program in order to lift
                       primary school not having demonstrated one or            literacy standards in primary schools, especially
                       more of the national minimum standards in reading,       targeting low socio-economic status (SES) schools.
                       writing or numeracy. Increasing performance in all       $32 million over four years will be spent on this
                       areas of literacy and numeracy is one of the biggest     initiative. The goal is to have more children finish
                       challenges this state faces. The department is           primary school and start their secondary education
                       determined to improve upon current practices and         with the basic skills, and for all students to achieve
                       has embarked on an innovative reform agenda to           higher literacy levels. Most importantly these funds
                       ensure that all Tasmanian children finish school with    support those students where there is the highest
                       functional literacy and numeracy skills.                 learning need. Strategies include additional teacher
                       Literacy and numeracy skill development is               support, professional learning resources and
                       supported in schools by four regional Learning           additional specialist support staff. Funds are only for
                       Services. Learning Services have a key role in the       approved strategies for achieving improved student
                       sharing of resources, knowledge, innovation and          outcomes and are subject to audit. The Raising the
                       learning between schools and across the state,           Bar and Closing the Gap initiative is subject to annual
                       and responding to schools on the basis of their          review.
                       improvement needs. Educational leadership is also

                              Schools, in conjunction with Learning             and accountability. Educational Performance
Literacy and                  Services, are directly funded to tailor           Services (EPS) provides schools, the system, and
numeracy                3.2.2
                              literacy and numeracy learning initiatives        the community with clarity around what is being
learning initiatives   to their students’ needs. Schools develop their          achieved. Learning Services and EPS provide support
                       own plans because they know their students best          alongside and directly to schools.
                       and the system has an emphasis on monitoring

                              The Raising the Bar and Closing the Gap           literacy and numeracy skills and for all children
Raising the Bar and     3.2.2
                              initiative aims to raise the bar on key           to achieve higher literacy levels. The program
Closing the Gap               measures of student literacy and numeracy         specifically targets low socio-economic status (SES)
                       and also close the gap between our high and low          schools. Support in 2009 has included additional
                       achievers. Through this initiative, $32 million has      teachers working directly with students, additional
                       been allocated over four years to significantly          professional learning for teachers and more
                       increase the number of students finishing their          specialist support staff.
                       primary education with the necessary basic

                                                                               Direction – Literacy and Numeracy                 21
                              The Premier’s Reading Challenge aims to           run again in 2009 as the Premier challenged every
Premier’s Reading        3.2.2
                              improve the literacy of Tasmanian students,       Tasmanian primary school student from Prep to
Challenge                     help raise awareness of the importance of         Year 6 to read at least 10 books from 22 June to 28
                        reading amongst parents and the wider community         August 2009. The focus is to encourage students to
                        and keep students interested in reading. The            have a go, no matter what their reading level.
                        reading challenge commenced in 2008 and it was

                                 St Leonards Primary and Lansdowne              amongst staff. Results in national testing have
Australian                 Crescent Primary Schools showcased their
                                                                                demonstrated positive improvement.
Education Ministers’       successful literacy programs to Education            Lansdowne Crescent Primary’s presentation was
biennial forum       Ministers from around Australia in December                entitled ‘Mindful teaching and purposeful learning:
                        2008 at the first Australian Education Ministers’       improving literacy outcomes’. Presenting teachers
                        biennial forum in Melbourne.                            outlined how student learning has improved
                        St Leonards Primary presented ‘Writing Rocks’.          through their focus on real world connectedness,
                        The school has taken a whole school approach            building self-esteem amongst students, consistency
                        to develop young writers who are engaged, are           and continuity of practice throughout the school
                        taught the craft of writing and can make decisions      and partnerships with parents and the wider
                        for themselves about the writing styles they use.       community.
                        This is underpinned by a culture of collaboration

                              The Indigenous Tutorial Assistance Scheme         Early Years Officers supported Aboriginal parents
Literacy and             3.2.2
                              provided literacy and numeracy tuition for        to prepare their children from birth to 5 years with
numeracy learning             Indigenous students in Years 4 to 10; 130         pre-school literacy and numeracy activities and to
initiatives for         schools were involved in this initiative throughout     maximise Kindergarten attendance to 15 hours
Indigenous students     2008–09.                                                per week. Links have been established with the
                        The Aboriginal Early Years Program and mobile pre-      Launching into Learning initiative.
                        school service operated statewide. Four Aboriginal

                         Key performance
                                                             2005             2006           2007             2008     Together
                         Percentage gap in
                         Indigenous students
                                                             10.8%            10.1%           9.7%             7.4%
                         achieving expected
                         outcomes                                                                                          3.2.2

National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN)
Commentary               across Australia are tested on aspects of literacy       2008 in most year groups.
                         and numeracy using a common test in Reading,
                         Writing, Language Conventions (spelling, grammar
                         and punctuation) and Numeracy.                           with QLD, WA and SA. The difference in the
                                                                                  scores for most of the states and territories are
                                                                                  not statistically significant.
                         and state level to evaluate the effectiveness of
                         teaching, the learning initiatives and programs
                         in place, and to clarify a direction for continued       with a slight improvement compared to
                         improvement in literacy and numeracy                     this group’s 2008 mean score as well as the
                         performance.                                             percentage at or above the national minimum

22 Direction – Literacy and Numeracy
                      a statistically significant margin compared with              (Launching into Learning) so that all children
                      2008; while Year 7 Reading and Numeracy                       come to school ready to learn
                      results showed a slight decrease in performance
                      compared to 2008.
                                                                                    centres statewide to offer a range of services
                                                                                    based on community need
                      students achieving at or above the national
                                                                                         Raising the Bar and Closing the Gap
                      minimum standard in Numeracy across all four
                                                                                    initiative which commenced in Term 3 2008
                      year levels.
                                                                                                             Smarter Schools
                                                                                    Literacy and Numeracy National Partnership
                      improvement in Year 5 and Year 9 Numeracy
                                                                                    funding to support students in Years 5–8 in
                      mean scores as well as the percentage at or
                                                                                    schools with the highest need.
                      above the national minimum standard.

                                                                             Australian Government in a range of areas including
                      to improve performance of all students and to
                                                                             proportions of Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 students achieving
                      be the best in the country by 2016. Strategies for
                                                                             national minimum standards and senior secondary
                      improvement include:
                                                                             outcomes. This information was made available
                                                                             to each school and its community through the
                                                                             department’s website:

Explanatory notes    achievement on the reading tests, because reading       release of 2009 results.
to the graphs        is considered the most reliable measure of overall
                     literacy achievement.
                                                                             Tasmania Together benchmark 3.2.2. The target
                                                                             for all these measures is to raise the state’s
                     government schools.                                     performance level to be at or above the national
                                                                             average by 2010.
                     been rounded and may not sum to 100.                  Student results in the NAPLAN tests are reported
                                                                           against a continuous reporting scale described by ten
                                                                           achievement bands and enable individual achievement
                     deemed not to have met the national minimum
                                                                           to be compared to the national average. The
                                                                           achievement scale for each year level is described
                    These measures have been sourced from the national     using six of the ten achievement bands; the first band
                    website for NAPLAN –                 being the lower level of knowledge and skills attained;
                                                                           and the top band describing higher level knowledge
                                                                           and skills.
                     release of 2008 results.

                    Year 3                                                 Year 7
Bands of
                     performed at or above the national minimum              performed at or above the national minimum
                     standard                                                standard

                     achieve the national minimum standard.                  not achieve the national minimum standard.
                    Year 5                                                 Year 9

                     performed at or above the national minimum              performed at or above the national minimum
                     standard                                                standard

                     not achieve the national minimum standard.              not achieve the national minimum standard.
                    Information about 2008 and 2009 performance in NAPLAN is presented in graphs on pages 24 to 27.

                                                                           Direction – Literacy and Numeracy 23
NAPLAN – Year 3
                                                                                         Percentage of Students
Achievement of
Year 3 Students in   NSW     1 4      10         17                                           24                                         23                                   21
Reading 2008           Vic    3 2     8         16                                      24                                          25                                       22
                      Qld     2    11           18                                      21                                        22                              17                     10
                      WA     1   10          14                             18                                    22                                   20                           15
                       SA     3 5         12                         18                                 24                                        22                               17
                       Tas   1 6          13                         18                                 22                                       22                               18
                     ACT     2 4        9       14                                  22                                            25                                         24
                       NT    2               36                                               15                             14                    14                       11               9
                      Aust   2 6          12                          18                                23                                       22                                18

                             0                       20                                 40                                   60                                  80                                100
                                                                                         Percentage of Students
Achievement of
                     NSW     13      9                17                                 22                                       21                                        26
Year 3 Students in
                       Vic    3 2    7               16                                 23                                        22                                        27
Reading 2009
                      Qld     2 6               16                            22                                        23                                  17                        13
                      WA     1   8              14                       19                                   22                                   18                              18
                       SA    2 5           13                          21                                     24                                    20                               17
                       Tas   1 5         12                      19                                22                                       20                                    20
                     ACT      3 2    7               14                            22                                     22                                            30
                       NT    2                  30                                      17                              17                         15                   11                   8
                      Aust   2 4         11                     18                                 23                                     20                                      22

                             0                       20                                 40                                   60                                  80                                100

                                                                                         Percentage of Students
Achievement of
Year 3 Students in   NSW     12    9           21                                                  28                                            23                                17
Numeracy 2008          Vic    31 6         19                                             30                                               26                                      17
                      Qld     2 6         18                                            29                                               26                                  14                5
                      WA     1 5       14                27                                                                  29                                        18                    7
                       SA     3 3      12               25                                                              29                                            19                     8
                       Tas   12    10             23                                                         29                                         22                           13
                     ACT     22    8          19                                              29                                                 25                                16
                       NT    2        21                   18                                                  23                                      20                         11               4
                      Aust   2 3     11              23                                                       28                                         21                          12

                             0                       20                             40                                       60                                  80                                100

                                                                                         Percentage of Students
Achievement of
                     NSW     13   10                        20                                   27                                               22                                16
Year 3 Students in
                       Vic    31 8                        20                                   28                                                24                                 16
Numeracy 2009
                      Qld     2 6          17                                    28                                                    27                                   15                 6
                      WA     1 6         15                                   25                                             27                                       18                     9
                       SA    2 6          15                                   26                                              27                                      17                     8
                       Tas   1 5      13                               23                                          26                                       19                          12
                     ACT      3 2 8                        20                                      28                                             24                                   15
                       NT    2            28                                       17                                   21                               19                        9             4
                      Aust   2 4     12                               23                                          27                                      20                            12

                             0                   20                                 40                                  60                    80                                                   100
                             Below National Minimum Standard                                                        At or Above National Minimum Standard

                                   Exempt          Band 1                                          Band 2               Band 3                Band 4              Band 5                Band 6
                                                 and below                                                                                                                             and above

24     Direction – Literacy and Numeracy
NAPLAN – Year 5
                                                                                         Percentage of Students
Achievement of
Year 5 Students in   NSW     1 6         12               23                                                    27                                  20                           12
Reading 2008           Vic   2 4       11               24                                                      28                                   21                           11
                      Qld    2     12             17                                       25                                      24                             14                   6
                      WA     1   10            15                               25                                           26                                16                     7
                       SA     3   7          15                                 26                                          27                                  16                     7
                       Tas   1   9            16                                 24                                         25                                 17                     8
                     ACT     1 4      10             22                                                28                                     22                                14
                       NT    1                 36                                             14                       17                          17                     10              4
                      Aust   2 8            14                                 24                                     26                                  18                         9

                             0                          20                            40                              60                                80                                    100
                                                                                         Percentage of Students
Achievement of
Year 5 Students in   NSW     1 5         12                         19                                25                                     22                             15
Reading 2009           Vic    3 3       10                         20                                 27                                      23                             14
                      Qld    2     9                 17                             23                                      24                               17                     8
                      WA     1    10                15                        21                                      24                                  19                      10
                       SA    2 7                  15                         23                                        26                                  18                      9
                       Tas   1   8                15                        21                                   24                                 19                           12
                     ACT     2 4        9                     18                              26                                       24                                 18
                       NT    2                         32                                15                       17                          17                         12               6
                      Aust   2    7               13                      21                                    25                                      21                       13

                             0                          20                            40                              60                                80                                    100

                                                                                         Percentage of Students
Achievement of
Year 5 Students in   NSW     1 5             15                            27                                         26                                     17                      10
Numeracy 2008          Vic   2 3            14                            27                                          28                                      17                      9
                      Qld    2   8                       22                                      32                                            24                           10              2
                      WA     1 8                        21                                     32                                            25                            11               3
                       SA     3 7                        22                                      32                                            24                           10              3
                       Tas   1 7                       21                                     32                                            25                            11               4
                     ACT     1 4            15                             29                                               28                                     16                 7
                       NT    2                   29                                        23                                     24                               16                6 2
                      Aust   2 6                 17                                 29                                            26                                14                7

                             0                          20                            40                              60                                80                                    100

                                                                                         Percentage of Students
Achievement of
                     NSW     13        11                           24                                     28                                      19                           14
Year 5 Students in
Numeracy 2009          Vic    3 2       11                           26                                          31                                            19                     9
                      Qld    2 6                   18                                    31                                             28                                 13              4
                      WA     1 6                  17                                30                                             28                                     14               4
                       SA    2 5                  18                                 32                                             27                                    12               4
                       Tas   1 6                  18                                 30                                            28                                    13               5
                     ACT     2 2       11                           26                                          31                                           19                      9
                       NT    2               24                                20                                24                                     19                      8             2
                      Aust   2 4            14                            27                                           28                                     17                      8

                             0                   20                                   40                            60                    80                                                  100
                             Below National Minimum Standard                                                    At or Above National Minimum Standard

                                   Exempt               Band 3                                  Band 4               Band 5            Band 6                Band 7          Band 8
                                                      and below                                                                                                             and above

                                                                                                            Direction – Literacy and Numeracy                                                       25
NAPLAN – Year 7
                                                                                              Percentage of Students
Achievement of
                     NSW     1 4          14                               26                                         28                                 18             10
Year 7 Students in
Reading 2008           Vic   23          12                               28                                          30                                  18              8
                      Qld     2 6                16                                29                                              27                            15        6
                      WA     1 6                 16                               29                                               27                            15         5
                       SA    2 5                15                              28                                            28                                16         6
                       Tas   1 5               15                               28                                            27                              16          8
                     ACT     13         10                      22                                     28                                   22                        15
                       NT    1                      32                                    16                       21                             17                10      4
                      Aust   1 5              14                               28                                        28                                   17         8

                             0                             20                             40                            60                             80                                 100

                                                                                              Percentage of Students
Achievement of
Year 7 Students in   NSW     1    5        13                          23                                        28                                     20                      11
Reading 2009           Vic   2    3       11                          25                                         30                                      20                      9
                      Qld     2     6              15                         26                                           29                                    17             6
                      WA     1     7               14                       24                                          28                                  18                7
                       SA    1    5           14                           26                                           29                                  18                 7
                       Tas   1     7               15                         25                                         27                                 17                8
                     ACT     2    3      10                     21                                     28                                        24                         14
                       NT    1                     28                                17                      19                             19                        12         5
                      Aust   1    5           13                           25                                     29                                     19                   9

                             0                             20                             40                    60                                     80                                 100
                                                                                           Percentage of Students
Achievement of
                     NSW     13            15                             24                                  25                                 17                        15
Year 7 Students in
                       Vic   22          12                          25                                      28                                   19                        13
Numeracy 2008
                      Qld     2 4           15                                  27                                       27                                 17                   9
                      WA     1 4             17                                   28                                          26                              16                  8
                       SA    2 4             17                                   28                                          26                              16                 8
                       Tas   1 4             17                                   28                                          26                              15                  8
                     ACT     12         12                       24                                         27                               20                           15
                       NT    1             23                                   22                                23                           17                       10    4
                      Aust   1 3           15                              26                                     26                                   17                  12

                             0                             20                             40                            60                             80                                 100

                                                                                              Percentage of Students
Achievement of
Year 7 Students in   NSW     1 4          14                           24                                        26                               18                       14
Numeracy 2009          Vic   22          12                           26                                           30                                  19                   11
                      Qld    1 4          14                             27                                             29                               17                   8
                      WA     1 5            15                             26                                           28                                17                  8
                       SA    1 4           16                               29                                                28                            15                 6
                       Tas   1 6                    18                                   29                                         27                             14                 5
                     ACT     2 3             12                       25                                         29                                      19                     12
                       NT    1                 24                                   21                             24                                  19                   9             3
                      Aust   1 4              14                          26                                       28                                    17                     10

                             0                   20                                       40                         60                    80                                             100
                             Below National Minimum Standard                                                     At or Above National Minimum Standard

                                      Exempt               Band 4                                  Band 5             Band 6             Band 7             Band 8          Band 9
                                                         and below                                                                                                         and above

26 Direction – Literacy and Numeracy
NAPLAN – Year 9
                                                                                       Percentage of Students
Achievement of
Year 9 Students in   NSW     1 5                17                           28                                          27                                 16                    7
Reading 2008           Vic   2 4               16                           30                                            28                                 16                   6
                      Qld    1 8                          20                              30                                        25                                12           4
                      WA     1 8                          20                              30                                        25                               13            4
                       SA    2 6                     18                            30                                              26                                13            4
                       Tas   1 6                    18                            29                                         25                                 15                6
                     ACT      3           12                    24                                      28                                      21                           12
                       NT    2                      28                            18                           22                                18                        10          3
                      Aust   1 6                     18                           29                                          26                                15                 6

                             0                             20                      40                             60                               80                                  100

                                                                                       Percentage of Students
Achievement of
Year 9 Students in   NSW     1   6              15                         26                                          29                                       18                 6
Reading 2009           Vic   2   4             14                         27                                           31                                        18                5
                      Qld    2        9                    18                           28                                          27                               13                3
                      WA     2        9                    17                          27                                          28                               14                4
                       SA    1   6                  16                         28                                            29                                   15                  4
                       Tas   1    8                   16                         26                                          28                                  16                   5
                     ACT     2   4         11                     23                                     30                                           22                          8
                       NT    2                       29                           16                       20                                 19                       11             4
                      Aust   1   7                   16                          27                                               29                             16                   5

                             0                             20                        40                            60                              80                                  100

                                                                                       Percentage of Students
Achievement of
Year 9 Students in   NSW     1 5                17                         26                                      24                                 16                     12
Numeracy 2008          Vic   2 3               15                         28                                        28                                     16                  8
                      Qld    1 6                      20                                  30                                           25                            12               4
                      WA     1 7                      21                                  30                                           24                            13               5
                       SA    2 6                      20                                   31                                           25                            12              4
                       Tas   1 7                       23                                    30                                          24                          11               5
                     ACT      3            15                          26                                     27                                   18                        10
                       NT    2               24                                22                                  25                              17                       9   2
                      Aust   1 5               18                               28                                           25                             14                8

                             0                             20                        40                            60                              80                                  100

                                                                                       Percentage of Students
Achievement of
                     NSW     1 4               15                         26                                      26                                  18                     11
Year 9 Students in
                       Vic   2 2          12                         28                                           31                                       18                  8
Numeracy 2009
                      Qld    1 5                 17                              31                                            28                                  14            4
                      WA     2 5                  17                             29                                           27                                 15             6
                       SA    1 4                17                                32                                             28                               14             5
                       Tas   1 5                  19                                   32                                               27                           13          4
                     ACT     2 3           12                        25                                      29                                      20                       10
                       NT    2                  22                          20                               25                                    19                       9     3
                      Aust   1 4               15                           28                                          28                                 16                  8

                             0                   20                                  40                          60                    80                                                 100
                             Below National Minimum Standard                                                 At or Above National Minimum Standard

                                      Exempt            Band 5                                 Band 6          Band 7                  Band 8           Band 9              Band 10
                                                      and below                                                                                                            and above

                                                                                                         Direction – Literacy and Numeracy                                                      27
Progress               Improving the literacy and numeracy standards           School Improvement Reports compare achievement
                       of all students is one of the department’s highest      and improvement in individual schools across
                       priorities. To ensure responsiveness to school          consecutive years. The second release of school
                       needs, each Learning Service has a School               information was made available in May 2009. The
                       Improvement Board comprising six principals             data allowed schools to compare their literacy
                       from the region’s schools and college(s), and two       and numeracy results against their own previous
                       externally appointed members with expertise in          achievements to determine the progress that is
                       business management and experience in successful        being made. They also identified areas of strength
                       community relationships. Learning Services work         and achievement so that successful strategies could
                       with all schools to improve the learning outcomes       be shared with other schools.
                       of all students.

                              The Tasmanian Curriculum sets the                and Mathematics–numeracy are issued to parents.
Tasmanian               3.2.2
                              direction for learning for all students          Schools also provide assessments and reports
Curriculum                    in Tasmanian government schools. From            on other learning areas as appropriate to the
                       2008, schools started to implement the Tasmanian        school and the student. In line with their individual
                       Curriculum for students from Kindergarten to            plans, schools are in the process of implementing
                       Year 10. Students in Preparatory to Year 10 are         all aspects of the curriculum. Feedback on the
                       assessed against and given reports on key learning      curriculum has been positive and teachers feel that
                       areas including English–literacy and Mathematics–       the support materials provided meet their needs
                       numeracy. Assessment ratings for English–literacy       and are user-friendly.

                                The following funded literacy and               personal support through case management and
Literacy and            3.2.2
                                numeracy strategies occurred in 2008–09:        curriculum designed around individual student
numeracy                                                                        needs and capacities.
                        Reading Recovery – a school-based literacy
learning initiatives    intervention for Year 1 was a funded improvement
                        strategy with 51 schools benefiting from this in        is used to better prepare beginning teachers
                        2008.                                                   as literacy/numeracy teachers and improve
                                                                                professional learning for experienced teachers; 20
                        Flying Start – all primary and combined schools         students and five in-service colleagues were part
                        provided this early intervention in literacy.           of this initiative in 2008–09.

                        was provided to the 30 per cent of schools with         initiative to support schools to implement their
                        the highest Educational Needs Index (ENI).              literacy improvement plans. Schools have been
                        Student Links – an initiative to improve outcomes       supported with focused professional learning. They
                        for students moving from Year 6 to Year 7,              have been working together to interpret data and
                        which provides additional support to schools and        better diagnose and address the learning needs of
                        communities to address the specific needs of            their students.
                        students at risk during transition periods. Projects    Reading Together – a family literacy program which
                        and programs vary and include the provision of          supports pre-school and adult literacy at 20
                                                                                locations statewide.

28 Direction – Literacy and Numeracy
                             Although a recent initiative, the Raising    developed literacy plans designed to target the
Raising the Bar and    3.2.2
                             the Bar and Closing the Gap literacy         identified needs of their students and selected
Closing the Gap              program has already achieved results         evidence-based programs and strategies most
                      in schools who are reporting clear benefits.        suitable for their context. These programs include
                      A total of 37 Tasmanian primary schools have        the Carol Christensen approach, First Steps Literacy
                      received funding under the program. Schools         and Writers Notebook. Literacy support teachers have
                      with the highest concentration of need receive      been appointed throughout the state and professional
                      the greatest levels of support. Schools have        networks have been established.

                            The Premier’s Reading Challenge was           government schools and 52 home schooled families
Premier’s Reading      3.2.2
                            a success in its first year, with 13,429      registered for the challenge. A sum of $351,000 in
Challenge                   Tasmanian primary school students             state government funding was provided to registered
                      completing the challenge. More than 35,800          schools to purchase new library books.
                      students from 230 government and non-

                             Many Indigenous students in Tasmania         These include: in-class tuition, personalised
Literacy and           3.2.2
                             experience a range of cultural, social and   mentoring and tutoring, as well as support for
numeracy learning            economic influences that reduce their        speech, hearing and other impediments that hinder
initiatives for       educational success compared to their non-          progress. Specialised professional learning for tutors
Indigenous students   Indigenous peers. A range of targeted strategies    that focuses on quality teaching programs and cultural
                      to improve outcomes are assisting in closing        awareness is also provided.
                      this gap.

                                                                          Direction – Literacy and Numeracy               29
Post-Compulsory Education and
Skills Development
Output              One of the greatest challenges for all states during    education and training in this state. These statutory
                    the global financial crisis is tackling the issue of    authorities bring together the best of the senior
Group 2             rising unemployment. Skills shortages have the          secondary colleges and TAFE Tasmania to create
Direction           potential to undermine economic growth and social       three new organisations focused on the provision of
                    advancement. To counteract this, Tasmania remains       post-Year 10 education and training in the government
                    focused on addressing the importance of youth           sector. The state is committed to providing meaningful
                    engagement in education, retention and attainment.      pathways and enhanced facilities to encourage Year 10
                    Increasingly, Tasmanian workers require higher          students to stay on to further education and training.
                    level skills to undertake the more advanced work        Tasmania Tomorrow means more young and mature
                    required in the 21st Century economy. To tackle         Tasmanians are able to take courses that suit their
                    skills shortages the department must think long-        learning style and students have more opportunities
                    term and retain students at school as well as involve   to achieve in education and training, and in life in
                    industry and business stakeholders. Productivity        general.
                    can be significantly improved by investing in skills
                    development.                                            The initiative will boost retention and completion
                                                                            rates for young people in post-secondary education
                    The state government’s Tasmania Tomorrow                and training reiterating the state’s commitment to
                    strategy—addressing Tasmania’s retention and            skills development. From the end of 2007 all students
                    post-school qualification rates by revitalising         completing Year 10 in Tasmania are required by law
                    post-Year 10 education and training has now             to continue participating in education and training
                    commenced through the establishment of the              until they turn 17. They may leave earlier if they gain a
                    Tasmanian Academy, the Tasmanian Polytechnic            senior secondary or vocational qualification.
                    and the Tasmanian Skills Institute.
                    The passing of Tasmania Tomorrow legislation has
                    heralded the beginning of an exciting time for

                          Under the Tasmania Tomorrow initiative,           The Tasmanian Academy, the Tasmanian
Tasmania                  legislation to establish the three new            Polytechnic, and the Tasmanian Skills Institute
Tomorrow             3.3.1

                          organisations responsible for the provision       commenced operation on 1 January 2009.
                    of post-Year 10 education and training in the
                    government sector was passed by Parliament on
                    30 October 2008.

                           Tasmania: A State of Learning is an
Tasmania: A State          integrated strategy with numerous initiatives      people of all ages
of Learning          3.3.1
                           that provides a long-term strategic
                    framework for post-Year 10 education and
                    training to:                                            An allocation of $9.5 million was funded in 2008–09
                                                                            for this post-Year 10 education and training strategy.
                      and training beyond compulsory schooling, leading     Long-term initiatives include Guaranteeing Futures,
                      to increases in retention rates                       Ensuring Essential Literacies, Enhancing Adult Learning
                                                                            and Building Learning Communities.

                      to support business and industry in a growing

30 Direction – Post-Compulsory Education and Skills Development
                         The Australian Government has provided           as the lead school and the local high schools in the
Tasmanian Trade     3.3.1
                         up to $20.8 million to fund the development      regions.
Training Centres         of five trade training centres in Tasmania,
                   three of which are led by the government sector.       The total amount of funding allocated to the
                   These centres are an important element of the          polytechnic is $11.3185 million which consists of:
                   Australian Government’s Education Revolution
                   and will provide training and help address skills        $4.3250 million
                   shortages across a range of areas including building
                   and construction trades, automotive, electrical,
                   metal trades, rural, hairdressing, and forestry.         $3.4050 million

                   The government sector lead trade training centres
                   are:                                                     $3.5885 million
                                                                          These trade training centres will ensure that the
                                                                          range of pathways will be extended, providing
                                                                          greater opportunities for young people, no matter
                                                                          where they live.

                   The three centres are the result of a consortium       Implementation of the successful projects is well
                   arrangement involving the Tasmanian Polytechnic        underway with project negotiations, schedules and
                                                                          milestones finalised.

                          Over 500 Year 10 students in government         There were two models for the INVEST program
Trainee &           3.4.3
                          schools got an insight into future training     which ran in the South during 2008. The first gave
Apprenticeship            and career options as part of a partnership     students with an interest in a particular industry
Programs (TAPP)    between the Department of Education, TAFE              area a one-week taste of the training opportunities
and INVEST         Tasmania, Skills Tasmania and, in some instances,      available in that industry area. This involved a range
                   business and industry. In 2008, TAPP and INVEST        of hands-on activities at TAFE as well as some
                   gave students with a demonstrated interest             industry visits.
                   for a particular industry area a taste of training     Once they completed stage one, students were
                   opportunities available in that area. The learning     able to apply for a more rigorous program which
                   areas included fashion, textile fabrications,          involved attending TAFE for one or two days a
                   beauty, hairdressing, fitting and machinery, metal     week for 15 weeks in the second half of the year.
                   fabrications, carpentry and joinery, business          Some programs also had a workplace component
                   administration and commercial cookery.                 attached.
                   TAPP, operating in the North and North-West,           More than 240 students participated in stage one
                   involved 240 students from 18 schools. Students        programs, 110 in stage two and 30 in project-based
                   were engaged over an extended period of time for       programs.
                   one or two days per week at TAFE, a day per week
                   in a workplace and supported at their school in
                   specific trade related and relevant learning.

                          Tasmanian students living in remote areas       the Senior Secondary Accommodation Allowance,
Remote Students     3.3.1
                          of the state deserve the same quality           and access has been broadened to include part-
                          education as their city counterparts. To        time students and students requiring short stay
                   ensure this happens the state government has           accommodation assistance.
                   increased the number of hostel places from 218 to
                   267 in 2008–09.                                        A total of $300,000 has also been delivered over
                                                                          three years to improve the infrastructure of the
                   Full-time students are benefiting from a recent 33     state’s 31 school farms so that valuable educational
                   per cent increase—from $1,050 to $1,400—in             programs can be extended for rural students.

                                   Direction – Post-Compulsory Education and Skills Development                            31
                   Students from seven northern high schools,                 body image and bullying. This initiative encouraged
New Youth          colleges, the Tasmanian Polytechnic, the University        young people to take a positive approach to life and
Magazine           of Tasmania and the Australian Technical College           showcased the many talents of northern Tasmanian
                   worked with staff from The Examiner to design,             students.
                   write articles and secure advertising for the New          It was also an important and engaging classroom
                   Youth magazine.                                            tool that was used in subject areas such as Personal
                   Topics covered included fashion and high profile           Development, English and Health.
                   interviews as well as more serious issues such as

                         The youthBUILD is a partnership between the          program. Of the 80 students that enrolled in 2008,
youthBUILD               DoE and the Housing Industry Association             57 completed the program—44 students have
                         that boosts employment prospects for                 gone on to senior secondary college, 10 found
                         students. In 2009, 76 students from seven            employment and three had unknown destinations.
                   southern high schools are participating in the

                          Twenty-five young Tasmanians represented            The WorldSkills competition is an excellent example
WorldSkills               their state in the WorldSkills Australia            of one of the main goals of Tasmania Tomorrow, in
Competitions         3.4.1

                          competition in Sydney from 11–13 July 2008.         bringing school and work closer together for the
                   At this national competition 50 trade and skill            benefit of employers and prospective employees.
                   competition categories were on view.                       Two young Tasmanians will visit the United
                   The Tasmanian entrants excelled and brought home           Kingdom to gain further experience in their chosen
                   four gold, five silver and three bronze medals as          vocational fields after being awarded prestigious
                   well as the prestigious Evatt Shield for the best          international skills scholarships through the Big
                   performed region. It is the third time in the last         Brother Movement (BBM) Limited Scholarships
                   four competitions that Tasmania has won the Evatt          after their success at the WorldSkills Australia national
                   Shield, and no other region has ever achieved this         competition.

                                                                                                           2009–10  Tasmania
                    Key performance measure                      2006–07 2007–08           2008–09          Target    Together
                                                                                                             (DoE) Benchmark

                    Apparent retention rate Years 7–12 11,12       64.8%          63.3%         61.3%          70.0%

                    Apparent retention rate Years 10–12 12         65.0%          63.7%         61.8% performing
                                                                                                            state            3.3.1

                    Proportion of people in full or part-time
                    education or training 13                       14.7%          15.7%           N/A          17.0%
                    Proportion of people aged 20 to 24 in
                    full or part-time education or training 13     38.3%          38.5%           N/A         40.0%
                    Percentage of 15 to 19 year-olds not
                    employed, not at school and not in full-           9.7%        9.6%         10.8%           5.0%
                    time tertiary education 13                                                                               5.5.1

                    Enrolments in vocational education
                    and training                                       N/A       36,541           N/A         39,320
                    Course completions in vocational
                    education and training 14                          N/A        9,663           N/A          9,700

32   Direction – Post-Compulsory Education and Skills Development
                                                                                                                   2009–10  Tasmania
                Key performance measure                              2006–07 2007–08               2008–09          Target    Together
                                                                                                                     (DoE) Benchmark
                Unit/module completions in vocational
                education and training 14                                  N/A       180,845             N/A          181,000

                Student satisfaction – Graduates 15                      90.2%         90.0%            91.6%           90.0%
                Student satisfaction – Module
                completers 15                                            86.1%          83.7%          85.2%            87.0%

               Skills Tasmania is a statutory body and will report its own performance measures.
               The Tasmanian Academy, the Tasmanian Polytechnic and the Tasmanian Skills Institute will report on their own performance measures.

               11 This measure is derived from national measures of retention.
               12 This figure is for government schools only.
               13 These measures have been revised to use the ‘civilian population’ as the base (ABS May data). In previous years, the ‘education
                  and work’ population was used as the basis for calculating the percentages. The 2006–07 actuals have been recast on this basis.
               14 This is a commencement of a new series reflecting changes to the funding of outputs negotiated in the Commonwealth-State
                  funding agreement – National Agreement for Skills and Workforce Development. Enrolment targets also include targeted
                  enrolments under the Productivity Places Program national partnership. Course completion and unit/module completion target
                  data are not yet available for the national partnership and are not included.
               15 Student satisfaction is the percentage of students satisfied with the overall quality of training. Source: NCVER.

                      On 1 January 2009, the three statutory                         Overall enrolment numbers of traditional Year 11
Tasmania              authorities, the Tasmanian Academy, the                        and 12 students have increased across all regions;
Tomorrow         3.3.1
                      Tasmanian Polytechnic, and the Tasmanian Skills                with the biggest increases occurring at the Hellyer
               Institute commenced statewide operation. Hobart,                      Campus in the North-West and the Hobart
               Hellyer, The Don and Newstead colleges made the                       Campus in the South.
               transition to the new organisations. These sites house
               campuses of both the academy and the polytechnic in                   The transition of the remaining four colleges is well
               the first instance. TAFE Tasmania locations are now                   underway and they are working hard to ensure a
               known as Tasmanian Skills Institutes.                                 smooth transition into the new model.

                     The established Guaranteeing Futures                            Many schools have embedded the program into
Guaranteeing         initiatives focused on improving retention and                  their learning programs and curriculum delivery.
Futures          3.3.1
                     participation for young people. These initiatives               Effective liaison strategies between high schools,
               continued to be monitored to ensure they delivered                    senior secondary colleges, the Tasmanian
               the best results for young Tasmanians. Starting in the                Academy, the Tasmanian Polytechnic, and the
               compulsory years, young Tasmanians are provided                       Tasmanian Skills Institute have been, or are being
               with pathway planning and transition support as well                  developed, with stakeholders.
               as extensive career, work and enterprise education.

                                   Direction – Post-Compulsory Education and Skills Development                                             33
Community Knowledge Network
Output              The Community Knowledge Network (CKN)                         Through the CKN, more Tasmanians, and
                    brings together the services and programs of the              particularly those who have not engaged with
Group 3*            State Library of Tasmania, online access centre               education since leaving school, are able to enjoy
Direction           network, Adult Education and the Archives Office              learning, reading and accessing information, including
                    of Tasmania.                                                  Tasmania’s documentary heritage. For some, this
                                                                                  includes becoming involved in learning that will
                    The CKN is being developed to provide a rich                  improve their literacy and life skills – so that they
                    information and learning network for all Tasmanians;          can better engage with work or learn more about
                    not only for those who have traditionally enjoyed             parenting. For others, it involves participating in
                    the services of each of the contributors, but also for        programs that help them to remain active and
                    those who have yet to benefit.                                continue to enjoy all aspects of community life.

                    Learning and Information Network Centres (LINCs)              and training, literacy support and other community
Learning and        combine a range of learning, information and other            services for Tasmanians living in the Huon Valley.
Information         government services to better connect Tasmanians
Network Centres     with services in their community. Through LINCs,              The state government has committed $17.6 million
(LINCs)             more Tasmanians are able to access a computer, the            to establish five new LINCs in regional communities.
                    internet, books, courses and collections, as well as          New LINCs are being planned for Bridgewater,
                    other vital community services.                               George Town, Scottsdale, Sorell and Queenstown.

                    The LINC initiative is based on the successful Huon           Work was completed to reshape city libraries
                    LINC model piloted by the CKN. Established in                 and community learning spaces to provide LINC
                    2005, the Huon LINC is a community hub and                    services in urban centres. Burnie, Devonport,
                    gateway for the delivery of information, education            Glenorchy, Hobart, Kingston, Launceston and Rosny
                                                                                  LINCs commenced operation from 1 July 2009.

                           The CKN is developing a new Community                  community settings. To determine the support
Community                  Literacy Coordinator Network to increase               needs of CKN clients, the most appropriate means
Literacy              3.2.1

                           support for Tasmanian adults and families              of assessing literacy skill levels were also explored.
Coordinator         with low levels of literacy skills.
Network                                                                           Learning from the Huon LINC pilot and research
                    During 2008–09 one literacy coordinator was                   project is now being applied across the CKN.
                    employed at the Huon LINC. Research was                       Additional literacy coordinators have been
                    undertaken to identify the methods that best                  appointed and have been operating from the CKN’s
                    enabled the training, development and deployment              network of urban LINCs from July 2009.
                    of literacy coordinators and volunteers in

                              Tasmania’s cultural and documentary heritage        Established in August 2008, the new Tasmanian
Tasmanian Archive             is important to the Tasmanian community’s           Archive and Heritage Office (TAHO) provides for
and Heritage          6.5.3
                              understanding of its past, present and future.      greater access to the state’s unique collection of
Office                                                                            books, periodicals, newspapers, maps, audio, video,
                    Combining the resources of the Archives Office                films and government records.
                    of Tasmania and the Heritage Collections of the
                    State Library enables Tasmanians access to some               Through TAHO’s expanded digitisation program,
                    of the state’s most significant heritage collections.         the state’s unique holdings will be explored, used,
                    The shared expertise of staff also assists the CKN            understood and appreciated by an ever-increasing
                    to better manage the millions of items held in its            number of Tasmanians, as well as a global audience.

                    * In the 2008–09 Budget Paper the Community Knowledge Network was referred to as Information Services and
                      Community Learning.

34 Direction – Community Knowledge Network
                                                                                                       DoE  Tasmania
                                                      16                                             Target   Together
               Key performance measure                             2006–07         2007–08 2008–09
                                                                                                   2008–09 Benchmark

               Information enquiries 17                               679,713        649,646         592,608    605,000
               Library items borrowed                              4,666,366        4,917,095       5,171,196 4,800,000
               Number of Tasmanian publications
                                                                       64,548          57,944          37,488         15,000
               added to the state record 18
               Percentage of significant items
                                                                          70%             70%             70%            70%
               conserved 19                                                                                                              6.5.2

               Number of heritage documents and
               artefacts publicly available in digital                 22,515          33,787          50,693        170,000
               format 20                                                                                                                 6.5.3

               Number of Adult Education
                                                                       30,148          27,575         25,640          28,800

               Additional performance measure                                                2006–07              2007–08             2008–09
               In-person visits to libraries                                                 2,743,213            2,904,426            2,914,149
               Loans per lending library item held                                                  7.4                  7.3                  7.6
               Active users of libraries and information services                             140,852               142,017              142,118
               Active library borrowers (percentage of the population)                          29.0%                 29.0%               28.4%
               Library items available for loan or research                                   958,246             1,008,029             996,341
               Library items held in city and branch libraries per head
                                                                                                     1.40                1.48                    1.44
               of population
               Number of Adult Education students                                                 16,161              14,529                15,910
               Number of Adult Education classes offered                                           3,819               3,803                 3,773

              16 The current range of key performance measures for the Community Knowledge Network is under review, following the
                 integration of public libraries, online access centres and Adult Education and the progressive establishment of Learning and
                 Information Network Centre services. A new performance framework for the Community Knowledge Network will be
                 introduced in 2009–10.
              17 Based on the current measure for information enquiries, it is expected that the number of enquiries will continue to decrease
                 as increased use is made by clients of online services.
              18 The 2008–09 actual reflects the plateau of registration of items into the archives control system. Previously high actuals are the
                 result of large data entry projects associated with the Tasmanian Ombudsman’s Review of Claims of Abuse of Children in State
                 Care and project funding for data entry.
              19 Progress towards the achievement of this Tasmania Together target is to be reviewed in 2009–10.
              20 This is a cumulative performance measure. The 2008–09 target is high because digitisation was identified as a priority activity
                 and resources were allocated to expand the program during the 2008–09 reporting period. Approximately 160,000 items have
                 been digitised – 50,693 were available online at 30 June 2009, while a further 110,000 will be available early in 2009–10.

                                                                 Direction – Community Knowledge Network 35
                  Additional performance measure                               2006–07            2007–08             2008–09
                  Number of Adult Education classes held                          2,851              2,936               2,880
                  Number of new registered users of
                                                                                       5,859           6,186               6,690
                  online access centres
                  Formal courses provided at online access
                                                                                       3,017           2,043                1,811
                  People formally trained at online access
                                                                                       8,559            7,135               5,929
                  Online access centre volunteers                                       849               824                 785
                  Records retrieved by Archives Office for
                                                                                   27,519             26,894             7,494 21
                  the public
                  Use of Archives Office internet site                        13,197,754         17,521,300         32,346,885
                  Written enquiries from public dealt with
                                                                                       2,894           2,834                4,151
                  by Archives Office staff
                  Deposits of private archival records in
                                                                                         40                58                  71
                  the Archives Office
                  Archival items accessioned into the
                                                                                   52,292             44,916           22,946 22
                  Archives Office
                  Archival Office holdings of records
                                                                                   17,487             17,580               17,701
                  (linear metres)
                  Records disposal authorisations issued by
                                                                                         27                26                  45
                  the Archives Office

                 Library items borrowed

                               2004–05     2005–06     2006–07     2007–08     2008–09

                 Number of heritage documents and artefacts publicly available in digital format


                             2004–05     2005–06     2006–07     2007–08     2008–09

                 21 Issues of records have decreased due to the introduction of self serve microfilm in the new MicroSpace. Previously, reels of
                    Archives microfilm were issued by staff and were included in this figure.
                 22 The 2008–09 actual reflects the plateau of registration of items into the archives control system. Previously high actuals are
                    the result of projects associated with the Tasmanian Ombudsman’s Review of Claims of Abuse of Children in State Care.

36 Direction – Community Knowledge Network
                    Significant progress has been made to bring              a statewide LINC service network, among
                    together the services and programs of Tasmania’s         CKN staff. New organisational structures, roles
                    libraries, online access centres, Adult Education and    and relationships are now being progressively
                    Archives Office since the state government first         implemented across the network.
                    articulated its vision for the Community Knowledge
                    Network in October 2006.                                 The CKN’s program of transformation is ongoing,
                                                                             with a strong focus on building the organisation’s
                    In 2008–09 consultation revealed widespread              capacity to connect more Tasmanians with
                    support for a fully integrated organisation, including   information and learning.

                    The CKN’s new organisational design fully                The Virtual LINC will support the new service
Building the LINC   integrates library, online access centres, Adult         network model by linking together ‘like services’
service network     Education and literacy support services through a        and resources across the CKN so that Tasmanians
                    new LINC service network. This change underpins          can easily find and understand the range of services
                    LINC establishment in urban and regional                 offered. Just as urban and regional LINCs will offer
                    communities across the state.                            a range of information, community learning and
                                                                             literacy support services, so too will the Virtual
                    During 2008–09 preliminary meetings were held            LINC make the range of services and information
                    with local councils and key community groups             more accessible to all Tasmanians.
                    in Bridgewater, George Town, Queenstown,
                    Scottsdale and Sorell. Regional LINC projects have       A Virtual LINC project in 2008 saw the
                    each entered the consultation phase to determine         development of a new Family History Portal, which
                    the scope of services, including potential partners,     provides a single access point to the wide range
                    co-tenants and users, and preferred locations.           of family history resources available across the
                                                                             CKN. The Virtual LINC will continue to evolve
                    New service delivery teams have also been                over time to respond to the needs of Tasmanians
                    established to support LINC operations in                seeking information online and to take advantage of
                    Burnie, Devonport, Glenorchy, Hobart, Kingston,          advances in technology.
                    Launceston and Rosny.
                                                                             Adult Education celebrated its 60th birthday this
                    Officially opened in November 2008, the Risdon           year. A cornerstone of lifelong learning in Tasmania,
                    LINC is a partnership between the prison service,        Adult Education’s hobby and enrichment courses
                    the CKN and the Tasmanian Polytechnic and                are highly valued by its client base of some 27,700
                    is an Australian first in prisoner education. The        annual enrolments. In 2008–09, Adult Education
                    refurbished library, with 30 new computer stations       delivered learning opportunities to over 15,900
                    and a secure connection to the State Library and         clients via more than 2,880 classes held across the
                    the Tasmanian Polytechnic’s Hobart campus, is            state.
                    providing inmates with greater access to education,
                    training and literacy support at Risdon Prison.          While there is an apparent downward trend
                                                                             in Adult Education enrolments, actual student
                    Library loans exceeded 5 million in 2008–09, an          numbers increased by almost 10 per cent in
                    increase of 5.2 per cent on last year’s performance.     2008–09. More people enrolled in Adult Education
                    The use of library resources has been steadily           courses but they enrolled in fewer courses per
                    increasing since 2004–05 and it appears that the         student.
                    impacts of a floating collection and improved
                    bookstock are continuing to have a positive effect.      CKN successfully introduced a new $350,000
                    While city and branch libraries account for the          online enrolment system for Adult Education in
                    majority of library issues, there was significant        May 2009. This web-based system makes it easier
                    growth during the reporting period in offsite            for Tasmanians to enrol online and to immediately
                    transactions through TALISPlus. TALISPlus is the         confirm their place in their chosen courses. Clients
                    State Library’s online catalogue that enables clients    are also able to enrol over the phone, counter, or by
                    to search, place holds, check loans and self-manage      mail and make payments by cheque or money order.
                    their renewals.                                          Initial take-up of the online enrolment system has
                                                                             been positive, with more than half of enrolments
                    The Virtual Library has been renamed Virtual             taken in this way. This percentage is expected
                    LINC to describe the developing online service           to grow as clients become familiar with online
                    delivery channel for the CKN. Planning is underway       payments.
                    to transition the Virtual Library to a Virtual LINC,
                    to provide an integrated service delivery platform.

                                                              Direction – Community Knowledge Network                        37
                        A partnership between online access centres               Certificate I in Information Technology.
                        and the Tasmanian Polytechnic is improving access
                        to learning opportunities for Tasmanians in regional      Through the CKN more Tasmanians are able to
                        centres. The eLearn program pairs students with           access a computer, the internet and the vast range
                        an online teacher, with local support provided by         of information available to them. As at 30 June 2009,
                        an online access centre coordinator and volunteers.       there were 639 public access internet computers
                        Over 400 Tasmanians enrolled in eLearn in 2008.           available in libraries and online access centres across
                        Successful participants obtain four units towards a       the network.

                                 Following the successful pilot in the Huon,      7,841 in 2007–08 (a 29 per cent increase). A total of
Community                 literacy coordinators have been appointed               10,062 parents and carers attended these sessions,
literacy support for     3.2.1
                          to the Burnie, Devonport, Launceston,                   compared with 6,939 in 2007–08 (up 31 per cent).
Tasmanian adults Glenorchy, Rosny, Kingston and Hobart LINCs.
and families         The CKN is adopting various strategies to achieve            Baby book packs are designed to introduce parents
                        improved literacy outcomes for Tasmanian adults           to books suitable for three different age groups
                        and families, including the use of qualified volunteer    (0–1, 1–2 and 2–3 years). The program aims to
                        tutors to support the range of literacy needs that        encourage parents and carers to enjoy books
                        may exist.                                                with their children from as early an age as possible
                                                                                  and for children, parents and carers to become
                        Huon LINC’s literacy coordinator and pool of              members of their local library. The packs are
                        volunteer literacy tutors provided regular one-to-        available in libraries around Tasmania. In 2008–09,
                        one literacy support for more than 50 individuals         there were 7,416 issues of baby book packs.
                        in the Huon Valley in 2008–09. The team currently
                        consists of 19 literacy tutors, of which 13 are active    Storytime is currently offered in 19 libraries around
                        and matched with students. Huon LINC tutors               Tasmania. Storytime is a weekly event in most of
                        provided approximately 55 hours per month of              these libraries and involves stories, songs, rhymes
                        literacy support for their community and demand is        and activities for pre-school aged children with
                        increasing.                                               their parents and carers. In 2008–09, 756 Storytime
                                                                                  sessions were offered and a total of 13,546 children
                               The CKN’s community literacy strategy              and adults participated in the program.
                               also includes Reading Together, Rock & Rhyme,

                               baby book packs, Storytime and a Bookstart         Library staff and local child health professionals at
                        pilot program at Bridgewater.                             Bridgewater are working in partnership to deliver
                                                                                  Bookstart, a pilot program targeting families with
                        Reading Together is a family literacy program which       babies. A free picture book and invitation to join the
                        supports pre-school and adult literacy. There             State Library is handed out by child health nurses
                        are currently 22 Reading Together programs being          to parents at their child’s six month clinic check.
                        delivered in 20 locations around the state. On            Parents are showing a very high level of interest
                        average, 163 adults and 219 children attend a Reading     with most taking up the offer of a library card for
                        Together session somewhere in Tasmania each week.         their new baby. A weekly Rock and Rhyme session
                                                                                  has also been established at the Bridgewater Library
                        Fifty-two inmates and 64 families are also involved       to cater for this new group of members. As of June
                        in the Reading Together program at Risdon Prison.         2009, 220 parents had filled out the form to register
                        The prison program uses a different model whereby         for Baby’s First Library Card.
                        the inmate parent reads and records a book with
                        the support of a volunteer inmate tutor. The audio        More than 35,800 Tasmanian primary school
                        recording and a copy of the book is then sent to the      students took part in the Premier’s Reading Challenge
                        family.                                                   in 2008 with 34 per cent reading at least 20 books
                                                                                  in 20 weeks – a great result in the first year of
                        Rock & Rhyme is an interactive session for young          the challenge. The challenge is part of the state
                        babies aged 0–24 months old and their parents or          government’s commitment to improving literacy,
                        carers involving songs, nursery rhymes, stories,          helping to raise awareness of the importance of
                        musical instruments and actions.                          reading amongst parents and the wider community
                        In 2008–09, 605 Rock & Rhyme sessions were held           and to keep students interested in reading. A sum of
                        in 16 libraries across the state, an increase of 17 per   $351,000 was also provided to registered schools to
                        cent on the 2007–08 period. In 2008–09, 11,198            buy new library books.
                        children attended Rock & Rhyme, compared with

38 Direction – Community Knowledge Network
                              Tasmanians have unprecedented access to       relocation of the Archives Office and the Heritage
Tasmania’s cultural           Tasmania’s documentary heritage through the   Collections to the State Library’s Reference Service
memory                 6.5.3

                              new Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office     in Hobart. The iZone is a central service point
                      (TAHO). Established in August 2008, TAHO has          for reference, archive and heritage collections and
                      developed a policy framework which is guiding the     includes a new integrated family history service.
                      digitisation of Tasmania’s documentary heritage.      A number of strategic projects were undertaken
                      Approximately 160,000 heritage documents and          in 2008–09 including the transfer of Tasmanian
                      artefacts are now available online, including over    serials and newspapers management from the State
                      300 volumes (68,000 images) of Tasmania’s convict     Reference Service to TAHO and the inclusion of the
                      records which are inscribed into the UNESCO           Launceston Local Studies Collection in the TAHO
                      International Memory of the World Register.           structure.
                      The December 2008 launch of the new iZone
                      celebrated the establishment of TAHO and the

                                                             Direction – Community Knowledge Network                       39

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